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The expert spoke about the dangers of pyrotechnic products

The composition of pyrotechnic products contains toxic substances that can cause various diseases. Professor, Doctor of Chemistry Dmitry Mustafin spoke about the dangers of fireworks in a conversation with RT.

According to him, in order to make pyrotechnic products colorful and shiny, manufacturers add inorganic metal salts to them … These substances are quite strong toxicants and can cause cancer, Mustafin said. The scientist also said that the composition of fireworks can include compounds of mercury and antimony.

Launching pyrotechnic products in an enclosed space increases the risk of chemical poisoning, Mustafin said. He added that any pyrotechnics does not bode well for the atmosphere, since a huge amount of carbon dioxide is emitted.

Earlier, an EMERCOM employee spoke about how to properly store pyrotechnics. More details – in the material of AiF.ru.

Источник aif.ru

On Sakhalin and Kuril Islands, servicemen were revaccinated against coronavirus

Servants of military units stationed in Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands completed revaccination against COVID-19. This was reported by the press service of the Eastern Military District.

Repeatedly by “ Sputnik V '' all contract servicemen and officers were vaccinated. Before the injection, the military underwent a mandatory medical examination and testing for the presence of antibodies to COVID-19.

The department added that the first vaccination of all personnel of the army corps of the Air Defense Forces took place in early 2021. After six months, a second course of vaccinations began.

It is noted that thanks to the created immunity resistant to infection, the military successfully carry out the combat training program.

Recall that revaccination began in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation on July 1 military personnel from coronavirus infection.

Источник aif.ru

The government allocated more than 24 billion rubles for the construction of schools

More than 24.4 billion rubles for the construction of new schools in 23 regions will be allocated from the federal center in 2022-2024. The corresponding decree was signed by the Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Mikhail Mishustin on December 17.

Subsidies will go to the construction of 49 modern schools, where more than 45 thousand students will be able to study. Part of the money for the construction will be directed by the regions and investors.

The Chechen Republic (14.44 billion rubles), Krasnodar Territory (11.91 billion rubles), & nbsp; Dagestan (7.76 billion rubles) and the Perm Territory (6.2 billion rubles).

This tranche & mdash; already the third since the beginning of the year. The first stage of selection of projects for the construction of schools took place in the spring. As a result, the regions were allocated 43.5 billion rubles. As part of the second stage, another 74 billion rubles were allocated in the fall. The authorities have now announced the fourth phase. Its results will be announced early next year.

In total, in 2021-2024, from the federal budget for the construction of schools within the framework of the state program “ Development of Education '' 234.7 billion rubles will be allocated.

Previously, the chairman of the United Russia party; Dmitry Medvedev announced that by the end of 2024 about 1.3 thousand schools will be built in Russia.

Источник aif.ru

Russian medical institutions purchased “Spinraza” for 17 billion rubles

Medical organizations of the Russian Federation in 2021 spent 17 billion rubles for the purchase of the drug Spinraza; for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), RIA Novosti reports.

According to the electronic RTS-Tender, a total of 171 contracts have been signed. Of these, 53 contracts for the amount of 13.3 billion rubles fall on the Federal Center for Planning and Organization of Drug Supply for Citizens of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. He is a customer for the supply of drugs for the Circle of Kindness fund.

Four regions were also among the large customers: Bashkiria (429 million rubles), St. Petersburg (254 million), Rostov region (190 million ) and Krasnodar Territory (186 million).

The drug Spinraza included in the list of vital drugs in the Russian Federation for 2021, due to which it was possible to reduce its cost from 7.8 million rubles to 5.14 million rubles per injection. This drug must be taken for life. The first four doses are administered over 2.5 months, then one every four months.

Earlier it was reported that all children with SMA will receive medications by the end of this year at the expense of the Circle of Kindness fund. … Three drugs are registered in Russia for the treatment of this disease & mdash; Nusinersen (Spinraza), Risdiplam and 'Zolgensma'.

'Circle of Kindness' & mdash; Fund to support children with serious illnesses, created by presidential decree on January 5, 2021. The main source of funding & mdash; 2% of personal income tax for individuals and organizations whose income exceeds 5 million rubles per year, as well as voluntary donations from individuals and legal entities.

Источник aif.ru

In Moscow, police have liquidated a financial pyramid

The capital's law enforcement officers stopped the activities of a financial pyramid, whose members fraudulently stole money from citizens. This was announced by the official representative of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Irina Volk.

It was preliminary established that the attackers published an advertisement on the Internet and called potential clients, mainly pensioners. They introduced themselves as employees of commercial organizations and offered citizens to invest in various areas. For example, pharmaceutical activity in the Novosibirsk region, fishing industry in Karelia, tourism business in Crimea, etc. Investors were promised income from 12 to 21% monthly.

Those who signed the contract were paid interest by fraudsters for several months. But then they offered to increase the amount of the deposit on even more favorable terms.

“ For example, one of the depositors succumbed to the convictions of the swindlers and contributed a total of 80 million rubles '', & ndash; Wolf noted.

Subsequently, the members of the criminal group stopped paying interest. Nobody returned the money to the defrauded depositors.

Nine members of the organized group were detained. The alleged organizer of the criminal scheme was arrested, the rest are under recognizance not to leave and proper behavior. Searches were carried out in the offices and at the addresses of the defendants. Law enforcement officers seized server equipment, computer equipment and various documents.

Earlier it was reported that the Central Bank began to identify financial pyramids operating on the principle of online investment games.

Источник aif.ru

What kind of Russian language course for officials has the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation prepared?

The Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation has published the first training video tutorial on the Russian language for government officials in the public domain. The agency published it on its website, as well as on its Youtube page. In total, the course is designed for 24 lessons, the total duration of training is & mdash; & nbsp; four hours. The amount of the state contract was 1 million 375 thousand rubles.

Why do they want to teach officials?

The main goal of the training course & mdash; & nbsp; to teach officials to speak and write about complex government issues in a more understandable and accessible language , they say in the Accounts Chamber.

“ We see a significant demand from society for the authorities to be even more understandable, to speak the same language with people. Therefore, we initially created our course not only for ourselves, but also for all civil servants, so that each department has expanded the ability to provide information about itself in a language understandable to all, & mdash; & nbsp; said Director of the Department of External Communications of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation Pavel Demidov. & Nbsp;

What exactly will the officials be taught?

The training will consist of three blocks:

  • & laquo ; Basics of structuring information. ''
  • “ Lexical and stylistic content of the text. ''
  • “ Visual content. ''

Each block has a cycle of video lessons and presentations to them.

What is the first video lesson about?

The topic of the first video lesson: “ Basics of structuring information. Informativeness of the text and volume. ''For six minutes, the presenter talks to officials about the importance of written reports & nbsp; as documents reflecting the result of the activities of a state organization. In this case, & mdash; & nbsp; of the Accounts Chamber.

& laquo; Report & mdash; & nbsp; is the main product and result of the activities of the JV RF. Therefore, it should be understandable to everyone, including the population & raquo ;, & mdash; & nbsp; the lesson says.

For citizens to be able to navigate in complex reports and understand what's what, officials need to adhere to the following principles:

  • The text of the report should have a logical structure.
  • Duplication and redundancy should be avoided.
  • The presentation should be simple, but not primitive.
  • Visual aids can make it easier to understand text.
  • The language of the report, despite the fact that the task is to draw up a formal and business text, should be understandable to any reader.

“ Through the openness of the Accounts Chamber, it develops the “ feeling of a taxpayer '', qualitatively ensures the constitutional right of citizens to participate in the management of state affairs and contributes to an increase in the orientation of the activities of the authorities towards public interests, & mdash; & nbsp; said in the educational presentation.

Despite the fact that officials should strive to speak and write not in clerical, but in Russian, when drawing up reporting documentation, they should still be guided by regulatory standards, the authors of the video course emphasize. & nbsp;

What will the second video lesson be about? & nbsp;

The second lecture will be devoted to & nbsp; & quot; Written Communication. & quot; Also, officials are promised to tell how to make the report “ understandable to most people '' ; how to shorten it without losing its meaning and remove the tautology from the text.

You can read the lectures & nbsp; here.

Information source:

ach.gov.ru/news/ponyatnyy-yazyk-dlya-chinovnikov

Источник aif.ru

When is the winter solstice?

Solstice occurs twice a year & mdash; summer and winter. These days, the sun either sinks to a minimum distance above the horizon, or moves away & mdash; to the maximum. It is then that the lowest position of the Sun above the horizon can be observed.

What is the winter solstice? & Nbsp;

The solstice occurs twice a year & mdash; summer and winter. These days, the sun either sinks to a minimum distance above the horizon, or moves away & mdash; to the maximum. In another way, this day is called the entry of the Sun into the sign of Capricorn.

On December 21, 2021, the Sun will drop to & nbsp; minimum height above the horizon. That is why today in the northern hemisphere will be the longest night and the shortest day of the year. & Nbsp;

What happens to the Sun on this day?

The Sun, moving in its orbit, will move as far as possible from the celestial equator towards the south pole of the world. So, in the northern hemisphere of the Earth an astronomical winter will come, and in the southern & mdash; summer. Within a few days, the Sun will “ freeze '' at the same height. That is why this day got its name. And then the day will begin to lengthen a little, and the night will wane. & Nbsp;

According to astronomers, at the latitude of the Moscow region today, December 21, the height of the Sun at noon will be 11 degrees. & Nbsp;

On this day, the Sun rises in the southeast and sets in the southwest, describing the shortest arc in the firmament. According to the Moscow Planetarium, in the capital today the Sun will rise above the horizon at 8:58 Moscow time and set at 15:58 Moscow time, the daylight hours will be exactly 7 hours, which is 10.5 hours less than on the summer solstice. On June 21, daylight hours in Moscow lasts 17 hours 33 minutes. By the way, as early as January 1, 2022, daylight hours will increase by seven minutes.

On these winter days beyond the Arctic Circle (66.5 degrees north latitude), the polar night sets in, which does not necessarily mean complete darkness throughout the day … Its main feature is that the Sun does not rise above the horizon. & Nbsp;

“ For example, the polar night at the latitude of Murmansk lasts 40 days & mdash; from December 2 to January 10. Its peak falls on December 21-22. At the North Pole of the Earth, not only the Sun is not visible, but also there is no twilight. A completely different picture in the area of ​​the South Pole of the Earth & mdash; in Antarctica at this time, the day lasts around the clock & raquo ;, & mdash; explains the official website of the Moscow Planetarium.

How was the Winter Solstice celebrated in Russia?

In Russia, in the 16th century, a special ceremony was held on Solstice Day. The bell ringer of the Kremlin, who was responsible for the chimes, was sent to the tsar to bow. He informed the royal court that the sun had turned for summer, which means: the day is increasing, and the night is decreasing. From there, probably, the proverb went: “ The sun '' for summer, winter & mdash; in the cold. ''

On this day, the ancient Slavs gave each other gifts. Some of them celebrated the pagan New Year on the solstice day, which they associated with the deity Kolyada. Children carolled, danced in circles, adults lit a fire and jumped over it, competing in strength. The whole celebration was decorated with one of the main attributes of the celebration, a round pie resembling the shape of the sun & nbsp; & mdash; better known as a loaf. Moreover, the day had to be spent as merrily and richer as possible, since on this holiday it was determined what the harvest would be. An additional guideline was also the presence of frost: if there was a lot of it, then this is a good sign. & Nbsp;

Sources : & nbsp;

https: //www. planetarium-moscow.ru/about/news/den-zimnego-solntsestoyaniya-21dekabrya2021/

Источник aif.ru

Meeting the crew of the Soyuz MS-20 spacecraft in the Moscow region

Cosmonaut Alexander Misurkin , Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa and his assistant Yozo Hirano arrived at the Cosmonaut Training Center. Yu. A. Gagarin in Zvezdny Gorodok for medical examination, a program of post-flight scientific experiments and rehabilitation. Crew members of the Soyuz MS-20 spacecraft were met by the leaders and employees of the CTC, representatives of Roscosmos and RSC Energia; (part of Roskosmos) and cosmonauts.

Start of the Soyuz MS-20 spacecraft took place on December 8, 2021. The ISS visiting crew 20 spent 12 days at the station. December 20, the descent vehicle of the manned spacecraft Soyuz MS-20 landed in the steppe of Kazakhstan. The 'tourist' has returned to Earth the crew of the Russian cosmonaut & nbsp; Alexander Misurkin and space flight participants from Japan Yusaku Maezawa and Yozo Hirano .

Japanese space tourist Yusaku Maezawa before the meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. Gagarin in the Star City © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Executive Director for Manned Space Programs of the State Corporation Roscosmos Sergei Krikalev before the ceremony of welcoming the crew of the Soyuz MS-20 spacecraft at the Yu.A. Gagarin in the Star City © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Japanese space tourist Yusaku Maezawa during a meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexander Misurkin (center), Japanese space tourists Yozo Hirano (second from left), Yusaku Maezawa (right) during a meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexander Misurkin (center), Japanese space tourists Yozo Hirano (left), Yusaku Maezawa (right) during a meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Japanese space tourists Ezo Hirano and Yusaku Maezawa (left to right) during a meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Japanese space tourist Yozo Hirano during a welcoming ceremony at the Yu.A. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexander Misurkin (center), Japanese space tourists Yozo Hirano (left), Yusaku Maezawa (right) during a meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. Gagarin in Star City © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Japanese space tourist Yusaku Maezawa before the meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. Gagarin in the Star City © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Executive Director for Manned Space Programs of the State Corporation Roscosmos Sergei Krikalev before the ceremony of welcoming the crew of the Soyuz MS-20 spacecraft at the Yu.A. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Japanese space tourist Yusaku Maezawa during a welcoming ceremony at the Yu.A. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexander Misurkin (center), Japanese space tourists Yozo Hirano (second from left), Yusaku Maezawa (right) during a meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexander Misurkin (center), Japanese space tourists Yozo Hirano (left), Yusaku Maezawa (right) during a meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. Gagarin in the Star City © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Japanese space tourists Ezo Hirano and Yusaku Maezawa (left to right) during a meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Japanese space tourist Yozo Hirano during the meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Roscosmos cosmonaut Alexander Misurkin (center), Japanese space tourists Yozo Hirano (left), Yusaku Maezawa (right) during a meeting ceremony at the Yu.A. Gagarin in the Star City © RIA Novosti/Grigory Sysoev

Источник aif.ru

Double divorce. Kokorin and Mamaev left their wives who were waiting for them from prison

Pavel Mamaev and Alexander Kokorin in recent years have been perhaps the most famous Russian footballers. At least, even those who are not interested in sports in principle knew their names.

Friendship and prison

October 7, 2018 after the Zenit match & mdash; Krasnodar in St. Petersburg, old friends went to Moscow to celebrate the 10th anniversary of their acquaintance. The merry night, which turned into the same morning, was accompanied by beating at first the driver of the host of Channel One. Vitaly Solovchuk , and then Director of the Department of Automotive Industry and Railway Engineering of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia Denis Pak .

As a result, Kokorin and Mamaev ended up in the dock. In May 2019, Alexander Kokorin was sentenced to one year and six months in prison, and Pavel Mamaev & mdash; to one year and five months in prison.

During this period, the couple received more attention than all other Russian footballers combined. Even for the participation of players in football matches in the “ zone '' watched almost as closely as the games of the Russian national team.

Kokorin and Mamaev were released in the fall of 2019. The first, having played for Sochi, then signed a contract with Spartak, for which he spent only 10 matches, scoring only two goals. After that, Alexander unexpectedly moved to the Italian Fiorentina, becoming the club's third highest salary. However, in two seasons in Italy, he did not play even a dozen matches, did not score a single goal & nbsp; and became a strong irritant for local fans who believe that the club was simply deceived by selling him a completely useless Russian.

Loyal spouses

After his release, Mamaev signed a contract with Rostov, where he made his debut brightly, but quickly faded out. For three seasons, the midfielder played about 20 matches, and the contract with him was not renewed. Now Pavel has moved to Khimki.

Apparently, Kokorin is also expecting an early return home, because in Italy they are tired of him. Sources claim that Alexander can reunite with Mamaev at Khimki, but for this he will have to agree to a salary cut sixfold at once.

At the moment when the players were behind bars, they were desperately defended by their spouses. Alana Mamaeva and Darya Valitova argued that their husbands are being punished unfairly, that they have become victims of a demonstrative massacre. This female devotion moved many and added sympathy from the & nbsp; society to Pavel and Alexander.

The wives waited for their husbands from prison, but, alas, neither the one nor the other couple managed to live together happily ever after.

Mamay's slaughter: how Alana and Pavel parted

In March 2021, Alana announced that her husband was cheating on her during training camps. A few days later, the woman posted on Instagram: “We're getting a divorce! Divorce peacefully and without scandals! I do not apply for the division of property, I do not ask for alimony, I allow to see the children at any time of the day or night! All by mutual desire! Consider this an official statement! The lawyers are already working! I hope you don't have any more questions. ''

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Publication from Pavel Mamaev (@ mamaev_pavel17)

Quiet divorce did not work out. First, Alana, and then Pavel himself began to tell journalists a lot of hard-hitting stories about each other.

“ At the moment, Pasha is sending me 12-30 thousand for food for children. Someone will say that this is quite enough, but I miss it. Because, in addition to products, there is still a lot of related things that children need, especially since school is coming soon. He knows very well that 30 thousand for our children & mdash; this is not enough … I will fight all injustice to the last. I will not allow them to take my children away and give me some meager pennies for living. I will not allow them to take away the cars my children drive, this small apartment … Moreover, I will find all the money that he has hidden for 8 years, and I will get everything that belongs to me by law '', & raquo ;, & raquo ;, & mdash; Alana thundered.

“ She puts up screenshots that I am transferring 30 thousand rubles each, & mdash; answered Pavel, & mdash; but does not mention that I transferred 10 million to her. I did for myself a printout of all the transfers that I made from the moment we made the decision to divorce. The total amount & mdash; more than 11 million rubles. She says that she is poor and unhappy, although she lives in an apartment for half a million dollars, the area of ​​which, as she presents, is & mdash; 48 square meters. Drives a Bentley over 20 million, has a Range Rover for 15 million … I don't want to share anything with her, let her take everything from me … I called my daughter via video link a couple of weeks ago. Suddenly, Alana enters in the background and says the following phrase: “ Alice, do not forget that your dad is scum, and next to him is another scum. ''

And now Alana does not leave her ex-husband alone. His move to Khimki publication “ RB Sport '' she commented, “I think his football career is over. Of course, he was a professional footballer, but now he is not the same. ''

Civil marriage

Compared to the Mamaevs, Kokorin and Valitova were much quieter. The couple began dating in 2013, in 2017 they had a son, but even after that, the civil marriage did not become official. Before meeting a football player, Daria was engaged in dancing, began a vocal career, but after the beginning of a relationship with Kokorin, she was quite satisfied with the position of the wife of a football star.

I must say that Daria never felt dependent on Alexander & mdash; the girl has a wealthy father. Who, by the way, was not delighted with the adventures of Kokorin, noticing to reporters that Alexander “ is not a son-in-law, but just the father of his grandson. ''

Nevertheless, as already mentioned, Valitova supported her civil husband in difficult days for him. Apparently, the girl treasured the relationship and was ready to forgive her beloved a lot.

Even before Kokorin went to prison, Daria said: “ At first, our relationship did not go well. Sasha was some kind of stubborn, stubborn, probably considered himself a star. We fought, I often gave him terrible tantrums, and he silently left. But he did not disappear, he called again. We met again and fought again. ''

They say that the transition of Kokorin to Spartacus, from which Alexander had renounced in his time, was accomplished under the influence of Daria. She also didn’t mind his move to Italy.

“In terms of personal relations, our paths parted, and this happened a long time ago.”

However, the family boat did crash. In the summer of 2021, Valitova wrote on Instagram: “ Now is a very difficult time for me … I am not used to talking about such things out loud or in public … But there are things that cannot be kept in oneself … Betrayal of a loved one, probably the hardest thing that can happen to each of us … It looks like a little death, when something stops inside, some mechanisms stop working and the cold sets in … Right now I'm not ready to talk about it and go into details, since emotions prevail over reason and common sense, it is just important for me to fix this and make a certain life lesson … The time will come, and I will talk about it openly as never before … ''

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Publication from Alexander Kokorin & bull; # К91 (@kokoringram)

There was practically no doubt that we were talking about Kokorin. Especially after he and Daria unsubscribed from each other on social networks. Nevertheless, they did not speak directly about the parting.

And now, in December, Daria decided to answer on the social network a direct question from one of the subscribers: “ Have you divorced Alexander? ''

'We have never been officially married, & mdash; wrote Valieva. & nbsp; & mdash; Therefore, it is difficult to call it a divorce. But in terms of personal relations, our paths diverged, and this happened a long time ago. ''

Mamaev is now 33, Kokorin & mdash; 30. The guys who were once ranked among the main talents of Russia, as they say, go from the fair. About people like them, they say & mdash; “ play out ''. Perhaps they will still be dusting together in Khimki, but they will not be looked at as masters, but as “the very ones who have served time.”

But life does not end with football. The chance to start over is still & mdash; in another area and now with other women.

Источник aif.ru

LPR fighters fired at the Ukrainian military because of the death of a militia

Photo: Website of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine

Ukrainian security forces fired at the territory of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People's Republic. This happened after 15 days of silence. As a result, one militia was killed. Another was wounded.

In response, the People's Militia of the LPR opened fire on the positions of the Ukrainian security forces in Donbass, said the official representative of the republic's defense department Ivan Filiponenko. According to preliminary data, as a result of return fire, two Ukrainian soldiers were killed. Another was wounded.

In addition, he accused Kiev of deliberately destabilizing the situation in Donbass. Filiponenko claims that the aggravation of the conflict is directly related to the next meeting of the subgroups, as well as the contact group on the settlement of the conflict in Donbass. They are scheduled for December 21-22.

Earlier, LDPR Leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky said that a full-scale military conflict in eastern Ukraine could begin in February next year, during the Winter Olympics.

Источник www.mk.ru

Zelensky made it easier for Russians “persecuted” by the authorities to obtain citizenship

Photo: Still from video

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy signed a decree making it easier for Russians to obtain citizenship political reasons. ” Amendments have been made to the law “ On Citizenship of Ukraine '', according to the website of the Ukrainian leader.

Now a simplified procedure for acquiring citizenship is provided for persons who served in the ranks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, or have “ outstanding services to Ukraine or represent public interest. '' They may also be citizens of Russia, but at the same time & nbsp; & quot; were persecuted for their political beliefs. ''

On December 14, these changes were approved by deputies of the Verkhovna Rada.

Earlier, Zelensky said that the situation around gas pipeline & quot; Nord Stream-2 & quot; can facilitate the organization of a meeting with Vladimir Putin. The Ukrainian leader called the project the most serious instrument thanks to which such negotiations could take place.

Источник www.mk.ru

Photos of the captured Bayraktar drone appeared on the web

Means of destroying foreign drones are being developed in Russia

The information released by the famous military TV reporter Alexander Rogatkin is actively discussed on social networks. He prepared a story about the development in Russia of means of dealing with alien drones. The photo posted on the Web captures the captured Turkish drone “Bayraktar” (Bayraktar TB2). These drones caused a lot of trouble for the Armenian troops in the second Karabakh war last year, and now they are threatened by the unrecognized republics of Donbass by Ukrainian troops.

It is not reported where exactly the Bayraktar was shot down. It is known that these drones were actively used by Turkish specialists in Libya, Syria, and also in Azerbaijan. Earlier it was reported that several drones were shot down in Libya with the help of the Russian Pantsir-S anti-aircraft systems, which are in service with the troops of Marshal Haftar.

It is unlikely that the Bayraktars were shot down in Karabakh. Otherwise, the Armenian side would not fail to inform about this.

On the other hand, it does not matter where the Russian specialists received the trophy. It is much more important to get the drone in a more or less normal state so that you can study its electronic brains. Judging by the photo, the wreckage of Bayraktar is in satisfactory condition.

The study of the on-board equipment of the drone will help to better understand the principle of control, study the means of communication and navigation. This will help develop the most effective means for detecting and destroying drones. For example, using anti-aircraft missile systems or electronic warfare (EW) stations.

This is not an idle task, given that Ukraine has purchased a batch of Bayraktars from Turkey and is building a plant to assemble them near Kiev. Now these drones make provocative flights near Donbass and Crimea.

Some technologies hidden in Bayraktar, for example, Canadian engines or American navigators, can be used to create Russian drones.

This, by the way, is a well-known practice. For example, in the 70s, the captured newest American guided air-to-air missile helped the specialists of the State Research Institute of Aviation Systems to create the excellent Soviet K-8 missile.

The military journalist Rogatkin spoke about the development in Russia of technologies to combat other people's drones. It turns out that not only anti-aircraft missiles and cannons or electronic warfare means are used for this, but also drones. Thus, a demonstration unmanned aerial battle was organized over the Crimea. In the course of it, the only Russian heavy drone “Orion” with a mass of one ton shot down a helicopter-type drone with a guided mini-missile at a distance of 4 kilometers. Some experts suggest that they used fundamentally new missiles specially designed for drones.

Источник www.mk.ru

Satanovsky assessed the likely response of the United States to the proposals of the Russian Federation: “They will definitely send it.”

“It could end with anything”

The proposals for achieving strategic stability voiced by the Russian Foreign Ministry on December 17 will most likely not be accepted by the United States and NATO. The consequences will be unpredictable, right up to the war. This is the opinion of the well-known Russian political scientist Yevgeny Satanovsky.

The reaction of the US and NATO, he wrote on his Telegram channel“ Armageddon “is generally predictable:” something can be discussed, but generally unacceptable. ” Otherwise, according to him, the United States “will have to curtail all the work of strangling Russia by military means, leaving only agitation, propaganda, recruitment, espionage and, at worst, sabotage to achieve this goal …”.

“ They will certainly send us, – the political scientist believes. – Only Biden lacks after Afghanistan to retreat to the initial positions in Europe. The Republicans and the particular Trump will not forgive him and the Democrats for this. And the entire foreign policy of America, as you know, is nothing more than a reflection of domestic policy. ” won't do it at all. ”

“ A damn curious situation. It can end with anything, ”the expert noted.

At the same time, he believes, “it makes no sense for Biden to fight for Ukraine, Poland, the Baltic States and Georgia with Romania and the Czech Republic either.”

“It's one thing to bring them to Russia – he noted. – … Rhetoric and military exercises, assault and onslaught, NATO bases and strongholds, a little money and weapons and a lot of promises to increase self-esteem – it's understandable. But to fight seriously ?! And if the proposals made by Russia are not accepted, this means exactly this development of events … “.

Источник www.mk.ru

What kind of new rocket for helicopters and drones has been developed in Russia?

A new X-UAV guided aircraft missile has been developed in Russia. It will be used as part of a complex of weapons for drones and helicopters, RIA Novosti reports, citing a source in the military-industrial complex. & Nbsp; & nbsp;

Anti-tank missile system & nbsp; (ATGM) “ Kornet-D '', on the basis of which the X-UAV was developed. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org

What is known about the new missile?

Not much is known about the new missile yet. It is reported that the X-UAV has become a further development of the line of guided munitions from the Kornet-D anti-tank guided missile system. Earlier, dozens of successful tests of the new missile were carried out from the prototype Ka-52M. Its launches were also carried out from drones “ Pacing '', “ Outpost '' and 'Altius'. & nbsp;

X-UAV has a range of up to 10 kilometers. It can effectively engage both heavily armored vehicles and low-flying low-speed air targets.

The missile can be aimed not only in a laser beam, but also in thermal and television modes.

Source :

https://ria.ru/20211218/raketa-1764365384.html?

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Doctors explain the loss of appetite with the omicron strain

Plot The spread of a new strain of coronavirus “omicron”

Infectious disease doctor, pediatrician, professor of the Department of Pediatrics, Moscow Regional Research and Clinical Institute named after M.F. Vladimirsky Elena Meskina said that loss of appetite is observed in a patient with any infection, and not only with infection with the omicron strain of coronavirus, reports RBC.

“ I can assure you that patients who are infected with any strain lose their appetite. '' , & mdash; She said.

Director of the Institute of Health Economics at the Higher School of Economics Larisa Popovich added that the exact strain of coronavirus cannot be determined based on this symptom.

“ In general, COVID-19 causes fatigue, and therefore , decreased mood, which may be associated with loss of appetite '', & mdash; the doctor explained.

Earlier, British researchers from the ZOE COVID Study published a list of symptoms indicating infection with the omicron strain of coronavirus.

An unusual sign of infection was named, which is slightly less common than the main ones: loss of appetite.

The new strain was first identified at the end of November in Africa: Botswana and South Africa. According to the WHO, cases of infection with the omicron strain have already been recorded & nbsp; in 89 countries.

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Swimming trunks for the chancellor. How Brezhnev swam with Brandt and cried at the “Station”

115 & nbsp; years, 19 & nbsp; December 19, 1906, a man appeared on the & nbsp; world, whose life then with equal success entered both & nbsp; & nbsp; history, and & nbsp; & nbsp; jokes. The years when the Soviet Union was led by Leonid Brezhnev are called differently: both & nbsp; the golden era of the USSR, and & nbsp; the period of stagnation. To this day, not only his political activities, but & nbsp; and & nbsp; biography, personal life, habits, addictions and & nbsp; tastes are of keen interest. And & nbsp; is still a lot of & nbsp; in & nbsp; this figure is surprising.

“What is this & nbsp; Barmaley”

People from & nbsp; close circle of the General Secretary noted his benevolence. Brezhnev favorably distinguished from & nbsp; his predecessor Khrushchev even outwardly. Having just come to & nbsp; power, prominent and & nbsp; stately, even a little imposing, he & nbsp; seemed the complete opposite in & nbsp; relation to & nbsp; small, round and & nbsp; fussy Khrushchev. This is at the & nbsp; end of a patient's life and & nbsp; rapidly decrepit, awarded with countless orders and & nbsp; medals, four times Hero of the Soviet Union and & nbsp; Hero of Socialist Labor, a former handsome general secretary was a pitiful sight. Then & nbsp; appeared and & nbsp; a rather evil anecdote-riddle about & nbsp; him: “ What kind of & nbsp; Barmalei/Suddenly climbed onto the & nbsp; Mausoleum?/The speeches are long, empty,/Eyebrows are black, thick./He & nbsp; and & nbsp; and & nbsp; hero,/Guess who he is?/Who will give the correct answer,/He will receive 20 & nbsp; years.

However, twenty years in & nbsp; then & nbsp; time for & nbsp; jokes were not & nbsp; and & nbsp; and & nbsp; Leonid Ilyich himself was quite tolerant of jokes about himself. About & nbsp; his character preserved, for example, such a memory. In & nbsp; 1976, Brezhnev experienced clinical death. He was brought back to & nbsp; life, but & nbsp; in & nbsp; for several months he & nbsp; could not & nbsp; work. The personal doctor of the General Secretary Evgeny Chazov recalled the & nbsp; last period of the life of a high-ranking patient: “ It was already a very old man … sentimental, soft in & nbsp; handling & nbsp; others … Like & nbsp; and & nbsp; many old people … his passion for & nbsp; awards and & nbsp; gifts has intensified.

Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, head of the political department of the 18th army, major general. 1945 Photo: RIA Novosti

Song for the main thing

This passion appeared in & nbsp; