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Kadyrov said he had no desire to be president or minister

The head of Chechnya Ramzan Kadyrov: I do not see myself either as a president or as a minister That Russia should take Ukraine, the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Radyrov, argued “like a blogger” and “an ordinary person,” he said in Telegram. The Kremlin, commenting on the words of Kadyrov, earlier recalled that foreign policy is the business of the president jpg” alt=”Kadyrov declared no desire to be president or minister” />

Ramzan Kadyrov

The head of the Chechen Republic, Ramzan Kadyrov, does not see himself as either the president of Russia, or a minister, or in any other position at the federal level . He wrote about it in Telegram.

“I always said and I repeat that I don’t see myself in federal positions in any capacity” not as a president, not as a minister, etc. My place is here, in the Chechen Republic, and from here I will not leave anywhere! wrote the head of Chechnya.

Kadyrov also added that he talked about how Russia should act in relation to Ukraine, not as the head of the Chechen Republic, but as a “blogger”; and “ordinary person”. “If I need to say something as the head of the region, then I’ll say so:“ I say this, the head of the Chechen Republic Ramzan Kadyrov, — he said.

The head of Chechnya also added that he still believes that Russia should protect its interests, “until it had to defend them on its own territory.”

Kadyrov spoke about relations between Russia and Ukraine during a live broadcast with the participation of Chairman of the Chechen Parliament Magomed Daudov. In his opinion, Russia should have “long ago taken away” Ukraine and put things in order there, and the desire of the United States to place a new base on the territory of Ukraine led to an aggravation in relations between the two countries as a whole. If the citizens of Ukraine do not oppose this idea, then Russia should do it, he believes.

“If I were instead of the president, I would have taken Ukraine a long time ago, sent troops there, put things in order. If crazy, corrupt people are at the head of the state and through this state they threaten the security of our state— and what, we should be silent, chtoli? »,— Kadyrov said.

Responding to a question about how the Kremlin feels about Kadyrov’s such reasoning, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov indicated that foreign policy the country is determined by the president, and if the head of Chechnya has a desire, he can try to run for the next election. Vladimir Putin appears to be the head of state, Peskov added.

Kadyrov previously said that Russia should annex Ukraine, and later explained that he was expressing his opinion as a private person, and not as the head of the Chechen Republic.

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In Kiev, they announced the absence of a clear agenda for the “Normandy format”

Head of Zelensky's office Yermak: there is no specific agenda for the Normandy format meeting ” alt = “In Kiev, they announced the absence of a clear agenda for the “Normandy format”” />

Vladimir Zelensky, Emmanuel Macron, Vladimir Putin and Angela Merkel during the Normandy Format summit in 2019

The specific agenda for the Normandy format summit not yet, Andriy Yermak, head of the office of the President of Ukraine, said on Facebook.

According to him, the Ukrainian delegation plans to discuss the resumption of the full ceasefire.

“We will talk about humanitarian issues, the opening of checkpoints and the future work of the Normandy Format,— added by Yermak.

The head of Zelensky's office denied the information that at the meeting in the “Norman format” will determine the date of negotiations with representatives of the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics. This was reported by the German agency DPA on January 25, citing a source in the Elysee Palace.

Ukraine has not changed its position and does not agree to “direct negotiations with the separatists,” Yermak said. He called the reports about possible negotiations with the DPR and LPR fake, and their distribution & mdash; manipulation of those who want to disrupt the negotiations.

The meeting of advisers to the leaders of the “Normandy Four” will be held on January 26 in Paris. The parties will discuss the situation in the east of Ukraine. Russia will be represented by Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration Dmitry Kozak.

Yermak called the meeting of Normandy Four advisers “powerful signal”. He noted that the delegation of Ukraine plans to “go through the Minsk agreements.” Kiev is ready to fulfill them “exclusively in the Ukrainian interests and exclusively in accordance with the norms of international law,” Yermak said.

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The Ministry of Internal Affairs put Navalny’s brother on the wanted list

The day before, the Federal Penitentiary Service asked the court to replace Oleg Navalny's probation on a “sanitary case” with a real one .jpg” alt=”The Ministry of Internal Affairs put Navalny's brother on the wanted list” />

Oleg Navalny

The Ministry of Internal Affairs put Oleg Navalny, the younger brother of oppositionist Alexei Navalny, on the wanted list, his card appeared in the database of wanted criminals.

The day before, the Federal Penitentiary Service applied to the Lublinsky Court of Moscow with a request to replace Oleg Navalny's probation in the "sanitary case" to the real one, since he “does not properly comply with the restrictions imposed by the court.”

The case of violation of sanitary and epidemiological rules was opened after an uncoordinated protest in support of Alexei Navalny, which took place on January 23, 2021. In this case, Oleg Navalny was found guilty in August of inciting to violate sanitary and epidemiological standards (part 4 of article 33, part 1 of article 236 of the Criminal Code) and sentenced to a year of probation.

In accordance with the restrictions Navalny could not leave his house from 22:00 to 06:00, attend public events and leave the capital region.

In October last year, the Ministry of Internal Affairs put on the wanted list a former lawyer of the Anti-Corruption Foundation (FBK, recognized as a foreign agent and an extremist organization, banned in Russia) Lyubov Sobol. She became the first of the defendants in the “sanitary case” who was sentenced. The court sentenced her to one and a half years of restriction of freedom, after which she left Russia. In November, the Federal Penitentiary Service asked to replace her suspended sentence with a real one. According to the "sanitary business" other associates of Alexei Navalny Kira Yarmysh and Oleg Stepanov, a member of the Pussy Riot group Maria Alyokhina and others were also held.

The actions in support of Alexei Navalny took place on January 23, 21 and February 2, 2021 after the opposition leader returned from Berlin and was immediately detained at Sheremetyevo Airport. In Germany, he was treated for several months at the Charité clinic. after poisoning.

Two weeks after the return of Alexei Navalny, the court replaced him with a suspended sentence in the Yves Rocher case. to the real one. Navalny was sentenced to two and a half years and is serving his sentence in colony IK-2 in the city of Pokrov, Vladimir Region.

Oleg Navalny received 3.5 years in the Yves Rocher case. back in 2014 and served time in a penal colony.

The Navalny brothers were found guilty in the case of embezzlement of Yves Rocher funds. in December 2014. In 2017, the ECHR recognized the proceedings as unfair and awarded the brothers compensation in the amount of more than €80 thousand

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Repubblica learned about the request of the Italian authorities to cancel the conference with Putin

Repubblica: Italian authorities appealed to businesses to cancel the conference with Putin This is a conference of the President of Russia with Italian business, which should be held online on January 26

Vladimir Putin on January 26, a video conference of the heads of leading Italian companies and Russian President Vladimir Putin. This is reported by the newspaper La Repubblica, citing sources in the Palazzo Chigi.

According to the publication, the authorities asked the Chamber of Commerce to cancel the meeting, or at least ask the heads of large companies not to attend. After that, as the newspaper clarifies, Claudio Descalzi, CEO of the Italian oil corporation Eni, and Marco Alvera, CEO of the Snam gas group, canceled their participation in the event. connection with the preparation of Russia for a possible “invasion”; to Ukraine.

The meeting between the President of Russia and Italian entrepreneurs is to be held on January 26 via videoconference. The Kremlin specified that it is planned to discuss trade, economic and investment cooperation between Russia and Italy, as well as the prospects for further expansion of business ties between entrepreneurs of the two countries. “Particular attention is supposed to be paid to the possibilities of building up cooperation in the field of energy, industry, finance and environmental technologies,” — added in the press service.

At a meeting of the Russian-Italian Committee of Entrepreneurs in early December 2021, Industry Minister Denis Manturov expressed confidence that after this meeting, cooperation between the two countries would receive an additional impetus. He noted that the trade turnover between Russia and Italy began to grow again after reaching the level of €40 billion in 2013 and then declining. In the nine months of 2021, according to him, it grew by 43%, to €17 billion.

