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The diplomat explained how India became the main buyer of weapons from Russia

Appointed Ambassador to India Denis Alipov spoke about the conditions for the sale of weapons to India Russia offered India unique conditions for the purchase of weapons, which made it possible to reach a total volume of orders of $14 billion, appointed Ambassador to India Denis Alipov told RBC. Due to what the relations between the two countries are developing – in the material of RBC “The diplomat explained how India became the main buyer of weapons from Russia” />

Denis Alipov

How India became the largest buyer of Russian weapons

India— Russia's largest partner in the defense sector, and Moscow offers New Delhi the best conditions for cooperation, Denis Alipov, appointed Russian ambassador to India, told RBC. According to him, the total portfolio of Indian orders in monetary terms exceeds $14 billion.

“This, by the way, is a quarter of Russian arms sales abroad. India for us— the largest partner in the defense sector»,— said the diplomat. “The figure is big, let's hope that it will grow. The plans are big, but the market has long been very competitive. It was like this when the arms sales scheme was still in effect, and now it's like this, when the Indians are reorienting their partners towards technology transfer. We offer the Indians, perhaps, the best conditions, so it is difficult to compete with us, — Alipov said. He added that the weapons— “not seeds, which this year can be sold for one amount, but last” on the other”, contracts are designed for many years and for the future. They are accompanied by offset programs, continued cooperation, and therefore it is more correct to talk about the total portfolio of orders than to separate sales amounts by year, Alipov explained.

Denis Alipov was appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Russia to India on January 12, 2022 by decree of President Vladimir Putin. He has not yet presented his credentials. Alipov was born in 1970, graduated from the Institute of Asian and African Countries at Moscow State University, in the diplomatic service— since 1993. From 2010 to 2016— Minister-Counselor of the Russian Embassy in India. In 2016–2022— Deputy Director of the Second Department of Asia of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia.

During Russian President Vladimir Putin's visit to India last December, the countries signed an intergovernmental agreement on a program of military-technical cooperation (MTC) from 2021 to 2030. It includes the supply and development of weapons and military equipment. Also, Putin and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi signed a joint statement, which refers to the reorientation of cooperation between Moscow and New Delhi in the field of military-technical cooperation to the joint development and production of advanced defense technologies and systems.

Commenting on the possibility of India withdrawing from the contract for the supply of Russian S-400 systems due to possible sanctions from Washington under the CAATSA law (“On countering US adversaries through sanctions”), Alipov emphasized that “India has repeatedly stated that it is conducting an independent foreign policy, and this deal is in the interests of its security and concerns only our two countries. “We have no doubts about her commitment to these agreements,” — added the diplomat. Earlier, the Hindustan Times, citing sources, reported that the first regimental set of S-400 “Triumph” air defense systems in India will be put into operation in April, and the remaining four— until 2023.

Speaking about the joint production of weapons with India and the transfer of technology to it, Alipov assured that Russia has enough very competitive proposals that may be of interest to Indian partners. “From the existing projects, I would name the production of missiles BrahMos— this is a very successful project, and the production of Kalashnikov assault rifles, which is now being launched in India. These are also examples of joint production and technology transfer,»,— said Alipov.

What determines the construction of a new nuclear power plant

Alipov does not agree with the thesis that the development of trade and economic relations between Russia and India has slowed down. He recalled that in 2019 Novolipetsk Iron and Steel Works decided to expand its presence in the Indian market and is now completing the construction of a new plant for the production of high-quality steel in India. It should be launched in 2022. The diplomat also noted the start in 2017 of diamond-cutting production by the Indian company KGK DV (part of the KGK Group corporation) in Vladivostok. “Currently, there are two Indian companies operating in the Far East that are engaged in the diamond-cutting business. And in general, as is known, India's interest in the Far East is very great. This also applies, for example, to the extraction of coking coal, the oil and gas industry, the Northern Sea Route, interaction in transport and logistics projects, — said Alipov.

The diplomat also spoke about the course of negotiations with New Delhi regarding the construction of a Russian-designed nuclear power plant. Previously, Rosatom expressed readiness to launch the serial construction of Russian-design nuclear power units of the most modern generation 3+ at a new site in India. According to Alipov, serial production of Russian-designed nuclear power plants in India involves the allocation of a larger area for them. “Negotiations about this are underway. An agreement in principle on the allocation of a new site for a nuclear power plant of Russian design has been reached, but the Indians have not yet fixed a specific site. In a country as densely populated as India, it is not easy to find a suitable place that meets all the requirements. In any case, this is the task of the Indian side, and we would like it to happen as soon as possible, — Alipov said. He doubted the possibility of giving a forecast regarding the timing of fixing the new site for the nuclear power plant, but noted that the Russian side has a desire not to delay this issue.

What role does India play in relations with USA and China

According to Alipov, Russia and India continue to actively develop bilateral ties and strengthen a particularly privileged strategic partnership. “To put it simply, we have nothing to share with India, and therefore there is no basis for any disagreement. India is an independent subject of international relations, its weight in the world is steadily increasing, this trend is fully in line with the interests of the Russian Federation,— said the diplomat.

Commenting on the statements of experts that the United States sees India as one of the main allies in confronting China, the interlocutor of RBC called this point of view erroneous. “I think it is a mistake to think that India becomes the vehicle of someone's ambitions in the confrontation with China. Americans may think differently, and, as they say, to health, let them continue to be mistaken. At the same time, our close relations with China are self-sufficient, they have a unifying agenda and are not directed against anyone. Equally, we have self-valuable relations with India,»,— explained Alipov.

The diplomat added that Russia has long established close cooperation with India on the Afghan issue, both on a bilateral basis and within the framework of multilateral mechanisms. “One of these is the Moscow format of consultations on Afghanistan, where India participates along with other key states of the region. Through the Security Council, we have a bilateral dialogue at the level of secretaries of the security councils,— he said. Alipov confirmed that the consultation mechanism on Afghanistan through the security councils, which Putin and Modi agreed upon at the end of the summit, has already begun its work. According to him, the mechanism covers all aspects that are relevant to security issues, counter-terrorism cooperation and work in relation to the threats that come from Afghanistan. “Both Russia and India consider the activities of terrorist organizations in Afghanistan the main destabilizing factor that affects the security situation in the country. Among such groups, one can first of all name [terrorist organizations] banned in Russia ISIS, Al-Qaeda, Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, East Turkestan Islamic Movement, Jamaat Ansarullah, etc. other. Of particular concern is the expansion of the positions of ISIS, which does not hide its plans to extend its influence to the Central Asian states, and then to Russia,— he added.

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Former Deputy Chairman of the KNB of Kazakhstan Yergozhin sent to custody


Former deputy head of the National Security Committee (KNB) of Kazakhstan Daulet Yergozhin was sentenced to detention in custody, the KNB said.

“We inform you that K. Massimov, A. Sadykulov and D. Yergozhin have been taken into custody as a preventive measure,” the report says. It is emphasized that the criminal case has been classified as “Top Secret”.

According to representatives of the special services, other “data of the pre-trial investigation are not subject to disclosure.”

Former head of the KNB of Kazakhstan, Karim, was previously detained Massimov and his deputy Anuar Sadykulov. The issue of choosing a preventive measure for Yergozhin is under consideration.


The leader of the Turkish party announced the need to recognize Crimea as Russian Ankara


Turkey should accept that Crimea belongs to Russia, Dogu Perincek, Secretary General of the Turkish Vatan (Motherland) party, believes .

According to the politician, there is a “steady foundation” for cooperation between Russia and Turkey in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean: Moscow should recognize the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, and Ankara should recognize Crimea as Russian.

Recall that Crimea became part of Russia as a result of a referendum held there in March 2014, during which 96.77% of the inhabitants of Crimea and 95.6% of the voters of Sevastopol supported joining the Russian Federation. At the same time, Ukraine continues to consider Crimea its territory, but temporarily occupied.


Russian Su-30SM fighters patrolled the border of Belarus

Russian Su-30SM fighters patrolled the border of Belarus, RIA Novosti reports.

According to the Russian Defense Ministry, Russian and Belarusian crews worked out joint patrolling of the state border of the republic as part of a force check response of the Union State.

The flight was carried out at an altitude of about eight thousand meters and a speed of about 750 kilometers per hour.

While patrolling the Belarusian border, the fighter crews also worked out maneuvering elements as part of a pair of « master-slave.

Recall that earlier the Russian anti-aircraft missile system S-400 “Triumph” also arrived in Belarus on combat duty.


Naval massacre. How diplomats sank big ships

In February 1922, the United States, Britain, France, Japan and Italy signed the Washington Naval Agreement on the limitation of naval armaments. So the “Washington battleships” appeared in the fleets of these countries. and “Washington cruisers”.

