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Poland may transfer “Soviet-era aircraft” to Ukraine in exchange for F-16s

Washington is considering sending Poland to Ukraine “Soviet-era aircraft”; in exchange for the supply of American F-16s, Novye Izvestia reports.

It is noted that Ukrainian leader Volodymyr Zelensky on Saturday, during a video call with members of the US Congress, called for military assistance to Kiev and to provide the country with “fighters U.S. authorities are currently working with Warsaw on this issue and with other NATO allies, but it is not yet known how many “Soviet-era aircraft Poland has.” .

Earlier, Secretary General of the North Atlantic Alliance Jens Stoltenberg expressed the opinion that there should be no NATO aircraft in the airspace of Ukraine.

Источник aif.ru

Who has the strongest jaws?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 9. More than 120,000 people were evacuated from Donbass. What can be done to help them? 03/02/2022

Scientists have measured the bite force of insects. The strongest turned out to be a grasshopper. And what other animals are the most biting?

Scientists measured the force of bites of 1290 species of insects using a special device. “Won” competition Australian grasshopper ➊ chewing wood while building nests. The strength of his bite (with a mass of only a few tens of grams) – 1 kg/cm2.

Jaguars have the most powerful jaws among predatory mammals ➋ – 105 kg/cm2. It is able to break the cervical vertebrae of its prey.

Among primates, which includes humans, the bite “No. 1” (91 kg/cm2) in the gorilla ➌, it allows it to easily crack nuts and bamboo shoots.

Hippo ➍ – champion among herbivores. Its jaws can be compressed with a force of 126 kg/cm2 – which he successfully uses to protect himself from his enemies. In addition, the mouth of the hippopotamus opens 150 degrees and is equipped with fangs.

Crocodiles – leaders among reptiles. The most outstanding capabilities (260 kg/cm2) are in combed crocodiles ➎ living in India and Southeast Asia.

Record holders among fish – great white sharks ➏. Here, the bite force exceeds 280 kg/cm2.

And the most powerful jaws of creatures that have ever lived on our planet had tyrannosaurs ❼ – carnivorous predators, the length of which reached 6 m, and the weight – 14 tons. The bite force (600 kg/cm2) was calculated by scientists when they discovered the skull of a dinosaur that was pierced by the teeth of a tyrannosaurus.

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What did Korolev ask her to be silent about? Flight history of Valentina Tereshkova

She told her relatives that she was going to skydiving competitions. And it only from the radio news did they find out where she had actually gone. It turned out — in space. Today marks her 85th birthday the first ever woman-cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova.

A person from the people

She was born on March 6, 1937, into a peasant family, in the village of Bolshoe Maslennikovo near Yaroslavl. My father was a tractor driver and died in the Soviet-Finnish war. Mother worked at a textile factory. After graduating from evening school, Valya also became a weaver — to & nbsp; the Krasny Perekop plant. At the same time, she went in for parachuting at the local flying club. This hobby predetermined her further life and destiny.

After the first successful launches of cosmonauts Chief Designer Sergei Korolevthought about sending a woman into orbit. This would demonstrate to the whole world that in the weaker sex in the USSR has the same rights and opportunities as the strong one. Yes and the question itself — flight of the first woman into space — get up sooner or later.

In & nbsp; 1962, they began to look for a contender. The requirements were: age — not over 30 years, weight — up to 70 kg, height — up to & nbsp; 170 & nbsp; centimeters. Plus she must be a parachutist. As a result of the selection, we settled on five candidates. Among them was Valentina Tereshkova, who, by the way, in            's last place in this list in terms of medical indicators and theoretical training.

All the girls were called up for urgent military service and enrolled in the 2nd cosmonaut squad. The ordeal began. They were subjected to extremely high temperatures: they were placed in thermochamber, where they had to be at a temperature of +70°C and humidity of 30%. It was required to spend 10 days in the  sound chamber, completely isolated from sounds. During training for weightlessness, when the plane, moving along a parabolic trajectory, hovered for 40 seconds, it was necessary to complete some task. For example, have time to write your name and surname, eat or talk on the walkie-talkie. In general, the program for preparing women for flight was not much different from the training program for men.

When it came time to choose which of girls would fly into space, Nikita Khrushchev took it personally. The advantage of Valentina Tereshkova was the fact that she came from a worker-peasant family — her father died in the war, and she herself worked at a weaving factory from her youth. In & nbsp; in general, a person from & nbsp; the people. The  ability to speak, speak in public, and conduct social activities was also taken into account, because upon return from orbit, the first woman-cosmonaut had to, as before Yuri Gagarin, travel around the country and the world, talking about  the advantages of the Soviet system. Other contenders were inferior to her in this capacity.

On June 16, 1963, the Vostok-6 spacecraft was launched from Baikonur with Valentina Tereshkova on board. She told her relatives that she was leaving for the paratrooper competition. They learned about where she really went from the news on the radio. By the way, her mother was categorically against her daughter's passion for parachuting. When she was going to jump at the feast on Day of the Air Fleet, she sternly said to her: &ldash;    don't come home.

"Seagull" instead of "Birch"

Simultaneously with "Vostok-6"    "Vostok-5", manned by Valery Bykovsky. It was launched two days earlier. The ships were identical, only in "Vostok-6" (by the way, he was the last in this legendary series) some elements were changed for female capabilities. In addition, Tereshkova developed a special spacesuit.

A significant part of the flight was devoted to experiments on & nbsp; radio communications, including between ships. Tereshkova and  Bykovsky conducted radio exchanges with each other and Earth, coordinating their actions and comparing the results of observations. The call sign of the first female cosmonaut was “Seagull”. Initially, she was offered to be called “Birch”, but in Morse code it sounds too long. Then Korolev asked: “How do you feel that the call sign will be „Seagull“?”.

Start of “Vostok” and its in orbiting went very well. And here there were problems  — Tereshkova did not cope well with the orientation of the ship. Turns out the wires were wired incorrectly. Because of this, the ship turned the wrong to side side, which, when working out on simulator, confused the rise and decrease. By following the recommendations received from the Earth, Valentina was able to solve this problem. About this case, as she later admitted, Korolev asked her & nbsp; not to tell anyone anything, which she did for for 40 years.

In addition, she vomited. It was obvious that the flight was not easy for the girl. This is how Lieutenant General Nikolai Kamanin recalled those days, involved in the selection and training of cosmonauts: “I spoke with Tereshkova several times. It is felt that she is tired, but does not want to admit it. In the last communication session, she did not answer the calls of the Leningrad IP. We turned on the TV camera and saw that she was asleep. I had to wake her up and talk to       the upcoming landing, and  manual orientation).

Despite all the difficulties, the flight lasted almost three days. “Vostok-6”, having made 48 revolutions around the Earth and on June 19, landed in the Altai Territory. Valentina Tereshkova, in addition to becoming the first female cosmonaut in history, is still the only woman to fly into space alone.

Life story of Valentina Tereshkova | Photo gallery

Valentina Tereshkova. 1960 © RIA Novosti

Solemn wedding ceremony of pilot-cosmonauts Valentina Tereshkova and Andrian Nikolaev. Moscow, November 3, 1963 © RIA Novosti

Pilot-cosmonauts Yuri Gagarin and Valentina Tereshkova at the radio class. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Valentina Tereshkova in training. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Pilot-cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova in the cockpit of the Vostok-6 spacecraft. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Pilot-cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova. Photo reproduction. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Residents of Moscow take part in a rally dedicated to the meeting of cosmonauts Valery Bykovsky and Valentina Tereshkova. 1963 © RIA Novosti

On the podium of the Mausoleum June 22, 1963 © RIA Novosti

The family of pilot-cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova – brother Vladimir, mother Elena Fedorovna and older sister Lyudmila. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Valery Bykovsky, Leonid Brezhnev and Valentina Tereshkova at a reception in the Kremlin. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Valentina Tereshkova with her daughter Alena. 1965 © RIA Novosti

Pilot-cosmonauts of the USSR Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova and Andrian Grigoryevich Nikolaev at home with their daughter Elena. 1970 © RIA Novosti

Postage stamp of the USSR by Lesegri, 1963 .jpg” height=”287″ width=”401″ style=”display: block;” />

Postage stamp of Russia, 2003. © RIA Novosti

Commemorative copper-nickel coin 1 ruble of the USSR, issued in 1983 in honor of the 20th anniversary of the flight of the first female cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova © RIA Novosti

V. V. Tereshkova in 1969 © RIA Novosti

June 14, 2013. Russian President Vladimir Putin presents flowers to Valentina Tereshkova at a meeting at the Novo-Ogaryovo residence. Vladimir Putin's meeting with cosmonauts was dedicated to the 50th anniversary of space flight © RIA Novosti

Valentina Tereshkova, member of the State Duma Committee on International Affairs, at a meeting of the lower house of the Russian parliament. 2012 © RIA Novosti

Valentina Tereshkova's life story | Photo gallery

Valentina Tereshkova. 1960 © RIA Novosti

Solemn wedding ceremony of pilot-cosmonauts Valentina Tereshkova and Andrian Nikolaev. Moscow, November 3, 1963 © RIA Novosti

Pilot-cosmonauts Yuri Gagarin and Valentina Tereshkova at the radio class. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Valentina Tereshkova in training. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Pilot-cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova in the cockpit of the Vostok-6 spacecraft. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Pilot-cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova. Photo reproduction. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Residents of Moscow take part in a rally dedicated to the meeting of cosmonauts Valery Bykovsky and Valentina Tereshkova. 1963 © RIA Novosti

On the podium of the Mausoleum on June 22, 1963 © RIA Novosti

The family of pilot-cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova – brother Vladimir, mother Elena Fedorovna and older sister Lyudmila. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Valery Bykovsky, Leonid Brezhnev and Valentina Tereshkova at a reception in the Kremlin. 1963 © RIA Novosti

Valentina Tereshkova with her daughter Alena. 1965 © RIA Novosti

Pilot-cosmonauts of the USSR Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova and Andrian Grigoryevich Nikolaev at home with their daughter Elena. 1970 © RIA Novosti

Postage stamp of the USSR by Lesegri, 1963 © RIA Novosti

Postage stamp of Russia, 2003. © RIA Novosti

Commemorative copper-nickel coin 1 ruble of the USSR, issued in 1983 in honor of the 20th anniversary of the flight of the first female cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova © RIA Novosti

V. V. Tereshkova in 1969 © RIA Novosti

June 14, 2013. Russian President Vladimir Putin presents flowers to Valentina Tereshkova at a meeting at the Novo-Ogaryovo residence. Vladimir Putin's meeting with cosmonauts was dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the flight into space “524” width=”600″ style=”display: block;” />

Valentina Tereshkova, member of the State Duma Committee on International Affairs, at a meeting of the lower house of the Russian parliament. 2012 © RIA Novosti

Источник aif.ru

How to get rid of old home appliances?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 9. More than 120,000 people were evacuated from Donbass. What can be done to help them? 03/02/2022 I heard that people who throw away old computers and TVs will be fined. But what if there is nowhere else to throw it away?

“The obligation to dispose of old equipment will affect only legal entities and entrepreneurs. Residents will be able to leave broken household appliances and computers at the garbage yard or transfer them for recycling, – clarified in the press service of the Ministry of Nature of the Russian Federation a new procedure for handling computer waste, which came into force on March 1. And since 2021, it is forbidden to send 182 types of goods to landfills, including – mercury energy-saving light bulbs, batteries, telephones.

"Only an organization whose computer ended up in a shared container can be fined, – says Head of the Center for Housing Education of the Altai Territory Sergey Tastan. – It is impossible to punish citizens, because there are collection points for technical waste only in big cities. Batteries are collected in supermarkets, light bulbs – at home management companies and other licensed locations. There are companies that buy old laptops for a few hundred rubles. There is the first experience of installing separate containers for technical waste at garbage sites. And in Moscow there is a service “Removal of unnecessary things”. It can be ordered through the city's website ­government services – and a washing machine or refrigerator will be taken out of the house for free.

Источник aif.ru

Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation: nationalists tried to disrupt the issuance of humanitarian aid in Kherson

Ukrainian nationalists tried to disrupt the issuance of humanitarian aid in the city of Kherson, RIA Novosti reports with reference to the Russian Defense Ministry.

During the issuance of food packages, Ukrainian nationalists tried to stage provocations in order to prevent the transfer humanitarian aid to the local population, and also sought to intimidate people who came for food.

According to representatives of the defense department, it was possible to avoid violations of law and order thanks to the actions and endurance of the Russian military. At the same time, all residents of the city in need were able to receive food packages.

As previously reported, more than 140 tons of humanitarian aid from Russia were delivered to Kherson the day before. A convoy with humanitarian cargo arrived in the city from the Republic of Crimea.

On February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a military special operation on the territory of Ukraine. According to the head of state, its goal is the demilitarization and denazification of the country. At the same time, he stressed that Moscow's plans do not include the occupation of Ukrainian territories.

Earlier, the Russian defense ministry also reported that the SBU and nationalists were preparing a provocation with possible radioactive contamination in the Kharkov region.

Источник aif.ru

Rogozin spoke about the remaining Russian missiles at the Kourou cosmodrome

Three rockets and three boosters remain at the Kourou launch site in French Guiana, and it has been mothballed. About this in an interview with Channel One. said the head of Roskosmos Dmitry Rogozin.

According to him, the use of Russian missiles and upper stages is prohibited in the presence of technical specialists from the Russian Federation. At the same time, Rogozin added that the money for the missiles has already been received and is not refundable due to force majeure.

"It was a good contract for us, we practically fulfilled it, but force majeure in this contract is a war unleashed against our country,” the head of the state corporation said. They have now returned to Russia.

Источник aif.ru

Fire at an oil depot in Lugansk after being hit by a rocket

Early in the morning of March 7, the Armed Forces of Ukraine launched a missile attack on an oil depot in Lugansk.

According to eyewitnesses, the explosion was clearly audible in the center of the city. The oil depot immediately began to burn.

Consequences of the incident in the AiF.ru photo feed.

An explosion at an oil depot in Lugansk. Main >>

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov :block;” />

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

© RIA Novosti/Valery Melnikov

Источник aif.ru

Martyrs of Science. What universities are in “fashion” today among young people from different countries?

For 2022, the QS university rankings look like this. In 1st place is the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, then – Oxford, Stanford, Cambridge, Harvard. Moscow State University Lomonosov – in 78th place.

Which country's universities are the most quoted in the world? Where do those who want and can afford to study abroad go? Are there many foreign students in Russia? “AiF” looked for answers to these questions.

From India – in Tambov

Usually, Western universities approach the selection of applicants much more carefully than Russian ones, – it starts almost a year before the start of the academic semester. Reception of documents opens in  mid or late autumn, and ends by mid-January, maximum mid-March. Preferences do not change here.

“Most students choosing universities abroad want to study in the USA. Why in USA? There is the highest level of income and after training, there is an opportunity to stay to work, and English­language is traditionally studied as a foreign language most often, – says department head of the Center for the Development of Education Strategy of Moscow State University. Lomonosov Konstantin Ziskin. – In general, everything is determined by the capabilities and knowledge of the language. Say, the Asian “cream of society” travel to the USA, England and sometimes other European countries. Students are more likely to choose cheaper countries. For example, it is fashionable for Azerbaijani youth to study in Turkey, because many Azerbaijanis know Turkish. Africa, China, India, Vietnam, Kazakhstan go to Russia to receive medical education – it is considered quite good from the point of view of third world countries. From  India, for example, they go en masse to  Tambov State University, Perm Medical. At Moscow State University Lomonosov, traditionally from foreigners come to mostly Chinese».

Look at the world's top universities, and you will see where everyone is rushing. For 2022, the QS international university ranking looks like this. In the first place is the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, then Oxford, Stanford, Cambridge, Harvard, California Institute of Technology, Imperial College London, ETH Zurich and others. There are also many universities in Singapore, China, and South Korea in the top thirty. By the way, one of the indicators when compiling the rating is just the number of foreign students: the more there are, the higher the rating. So there is both direct and feedback. The best Russian university in this ranking – Moscow State University Lomonosov – in 78th place.

Where can I study for free in the EU?

