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French Foreign Ministry: Europe will respond to the deployment of nuclear weapons in Belarus

Photo: pixabay.com

If Russia deploys nuclear weapons in Belarus, this will seriously affect the security situation in Europe, and the EU will not be able to leave this unanswered. Such a statement was made by French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian in a conversation with Le Journal du Dimanche.

He recalled that at a meeting with French President Emmanuel Macron, Russian leader Vladimir Putin said that he did not plan to place nuclear weapons in Belarus, and also promised to withdraw Russian troops after the end of joint exercises.

“I hope we can then say, 'That's right.' We'll see. Otherwise, this would be a serious change in European security, which cannot go unanswered,” Le Drian stressed.

This is how he responded to a journalist's request to evaluate a possible change in the constitution of Belarus. In particular, it implies the rejection of the country's non-nuclear status. A number of Western countries expressed their concerns about this change.

See also: In Belarus, they announced an attempt to disrupt the referendum on the Constitution

Источник www.mk.ru

European Council President Michel: West cannot forever offer Russia negotiations

Photo: Frame from video

The head of the European Council, Charles Michel, expressed the opinion that Western countries cannot endlessly offer Moscow negotiations and “olive branch” if the escalation around Ukraine continues. He made such a statement at the Munich Security Conference.

“The concentration of Russian forces around Ukraine continues, we do not see any signs of de-escalation. We cannot offer an olive branch forever: if the escalation continues, large-scale sanctions will be imposed,” Michel stressed.

He also added that Russia tried to “divide the West”, but had the opposite effect only by rallying the EU countries and their transatlantic allies.

In addition, Michel said that the European Union made its own economic proposals to Africa, and they should be more attractive than the initiatives of Russia and China.

The Russian side has repeatedly denied reports of an allegedly impending invasion of Ukraine. In Moscow, such statements are considered a pretext for deploying NATO forces near the Russian borders.

Источник www.mk.ru

Volunteer spoke about the evacuation of Donbass residents: they let people in without documents

“Many gathered hastily, but there were also those who came out with huge trunks – two by two meters”

Inhabitants of the people's republics of Donbass — Donetsk and Lugansk — Since the evening of February 18, they have been massively evacuated to Russia. This decision was made after the aggravation of the situation on the territory of contact with Ukraine. First of all, they take out women, children and the elderly from Gorlovka, Yasinovataya, the most shelled Petrovsky district of Donetsk. On the Russian side, in the Rostov region, volunteers help them. One of the volunteers — leader of the public movement “For the Truth” Yuri Mezinov. He told MK about what the refugees had to face.

Photo: dan-news.info.

— My colleagues and I worked at the border crossing itself. In the first few hours there were, of course, failures. The flow of people grew exponentially. Residents of Donbass were transported to the Russian border on local buses, then they crossed the border on foot and waited for vehicles on the Russian side. Further, the buses, which were allocated by the government of the Rostov region, went to temporary accommodation points, already accompanied by the police. Transport was not enough at first. And some of the buses were in transit. Near “Kotlostroy” we saw buses from Donbass.    

— At night it was quite damp, there was a fog. People are tired and cold. You can understand them. They stood for an hour in the cold loading, another hour spent on their feet at the border. And then the buses were waiting on the Russian side. There were mostly women, children and old people. Among the elderly there were many who were on crutches, with walkers. They could not stay on their feet even for half an hour, and there was nowhere to sit down. It was necessary to put chairs or benches. But none of this happened. Where we worked, there were no heating points. This is a question for the Ministry of Emergency Situations. I myself once worked in this structure, so I have the right to criticize them.

— When we first arrived, there was a crowd of about a thousand people. They had to spend about two hours on the road. It was at the very beginning. Hours at seven in the evening. Children from boarding schools and orphanages, 400 people, stood separately. In another column were mothers with children. Seeing that I was trying to figure something out, they attacked me. I thought they were punching me in the face. Their children are very cold. I drove up my car, ran the kids into it to warm up. The reporters who worked near the border crossing did the same.

Now the Ukrainian side says that people in the Donbass were ready to evacuate, since they gathered so quickly.

— It was evident that many were going in a hurry. Yes, there were those who went out with huge trunks – two by two meters. And someone managed to grab very small handbags. They didn't seem to have any clothes with them. Our social movement has a warehouse. Volunteer friends say that it is necessary to release him now for food and hygiene products. But, I feel that part of it needs to be given under clothes. It will obviously come in handy for the refugees.

Refugees say they have received text messages saying that those who do not have a Russian passport will not be allowed into Russia. They clearly wanted to intimidate people, sow panic.

Yuri Mezinov says that he and his fellow volunteers took those who were going to relatives.

— Some were going to get to the Krasnodar Territory, we took them to the station. Others planned to travel to the Crimea, where they had relatives. Several families were waiting for acquaintances in Rostov-on-Don. We helped them get to the city where they could call a taxi. Because taxi drivers near the border crossing broke prices. There to go 120 kilometers, before the fee was 2.5 thousand rubles, and then the carriers began to ask for 6 thousand. This is despite the fact that people in the Donbass do not live richly. We took everyone for free.

— First of all, people were evacuated from areas adjacent to the front line. They have seen so much that it is impossible to scare them. The woman I was carrying lost both her husband and her brother. They blew up in the stretch. Then he drove a young woman with a child. They left the Donbass in 2014, according to the first distribution, they ended up in Yekaterinburg. When a woman's mother fell ill, she came to her, stayed to take care of her for a year. And now they are all taken out again. There were many old people among the refugees. They all understood that in the near future they could fall under the bombing. That a war is coming, interruptions in food and medicines are possible. So we decided to go to a safe place. And it would be scary for someone who would come out to them and say that he is responsible for their removal and accommodation…

Volunteers helped transport refugees all night. As Yuri says, then there were already columns of 15 buses, and of 17. A real conveyor started working.

— Residents of Donbass were taken to temporary accommodation centers. About five thousand people passed before my eyes.

— You understand, the camps to which they were taken were mothballed a day ago. Can you imagine what it means to reopen facilities for several thousand people? After all, you need to turn on the heating, get groceries, find cooks, administrators & hellip; I have seen how the situation has changed. That thousands of people stood near the border crossing. Then they came, there were already 30-50 people. At customs, they all had to be rewritten. Some were let through without documents, I honestly do not know how they will enter back? This is worth writing about, because we already went through this story in 2014. Those who ended up in temporary accommodation centers received documents under a simplified scheme. Those who went on their own, and then they themselves went to draw up documents — hung around for two years. And now we hear: “We will think of something in Rostov-on-Don, we have money.” We ask them to be patient, to go to temporary accommodation centers, we convince them that they will save themselves a lot of time later. In this case, it is better to act all the same centrally.  

Yuri says that relatives of children from the orphanage who were evacuated from Donbass are now contacting him.

— The parents of these children are not deprived of parental rights, they are simply forced to leave their children in an orphanage when they go to work. Now they have lost contact with their children, they do not know where they are. The children were centrally and urgently taken to Russia. Relatives did not even have time to pack their clothes and hand over documents. They have had several transfers. The person who drove them forgot his passport at home & hellip; With urgent evacuation, such overlays are inevitable. Now I'm finding out where their children are.

In total, about seven hundred thousand people are planned to be evacuated from the Donbass.

Evacuation from the DPR in photos: storming of ATMs, stampede at the border

See related photo gallery

Источник www.mk.ru

Truckers told about the queues at the Lithuanian customs: they are ready to fight

For weeks, drivers who have been idle are pissed off by those who cheat out of line

War is war, and transportation is on schedule. While the whole world is looking towards the Donbass, there is a tragedy on the border of Belarus and the Baltic states. The transport collapse continues there: on federal highways, there is a many-kilometer traffic jam of several hundred trucks carrying goods to European countries. Drivers literally live in the cabs of cars without food or water. To ensure the simplest necessities of life, one has to seriously contrive – to go for provisions several kilometers to the nearest villages, not to turn off the truck engine so as not to freeze in the cold, and to wash with technical water from canisters. Tragedy also could not be avoided – in early February, Moskovsky Komsomolets wrote about the death of one of the truckers, poisoned by carbon monoxide.

Photo: Frame from video

Due to problems with refugees, back in early November, Poland closed the Kuznya Belostokskaya checkpoint, and Lithuania suddenly began upgrading equipment at its customs checkpoints, after which their throughput slowed down several times. Now you have to wait 15-20 days to cross the border. There is a serious problem with traffic at the checkpoints Berestovitsa, Raigardas, Kuznya Bialystokskaya, Privalka, Benyakoni, Kamenny log and others. There is a website on the Internet where you can check online the workload of any customs post on the border with Lithuania. The image from the cameras is updated every few minutes.

A simple cargo truck can turn into serious supply problems for the Kaliningrad region, where a significant part of the trucks are sent from Russia with a wide variety of goods – from food and essentials to fuel and household appliances. Business suffers huge losses. Meanwhile, tired of waiting for action from the authorities, drivers are now trying to solve the problem on their own, independently regulate traffic on the road and prevent those who, bypassing the queue, reach the checkpoint in a roundabout way. Many use this dishonest method out of desperation, they believe that it is possible to wait in an honest queue at the border for more than a month

“People who want to get ahead of everyone is a common problem in our community. – tells “Moskovsky Komsomolets” a truck driver from Russia with a long experience in international transportation. – At “Ivangorod” (Checkpoint on the border of Russia and Estonia) the same situation, they forge documents and go without a queue. We've been standing here since Tuesday because of them. Computers at the border do not work, everything is done manually.”

– Documents are made not by the driver, but by the sender. And they are smart as hell, they all want to cheat the system. They do this – they put several pallets of perishable products in the refrigerator next to the usual cargo, and voila – you are already transporting an urgent cargo that risks spoiling if you are not let through the fastest. And the law is not violated, and the sender of the goods will deliver the goods as soon as possible. It is difficult to forge documents for customs, they show the originals, but the queues of drivers can show a fake if asked.

– Poles have this practice, but not very common. In Latvia, a fine of 200 euros is issued for avoiding the queue, but for this you need to call the police. And so, where possible, they also go by. Each has its own shirt closer to the body. There is a known case among truckers when at the Shumilkino checkpoint the driver was driving around the line, they decided to slow him down, a conflict ensued, a fight. The result is that two people will not come home: one to the cemetery, the other to prison.

– The queue is now about 8 kilometers. And the mess on the road is solved elementarily. The mayor of the city or the head of the locality gives a place for parking, a private trader or the mayor's office builds it. Parking is paid, exit to the border by numbers. All conditions – a hotel with a shower, a cafe, shops. Everything gives a profit and pays off, and nature is good. The roadside is clean and no one goes to the toilet in the forest. There is only one condition – the queue numbers should be issued by the border guards, since they are service people, and the most non-corrupt of all departments.

– You will starve a couple of times and stock “homeless packages” (I mean instant noodles) it will pass for black caviar, so we live …

Living in the cab of a truck for weeks – what's it like? Add to this the frost on the street, and the situation will already resemble a kind of torture. The living compartment in an ordinary European heavy truck is not designed for such extreme conditions and does not impress with special amenities – a place for the driver and passenger, as well as a small sleeping compartment in the rear of the cab, that's all. The owners of American trucks are more fortunate – the residential part there already resembles a small room, but overseas monsters are rare guests on our roads. Even performing simple life functions becomes a difficult task for people. For example, you have to go to the toilet in the nearest forest, where the snow is knee-deep, and get food and water in the nearest villages 5-6 kilometers from the road. You have to wash with cold technical water from canisters. Not surprisingly, the patience of many drivers is coming to an end. Some of them, unable to stand it, abandon their cars with loads right on the road and leave for a while to their families in order to return when the situation improves. But those who work not for the company, but for themselves, are not at all lucky. Here it is not the employer who suffers direct losses, but the driver himself. And no one will reimburse him.

Drivers in chat rooms and communities of truckers do not believe in an accidental failure of the Lithuanian system. They think that this is how the Baltic states are responsible to Alexander Lukashenko for the situation with migrants at the border, as well as for joint military exercises with Russia. This was partially recognized by representatives of the Lithuanian Customs Department. In the meantime, a red alert level has been declared in Belarus for the coming days. The west of the country will be covered by winds up to 108 km/h, with rain and snow, which means that the unfortunate truckers will face another, this time weather, danger.

Источник www.mk.ru

The DPR reported shelling the outskirts of Donetsk with large-caliber mines

The Ukrainian army continues to shell the territories of the Donetsk People's Republic. The representative office of the DPR in the Joint Center for Control and Coordination of the ceasefire regime reported this on the Telegram channel.

It is specified that at 02:16 (coincides with Moscow time) the security forces opened fire on the village of Staromikhailovka in the west of Donetsk, firing four mines of 120 mm caliber. In addition, Ukrainian servicemen fired five mines of 120 mm caliber at the settlement of Zaytsevo South.

After 03:00, six more shellings were recorded from Kiev. Under fire were Dokuchaevsk, the village of Staromikhaylovka, the villages of Novolaspa and Leninskoye in the south of the republic, as well as the village of Spartak north of Donetsk. It is known that the fire was fired from 120 mm mortars, grenade launchers & nbsp; various types and heavy artillery.

Earlier, the DPR announced eight new shelling of settlements in the Donetsk People's Republic, including Donetsk.  The Armed Forces of Ukraine used 20 AGS grenades, three LNG grenades, 38 mines of 120 mm caliber and four shells of 122 mm caliber.

Recall that the situation on the contact line in Donbass escalated on February 17. The authorities of the DPR and LPR announced a general mobilization. Civilians are being evacuated to Russia.

Источник aif.ru

Brazil flood death toll rises to 152

The number of victims of landslides and floods caused by heavy rains in Brazil's Petropolis has risen to 152. 27 of the dead are minors, Globo TV channel reports, citing rescue services. 

24 survivors were recovered from the rubble, 165 continue to be listed as missing. 500 rescuers, 200 police officers, as well as military and volunteers are busy searching. 

Landslides damaged 80 residential buildings, at least 54 were completely destroyed. A few days ago, 260 mm of rain fell in the region (more than the monthly norm), the authorities declared mourning and declared a state of emergency. 

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro visited the city on Friday and announced the allocation of 2.2 billion reals of budgetary funds (about 430 million dollars). President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin expressed his condolences in connection with the tragedy.

Recall that the cause of the flood was heavy rainfall, in Petropolis more than a monthly rainfall fell. It was also previously reported that floods and landslides caused by heavy rains in the Brazilian state of Bahia have killed 24 people and injured more than 400.

Источник aif.ru

Who will pay for fire detectors in residential buildings?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 7. Olympics-2022: victories, forecasts, scandals 16/02/2022

The Ministry of Emergency Situations is going to equip all houses of any number of storeys. Who will pay for this?

Expert Answer 0 + –

Now the installation of detectors is required only in new buildings. But they want to extend the practice to any residential buildings. As Rinat Enikeev, Director of the Department of Supervisory Activities and Preventive Work of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, specified to AiF, the use of autonomous fire detectors is planned to be made mandatory for all categories of citizens. At the same time, large families and other beneficiaries will be compensated for their expenses. Citizens who do not have benefits will have to buy and install fire detectors on their own.

There is a detector — 200—400 rub The  Ministries of Emergency Situations emphasize that installation does not require special skills — you can just put it on top of the cabinet.

Источник aif.ru

EMERCOM of Russia strengthened group of psychologists to help refugees from Donbass

An additional group of psychologists arrived in the Rostov region to provide assistance to refugees from the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics (DPR and LPR), TASS reports.

According to the agency's interlocutor from the Center for Emergency Psychological help of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia, more than 30 psychologists from CEPP and its branches are involved in the work – South and North Caucasian, as well as from the Main Directorate of the Ministry for the Rostov Region.

The employees of the psychological service of the Russian department will be located in mobile camps and temporary accommodation centers. In addition, psychologists work on a hotline at the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Emergency Situations in the Rostov Region.
 
“Over the past 24 hours, psychologists have provided assistance in 400 cases of appeals, of which 138 calls have been received on the hotline” ;, – said a representative of the CEPP.

On February 18, against the background of the aggravation of the situation in eastern Ukraine, the authorities of the unrecognized republics began the evacuation of children, women and the elderly to Russia, primarily to the Rostov region. The evacuation of people will be carried out around the clock.

Earlier, the leadership of the Altai Territory, Voronezh and Volgograd regions expressed their readiness to accept refugees from Donbass. In turn, President Vladimir Putin instructed to pay arriving residents of the LPR and DPR 10,000 rubles each as material assistance, payments have already begun.

Источник aif.ru

Tell me, what’s his name? “Pinocchio” named the most powerful non-nuclear weapon of the Russian Federation

Foreign experts believe that perhaps the heavy flamethrower system “Pinocchio” – Russia's most powerful weapon that does not use nuclear technology. Moreover, it is so powerful that in case of war it should become “target No. 1” for the enemy. It has been repeatedly used in foreign conflicts and is popular with foreign partners. AiF.ru figured out what this weapon is capable of.

Let's start with the fact that TOS-1 “Pinocchio” — a heavy multiple launch rocket system based on the T-72 tank. It is designed to disable lightly armored and automotive vehicles, set fire to and destroy structures and buildings, destroy enemy manpower located in open areas and in fortifications, with fragments, a shock wave generated by on the target area with the massive use of unguided rockets in thermobaric and smoke-incendiary equipment.

It was first used in Afghanistan in 1988-1989. One volley destroyed all life on an area of ​​three square kilometers. In mountainous areas, the effect of thermobaric shells became even more significant, leading the Mujahideen into a real panic.

The flamethrower systems are placed on the chassis of the T-72 tank. The crew of three is hidden inside the launcher for better protection of the forces.

The 24 tubes carry 220 mm rockets with incendiary or thermobaric warheads. They weigh about 180 kilograms. The main feature of Russian weapons is in the ammunition of a volumetric explosion. They release an aerosol cloud over the target, which is undermined at once, burning out atmospheric oxygen. Because of this, there is a sharp jump in pressure, after which those who survived in the hellish flame of the explosion (the temperature at the epicenter reaches 1000 degrees) will die from damage to internal organs. The flamethrower is especially effective for destroying the enemy in shelters (the walls of the bunker are not a hindrance to aerosol) and in the mountains, where the shock waves reflected from the rocks overlap, reinforcing each other.

TOS-1 is used to clear bunkers, buildings and trenches. She can also destroy armored vehicles. A crew of three is placed inside the launcher for better protection.

The TOS-1 and its variants can deal incredible damage. So, one installation is capable of setting fire to an area about the size of two football fields. Therefore, foreign experts believe that the installation should become “goal No. 1” for the enemy in case of war.

Russian army drones help identify targets for TOS-1. The firing range of flamethrower systems is approximately from 3,500 to 6,000 meters, depending on the modification. A full salvo can be fired in 12 seconds.

The TOS-1 is often referred to as a “flamethrower” and some experts question whether it should be outlawed.

“TOS-1” modified. The modern version of TOS-1A "Solntsepek" developed in 2001. Interestingly, the foreign publication called it “Pinocchio” – for some reason, it inspires great concern.

This year, Saudi Arabia bought several TOS-1 systems as part of a $ 3 billion arms shipment.

In Russia, the modern version was mainly used in 2001. She was sent to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq and Kazakhstan. Iraq used it against ISIS, and Syria used it against rebels during the civil war.

Abroad, the TOS-1 is used to clear and burn troops in emplacements such as bunkers, buildings, and trenches. It can also highlight armored personnel carriers. TOS-1 is deployed along with other tanks and armored vehicles in accordance with the Russian doctrine of armored warfare.

According to foreign experts, this flamethrower platform causes concern. He can make a person suffocate with smoke, and then burn a person so that his body will not even recognize.

Source: https://www.19fortyfive.com/

Источник aif.ru

Biden said about a possible Russian attack on Ukraine “in the coming days”

US President Biden: Russia may attack Ukraine in the coming days Biden is confident that Putin has already decided to invade. Moscow has repeatedly denied such plans and accused the West of escalating the conflict. “Biden announced a possible Russian attack on Ukraine “in the coming days” />

Attack of Russian troops on Ukraine may occur “next week” and even “in the coming days,” US President Joseph Biden said during a press conference at the White House.

“We have reason to believe that Russian troops are planning and intend to attack Ukraine next week. In the next few days. We believe that their target may be the capital of Ukraine, Kiev, a city where 2.8 million innocent people live, — Biden said.

The President assured that the United States will continue to provide support to Ukraine, including the supply of weapons, although they do not intend to send their troops to protect it. In Russia— if the attack does happen— The US and its allies are ready to impose new “strong sanctions”.

“But Russia can still choose diplomacy, it's not too late to abandon the escalation of the conflict and return to negotiations,” — Biden added, noting that if Russia chooses war, it will “pay dearly”.

Responding to a question from one of the journalists, Biden said that, in his opinion, Russian President Vladimir Putin had already decided about the invasion of Ukraine.

“Yes, I'm sure,” — Biden said, answering a clarification question about whether he was sure that Putin had decided to invade. At the same time, the US President noted that the possibility of avoiding conflict through diplomacy remains until the attack occurs.

“Russia can choose between war and all the suffering that it will bring, and diplomacy, which will make the future more safe for everyone»,— Biden said.

Russian authorities have repeatedly said that Moscow is not planning an invasion. Russian President Vladimir Putin said at a meeting with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz that Russia does not want war. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov called the Western media's version of alleged preparations for an invasion “propaganda, fakes and fabrications.” Kiev also sees no signs of preparing a full-scale operation against Ukraine, NSDC Secretary Alexei Danilov said on February 18.

On February 18, the head of the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) Denis Pushilin announced a mass evacuation of residents of the republic to the Rostov region, primarily women , children and the elderly. According to him, the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky will soon give the military an order to launch an offensive in the Donbass. Leonid Pasechnik. He also called on “all men capable of holding weapons in their hands to stand up for their land.”

In turn, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba said that Kiev “does not commit and does not plan” no offensive actions in Donbass.

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Biden says Putin does not intend to use nuclear weapons

Biden: Russia is not even remotely considering the possibility of using nuclear weapons According to the US President, Moscow is “not even remotely considering” such a possibility. On February 19, exercises with ballistic missiles under the command of Putin will be held in Russia, the Kremlin stressed that maneuvers are a regular process

Joe Biden

Russia does not intend to use nuclear weapons, says US President Joe Biden.

“I don't think he [Russian President Vladimir Putin] is even remotely considering the use of nuclear weapons,” — he said at a briefing, answering a question about ballistic missile exercises that will take place in Russia on February 19.

According to Biden, Putin wants to “convince the world that he can change the dynamics in Europe” with the help of maneuvers.

The Ministry of Defense announced the exercise the day before, on February 18. Units of the Aerospace Forces, the Southern Military District, the Strategic Missile Forces (RVSN), the Northern and Black Sea Fleets will take part in them, during the maneuvers the military will launch ballistic and cruise missiles.

The exercises will be personally led by Putin, according to presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov, the head of state will monitor them from the situation center. “Such exercises, even such training launches, of course, are impossible without the head of state. You know about the famous black suitcase, the red button and the like, — he explained and added that the maneuvers are “absolutely transparent, absolutely understandable to specialists from other countries, so they should not cause concern to anyone.” The Kremlin indicated that the exercises are a regular process.

According to the Ministry of Defense, the exercises were prepared in advance to check the readiness of military command and control bodies, combat crews, crews of ships and missile carriers, and the reliability of weapons of strategic nuclear and non-nuclear forces.

About plans to hold strategic command and staff exercises in 2022 ” ;Thunder» previously announced by Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu. A TASS source close to the agency said that they were scheduled for the beginning of the year.

On February 5, the Financial Times, citing a source in the US Congress, reported that Russia decided to postpone the exercises using nuclear weapons from autumn to the beginning of the year in connection with the situation around Ukraine. As noted by the publication, such maneuvers usually take place in the country in the fall. However, this time, according to Washington, Putin decided to postpone them to the beginning of the year as a warning to NATO so that the alliance would not interfere in the event of an invasion of Ukraine.

Russia has repeatedly denied that it has aggressive plans towards Ukraine.

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Spiegel recalled the position of the West on the non-expansion of NATO in 1991

Spiegel: In 1991, Western countries called NATO eastward expansion “unacceptable” German, French, British and US foreign policy officials called NATO eastward expansion “unacceptable” in 1991, writes Spiegel, citing an archived document

Western countries in 1991 opposed the expansion of NATO to the east and called unacceptable entry into the alliance of countries in Eastern Europe. This is reported by Der Spiegel with reference to a document found in the British National Archives.

The document, which was previously classified “secret”, was discovered by American political scientist Joshua Shifrinson. We are talking about the minutes of the meeting of political directors of the Foreign Ministries of the USA, Great Britain, France and Germany in Bonn on March 6, 1991.

At the meeting, which took place a few months before the termination of the Warsaw Pact, the participants discussed the security of Poland and other Eastern European countries, the newspaper writes. Politicians in Warsaw and Budapest have been “signaling” for some time now about his interest in joining the North Atlantic Alliance. However, writes Spiegel with reference to the document, London, Washington, Berlin and Paris considered NATO membership for the countries of Eastern Europe “unacceptable”.

According to the document, German Foreign Ministry spokesman Juergen Hrobog said: “During the negotiations in the “Two plus four” format, we have made it clear that we will not expand NATO beyond the Elbe. Therefore, we cannot offer Poland and others NATO membership. Spiegel writes that Khrobog most likely confused the Elbe and Oder rivers.

Two plus four contract— Treaty on the final settlement with respect to Germany, which was concluded on September 12, 1990 in Moscow. It was signed by the foreign ministers of the FRG and the GDR, as well as by the heads of the foreign ministries of the USSR, the USA, Great Britain and France. The agreement put an end to the process of unification of the FRG and the GDR.

US representative Raymond Seitz agreed with Khrobog's position in the negotiations: “We made it clear to the Soviet Union— in “two plus four” negotiations, as well as in other negotiations <…> NATO should neither formally nor unofficially expand to the East, — quotes Spiegel document.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly said that NATO promised not to move east, but “cheated” Russia. In particular, he spoke about this in December at a big press conference. According to Reuters, he voiced a similar thesis at talks with French President Emmanuel Macron on February 7 in Moscow.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, in turn, said that the alliance had never committed itself not to expand. US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said the same thing, calling Russia's demands for security guarantees “absolutely unfeasible”; (non-expansion of NATO and non- entry into the alliance of the countries of the former USSR— the main point of these requirements).

On December 7, at a briefing, journalists reminded State Department representative Ned Pice that in 1990 Secretary of State James Baker promised Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev not to expand NATO to the East. “Like previous administrations, we have made it clear that the doors of NATO are open, we are committed to the open door policy that was put forward in Bucharest, that NATO should remain an option for applicants when they are ready and able to fulfill the corresponding obligations,” Price said in response.

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Rostov authorities received ₽5 billion to help refugees from Donbass

The Rostov region received 5 billion rubles from the budget. for refugees from Donbass More than 1.2 thousand residents of the self-proclaimed republics of Donbass have arrived in the Rostov region, and the region is ready to accommodate more than 12 thousand people. Payments to them will begin soon, the authorities said

The Rostov region received 5 billion rubles from the federal budget. to help evacuated residents of the unrecognized Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics (DNR and LNR). This was stated by the first deputy governor of the region Igor Guskov, TASS reports.

“They were brought to the Ministry of Labor of the Rostov Region, 10 thousand each for payments to citizens. And tomorrow <…> we will be able to start payments in this order of these funds upon registration,— he said.

According to Guskov, more than 1.2 thousand residents of the self-proclaimed republics of Donbass arrived in the region: “At 1:30 Moscow time on February 19, 1,157 people passed through the checkpoints, including 363 children".

About 400 refugees are in temporary accommodation. According to Guskov, the region is ready to accommodate more than 12,000 people.

The authorities of the DPR and LPR announced the start of the evacuation of civilians, primarily women, children and the elderly, to Russia on February 18. They claim that Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky will soon order an attack on the military, who “are in combat orders and are ready for the forceful capture of Donbass. Kiev denies this, insisting that no orders “on the liberation of the territories” there was no forceful way, and in turn they accuse the DPR and LPR of trying to provoke Ukraine into military action.

Against the background of the start of the evacuation, the Rostov region introduced a high alert regime. Temporary accommodation centers have been created in the region at recreation centers, sanatoriums and health camps, where refugees will be accommodated. Readiness to accept evacuated residents of Donbass has been declared in the Crimea, Chelyabinsk, Penza, Kaluga and Vladimir regions.

President Vladimir Putin instructed to pay 10 thousand rubles each. every refugee who came to Russia. The government clarified that the funds would be allocated from the reserve fund. The Ministry of Finance stated that the money would be transferred on February 18, but did not give the total amount. The DPR authorities had previously said that they planned to evacuate 700 thousand people in total.

Acting head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations Alexander Chupriyan and head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova went to the Rostov region to help organize the reception of refugees.

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DPR authorities named the number of residents evacuated to Russia

Ministry of Emergency Situations of the DPR: about 3.4 thousand residents were evacuated from the republic to Russia According to the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the unrecognized republic, 3.4 thousand residents left the DPR. 25 thousand people left the LPR – we are talking about people who left before the start of the evacuation

3,384 people were evacuated from the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) to Russia. This was stated by the head of the Republican Ministry of Emergency Situations Alexei Kostrubitsky, reports the Donetsk News Agency.

People were taken out on buses and personal vehicles. According to Kostrubitsky, help points have been deployed at the checkpoints with Russia, employees of the Ministry of Emergency Situations are on duty there. “Hot meals are organized, the duty of resuscitation and anti-shock groups to provide medical care,” — he told the head of the DPR Denis Pushilin.

The self-proclaimed Lugansk People's Republic (LNR) left 25 thousand people, they crossed the border with Russia in their own vehicles. This was stated by the head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the LPR Evgeny Katsavalov, specifying that we are talking about people who left the republic not from the moment the evacuation was announced. “Now an organized convoy is being formed to evacuate 10 thousand people,” — he said (TASS quote).

The authorities of the DPR have previously stated that they plan to take out about 700 thousand people from the republic, primarily women, children and the elderly. For this, trains are also involved. According to Pushilin, there is no talk of evacuating men, but they can take the family out in their car. The LPR also urged men to “stand up to defend their land.”

Refugees began to be accommodated in the Rostov region, the first buses with evacuees arrived in the region on the evening of February 18, people were placed in a boarding house “Star” in the Neklinovsky district. On the night of February 19, the Rostov authorities announced the arrival of more than 1.2 thousand residents of Donbass. Crimea, Chelyabinsk, Penza, Kaluga and Vladimir regions also expressed their readiness to accept refugees.

On the instructions of President Vladimir Putin, refugees arriving in Russia will be paid 10 thousand rubles each, the money for this was allocated from the budget.

The evacuation of residents takes place against the background of the aggravation of the situation in the Donbass. The leaders of the unrecognized republics accused Ukraine of preparing an attack, Kiev denies this.

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A new aggravation of the situation around Ukraine. The main thing

Residents of the DPR and LPR began to arrive in the Rostov region. In Donetsk, they announced an imminent attack by the Ukrainian army, Kiev denies this. Putin urged Kiev to sit down at the negotiating table. The main thing about the situation around Ukraine is in the RBC material

The main thing by 03:30

  • 3384 people were evacuated to Russia. VLNR announced the departure of 25 thousand residents, specifying that these people did not leave the republic from the moment of evacuation.

  • On the night of February 19, 1.2 thousand residents of Donbass arrived in the Rostov region, the region received 5 billion rubles from the budget. on payments to refugees.

  • US President Joseph Biden said that an attack by Russian troops on Ukraine could happen “in the coming weeks” and even “in the coming days.” Speaking at a briefing at the White House, he said he was convinced that Russian President Vladimir Putin had already decided to invade. According to the American President, it is not too late to return to the negotiations now and the door for diplomacy is open.

  • The OSCE Special Monitoring Mission reported that 222 cases of ceasefire violations were recorded in the DPR region during the day, including 135 explosions. In the area of ​​the LPR, mission inspectors recorded 648 ceasefire violations and 519 explosions.

  • French President Emmanuel Macron intends to hold telephone conversations on the situation in Ukraine with Russian and Ukrainian presidents Vladimir Putin and Vladimir Zelensky. According to the AFP agency, citing the Elysee Palace, Macron's conversation with Zelensky is scheduled for Saturday, with Putin— for Sunday. Paris also said that they see no signs of a withdrawal of Russian troops from the border with Ukraine and are concerned about reports of explosions in the Donbass.

  • US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken accepted an offer to meet with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. As White House press secretary Jen Psaki said at the briefing, the meeting will take place on Wednesday, February 23. Psaki clarified that Blinken would be open to talks with Lavrov if Russia did not launch an invasion of Ukraine. “We're going to leave the door open for diplomacy,” — Psaki said.

  • The White House has abandoned plans to disconnect Russia from the SWIFT interbank information exchange system, this measure will not be included in the new package of US sanctions against Russia. Duleep Singh, Deputy Assistant to the President of the United States for National Security, said that the sanctions will also not affect energy exports. However, according to the official, Russia will face “tremendous consequences” for the economy and strategic position in the world if it invades Ukraine.

  • State Duma Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin accused Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky of taking steps that could provoke a big war. In the Telegram channel, Volodin wrote that Zelensky would not go for this “without outside support”; and blamed the US for the escalation. The speaker of the State Duma said that in the event of a war, Europe would become its main arena.

  • In Lugansk, after a strong explosion, a gas pipeline caught fire, emergency teams are working on the spot. According to “Luganskinformtsentr”, it is possible that we are talking about the explosion of the gas pipeline. With reference to eyewitnesses, the information center reports that the fire is located in the area of ​​the Gorizont plant. at the gas station. “RIA Novosti” referring to his correspondent, he writes that the gas pipeline is on fire. In “Luganskgaz” reported that there were two explosions, and the cause was sabotage.

  • The authorities of the Rostov region introduced a high alert regime in the region due to the evacuation of residents from the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics (DPR and LNR). As RBC was told in the press service of the regional government, the regime has been in effect since the evening of February 18. An operational headquarters has also been created in the region to resolve issues related to the arrival of Donbass residents.

  • A working group headed by Acting Minister of Emergency Situations Alexander Chupriyan has been sent to the Rostov Region. Also, the head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova and specialists from the Ministry of Health flew to the region. As reported in the Telegram of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the department intends to provide all the checkpoints at the border with “places of heating and necessary medical care.” More than 80 buses with migrants have already crossed the border of the Rostov region.

  • Temporary accommodation centers for refugees for 3,274 places have been deployed in the Rostov region. “In the coming hours, the number of places for accommodation is planned to be increased to 10,000. Food and medical care are organized at the places of accommodation,” — RBC Rostov reported in the regional administration.

  • The leadership of the unrecognized Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics announced a mass evacuation of residents to Russia on Friday evening. As the head of the DPR Denis Pushilin announced, women, children and the elderly are the first to leave the DPR. It is planned to evacuate about 700 thousand people from the DPR, the local Ministry of Emergency Situations said. The head of the LPR, Leonid Pasechnik, also announced the evacuation and called on men capable of holding weapons in their hands to stand up for the LPR.

  • Vladimir Putin instructed to pay each refugee from Donbass 10 thousand rubles .

  • Pushilin claims that Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky will soon order an army offensive against the DPR and LPR. According to him, the attack will happen in the coming days. In an interview with the TV channel “Russia 24” Pushilin said that in recent days there have been signs of an imminent offensive by the Ukrainian army: demining areas on the line of contact, the accumulation of troops.

  • Commander of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Valery Zaluzhny said that Kiev did not even consider the scenario of the invasion of the Donbass, since this operation would lead to numerous casualties among the civilian population.

  • Against the background of these messages, the dollar exchange rate exceeded 77 rubles, the euro— RUB 87.5 The Moscow Exchange Index fell 2.8% to 3412.

  • The German Ministry of Defense announced that it has increased the level of readiness of its troops as part of the NATO Rapid Reaction Force in the event of an escalation in Ukraine.

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  • US President Joe Biden on Saturday night (0:00 Moscow time) will make a speech at the White House on the situation around Ukraine. An hour and a half earlier, at 22:30 Moscow time on Friday, Biden is scheduled to have a telephone conversation “with transatlantic leaders.”

New escalation around Ukraine

  • On Friday afternoon, the DPR authorities announced attempts by Ukrainian special forces to organize sabotage at enterprises. Among them— chemical plant in Gorlovka. Also in Donetsk, they claimed that the Ukrainian army plans to deliver the main blow on the Svetlodarskaya Bulge in order to cut the lines of communication between Donetsk and Luhansk.

  • Agency “RIA Novosti” reported about 19:00 Moscow time about a powerful explosion a few tens of meters from the building of the government of the DPR. Later, the People's Militia of the DPR reported that a car exploded in the parking lot. The head of the People's Militia, Denis Sinenkov, said that it was his UAZ.

  • Chairman of the Investigative Committee Oleksandr Bastrykin instructed the Main Investigation Department to open a criminal case after the car explosion in Donetsk. The Investigative Committee will try to find “involved in actions that endanger the life and health of the population of Donbass, in order to violate the peaceful coexistence of states and peoples, as well as to record evidence of their crimes.”