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The head of the CEC, a general and a billionaire: which of Nazarbayev’s relatives lost their posts

The head of Kazakhstan dismissed Berik Imashev, the matchmaker of Nursultan's daughter, from the post of chairman of the Central Election Commission of the republic. Nazarbayev. Who else lost their posts – in the RBC video

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“Marshal Ustinov” brought the ships of the Navy to the exercises in the Arctic. Video

Three Russian ships took part in the exercises in the Barents Sea: the cruiser Marshal Ustinov, the frigate Admiral of the Fleet Kasatonov and the BOD Vice Admiral Kulakov. How the exit to the port and the exercises looked like – in the RBC video ” alt=” “Marshal Ustinov” brought the ships of the Navy to the exercises in the Arctic. Video” />

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The Foreign Ministry said that the threat of Western sanctions do not apply to real politics

Deputy Foreign Minister Grushko: Western threats to impose sanctions do not belong to the category of real politics ” alt=”The Foreign Ministry said that threats of Western sanctions do not belong to real politics” />

Alexander Grushko

Threats to impose new sanctions from the West do not belong to the sphere of real politics, said Deputy Head of the Russian Foreign Ministry Alexander Grushko, reports TASS.

“They can come up with any sanctions, but all this does not belong to the category of real politics,”— said the Deputy Minister.

According to Grushko, “aggression” Russia against Ukraine takes place only in “inflamed minds” Western partners.

In January, the United States and Western countries repeatedly warned of tough sanctions in cases of “invasion”; Russia to Ukraine. US President Joe Biden promised that he would be the first to face sanctions that his colleague Vladimir Putin has “never seen.” The Kremlin has repeatedly stressed that Moscow has no plans to attack Ukraine.

On January 25, the US presidential administration announced that it was preparing a sanctions package. If passed, Russia would face bigger consequences than capital outflows and the collapse of the ruble following the 2014 sanctions over Crimea, the White House said.

In addition, senators from the US Democratic Party developed a bill imposing sanctions on Russia's public debt, banks and the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. Western countries may impose restrictions on raw materials and arms exports with damage to Russia of more than $ 50 billion, wrote Bild.

If Russia “attacks” on Ukraine, the United States may impose sanctions against Putin personally, US President Joe Biden said.

The Kremlin warned that new restrictions by the United States could lead to a rupture of relations between the two countries. «Introduction of sanctions against the head of state and against the head of Russia— this is an outrageous measure, — Presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov noted.

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Lavrov in the State Duma spoke about the negotiations with the US and NATO. Video

Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov delivered a report to the State Duma on the main issues of Russian foreign policy. RBC broadcast live

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Kuleba assessed whether Russia has enough troops to “invade” Ukraine

Kuleba: Russia does not have enough forces to “invade” Ukraine, its goal is to “sow panic”

Russia has not concentrated enough force to 'invade' Ukraine to Ukraine, its main goal now — “spread panic”. This was stated by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmitry Kuleba, reports Reuters.

The material is being supplemented

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CSTO Secretary General: NATO activity in Eastern Europe does not strengthen security

NATO's military activity near the borders of the CSTO in Eastern Europe does not contribute to strengthening security. This statement was made by the Secretary General of the Collective Security Treaty Organization Stanislav Zas, TASS reports.

“In general, the militarization of the Eastern European region near the western borders of the CSTO, the increase in military activity on these frontiers, does not contribute to strengthening the security of all our countries,” – stressed the Secretary General.

In this regard, he urged to reduce this degree of tension, military activity, to look for other ways to ensure security.

Earlier, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova warned that the West was preparing an information space for a number of major provocations, in particular military ones. 

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The second batch of weapons from the United States arrived in Ukraine

An airplane with another batch of US military aid landed in Kiev, writes the NV publication.

According to the defense department, a Boeing 747 cargo plane delivered hand-held disposable grenade launchers to Ukraine M141 Bunker Defeat Munition or SMAW-D. In addition, a batch of Javelin anti-tank systems was handed over to the Ukrainian side.

The first ammunition consignment delivered by the day before, the weight of the cargo exceeded 90 tons. It was reported that the consignment of military aid contained ammunition for the defenders of Ukraine on the front line. 

Recall that last year, the States provided the Ukrainian side with military assistance in the amount of more than $650 million. 

Earlier, Moscow announced the need to stop the supply of weapons and instructor assistance to the Ukrainian regime, as well as the refusal to conduct training events.

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Volodin commented on the situation with homeless animals in Russia

Speaker of the State Duma Vyacheslav Volodin, after incidents with homeless animals, proposed introducing liability for officials responsible for the situation on the ground, RIA Novosti reports.

According to him, the local authorities do not consider a priority problem, while the number of stray dogs is increasing.

“In this regard, it is correct in this matter to introduce responsibility for officials responsible for the situation with stray animals on the ground”, — he explained.

Volodin also noted that it is necessary to “develop measures to support civil initiatives”, such as the purchase of food, sterilization, exemption from land tax or the allocation of a grant for the construction of places for keeping animals.

Earlier the body of a seven-year-old girl was discovered in the village of Domna in Transbaikalia, on the body of the child there were marks from animal bites. Investigators opened a criminal case under the article on negligence.

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The best and worst passports in the world. infographics

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 03. Either a bus, or a vision. When will the modernization of public transport reach cities and villages? 01/19/2022

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How long did Ivan the Terrible live with Marfa Vasilievna?

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 03. Either a bus, or a vision. When will the modernization of public transport reach cities and villages? 19/01/2022

Is it true that Marfa Vasilievna, who is given so much attention in the film “Ivan Vasilyevich Changes Profession”, was the wife of Ivan the Terrible for only 2 weeks?

Expert answer 0 + –

– Indeed, Marfa Vasilievna, nee Sobakina, was in the status of the wife of Tsar Ivan IVonly 15 days, – tells candidate of historical sciences Sergey Kormilitsyn. – This allows you to accurately date the time at which the manager of the Bunsch house and the apartment thief Georges Miloslavsky fell. The royal wedding took place on October 28, 1571, and on November 13 Marfa Vasilievna died. It is not even clear whether she was the wife of Ivan the Terrible in physiological terms. This was the third marriage of the king, and according to church rules, it was supposed to be the last – the fourth was allowed only if the young did not have time to know physical intimacy. This is exactly what Ivan insisted on when he asked to be allowed to enter into a fourth marriage, since Martha was poisoned: “The devil raised up the neighbors of many people to be at enmity with our queen, still in maidenhood” hellip; and taco poison her with an evil chinisha.

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January 24 in Moscow is expected to 11 degrees below zero

Cloudy weather with clearings and black ice are predicted in the Russian capital on Monday, January 24, according to the official website of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

“Mostly no precipitation,” it says in the message.

Daytime air temperature in the city will be from minus nine to minus 11 degrees.

The wind is weak. Atmospheric pressure – 763 millimeters of mercury.

On Tuesday night, cloudy weather with clearings and sleet is predicted in the capital. Mostly without precipitation.

Light wind. The thermometers can drop to marks minus 14 degrees. Atmospheric pressure – 759 millimeters of mercury.

Earlier, AiF.ru published a long-term weather forecast for February 2022.

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Vilfand promised abnormally warm weather to the residents of St. Petersburg

Scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center Roman Vilfand said that a thaw is expected in St. Petersburg at the beginning of the week, with temperatures exceeding the norm by 8-10 degrees, RIA Novosti reports.

&laquo ;The weather is very warm in the Northwestern Federal District, as the transfer of air masses — along the periphery of the cyclone, the center of which — over Svalbard… The temperature will be 8-10 degrees above normal. In St. Petersburg it will be 8 degrees above the norm on Monday, and on Wednesday — 4 degrees above normal, — he said.

According to the forecaster, the temperature in the city during the day will range from 0 to plus 3 degrees. On Wednesday, the temperature will drop and then rise again.

Vilfand stressed that the temperature background in St. Petersburg will be the same as at night in Sochi these days.

As previously reported&nbsp ;leading specialist of the weather center “Phobos” Evgeniy Tishkovets, at least 7-12 millimeters of precipitation will fall in the capital by the end of January. To date, Moscow has already received 14% more precipitation than the long-term norm, the height of the snow cover exceeds the normal values ​​by one and a half times.

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Long term weather forecast for February 2022

In Northern Federal District Expected average February temperature is -5…-10°C, which is 2-5 degrees warmer than usual. The expected amount of precipitation is 15-25 mm, which is less than the average long-term values, in the Komi Republic the amount of precipitation is within the normal range.

In the first days of the month, light snow and frosty, daytime temperature -15…-20 degrees, at night in some places it is not excluded that the temperature drops to -30 °C. By the end of the first ten days, there will be light snow, in some places a snowstorm, the prevailing temperature during the day is -2 ° -7 ° С, thaws are possible in some places, sleet on the roads.

In mid-February, on some days, light snow will fall, the daytime temperature is expected to be -3°-8 degrees, in some places there is a possibility of slight thaws. By the end of the second decade without significant precipitation, in the daytime -5°-10 °C, at night in some places it is possible that the temperature will drop to -18 degrees, and in the Komi Republic to -25 °C, in the daytime there -13°-18 degrees.

In the third decade, warm and windy weather is expected to predominate, snow is not excluded on some days, it will be snowy in places, alternating slight frosts and thaws in the daytime, icy roads in places.

February 1966 was extremely cold in Arkhangelsk. The average monthly temperature was  -24 degrees, which is almost 12 degrees below normal. On February 11, the minimum temperature reached -41.2 degrees, which was a record for the entire month. In second place in terms of cold is 1985 with an average monthly temperature of -22.4 degrees, which is 10.4 degrees below normal. On February 1, in the morning, the frost got stronger to -39.4 degrees, which became a daily record. And finally, last year's February took third place with an average monthly temperature of -19.6 degrees, which is 8.9 degrees lower than usual. From February 21 to February 23, daily cold records have been updated, which now stand at -37.2°C, -38.3°C, -34.9°C, respectively. Only at the very end of the month did the only February thaw take place.

In Central Chernozem region assumed average monthly temperature is -7 -8 C, which is  1-2 degrees below normal. The expected amount of precipitation is 15-25 mm, which is less than the norm.

At the beginning of the month, there will be light snow and sleet, the temperature during the day will be -2°+3°C. By the middle of the first ten days, dry weather will set in, the daytime temperature will be -5 ° -10 ° C, at night it will freeze in places to -13 ° -18 degrees. February 7-8 light snow and light frost – in the afternoon -1*-6°C.  At the end of the second decade  no significant precipitation, at night -15…-20 °С,  -7°C -12°C in the afternoon, sleet on the roads in some places.

In the middle of the month, light precipitation is likely, in the afternoon -3°+2°C, sleet on the roads. At the end of the second ten-day period, light snow in places, daytime temperature -3 ° -8 ° C, at night it will freeze to -15 degrees in places, sleet on the roads. The third decade will be distinguished by calm weather, light snow is possible on some days, the prevailing daily temperature is -1…-6 degrees. 

Last year's February in Voronezh turned out to be 2 degrees colder than usual. Precipitation fell one and a half times more than normal. Not without heat records. On February 12, in the warm sector of the southern cyclone, it warmed up to +5.3 degrees during the day, precipitation in the form of sleet and rain passed. But the next day, by evening, the temperature dropped sharply to -11 degrees. The third ten-day period turned out to be even more contrasting. So on February 23 and 24 in the morning the frost got stronger to -20…-22 degrees, and on the 26th in the afternoon the maximum temperature reached +9.2 degrees, which became a daily record.

In Volga-Vyatka regionand Middle Volga expected average temperature of the month is -9…-11 °С, which within the normal range. The expected amount of precipitation is 10-20 mm, which is less than the long-term average.

In the first days of the month it will snow, the temperature during the day will be +1…-4°C. By the middle of the first decade, light snow in places, -4…-9 degrees in the afternoon. At the end of the first ten days it is dry and moderately frosty, at night -18…-23 °С, during the day  -9…-14 degrees.

To by the middle of the month, dry weather will continue, daily temperature will be -5…-10°C. At the end of the second decade, there will be light snow, sleet, -1…-6 °С in the daytime, slight thaw in places, sleet on the roads.

7 degrees, at night down to -15 °C, light snow in places will pass towards the end of the month.

Last year's February in Samara turned out to be 4 degrees colder than usual, with precipitation one and a half times more than normal. Especially plentiful passed in the first days of February. The coldest day was February 23, when in the morning it froze to -30.3 degrees, which became a daily record and the daytime temperature did not exceed -20 ° C. The month ended with thaw weather, heavy rainfall. 

On Lower Volga the expected average temperature of the month is -4°-9°C, which is somewhat colder than usual. The expected amount of precipitation is 10-20 mm, which is less than the average multi-year values.

Precipitation will occur at the beginning of the month,  daytime temperature -2…+3 °С, in the Astrakhan region up to +6 degrees, sleet on the roads in some places By the end of the first ten days light snow in places, in the afternoon -6…-11 degrees, in the Astrakhan region -1…-6 °С .

It is dry in the middle of the month, the temperature during the day is -1-6 degrees, in the Astrakhan region it is about zero. By the end of the second ten-day period, snow and sleet are not excluded, light rain in the south, daytime temperatures are close to zero, in the Astrakhan region up to +7 degrees, sleet on the roads in some places. In the third decade, small ones are likely only in the last days of February, the prevailing daytime temperature is -1 ° -6 degrees, in the Astrakhan region 0 ° +5 ° C.

In south ETP The estimated average temperature in February is -1…-4°C, which is somewhat colder than normal. The expected amount of precipitation is 40-50 mm, which is close to usual.

In the beginning of the month there will be precipitation, mostly rain, +8°C +13°C in the afternoon, up to +16°C on the Black Sea coast. By the end of the first decade, light snow and sleet, daytime 0…-5 degrees, on the Black Sea coast +2…+7 degrees.

Warming is expected in mid-February, daily temperature +3…+8 degrees,   on the Black Sea coast up to +10…+15 degrees, sometimes rainy. 

By the end of the second decade, a short wave of cold is likely, when slight frosts are likely even in the daytime, the ground will be covered with snow, the weather is windy, on the Black Sea coast 0…+5 degrees, frosts at night. For most of the third decade, weather is expected without precipitation, only by the end of the month, light precipitation is possible. The prevailing daily temperature is +1°+6 degrees, on the Black Sea coast on some days the air will warm up to +8°+13°C.

Last year's February turned out to be close to normal in temperature, with more than usual rainfall. A warm first half of the month stands out, in the resort of Sochi at the beginning of the second decade the air warmed up to +20 degrees and the invasion of very cold air by the end of the second ten-day period, when the daytime temperature was close to zero, and in some places there were slight frosts, there were heavy rainfall. February ended with moderately warm weather.

To Crimea Estimated average temperature in February is close to zero, which is within normal limits. The expected amount of precipitation is 25-30 mm, which is slightly less than usual. 

At the beginning of the month little precipitation, daytime temperature +6…+11 degrees By the end of the first decade, snow is possible, in the afternoon 0…-5 degrees , on the Black Sea coast up to +4 °С.

In the middle of February, in some places, precipitation, daytime temperature +4 +9 °С, in some places up to 13 degrees Celsius. By the end of the second decade  it will get colder to -1…-6 degrees, the ground will be powdered with snow, there will be sleet on the roads. Dry weather is expected for most of the third ten-day period, precipitation is not excluded only at the end of the month, the prevailing temperature during the day is +2…+7 degrees, on the Black Sea coast on some days up to +10 °С.

The warmest February was in Simferopol in 1977. The average monthly temperature has reached +6.5 degrees, which is 6 degrees higher than usual. It was very warm in mid-February 2016, when during the day the air warmed up to +20…+22 degrees. That February is in second place in terms of warmth with an average monthly temperature of +5.9 degrees.

Last year's February turned out to be close to the average long-term values ​​in terms of temperature. On February 1, the air warmed up to +19 degrees, which became a new daily record. The coldest weather was observed in the middle of the month, when even the daily temperature became negative, the ground was covered with snow. However, in the last days of the month, it again became significantly warmer and there was no trace of snow left..

In & nbsp; to the norm. The expected amount of precipitation is 15-25 mm, which is less than usual.

The month will begin with thaw weather with precipitation, but by the end of the first decade, frost will get stronger during the day to -10…-15 degrees, at night to -22…-27 °C, without precipitation. Frosty and dry weather will continue until the middle of the month. At the end of the second decade, there will be light snow in places, frosts will weaken to -2°-7 degrees, in the Southern Urals there will be a slight thaw in places. By the beginning of the third decade without precipitation, in the daytime -7…-12 degrees. February will end with cloudy weather with moderate night frosts and daytime temperatures of 0 -5 °С.  

February 2016 was unusually warm and dry in Yekaterinburg. The average monthly temperature reached -4.1 degrees, which is almost 7 degrees above normal. The third decade was especially warm, when the daily temperature rose to 5-7 degrees Celsius. Last February became snowy and frosty, the average monthly temperature was more than 5 degrees below normal. The first decade was especially contrasting, if on the 6th it was very warm, up to +2 degrees in the afternoon, then by the end of the first ten days it froze to -25-27 degrees. The coldest day was February 23, in the morning the frost got stronger to -32 degrees, and the daytime temperature did not exceed -23 degrees. Only in the last days of the month it snowed and frosts weakened by 8-10 degrees.

In south of Western Siberia the expected average temperature of the month is -14&hellip ;-16 °С, which is close to normal, in some places it can be a degree below normal. The expected amount of precipitation is 10-20 mm, which is slightly less than the long-term average.

At the beginning of the month, mild snowy weather is expected, then dry and frosty weather will set in with a prevailing daytime temperature of -13 ° -18 degrees, at night in some places up to -30 ° C, which will last until the middle of the month. By the beginning of the third decade, it will snow, in some places it will be swirling, in the afternoon a slight thaw is likely in some places. February will end with dry weather, after frosty nights during the day the air can warm up to -3…-8 °С.

Last year's February turned out to be somewhat colder than usual with an excess of precipitation. The first decade was a contrast. On the 7th, the maximum temperature in Novosibirsk reached +2.2 degrees, which was a daily record, then on February 10, the temperature dropped sharply by more than 20 degrees. The most severe frosts were recorded at the beginning of the second ten-day period, in the morning down to -35 degrees. Another wave of cold was observed in the last days of February, when the night temperature dropped below -30 degrees.

In & nbsp; ;C, which is 1-2 degrees above normal, Estimated rainfall is 10-15 mm, which is less than normal.

In the first days of the month, light precipitation, alternation of moderate frosts and thaws, slippery on the roads. By the end of the first decade  without precipitation and frosty, during the day the maximum temperature is -15 ° -20 degrees, at night in some places up to -32 ° С.

In mid-February, light snow, during the day the maximum temperature is -8-13 degrees. By the beginning of the third ten-day period, light snow will pass on some days, the temperature during the day will be -2 -7 °C. In the middle of the third decade, frosts will intensify again, during the day the maximum temperature is -10 ° -15 ° C, at night -22 ° -27 ° C.  February will end with mild weather with snow, -8°-13°C at night, -1°-6°C in the daytime, in some places there is a chance of a thaw.

In the south of the Far East region the expected average monthly temperature is -8…-16°C, which is within normal limits. The expected amount of precipitation is 12-25 mm, which is slightly above the climatic norm.

At the beginning of the month there is no precipitation, daytime temperature is -4°-9°C, in the Khabarovsk Territory -10°-15°C. By the end of the first decade, there will be light snow, a snowstorm in places, -2°-7 °C in the afternoon, a thaw is not ruled out in Primorye, sleet on the roads in some places.

In the middle of the month without precipitation, in the afternoon -3°- 8 ° C, in the Khabarovsk Territory -11 ° -16 degrees. The third decade will be distinguished by the unstable nature of the weather, in the middle of the period it will snow in some places, it will begin to snow, the prevailing daytime temperature is 0…-5 degrees, in the Khabarovsk Territory -5…-10 °С.  

In Kaliningrad Region (Kaliningrad) Expected average temperature is -1…-2 degrees, which is one degree below normal.  The expected amount of precipitation is 30-40 mm., which is somewhat less than usual.

In the first days of the month it will be cloudy, there will be precipitation,  during the day the maximum temperature is +1…+6 °С.  By the end of the first ten days, there will be light snow, in the afternoon 0…-5 °С, on the roads there are sleet in places. 

Windy weather is expected in the middle of the month, precipitation is not excluded, daily temperature is 0…+3 °С.  By the end of the second decade without precipitation, during the day the maximum temperature is close to zero, at night it will freeze to -8 degrees.  No precipitation is expected in the first half of the third ten-day period, slight frosts at night, around zero degrees in the daytime. February will end with cloudy weather with clearings, light precipitation will pass, the daytime temperature will be -1…+4°С, there will be sleet on the roads in places. 

Heavy rain hit Kaliningrad on February 5, 2011, when 45 mm fell in a day. almost monthly rate. For that, in the second half of the month, abnormal colds set in, night frosts in the first half of the third decade intensified to -20 degrees. As a result, the month came out more than 4 degrees colder than usual. The warmest February happened in 1990, when there were no frosts throughout the month, and in the first half of the third decade the vegetation period began unusually early, during the day the air warmed up to +10°+15 degrees. The average monthly temperature reached  +5.3 degrees, which is more than 7 degrees higher than usual. Last year's month was unusually contrasting. The first half of the month was frosty in winter, at the beginning of the third decade it became sharply warmer, and on February 25 a monthly record of +16.9 degrees was set.

In St. Petersburg  The expected average temperature of the month is -4…-5°C, which is within the normal range. The expected amount of precipitation is 25-30 mm, which is somewhat less than usual.

In the first days of February, without precipitation, the daytime temperature is -5-10 degrees, icy roads on the roads. By the middle of the first decade there will be light snow, in the afternoon & nbsp; -3*-8 degrees. At the end of the first ten days, there will be light precipitation, during the day the maximum temperature will be 0°-3°C, there will be sleet on the roads.

By mid-February, it will be cloudy with clearings, light precipitation, maximum daytime temperature 0°-5 degrees, icy roads in places. At the end of the second decade without precipitation, a thaw is likely in the afternoon, sleet on the roads. By the middle of the third ten-day period without precipitation, at night -8…-13 degrees, in the daytime the maximum temperature is -1…-6°C. February will end with cloudy weather with clearings, light precipitation will pass, the daily temperature will be -2…+3 degrees.

February 1990 turned out to be extremely warm and humid in St. Petersburg. The average monthly temperature was  +1.7 degrees, which is more than 8 degrees higher than usual. Only three days in a month the maximum temperature turned out to be negative. The record for the maximum temperature of the month belongs to 1989, on the 27th the air warmed up to + 10.2 degrees. But last year's February was daring with frosts, the month turned out to be more than 4 degrees colder than usual.  The second decade turned out to be especially cold, on February 18 in the morning the frost got stronger to -24.5 degrees. And only in the last days of the month it became significantly warmer, the maximum temperature reached +2…+4 degrees, precipitation passed. ; C, which is a degree below normal. The expected amount of precipitation is 15-20 mm, which is 50-60% less than usual.

In early February, wet snow will pass, in the afternoon 0 ° -5 ° С. By the middle of the first decade, light snow in places, daytime temperature -6 ° -11 ° С. At the end of the first ten days, light snow will fall, in the afternoon -3°-8 degrees, sleet on the roads in some places.

Slight precipitation is possible by the middle of the month, daytime temperatures are around zero, sleet on the roads in some places. At the end of the second decade without precipitation, at night -7°-12 °С, in the daytime -1°-6 °С. 

The first half of the third decade will please with slightly frosty weather without precipitation, daily temperature is -2°-7 degrees. In the last days of the month, cloudy weather with light snow and sleet is expected, the temperature at night is -3°-8 °C, the daytime temperature is -3°+2°C.

February turned out to be extremely warm in Moscow 1990. The average monthly temperature was 0.4 degrees, which is almost 8 degrees higher than usual. The record for the maximum temperature of the month belongs to 1989, on the 27th the air warmed up to + 8.3 degrees. The maximum temperature on February 21, 2020 was also close to this value – + 7.8 degrees. But last year's February turned out to be colder than usual by 4.6 degrees, and the precipitation fell significantly more than the norm. On February 12 and 13, during the passage of the southern cyclone, there were heavy snowfalls, more than 30 mm fell in two days, which is the monthly norm. The third decade turned out to be the most contrasting. The day of February 23 turned out to be the coldest, in the morning it froze to -24.5 degrees, and the daytime temperature was -15°-17°C. A day later, a sharp warming began, on the 26th the maximum temperature reached + 6.4 degrees, which became a daily record.

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Avangard, where rockets are made. Report from a secret factory

"Toy Factory" — this is the name of the bus stop at the checkpoint of the Avangard Moscow Machine-Building Plant. But toys are not made here, but they do something without which the S-300 and S-400 air defense systems would be like a rifle without cartridges. Rockets.

From biplane to rocket

The plant was founded 80 years ago, on January 24, 1942, to assemble and repair aircraft engines for U-2 biplanes. When the time of these legendary machines was gone, aircraft guns for the first Soviet Tu-4 strategic bombers were made here. In 1950, the enterprise was again re-profiled for the manufacture of surface-to-air missiles. Here, for example, missiles were made for the S-75 air defense system. On May 1, 1960, one of them shot down a U-2 reconnaissance aircraft Francis Gary Powers near Sverdlovsk. Its wreckage can be seen in the Avangard Museum.

In the mid-70s, Avangard began building a new generation of missiles for the S-300 systems. Unlike their predecessors, they ran on solid fuel and were launched from pressurized transport and launch containers (TLCs). They can be seen during any parade on Red Square — such big green “pencil cases” on the chassis of a powerful tractor.

Machine tools, but you still have to finish the details with a file. Photo: AiF/Sergey Osipov

OPK and meat grinders

The plant survived the nineties with difficulty. The native army itself eked out a miserable existence. Tried to make consumer goods — washing machines, dumbbells, meat grinders. It did not help, even though the knives and grates of those meat grinders were made of the best tool steel. The plant saved a large order for the S-300 from China and the merger with the Air Defense Concern (now «VKO) Almaz-Antey.

"According to the recollections of people who worked here in the 90s, in some shops there was a thin roof, — says deputy general director of the concern Alexander Vedrov. — It's just amazing how it was possible to save the unique equipment, covering it from snow and rain with whatever it takes. So joining the concern VKO «Diamond — Antey» simply saved Avangard. But he could have shared the fate of many Soviet defense industry enterprises, which were ordered to live long. Some elite residential complex could stand on this site, especially considering that the city center is within walking distance.

How rockets are made

Indeed, after the merger of Avangard managed to improve the financial situation. More importantly — before international sanctions were imposed on Russia in 2014, the company was able to upgrade equipment. Now in the mechanical assembly shop, where they bring to mind all the power elements of missiles, most of the equipment — modern machines with numerical control. Here, for example, parts of gas-dynamic rudders are processed. What it is? Anyone who has ever seen the moment of launching a rocket of the S-300 complex must have noticed: having taken off from the transport and launch container at a right angle (it was a catapult), the rocket hangs in the air for a split second, and then abruptly changes course towards the target. It worked those same rudders that are in the steering compartment at the very nozzle of the engine. Further, the rocket will be controlled by aerodynamic rudders, that is, the external plumage in the tail section. height=”600″ width=”457″ style=”display: block;” />

Blacksmith shop — the hottest place of the Vanguard. Photo: AiF/Sergey Osipov

Rocket forge

If the idea of ​​a rocket begins in the head of the general designer, then the rocket as such — in the blacksmith shop. Here, hot stamping and forging of those parts made of alloyed steels and titanium alloys that will take on extreme mechanical and thermal loads after a rocket launch takes place.

«The technology of primary metal processing all over the world is not changing too fast, — says military expert Alexei Leonkov. — More modern technologies that make the missile a highly accurate weapon are developing much faster. But without a forge, which gives the details their primary appearance, in any production — nowhere. At “Vanguard” in the forging and pressing shop there is equipment that has been tested for decades. There is probably nothing more reliable than a forging press in the world. Just as the ax has not fundamentally changed over several thousand years, so it is here. Unless some auxiliary mechanisms change. Previously, according to the recollections of old-timers, when these “hammers” were working, the whole plant was shaking so that it was problematic to bring a spoonful of soup to your mouth in the dining room. Now they have installed modern vibration dampers, and shaking is not felt at all. Although the other delights of blacksmithing — the roar and heat of hot metal — have not gone anywhere from the workshop.

Assembly point

On the eve of its 80th anniversary, Avangard decided to lift the curtain of secrecy by the edge and show what the holy of holies of the factory — assembly and test shop. This is the place where the rocket says goodbye to the enterprise that gave birth to it.

Not a single rocket will fly without women's hands. Photo: AiF/Sergey Osipov

Here all parts of the rocket are assembled together. The steering compartment is attached to the engine compartment, and that, in turn, to the aggregate compartment, in which the equipment for flight control, targeting and detonation of the warhead is installed. The entire system is crowned with a head fairing made of radio-transparent ceramics, under which there is a homing head.

Before being sent to the final consumer, to the troops, missiles are conveniently placed (in the local slang “roll up”) in the TPK. The Russian army traditionally prefers camouflage TPK. Although, taking into account the fact that the plant makes rockets for export, the color of the TPK can be any. They order both gray and sandy yellow, and in camouflage under the jungle. It does not matter. It is important that rockets produced in Moscow on Clara Zetkin Street always hit the target. According to the CEO of Avangard Denis Popkov, the guarantee of this lies in three factors: “In the design idea with which the” product “was designed, in the quality control system achieved at the plant and in the experience of people who work at the plant.”

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Electricity revolution. How the Bolshevik Krzhizhanovsky gave us light

Plot World History with Andrey Sidorchik

A modern vision of the revolutionary of 1917, reinforced by films and TV series — a nihilist, a destroyer of foundations, who does not carry anything positive in himself. Reality is much more complicated. The people who stormed the Winter Palace knew what kind of world they wanted to build.

What are you?

Whenever you charge your favorite smartphone, turn on the microwave or send things to the washing machine, remember — all this became real thanks to a man whose name is known only to a few today. A person who was the closest associate of Lenin.

If the employers of the tsarist era spoke modern language, they would say: “What are you, Krzhizhanovsky? And why don't you live in peace? Imagine Thomas Edisonin a leather jacket with a Mauser, and you can get a distant portraitof Gleb Krzhizhanovsky.

He was born on January 24, 1872 in Samara in the family of a Russified Pole and a Russified German. Despite the noble origin, the Krzhizhanovsky family did not live well, and a student of a real school, Krzhizhanovsky, earned a living by private lessons, trying to drive knowledge into the heads of young men from more affluent families. Despite this, Gleb graduated from the real school with honors. And the teachers said: “Krzhizhanovsky will go far!”

Not for himself, but for the people

And he went — first to a Marxist circle, and then to the Union of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class, where an engineering student crossed paths with a law student named Vladimir Ulyanov.

In 1895, the tsarist secret services defeated the Soyuz. The employees in charge of the case shook their heads: Krzhizhanovsky graduated with honors from St. Petersburg Technological University, he could have made an excellent career, why would he need trouble? And Gleb stubbornly shook his head: “You need to live not for yourself, but for the people.” .jpg “height =” 588 “width =” 800 “STYLE =” DISPLAY: BLOCK; ” />

Members of the St. Petersburg Union of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class (1897), Krzhizhanovsky sits second from the left (to the right of Lenin), 1897. Photo: Public Domain

In the transit prison, he translated Varshavyanka into Russian, while in exile he made further plans for the revolutionary struggle and at the same time proposed improvements in the work of the railway, where he was allowed to work as a mechanic. Despite the status of an exile, in a couple of years he made a career from a locksmith to the head of a railway section. Someone might have thought that Krzhizhanovsky “calmed down.”

“Destroy sedition in conception”

Nothing happened. A brilliant engineer, he could simultaneously solve the problems of the Electric Lighting Society and develop ammunition for the party's combat cell. When the secret police once again came for Krzhizhanovsky, he fled from the detective to another city, easily finding a job.

