According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, Ukrainian servicemen from Zmeiny Island are planned to be sent home “after legal procedures are completed”
Surrendered Ukrainian servicemen defending Zmeiny Island were delivered to Sevastopol, said the Deputy Commander of the Black Sea Fleet for logistics support Mikhail Yasnikov, RIA Novosti reports. a group of 82 Ukrainian servicemen was delivered from Zmeiny Island, who laid down their arms and decided to return to their families,— Yasnikov said.
According to him, after going through legal procedures and agreeing with the Ukrainian side, the servicemen will be sent home to Ukraine. The prisoners were provided with dry rations and bottled water.
Snake Island is located about 35 km from the coast of the Odessa region of Ukraine, it housed a garrison of Ukrainian border guards. On the night of February 26, the State Border Service of Ukraine reported that control over the island had been lost. Later, the Russian Ministry of Defense also announced the occupation of Zmeiny Island.
On February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a military operation in the Donbass, stating that its ultimate goal— “demilitarization and denazification” Ukraine. The Russian Ministry of Defense reported that the troops took full control of Melitopol, blocked Kyiv from the western side, and also completely blocked the cities of Chernihiv, Sumy, Konotop.
Ukraine is discussing with the EU assistance to the country in combat conditions
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy on his Instagram announced that he had held talks with the President of the European Council Charles Michel and said that the “decisive moment” was coming; to close the issue of the country's membership in the EU.
“The decisive moment has come to close once and for all the long-term discussion and decide on Ukraine's membership in the EU”,— he said in social networks and said that he had discussed with Charles Michel “the effective help and heroic struggle of Ukrainians for their free future.”
In 2014, Ukraine and the European Union signed an Association Agreement. The conflict around the signing of this document was one of the reasons for the Euromaidan, which resulted in the overthrow of the country's President Viktor Yanukovych. In 2019, the Ukrainian President, Petro Poroshenko, announced the country's plans to apply for EU membership in 2024.
Ukraine's desire to join the European Union and NATO is officially enshrined in the country's Constitution.
In As a result of the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine, the EU has consistently decided to impose two packages of sanctions against Russia and the country's elite. In general, EU sanctions relate to the financial, defense, energy, aviation and space sectors of Russia.
In addition, the European Union imposed sanctions against members of the Russian Security Council and personally against President Vladimir Putin.
On February 24, Vladimir Putin announced the start of a military operation in Ukraine, explaining his decision by Russia's self-defense, as well as “demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine».
French President Macron: “War” in Ukraine will be long According to Macron, the crisis around Ukraine will continue. It will have an impact on the French agricultural sector and exports, in particular wine and cereals, the President warned /756458625794557.jpg” alt=”Macron warned of “long war” in Ukraine” />
“War” in Ukraine will be long, and France must prepare for it, President Emmanuel Macron said at an agricultural exhibition in Paris.
“War has returned to Europe. <…> It will be long-term and will have consequences for agriculture,” — he said (quote from Le Figaro).
According to Macron, the situation in Ukraine will affect French exports. He mentioned “wine markets” and noted that the consequences could also affect crops, radio station France Info reports.
The current crisis will continue, and we need to “resolutely prepare” for it, the president said, adding that the authorities are developing a plan to maintain resilience in the agricultural sector.
Macron had previously called on Russia to end its military operation in Ukraine. The day before, February 25, he held talks with President Vladimir Putin. According to Macron, it was a “sincere, direct and quick conversation.” The French president asked Putin to hold talks with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and “stop the fighting as soon as possible.” Putin, in turn, during the conversation gave Macron “exhaustive explanations” reasons and circumstances of the military operation in Ukraine, the Kremlin press service reported.
Russia launched a special operation in Ukraine on February 24. In the Kremlin, its goals were called the liberation of the country from “pro-Nazi people”; and neutralization of “fairly” the recently grown military potential. According to President Vladimir Putin, Russia must protect the population of Donbass from “genocide” on the part of the Ukrainian authorities and ensure their security against the backdrop of strengthening NATO in the east and “pumping” Kyiv with weapons from the West.
In Ukraine, Russia was accused of declaring war and “full-scale invasion”. The Russian Foreign Ministry does not consider the actions in Ukraine to be a war. “This is not the beginning of a war, this is the prevention of the development of the situation, which may or could lead to a global military confrontation, and the end of the war that was waged [in the Donbass],” — said the representative of the department, Maria Zakharova.
The metro in Kyiv has ceased to carry passengers, the stations are working as a shelter in case of an air raid. Mayor Vitali Klitschko urged citizens to stay at home or in shelters Metro in Kyiv switched to operation in shelter mode” />
The Kiev metro switched to operation mode only as a shelter, trains between stations will not run. The mayor of the city Vitali Klitschko announced this in his Telegram.
Earlier, the Kyiv State City Administration announced the closure of train traffic on only one line out of three.
On February 24, the city subway canceled the fare. A number of stations— “Beresteyskaya”, “Nivki”, “Svyatoshyn” and Zhitomirskaya, where trains did not run, began to be used to shelter people in case of an air raid.
Klitschko called on the people of Kiev, with the exception of those who work at critical infrastructure enterprises, stay at home or in shelters. “We're protecting our city!” he wrote.
On February 25, the mayor announced that Kyiv had “entered a phase of defense,” the city administration warned of the threat of an air raid. Earlier in the day, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said that the “bombing” residential areas of Kyiv were exposed.
On the morning of February 24, Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine, the purpose of which President Vladimir Putin called “demilitarization” country. The next day, the Ministry of Defense reported that the Russian military blocked the Ukrainian capital from the western side and occupied the Gostomel airfield near Kiev.
Major General Igor Konashenkov said that the military during the operation in Ukraine used long-range precision weapons using cruise missiles against objects of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. According to him, the strikes do not damage residential and social infrastructure. Earlier TASS and RIA Novosti citing sources in the Ministry of Defense, they said that the Russian military did not strike at the Ukrainian capital.
Vladimir Putin on Thursday announced the start of an operation in the Donbass. The Ministry of Defense reported that the military infrastructure of Ukraine is being disabled by high-precision means. Where do the reports about hostilities come from – in the RBC material
Russian Ministry of Defensestated that nothing threatens the civilian population, there are no strikes on cities. According to the agency, high-precision weapons are incapacitating Ukrainian aviation, air defense and military infrastructure. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky also announced airstrikes on military infrastructure. Martial law has been declared in Ukraine.
Follow all the operational information about what is happening in RBC text broadcast.