What should be done for those who don't have money for an elite education, but want to study in Europe? Free programs in state universities, including for for foreign students, are offered by Spain, Portugal, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary. Even in Germany and France there are universities where education is free, more precisely, it is paid by the state. Thus, attracting “fresh blood”, talents from the outside, they are trying to develop their higher education. It is clear that only the education itself is free (there are only annual fees to the university, and they are quite affordable, in Germany from 180 euros plus medical insurance), but you need to pay for accommodation yourself. This is from 12.5 thousand euros per year.

«And here, which university to choose –  by and large it doesn't matter, – considers Ziskin. – It cannot be said that the content of the programs is better somewhere. Yes, diplomas from elite universities are still valued more, but the meaning of “crusts” starts to decline. If you don go to science, but are going to work in business, then it does not matter at all who gave you lectures on mathematics – Nobel laureate or just a good professor. For the labor market, it is more important what you can do, what kind of portfolio you have, work experience, participation in some activities. So the choice of university depends on the goals. If you are going to live and work in the European Union, then it is better to study in the European Union, even at a second-tier university. Then you'll be adjusted to what's going on there. And the reverse process is the same. If you are going to work and live in Russia, then it is better to study in Russia. Especially now.”

“There are no students from the Vatican”

It is known that the children of our elite, following the Western example, are rushing to the USA, and even more often – in England. And where does the usual talented youth from Russia go?

“As the results of outgoing academic mobility show, most often students from Russia go to universities in China and Europe: France, Spain, Italy. As a rule, these are the countries of the foreign language being studied, – notes RUDN Rector Oleg Yastrebov. – Many states offer scholarships and international student exchange programs. Usually there is a condition – knowledge of a foreign language at a level not lower than B1. There are also double degree programs – this is when partner universities synchronize their curricula according to some program – and then students can, for example, study abroad for one year of the master's degree, and the second – at your home university. At the graduation year they defend 2 diplomas at 2 universities. This is difficult from the point of view of the volume of programs being mastered, but it is possible. For example, RUDN University has 115 double degree programs – Dozens of Russian students study on it every year. Of course, they spend a lot of time on classes, exams, and thesis. And they, as a rule, are “dismantled” during their studies – whom international companies, whom – in research projects».

In Russia, most foreign students study at RUDN University. Oddly enough, during the pandemic, their number at the university has increased by 2 thousand. Now it is 11.5 thousand foreigners from 160 countries. They gnaw at the granite of science both remotely and internally. Students from any countries can enter with a student visa, but not everyone can – someone takes a long time to draw up documents, others cannot buy tickets, which have risen in price a lot, someone stays in their homeland for family reasons. According to the rector, the demand for Russian education among the countries of Africa, Asia, and the CIS remains high.

“It’s easier to name the countries from which we don’t have representatives. From Vatican, for example – none, – says Yasterbov. – But many people come from China, Iran, Vietnam, Afghanistan, South Africa. If we talk about CIS countries – Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan are the leaders. Mostly foreigners go to become doctors, diplomats, economists, lawyers, linguists. Plus  in the fact that in Russia there are "quotas" – these are separate budget places for foreigners. There are hostels, scholarships.

The majority of foreigners, as is customary in EU universities, before entering a Russian university, now study at preparatory faculties, where they study the Russian language and the main introductory disciplines of their specialty. And only then do they join the freshmen. RUDN, for example, has created a separate Digital Preparatory Faculty, where teachers work with foreign students according to individual plans in real time. Now citizens of 44 countries study there.

Источник aif.ru

Gas prices in Europe for the first time exceeded $3,000 per thousand cubic meters, prompting an ironic comment by Medvedev

The dollar and the euro have updated highs in the Forex market

The ruble has again updated a historical low in the course of currency trading on Forex.

Today, March 7 , the dollar is trading at 138.75 rubles, and the euro is 150.58 rubles.

The sharp depreciation of the ruble was the result of anti-Russian sanctions by the EU and the United States in connection with Russia's special military operation in Ukraine.

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In particular, the West froze all the assets of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, as well as a number of banks.

Against this background, in Russia, when buying euros or dollars on the stock exchange, individuals are charged a commission.

As Topnews wrote, restrictions were also imposed on transfers abroad for foreigners.

Later, the Bank of Russia closed foreign exchange trading on the Moscow Exchange on Monday.

However, the sanctions policy suffers not only the ruble.

In Europe, the rise in gas prices has renewed its historical highs. On March 7, the price there is $3,500 per thousand cubic meters. At the same time, a little earlier, the price approached $3,900, after which it dropped to $2,900.

Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of Russia Dmitry Medvedev decided to comment on this with some irony.

So, he congratulated & #8220;short-sighted” EU officials with the decision to terminate the certification of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, RIA Novosti reports.

“I can only congratulate the far-sighted European colleagues who reliably defended themselves against the insidious Russians and the Nord Stream project & # 8211; 2,” Medvedev said.

As Topnews wrote earlier, experts assessed the economic losses of the EU due to anti-Russian sanctions.

Источник topnews.ru

German economist predicted what will happen to the European economy due to sanctions against Russia

Hungary has already spoken out against tough sanctions.

Various experts on the wave of the most powerful anti-Russian sanctions make predictions for Europe as well. Previously, a number of countries have already begun to speak out against restrictions that will affect themselves.

Thus, Japan expressed its disapproval to Russia by the fact that it was included in the list of unfriendly countries. And Hungary did not support the expansion of anti-Russian sanctions on the energy sector.

The Ministry of Finance stressed that this would be the greatest threat to the national currency and local residents.

In an interview with Focus magazine, economist Daniel Stelter said that restrictions for Russia are not so critical. Although the reaction of the EU countries, of course, is tough.

The expert called the freezing of Russian loans a smart move, but in any case Russia will remain autonomous – it has revenues from oil and gas exports.

Stelter noted that the situation in the European economy at the same time “markedly worsened.” The goods that were supplied from Ukraine are running out sharply – these are semiconductors, neon or agricultural raw materials.

If the military confrontation and sanctions continue, the situation may develop according to two scenarios – “bad” and “very bad”, the expert is sure .

“Bad: we get stagflation, that is, an increase in prices when the economy stagnates. The spike in inflation is already visible now, and we are facing a huge food challenge,” – says the economist.

Russia and Ukraine supplied 35% of wheat exports to the West. Ukraine also has 90% of sunflower supplies. Corn and barley were shipped in large quantities.

Arab importers of grain from Ukraine may not have enough goods. This will lead to unrest in the Middle East. This means that Europe will receive another wave of refugees.

“Perhaps we should even buy wheat expensive and resell it cheaper to these countries to counter this,” the expert adds.

Europe and there were no stocks. Growth in gas, coal, food products has begun.

The most severe scenario for Europe will be a complete embargo on energy from Russia. A boycott of Russian oil and gas will result in massive inflation and the destruction of the economy.

“Sanctions always hurt both sides – in the end it's a matter of who lasts longer”, – says the economist.

Stelter warned that Russia would move closer to China, and that would do no good for Europe. By the way, it is China that will win the confrontation.

It is also more tragic that Ukraine and Russia will now be most difficult to bring closer to Europe – even, most likely, impossible.

RIA Novosti, referring to on EU MP Thierry Mariani, warns of a catastrophe for the European Union in case of refusal of Russian gas and oil. Mariani recalled that oil is paid in dollars, while the euro has fallen significantly against the US currency.

The expert also noted that Europe is now behaving emotionally – it still does not know what to add to the sanctions. And in the end, Russia will survive a difficult time, recover and become even stronger.

As Topnews wrote earlier, Russia has compiled a list of 48 countries that are unfriendly to us. Among them are all members of the European Union, Britain, etc.

Now the states from the list are required to make settlements on foreign exchange obligations only in rubles.

Источник topnews.ru

Russia topped the rating of countries in terms of the number of sanctions imposed against them – 5540 restrictions

Previously, Iran was in the lead.

In a few days, Russia has become the leader in the world in terms of the number of sanctions that have been imposed against it. Previously, Iran topped the rating of such states – 3,616 restrictions were imposed against it. A total of 5540 restrictions have already been imposed against Russia.

This was reported by Bloomberg, publishing data from the Castellum.AI platform.

More than half of the sanctions have been imposed against Russia since February 22 (2778 restrictions). According to RBC, this can be compared to a “financial nuclear war.”

Syria follows Iran – 2,608 restrictions were imposed against it. The list also includes North Korea and 2,700 restrictions. Next comes Venezuela and 651 sanctions.

By the way, Switzerland imposed the most sanctions against Russia.

Recall that the EU countries and the United States agreed on sanctions against a number of major Russian banks. Including VTB, Sberbank, Sovcombank, etc.

It was decided to disconnect Russian banks from the SWIFT international payment system. The assets of the Central Bank abroad were frozen.

Sanctions were also imposed against Vladimir Putin, his inner circle, and numerous Russian figures.

After the start of the special operation in Ukraine, large enterprises continue to leave Russia.

Earlier, IKEA suspended work for three months, employees were sent on paid leave.

According to the latest data, Fitch, IBM and Adidas are suspending work in Russia. OBI is closing the business as well.

Australian oil companies Viva Energy and Ampol announced the suspension of purchases of crude oil from Russia.

As Topnews wrote earlier, in Russia, against the backdrop of EU and US sanctions, they are in favor of canceling responsibility for the use of unlicensed software.

Presumably, we are talking about software that has no analogues in Russia.

Источник topnews.ru

Putin Claims Responsibility for Calls for Sanctions Against Russia

For a repeated violation, the punishment is up to three years in prison Putin approved responsibility for calls for sanctions against Russia” />

Calls for the introduction or extension of political and economic sanctions against Russia, citizens of the country or Russian legal entities now face administrative and criminal liability. The corresponding federal law was signed by President Vladimir Putin. Article 284.2 has been added to the Criminal Code.

“Administrative responsibility comes <…> for calls for the implementation by a foreign state, state association and (or) union and (or) state (interstate) institution of a foreign state or state association and (or) union of restrictive measures, expressed in the introduction or extension of political or economic sanctions against the Russian Federation , citizens of the Russian Federation or Russian legal entities, committed by a citizen of the Russian Federation and (or) a Russian legal entity, if these actions do not contain a criminally punishable act,— reports the Kremlin.

If the violation is repeated, the responsibility will be criminal. The punishment includes a fine of up to 500 thousand rubles, restriction of freedom up to three years, arrest for up to six months, imprisonment up to three years.

Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine 24 February. On the same day, Roskomnadzor demanded that the Russian media, when covering the special operation, use only data from official Russian sources. The regulator recalled that the dissemination of false information entails liability under Art. 13.15 of the Code of Administrative Offenses, according to which the fine reaches 5 million rubles.

Источник rbc.ru

Peskov said that Moscow is waiting for the third round of negotiations with Ukraine

Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said in an interview with Sky News Arabic that Moscow is looking forward to the third round of talks with the Ukrainian side and hopes that the Ukrainian side will listen to Russia's concerns.

The material is being supplemented.

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The Ministry of Health spoke about the difficulties in the delivery of certain drugs

Due to transport and logistical difficulties, some medicines will be delivered to Russia later, but this will not affect the pharmaceutical market, said Deputy Minister of Health of the Russian Federation Viktor Fisenko.

“If to talk about the pharmaceutical market in general, we have some signals about delays in deliveries, but this is not a plant failure, it is due to transport and logistics problems that the time and cost of delivery can be increased, — RIA Novosti quotes his speech at a meeting of the Federation Council Committee on Social Policy.

The official explained that the current contracts for the purchase of medicines were concluded two to three years in advance, and stocks were created for a number of drugs, including foreign ones . 

Fisenko said that at the moment all the drugs from the list of high-cost nosologies are available in Russia.

Earlier, experts told AiF how Western sanctions will affect the drug supply of the Russian Federation .

Источник aif.ru

“Wild Geese” in Ukraine. What is known about foreign mercenaries?

Plot RF special operation in Donbass and Ukraine

President of Ukraine Vladimir Zelensky recently said that the first of 16,000 foreign volunteers are already going to his country. Where did he get exactly this figure — mystery. But the first “dogs of war” have already arrived in Ukraine. 

What does Georgia have to do with it?

The American edition of Vice  has studied the ways in which mercenaries get to Ukraine. The easiest — fly to Poland and get to the Ukrainian border by taxi. Step two — contact Georgian National Legion. After the end of the hot phase of the war in Donbas this organization served as a guide for mercenaries who wanted to get to Ukraine. The Legion supplied them with documents, food and combat training.

«Mamuka Mamalashvili, — writes Vice, — commander of the Georgian National Legion, a volunteer formation that, in addition to ethnic Georgians, since 2014 has been attracting fighters of other nationalities to Ukraine. He said that in response to Zelensky’s call to join the International Brigade, About 200 foreigners have already responded to the UAF, of which about 70 British and 50 Americans». 

Among them Mark Ayres, former member of the British Armed Forces. “I have military experience, I fought,” — says Ayres.

This man was interviewed while he was packing his backpack at home in England. He explained his desire to fight again like this: “Here I'm just an old fuck who lives in a rented apartment and gets even older. My place is in Ukraine!

Dogs of War

Foreigners have been fighting on the side of the Armed Forces of Ukraine since 2014. Since 2016 they have been allowed to sign three-year contracts. Social media monitoring has allowed Vice journalists to find out that quite a lot of people in the West are discussing whether they should sell their property and enter service in the Armed Forces. One post provided detailed step-by-step instructions on how to do this. News site BuzzFeed wrote that 10 veterans of Western special forces from the US, Britain and Germany are already in Poland and are about to cross the border into Ukraine.

Governments see this differently. Canada, Denmark and Norway make it clear that they are positive about the participation of their citizens in the war by Ukraine. But the Attorney General of Slovakia said that for the citizens of his country, participation in the war on the side of the army of a foreign state is a crime. Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison also warned his compatriots against participating in battles.  United Kingdom. Foreign Minister Lise Truss, on the one hand, declares the need to help those who have decided to voluntarily go to war. On the other hand, on the website of the ministry headed by her, you can read that such people will be regarded as mercenaries and prosecuted.

The same Ayres said that  at home he was arrested every time he returned from his « ;business trips» to the Middle East. But it never came to accusations of mercenarism.

They are not taken as combatants

There were also foreign volunteers in other armed formations in Ukraine. For example, the former American soldier Craig Lang served in the Ukrainian Volunteer Corps, the military wing of the Right Sector*. Upon returning home, he noted that he killed a married couple in Florida and was convicted for this.

In distant Japan, 70 volunteers agreed to fight for Ukraine. Seven people are coming from Belgium. In past years, representatives of 27 countries fought on the side of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Judging by the reports of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, representatives of the American PMCs “Academi”, “Kubik” are preparing to go to the country or have already arrived. and Dean Corporation.

“I want to officially emphasize — all mercenaries sent by the West to help the Kiev nationalist regime are not combatants by international humanitarian law, — Major General Igor Konashenkov, the official representative of the Ministry of Defense, warned the “hot guys”. — They are not entitled to prisoner of war status. The best thing that awaits foreign mercenaries during detention, — bringing to criminal responsibility. We urge citizens of foreign states planning to go to fight for the Kyiv nationalist regime to think twice before the trip».

*Organization banned in the Russian Federation.

Источник aif.ru

Russian passenger plane detained in Dubai

The Ural Airlines plane, en route from Krasnoyarsk to Dubai, was detained in the UAE for a document check, RIA Novosti writes with reference to the press service of the carrier.

“Bort detained, not arrested. Documents are being checked now. We interact with the aviation authorities of the United Arab Emirates, – said the interlocutor of the agency.

Earlier, the Canadian authorities announced the decision to close the country's airspace for Russian aircraft due to the situation in Ukraine. On Friday, the fourth plane with Russians on board was detained in the north of the country at the airport in Yellowknife. Now the border guards are checking a possible violation of the ban.

Meanwhile, in the United States they threatened to intercept Russian planes in their skies, and the crews of – delay.

Источник aif.ru

Heroes of the Russian Armed Forces in a special military operation in Ukraine

The Russian Defense Ministry spoke about the heroes of the special operation in Ukraine to protect the Donbass, which began on February 24. Read more — in the AiF.ru photo feed.

The commander of the anti-aircraft missile division, Captain Alexei Pankratov. On February 28, as a result of competent actions, well-aimed fire from Alexei Pankratov shot down one Su-25 and three Bayraktar attack drones of the Ukrainian Armed Forces. The next day, the forces of the division entrusted to Alexei Pankratov under his direct supervision destroyed two more enemy Bayraktars. © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Crimean senior sergeant Yuri Nimchenko. On the evening of February 24, during the attack of the Ukrainian military, the crew of the tank under the command of Yuriy Nimchenko, showing personal courage, destroyed 3 enemy tanks in the first minutes of the battle, disrupting the enemy offensive. The next morning, despite superior enemy forces, well-aimed fire destroyed 6 tanks and 3 armored personnel carriers, and also caused significant damage to enemy manpower, as a result of which another enemy attack was thwarted. © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Commander of a tank company of a separate coastal defense brigade, Senior Lieutenant Anton Starostin. The crew of the tank provided a breakthrough for the main forces to capture and hold the area of ​​the North Crimean Canal dam. On February 25, 8 armored personnel carriers and dozens of enemy soldiers were destroyed by aimed fire, which did not allow him to break through to the crossing. During the battle, a tank under the command of a Russian officer was attacked by the crew of the American Javelin missile system, as a result of which Anton Starostin received a concussion, but did not leave the battle. After making sure that the equipment was in good working order, the crew destroyed two more Ukrainian tanks. © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Fighter Aviation Regiment Navigator Major Viktor Dudin. On February 24, Viktor Dudin from the first call in a duel battle destroyed an enemy Su-27 fighter aircraft, preventing a strike on our troops. 2 days later, at an extremely low altitude of 400 m, Viktor Dudin instantly hit the Buk-M1 rocket launcher of the Ukrainian Armed Forces with a rocket. On February 28, Major Dudin, as part of a pair of fighters, flew to intercept two Ukrainian Su-27 aircraft. At an altitude of 10 thousand meters, the first rocket hit the enemy. On March 1, with the first missile launch, he destroyed an air target – a Ukrainian Su-27 fighter. © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Senior Lieutenant Nurmagomed Gadzhimagomedov. On February 24, in the column of the battalion tactical group, the officer advanced to occupy the bridgehead, which ensures the deployment of forces in the southern direction. The servicemen faced superior enemy forces, who, using the inhabitants of settlements as a human shield, opened fire to kill. During the battle, he was in the most dangerous area, confidently controlling the fire of the unit. He was surrounded, but at the same time he showed courage and blew himself up and the Ukrainian militants surrounding him with the last grenade. © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Colonel Alexei Bernhard. From the first minutes of the start of a special military operation to protect the DPR and LPR, together with his subordinates, he led offensive battles in the direction of Mariupol. On March 2, our units with a decisive throw broke through the enemy's defense in depth, which had been created over the course of eight years. Skillful leadership of the actions of subordinates made it possible to develop the offensive and contributed to the stampede of enemy units. © RF Ministry of Defense

Captain Alexei Lyovkin, commander of a tank company. During the advance to the line, the company was attacked by superior enemy forces from a pre-arranged ambush. Alexei personally destroyed 2 tanks and 3 enemy infantry fighting vehicles. During a long battle, the ammunition of a tank company was almost completely used up. The captain decided on an organized withdrawal of the unit to replenish ammunition. He ensured the withdrawal of the living and the removal of the wounded subordinate soldiers. Thanks to the officer's dedication, the forces of the tank company destroyed 8 tanks and 3 infantry fighting vehicles. © RF Ministry of Defense

The commander of the anti-aircraft missile division, Captain Alexei Pankratov. On February 28, as a result of competent actions, well-aimed fire from Alexei Pankratov shot down one Su-25 and three Bayraktar attack drones of the Ukrainian Armed Forces. The next day, the forces of the division entrusted to Alexei Pankratov under his direct supervision destroyed two more enemy Bayraktars. © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Crimean senior sergeant Yuri Nimchenko. On the evening of February 24, during the attack of the Ukrainian military, the crew of the tank under the command of Yuriy Nimchenko, showing personal courage, destroyed 3 enemy tanks in the first minutes of the battle, disrupting the enemy offensive. The next morning, despite superior enemy forces, well-aimed fire destroyed 6 tanks and 3 armored personnel carriers, and also caused significant damage to enemy manpower, as a result of which another enemy attack was thwarted. © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Commander of a tank company of a separate coastal defense brigade, Senior Lieutenant Anton Starostin. The crew of the tank provided a breakthrough for the main forces to capture and hold the area of ​​the North Crimean Canal dam. On February 25, 8 armored personnel carriers and dozens of enemy soldiers were destroyed by aimed fire, which did not allow him to break through to the crossing. During the battle, a tank under the command of a Russian officer was attacked by the crew of the American Javelin missile system, as a result of which Anton Starostin received a concussion, but did not leave the battle. After making sure that the equipment was in good working order, the crew destroyed two more Ukrainian tanks. © RF Ministry of Defense

Fighter Aviation Regiment Navigator Major Viktor Dudin. On February 24, Viktor Dudin from the first call in a duel battle destroyed an enemy Su-27 fighter aircraft, preventing a strike on our troops. 2 days later, at an extremely low altitude of 400 m, Viktor Dudin instantly hit the Buk-M1 rocket launcher of the Ukrainian Armed Forces with a rocket. On February 28, Major Dudin, as part of a pair of fighters, flew to intercept two Ukrainian Su-27 aircraft. At an altitude of 10 thousand meters, the first rocket hit the enemy. On March 1, with the first missile launch, he destroyed an air target – a Ukrainian Su-27 fighter. © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Senior Lieutenant Nurmagomed Gadzhimagomedov. On February 24, in the column of the battalion tactical group, the officer advanced to occupy the bridgehead, which ensures the deployment of forces in the southern direction. The servicemen faced superior enemy forces, who, using the inhabitants of settlements as a human shield, opened fire to kill. During the battle, he was in the most dangerous area, confidently controlling the fire of the unit. He was surrounded, but at the same time he showed courage and blew himself up and the Ukrainian militants surrounding him with the last grenade. © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Colonel Alexei Bernhard. From the first minutes of the start of a special military operation to protect the DPR and LPR, together with his subordinates, he led offensive battles in the direction of Mariupol. On March 2, our units with a decisive throw broke through the enemy's defense in depth, which had been created over the course of eight years. Skillful leadership of the actions of subordinates made it possible to develop the offensive and contributed to the stampede of enemy units. © RF Ministry of Defense

Captain Alexei Lyovkin, commander of a tank company. During the advance to the line, the company was attacked by superior enemy forces from a pre-arranged ambush. Alexei personally destroyed 2 tanks and 3 enemy infantry fighting vehicles. During a long battle, the ammunition of a tank company was almost completely used up. The captain decided on an organized withdrawal of the unit to replenish ammunition. He ensured the withdrawal of the living and the removal of the wounded subordinate soldiers. Thanks to the officer's dedication, the forces of the tank company destroyed 8 tanks and 3 infantry fighting vehicles. © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Источник aif.ru

The Commission of the State Duma recommended agreeing to the transfer of Rashkin’s case to the court

On March 4, the Duma Commission on Mandatory Issues recommended that the chamber agree to the submission of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation Igor Krasnov on the transfer of the case of the Communist Party deputy Valery Rashkin to the court. This was reported by TASS with reference to the head of the commission, Otari Arshba.

According to the head of the commission, all members of the commission, with the exception of two, voted for this decision.

In early February, the Basmanny Court of Moscow extended until March 29 the ban on certain actions to the State Duma deputy from the Communist Party Valery Rashkin, who is accused in a criminal case of illegal hunting. , visit hunting grounds, use means of communication and the Internet. Later, a magistrate deprived a deputy of a driver's license for a year and a half for refusing a medical examination.

Источник aif.ru

There is no threat to schools. Minister Kravtsov on whether the sanctions will affect education

Story Sanctions against Russia and Russia's retaliatory measures

Minister of EducationSergei Kravtsov told AiF how domestic education will cope under the sanctions. Will schools face a shortage of digital hardware and software software, technologies? What domestic developments already exist?

“No problems are expected in the education system,” assured the head of the Ministry of Education, S. Kravtsov. – We are financially secure and we understand what equipment is needed. Desks, chairs – All this is made in Russia. As for electronics, there are also domestic developments within the framework of national projects. From January 1 next year, we are switching to our state information system with domestic software. We have «Sferum» (Russian analogue Zoom, the application can be downloaded to a smartphone and videoconferencing– Ed.), which we are now adjusting and testing. We will use it. In this regard, the education system is ready, and we do not see any serious threats and problems. 

The minister also noted that more than 20,000 children were received in the Russian Federation from Donbass. All schoolchildren went to schools and kindergartens from Monday. Each child is assigned a senior student of the pedagogical direction -for accompaniment. Psychologists also work. "We look for 2-3 people in the class to create a comfortable environment. Meet teachers and parents. Be sure to show the city, conduct excursions. If there are specific facts that the child is not enrolled in a kindergarten or school, please let us know, we will take control,” the head of the department noted. Now most of the children from Donbass in Rostov , Voronezh, Belgorod, Volgograd and Moscow regions. Other regions are also ready to accept children. Specialists studied the school programs that children studied in the LPR and DPR. It turned out that they are basically the same, the discrepancy – 5-7%. 

Sergey Kravtsov also expressed the opinion that if foreign schools leave the Russian market, this will not affect the quality of domestic education in any way. & nbsp; ; We have high results in the quality of science education. And above the average for OECD countries, the assessment of the functional literacy of schoolchildren. Last year, our schoolchildren received the maximum number of medals in international olympiads. If the school (with a foreign founder – Ed.) decides to stop teaching, we are ready to teach further all students».

This week a big open online class at schools «Defenders of Peace», which was watched by more than 5 million people. During the broadcast, a hacker attack was recorded with 1.3 billion requests to "collapse" lesson. But failures were warned. The Ministry of Education sent materials to teachers on how to explain the situation in the world to children. Lessons on fake are conducted. There is a lot of unverified information on Instagrams, TikTok, social networks. The Minister stressed that the task of teachers now is to protect children from the information war waged against schoolchildren in order to involve them in destructive activities.

Источник aif.ru

What kind of British armored personnel carrier AT105 Saxon did the Ukrainian army leave?

The armed formations of Ukraine, retreating in the Donbass, sometimes abandon various military equipment. Among it began to come across and cars purchased abroad a few years ago. For example, British-made AT105 Saxon armored personnel carriers were seen. AiF.ru figured out what these machines were.

AT105 Saxon armored personnel carrier. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org

Saved

British Saxon armored vehicles entered service with the Ukrainian army in 2015. Prior to this, the equipment was re-equipped and tested at the test site. General Richard Dannatt, who headed the British General Staff from 2006 to 2009, called the purchase of this type of military equipment by the Ukrainian government “an immoral act”. In his opinion, the armored cars were “absolutely useless.”

The Saxon AT-105 in the British army was a kind of “battlefield taxi”; an armored vehicle capable of delivering a squad of fully armed infantrymen from ten people directly to the front line.

Saxon AT-105s were delivered to Ukraine, which were already decommissioned by the British Army in 2008, but underwent major repairs and are ready for operation.

Probably because of the attractive price. According to experts, the cost & nbsp; Saxon AT-105 was about $50 thousand. In comparison with other analogues that are offered on the arms market – this is bullshit. Prices for such armored vehicles start at $500,000-600,000, with roughly the same figures.

What is

Saxon AT-105 developed in the 1970s  years on the basis of the police armored car AT-104 and entered service with the British Army in the early 1980s. In the early 1990s, the British Ministry of Defense decommissioned the vehicles, and they were subsequently put up for sale. Saxons were in service with several countries, including Oman, Bahrain, Malaysia and Nigeria.

The secret of its success is in a well-designed armored hull. It has a V-shaped bottom and powerful armor, which makes it possible to withstand shelling not only from automatic weapons of 5.45 and 7.62 mm caliber, but also to survive a mine explosion with a capacity of up to 9 kg of TNT. Armored plates 16 mm thick saved a single life. Inside the body is additionally covered with anti-shatter plates. In addition to the protective function, they also hide sharp details and communications.

The chassis for the Saxon AT-105 was a four-wheel drive Bedford truck. The six-cylinder diesel General Motors Bedford “type 500” is considered standard. 164 hp, but there were also versions with a Cummins 6BT diesel engine. Gearbox automatic Allison AT540. The Saxon has a very powerful chassis.  All four wheels are driven, the drive to the front two can be turned off. The suspension of the wheels is conventional, using leaf springs and hydraulic shock absorbers.

Saxon is rather short  – only 5.17 m, and wheel base  it  – 3.07 m. But at the same time, its weight in combat condition is 11.6 tons (almost 10 tons when empty). 

All conveniences

The armored car for boarding and disembarking crew members and paratroopers has two doors in the aft part of the hull and one door on the starboard side. The crew consists of two people (commander and driver), whose seats are in front of the vehicle. Troopers (eight people) are located in the fighting compartment. The commander's seat is located behind the driver's seat. Along the axis of the vehicle, above the commander's seat in the roof of the hull, there is a four-sided commander's turret with observation devices and a hatch. True, getting into the driver's seat is very inconvenient, you have to lower the back, and then squeeze through the pedals.

On the track, the Saxon is stable, does not roam and reaches a cruising speed of 60 km/h. On a plowed field, an armored car rides without moving, powerfully and confidently. But it overcomes deep pits with a knock on the limiters.

Not the first time

As usual, this technique has already had unfortunate incidents. Almost exactly 7 years ago, a convoy of eight British Saxon armored cars had an accident near Kiev. One serviceman was killed.

The incident occurred on the 73rd kilometer of the Kyiv highway — Kharkov. Two armored cars received damage — one of the cars went into a ditch, the other crashed into a bump stop. The accident occurred due to the fact that the driver of one of the armored vehicles lost control. It was also reported about three cars involved in an accident.

Source

https://rg.ru/2022/03/03/otstupaiushchie-ukrainskie-vooruzhennye -formirovaniia-brosili-britanskij-btr.html

Источник aif.ru

When will meteorological spring come to Moscow?

Expert Answer 0 + –

A stable transition of the average daily temperature to zero in Moscow is expected around March 15–17. It is reported by “Evening Moscow” with reference to the leading specialist of the weather center «Phobos» Mikhail Leus.

He added that according to the new climatic norms, spring usually comes to Moscow around March 20–22.

 Why have weather forecasters not yet recorded a meteorological spring in Moscow, despite the warm weather?

According to the weather forecaster, the weather in the capital is sunny and dry, but at night it is still quite frosty. “On average, the temperature will be slightly above normal, and the birds are singing cheerfully, and the snow cover is actively decreasing. From this point of view, we can talk about the arrival of spring, », — Leus added.

However, weather forecasters call meteorological spring the weather in which the average daily air temperature steadily passes through zero towards positive marks. 

What will the weather be like in Moscow in the coming days?

According to the Phobos weather center, on Saturday, March 5, partly cloudy weather is predicted, the air temperature — 0°-2°C. Atmospheric pressure is within normal limits.

On Sunday, March 6, the city will have partly cloudy weather, at night the air temperature will be -3…-5°C, in the afternoon — 0…-2°C.

On Monday, March 7, partly cloudy and light snow will be in the afternoon in Moscow. At night, the thermometers will drop to -4…-6°C. The day will be — -1…+1°C.

On Tuesday, March 8, partly cloudy and light snow are also predicted, fog is possible. At night and during the day, the air temperature will be -3…-5°C.

 Sources: https://vm.ru/, https://www.meteovesti .ru/
 

Источник aif.ru

Abandoned positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation showed footage of destroyed tanks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine (APU) in the village of Gnutovo near Mariupol, liberated the day before. In addition, the footage shows Javelin man-portable anti-tank missile systems (ATGMs) abandoned by the Ukrainian military on the highway near the Lebedinsky settlement, abandoned positions in the village of Sartana. There are also shots of the distribution of food and water to the population in Berdyansk.

Details — in the AiF.ru photo feed

Destroyed tank of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the village of Hnutovo © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

© Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

© Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Destroyed tank of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the village of Gnutovo © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

© Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

© Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

A destroyed house in the village of Sartana © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Abandoned positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the village of Sartana © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

© Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

© Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Destroyed tank of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the village of Gnutovo © Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Ex-Minister of Education proposed to change the criteria for defending dissertations

Former Minister of Education of the Russian Federation Olga Vasilyeva believes that the criteria for defending a dissertation in the country should be revised in terms of the requirement for publication in foreign Web of Science and SCOPUS systems, Gazeta.ru reports.