  • In a joint statement, the DPR and LPR Foreign Ministries announced that they refused Kiev's proposals to hold an extraordinary meeting of the contact group on the settlement in Donbass.

  • The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmitry Kuleba on his Twitter said that Kiev does not plan any attack on the republics of Donbass. According to him, Ukraine is counting on a diplomatic settlement of the conflict. He called statements from Donetsk and Luhansk part of “Russian propaganda”.

  • Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council Alexei Danilov also said that no orders “on the liberation of territories” were received. there was no force. In his opinion, they are trying to provoke Ukraine into hostilities.

  • Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister— Minister for Reintegration of the Temporarily Occupied Territories Irina Vereshchuk called on the residents of Donbass to go to the territory under the control of Kiev.

  • On behalf of Volodymyr Zelensky, Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council, Deputy Prime Minister Vereshchuk, and Also, the deputies of the Verkhovna Rada on Saturday, February 19, will go to the front line in the Donbass. Zelensky himself is expected to be in Munich that day. He is scheduled to speak at the Munich Security Conference there.

  • In Kiev, earlier they announced the aggravation of the situation in the Donbass. Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov accused the unrecognized republics of 60 shelling of Ukrainian positions in the last 24 hours alone. In turn, the LPR accused the Ukrainian army of shelling the Donbass (including the outskirts of Donetsk) with 120-mm and 82-mm mortars. And in the DPR they claim that the Ukrainian security forces fired from 120mm mortars on the outskirts of the city of Gorlovka— Zaitsevo village.

  • Governor of the Rostov Region Vasily Golubev appealed to the President with a request to provide emergency assistance to the region in connection with the large influx of refugees.

  • Apart from the Rostov Region, the authorities of several regions, including the Crimea, Kaluga, Vladimir, Penza and Chelyabinsk regions.

  • "All that Kiev needs to do— it is to sit down at the negotiating table with representatives of Donbass and agree on political, military, economic and humanitarian measures to end this conflict. The sooner this happens, the better, & mdash; said Russian President Vladimir Putin.

  • The President also suggested that the West would impose sanctions against Russia in any case, regardless of the reason. Putin called the goal of such pressure the desire to slow down the development of Russia

  • President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko announced that he would take part in the joint military exercises “Allied Resolve” together with Vladimir Putin. “We will be with you at an interesting event, we will take part in these events,” — said Lukashenko.

  • Lukashenko also said that Belarus does not want war. “But if someone is itching, then the answer will be symmetrical.”

  • The defense ministers of Russia and the United States held telephone conversations. The head of the US military department, Lloyd Austin, said after that that he called on Sergei Shoigu to return the Russian troops “surrounding Ukraine” to their places of permanent deployment.

How is the evacuation from the DPR and LPR

The evacuation of the population began in the DPR. Agency “Interfax” reported that the first from Donetsk began to take out orphans from the local boarding school. Local authorities reported that schools were closed and students would also be evacuated.

The Gorlovka authorities decided to start the evacuation at 19:30 Moscow time. Six points of dispatch to the territory of Russia were organized in the city. Everyone who departs from Gorlovka was promised a daily food and hygiene kit.

Advisor to the head of the LPR for external relations, Rodion Miroshnik, said that residents of Pervomaisky and Kirovsky districts will be evacuated first of all— regions that can be hit by artillery strikes.

The press service of the government reported that refugees from the DPR and LPR would receive a lump sum payment of 10,000 rubles from the reserve fund.

The head of the DPR, Pushilin, said that, in his opinion, the number of evacuees could reach several hundred thousand people.

What happened before the statements from Donetsk and Lugansk

The Russian Foreign Ministry published a reaction to the US responses on security guarantees the day before. Moscow stated that there was no constructive response from Washington to the Russian proposals. “In the absence of the readiness of the American side to agree on firm, legally binding guarantees of our security from the United States and its allies, Russia will be forced to respond, including through the implementation of measures of a military-technical nature,” — The Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken invited his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov to hold a meeting in Europe next week. According to him, he sent a corresponding letter to Lavrov. According to Blinken, these talks may pave the way for a meeting between the leaders of the two countries.

Despite reports about the withdrawal of Russian troops from the exercises to places of permanent deployment in the West, they continued to talk about a possible invasion of Ukraine. US President Joe Biden said on Thursday that Russia, with a “very high” likely to invade Ukraine “in the next few days.” According to Biden, he has information that Moscow is going to conduct a military operation “under a false flag.” The Kremlin replied that it was about escalating the situation.

The Washington Post, citing unnamed officials in Washington, reported that the statements of the Russian Ministry of Defense are considered there as a “trick”; in order to mislead Western countries.

The British Ministry of Defense on its Twitter published a map of a possible Russian attack on the cities of Ukraine. In London, they believe that the Russian army will first of all try to capture Kiev and the Dnieper, and then continue the attack on Vinnitsa.

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said he sees no point in direct negotiations with the DPR and LPR. “It's pointless. They just don't solve anything. Why waste time on this? he said.

Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine Oleksiy Danilov said that Kiev does not see signs of preparations for a full-scale operation by Russia. In his opinion, the purpose of the provocation was to force Ukraine to start “strongly responding militarily”, and then to accuse the Ukrainian authorities of organizing the provocation.

Russian Ambassador to the United States Anatoly Antonov on the eve accused Washington of facilitating the forced assimilation of the Russian-speaking population in Ukraine. According to him, the goal of these efforts is to “push Moscow as far east as possible.”

What dates and scenarios for escalation in Ukraine were named by the West

That the alleged “invasion” Russia to Ukraine may begin on February 16, before anyone— last Saturday, February 12 & mdash; reported citing sources Der Spiegel and Bloomberg. According to Bloomberg, the invasion was supposed to start on February 15th. At the same time, at the beginning of the month, on February 5, Bloomberg reported on the invasion that had already taken place, publishing the headline “Russia invades Ukraine.” The agency subsequently removed the post and acknowledged the error.

  • Called the date of the alleged invasion and other media. So, the fact that US President Joe Biden warned the allies about the preparation of a military operation by Russia on February 16, Politico reported, citing a source. The British official, in turn, told Politico that London has a “different interpretation” of intelligence data. Two European diplomats refused to believe in the possibility of aggression.
  • Talk publicly about the invasion of Russia and American officials. Moscow will go on the offensive before the end of the Olympic Games in Beijing— until February 20, National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said on February 11. He noted that Washington does not know whether Russian President Vladimir Putin made the decision to launch the attack and issued such an order. The fact that Russia could invade a neighboring state during the Olympics was not ruled out by US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken. He stated that this could happen at any time, including during the Games.
  • British Defense Secretary Ben Wallace said on February 10 that intelligence had reported that Russia was preparing a “false flag” operation to come up with a pretext for attacking Ukraine. He also warned of Moscow's plans to carry out cyberattacks.
  • Against the backdrop of statements about the “invasion” all new countries announce the departure of their diplomats from Ukraine and recommend their citizens to leave the country. On Friday, February 11, more than ten countries reported such decisions, including the USA, Great Britain, Israel, and a number of EU countries. Russian consular officers and diplomats leave Ukraine, RIA Novosti reported. February 12, citing an informed source. On Monday, February 14, the United States decided to temporarily move the embassy in Ukraine from Kiev to Lviv amid the aggravation of the geopolitical situation.

Negotiations amid reports of aggravation

Intensive negotiations preceded the announcement of the gradual return of the Russian military involved in military exercises.

The day before, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz held talks in Kiev with Volodymyr Zelensky. After the meeting, Scholz said that Ukraine had promised to prepare bills on special status and elections in Donbass. “The President assured me that Ukraine would present draft laws on special status and elections for discussion,” — Scholz said. He also called for direct talks between Moscow and Kiev and reaffirmed his commitment to the Normandy format.

The President of Ukraine agreed that Kiev and Berlin have disagreements on the Nord Stream 2 issue. He asked Scholz for “energy security guarantees.” “It is important that Germany becomes a guarantor of the continuation of gas transit through the territory of Ukraine”, — said Zelensky.

Before meeting with Scholz, Putin held talks with US President Joe Biden, a telephone conversation took place on Saturday, February 12, and lasted about an hour. According to the White House, Biden “clearly communicated” Putin, what would be the consequences for Russia in the event of an escalation around Ukraine.

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In turn, the Kremlin said that Biden, in a conversation, offered Putin a number of considerations on Moscow’s concerns, but they, however, do not concern key Russian proposals for security guarantees. Moscow also said that Biden, as expected, mentioned anti-Russian sanctions due to the situation in Ukraine, but there was no emphasis on this issue.

Even earlier, on February 9 and 11, British Foreign and Defense Ministers Liz Truss and Ben Wallace visited Moscow. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov described the talks with Truss as a conversation “dumb with deaf.” He noted that “ultimatums, threats, moralizing” this is a road to nowhere».

How Russia and Ukraine reacted to the “invasion” scenario

The authorities of Western countries and foreign media are colluding and creating an artificial escalation around Ukraine, commented on the new statements in the Russian Foreign Ministry. “We can talk about the conspiracy of the authorities of Western countries and the media in order to escalate artificial tension around Ukraine through a massive and coordinated stuffing of false information in geopolitical interests,” — the Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

“The hysteria of the White House is more revealing than ever. The Anglo-Saxons need a war. At any cost,»— says Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova. She announced the “skating rink of the American military-political machine”, ready to go “through the lives of people.”

The Ministry of Defense announced that the Black Sea Fleet was conducting exercises to develop the defense of the Crimean coast, the Black Sea Fleet's bases, and objects of the economic sector , as well as sea communications and areas of maritime economic activity from possible military threats.

At the Osipovichsky training ground, as part of the joint Russian-Belarusian military exercises “Allied Resolve 2022” artillery strikes against illegal armed formations were practiced.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said that there is now too much information about Russia's invasion of Ukraine. He called for proof of the planned invasion, if available. Prime Minister of Ukraine Denys Shmigal warned citizens against panic and noted that the Ukrainian army and economy feel confident.

On the morning of February 15, “Strana.ua” reported, citing sources, about Zelensky's statement at a meeting of the Servant of the People party. He explained to the deputies that the countries friendly to Ukraine are escalating the story of the war, and tried to explain to those present at the meeting that the country is being “played”, but it is resisting. According to the president, Kiev even “scandalized” with partners because of the threat of war, Strana.ua wrote.

What does the West threaten Moscow in the event of an “invasion of Ukraine”

Reuters, citing a source in the administration of French President Emmanuel Macron, said that Western countries are discussing sanctions aimed at restricting Russia's access to the SWIFT international interbank system.

At the same time, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba said that the shutdown Russia from the SWIFT payment system is currently not included in the package of sanctions under consideration, since some EU countries are not ready to give in to their own interests.

Since December, American President Joe Biden has repeatedly said that in the event of an escalation, Russia would face sanctions that were not there before. On January 20, he named among the possible consequences that Russian banks will not be able to conduct transactions with dollars.

Reuters also reported on possible US restrictions on the supply of electronics to Russia. We are talking about microcircuits and semiconductors produced using American technologies. The head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Denis Manturov, said that such restrictions would primarily hit the producers themselves, who would lose an attractive market. The minister explained such a proposal as an attempt by the Americans to oust even potential competitors.

US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken explained that Washington would not impose preventive sanctions, since in this case they would lose their deterrent effect.

London has also threatened Moscow with “the toughest sanctions regime against Russia that we have ever had”, not only in the event of an “invasion”; to Ukraine, but also when trying to install a “puppet” mode. But after a visit to Moscow, British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss told RBC that sanctions would be imposed only in the event of an invasion. “We will do it (impose sanctions.— RBC), only if there is an invasion of Ukraine. We do not want this, we do not want to impose sanctions, we would prefer to have good relations with Russia, — she said. Among the possible sanctions of London was called, in particular, the freezing of assets of Russian oligarchs in the UK. According to The Times, Britain may impose sanctions against Russian energy companies.

The US and EU are finalizing packages of sanctions against Russia. Disconnection from the interbank payment system SWIFT is not included in the list of possible measures, Reuters writes, citing US and European officials. Sanctions are likely to be imposed on major Russian banks and “some Russian oligarchs,” and there are plans to curb defense and technology exports, Reuters sources say. «Purpose— develop sanctions that will really hit Russia, but at the same time watch out for the associated risks with the knowledge that sanctions will hit Europe harder,” — one source told Reuters.

On February 11, Republican U.S. Senator James Lankford introduced proposals for a bill to sanction “Belarus or any other country that contributes to Russia's ongoing unprovoked aggression against <…> Ukraine". “Belarus is letting thousands of Russian troops into its territory. The US should make it clear that any country that supports Russia's move to invade Ukraine will face severe economic and diplomatic sanctions.” said Lankford.

How did the aggravation of the situation around Ukraine begin

Reports that Russia was building up its military presence on the border with Ukraine began to appear in the Western media in October 2021. In particular, European and American officials told The Washington Post about “unusual movements of equipment and military in the western regions of Russia.”

In November, The New York Times, citing sources reported that American intelligence had warned European colleagues that “there was little time left” to prevent Moscow from starting military operations in a neighboring country.

The Kremlin said that the movement of Russian troops across the country— solely the business of Russia. Dmitry Peskov stated that “Ukraine, most likely, is seeking another attempt to start a forceful solution to its own problem.” and that “unusual military activity is spoken of by those who themselves brought their armed forces from across the ocean.”

Back on December 7, Russian and US Presidents Vladimir Putin and Joe Biden held two-hour talks via video link. Ukraine was among the main topics. Biden said about the “threatening” the nature of the movements of Russian troops near the Ukrainian border and possible sanctions in the event of an escalation of the situation. Putin responded by saying that NATO was building up potential at Russian borders and that Moscow was interested in legal guarantees of the alliance's non-expansion to the east.

A week later, Russia handed over draft agreements on security guarantees to the United States. A new conversation between Putin and Biden, this time by telephone, took place shortly before the New Year. Security guarantees were again the main topic. The Kremlin called the conversation frank and useful, in the White House— serious and meaningful.

What Russia and NATO are trying to agree on

Russia handed over the draft agreements on security guarantees to the US and NATO in mid-December, it consists of several points. Among them, the refusal to use other states to prepare an attack on each other, the refusal to expand NATO to the east, the absence of US bases in the countries of the former USSR, the refusal to deploy armed forces in areas where their deployment would be perceived as a threat, NATO's refusal to conduct military activities in Ukraine, refusing to deploy nuclear weapons abroad.

In the United States, the EU and NATO have repeatedly declared common approaches in regard to the situation around Ukraine and negotiations with Russia. At the same time, there are certain differences in the positions of the countries and their steps. Thus, at the end of January, Great Britain agreed to transfer anti-tank guns to Ukraine, while the German authorities refused to send howitzers to Kiev and opposed the provision of old Soviet stockpiles of weapons that are in Estonia to Ukraine.

On January 26, NATO and the United States handed over to the Foreign Ministry a written response to Russian demands and asked not to publish it in the public space. As US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said after that, the responses contained US concerns about Moscow's actions and counter-proposals from the American side. According to the Secretary of State, Washington's written responses are “a set of ideas”, the decision on further steps remains with Moscow.

A few days later, Putin, in talks with Macron, said that in response, the West ignored the principle of indivisibility of security, which is fixed in the documents of the OSCE and the Council of Russia— NATO. It provides that no one should strengthen their security at the expense of the security of other countries.

Putin said that Russia is studying the responses of the United States and NATO, and will decide on further actions later.

On February 1, Lavrov sent a message to the heads of the foreign affairs departments of the United States, Canada and a number of European countries. “It won't work like that. The meaning of the agreements on the indivisibility of security lies in the fact that security is either one for all, or there is none for anyone. And as stipulated in the Istanbul Charter, each state— an OSCE member has an equal right to security, not just NATO members, who interpret this right as referring exclusively to members of the North Atlantic “exclusive” club»,— said the Foreign Minister.

Russia cannot accept the response of the European Union and NATO to Lavrov's letter about their understanding of the principle of the indivisibility of security, Maria Zakharova said on February 11. She recalled that Lavrov addressed a letter to the Foreign Ministers of 37 states— United States, Canada and European countries, and it was emphasized that Russia expects a “detailed response in a national capacity.” “Instead, [NATO Secretary General] Jens Stoltenberg and [EU diplomat] Josep Borrell write to us, which we did not contact. Such a step cannot be described otherwise than as a manifestation of diplomatic impoliteness and disrespect for our request, — said a spokesman for the Russian Foreign Ministry.

  • Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov indicated that Russia is interested in cooperation with the United States in trade, economic and investment terms, as well as on security issues. But in the absence of mutual interest on the part of the United States, Russia will expand cooperation where there is such an interest, he noted.

  • The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has decided to optimize the staff of its foreign missions in Ukraine due to the risk of provocations, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said.

  • Putin also held telephone conversations with French President Emmanuel on Saturday Macron for 1 hour 40 minutes, they discussed the situation around Ukraine. France sees no sign of Russian preparations for aggression, based on what Putin said to Macron, according to the Elysee Palace.

  • At least 34 states have advised their citizens to leave Ukraine or refrain from traveling to the country. Italy, Mexico and Sweden were among the last to make such recommendations.
  • Australia, following Canada, temporarily suspended the work of the embassy in Kiev and will place a temporary office in Lviv.
  • The embassy advised the French who are on territory of Ukraine, stock up on food and essentials. The diplomatic missions did not recommend leaving the country.
  • Serbia bought salt, beans, peas and powdered milk due to growing tensions on the border between Russia and Ukraine. President Aleksandar Vučić said that “one cannot pretend that nothing is happening” when “the whole world is hysterically waiting for something to happen between Russia and Ukraine.”
  • US staff of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission began to leave the Donbass, Reuters reported on February 13.

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Paris announced a telephone conversation between Macron and Putin

Elysee Palace: Macron will talk on the phone with Zelensky, and then with Putin “aligncenter” src=”https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/6/45/756452324972456.jpg” alt=”Paris announced a telephone conversation between Macron and Putin” />

Emmanuel Macron and Vladimir Putin

French President Emmanuel Macron intends on Sunday, February 20, to have a telephone conversation with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin. This was reported in the Elysee Palace, radio station RFI reports.

The day before, on February 19, Macron intends to talk with President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky.

«Our task— avoid the worst case scenario. We believe that it is still possible to convince President Putin not to attack Ukraine, — said the Macron administration. Russia has repeatedly said that it has no such plans.

On the eve of the French Foreign Ministry published a joint statement by the head of department Jean-Yves Le Drian and his German colleague Annalena Burbock. The ministers said they took note of the statements made by the leaders of the unrecognized DPR and LPR about the evacuation of residents of the region to Russia, allegedly as a precautionary measure in anticipation of a possible attack from Ukraine.