By February 25, the Russian Ministry of Defensereported that more than 150 Ukrainian servicemen laid down their arms and surrendered, 118 military infrastructure facilities were disabled (among them: 11 military airfields, 13 command posts and communication centers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, 14 S-300 and Osa anti-aircraft missile systems, 36 radar stations).
According to the Ministry of Defense, on February 24, the Russian military took control of the territory of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and agreed with the Ukrainian military to jointly ensure its security.
According to Ministry of Defense on February 26,The Russian military hit 821 military targets in Ukraine. In particular, seven combat aircraft, seven helicopters and nine drones were shot down, 87 tanks and other combat vehicles were destroyed.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskystated that on the night of February 25 “they began to bomb residential areas of the hero city of Kyiv.” The UNIAN agency also reported about the sounds of explosions, and the Ukrainian Ministry of Emergency Situations reported that after hitting an “explosive object” a 16-storey building caught fire in the city. Russia did not carry out missile strikes on Kiev, the Russian news agencies TASS and RIA Novosti reported. with reference to sources of the Ministry of Defense. “The appearance of a bright torch in the night sky on February 25 over Kiev, followed by its fall on a residential building in the Ukrainian capital, has a completely different explanation. Last night, a Su-27 fighter of the Ukrainian Air Force performed air patrol missions over Kiev. By mistake, one of the Ukrainian air defense anti-aircraft missile systems stationed near Kiev identified it as a target and attacked from regular means, — said a source of state agencies in the military department.
Ukrainian General Staff reported missile and bomb attacks on airfields in Borispol, Ozerny, Kulbakino, Chuguev, Kramatorsk, Chernobaevka and military facilities of the Ukrainian Armed Forces. They also claim shelling of the territory and settlements of Ukraine along the state border.
Пborder service of Ukrainereported on hostilities at the border sections in the Luhansk, Sumy, Kharkiv, Chernihiv and Zhytomyr regions, as well as from the Crimean side. The service also said that “two unidentified targets” approached the Snake Island in the Odessa region and demanded that the Ukrainian border guards surrender. Also, the border service announced the offensive of Russian troops from the city of Konotop. On February 25, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported that 82 Ukrainian soldiers had laid down their arms and surrendered in the area of Zmeiny Island, they were being asked to sign a refusal to take part in the fighting, and they would soon return to their families.
The DSP of the FSB of Russia on February 24reported that at 13:00 Ukrainian border guards left all positions on the border with Russia.
FSB Border Guard in the Krasnodar Territoryreported that in the Sea of Azov, two civilian ships came under rocket fire from the Ukrainian military from Mariupol. We are talking about the vessels SGV-Flot and Serafim Sarovsky.
Russian SKreported on direct hits of shells on the settlements of the Belgorod and Rovno districts of the Belgorod region. According to the department, there is a child among the victims, and a residential building was destroyed. A criminal case has been initiated.
Information from Emercom of Ukraine about fires in military warehouses:
Also from the Ukrainian Ministry of Emergency Situations.
Polish border service: more than 47 thousand people crossed the border from Ukraine per day The border service noted that people arrive in the country on foot and in cars. Earlier, the UN estimated that 100,000 Ukrainians left their homes due to hostilities, most of them moved to the borders of Poland and Moldova
47.5 thousand people entered Poland from Ukraine on February 25 people, the Polish border service reports.
According to the decision of the Polish command, at all automobile checkpoints on the border with Ukraine, those who came on foot are also registered.
The United Nations estimates that at least 100,000 people have been forced to leave their homes due to the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine. Most of them went to the border with Poland and Moldova.
Poland, among other countries, has previously declared its readiness to accept refugees from Ukraine. Deputy Interior Minister Pavel Shefernaker reported that eight refugee reception centers were being set up near the Ukrainian border.
In addition to Poland, the EU and the United States have declared their readiness to accept refugees from Ukraine. The head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, admitted that the Russian military operation could provoke a crisis due to the large number of people who want to leave the country. “We hope there will be few refugees, but we are fully prepared to receive them,” — she said.
In turn, White House press secretary Jen Psaki noted that the United States is negotiating with European partners and is ready to accept part of the refugees themselves if the need arises. “We also expect that many, if not most, of them will be willing to travel to neighboring countries,” — she clarified.
The first refugees from the territory of the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics (DPR and LPR), who began to evacuate their citizens to Russia on February 18, were received by Russia. In three days, by February 22, 90 thousand people had already entered the country, said the acting head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, Alexander Chupriyan. At the same time, he did not rule out that the total number of refugees who came to Russia could reach 500,000 people. Previously, only in the DPR they said that they could evacuate up to 700 thousand refugees to Russia.
In turn, UN Secretary General António Guterres said that about 100 thousand people were forced to leave their homes in Ukraine due to hostilities. people.
Russia has been conducting a military operation in Ukraine since February 24th. President Vladimir Putin argued that this was necessary to protect the civilian population “from genocide.” Ukraine's Permanent Representative to the UN Serhiy Kislitsa said on the day the operation began that Russia had “declared war”.
Roskosmos website was subjected to a DDoS attack from abroad, the state corporation reports in Telegram.
«Roscosmos website» exposed to DDoS attack from foreign servers at night. Technical experts carry out the necessary measures to neutralize the attack. Due to the current situation, the loading time of the site pages may be increased»,— the message says.
At the time of preparation of the material, the Roskosmos website was available but delayed.
DDoS attacks on the websites of Russian companies and media began after Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a special military operation in Ukraine on February 24. He explained this decision by the protection of the population and the need for “demilitarization and denazification”; Ukraine.
Earlier, on February 26, Russian Railways reported an attack on its portal. (RUSSIAN RAILWAYS). The company was included in the sanctions list of the EU, the USA and Canada. The restrictions imposed by the European Union and the United States also affected the activities of Roskosmos. In particular, Washington has limited the export of microelectronics to Russia. In response, the head of Roskosmos Dmitry Rogozin said that access to radiation-resistant microelectronics for space purposes was closed back in 2014, but the company has established production with domestic components.
In addition to Roscosmos, and Russian Railways, DDoS attacks on their websites were reported by many Russian media outlets, including RBC, RIA Novosti, TASS, RT, and Lenta.ru. RBC development director Anna Abramova said that during the attack on the site, a thousand requests were received at the entrance of one visitor, it was about 2.5 thousand requests per minute. At the same time, most of the IP addresses, according to her, were located abroad. The attackers demanded to stop disinformation in the Russian media in English, Russian and Ukrainian.
In addition, the administration of Sevastopol reported about DDOS attacks on government sites on February 25, a day earlier, users experienced crashes during the work of the websites of the Kremlin, the government and both houses of parliament. Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov denied this information and said that everything is working fine.
Russia, due to the suspension of membership in the Council of Europe and PACE, has a reason to “forget about the senseless almshouses” and return the death penalty, Medvedev said. Klishas recalled that the moratorium was introduced by the Constitutional Court, government agencies cannot change this position ” alt=”Medvedev saw in the suspension of membership in the Council of Europe a reason to return the death penalty” />
Suspension of Russia's membership in the Council of Europe and PACE— this is “a good opportunity to restore a number of important institutions to prevent especially serious crimes in the country,” said Dmitry Medvedev, deputy chairman of the Security Council, former president and ex-prime minister of Russia.
He explained that he meant the death penalty, “which, by the way, is actively used in the United States and China.”
According to Medvedev, the restriction on membership in the Council of Europe— “a good reason to finally slam the door and forget about these meaningless almshouses forever.”
The head of the constitutional committee of the Federation Council Andrey Klishas in a conversation with RIA Novosti recalled that the moratorium on the death penalty in Russia was introduced by the Constitutional Court (CC), and no authority can overcome this position. “I have expressed my position many times. She hasn't changed,— he said.
The day before, due to the Russian military operation in Ukraine, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe decided to limit Russia's rights in this organization. The Council clarified that this does not mean an exception: Russia remains a member of the organization and a party to the relevant CE conventions, including the European Convention on Human Rights, therefore, a Russian judge in the ECtHR remains a member of the court. Suspension— this is a temporary measure, leaving open channels of communication, assured the CE.
In the Soviet Union and Russia, until the mid-1990s, courts imposed the death penalty for various criminal offences. The moratorium on it appeared in 1997, after Russia entered the Council of Europe and signed Protocol No. 6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights on the abolition of the death penalty in peacetime. It was not ratified, but from that moment on, the death penalty in Russia is prohibited in accordance with the Vienna Convention. In fact, it has not been used since 1996. The ban on its use was extended in 2009 by a decision of the Constitutional Court.
In 2017, the chairman of the Investigative Committee, Alexander Bastrykin, said that the moratorium on the death penalty in the country can only be lifted following a referendum.
Last December, the possibility of returning the death penalty in Russia at a certain historical stage was admitted by the head of the Constitutional Court, Valery Zorkin. He considered that the issue of this could not be closed as long as the practice of premeditated killings existed. Pavel Krasheninnikov, Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Legislation and State Building, commenting on Zorkin's point of view, said that lifting the moratorium on capital punishment in the country is impossible for legal and emotional reasons. The parliamentarian pointed out that many judicial errors are made in Russia and other states, and the death penalty— an irreversible situation: “We have passed this period, and I hope we will not return to it.”
Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a military operation in Ukraine on the morning of February 24, explaining his decision by “demilitarization and denazification of Ukraine. Many states condemned the actions of the Russian authorities and imposed sanctions against the country that affected the financial, defense, energy, aviation and other sectors. In addition, the European Union has introduced restrictions against members of the Security Council, including Medvedev. He declared that “these wonderful prohibitions, of course, will not change anything.”
Dmitry Medvedev: In case of seizure of Russian assets abroad, it is necessary to respond symmetrically https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/2/13/756458665368132.jpg” alt=”Medvedev called the condition for the arrest of funds of foreigners in Russia” />
In case the arrest of money from Russians and domestic companies abroad should be answered symmetrically, said Dmitry Medvedev, deputy chairman of the Russian Security Council. This is how he commented on the sanctions against members of the Security Council adopted in connection with the military operation in Ukraine.
According to him, Russia is being intimidated that such measures will concern “just everyone, without any sanctions.”
“But this will have to be answered quite symmetrically. The arrest of funds of foreigners and foreign companies in Russia according to the country principle. And maybe also the nationalization of the property of those persons who have registration in hostile jurisdictions, — wrote Medvedev on his page on VKontakte.
Among the “unfriendly jurisdictions” The deputy chairman of the Security Council referred the United States, the EU countries and “a number of singing states of the Anglo-Saxon world that will take part in this.”
He added that Russia has rich experience and a law “on this subject.” “So the fun is just getting started,” — Medvedev added.
In his opinion, the sanctions will not change anything, including Moscow's decision on the operation in the Donbass, but they are accepted “out of political impotence”.
On the morning of February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a special military operation in Ukraine. He claims that her goal— protection of the population, “demilitarization and denazification” Ukraine. Putin added that Russia does not plan to occupy Ukrainian territories, and the Ministry of Defense stated that strikes were being carried out on military targets.
Ukraine and Western countries called the incident an aggression. Sanctions were imposed on Russia by the US, the EU, Britain and a number of other countries. Medvedev, in particular, was included in the EU sanctions list.
Sanctions against Russia by Western countries will not change its position, Moscow will conduct a military operation in Ukraine until it reaches the goals set by the president, wrote Deputy Chairman of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev on his page “VKontakte”.
“These wonderful bans, of course, will not change anything. This is clear even to ignorant people in the State Department. Including the decision to conduct a military operation to protect the Donbass. It will be carried out in full, until all the results that the President of Russia spoke about are achieved,— he said, speaking about the decision of the European Union to impose sanctions against him and other members of the Council.
The material is being supplemented
Roskomnadzor sent notifications to ten Russian media outlets demanding to restrict access to false information “about the shelling of Ukrainian cities and the death of civilians in Ukraine”, according to the website of the service.
Notifications sent to such media as “Echo of Moscow”, “InoSMI”, “Mediazona” (recognized as a foreign agent), “New Times”, “Rain” (recognized as a foreign agent), “Free Press”, “Crimea.Realities” (recognized as a foreign agent), “Novaya Gazeta”, “Journalist” and “Lenizdat”. RBC turned to this media for comment.
On these resources, “under the guise of reliable reports, socially significant untrue information about the shelling of Ukrainian cities and the death of civilians in Ukraine as a result of the actions of the Russian Army, as well as materials, in which the ongoing operation is called an attack, an invasion, or a declaration of war,” Roskomnadzor said in a statement.
If these media do not remove the specified information, access to them will be restricted in accordance with Art. 15.3 of Federal Law No. 149-FZ “On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection”.
The material is being supplemented.
The border post was fired upon after Russia launched a special operation in the Donbass. At the beginning of the week, before this operation, another border post in the Rostov region was destroyed by a shell
The border checkpoint Tetkino in the Kursk region came under shelling, which was carried out from the side of Ukraine, TASS reported with reference to FSB Public Relations Center. According to the department, the border post was fired at around 09:40 Moscow time, no one was injured.
“The firing point was suppressed by return fire from Russian border guards”,— reported in the FSB.
On the outskirts of the village of Tetkino (partially along the Seim River) is the border between Russia and Ukraine (Sumy region).
This is the second border point, in which was hit by a shell that arrived from Ukraine. On February 21, the FSB reported that a Russian border checkpoint in the Rostov region, which is located 150m from the border controlled by the DPR forces, came under fire. The shell completely destroyed the building, there were no casualties. On the fact of what happened, the Investigative Committee of Russia opened a case under Part 3 of Art. 30, part 2, art. 105 of the Criminal Code (attempted murder in a generally dangerous way).
The Armed Forces of Ukraine stated that they did not fire at the Russian border checkpoint.
On February 24, Russia launched an operation in the Donbass. Russian President Vladimir Putin explained it by the need to protect the population and “stop the genocide.” He emphasized that Moscow does not plan to “occupy” Ukrainian territories. The Ministry of Defense, in turn, reported that the strikes were carried out only on military facilities in Ukraine and there was no threat to the civilian population.
President Volodymyr Zelensky called on world leaders to provide Kiev with “large-scale defense assistance” and “close the airspace over Ukraine” for Russia.
Ukraine severed diplomatic relations with Russia after the start of the military operation. The consequences of the break can be assessed by the example of the termination of relations between Georgia and Russia in 2008 ” alt=”What does the break in diplomatic relations between Russia and Ukraine mean” />
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky on February 24 announced the severance of diplomatic relations with Russia. This happened after the start of Russia's military operation in Ukraine. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced it on the morning of February 24. “The purpose of the operation” protection of people who “are subjected to bullying, genocide by the Kiev regime”, — Putin said.
The Russian military is delivering targeted strikes against military infrastructure, military bases and airfields in Ukraine, the Russian Defense Ministry said. The civilian population is not in danger, the ministry said.
President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky received a request from the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry to break off diplomatic relations on February 21. He will consider and work it out, he said then. The next day, a deputy from the European Solidarity party Oleksiy Goncharenko submitted a draft resolution on the break to the Verkhovna Rada, and the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry summoned Vasily Pokatilo, Chargé d'Affaires of the republic in Russia, from Moscow for consultations. Both the request to break off diplomatic relations and the recall of the charge d'affaires were Kiev's response to Russia's recognition of the independence of the Luhansk and Donetsk People's Republics.
At a briefing in Washington on February 22, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba confirmed that he had signed a submission to the head of state with a proposal to break off diplomatic relations with Russia. “I think, I always thought that this should have been done back in 2014. Unfortunately, at that time this decision was not made, — he also said.
When asked about the possibility of breaking off diplomatic relations with Russia, Ukraine's Permanent Representative to the UN Serhiy Kyslitsa said that the decision should not be emotional and dramatic. This step will make relations between the two countries and peoples even more difficult, it is highly undesirable— this opinion was expressed by the press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov.
How did the diplomatic relations of modern Ukraine and Russia develop
Diplomatic relations between Russia and Ukraine were established on February 14, 1992. In March 2014, Ukraine withdrew its ambassador Volodymyr Yelchenko from Russia in response to the inclusion of Crimea in its composition. Russian Ambassador Mikhail Zurabov also left Kiev in February 2014, but returned to the Ukrainian capital after Petro Poroshenko's victory in the presidential election. In July 2016, he was removed from this position, and since then relations between Russia and Ukraine have actually been downgraded, ambassadors in the capitals do not work. But the diplomats continued to perform their functions, retaining the performance of one of the main & mdash; consular service.
What does it mean to break diplomatic relations
According to the main document regulating diplomatic relations, & mdash; Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961, in the event of a rupture of diplomatic relations between two States:
In 2008, Moscow severed diplomatic relations with Georgia, recognizing the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. “We already have a similar experience with Georgia. Now the Russian embassies in Georgia do not work and vice versa. The mandate to represent the interests of Russia in Georgia and Georgia in Russia is exercised by Switzerland. So it will be with Ukraine, if it decides to break off diplomatic relations anyway, — Alexander Panov, head of the Department of Diplomacy at MGIMO, explained to RBC.
Sections representing the interests of Russia and Georgia at the Swiss embassies started operating in 2009. Russia then turned to Switzerland with a proposal. The sections function in buildings that were occupied by embassies before the termination of relations, and are mainly engaged in consular work, that is, issuing visas and other documents necessary for citizens. “Interest sections are not always open. To do this, the parties must agree, a third country must offer its services. This may not happen,»— Panov points out.
At the time of the break in relations between Russia and Georgia, a visa regime was in effect, after it and before the start of the work of sections at the Swiss Embassy, the issuance of visas ceased.
There is currently no visa regime between Russia and Ukraine. “If there is no relationship, it is unlikely that any existing agreements between countries will remain. At the same time, Russians will be able to stay in Ukraine and vice versa, no one will deport them. However, it will not be possible to obtain a visa for the trip, and of course there will be no visa-free regime, — Panov is sure.
However, the break in diplomatic relations does not mean the break in general of all agreements. Over 30 years, Russia and Ukraine have concluded 231 agreements, according to experts from the Center for Advanced Management Decisions (CPUR).
“Formally, according to the Foreign Ministry, Russia and Georgia still have about 50 bilateral agreements in force, most of them from the 1990s, when the legal foundations of relations were laid. But in practice, this means little, cooperation has basically been curtailed,— Oleg Shakirov, senior expert of the TsPUR, explained to RBC.— Only two agreements were terminated after the August conflict  for obvious reasons: on the procedure for the temporary functioning and withdrawal of Russian military bases located on the territory of Georgia, and on the transit of military cargo and personnel through the territory of Georgia. Approximately at the same time as the break in diplomatic relations, Georgia announced its withdrawal from the CIS (and withdrew in 2009), which in Tbilisi was also perceived primarily in the context of relations with Russia.
The absence of diplomatic relations makes mutual visits of officials impossible, but they can meet in a third country. For example, in September 2019, a meeting was held in New York between Russian and Georgian Foreign Ministers Sergey Lavrov and David Zalkaliani. It was organized with the mediation of Switzerland. In order to maintain a minimum level of contacts, including to solve the problem of citizens facing difficulties, an informal channel of communication was created: the Georgian side is represented by Zurab Abashidze, the Russian — Senator Grigory Karasin.
“In fact, without diplomatic relations, some contacts are maintained, but they are very limited, and the overall base of bilateral ties is degrading— so that even after several years it must be rebuilt if there is political will. Especially if we are talking about decades, for example, as it was after the break in diplomatic relations between the USSR and Israel (from 1967 to 1991)”, — summarizes Shakirov.
Which countries broke off diplomatic relations
Iran, Bhutan, North Korea and Syria have no diplomatic relations with the USA. In 1961-2015, Cuba did not have diplomatic relations with the United States. The interests of the two countries were represented by the Embassy of Switzerland.
On February 23, 2019, Venezuela severed relations with Colombia.
On June 5, 2017, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the UAE announced the severance of diplomatic relations with Qatar .
The people's militia of the Donetsk and Lugansk people's republics regrouped troops and launched a counteroffensive in the Donbass, the Russian Defense Ministry told RBC.
“After lengthy battles to repel the aggression of the Ukrainian Military Forces, the [forces] of the republics carried out mobilization and created groupings of troops. At present, they have launched a counteroffensive with the fire support of the Russian Armed Forces,— The Ministry of Defense said in a statement.
The military of the republics of Donbass managed to break through the “front line of the echeloned, well-equipped defense of the military forces of Ukraine”, the Ministry of Defense reported.
The DPR group is attacking Volnovakha, a grouping of the military of the LPR is advancing in the area of the settlement of Shchatye. The DPR forces advanced in this direction Volnovakha for a distance of up to three kilometers. The military of the LPR crossed the Seversky Donets and advanced one and a half kilometers.
The material is being supplemented
Photo: Gennady Cherkasov
The special operation of the Russian army in Donbas may last several days. Oleksiy Leonkov, editor-in-chief of the Arsenal of the Fatherland magazine, stated this.
In an interview with News.ru, the expert noted that strikes with precision-guided weapons on Ukrainian military infrastructure would be used within a day.
“Next, there will be an operation to block the military groups that are on the territory of the LPR and DPR, an offer to surrender, lay down their arms and go home. Everyone who does not lay down their arms will be destroyed,” Leonkov said.
Earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin, who announced the start of the operation in Donbass, urged not to resist and go home to the Ukrainian military.
Olesya Panteleeva, a resident of Kiev, spoke about the situation in the Ukrainian capital. According to her, people urgently buy groceries, withdraw money from ATMs, writes URA.RU.
Panteleeva said that there were queues in Kiev stores, and traffic jams had gathered on the roads from those who wanted to leave.
“There are no specific directions – people just want to leave the city. They understand that if Belarus starts some kind of active actions, then 90 km – and Kiev, ”she said.
Sirens work in the city, but officials urge people to calm down. Local media write about the violation of the state border by Belarus, but there are no military men on the streets.
Kiev residents are buying up cereals, canned food, flour, long queues at ATMs. According to Panteleeva, some ATMs ran out of cash in the morning. Pharmacies have not yet opened, and it is not known whether they will open, she added.
The official representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Maria Zakharova reacted to the statement of the Minister of State for Europe and North America of the British Foreign Office James Cleverley. He said that Britain is ready to provide assistance to Ukraine for self-defense, despite the fact that the country is not a NATO member.
“You have already helped. Relax,” Zakharova wrote in her Telegram channel.
On the morning of February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a special military operation in the Donbass within the framework of agreements with the DPR and LPR. In response, Ukrainian leader Volodymyr Zelensky ordered the army to retaliate. The President of Ukraine also called on the citizens of the country not to panic and assured that he was negotiating with Western partners.
Ukraine breaks off diplomatic relations with the Russian Federation. President of the Republic Volodymyr Zelensky made a corresponding statement during a briefing broadcast on the Facebook page of the Ukrainian head of state's office.
“Ukraine is defending itself and will not give up its freedom. For Ukrainians, independence and the right to live on their own land is the highest value,” the Ukrainian leader emphasized.
On February 24, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin announced that he had decided to conduct a special operation of Russian troops to protect the Donetsk and Lugansk People’s Republics (DNR and LNR). The Russian leader also addressed external hostile forces that may attempt to create a threat to Russia and its citizens, noting that the Russian side will respond immediately.
The Russian Ministry of Defense stressed that the Russian army does not launch missile, air or artillery strikes on cities located on the territory of Ukraine. The Russian military department said that nothing threatens the civilian population.
The military of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and members of the national battalions began to fire at each other, the telegram channel WarGonzo reports with reference to sources.
It is noted that in the southern direction of the front, the Armed Forces of Ukraine staged skirmishes with separate military units of Ukrainian nationalists.
Details of the incident have not yet been reported.
Recall, in the early morning On February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a special military operation in the Donbass within the framework of agreements with the DPR and LPR. Putin named the goal: Ukraine must demilitarize.
Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova
Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin flew to Nursultan, where he is scheduled to meet today with his colleagues, the new Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Alikhan Smailov and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers – Head of the Administration of the President of Kyrgyzstan Alykbek Zhaparov. As well as a meeting of the Eurasian Intergovernmental Council in narrow format.
The topic of the meeting has nothing to do with the events in Ukraine: the agenda includes a roadmap for expanding cooperation in the field of civil aircraft manufacturing and a number of other issues related to integration. Nothing was reported about changes in these plans.
The forward board, on which correspondents of the government pool went to Nursultan, took off with a long delay. Journalists believed that the prime minister's visit would be canceled due to the changed situation, but it turned out that the delay was due to a malfunction of the aircraft. After his replacement, media representatives and members of the delegation flew to Kazakhstan. They were followed by a plane with Mikhail Mishustin.
Also on Thursday morning, the head of the Federation Council, Valentina Matvienko, left Russia – she went to Tajikistan, where she is scheduled to meet with the leadership of the republic and participate in an inter-parliamentary forum.
Both Matvienko and Mishustin will be absent on February 24-25.
Earlier it was reported that State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin went on a visit to Cuba the day before, from where he would fly to Nicaragua on February 24.
Thus all the first persons of the country, except for Vladimir Putin, are outside of Russia. None of them abandoned their plans in connection with the military operation in Ukraine and has not yet commented on what is happening.
Recall that Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin is the second person in the Russian Federation, Valentina Matvienko is the third, Volodin is the fourth.
The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation stated that staged video filming was carried out in Ukrainian cities in order to accuse Russia of “mass casualties” among the civilian population of Ukraine.
According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, the Security Service of Ukraine is trying to accuse the country of indiscriminate and disproportionate strikes to intimidate the civilian population.
“Prepared videos are distributed through controlled telegram channels and social networks,” the message says.
Earlier, the Russian defense ministry stressed that military airfields, air defense facilities, Ukrainian aviation and military infrastructure are being disabled by high-precision weapons, and the civilian population is not under threat.
Photo: Lilia Sharlovskaya
Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko at an operational meeting with the military called the main terms of negotiations between Russia and Ukraine.
As a BelTA correspondent reports, according to Lukashenka, in order to prevent “mass slaughter” and bloodshed in Ukraine, it is necessary to sit down at the negotiating table. However, he noted that Russia will never sit down at the table if the issues to be discussed are not agreed upon. The Russian Federation prescribed them for NATO, America and Ukraine, the President of Belarus said.
Lukashenko stressed that there would be five or six questions in total, two or three of which would be for Ukraine. He singled out among them the demilitarization of Ukraine, as well as the prevention of Ukraine's entry into NATO and the cessation of military operations against the DPR and LPR. Also, according to Lukashenka, other issues may arise.
He also added that it would not be enough just to discuss these issues. According to the Belarusian leader, drafts of specific decisions should be prepared, which will be stricter in relation to Ukraine. Lukashenka noted that this would be better one way or another than the defeat of Ukraine in the war.
The President of Belarus proposed to hold talks in Minsk. He explained this by saying that “we are Slavs, three Slavic peoples,” and we need to sit down and decide “our own fate for the future.” Lukashenka cited as an example Putin's statement that Russia is not going to occupy Ukraine, and this is enough as a basis for negotiations. According to him, on this basis, it is necessary to develop an agenda and decisions, and this is the only chance to stop the escalation and avoid a bloody war.
Read also: Russian military operation in Ukraine and Donbas: online broadcast
Putin recommended that the Ukrainian military immediately lay down their arms and go home.
This morning Russian President Vladimir Putin made another appeal to the Russians.
He said that Ukraine is now being held hostage and recommended that the Ukrainian military immediately lay down their arms and go home.
“You swore an oath to the people , and not the junta, I urge you to immediately lay down your arms and go home,” Russian President Vladimir Putin said.
Among other things, the head of state noted that Russia’s plans do not include the occupation of Ukraine.
Putin announces special operation in Ukraine: video
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The Russian army began active operations in the region
In the early morning of February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a special military operation in the Donbass within the framework of agreements with the DPR and LPR. Putin named the goal: Ukraine must demilitarize. The President of Russia called on the Ukrainian military to lay down their arms. At the same time, the Russian Federation does not need the “occupation” of Ukraine. After the president's statement, a massive military operation began – it is reported about the work of military aviation and artillery. We are conducting online developments around Donbass and Ukraine.
8:58  ; There is a video of burning airports in Kharkiv and Ivano-Frankivsk
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8:53Telegram channels are publishing a CNN video that allegedly shows tanks crossing the border between Belarus and Ukraine.
8:48 Ukrainian MP Goncharenko published an alleged map attacks on Ukraine.
8:45Head of Crimea Sergey Aksyonov said that in the border zone with Crimea on the territory of Ukraine, explosions, sounds of shots are heard, nothing threatens Crimea.
8:44 The General Staff of Ukraine reported that ” ;information about the landing of Russian troops in Odessa is not true".
8:41The General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces issued a special statement saying that at 5:00 a.m., Russian troops began shelling Ukrainian units in the east, and also “delivered missile and bomb attacks on the airports of Boryspil, Ozerny, Kulbakin, Chuguev, Kramatorsk, Chornobaevtsy” . In addition, the Ukrainian military reports about artillery shelling along the state border.
8:39 According to the Kazakhstani edition of Orda, the tenge exchange rate collapsed after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine.
8:36 German Chancellor Olaf Scholz demanded that Russia immediately stop its military operation in Ukraine.
8:33Ukrainian media report that queues lined up in stores in Kiev. There is no panic, but products are being swept off the shelves.
8:31 A general evacuation has been announced in the Luhansk region of Ukraine.
8:29 Meanwhile, in all districts of the Kursk region that border Ukraine, schoolchildren have been transferred to distance learning.
8:29 Kazakhstan has banned flights to Ukraine by domestic airlines until the stabilization of the current environment.
8:28 The Ukrainian border guard claims that the Belarusian armed forces are supporting the Russian army.
8:26 At the time trading was closed, the dollar exchange rate exceeded 84 rubles, and the euro jumped above 95 rubles .
;Rosaviatsiya announced that the operation of 12 airports in southern Russia was suspended until March 2.
8:14& Nbsp;. In Moscow, on the background of what is happening in Ukraine abolished 64 Flight
8:13 In Kiev earned a civil defense siren
8:12. & nbsp; Boris Johnson called the events in Ukraine & laquo; appalling & raquo ;. According to him, Putin chose & laquo; the path of bloodshed & raquo ;. According to Johnson, the British prime minister has already discussed the situation with Zelensky. & Laquo; Great Britain and our allies will respond resolutely & raquo ;, – he added
8:08 . The head of the LPR, Pasechnik, spoke and said that the republic was waiting for the start of the operation and took it with great joy, as they had been waiting for this moment for eight years.
8:06 In the DPR they say that they are attacking the positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine along the entire line of contact in Donbass.
8:00 Meanwhile, the residents of Kharkov are fleeing the city en masse, traffic jams have formed. There are queues at gas stations.
Kharkiv residents hurriedly leave the city: evacuation video
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7: 55And here is a video of Zelensky's appeal to the Ukrainians. The President of Ukraine advised citizens to remain calm and stay in their homes.
7:53 In the border regions of Crimea, the educational process was interrupted for two days.
7:51 Meanwhile, units of the Luhansk People’s Republic launched an assault on the Ukrainian-controlled city of Shchastia. This was stated by the adviser to the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the republic.
7:45 Zelensky introduced martial law throughout Ukraine.
7:43 Official message of the Russian Ministry of Defense: no missile, air or artillery strikes are carried out on Ukrainian cities. “High-precision weapons are putting out of action the military infrastructure, air defense facilities, military airfields and aviation of the Ukrainian army. Nothing threatens the civilian population of Ukraine".
7:42 The mayor of Kiev, Klitschko, made an appeal: “Everyone who is not involved in the work of the critical infrastructure and life support of the city, stay at home.
Keep the “alarm suitcase” ready. Documents required minimum things. To quickly, if necessary, get to the shelter or storage. City authorities in the capital".
7:41 Here is part of the UN Secretary General's address.
The UN Secretary General urged Putin to stop attacking Ukraine: video message
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7:38 The Guardian, citing the operational command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine: Seven powerful air strikes were inflicted on the Vasilkovsky air base near Kiev.
7:37 Russia closed the airspace in part of the border areas. All flights from Rostov cancelled.
7:36 Brent oil above $101.
7:35 Judging by the photos and videos, the strikes are targeted at military targets.
7:35Reuters: Amphibious operation by the Black Sea Fleet is underway in the Sea of Azov and Odessa.
7:27 CNN: The US and other countries will impose a package of new massive sanctions against Russia today.
7:25 Kyiv residents began to leave the city en masse
Kiev residents massively leave the city: video of queues at gas stations
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7:21Another from Putin's address – he warned third countries that would try to intervene: “Russia's response will be immediate and will lead you to consequences that you have never experienced in your history. We are ready for any development of events. All necessary decisions in this regard have been made”
Putin addresses “those who may be tempted to intervene in ongoing events”
7:20 In the Belgorod region, in the border areas, school classes were canceled.
7:19Ukraine completely closed the airspace.
7:18 Head of the Nikolaev Regional State Administration Vitaliy Kim: there are no Russian ground forces in the territory of the region.
7:16 The Guardian: The operational command of the Ukrainian Armed Forces reports missile attacks on Ukrainian military headquarters and airfields. "Ukrainian Truth" refers to the official representative of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: Ukrainian military command posts in Kiev and Kharkov were subjected to rocket attacks.
7:13 The UN Secretary General urged Moscow to return troops to their previous positions in order to avoid the risk of “the worst war in Europe since the beginning of the century”
7:12 UNIAN: Russian troops crossed the border with Ukraine near Kharkov . Judging by everything, Ukrainian military facilities are being shelled.
7:11 The dollar jumped 85 rubles.
7:08 Here is a video from Kharkov. Now, of course, there will be a lot of stuffing and fakes, we will try to filter very carefully.
A resident of Kharkov recorded a video message: “This is war, guys”
Watch the video on the topic
7:05 Russia's Permanent Representative to the UN Nebenzya calls to call what is happening not a war, but a special operation. According to him, there is no aggression against the Ukrainian people – we are talking about the Ukrainian junta that seized power.
7:04 Ukrainian Foreign Minister Kuleba said that Ukraine “will resist” .
7:00There are a lot of reports of shelling and landings in the Ukrainian direction, the inhabitants of Kiev are leaving the city. Now let's show some videos. Apparently, the land “corridor” is being taken under control to Crimea.
6:58 Vladimir Putin's speech was followed by the reaction of US President Joe Biden. Biden said that the people of Ukraine were attacked by Russian forces. That the US and America's collaborators “will call Russia to account.” Biden is preparing an address to the people.
6:52 Russian President Vladimir Putin delivered a televised address. He stated that a special military operation of the Russian Federation is starting in the Donbas. According to the President, the Russian Federation cannot feel safe, exist and develop, having a constant threat from Ukraine.
Watch the full video of Putin's speech.
Putin announces a special operation on Ukraine: video
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Biden promised a “unified and decisive” response to Russian actions in Ukraine
Russian President Vladimir Putin's announcement of a military special operation in the Donbas immediately provoked a reaction in the West. The President of the United States was the first to condemn Moscow's actions in Ukraine and threaten Russia.
Joe Biden Photo: pixabay.com
U.S. President Joe Biden issued a statement condemning the “unprovoked and unjustified attack by the Russian military.”
“President Putin has chosen a deliberate war that will bring catastrophic loss of life and human suffering,” says the American president. “Russia alone is responsible for the death and destruction this attack will bring, and the United States and its allies and partners will respond in a united and decisive manner. The world will hold Russia to account.”
According to the American president, he will “monitor the situation from the White House and continue to receive regular updates from my national security service.”
Joe Biden said he plans to speak to the American people on Thursday and announce the “further consequences” that the US and its allies planned to impose on Russia in connection with “this unnecessary act of aggression against Ukraine and global peace and security.”
“We will also coordinate with our NATO allies to ensure a strong, cooperative response that deters any aggression against the Alliance,” Biden promised.
Hours earlier, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken had said “it looks like everything is ready” for a Russian invasion of Ukraine, but he still sees a chance to “prevent major aggression.”
In an interview with NBC News, the head of the State Department said : “Everything seems to be in place for Russia to launch a major aggression against Ukraine.”
Blinken also told ABC News that Russia is “putting the finishing touches” on troop deployment in locations for a “full-scale invasion” and said that the United States “definitely saw the presence of Russian troops on the territory of Ukraine.”
The Secretary of State did not elaborate on the Russian forces he said he had seen on Ukrainian soil and could not provide “specific numbers,” but “everything we have seen over the past 24 to 48 hours suggests that Russia is putting the finishing touches on having its forces deployed across Ukraine's borders, north, east, south, to be ready for a full-scale invasion.”
British Ambassador to Ukraine Melinda Simmons said on her Twitter account that there is a “completely unprovoked” attack on Ukraine.
“A completely unprovoked attack on a peaceful country is unfolding. Terrified,” she wrote in a microblog on Thursday morning. “Just because you've been preparing and thinking about this possibility for weeks and months doesn't mean it's not shocking when it actually happens.”
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called Russia's actions “a serious violation of international law and a serious threat to Euro-Atlantic security.”
As President Putin's speech was under way and the first explosions were reported, the UN Security Council was holding an emergency meeting chaired by Russia itself, The Guardian writes. It was launched by UN Secretary General António Guterres, who made a direct appeal: “President Putin, stop your troops from attacking Ukraine. Give the world a chance. Too many people have already died.” Russia's representative to the UN, Vasily Nebenzya, justified Russia's military actions with Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, which allows for “self-defense.” According to Reuters, Nebenzya told the UN Security Council about Putin's announcement of a special military operation in eastern Ukraine.
Ukraine's representative to the UN, for his part, told the Security Council: “It is too late to talk about de-escalation. This body is obliged to stop the war. I urge each of you to do everything possible to stop the war.”
Earlier in his speech, the Ukrainian envoy to the UN said that the remarks he had prepared were now useless, adding, addressing the Russian representative: “48 minutes ago your country declared war on my country.”