“Confidential. Count of the Russian Empire, His Excellency Orlov-Davydov.Your Excellency, invoking the grace of God upon you, I ask you to accept the archpastoral notice: on your hereditary ancestral possessions, projectors with the apostate engineer Krzhizhanovsky are designing the construction of a dam and a large electric power station. Show mercy to destroy sedition in conception, », — said in one of the denunciations of Lenin's ally. But it had nothing to do with revolutionary activity. Krzhizhanovsky tried to implement a hydroelectric project in Tsarist Russia and stumbled upon the fierce resistance of zealots of antiquity.

Today, fans of “The Russia We Lost” love to gossip — electrification was invented under Nicholas II, industrialization too, and the metro… Indeed, tsarist Russia was a graveyard of daring projects that were cut down in the bud by zealots of “Orthodoxy and nationality.”

The great science fiction writer Wells did not believe in this

Krzhizhanovsky had no chance of ceasing to be a revolutionary, because the realization of his dream did not fit into the framework of the power of the Romanov dynasty.

In 1919, Comrade Krzhizhanovsky, a member of the leadership of the new, Soviet Russia, moved into a small Moscow apartment, which did not even have enough firewood to heat it. Denikin went to Moscow, the Western press wrote that the days of the Bolsheviks were numbered. Krzhizhanovsky, on the other hand, came to a meeting with Lenin with a bunch of plans for electrification.

When the famous science fiction writer HG Wellsheard from Lenin about the intention to fully electrify a country like Russia, he defined the leader as a “Kremlin dreamer”, considering the plan utopian: “Can you imagine a more daring project in this vast, flat, forested country inhabited by illiterate sources of water energy, which does not have technically literate people, in which trade and industry have almost died out? Such electrification projects are now being carried out in Holland, they are being discussed in England, and one can easily imagine that in these densely populated countries with highly developed industry, electrification will prove successful, profitable and generally beneficial. But the implementation of such projects in Russia can only be imagined with the help of super-fantasy.

But he underestimated Krzhizhanovsky.

A jump into the future

Becoming the chairman of the State Commission for Electrification of Russia (GOELRO), he managed to carry out an unprecedented project. If in 1917 there were 75 power plants in Russia, then by 1927 there were 858 of them. If by the time of the revolution less than 550 settlements received electric light, then by the 10th anniversary of October there were 89 & nbsp; 739!

Everything that happened afterwards — industrialization, a technical breakthrough, the winning military equipment of the Great Patriotic War, any of our successes — they were based on that Great Electrification.

HG Wells, who arrived in the 1930s, saw the changes and admitted his complete defeat.

Krzhizhanovsky, who was the first chairman of the State Planning Committee and a participant in the creation first breakthrough plans for economic development, since the late 1930s he went into the shadows, leading the Energy Institute of the Academy of Sciences, which he himself created.

The main business of life

The father of the Soviet energy industry had a rather difficult relationship with Stalin, but despite this, Krzhizhanovsky's repressions were bypassed. But again they remembered him only after the death of the leader.

In 1957, Krzhizhanovsky was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor. This is the same case when the award in his declining years turned out to be not “anniversary”, but more than well-deserved.

He died in 1959 at the age of 87, having outlived most of his colleagues in the revolution, and rested in the necropolis near the Kremlin wall. 

He could well, like Edison, become a multimillionaire, a world legend, for he was not inferior to him either in talent or in work capacity. But Gleb Krzhizhanovsky wanted another — give us all light and warmth. And he did this work of life brilliantly.              

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Blinken assessed the impact of the Olympics on Russia’s plans for Ukraine

Blinken: The Beijing Olympics will not affect Russia's plans for Ukraine Russia will rely on its own interests, according to the US State Department. Bloomberg reported that the head of China could ask Putin to “not attack” Ukraine during the Olympics, Moscow and Beijing denied this

Anthony Blinken

Holding the Winter Olympic Games, which will be held in Beijing from February 4 to 20 , will not affect Russia's plans for a possible “invasion”; to Ukraine, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said in an interview with CBS.

“I don't think so”, — he said in response to a related question. According to Blinken, Russia will make decisions “based on President [Vladimir] Putin's assessments of what is in its interests.” The Secretary of State reiterated that the Russian side would face “tremendous consequences” in case of aggression against Ukraine.

On Jan. 22, Bloomberg, citing an unnamed diplomat in Beijing, reported that Chinese leader Xi Jinping may have asked Putin to “not invade” to Ukraine during the Olympics. As the agency wrote, the head of the PRC seeks to strengthen his authority within the country on the eve of a possible third term in office and avoid a crisis in Europe, in this regard, the Chinese Foreign Ministry reminded countries of observing the UN resolution on the Olympic Truce.

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Russian Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Maria Zakharova stated that the Bloomberg article was published as part of an “information special operation by the relevant American services.” According to her, the American media will not wait for Russia to “attack”, but this does not happen.

The Chinese Embassy in Russia called Bloomberg data a fake.

Russia does not once stated that the country does not threaten anyone and is not going to attack anyone, and the movement of troops on its own territory— her internal affairs. The Kremlin pointed out that against the background of the “unfriendly atmosphere” due to NATO exercises and the advance of its infrastructure to the east, Moscow is “forced to take precautionary measures”: Russian troops are near the Ukrainian border, which is necessary “in the face of a very tense situation.”

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The Foreign Ministry called Ukraine a place of experiments for Western countries

Maria Zakharova: Western countries perceive Ukraine as a “ground for experiments” According to Zakharova, Western countries need a reason to support sanctions against Russia, but there are no facts that prove Moscow's aggression. In this regard, they perceive Ukraine “as an instrument of influence in the region”

Maria Zakharova

Western countries consider Ukraine an instrument for pursuing their interests in the region, Izvestia told the newspaper Maria Zakharova, official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

“Ukraine is perceived by the West as an instrument of influence, carrying out its interests in the region, destabilizing the situation, influencing some processes, the accusations against us are endless”, — she said.

According to the diplomat, Western countries need a reason to “support the fire of sanctions” in relation to Russia. “Well, there are no facts proving our aggression, some kind of violation of international law by us, non-partnership relations,” — she said, adding that therefore Ukraine was “taken as a platform for experiments.”

Zakharova recalled that Russia is waiting for a written response from Western partners to each of the points of proposals for security guarantees and is showing “absolute cooperation” ;.

Earlier, a representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs accused the Western and Ukrainian media of spreading messages about the impending “Russian invasion” to Ukraine in order to cover up “their own large-scale provocations.” According to Zakharova, Western countries are trying to prepare the information space for a number of major provocations, including military ones. She believes that the British Foreign Office was preparing a “throw-in” in advance; that Russia allegedly seeks to change power in Ukraine, and it should be regarded as malicious information aggression.

On the night of January 23, the British Foreign Office said that it had data on the desire of the Russian authorities “to install a pro-Russian leader". One of the possible candidates, the department named the ex-deputy of the Verkhovna Rada Yevgeny Muraev, who has been under Russian sanctions since 2018. According to Sky News, the message of the British Ministry is based on US intelligence data.

In Moscow, in response to this, they said that the British Foreign Office was spreading disinformation, and this indicates that “it is the NATO countries led by the Anglo-Saxons are escalating tensions around Ukraine».

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What the resigned Sargsyan said about the crisis in Armenia

Armen Sarkissian resigned from the post of President of Armenia, saying that the head of state has no tools to influence political events in the country. What he said about the crisis in the country, Pashinyan and the war in Karabakh – in the RBC video

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The State Department announced the beginning of the evacuation of diplomats and their families from Ukraine

The State Department allowed part of the diplomats to leave Ukraine because of the “threat from Russia” The Embassy in Kiev is working normally

The U.S. State Department has issued an executive order allowing some employees of the U.S. embassy in Kiev to leave Ukraine.

“On January 23, 2022, the U.S. Department of State authorized the voluntary departure of U.S. employees and ordered the departure of relevant family members from the embassy in Kiev in view of the continuing threat of military action from Russia,»,— said in a statement from the department, an excerpt from which cites Reuters.

The State Department also recommended that US citizens who are in Ukraine consider leaving the country now using commercial flights. The agency urged Americans not to travel to Ukraine due to “ongoing tensions” near the Russian-Ukrainian border.