No entry allowed to the RSFSR

In less than 20 years, they were to meet in naval battles of World War II.  Ironically, pygmy battleships built to Washington restrictions had to fight overgrown cruisers.

The conference was proposed convened United states. It was supposed to involve countries with access to the Pacific Ocean — USA, Japan and China. Plus — countries that had colonies in this region — UK, France, Netherlands, Portugal. Well, countries that had concessions in China — Belgium and Italy. 

Battleship BB-36 “Nevada”, 1944. Photo: Public Domain

Soviet Russia did not receive an invitation on the grounds that since 1920, instead of the RSFSR, the puppet FER — Far Eastern Republic. Moscow, in response, stated that it does not recognize any decision adopted at the conference. 

The Conference started 12 November 1921 As a result three treaties were signed: on the division of spheres of influence in the Far East, on respect sovereignty China (into which not so long ago troops were sent at their own discretion)  ;and on limitation of the naval arms race. 

Let's focus on the latter. battleships — threatened to ruin the participating countries. Indeed, the “battleship race” beginning of the 1920s threatened to slip into final madness. The shipyards laid ships with a displacement of more than 40 thousand tons & nbsp; and a caliber of guns of 16 inches (406 mm) & nbsp; & mdash; it in the UK and USA. The Japanese, who switched to the metric system, settled on the 410 mm caliber. Next in line were 18-inch monsters with Anglo-Saxon guns. calibers & nbsp; (457 mm) & nbsp; and Japanese almost half a meter — 460 mm. More caliber — – more ship — more shipyard, and so on without stopping.

Battleship “Yamato” on trials, 1941. Photo: Public Domain

One country laid down a battleship, another, to counter this, laid down an even more powerful one, and so on. Sometimes the ships became obsolete even in the process of construction. 

But the main reason was not even the size. A large ship cost tens of millions of dollars, at that time — the amount is gigantic, and the construction and maintenance of a large fleet could literally ruin even the most powerful economy. The growing calibers of artillery required an increase in the displacement of ships. Not far off was the “heavyweight problem”; — when the battle of even two heavy ships with powerful artillery inevitably led to the death of one of them, therefore, the battle must be avoided as long as possible. The prospect loomed that the gigantic fleets, literally devouring the budget every day (after all, ships must be maintained in combat readiness and regularly go to sea at least for exercises, and this costs a lot) will simply be an ever-growing “black hole”, which, at the same time, is dangerous lead into a general battle. With the same success, countries could demonstrate their power by simply throwing money into the sea by trucks. 

Someone had to be the first to say “enough” if only for your own good. 

Not to mention the fact that the presence of a large fleet is too tempting to use it against a “smaller” one. powers, and this is already the beginning of the chain to a new world war. In any case, such arguments in society also sounded — later it will be seen that the arms race is only a consequence of the contradictions between large economies and the division of markets, but then it was believed that this could be stopped.

Victims of the struggle for peace

The agreement was intended to preserve the ratios between the tonnages of the fleets of the superpowers that existed at that time. The total tonnage of the largest — of the British fleet — was set to a million tons. The same limit was envisioned for the US Navy. 

The tonnage of the French and Italian fleets should not exceed 1/3 of the tonnage of the British fleet,  round —                    350 thousand tons, of which 175 thousand  tons accounted for battleships.

Japan's share was set at half the US — half a million tons, but the Japanese managed to negotiate another 10% and received a quota of 600 thousand tons.

Thus, the proportions of the tonnage of battleships for 5 states should have been 5: 5: 3: 1.75: 1 ,75. 

The United States undertook to scrap 9 unfinished battleships and 6 battlecruisers. Great Britain was asked to abandon the construction of 4 battlecruisers and scrap 19 obsolete battleships Japanese should refuse 7 unfinished ships   battleships of the pre-dreadnought era (that is, obviously very outdated). In total, 3 great maritime powers abandoned 70 large military ships with a total displacement of 1.878 million tons. 

«Secretary of State USA Charles Hughes  (it was he who was the «motor» of the conference. — AiF) sank more battleships in 35 minutes than all the admirals of the world over the centuries», — The London Times wrote about this.

Washington-style restrictions

According to the “Washington restrictions”, the standard displacement of battleships should not exceed 35 thousand tons , and the caliber of guns — 406 mm.

For aircraft carriers, a maximum displacement of 27 thousand tons was established. It is curious that the maximum caliber of guns was also set for aircraft carriers. Then it was believed that a self-respecting aircraft carrier would fight off enemy surface ships with its own artillery. Each of the signatory countries was allowed to convert two battleships or battlecruisers from among those intended for scrapping into aircraft carriers.

The conference did not adopt any restrictions on cruisers, except for determining the maximum allowable tonnage of 10 thousand tons and caliber of the main artillery in & nbsp; 203 mm.

About what role aircraft carriers will play in the coming world war, no one has yet guessed. But the restrictions on battleships caused an increase in interest in cruisers. High speed, long cruising range and strong armament made cruisers the main ships in the European theater of operations in World War II. They were engaged in raiding and guarding convoys, and if necessary could compete on equal terms with the “big brothers” — battleships.

Our people in Washington

As already mentioned, Russia was not allowed to participate in the Washington Conference. But our people still worked at that time in the US capital. We are talking about the trade mission of the Far East, with which the Americans nevertheless decided to cooperate. Not for naval affairs (the RSFSR did not have such ambitions at that time), but for purely Far Eastern ones.

Alexander Yazykov was appointed chairman of the mission.He was born in 1874 in St. Petersburg, studied at the university. Established Soviet Power in Kostroma, from 1919 he worked as Deputy People's Commissar for Foreign Trade.

Odessian Boris Skvirsky born in 1887. He was a Social Revolutionary, later a Bolshevik. At the beginning of 1920 he was hired by the People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the RSFSR, from where he was sent to the Far East.

Peter Karavaev, like his colleagues, was a professional revolutionary. He was born in 1884  g. in the Kostroma province. Since 1903, he was a member of the RSDLP, a Bolshevik, a participant in the Civil War in Siberia and the Far East. By the way, he became the only member of the “Washington Troika” who was not later repressed.

The Troika was accepted in the Russian section of the State Department, she managed to establish contacts with the US business community and American newspapers. It is believed that it was Yazykov, Skvirsky and Karavaev who managed to achieve what the United States “asked” for Japan from the Soviet Far East.

By the way, Soviet Russia gained strength to build an ocean-going fleet only 15 years after the end of the Washington Conference. Laid down in 1938 at the Baltic Shipyard, the battleship Sovetsky Soyuz had a total displacement of 65,000 tons and a 406-mm main battery gun. True, due to the outbreak of World War II, neither he nor his two “sisterships” were ever completed.


Roshydromet recorded a record number of air pollution in 2021

In 2021, Roshydromet recorded 406 cases of high air pollution, which is a quarter more than the record set in 2020. This is reported by RIA Novosti with reference to the study.

The number of recorded cases of pollution was strongly influenced by the renewal of air monitoring stations. For this reason, the number of identified pollution increased by 23% over the year. 

The Krasnoyarsk Territory most often suffers from large-scale emissions into the atmosphere (89 cases of high pollution and 31 cases of extremely high pollution), Samara (51 cases of VA and 2 cases of EVD), Orenburg (36 cases of VA) and Irkutsk regions (25 cases of VA and 1 case of EVD), as well as Buryatia (16 cases of VA).

The authors of the study emphasized that in the cases monitored, the main pollutants were hydrogen sulfide, benzpyrene, and sulfur dioxide. 

Earlier it was reported that in Russia about 85% of packaging should be recycled by 2030.


Media: in the State Duma they want to allow any self-defense when entering a home

Parliamentarians have prepared an initiative that gives citizens the right to protect their lives, relatives and friends from any criminal encroachment of persons illegally entering a house or apartment. The newspaper “Izvestia” writes about this. with reference to the explanatory note to the bill.

The bill provides for amendments to Article 37 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

As the author of the initiative, Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Labor, Social Policy and Veterans Affairs, Yaroslav Nilov, told the newspaper, the topic of such changes to the legislation was raised earlier, but the initiative did not find support.

As noted in the text of the document, penetration into a home can lead to murder, grievous bodily harm, rape or kidnapping. At the same time, the homeowner is limited by the scope of necessary defense and must assess the nature of the danger of violence or threat. At the same time, “the right to inviolability of the home is the most important constitutional human right.”

Yaroslav Nilov called it unacceptable that a person who defended himself from an intruder, protecting his family, “he found himself on the dock».

According to the data of the Judicial Department under the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, which are given in the explanatory note to the bill, in only one half of 2021, 132 people were convicted under the article on murder committed in excess of the limits of necessary defense, only two were acquitted.

At the end of January, Russian President Vladimir Putin recommended that the Supreme Court, by June 1, summarize judicial practice in cases involving excess of self-defense in non-life-threatening assaults and provide clarifications on this issue. The head of state noted that it is necessary to analyze the existing practice and protect people who defend themselves and save other citizens.


In Tambov, quarantine at schools was extended until February 9 due to the situation with SARS

The authorities of Tambov have extended until February 9, inclusive, the suspension of classes in the city's schools due to the large number of cases of SARS. This was announced by the head of the administration of the regional center Maxim Kosenkov on his page on VKontakte.

The mayor noted that a large number of cases of infection of students and teachers are still recorded in Tambov, for this reason the quarantine imposed on January 29 is being extended.

The educational process in schools, gymnasiums and lyceums was initially suspended until February 7. For the same period, municipal institutions of additional education ceased their activities.

During the suspension of classes, duty classes work in schools.

Earlier it was reported that schoolchildren will be transferred to the distance in the absence of 20% of the children in the team. Previously, one COVID-19 case was enough to switch to remote mode.


What is the title of queen consort and what powers does it give?

Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain has expressed her wish that the wife of Prince Charles Duchess Camilla of Cornwall be crowned queen consort when the heir to the throne becomes king. The monarch announced this in her message to her subjects, dedicated to the 70th anniversary of her reign.

The life of Prince Charles in photographs

Prince Charles, Princess Anne and one of the Royal Corgis, 1951. ©

Prince Charles looks out the window of the royal train, London, 1954. ©

The Queen Mother Elizabeth with her grandson Charles during the Trooping the Color parade, a traditional ceremony in honor of the Queen's birthday. 1968 ©

Prince Charles and Princess Diana are on their way to Waterloo Station, from where they will embark on their honeymoon. 1981 ©

Prince Charles and Princess Diana with their son William. 1991 ©

Prince Charles during a visit to South Africa, where he met with President Nelson Mandela and the British pop group Spice Girls. 1997 ©

Prince Charles with his sons, William and Harry, at Highgrove Manor, Gloucestershire. 1999 ©

Prince Charles and former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher attend the opening of a new building at the Royal Chelsea Hospital in London. year 2009. ©

Prince Charles fires his paintball gun. year 2012. ©

Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, at Royal Ascot. year 2013. ©

Queen Elizabeth II Prince Charles. 2017 ©

Wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle. Prince Charles leads the bride to the altar. 2018 year. © Reuters

Prince Charles The Duchess during a cannon salvo to celebrate the opening of the Fowey Festival. 2018 year. ©

Family portrait for the birthday of the Prince of Wales. 2018 year. © Reuters/Chris Jackson/Getty Images/Clarence House

The life of Prince Charles in pictures

Prince Charles, Princess Anne and one of the Royal Corgis, 1951. ©

Prince Charles looks out the window of the royal train, London, 1954. ©

The Queen Mother Elizabeth with her grandson Charles during the Trooping the Color parade, a traditional ceremony in honor of the Queen's birthday. 1968 ©

Prince Charles and Princess Diana are on their way to Waterloo Station, from where they will embark on their honeymoon. 1981 ©

Prince Charles and Princess Diana with their son William. 1991 ©

Prince Charles during a visit to South Africa, where he met with President Nelson Mandela and the British pop group Spice Girls. 1997 ©

Prince Charles with his sons, William and Harry, at Highgrove Manor, Gloucestershire. 1999 ©

Prince Charles and former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher attend the opening of a new building at the Royal Chelsea Hospital in London. year 2009. ©

Prince Charles fires his paintball gun. year 2012. ©

Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, at Royal Ascot. year 2013. ©

Queen Elizabeth II Prince Charles. 2017 ©

The wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle. Prince Charles leads the bride to the altar. 2018 year. © Reuters

Prince Charles The Duchess during a cannon salvo to celebrate the opening of the Fowey Festival. 2018 year. ©

Family portrait for the birthday of the Prince of Wales. 2018 year. © Reuters/Chris Jackson/Getty Images/Clarence House

“When the time comes and my son becomes king, I know that you will give him and his wife Camille the same support that you gave me. I sincerely wish that, when the time comes, Camilla will become Queen Consort and continue her faithful service, — the message says.

What does the title queen consort mean?

The title queen consort refers to the wife of the reigning king. It means that the spouse of the sovereign has the same social status and monarchical title as him, but at the same time she does not have the political and military powers of the regent (the ruler temporarily exercising the powers of the monarch), and also does not share the sovereign power of the reigning king.

The word “consort” (English consort) means spouse (from Latin consors accomplice, partner). 

In Britain, the king's wife has royal rank only “by her husband.” Despite the title, the queen consort is considered a subject of the king and does not have any power in the state. Her financial support depends on her husband and his income. Also, marriage to a king regnant does not add a queen consort to the list of heirs to the throne. After the death of the king, his throne by law always passes not to his wife, who has the rank of Her Majesty the Queen, but to their eldest legitimate child, who occupies the first place in the legislatively approved List of succession to the throne.

Why does the Duchess of Cornwall need the title? 

Prince Charles and Camilla Parker-Bowles married in 2005. All five years after their wedding, the royal family insisted that Camilla — princess consort, that is, the wife of a crowned person who does not have the right to be queen. Camilla was not popular with the British for a long time due to her relationship with Prince Charles during his marriage to Princess Diana. To avoid disagreements and omissions, at the conclusion of the marriage, Camilla took the second title of Prince Charles — The Duchess of Cornwall, so as not to overshadow the memory of Princess Diana, who was the Princess of Wales during her lifetime.

The love story of Camilla Parker-Bowles and Prince Charles in photographs

Camilla Shand was in a close relationship with Charles in the early 1970s, but her candidacy as the prince's bride did not suit Elizabeth II. Therefore, the girl married officer Andrew Parker-Bowles, whom she divorced in 1995. Relations with Charles after his marriage to Diana Spencer in the 1980s resumed, which was one of the reasons for the collapse of the union of the Prince and Princess of Wales. ©

Charles and Camilla married in 2005, 9 and 10 years respectively after divorcing their first spouses. The ceremony of their marriage was devoid of pomp and scope. The marriage was registered in the municipal department of Windsor, while the queen was not present. ©

2005. George Bush Jr and Charles, Prince of Wales, with their spouses. © Public Domain

year 2009. Reception for G20 leaders at Buckingham Palace in London. ©

2009. Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall visiting the Dawoodi Bohra Mosque of the Islamic Community. ©

2009. Charles, Prince of Wales, and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, celebrate the Hindu festival of Holi. ©

2009. Camilla and Prince Charles at Llwynivermode in Wales. ©

2009. The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall in the Galapagos Islands during a ten-day tour of South America. ©

2011. At the wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton in London. ©

2012. ©

year 2013. Prince Charles and Camilla rode the train from Farringdon to King's Cross to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the London Underground. ©

2015. Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, visit the Sandringham flower show at the royal estate in Norfolk. ©

The love story of Camilla Parker-Bowles and Prince Charles in photographs

Camilla Shand was in a close relationship with Charles in the early 1970s, but her candidacy as the prince's bride did not suit Elizabeth II. Therefore, the girl married officer Andrew Parker-Bowles, whom she divorced in 1995. Relations with Charles after his marriage to Diana Spencer in the 1980s resumed, which was one of the reasons for the collapse of the union of the Prince and Princess of Wales. © 798″ style=”display: block;” />

Charles and Camilla married in 2005, 9 and 10 years respectively after divorcing their first spouses. The ceremony of their marriage was devoid of pomp and scope. The marriage was registered in the municipal department of Windsor, while the queen was not present. ©

2005. George Bush Jr and Charles, Prince of Wales, with their spouses. © Public Domain

year 2009. Reception for G20 leaders at Buckingham Palace in London. ©

2009. Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall visiting the Dawoodi Bohra Mosque of the Islamic Community. ©

2009. Charles, Prince of Wales, and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, celebrate the Hindu festival of Holi. ©

2009. Camilla and Prince Charles at Llwynivermode in Wales. ©

2009. The Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall in the Galapagos Islands during a ten-day tour of South America. ©

2011 year. At the wedding of Prince William and Kate Middleton in London. ©

2012. ©

2013. Prince Charles and Camilla rode the train from Farringdon to King's Cross to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the London Underground. ©

2015. Prince Charles and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, visit the Sandringham flower show at the royal estate in Norfolk. ©

The question of what title Camilla will take when her husband becomes king has long remained unresolved. When the couple got married, Clarence House (the Westminster residence of members of the British royal family – ed. note) made an official statement that the status of the new wife of Prince Charles would sound like “princess consort”. However, in 2018, this information disappeared from the site, as a result of which discussions on this issue did not stop until the Queen herself clarified this issue. 