Sky News reports explosions that are heard in Kiev, as well as about the landing of amphibious assault forces on the Azov coast and in Odessa.
Meanwhile, Lviv-based The Guardian journalist Peter Beaumont reports: “After a sleepless night in Ukraine, when many here were waiting for the Russian attack to begin and were on their phones all night, reports of explosions began to come in from different cities in the last few minutes. Just live from Kiev, CNN's Matthew Chance said he heard 4-5 loud bangs that he couldn't identify.
The Ifax report also reported on shootings near the Kiev Boryspil airport, again not yet confirmed… There were also initial, albeit unconfirmed, details of explosions that sounded in Kharkiv, Kramatorsk, Kharkiv, Odessa and Mariupol. These reports followed immediately after a speech by Russian President Vladimir Putin in which he announced that he was ordering a military operation against Ukraine, in other words, declaring war on Ukraine. Putin added that any attempt by foreigners to interfere in Russia's actions would lead to “consequences they have never seen.”
Accusing the United States and its allies of ignoring Russia's demands to prevent Ukraine from joining NATO and provide Moscow with security guarantees , Putin said the Russian military operation was aimed at ensuring the “demilitarization” and “denazification” of – in his words – Ukraine. Putin said that Ukrainian soldiers who lay down their arms will be able to leave the war zone safely.
So far, it is quiet where I am in Lviv in western Ukraine.
Read online broadcast of events around Ukraine and Donbas
Putin announces a special operation in Ukraine: video
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The press service of the Russian Defense Ministry stated that the Russian armed forces do not carry out any missile, artillery or air strikes on Ukrainian cities.
The press service of the Russian Ministry of Defense stated that the Russian armed forces do not carry out any missile, artillery or air strikes on the cities of Ukraine.
It is specified that the shelling with precision weapons military infrastructure, military airfields, aviation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and air defense facilities are affected.
“Nothing threatens the civilian population of Ukraine,” RIA Novosti notes with reference to the Russian Ministry of Defense.
Details special operation can be read in our online broadcast.
All warehouses with Western weapons are destroyed
The special operation announced by the President of Russia against the armed forces of Ukraine is being carried out in accordance with the canons of modern warfare. As warned by military experts, there will be no tank wedges and a large-scale offensive on the Russian-Ukrainian border. This is not necessary.
Photo: Alexander Astafiev
In 2015, the Russian army carried out precision strikes on military targets in Syria terrorist infrastructure. As a result, all of it was destroyed in a short time. Now a similar scenario is being implemented in Ukraine.
Strikes are being made on military facilities that are located outside of populated areas. First of all, cruise and ballistic missiles hit command posts, arsenals with weapons and ammunition, equipment storage bases, military airfields are put out of action.
Judging by the photos and videos on the Web, such Kharkiv, Mariupol, Dnepropetrovsk, Kramatorsk.
The attack was made on the ammunition depots of the 92nd separate mechanized brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine near Kharkov.
Ships of the Ukrainian Navy were destroyed or rendered unusable. At the same time, Ukrainian ports in the Black and Azov Seas were blocked. Obviously, a detachment of large landing ships, which was assembled in the Black Sea, was used for this.
Media reports about explosions at the Kiev airport Boryspil. It was this airfield that received aircraft with NATO weapons.
The air force base of Ukraine in Vasilkov was attacked.
“The answer will be immediate”
In his address on the special military operation in Donbass, President Putin referred to “external forces.” “Whoever tries to create threats to Russia, the answer will be immediate,” the president said. He warned that “a direct attack on Russia would lead to defeat and dire consequences for a potential aggressor.”
Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova
It is clear that such a warning is a reminder that Russia is a nuclear power. According to the Fundamentals of the State Policy of the Russian Federation in the field of nuclear deterrence, Russia may use nuclear weapons in response to an attack on it or its allies using nuclear weapons or other weapons of mass destruction, as well as in the event of aggression with non-nuclear weapons, if “the very the existence of the state.”
Strategic nuclear forces consist of the Strategic Missile Forces (RVSN), nuclear submarine missile carriers, as well as strategic aviation with long-range nuclear cruise missiles.
Earlier, the RF Ministry of Defense reported that the Yars and Topol-M mobile ground-based missile systems, which are part of the Strategic Missile Forces, have been put on combat patrol routes. This involves, in particular, the Teikovskaya (Tver region), Tagil and Novosibirsk missile divisions. Each missile division has about ten missile regiments. Each launcher is capable of launching from any point of the combat patrol route.
The silo launchers of the Strategic Missile Forces, as well as submarine missile carriers with Bulava missiles that have entered the sea, are on alert at all times.
In total, Russia has up to 700 nuclear carriers and about 1,500 nuclear charges.
This is to avoid shooting down a civilian aircraft
The Russian Federation closed the airspace over the border between Russia and Ukraine, as well as the border between Ukraine and Belarus, until May 15th. Why this was done, “MK” was told by an air defense expert, ex-head of the anti-aircraft missile forces of the Special Forces Command (air defense district of Moscow), reserve colonel Sergey Khatylev.
– In the area of the special operation, the sky is closed, firstly, for the safety of civil aviation. That is, that no scheduled aircraft or aircraft of any organizations fly there.
Secondly, this was done for military purposes: so that the military aviation of Ukraine and all other countries that may try to provide assistance to Ukrainian troops from the air, respectively, could not fly there.
Thirdly, this is done for the normal operation of our air defense system. The S-300, S-400 systems and all those that have homing systems should operate, if necessary, in the airspace without foreign aircraft being there. Because the identification, capture and destruction of the target can occur automatically. God forbid, some civilian aircraft will come across.
And fourthly, this is done in connection with the suppression of all existing civil communication systems. That is, we are now talking about all guidance and orientation systems. They will be suppressed in order to exclude the use and aiming of high-precision weapons by the Ukrainian side. And we will work as usual.
“Clashes are taking place along the entire line of contact”
The military situation in the capital of the Luhansk People's Republic is tense, but controlled, the tale of “MK” is the representative of the People's Militia of the LPR, Lieutenant Colonel Andrey Marochko.
Photo: Lina Korsak
“Now the enemy’s attacks are being repelled along the entire line of contact, which has intensified fire provocations,” said Andrew Marochko. – At the moment, hostilities are underway in all directions – from the Svetlodarsk Bulge, then the Popasnyansk, Slavyanoserbian and Lugansk directions. combat. “Whatever task they set, they will complete it,” Andriy Marochko said.