A spokeswoman for the department said at a briefing that the US embassy in Kiev will continue to operate as usual. “We continue to reaffirm our commitment to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. <…> I can say that the US Embassy in Kiev will continue its uninterrupted work to support Ukraine at this critical moment,— she said (quote from RIA Novosti).

On January 22, CNN, citing sources, reported that the US Embassy in Ukraine had requested permission from the State Department to allow non-essential personnel to leave the country. Another CNN source close to the Ukrainian government reported that Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, discussing with US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken the possibility of evacuating embassy personnel, called such a move “an overreaction.”

The US embassy in Kiev is working about 180 US citizens and 560 Ukrainian citizens hired locally. This figure does not include family members of diplomats.

According to Bloomberg, according to the plan being considered by the United States, family members of diplomats can be taken out without fail, and non-essential embassy staff will be able to leave at will. A source in the White House described the development of this plan as part of routine measures to prepare for a possible deterioration in the security situation in Ukraine.

According to Bild and the Daily Express, Germany and the United Kingdom are also considering the possibility of evacuating their diplomats from Ukraine.

As The New York Times wrote, citing a source in the Security Service of Ukraine, Russia is also preparing the evacuation of diplomats from the country. The Russian Foreign Ministry denied this.

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NYT learned of Biden’s plans to deploy troops, air force and navy in Europe

NYT: Biden considers deploying troops, air force and navy in Eastern Europe According to the publication, the US is considering expanding its military presence in the region amid growing fears due to Russian actions. Biden may decide to send up to 5,000 troops to Europe this week .jpg” alt=”NYT learned of Biden's plans to deploy troops, air force and navy in Europe” />

US President Joe Biden is considering deploying several thousand US military personnel, as well as ships and aircraft, to the Baltic countries and Eastern Europe, reports The New York Times, citing sources in the US administration. US officials consider expanding military presence in the region amid growing concerns about a possible “invasion” Russia to Ukraine, the newspaper writes.

On Saturday, January 22, at a meeting in the country residence of the US President Camp David, high-ranking Pentagon officials presented Biden with several options for action, the sources said. They include sending from 1,000 to 5,000 troops to Eastern European countries with the possibility of a “tenfold increase” their numbers if the situation worsens.

Biden is expected to make a decision this week, according to newspaper sources.

The publication clarifies that none of the options considered provides for the deployment of additional US troops on the territory of Ukraine itself.

The move, writes the NYT, will be a “turning point” for the administration of the American president, which up to this point had taken a low-key stance towards Ukraine, fearing to provoke Russia. But since talks between Russian and US officials failed, the administration decided to abandon that strategy.

Biden, speaking last week at a press conference marking a year in office, said the US would if necessary, are ready to increase the American military presence on the eastern flank of NATO— in Romania and Poland. He allowed this possibility in December, emphasizing that this would happen in the event of an “invasion”; Russia against Ukraine.

Romanian President Klaus Iohannis welcomed Biden's announcement of an increase in the number of troops in the country in case “the security situation deteriorates further.”

Reports that Russia is preparing an attack on Ukraine, began to appear in the media last fall, and similar fears were expressed by the authorities of the United States, Germany and other countries. Moscow has repeatedly denied that it is developing such plans. Despite this, the Western countries threatened Russia with sanctions and announced the delivery of military aid to Ukraine.

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Kadyrov called the ex-judge who left Russia “the embodiment of betrayal”

Kadyrov accused the ex-judge of betrayal and called human rights activists terrorists The head of Chechnya published a new post about the family of former judge Yangulbaev, in which he called human rights activist Igor Kalyapin and journalist Yelena Milashina terrorists

Ramzan Kadyrov

The head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, in his Telegram called the former judge of the Supreme Court of the republic, Saidi Yangulbaev, “the embodiment of betrayal.”

According to Kadyrov, Yangulbaev “could not educate intelligent children, and instead of convicting them for extremist statements, he betrayed the judiciary, supported them and fled, hiding behind the status of a judge.

The head of Chechnya said that the family of the former judge “with their provocations and intrigues nullified” the efforts of the authorities of the republic to destroy the terrorists and their accomplices and again promised that “wherever the Yangulbaevs fled, wherever they are, we, for our part, will do everything to find them in accordance with the law, and if they resist, they will be destroyed.” He had already made a similar statement earlier, accusing Saidi Yangulbaev's family of involvement in terrorist activities.

“For me, terrorists are also [human rights activist, member of the Human Rights Council Igor] Kalyapin with [a journalist from Novaya Gazeta]. Elena] Milashina, who make money on the theme of the Chechen Republic and Chechens, developing scripts and whispering texts and behavior into the ears of their characters, — continued the head of Chechnya. He appealed to Russian law enforcement agencies with a call to detain “these accomplices of terrorists.” According to Kadyrov, evidence of this “is in the materials of journalistic investigations on independent channels”— He did not specify which ones. RBC turned to Ramzan Kadyrov's press secretary for comment.

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Igor Kalyapin— founder of the organization “Committee against Torture” (In 2015, she was included in the register of NPOs-foreign agents, began work under the name “Committee for the Prevention of Torture”, which was then also included in the register of foreign agents). In 2016, he was attacked in Grozny: unknown persons attacked him near the hotel and threw eggs at him. Kalyapin came to the capital of Chechnya because of the attack on the organization's employees and journalists near the Chechen-Ingush border.

Elena Milashina— the author of publications about Chechnya in Novaya Gazeta, including articles on extrajudicial executions in the republic, she was also attacked in Grozny. After the material was released in March 2021, the publication’s employees reported that a chemical was sprayed near the building where the editorial office is located. Kadyrov called the journalists of Novaya Gazeta “by agents of well-known Western services unbelted from impunity.” The authorities of Chechnya accused the publication of publishing fakes.

Saydi Yangulbaev— the father of human rights activist Ibragim Yangulbaev, whom the Chechen authorities suspect of administering the opposition Telegram channel 1ADAT. In December last year, he was recognized as an extremist in the republic. Ibragim Yangulbaev spent about a year and a half in a pre-trial detention center on a case of extremism, complained to the ECHR about beatings and torture in the Grozny police. Yangulbaev Sr. also has a son, Abubakar, who worked in the “Committee against Torture” (the legal entity of the organization was recognized by foreign agents, now it works without registration) and daughter Aliya, in January they left Russia. According to Abubakar Yangulbaev, there is no contact with his relatives who remained in Grozny.

In his Telegram, Kadyrov published several entries, which he calls the correspondence of the Yangulbaev brothers. He also referred to an audio recording in the Telegram channel “Alternative 95”, in which, according to the head of Chechnya, “you can listen to what the Yangulbaev brothers want to do with the Chechens.” Recorded in Chechen. According to Alternative 95, on it Ibragim Yangulbaev “declares that he is going to kill all supporters of the Head of the Chechen Republic Ramzan Kadyrov, all civil servants, all law enforcement officers, as well as their wives, mothers and other family members.”

Who owns this Telegram channel, Kadyrov did not specify. In January, it was reposted by ChGTRK Grozny.

January 20 “Committee against Torture” reported that armed men in civilian clothes and masks broke into an apartment in Nizhny Novgorod, where Saydi Yangulbaev lived with his wife Zarema Musayeva. They presented the decision of the Chechen investigation to forcibly bring them in for interrogation, after which they forcibly took Musaeva, who suffers from diabetes, to Grozny without taking the necessary medicines. The former judge recorded a video message to Dmitry Peskov, press secretary of the President of Russia, in which he announced the kidnapping of his wife.

Chechen authorities claim that “there was no kidnapping”, and Musaeva is a witness in the fraud case. According to Minister Akhmed Dudayev, she was sent a summons for interrogation several times. Now, he says, Musayeva is in the special detention center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for insulting a security official. Kadyrov previously accused the woman of “attacking a police officer and almost depriving him of his eye.”

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Times learned about London’s fears because of Russia’s gas supplies to Europe

Times: Britain fears restrictions on Russian gas supplies to Europe due to sanctions British officials believe that sanctions against Russia over Ukraine will lead to a reduction in Russian gas supplies to Europe, which, in turn, will negatively affect prices

The Times learned of London's fears about Russian gas supplies to Europe

British government officials fear that possible Western sanctions against Russia over the situation around Ukraine will lead to a reduction in Russian gas supplies to Europe, The Times reports, citing sources.