✍️ On the eve of the 70th anniversary of her Accession to the throne, The Queen has written a message thanking the public and her family for their support, and looking forward to #PlatinumJubilee celebrations over the coming year. #HM70

— The Royal Family (@RoyalFamily) February 5, 2022


Sobchak on Ukrainian TV spoke about Putin’s health

Photo: Lilia Sharlovskaya

Russian TV presenter Ksenia Sobchak took part in a political talk show on the Ukrainian TV channel “1+1”. During her inclusion via video link, she discussed the status of Crimea and the Kuril Islands and explained why Moscow would never make concessions on these territories.

According to Sobchak, for any Russian leader, concessions on the status of Crimea in negotiations with Ukraine, as well as the Kuril Islands, in contact with Japan would be “political suicide.” She explained that in Russia a large number of voters of Vladimir Putin support the entry of Crimea into the Russian Federation, and in such a situation, abandoning the peninsula for any politician would mean losing support.

Therefore, in her opinion, the Ukrainian leader Vladimir Zelensky will also never stop talking about the need to return the Crimea – otherwise the Ukrainians will not understand him.

Sobchak also said that power in Russia will not change in the near future, unless Putin's health fails, but she is ” does not believe.”

“Well, except for some biological reasons. But here, it seems to me, Vladimir Vladimirovich is in good health, goes in for sports a lot. I don't see any prerequisites for this,” she said Sobchak.


Roskomnadzor thinks about introducing restrictions against YouTube


Izvestia tells about the message of Roskomnadzor, which was at the disposal of the editors. The agency thought about imposing economic restrictions on YouTube video hosting in response to the blocking of RT DE channels.

In its message, Roskomnadzor refers to the Federal Law “On the Activities of Foreign Persons on the Internet.” As restrictive measures, a ban on search results, advertising and transaction restrictions are considered.

In December, YouTube blocked the RT DE channel on the first day of broadcasting. On February 1, 2022, the broadcasting of the TV channel was banned in Germany, citing the lack of a license. Russia, in response, stopped broadcasting DW in the country.


Britain decides to send more troops to Estonia in February


An additional contingent of British troops will arrive in Estonia in February. This was stated by British Ambassador Ross Allen. According to him, a regiment stationed in Germany is being prepared for the transfer. This is about 850 military personnel, as well as tanks and artillery.

The diplomat found it difficult to name the period of stay of the group in Estonia. According to him, initially it was about two or three months. Then an assessment of the international situation will be carried out and a decision will be made.

At the moment, the UK has a battalion of 1.2 thousand people stationed in Estonia. Of these, 900 military personnel are subjects of the kingdom. In addition, 140 British troops are now part of the US-led multinational alliance battalion in Poland.


US revealed Russia’s plan to seize Ukraine: secret video

Lavrov is tired of refuting

State Department spokesman Ned Price said at a press briefing that the Russian intelligence services are planning to film a video staging a Ukrainian military attack on Russian territory. This will be the rationale for the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov called these statements “crazy”. Why? Not a bad script, modern.

Photo: AP

A fascinating dialogue between Ned Price and journalist Matt Lee took place at the briefing. Fascinating and revealing.

Lee: Do you have any proof?

Price: If you doubt the accuracy of the data of the US government, the British government, other governments and want to find solace in the information that the Russians spread, then the flag is in your hands.

Lee: Comfort?! I'm not asking what information the Russian government is spreading. What does this even mean? I've been in the profession long enough to remember both the claims of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and the assurances that Kabul would not fall. I remember a lot. Where is the declassified information, besides what you come out here and say?

Price: I'm sorry you don't like the content. I'm sorry that you question the information that the US government has. The information is being made public to contain Russia. If none of what the United States warns about happens, this does not mean that the information is not true. If the Russians don't give this move, it's not a sign that they didn't have such plans.

Lee: Then it's unprovable! Oh my God! What evidence do you have that the Russians are planning this at all? I'm not saying it isn't. But you just go out and say it and expect us to believe it without seeing a hint of evidence.

Price: The source of this is intelligence we have declassified. Of course, I will not disclose what exactly is at our disposal.

Familiar, right? “We have such devices, but we will not tell you about them…” US citizen Matt Lee is invited to take his government's word for it, and not the information of a geopolitical enemy. And most US citizens believe theirs, not strangers. Just like ours. It is also proposed to take the word of your government – and most of the citizens of Russia believe.

This was also the case during the First Cold War. Here, bears with balalaikas walked the streets and the KGB shot non-party people for looking sideways at the portrait of Ilyich, and here, it means that Negroes were lynched and shot, respectively, demonstrations of workers demanding their labor penny. By the way, when I saw the Gaza Strip and the West Bank of the Jordan River (in my pioneer childhood it seemed like something huge, scary and significant), I laughed for a long time.

This is happening now. We respond to Europe's concern about the accumulation of our troops: our territory, where we want, we put troops there, you don't have to worry, we have peaceful intentions.

But now the People's Militia of the self-proclaimed LPR declares that the preparation of the Armed Forces of Ukraine for an offensive in the Donbass has entered the final phase, and most of the weapons received from the United States and Britain have been delivered to military positions near the line of contact. Ukraine, however, can declare that this is its territory and it wherever it wants, it puts troops there, no need to worry, does it have peaceful intentions? Believe? No. We don't trust them, they don't trust us.

And, oddly enough, the rapid development of information technology, the openness of the information space, not only do not allow a person to understand what is really happening, to see the very truth, but only bury it even deeper. New technologies have taken the Cold War to a new level.

The move on both sides is no longer just false accusations, but false accusations of creating fakes for the sake of false accusations. And no one remembers anymore, because of what it all started (and, by the way, because of what, huh?) The essence has already been washed away and dissolved by the waves of the ocean of lies. The winner is the one who has a more powerful technological base and more creative PR people. From the other side, the picture is formed more beautifully than from ours – nothing can be done.

The trouble is that our politicians – the old generation of facts – are trying to negotiate with the new generation, the “highly like” generation. It is pointless and unpromising, and therefore very tiring. You see, even the iron Lavrov began to get tired. Then he will call the head of NATO “lost touch with reality”, now he called the plan of the Russian special services, well thought up by American intelligence, “crazy”.


Journalist Milashina refused to participate in the Kremlin’s experiment

And she did the right thing

Novaya Gazeta journalist Elena Milashina left the Russian Federation, mixing both the plans of the leadership of Chechnya and the calculations of the federal center – at least in that part of them which we know from public statements. And she did it absolutely right.


The plans of Kadyrov and his team regarding the journalist, however, are completely open. At a rally held last Wednesday in Grozny, a number of categorical demands were made to the president on behalf of the “peoples of Chechnya”, including the demand to “arrest and bring to justice such agents of Western intelligence services and instigators as Elena Milashina, Igor Kalyapin and others.”

A little earlier, the head of Chechnya said that the journalist Milashina and the human rights activist Kalyapin are “terrorists” for him – at least “accomplices of terrorists”, – and with both of them he has a short conversation: “We have always destroyed terrorists and their accomplices, between whom there is no difference, and we will continue to do so with them in the future. We have cleared our land of them and now we fight them mercilessly, wherever they are.”

In general, whoever did not hide is to blame. With all that threatens the journalist with the position taken by the leadership of the republic, it is impossible not to see in her a position, a certain plus. Still, it's great when a politician's language is the same as on his mind. Who is forewarned is forearmed. Nobody warned Boris Nemtsov and Anna Politkovskaya out. In any case, he did not warn so loudly and so insistently. And where are Nemtsov and Politkovskaya now?

About what the Kremlin's plans are in connection with this situation, there is, alas, only indirect evidence. “I want to refer to the legal rights of these citizens,” the presidential press secretary commented on Kadyrov’s threats to Milashina and Kalyapin. “Any citizen, including politicians and heads of the region, has the right to make statements. Citizens, in turn, there is a right to react to these statements, either by refuting it, or using some other judicial options in terms of protecting one's honor and dignity… We must be based on the fact that we live in a state of law.”

At the same time, Dmitry Peskov said that he did not know anything about whether the president would ask law enforcement agencies to look into this situation: “I have no answer to this question.”

Well, that is, the plan, as one can assume, was as follows: using the example of Milashina and Kalyapin to prove to those of little faith and slanderers that we really have a legal state and journalists and human rights activists are under its reliable vigilant protection. That the Constitution and laws – including the law “On the Mass Media”, which provides for liability for “forcing a journalist to disseminate or refuse to disseminate information” – are not for the screen, but in earnest.