“We see no basis for these accusations and call on Russia to use its influence on the self-proclaimed republics, calling for restraint,” — LeDrian said and the Burbocks added that they were afraid of “fabricated incidents” that could be used as a pretext for military escalation.

Kyiv has repeatedly denied the preparation of a military offensive in the Donbass. On February 19, on behalf of Zelensky, NSDC Secretary Oleksiy Danilov, Deputy Prime Minister Irina Vereshchuk, as well as deputies of the Verkhovna Rada will go to the front line. The President himself intends to participate in the Munich Security Conference on this day.

Macron and Putin have spoken on the phone several times since the beginning of the year, the last conversation took place on February 12. A few days later, the State Duma decided to send Putin an appeal to recognize the DNR and LNR. The French leader appealed to his Russian counterpart not to do this, he was supported by Germany, Ireland, Estonia, Albania and Norway. They stressed that the recognition of the republics would be a violation of the sovereignty of Ukraine, as well as a step against the implementation of the Minsk agreements.

Putin said earlier that Russia should do everything to solve the problem of Donbass, but it will proceed “first of all from the possibilities of implementing the Minsk agreements.”

February 7, Putin held talks with Macron in Moscow. At them, according to a Reuters source, the Russian president recalled claims to Western countries since the Cold War and accused them of “betrayal”; and breaking the promise not to expand NATO. Macron, after the meeting, allowed the adoption of innovative solutions to resolve the crisis.

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Britain following the US will move the embassy in Ukraine to Lviv

The British Embassy in Ukraine will temporarily move from Kiev to Lviv Earlier this week, the US State Department announced a similar decision

The British authorities are temporarily moving the embassy in Ukraine from Kiev to Lvov. This is stated in a statement from the UK Foreign Office. The decision was made against the backdrop of “the buildup of Russian troops near the borders of Ukraine and the threat of military action.”

Employees of the diplomatic mission will draw up documents and provide consular assistance. It will be possible to get into the office only by appointment.

The Office advised British citizens who will remain in Ukraine to remain vigilant “because of possible military operations”, follow the information in the media and for travel recommendations.

On February 14, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken announced the temporary transfer of the embassy from the Ukrainian capital to Lviv. Such a measure was taken “for the safety of employees”; diplomatic missions against the backdrop of a “significant build-up of Russian forces”

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson then said that the authorities of the United Kingdom had made a “weighted decision”; while leaving the embassy in the Ukrainian capital, the BBC reported. However, later Foreign Minister Liz Truss announced the transfer of some diplomats to Lviv, saying that “the threat of a Russian invasion remains.”

Truss has said several times that she believes a Russian invasion of Ukraine is likely and has threatened Moscow with tough sanctions. On February 15, she expressed concern that the Russian side might conduct a “false flag” operation in Ukraine; in the coming days, or prepare a provocation to justify an invasion. Russia has repeatedly denied these accusations. The representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, said that Truss uses “the tactics of throwing anti-Russian fakes into the information space, which are designed in the style of” high-like “, and called on the British minister to apologize to Moscow and Kiev.

Against the backdrop of growing tensions in German power also announced the transfer of their Consulate General to Lviv from the Dnieper. The country's Foreign Ministry noted that the embassy in Kiev will continue to work, but the diplomatic staff will be reduced. More than 30 countries recommended their citizens to leave Ukraine. Some states have begun to evacuate non-essential staff of embassies and families of diplomats.

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DPA announced an increase in NATO readiness due to the escalation around Ukraine

DPA: NATO upped soldiers' readiness due to 'crisis with Russia'

NATO due to 'crisis with Russia' and fears about a possible fear on the Russian-Ukrainian border. This was reported by the DPA agency, citing a source close to the alliance.

We are talking about the rapid reaction forces (NATO Response Force, NRF). Thousands of soldiers must be ready for redeployment to the conflict area not within 30 days, as before, but within a week.

The NRF consists of ground, air and sea units, as well as special forces, they are designed to provide operational support for NATO operations. In December 2021, Die Welt reported that against the background of the movement of Russian troops near the border with Ukraine, the alliance increased the combat readiness of forces with a total number of 40 thousand military personnel.

The material is being supplemented

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Johnson answered police questions about Downing Street parties

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British Prime Minister Boris Johnson gave police answers to questions about Downing Street parties that were organized under lockdown. This was reported by Sky News.

Earlier it became known that law enforcement officers began to question those present at the event. Johnson was given a week to explain.

The British Premier had previously been criticized for holding this party at the residence. Johnson refuses to resign and urges to wait for the results of the investigation.

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The DPR announced the shelling of the village of Styla

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The representative office of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic in the Joint Center for Control and Coordination of the Ceasefire stated that Ukrainian soldiers fired twice at the populated Styla point.

The shelling came from 120 mm mortars after 03:00 Moscow time. The first salvo fired 15 mines, the second – 12.

Earlier, it became known about the evacuation of citizens of the LPR and DPR due to the escalation of the situation in the region.

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In Washington, spoke about the preparations for the protests

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The Capitol Police on their website spoke about preparations for possible protests that could erupt in Washington during the speech US President Joe Biden on March 1.

Biden will present the State of the Union report. On the same day, a convoy of heavy trucks is planning to arrive in Washington to participate in demonstrations.

American law enforcement officers promise to protect public order in accordance with the First Amendment to the US Constitution. We are talking about guarantees of freedom of speech and assembly.

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Planned exercises of strategic deterrence forces to be held in Russia

Scheduled exercises of the strategic deterrence forces, during which ballistic and cruise missile launches will be carried out, will be held in Russia on February 19 under the leadership of President Vladimir Putin, TASS reports.

According to Ministry of Defense, the maneuvers were planned earlier to check the readiness of military command and control bodies, launch crews, crews of warships and strategic missile carriers.

The exercises will involve the forces and means of the Aerospace Forces, the Strategic Missile Forces, the Southern Military District, and also of the Northern and Black Sea Fleets.

The press secretary of the Russian leader, Dmitry Peskov, during a conversation with reporters, noted that such exercises and even training launches are impossible without the participation of the head of state.

“You you know about the famous black suitcase, the red button and the like,” he said.

According to a Kremlin spokesman, the Russian leader will monitor the exercises from the situation center.

Earlier, Vladimir Putin and the head of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko, also agreed to strengthen military cooperation between the two countries following the growing activity of NATO on the eastern borders of the alliance.

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NATO raises the readiness level of thousands of soldiers – media

NATO countries against the backdrop of the “crisis with Russia” increase the readiness level of thousands of soldiers of the alliance, according to DPA, citing sources.

According to the German agency, we are talking about the rapid reaction forces (NATO Response Force).

The publication also notes that that these units should be able to move into the “conflict” area; within seven days, not 30, as it was before.

We note that in recent months, Western countries have been accusing Moscow of preparing an “invasion”; to Ukraine and against this background are strengthening their presence in Eastern Europe. At the same time, the Russian side has repeatedly denied accusations of “aggressive actions”, and also stated that it does not pose a threat to other states.

Earlier, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the countries of the alliance continue diplomatic efforts to resolve the situation around Ukraine.

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The DPR said that the Armed Forces of Ukraine shelled Dokuchaevsk for the fifth time in a night

Ukrainian security forces fired 20 mines with a caliber of 82 mm at the Dokuchaevsk area in the Donetsk People's Republic.

This was reported by the DPR representative office in the Joint Center for Control and Coordination of the Ceasefire in its official Telegram channel.

According to him, the shelling was carried out after 4:20 am Moscow time.

Earlier, 40 AGS grenades and 15 mines with a caliber of 120 mm were also fired at this area .

In addition, as noted in the representation of the DPR, from the positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, shelling was carried out in the direction of the village of Styla and the village of Gagarin's mine. According to these settlements, the Ukrainian military fired 34 mines of 120 mm caliber.

The situation on the line of contact in eastern Ukraine escalated on the morning of February 17. On Friday, the authorities of the unrecognized republics of Donbass announced the temporary evacuation of civilians to the territory of the Russian Federation in connection with the threat of an invasion of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

Earlier it was reported that the Ukrainian security forces also placed 22 T-72 tanks near the village of Podlesne in the Luhansk People's Republic.

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OSCE reports nearly 900 ceasefire violations in Donbass

OSCE SMM recorded 870 ceasefire violations in Donbas on February 17 OSCE monitors recorded 870 ceasefire violations in Donbas on February 17, a day before the self-proclaimed DPR and LPR announced the evacuation of the population. The parties continue to accuse each other of shelling

Observers of the Special Monitoring Mission of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE SMM) in Ukraine recorded 870 cases of ceasefire violations in Donbass per day.

The data are given as of the evening of February 17. The mission report says that in the Donetsk region the ceasefire was violated 222 times, 135 explosions occurred in the region. In the Luhansk region, 648 violations were recorded per day, including 519 explosions. Data for February 18 is not yet available.

The SMM statement also said that the number of violations in Donbas has increased in recent days to a level similar to that observed before the agreements on measures to strengthen the regime came into force in July 2020. The head of the mission, Yashar Halit Chevik, urged the parties to take measures to reduce tensions and refrain from “inciting public rhetoric.”

Ukraine and the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics (DNR and LNR) continue accuse each other of violating the ceasefire. On the night of February 19, the unrecognized republics announced that the Ukrainian security forces fired several times at the settlements of the DPR and LPR.

Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Valery Zaluzhny said that the actions of the Ukrainian security forces are exclusively “defensive in nature.” In turn, the commander of the joint forces of Ukraine Oleksandr Pavlyuks reported that in the Donbass “there is a high probability of committing terrorist acts with the aim of killing the civilian population and blaming the Ukrainian military for this,” reports UNN. In addition, according to a Ukrainian intelligence message on Facebook, Russian special services mined a number of social infrastructure facilities in Donetsk.

On February 18, the authorities of the DPR and LPR announced the start of the evacuation of civilians to Russia, primarily elderly people, women and children. In the unrecognized republics, they claim that Kiev is preparing for an attack on the Donbass. The Ukrainian authorities deny this and urge “not to believe the lies” about preparing for the attack. The National Security and Defense Council of the country believes that they are trying to provoke Ukraine into hostilities. This was also stated by US President Joe Biden.

Refugees from the DPR and LPR are being delivered to the Rostov region. Acting head of the Russian Emergencies Ministry Alexander Chupriyan instructed the department to identify regions that can also host residents of Donbass. Earlier, such readiness was expressed by the authorities of the Crimea, Chelyabinsk, Penza, Kaluga and Vladimir regions. President Vladimir Putin instructed to pay refugees arriving in Russia 10,000 rubles each, funds for this were allocated from the budget.

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Billions froze: how Afghanistan wintered under the rule of the Taliban

More than 20 million people in Afghanistan need some form of assistance, the UN said. RBC video

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The embassy denied Russia’s involvement in cyberattacks in Ukraine

The Russian Embassy in the United States denied Moscow's involvement in cyber attacks in Ukraine /media/img/5/48/756452577621485.jpg” alt=”Embassy denies Russia's involvement in cyberattacks in Ukraine” />

Moscow categorically denies allegations by the administration of US President Joe Biden of involvement in cyberattacks on Ukraine state sites of Ukraine. This is stated in the Twitter message of the Russian Embassy in the United States.

The Russian side drew attention to the statement of Deputy Assistant to the President of the United States for National Security Ann Neuberger, who admitted the involvement of Russian intelligence services in cyber attacks on the websites of the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense and a number of Ukrainian banks. The embassy considered such data unfounded.

“Russia has nothing to do with the events mentioned and, in principle, has never carried out and does not conduct “malicious” operations in the virtual space»,— assured in the diplomatic mission.

U.S. authorities believe that the Russian government is responsible for large-scale cyberattacks on Ukrainian banks and the website of the Ministry of Defense, Neuberger said during a briefing the day before.

According to a White House spokesman, the Russian the party thus wants to gather intelligence for “preparing a subversive cyberattack”; in case Moscow decides to take further military action against Ukraine.

“The GRU infrastructure transmitted large amounts of information to Ukrainian IP addresses and domains,” — Neuberger emphasized.

Earlier, on February 15, the websites of the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces, as well as Privatbank and Oschadbank, were subjected to DDoS attacks. Then the Security Service of Ukraine suspected the Russian intelligence services of being involved in cyber attacks on state websites.

After that, the US authorities offered Kiev assistance in investigating cyber attacks and shutdowns of servers on government websites.

Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov called it expected that Ukraine continues to blame Russia for everything. He assured that Moscow was not involved in any DDoS attacks, including in Ukraine.

This year, Ukraine is not the first time faced with a cyber attack on government sites. So, in January, hackers attacked at least 70 websites, including those of the Cabinet of Ministers, the Ministry of Education and Science, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Sports and other Ukrainian departments. They posted an appeal to Ukrainians with a call to “be afraid and expect the worst.”

The Ministry of Digital Transformation of Ukraine accused Russia of a cyber attack. According to Kiev, this was done to destabilize the situation in the country, stop the work of the public sector and undermine the confidence in the authorities on the part of citizens. Moscow denied the accusations.

Against this background, representatives of the White House, intelligence, the US Department of Homeland Security and other departments discussed preparations for repelling cyber attacks in Ukraine and in the States themselves.

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The head of the DPR Pushilin announced a general mobilization

The head of the DPR Denis Pushilin signed the order on general mobilization Deputies of the People's Council of the DPR then adopted a law on general mobilization. The head of the republic, Pushilin, called on the men in the reserve to arrive at the military commissariats

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Head of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) Denis Pushilin announced general mobilization, Donetsk News Agency reports.

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“I call on fellow countrymen who are in reserve to come to the military commissariats. Today I signed a decree on general mobilization, — said the head of the DPR.

Pushilin appealed to all men living on the territory of the republic and capable of holding weapons, with a call to protect their families, Donbass and “all Russian people”.

The law on general mobilization was adopted by the deputies of the People's Council of the DPR at an extraordinary extraordinary plenary meeting on February 19.

The day before, the evacuation of residents began in the DPR. Local authorities have said they intend to take out about 700,000 people, primarily women, children and the elderly. Pushilin noted that there was no talk of evacuating the men yet. If a man wants to take his family out in a private car, he can do it, “but if he wants to get on a bus with women and children, then no,” — he stressed.

According to the latest data from the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the self-proclaimed republic, more than 6.6 thousand people were evacuated to Russia from the DPR, including more than 2.4 thousand children.

About the intention the authorities of the self-proclaimed Lugansk People's Republic (LPR) also announced the evacuation of the population. Now an organized convoy is being formed to evacuate 10,000 people. In total, 25 thousand people left the LPR: we are talking about those who left the republic not from the moment the evacuation was announced. The head of the administration of Lugansk, Manolis Pilavov, said that about 160 children from the city's orphanages would soon be sent to the border with Russia.

The head of the LPR, Leonid Pasechnik, also called on men capable of holding weapons in their hands, “Stand up to defend your land.”

Refugees began to be placed in the Rostov region. Readiness to accept refugees was also expressed by Crimea, Chelyabinsk, Penza, Kaluga and Vladimir regions.

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The head of the LPR announced a general mobilization following the DPR

The head of the LPR, Leonid Pasechnik, signed a decree on general mobilization following the DPR Following the head of the DPR, Denis Pushilin, the head of the LPR, Leonid Pasechnik, announced general mobilization. Men aged 18 to 55 were banned from traveling outside the self-proclaimed republic ” alt=”The head of the LPR announced a general mobilization following the DPR” />

Leonid Pasechnik

The head of the LPR Leonid Pasechnik signed a decree on general mobilization. This is reported by the Luhansk information center.

“I decide: to announce a general mobilization on the territory of the Lugansk People's Republic”,— says in the document. Pasechnik instructed to notify the People's Council of the LPR of the announced mobilization.

The head of the republic emphasized that the decision was made to bring the people's militia and other military formations to full combat readiness in order to create conditions for repelling “aggression against the LPR”.

The decree on general mobilization establishes a ban on leaving the LPR for men aged 18 to 55.

Earlier, the head of the DPR, Denis Pushilin, announced general mobilization. He called on the men in the reserve to come to the military commissariats. After that, the deputies of the People's Council of the DPR adopted a law on general mobilization.

On February 18, Pasechnik called on men capable of holding weapons in their hands to “stand up for the defense of their land.”

In the DPR and LPR began to carry out the evacuation of the civilian population. According to the latest data from the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the DPR, more than 6.6 thousand people were taken to Russia, including more than 2.4 thousand children. A convoy is being formed in the LPR to evacuate 10,000 people.

The Rostov region has already begun to receive refugees. Governor Vasily Golubev declared a state of emergency in the region from 10:00 on February 19. The regional government switched to round-the-clock operation.

Crimea, Chelyabinsk, Penza, Kaluga and Vladimir regions also announced their readiness to accept refugees.

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State of emergency introduced in the Rostov region

The head of the Rostov region Golubev introduced a state of emergency due to refugees from the Donbass Due to the growing number of refugees from the Donbass, the head of the Rostov region Golubev introduced a state of emergency in the region

People stand by the bus in the Rostov regionafter the evacuation from Donetsk

Governor of the Rostov region Vasily Golubev, at a meeting with the acting head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, Alexander Chupriyan, said that he “considers it expedient” introduce a state of emergency in the region from 10 am on February 19. Chupriyan called the decision correct.

“Given the trend towards an increase in the number of arriving citizens, we consider it appropriate to introduce an emergency regime from 10:00 on February 19,” — Golubev said. The regional government has switched to round-the-clock operation, he added.

On February 18, the DPR and LPR authorities announced the start of the evacuation of civilians to Russia, primarily women, children and the elderly. Against this background, the Rostov region introduced a high alert regime. Temporary accommodation centers have been created in the region at recreation centers, sanatoriums and health camps where refugees will be accommodated.

Acting head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations Alexander Chupriyan and head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova went to the Russian region to help organize the reception of refugees.

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Also, Igor Guskov, First Deputy Governor of the Rostov Region, said that the region received 5 billion rubles from the federal budget. to help the evacuated residents of Donbass.

Acting head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations Alexander Chupriyan instructed to identify regions ready to accommodate refugees. In addition to the Rostov region, Crimea, Chelyabinsk, Penza, Kaluga and Vladimir regions have declared their readiness to receive residents of Donbass.

According to the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the DPR, more than 6.6 thousand people were evacuated to Russia, including more than 2, 4 thousand children. An organized convoy is being formed in the LPR to evacuate 10,000 people.

Earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed to pay 10,000 rubles each. to every refugee from Donbass. The funds will be allocated from the country's reserve fund.

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