According to the newspaper, the British Cabinet expects that in the event of the introduction of sanctions, Russia will be able to use its natural resources as a “weapon” and will limit supplies.

According to the sources of the publication, members of the government previously participated in a meeting at which they assessed how the reduction in supplies would affect the United Kingdom. There is no direct risk of gas shortages, they said, but the conflict will push fuel prices to new record levels.

“Unlike some countries, the UK practically does not import Russian gas, — said one of the interlocutors.— But, like all countries, we are at risk of rising wholesale prices, which will become a serious problem if Russia further restricts supplies.

About half of the gas entering the British market is produced offshore the North Sea, about a third is exported from Norway, the Times notes. The rest— supplies of liquefied natural gas (LNG), Britain's fears are that they will rise in price.

In 2020, the UK received less than 3% of gas from Russia, a government spokesman told the newspaper. Other European countries are much more dependent on Russian fuel, the newspaper writes: the share of deliveries to Germany is about 40%, and countries such as Sweden and Finland are “almost completely dependent on it.”

The EU has previously warned that due to the geopolitical situation, Europe will soon face “unusually high energy prices.” invade” to Ukraine (the Russian authorities have repeatedly denied this). Among the restrictions being considered in the US are — measures against the Russian Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline.

However, the sanctions that Europe will impose in the event of Russian “aggression” will not affect the pipeline, Austrian Foreign Minister Alexander Schallenberg said. “We in Europe are to a certain extent dependent on energy from Russia. <…> We can't change that overnight if we suddenly need heat and electricity,” — he explained.

The US Ambassador to the UN, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, is sure that Russia will not be able to cut off gas to Europe in response to sanctions, since this is not in the interests of Moscow itself. The Kremlin has repeatedly said that Russia does not use gas as a weapon.

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Called a “pro-Russian leader”, the ex-deputy of the Rada announced threats

Ex-deputy of the Rada Muraev said that after the accusations of the British Foreign Ministry, he received “hundreds of threats” According to Yevgeny Muraev, after the statements of Britain, “hundreds of threats” were received against his life and his family members. The ex-deputy suggested that London received disinformation from “elements in Ukraine” and did not properly check it

Evgeny Muraev the role of the leader of the government after the “invasion”; Russia to Ukraine, said he received “hundreds of threats” thereafter. He told the Independent about it.

“All this, of course, is a fantasy, but a dangerous and divisive fantasy, at a time when people are trying their best to prevent war. With regard to me, these accusations have led to hundreds of threats to my life and [the lives of] my family members,»,— Muraev reported.

He added that he did not know why Britain had made such accusations against him. “All I can guess is — it's that the UK Foreign Office got misinformation from some elements in Ukraine and they repeated it without proper verification,— admitted the ex-deputy.— I also think that I and some other people are involved in a geopolitical confrontation between the US, UK, NATO and Russia. facilitate the rise to power in Ukraine of a leader loyal to Moscow, “considering the possibility of invading Ukraine and occupying it.” Muraev was named one of the candidates for the role of such a leader.

London also said that Russian intelligence “maintains links with numerous former Ukrainian politicians,” including former First Deputy Prime Ministers of Ukraine Serhiy Arbuzov and Andriy Klyuev, former Prime Minister Mykola Azarov, and former Deputy Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine Volodymyr Sivkovich. Some of them, according to the British authorities, are in contact with intelligence officers who are involved in planning the “attack on Ukraine”.

Later, a Sky News journalist said on Twitter that the message from the British Foreign Office was based on US intelligence .

Commenting on the statement of the Foreign Ministry, Muraev recalled that since 2018 he has been under Russian sanctions, and the Russian assets of his family have been arrested. He expressed bewilderment at how this is combined with the statements of the British Foreign Office.

The Russian Foreign Ministry, in turn, called the message of British colleagues “nonsense”; and “disinformation”. The agency considered this evidence that the NATO countries “are engaged in an escalation of tension around Ukraine.”

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The United States allowed the restriction of the export of smartphones to Russia because of Ukraine

WP: US is considering limiting exports of microelectronics to Russia because of Ukraine Washington is exploring the possibility of applying a rule that would control the export to Russia of goods that use microelectronics, created or developed using components or software related to the United States

The United States allowed restrictions on the export of smartphones to Russia because of Ukraine

The United States may increase export controls on supplies to Russia in the event of its “invasion” to Ukraine, according to The Washington Post, citing representatives of the presidential administration. This can harm both some strategic industries, from artificial intelligence to civil aviation, and ordinary citizens, for example, deprive them of some models of smartphones, tablets and game consoles, they added. The information was confirmed by the source of The Hill.

In this case, Washington will invoke the foreign direct goods rule, which controls the export of microelectronics made with something related to the United States. According to WP, almost all electronics now includes semiconductors and “it's hard to find a semiconductor on the planet that wasn't made using American tools or designed using American software.” The newspaper also notes that Washington may try to force foreign companies to stop exporting such goods to Russia.

The Washington Post's interlocutors say the administration is working with European and Asian partners to create a version of the rule that would hurt exports to Russia in the industries it is most interested in: civil aviation, maritime shipping and high technology.

One of the newspaper's sources explained that in this way the United States could undermine the ability of these sectors to become growth drivers for the Russian economy.

At the same time, The Hill's source emphasized that the final decision had not yet been made and the possibility of such actions was being discussed with allies of the United States.

The WP clarified that these are “export weapons”; previously used only once and not against the whole state, but against the company— Huawei. This led to the first in the history of a Chinese company, a collapse in annual revenue of almost 30%.

On Sunday, Washington allowed some of the American employees of the embassy in Kiev and their families to leave Ukraine “due to the continuing threat of military action from Russia.” ;. US citizens were also advised not to travel to Ukraine.

The State Department assured that the US Embassy in Ukraine will continue to work after the departure of civil servants.

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The President of Kazakhstan dismissed the head of the Bureau of National Statistics

Photo: kremlin.ru

President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev dismissed Nurbolat from his post as head of the Bureau of National Statistics of the Agency for Strategic Planning and Reforms Nurbolat Aidapkelov, the press service of the Kazakh leader informs.

Aidapkelov has worked as the head of the Bureau of National Statistics of the Agency for Strategic Planning and Reforms of Kazakhstan since October 2020.

Earlier, Tokayev said that in the country will pursue a “new economic policy” that should lead to a reduction in the gap between the rich and the poor, a revision of the training program, an increase in tax collection and a reduction in bureaucratic procedures.

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American expert explained how Ukrainians can slow down a possible Russian invasion

According to Chris Osborne, editor of The National Interest, who previously worked at the Pentagon in logistics and technology, American anti-tank weapons can help Ukrainian army to slow down a potential Russian invasion.

“Now Russia has 12,420 tanks, Ukraine has only 2,596. In addition, the Russian Federation has twice as many armored vehicles and six times as many self-propelled artillery. This imbalance raises questions about how realistic it is for Ukraine to deter or repel a Russian invasion,” the expert writes.

With this in mind, he recommends that the Ukrainian army “be based on reasonable use of terrain, surprise attacks and the use of American anti-tank weapons production.

“Large Russian formations will need to maneuver and coalesce at certain critical moments, which will leave their forces potentially vulnerable. Javelin anti-tank systems could help destroy Russian tanks at ranges exceeding several miles,” he added.

The expert also recalled that there are more plains in eastern Ukraine than in the more hilly western regions. Therefore, the equipment will be visible from the air, where Russia also has an overwhelming superiority. As soon as Ukrainian tanks or anti-tank systems open fire, they will immediately give away their location to aerial drones with infrared or thermal sensors, Osborne said.

invasion. Russia is unlikely to be able to deploy aircraft capable of challenging the F-35. If Ukraine received air support from the United States, Russian ground formations would become vulnerable,” he concluded.

Recall that on January 23, the second batch of lethal American weapons arrived in Ukraine. Kiev received more than 80 tons of weapons from Washington. As the Ukrainian Telegram channels clarify, this time hand-held disposable grenade launchers M141 Bunker Defeat Munition were brought to Ukraine.

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