And for this, for the purity of the experiment , it is really necessary to exclude any intervention of the first person. Well, after such an intervention, Milashina and Kalyapin would have remained alive, healthy and free, and not in a Chechen zindan – so what? The public would once again be convinced that without a personal safe-conduct certificate issued in the Kremlin, no one can feel safe in our country.

But if the same result is achieved as if by itself, on the machine – thanks only to the use of “judicial options in terms of protecting one's honor and dignity”, – this is a completely different matter. This is indeed an argument.

Nevertheless, the fact that Elena Milashina disrupted this most interesting experience is absolutely not to be regretted. He's very risky. From the Kremlin, of course, the risks are seen differently, but even there, I think, they will not deny that the chances of critics of the current Chechen order for a long, quiet life are somewhat less than the average. There are no others, and those are far away. Coincidence? Well, of course it's a coincidence. But as philosophy teaches us, chance is an unknown regularity.

In general, God protects the safe. However, in no case should you throw out the baby with water: the idea of ​​u200bu200bsuch an experiment is generally sound and productive. It's just that the test subjects should not be journalists and human rights activists, but someone stronger, more tempered. Well, let's say that our valiant security forces are representatives of law enforcement agencies.

Let them enter into a dispute with the leadership of Chechnya on some issue within their competence. There are plenty of reasons. Let's take the same threats against journalists, human rights activists and political opponents – why not? We would be interested in this discussion. According to its results, the testers will survive, they will remain with shoulder straps and positions – therefore, there is light at the end of the tunnel. No – give up hope, everyone here is still fluttering.

Well, for Elena Milashina, it’s better to really stay outside the test site until the clarification.


American scientist criticized US missile defense: easy to break through and drown

“There is no reliable long-range ballistic missile interceptor”

The US-built missile defense (ABM), on which the Pentagon spends tens of billions of dollars every year, is not capable of intercepting Russian and Chinese ballistic missiles. rockets. This was stated by a freelance senior researcher at the Quincy Institute for Responsible Public Administration (USA), ex-president of the Plowshares Foundation (USA) Joseph Sirincione.


“I don't think US missile defense is working,” Joseph Sirincione said in an interview posted on the YouTube channel of the Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe. – … There is no reliable long-range interceptor for a ballistic missile. Missile defenses are too easy to bypass, break through, jam, and so on. We don't have it.”

Joseph Sirincione said that he had studied the problem of missile defense for more than 30 years. “This was my first assignment, when I was a staff member of the House Armed Services Committee in the 1980s, I know these systems thoroughly,” he added.

At the same time, according to him, the United States spends $20 billion a year on missile defense. For comparison, this is almost half of the Russian military budget.

Such spending on US missile defense, according to the expert, provokes Russia and China to strengthen their nuclear missile potential. “That's why the Chinese are increasing the number of ICBM silos, that's why they're testing hypersonic glide missiles,” the expert said.

He called the process an arms race. “One side is trying to gain an advantage by building up an offensive arsenal and creating defensive systems, the other side has to respond. And she's only gaining momentum. We have become part of this process again,” said Joseph Sirincione.

The expert urged “to start retreating from this madness that has brought us to the threshold of nuclear war many times and can lead again.”

The scientist said that in the 1980s there were about 70 thousand nuclear weapons in the world. Now their number has been reduced to 13 thousand units, including the so-called low-yield nuclear weapons or tactical nuclear weapons. The United States has 5,000, Russia has almost 6,000. China has about 300 nuclear weapons and is building up its nuclear potential. Now China has about 100 missiles that can deliver about 130 warheads to the US mainland. France has about 350, the UK has about 200.


Political scientist assessed the deployment of Russian bases in Latin America: “No one will take risks”

Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua already have a lot of problems

Politicians and military experts continue to comment on the possible deployment of Russia's military infrastructure in Latin America. Russian Ambassador to Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador Alexander Khokholikov said that Russia's military presence in Nicaragua allows the law of this country. But Washington has already said that the US will take action if Russia considers a military presence in the Western Hemisphere. Earlier, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov did not rule out, but did not confirm, the possibility of deploying Russian troops in Cuba and Venezuela.

Photo :

Some military experts believe that Russia, in response to NATO's eastward expansion, could send military instructors to Nicaragua, Venezuela and Cuba, deploy intelligence centers or even a naval base there. How realistic are these plans in the current environment? This question was asked by MK to a well-known political scientist, a specialist in Latin America, Oleg Yasinsky.

– I think that, despite all the fairness of Russia's demands on NATO and the US, these plans are not very realistic. This is more of an emotional reaction than a project based on the realities of Latin America. For example, Cuba is now going through a very difficult period in its history. Assistance from Russia is minimal, China is guided by purely pragmatic considerations in relation to it. Cuba is now very hopeful that there will be some kind of easing of US sanctions that Biden promised before the elections. I do not think that the current Cuban leadership will go to further complicate relations with the United States in order to geopolitically support Russia, relations with which are neither ideologically nor politically a priority for Cuba. Some level of military cooperation remains, but how much should this level be in order to be comparable to the deployment of American weapons near Russian borders? An equivalent threat to the United States would be the deployment of Russian nuclear weapons in one of the Latin American countries. But that seems completely impossible to me.

– There is a very strong pro-American opposition, which is financed from the USA. The situation is very fragile. There is relative civil peace in the country. The deployment of Russian weapons or troops would lead to huge internal problems, which the government does not want there. In addition, according to the country's constitution, foreign military bases cannot be located there.

– There is a big internal political crisis in Nicaragua. The country is economically more focused on China. The government of Daniel Ortega is quite unpopular, there is a serious internal conflict. Playing with Russia for Nicaragua is fraught with a very strong complication of the internal situation. As for some instructors, observation bases, this is quite possible. But I don't think it's a serious threat to the US. At the same time, this is like a red rag to the bull, which would cause serious tension in the region, which these governments do not want at all.

– This is not excluded, but in any case it is a serious argument for the right opposition. I don't know how beneficial this is now for the Nicaraguan government. It seems to me that they will think three times before deciding on this. Before, when there was a socialist camp, the USSR, solidarity, disinterested support of our own people would have looked logical. During the Caribbean crisis, Cuba was ready to sacrifice itself because there was a very strong ideological motivation. Dislike for the US today is not enough to take such risks.

– I would like to hear a response from the government of Cuba. It would be right to know the opinion of those countries where all this is planned. But so far I haven't heard anything. Moreover, Cuba will not agree to this if it hopes for an easing of US sanctions. The situation there is really very difficult. In recent years, Cuba has lived off tourism and oil supplied by Venezuela. Now there is less oil due to the crisis in Venezuela and the tightening of the naval blockade of Cuba. The pandemic has hit tourism. It is unlikely that the Cuban government will want to further complicate the situation by worsening relations with the United States. Moreover, not for the sake of an ideological ally, but for the sake of capitalist Russia.


Is it true that the eyes can determine the risk of premature death?

“Arguments and Facts” Weekly No. 5. The roles played by Leonid Kuravlyov are still relevant today 02/02/2022

Scientists from several countries conducted a study and found out how to determine the probability of early death by the retina of the eye. Since 2006, they have studied more than 80,000 images of the fundus of almost 47 thousand people aged from 40 to 69 years. Machine learning algorithms were used to process them.

Those who subsequently died of cancer were found to have  rapidly aging'; retina: its condition did not correspond to the real age of the person. In general, as it turned out, each additional year of difference between the age of the retina and the actual age is associated with a  increase in the risk of death from all causes by 2–3%.

Scientists explain the found connection by the fact that there are many nerve endings and blood vessels in the fundus of the eye, and the pathological changes in them occur simultaneously with the changes in the vessels of the whole organism, including the diseased organs . Damage to the retina and its aging can be caused by hypertension, high blood sugar and cholesterol levels, malnutrition or obesity.

The results of the study can be used for diagnostic purposes.


Telegram could be fined 55 million euros in Germany

The German authorities may impose a fine on Telegram in the amount of 55 million euros if legal measures are taken against the organization, according to Süddeutsche Zeitung , citing a representative of the country's Ministry of Justice.

Recall that two investigations have been launched against Telegram in Germany. The first relates to the lack of “easily recognizable and direct ways to report illegal content”, the second is due to the lack of an authorized representative of the company in the country.

According to the publication, the maximum fine in these cases can be 55 million euros . It is clarified that violation of the rules on the publication of objectionable content implies a fine of up to 50 million euros, and the absence of an authorized representative implies a penalty of up to five million euros.

Earlier, German Interior Minister Nancy Feser said that the agency had the first conversation with the management of Telegram about cooperation. According to her, the parties agreed to continue the exchange of views.


Private under compulsory health insurance. 15 regions are included in the pilot patronage project

Story National projects

3.7 thousand will be covered by patronage within the pilot project with private medical organizations in 2022 .

15 regions will receive funding from the federal budget for  implementation of a pilot project to involve private medical organizations in the provision of medical and social services to people aged 65 years and older. The corresponding order was signed on January 27 by Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin. The pilot project is being implemented thanks to the national project “Demography” from 2020 .

In 2022, 351 million rubles will be sent to fifteen regions: the Republic of Buryatia, Mordovia and Tatarstan, Belgorod, Volgograd, Voronezh, Kemerovo, Kostroma, Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Ryazan, Tambov, Tula and Ulyanovsk regions. To participate in the project, organizations undergo a competitive selection, according to the results of which they are provided with grants in the form of subsidies from the federal budget.

In the  Voronezh Region,  the winners of the contest for selection of private medical organizations to participate in the provision of medical and social services to persons aged age years and older were Medica» and CHUZ «Clinical Hospital„RZD-Medicine“ city ​​of Voronezh. This year, as part of a pilot project, 175 older people will be able to use the services of these organizations (last year —160 people). “Since 2020, our institution has been participating in the implementation of a pilot project to involve private medical organizations in providing medical and social services to people aged 65 years and older, — says Elena Mikulich, head of polyclinic No.   in Voronezh. — Aid has become especially relevant in pandemic conditions, when an increased burden fell on public healthcare institutions in connection with a new coronavirus infection. Our interaction with state clinics allows older people to avoid additional contacts. With medical and social patronage, we covered the elderly who need regular medical care, our specialists, at least once a week, visit the elderly, conduct tests and vaccinations at home. Probably the most important thing for older people, especially for single — participation, listen carefully to their complaints about the state of health, invite narrow specialists if necessary. And the main award for medical work — hear words of gratitude from them».

In      Buryatia                                                     Elderly spouses Orlovsreceive assistance as part of a pilot project. Elvira Semyonovna and Mikhail Averyanovich have been together for 62 years. Both had a stroke at different times. Mikhail Orlov even twice, after that he stopped talking, but his wife understands him even without words. The well-being of the elderly is regularly monitored by a patronage doctor who comes to home. “What she says, what she advises, I do impeccably. Let's say she looked, measured the pressure, oxygen, she also brings some kind of apparatus, determines and signed us up for holter, ultrasound of the heart», — says Elvira Orlova. A patronage doctor from a private clinic comes once a week. Assistance is provided to those elderly people who, due to health reasons, cannot visit the medical facility themselves. In Ulan-Ude, such services are provided by the Ritm center. “We also employ nurses who provide direct care in nursing care, intramuscular, intravenous subcutaneous drug injections, decubitus care, urethral catheter care, and stoma care   “— comments Dorji Zambalov, Deputy General Director of KDC RITM LLC.

Galina Yakovlevna Kudashevalives alone from  Zarinsk, Altai Territory, divorced with her husband, the rest of the relatives have dispersed to different parts of Russia. "For me, that a therapist from  a private clinic comes to my home — it's just a lifesaver! It's incredibly convenient. To get to the therapist at the polyclinic in our local polyclinic, you have to get up at 4 in in the morning, walk to there and get in line. Due to the state of health, I am physically unable to do this. Therapist Andrey Vyacheslavovich Maltsev — very attentive doctor, always asks me in detail about my well-being. Thanks to his sensitive attitude, the treatment regimen was changed for me, and despite the new drugs prescribed, my condition stabilized. It became much easier for me» — says Galina Yakovlevna. According to her in addition to the standard items that are included in doctor's home visits: measuring blood pressure, blood sugar, pulse, saturation level, and other parameters, the doctor gives very valuable advice to his patients. How to stabilize blood pressure at home, what foods you can eat, and what you can’t — so that sugar does not rise. Marina Puzyreva, Director of the Comprehensive Center for Social Services for the Population of the City of Zarinsk, notes: thanks to the operation of the pilot project on the territory of Zarinsk, the load on the activities of state polyclinics is significantly reduced.  In Zarinsk, in addition to the social worker, the therapists from private clinics also come to their homes. Such important work is carried out within the framework of the national project “Demography”. Departure of therapists at home, assessment of the general health of elderly citizens at home has significantly reduced the load on public medical institutions in our territory  — notes the head of the complex center.

A pilot project to attract private medical organizations to provide medical and social assistance to older people started in the spring of 2020 and is being implemented as part of the national project Demography. In pilot regions, private organizations interact with the polyclinic, to which an elderly person is attached, and provide him with the necessary assistance as prescribed by the district doctor. This format is especially important during the pandemic of a new coronavirus infection and allows older people to avoid additional contacts.


Minus 7 degrees expected in Moscow on Saturday

Cloudy weather with clearings is predicted in the Russian capital on Saturday, February 5, according to the official website of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

“Cloudy with clearings. Mostly without precipitation. Black ice,” the message says.

Daytime air temperature in the city will be from minus five degrees to minus seven degrees.

Wind of variable directions at a speed of two to seven meters per second. Atmospheric pressure – 741 millimeters of mercury.

On Sunday night, cloudy weather, light snow and sleet are predicted in the capital. The wind is southeast and south at a speed of five to ten meters per second.

The thermometers can drop to minus 12 degrees. Atmospheric pressure will be 741 millimeters of mercury.

Earlier the scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia Roman Vilfand spoke about whether early spring will come to Moscow.


What did the expedition of Russian scientists find in Syria?

For the third year now, Syrian specialists and researchers from Sevastopol University and Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, with the assistance of the Ministry of Defense and Russian Geographical Society, have been studying the largest island of Syria — Arvad. The next stage of underwater archaeological research has recently been completed.

Arvad. Photo: NASA

Arvad was one of the largest Phoenician city-states, it was mentioned in the Old Testament and the papyri of the Egyptian pharaohs. Now the fragments of this ancient civilization are under water. For the first time in the last 30 years they were studied during the course of a joint Syrian-Russian expedition.     by by now, the remains of the Arvad fortress walls that collapsed on the seabed, which were built in  from blocks up to 3 meters, — says head of the expedition from the Russian side, member of the Russian Geographical Society Viktor Lebedinsky. — Masonry of large stone blocks — the remains of an ancient pier that covered the harbor of the island. Laser scanning, aerial photography, photogrammetric surveys, as well as georeferencing of the surviving fragments of fortress walls and port facilities, whose age is more than 3 thousand years».

In addition, Russian specialists drew up plans and 3D models of four uninhabited islands located in a chain south of Arvad Island. These islands (El Abbas, El Faris, El Fanar and  Makroud) are interesting because they were actively used by the inhabitants of Arvad for the extraction of stone blocks, from which defensive walls and other structures were built. Some large blocks still lie under the water: they were lost in in antiquity during transportation.

During the three seasons of the expedition from the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea, artifacts from almost all historical eras represented in the region were raised. These are parts of ceramic vessels and  sarcophagi of the Phoenician, Greek and  Roman periods, household items of the Byzantine period, basalt cores of a throwing machine of the Crusader era. All found items were handed over to the Department of Antiquities and Museums of Tartus Province.

Russian specialists held master classes for Syrian colleagues on working with modern scientific equipment for underwater archaeological and field research. Now they are busy processing data. The continuation of the research is planned for August-September 2022. The result of this expedition will be the creation of a 3D model of the defensive walls of Arvad Island. Scientists will combine the remains of walls and port facilities on shore with those that are now under water. You will get a digital copy of the fortress lost thousands of years ago.


What can be collected in the forest, and what can not?

Russian legislation allows citizens to collect for personal needs in the forest almost everything that does not belong to timber resources. These are mushrooms, medicinal plants, mosses, berries, deadwood, etc. e. Exceptions are rare plants listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation. It is also forbidden to export wild plants from the forest on an industrial scale.

What can be collected in the forest?

In the forest, according to Art. 11 of the Forest Code of the Russian Federation , can be harvested for consumption:

  • deadwood;
  • mushrooms;
  • berries;
  • medicinal plants;
  • birch sap;
  • mosses, lichens;
  • other forest resources for personal needs and in allowable volumes (for example, it is allowed to carry away mushrooms in a basket). >

    Deadwood includes non-timber forest resources that do not show traces of sawing, cutting or signs of life. According to Art. 17 Order of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia dated  16 July 16, 2018 No. 325, deadwood is considered to be the remains of tree trunks, twigs that are not logging residues and formed as a result of the natural death of trees.

    At the same time, dead wood or orphan wood, logs, logging and sawing materials left in the forest are not considered dead wood. Fallen trees that still have foliage are also prohibited from being used as deadwood. They can still serve nature for many years.

    What is forbidden to collect in the forest?

    Russian legislation allows you to collect almost everything in forest for free. There are only a few restrictions:

    • You cannot collect resources on an industrial scale and for the purpose of sale. That is, if a forest inspector finds a citizen with dryers and warehouses for processing and storing mushrooms at the gathering place, he will have questions for him. In in this case, the private person must have in hands documents authorizing the collection of forest gifts for the purposes of commercial activities (lease agreement for a forest plot).
    • It is forbidden to harvest and gather mushrooms and wild plants that are listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation, and also the redbooks of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
    • You cannot collect mushrooms and wild plants recognized as narcotic drugs (in  in accordance with Federal Law No. 3-FZ “On” narcotic drugs and “psychotropic substances”.

    In addition to federal restrictions, each subject of the Russian Federation has additional regional regulations that control the collection of forest resources.

    What threatens violators of forest legislation?

    According to Art. 8.25 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation, for  illegal logging, damage to forest plantations or unauthorized digging of trees, shrubs and lianas in forests, a fine is provided:

    • up to 5,000 rubles for individuals persons;
    • up to 30 000 rubles for officials;
    • up to 70 000 rubles for legal entities.

    Also, for violation of the law (for illegal logging), they can confiscate products of illegal nature management and seize tools for committing an administrative offense.

    Collecting and harvesting of prohibited wild plants entails an administrative fine:

    • for an individual — in amount from 500 to 1,000 rubles with confiscation of the instrument for committing an administrative offense, as well as products of illegal nature management;
    • for officials — from 1,000 to 2,000 rubles similarly with the subsequent confiscation of tools and products;
    • for legal entities — from 10 000 to 20 000 rubles also with subsequent confiscation of tools and products.

    Sources: /#/document/12150845/paragraph/48:0 /cons_doc_LAW_34661/322db8e22d7aff2b08bdc692ac0ad3bd92189075/


Why are the planets round?

The force of gravity makes planets round, which happens the same way in all directions. Thanks to it, the particles collide with each other, forming a single whole. This is how the planets were born, which eventually increased and became more massive, and the shape turned into a spherical one. 

Why are planets round? 

As scientists write, planets are formed from world dust and particle collisions. Under the influence of gravity, particles are attracted to each other until they form a single ball. 

In the process of formation, the ball becomes more massive and heavier and attracts more and more matter to itself. This is where gravity comes into play. And the more parts are attached to the ball, the more the force of gravity increases.

Due to the fact that gravity is the same in all directions, the planet turns into a ball. New parts join the planet and spread out over its surface, making it round.

 Can the planet Earth be considered perfectly round?

The earth is an “oblate ellipsoid”. It's not exactly spherical. The planet has a bulge in the middle (at the equator).

This is due to the fact that the Earth rotates around its axis, moving further in the middle than its policy, that is, the planet at the equator moves faster than at the poles. “After reaching a certain age, a new planet always takes on a bulge around its middle. Accordingly, her “polar” and “equatorial” diameters are different», — noted in a scientific article.  

  Why aren't asteroids round?

Asteroids and satellites are much smaller than planets in size and mass, so the force of gravity is hardly felt here, which leads to a less round shape, explain scientists.

For example, according to the journal Science Focus, comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko is a trillionth of the weight of the Earth. In shape, it looks more like a “rubber duck”, but not a ball. 



Why are young people in no hurry to move out from their parents?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 5. The roles played by Leonid Kuravlyov are still relevant today 02/02/2022

In Spain, young people under 35 will be paid an additional 250 euros if they agree to move out from their parents.

In Russia, young people under 30 do not want to live independently either. Why?

Timofei Zhukov, 27, Yekaterinburg City Duma deputy:

— In principle, any economic or social measures that encourage young people to lead independent and adult lives can only be welcomed. The same housing problem has always been very acute in Russia. A young person who has just received an education simply will not find a job that would allow him to take out a mortgage or rent an apartment and live independently of his parents. So a low-income family simply cannot afford to send a recent child “free-floating”. People save, optimize their expenses in order to simply survive.

However, it's not just the lack of finances. The key factor that makes a boy or girl leave their parents and start an independent life, – it's creating your own family. But in recent years, the priorities of young people have changed dramatically. No one is in a hurry to “move in”, to get married, and even more so to have a child. Someone is studying, someone is trying to make a career, and someone just wants to “live for himself.” In addition, we have become more closed. The young man lives in the world of gadgets, social networks and virtual friends, studies remotely, works remotely. At the same time, it is habitual and convenient for him to live under the same roof with his parents. He understands that, having left them, he will inevitably face the responsibility & ndash; if not for others, then for yourself, your loved one, with concern for your daily bread, and so on. So he will not move out from his parents – even if you make it rich.

Drawing AiF/A. Dorofeev

I have serious doubts that such a system of encouraging youth, which they want to introduce in Spain, will be effective. Instead of handing people a fishing rod, they are given fish. If a person is transferred 250 euros every month just for the fact that he lives separately from his parents (and in fact – for nothing!), nothing good will come of it: time will pass, subsidies will stop, and a person will already sit on the neck of the state used to it. 

I myself have always been quite independent, lived with relatives, rented a house, but this was not the main problem in my life. I think that young people do not need greenhouse conditions. It is better to develop affordable housing programs for young families, promote youth employment, give them the opportunity to receive professional education, master specialties that are in demand on the labor market, and earn decent money. And it is better to spend budgetary funds on helping pensioners and the disabled who really need help from the state.

The opinion of the author may not coincide with the position of the editors


“Stately, handsome, about twenty years old …” Why did Pushkin dislike Dantes?

What do we know about Georges Dantès? That he was a villain and shot the duel of the poet Alexander Pushkin. But  at today the West would have said that the poet was not tolerant enough, which led to death at the hands of the hands of a tolerant Frenchman. 5 February, risk Frenchman turns 210 years .

Whom did he love?

Dantes was a big rascal. In                        But not it wasn't there! A very ordinary Frenchman was not only not especially respected, but they even laughed at him. I had to use my imagination to give myself weight. Dantes began to tell incredible stories, according to his version, he was a hero who accomplished countless feats, was known as one of the best officers and was welcomed by his superiors. In fact, Dantes, while serving for three years in the regiment, earned 44 penalties, and & nbsp; all & nbsp; & mdash; due to lack of discipline. By the way, Dantes was distinguished by complete non-conflict, but he was an absolute slob, which Pushkin immediately noticed when he met him.

Baron Dantes in the 1830s. Portrait of T. Wright Photo:

Many are sure that the cause of the conflict between Dantes and Pushkin was a beautiful lady: the wife of the poet Natalya Goncharova. According to other versions, Dantes had an affair with sister Natalia Catherine, whom he later married. True, some researchers are sure that this marriage turned out to be forced: they say, Dantes was not as much interested in women as in men. strong> Louis von Heeckeren. Prince Trubetskoydescribes Dantes and his adventures in this way: «Dantes… was stately, handsome, about twenty years old… As a foreigner he was better educated than us pages, and as a Frenchman witty, lively, cheerful. He was an excellent comrade and exemplary officer. And he was followed by pranks, but completely innocent and characteristic of young people, except for one, about which, however, we learned much later. I don't know how to say… At that time, in high society, humility (homosexuality) was developed. Judging by the fact that Dantes constantly courted the ladies, it must be assumed that in relations with Gekern he played only a passive role».

By the way, over time, Dantes began to be called Georges Charles de Heckeren Dantes, which caused even more gossip in secular society. How did he become Heeckeren? The Baron officially adopted the already 24-year-old Frenchman. True, before this was achieved, he had to obtain the consent of the king of the Netherlands. The baron had no other children besides Dantes. And    Dantès himself in France had a real father.

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Baron Louis de Geckeren. Portrait by J. Kriehuber Photo:

Sassy manner

To this day, Dantes is accused of the death of the torch of Russian poetry, to which, in the opinion of many, his fleeting flirtation with Pushkin's wife led. But Prince Trubetskoy claimed that in those times such very innocent courtship that Dantes allowed himself was in the order of things, no one paid attention to them. Of course, Dantes often visited the Pushkins, even “dragged” for Natalya, as well as for all the beautiful women of the big world, but… “He didn't hit, as we then called it,   — Trubetskoy recalled. — Frequent little notes brought by Lisa (Pushkina's maid) meant nothing: in our time it was a custom».

So why did Pushkin hate Dantes, why did their mutual dislike lead to a duel? According to the poet's comrades, Dantes was “disgusting” Pushkin “in his manner, somewhat impudent, in his language, less restrained than it should be with & nbsp; ladies.” “Pushkin could not stand Dantes and looked for an opportunity to get rid of him, to close the doors of his house to him. It was easiest for Natalie, but and the foolishness of typical did know how to get down to business   —     Prince Trubetskoy claimed.

By the way, they say that it was Pushkin who arranged the marriage of Dantes to Natalya's sister. Allegedly, the wife's maid Lisa handed over a note to Dantes. In it, Natalie reported that after the last meeting, when Pushkin saw them together at their house, she told her husband that Dantes had come to ask for Katya's hand in marriage. Only now the note was distinguished by a masculine style, so Dantes immediately suspected that Pushkin had compiled it. What to do? I had to get married.

Baroness Ekaterina Gekkeren, née Goncharova. Portrait by J.-B. Sabatier 1838  Paris. Photo:

Protective device

There is another explanation for the hasty marriage of Dantes to Catherine. In  1836, Alexander Sergeevich was given a letter, which reported that Natalie had a love affair not only with Dantes, but even with                        which, of course, was not true. Pushkin understood this very well, but could not allow such rumors to spread about his wife. It took him a long time to find out who this “virtue” was. And in the end I realized that the letter could have been sent by Baron Heckeren. Of course, Pushkin, with his hot temper, immediately challenged Dantes to a duel. But for the first time the conflict was hushed up. Heckeren did not expect such a turn, fearing that his dear friend would be killed by the torch of Russian poetry, and offered Dantes a way out: to marry Catherine. Pushkin won't shoot himself with a relative! But Pushkin only lasted a year. He couldn't forget grievances and personally sent a letter to Baron Gekkeren, in which he said what thinks of him, his overgrown child», about their scandalous connection and about diseases that Dantes distributes throughout the secular society. After that, Dantes agreed to a duel, in which he shot Pushkin.

Baron Georges Charles de Gekkern (Dantes) — mayor of Souls. ca. 1855 Photo:

Dantès himself in this duel was knocked down by a shot, but not killed. Someone said that the button that stopped the bullet saved him, but skeptics say that this could not be. And it could be this: Dantes was suspected of  that he allegedly put on a protective device under his outerwear, which saved his life.

After the duel, Dantes fled Russia, which had a positive effect on  his later life. After 6 years, he became a member of the General Council of the Haut-Rhin department, and then — Chairman of this General Council and Peer of Sulz. Dantes himself, in his old age, said that the duel with Pushkin played a positive role in his life: if if he stayed in Russia, then most likely he would not have lived so long and happily.


US to ease sanctions over Iran’s nuclear program

US to reinstate previously lifted sanctions exemptions on Iran's nuclear program US to allow third parties to participate in Iran's nuclear non-proliferation projects due to concerns over the country's growing stocks of enriched uranium

The United States has decided to restore previously canceled exemptions from sanctions against Iran's nuclear program, while Washington does not consider this step as a concession to Tehran. About this “RIA Novosti” reported in the US State Department.

“We have decided to reinstate sanctions exemptions to enable third parties to participate in nuclear non-proliferation and security projects in Iran due to growing concerns about (nuclear) non-proliferation.” in particular, because of the growing stocks of enriched uranium in Iran, — said the representative of the American diplomatic department.

The diplomat stressed that Washington considers this step not as a concession to Tehran, but as a necessary measure.

The United States, France, Great Britain, Germany, China, Russia and Iran signed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) in 2015, in which they agreed not to impose sanctions on Tehran in exchange for its refusal to develop nuclear weapons. The JCPOA included, in particular, the limitation of uranium enrichment and the access of inspectors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to all nuclear facilities in the country.

In 2018, under former President Donald Trump The US withdrew from the deal, accusing Iran of violating the agreement and imposed sanctions on it. In response, Iran abandoned some of its obligations and continued to enrich uranium beyond the permitted level.

In September 2021, US President Joe Biden said the US was ready to return to compliance with the Iran nuclear deal if Tehran took similar steps. In December of the same year, a new round of negotiations on Iran's nuclear program was held in Vienna, which was attended by representatives of all countries on the JCPOA. As a result, no decision was made to resume the deal, but a State Department spokesman said the United States was ready to continue negotiations.

In early February, Reuters, citing a source in the State Department, reported that the United States had only a few weeks to reach an agreement on the restoration of the JCPOA, after which a return to the agreement will no longer be possible. “Given the pace of Iran's progress in the nuclear industry, we have only a few weeks to reach a deal. After that, unfortunately, it will no longer be possible to return to the JCPOA and return the advantages in terms of non-proliferation that this agreement gave us, — said the interlocutor of the agency.

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France rejects resolution calling for Assange asylum

French National Assembly rejects resolution calling for Assange asylum The MPs who introduced the resolution said that Assange has been subjected to political persecution by the United States for more than a decade, while France is a country that defends the freedom of the individual and the press

National Assembly France (the lower house of parliament) rejected a resolution calling on the country's government to grant political asylum to WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange and make it easier for people involved in similar activities to obtain asylum. This is reported by with reference to the parliament session.

According to the news portal, 17 deputies spoke in favor of the document, against— 31. The debate on the resolution continued throughout Friday and ended only late in the evening.

The initiative for consideration by the lower house of the French Parliament was made by a number of deputies, including Jennifer de Temmerman, Cédric Villany, François Ruffin, Jean Lassalle . They argued their call to grant Assange asylum in France by the fact that for more than ten years he has been subjected to judicial, and in fact political persecution by the United States, while France— a country that defends freedom of the press and the individual.

The US authorities accuse Julian Assange of espionage and computer hacking due to the publication on the WikiLeaks website of US official documents on the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and diplomatic cables from 2010 & ndash; 2011.

investigation, Assange was an accomplice of defense analyst Chelsea Manning, who violated the law on espionage, hacked into computers and published materials that could harm US intelligence informants. If extradited, he faces up to 175 years in prison.

Assange was detained in April 2019 after spending several years hiding in the Ecuadorian embassy in London. Since then, the US government has demanded his immediate extradition.

In early January last year, a British court refused to extradite Assange to the United States because he suffers from depression and could commit suicide in a maximum security prison. However, already on December 10, the Court of Appeal ruled out this risk, as US lawyers said they would not hold Assange in harsh conditions, thereby allowing extradition.

Lawyers for the WikiLeaks founder said they believe in the promises of the American side. His fiancée called the court's decision dangerous and erroneous because they want to send Assange to a country that “plotted to kill him.” She later stated that during the trial, 50-year-old Assange had a transient ischemic attack, his right eyelid did not close, and his memory was fuzzy.

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Bloomberg Reveals Pence’s ‘Most Strongest Reproach’ Against Trump

Pence: I did not have the right to cancel the results of the 2020 election, as Trump said I did » in front of the Constitution

Bloomberg mistakenly announced Russia’s invasion of Ukraine

Information about the “invasion” of Russia appeared on the site at about 0.00 Moscow time. The title was removed almost immediately

Bloomberg ran a headline about Russia's invasion of Ukraine, then deleted it and admitted it was a mistake. A message about the error is posted on the agency's website.

“We are preparing headlines for many scenarios, and the headline “Russia invades Ukraine” was accidentally posted today at about 4 pm ET (about 0.00 Moscow time— РБК) on our website. We deeply regret this mistake. The title has been removed and we are investigating the reason,— said in the message.

A new round of escalation in eastern Ukraine has been ongoing since last fall, when several Western publications, including The Washington Post and Politico, reported that Russia was preparing a military “invasion” to Ukraine. Later, this thesis was picked up by Ukrainian and Western politicians.

In mid-January, White House press secretary Jen Psaki said that Russia was laying the groundwork for an invasion of Ukraine. According to her, Moscow's aggression may occur in January-February, the reason for it will be a pretext fabricated by Russia. After that, State Department spokesman Ned Price said that Moscow plans to shoot a fake video about the attack by Ukrainian troops. However, he did not provide evidence of Russia's preparations for such actions.

Russia has repeatedly denied the existence of plans to invade Ukraine. “We consider unacceptable even the thought of a war between our peoples,” — Alexei Zaitsev, Deputy Director of the Information and Press Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, spoke at the end of January. According to Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov, Moscow does not intend to take any actions of an aggressive nature, including attacking, attacking or invading Ukraine.

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The Rada said that Zelensky did not go to the opening of the Olympics due to the US ban

Photo: Frame from video

Verkhovna Rada deputy Viktor Cherny wrote on Facebook that President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky did not attend the opening of the Olympic games in Beijing due to a US ban.

A member of the Opposition Platform – For Life party pointed out that world leaders have always come to the opening of the Olympics as a prestigious event. However, this time Western leaders decided to boycott the Games in China.

The parliamentarian concludes that Zelensky's refusal to go to Beijing is connected with the US order. In his opinion, it is impossible to explain the act of the Ukrainian leader otherwise.