“Against the background of ongoing events, the problem of orientation of scientometrics to publications in foreign journals is becoming more acute. We have been saying for a long time that the definition of the status and level of research and scientists on the basis of publication in publications included only in SCOPUS and Web of Science is erroneous, these structures are commercialized, — she said.

Vassilyeva suggested moving away from this practice by raising the status of Russian scientific publications. And she suggests not to delay the changes. The ex-minister stressed that we are not talking about isolating the Russian scientific community from the world. 

«We will continue to publish in leading journals, we need to help scientists and applicants in this. And it does not have to be publications from the USA, Germany or the UK. There are high-level magazines in China, Latin America, India,», — she added.

Earlier it became known that Norway would suspend cooperation with Russia in the field of science.

Источник aif.ru

Rector of “Shaninka” Zuev compensated part of the damage in the case – lawyer

The rector of the Moscow Higher School of Social and Economic Sciences (Shaninka) Sergey Zuev, accused in the case against ex-Deputy Minister of Education of the Russian Federation Marina Rakova on large-scale fraud, compensated part of the damage. This is reported by AGN "Moskva"with reference to lawyer Dmitry Kravchenko.

According to the interlocutor of the agency, the defendant paid six million rubles in two episodes of the case. “His family has made a decision on partial damages,” the lawyer explained. – Zuev agreed.

Initially, the scientist was under house arrest, but later the Moscow City Court granted the appeal of the prosecutor's office and transferred him to a pre-trial detention center.

The criminal case against Zuev, filed on the fact of embezzlement of money allocated as part of the implementation of the federal project “Teacher of the Year”.

In addition to Rakova and Zuev, former employees of the Foundation for New Forms of Education Development Yevgeny Zak and Maxim Inkin, executive director of the ” ;Shaninki» Kristina Kryuchkova, as well as Rakovoi's common-law husband Artur Stetsenko.

In early February, it was reported that the state of the rector of Shaninka Sergei Zuev satisfactory. Earlier, Zuev's lawyer Ruslan Kozhura noted that his client's condition is serious, he moves with difficulty. In this regard, the defense planned to file a petition for the release of the scientist on bail. Recall that Zuev did heart surgery shortly before his arrest.

Источник aif.ru

Federation Council approved imprisonment for calling for participation in illegal actions

At a plenary session on Friday, the Upper House of the Russian Parliament approved a law providing for the introduction of criminal liability for actions aimed at discrediting the use of the Russian Armed Forces, including calls for participation in unauthorized mass events.

The decision was unanimous, 154 senators voted in favor of the law.

For public actions aimed at discrediting the use of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, the person involved in the criminal case faces a fine of 100 thousand to 300 thousand rubles or in the amount of his salary for a period of up to two years. He may be punished in the form of forced labor for up to three years, or arrest from four months to six months, or imprisonment for up to three years with deprivation of the right to hold certain positions for the same period.

If the actions of the convict led to death by negligence or harm to the health of citizens, caused damage to property, massive violations of public order, interfered with the operation of transport or social infrastructure, the fine will be from 300 thousand to 1 million rubles, and the term of imprisonment – up to five years. Under this article of the Criminal Code, those who have already been brought to administrative responsibility for a similar offense during the year will be punished.

Andrey Klishas, ​​head of the Federation Council committee on constitutional legislation and state building, called the spread of fakes about the actions of Russian troops or their discredit “not just destabilization of the situation” in the current situation, but in fact an “information war against the Russian state.”

The law provides for punishment for public actions aimed at discrediting the use of the RF Armed Forces to protect the interests of the country and citizens. For this, you will have to pay a fine in the amount of 100 to 300 thousand rubles or income for a period of one to two years. A call for the introduction or extension of sanctions against the Russian Federation is punishable by a fine of up to 500 thousand rubles. The maximum penalty for this offense – a prison term of up to three years.

For calls to participate in unauthorized actions against the actions of the military of the Russian Federation, administrative penalties are provided. For individuals, the fine will be from 50 to 100 thousand rubles, for legal entities – from 500 thousand to one million rubles.

Recall that on February 24, Vladimir Putin announced a special operation in the Donbass. The President then stressed that the plans of the Russian authorities do not include the occupation of Ukraine.

Источник aif.ru

Delivery and distribution of humanitarian aid in Melitopol

A humanitarian consignment with a total volume of over 110 tons was delivered from the Republic of Crimea to the Ukrainian city of Melitopol, located in the south of the Zaporozhye region of Ukraine, to provide assistance to the local population.

The cargo includes food products – cereals, canned meat and fish, confectionery and bakery products, sweets and sweets, bottled drinking water. The security of the humanitarian convoy was ensured by Russian servicemen.

Booking.com stopped working in Russia

The Booking.com online hotel booking service has stopped working with accommodations in Russia and Belarus, TASS reports.

“There are no properties matching your search criteria. Try again, — stated in the service message on the website.

It is noted that the search and booking of hotels abroad in the service is still available. The company's press service has not yet responded to the request.

Earlier, Airbnb CEO Brian Chesky announced that the accommodation booking service will suspend its activities in Russia and Belarus.

Meanwhile, the expert&nbsp ;explained whether Russians should now buy housing.

Источник aif.ru

Who are combatants and non-combatants, and what are they supposed to do in combat conditions?

The division of participants in armed conflicts into combatants and non-combatants is associated with a different scope of rights and duties during during hostilities, which affects the regime of military captivity. In order not to get confused, AiF.ru found out the meaning of these words.

Who are they?

Military operations are carried out by the armed forces of the belligerent states. In the law of armed conflict, armed forces are divided into two categories of persons: those who fight, or combatants, and those that do not fight, or non-combatants. The word comes from from French combattant — fighter, warrior.

Combatants

Combatants — these are persons who are members of the armed forces of a belligerent state, who have the right to take part in hostilities. The legal status of a combatant includes the right to use military force, to be the object of the use of military force up to  physical destruction, the right to treat as prisoner-of-war in the event of falling into hands of the enemy. Military force is not applied to a combatant in case of injury or capture.

Non-combatants

Non-combatants include persons who are part of the armed forces of the belligerent side, provide it with every possible assistance in achieving military success, but do not directly participate in military actions. The main feature of the legal status of a non-combatant — non-participation in combat operations.

Non-combatants are military spiritual and medical personnel, quartermasters, war correspondents, lawyers, and others. On the one hand, these persons cannot be the object of hostilities of the enemy, and on the other — may use their weapons only for the purposes of self-defense and protection of the property entrusted to them. Therefore, non-combatants have the right to  protection from the enemy's side if they are in hand of hands.

If non-combatants take a direct part in the fighting, they lose their status — become combatants, and only then can weapons be used against them.

Background

The legal definition of combatants (combatants) was formulated in 1907 at the 2nd Hague Conference in the Convention on the laws and customs of war on land (hereinafter referred to as the IV Hague Convention). Only then, after long discussions, were criteria established by which it was possible to distinguish combatants from other participants in armed conflicts. Since the difference between the regular army soldiers is not in doubt, then basically, these criteria were created to help in the separation of the militia and volunteer detachments from the civilian population.

With the development and improvement of the law of armed conflicts, the circle of persons belonging to combatants has expanded. Thus, according to the provisions of the Geneva Conventions of 1949                         personnel of the militia and  volunteer detachments, included and not included in the armed forces; personnel of organized resistance movements and partisan formations, if they meet the following conditions. He should be headed by a person responsible for his subordinates, a certain and clearly visible from a distance distinctive sign, they can openly carry weapons, observe in their actions the laws and customs of war. These include crew members of merchant ships and civil aviation who are directly involved in hostilities, the population of the non-occupied territory, who takes up arms if they openly carry weapons and observe the laws and customs of war.

The novelty of modern international law is the enrollment of partisans and participants of national liberation wars to combatants. Although the provision that they must have distinct signs and openly carry weapons in order to have combatant status has been questioned, since the specifics of the partisan and national liberation struggle provide for a certain level of secrecy in certain military operations. However, the indisputable condition is that partisans and persons participating in the national liberation struggle must adhere to the laws and customs of war.

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“Good deeds cannot be glorified.” History of the Professional Complainant

They write dozens of complaints a year to various authorities. They are dissatisfied with neighbors, the state, shopping in the store. What draws litigants to make constant scandals?

46-year-old Elenafrom St. Petersburg lives alone. Recently she has addressed to the psychologist. A woman is inexorably drawn to sue and write various complaints to various authorities. As she herself admits, “you can’t become famous for good deeds.”

“I cook in this”

Elena has been expressive since childhood. Like an actor on stage, she was hyper-emotional. She liked to attract the attention of her classmates. This emotionality passed with a woman into adulthood.

“I'm bored doing good deeds, even though I consider them charitable, — Elena admits. — I cook in this.

Elena's friends tell her that she makes scandals from scratch, but the woman does not listen to others and continues to scribble one complaint after another. Recently, she wrote a statement to the police against a neighbor who, according to Elena, installed a video recording camera in the wrong place.

“This is a common area, and the neighbor had to ask permission from the residents. She didn't, and that's why I went to the police. Let them check the legality», — the woman explains her behavior.

After the police did not consider her application, according to Elena, properly, she complained to the prosecutor's office. Already to the police.

“I like to complain”

Elena scandalizes literally with everyone: neighbors, girlfriends, sellers, and even with her own husband. Apparently, unable to withstand the heavy psychological pressure, the man took a mistress. When Elena found out about this, she took revenge harshly. She cheated on him in response, so much so that the whole city knew about it.

“I punished him, and everyone in the city poked a finger at him, laughed at him,” — the woman admits.

When Elena began to realize that it was with her behavior, and not with all the people around her, that something was wrong, she turned to a psychologist. But even from him she hid that at the time of psychotherapy she continues to sue and complain.

“I was afraid to seem to the psychologist as an ugly and dishonorable person, — Elena explains. — But I really like to complain. This process is pulling me in. It seems that all the attention is focused only on you.

Now Elena uses gadgets and social networks to complain. After all, it is no longer necessary to go to complain to the court or the prosecutor's office and the police. It is enough to write some revealing post on your page in social networks.

“It fills my life with meaning, — says Elena, 46. — And these likes and reposts bring me pleasure. The psychologist said that I need to change my habits and stop attracting people's attention in this way, but I don't know if I need it.

Fighting too much for the truth

“People with litigious tendencies are classified as psychopaths. According to the international classification of diseases, this is called „paranoid personality disorder“, — says practicing psychologist, member of the Association for Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapy Pyotr Galigabarov. — As such, there is no litigious personality disorder in the classification of diseases. There is a querulant form of paranoia and querulant delusions. This diagnosis is made by a psychiatrist.

The psychologist notes that querulants are most often people of age. They write complaints on any occasion, strictly record and receive feedback. Querulant people believe that everyone around them owes them: the authorities, those around them, neighbors, sellers and others.

“Querulants themselves are unlikely to realize that they are overly fighting for the truth. They perceive their behavior as normal. After all, the world must and must do so, and not otherwise, — says Pyotr Galigabarov. — If they do not cause physical harm to themselves or others, then doctors do not have the right to forcibly treat them. Therefore, when law enforcement agencies send information to a psychiatric hospital about a „getting“ their endless complaints to a person, medical workers, as a rule, have no legal grounds even to conduct an examination.

There are no special tricks to communicate with the complainant. According to the psychologist, one should speak with a querulant the same way as with any person with his own opinion: patiently, calmly, respecting his own and his boundaries.

“If they write complaints about you, but they don’t show any other aggression, then you should listen to the complainant carefully, without entering into an aggressive confrontation, — says Pyotr Galigabarov. — By assessing the state of mind of a querulant, you can change your attitude towards his behavior.

“Bounce” from the effects of a querulant is possible if you master effective ways of emotional self-regulation or go in for sports. At the same time, it is worth remembering that you cannot change the querulant.

It's another matter if complaints are written against your institution. According to Peter Galigabarov, in this case it is worth acting in accordance with the local regulations of the organization.

«It is necessary that the employees of your institution learn emotional self-regulation, — says the psychologist. — But  if there is a threat to life and health, then you should immediately contact law enforcement agencies.

As for Elena, thanks to working with a psychologist, she realized that she was constantly fighting against “windmills”. But I still haven’t learned to live without complaining about others.

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Biological bomb of Ukraine. What did the Americans work on in the laboratories?

Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrovstated that, according to Russian data, the Americans are very concerned about the situation with their military laboratories in Kyiv and Odessa. “The Pentagon in” Ukraine has actively built two biological military laboratories and has been developing pathogens there. Now they are worried that they will lose control of these laboratories, — said the head of the diplomatic department.

According to experts over the years of independence of Ukraine on its territory a dozen American biolaboratories were opened. Their activities, in particular, are associated with outbreaks of infections in the east of the country, which have not previously occurred there. And the beginning of the special operation of the Russian troops coincided with the expected commissioning of two such laboratories near Odessa and Kyiv. Sergey Lavrov meant them.

On papers — quite peaceful institutions

The presence in Ukraine of American laboratories for experiments with viruses was officially recognized by the US Embassy in April 2020. Then the opposition deputies of the Verkhovna Rada sent a request to Vladimir Zelensky, and this fact was confirmed. True, the Ukrainian Ministry of Health denied everything, but the American embassy itself admitted that “The US Department of Defense, in cooperation with” the Ukrainian government, is working on the peaceful study of dangerous viruses.

It turned out that Ukraine gave the go-ahead to the Americans for the construction of biological laboratories after the “orange” revolution by signing an agreement with the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). These laboratories were one of the points of the plan to pump up the country with military infrastructure, although on paper they are quite peaceful research institutions operating exclusively for medical purposes.

To be honest, Ukraine is not unique in this regard. The  USA has more than 400 such facilities in different countries, the program involves about 13 thousand scientists working with the most dangerous viruses, while they do not publish any publications in scientific peer-reviewed journals. So, more than ten laboratories (they are called reference) were deployed in Georgia, where, according to the former adviser to Saakashvili, Jeffrey Silverman, they worked, for example, with bubonic plague. In previous years, the presence of American research centers in Armenia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Tajikistan was reported.

The official reason given for the creation of such laboratories outside   —— strict biosecurity standards in America itself. In other words, scientific work with the most dangerous pathogens is prohibited there and is strictly controlled. Another thing — developing countries.

“They simply removed these dangerous laboratories from their territory. And now acting like in a grey area, — microbiologist, biological and chemical weapons expert Igor Nikulin explained in interview MK.    In these laboratories, military virologists test their latest developments on a specific gene pool: on humans, animals, and plants. And  China, by the way, is also surrounded by American biological laboratories.

Why were biomaterials collected in Russia?

Of course, we are more concerned about the laboratories near the borders of Russia. After all, the territory of the same Ukraine adjoins the densely populated regions of our south. And there is reason to believe that some DTRA labs, among other things, developed ethnic biological weapons — bacteria and viruses that selectively affect people of a certain nationality or carriers of a specific genotype. Being infected with such a pathogen, a person may not even guess that he is being deliberately destroyed. At the same time, other ethnic groups will be less sensitive to the pathogen.

The need to create ethnically specific bioagents was expressed, for example, in 1999CIA director George Tennet. And already in the 21st century, in various regions of Russia, cases of collection and export of samples of biomaterials by foreigners were recorded. This was done under a variety of pretexts — for example, to create a family tree, determine hereditary diseases, etc.

Five years ago, the targeted collection of Russian biomaterials by foreign specialists was publicly noticedVladimir Putin. At a Council for the development of civil society and human rights meeting in 2017, he said: “Do you know that biological material is collected all over the country? Moreover, according to & nbsp; different ethnic groups and & nbsp; people living in & nbsp; different geographical points of the Russian Federation. Here is the question: why is this being done?»

It is noteworthy that after the signing of an agreement with DTRA by the Ukrainian authorities, outbreaks of diseases began to occur on the territory of their country, which had not previously been observed there. In  2011, in  Kharkiv (one of reference laboratories is located in this city) 12 cadets were hospitalized with  diagnosis "swine flu". In 2016, several soldiers died from a severe form of this infection. And three years later, a plague-like disease was detected in Donetsk region. And servicemen suffered again.

…In July 2021, DTRA signed a contract to upgrade two research centers in Ukraine and equip them with equipment. Both laboratories (one in  Kyiv, the other — in Odessa) were supposed to start working before the end of February 2022 . But the Russian military operation thwarted these plans. A couple of days later, on February 26, information about biological laboratories in Kyiv and Odessa was removed from the website of the US Embassy in Ukraine. And it's a lot like trying to cover your tracks.

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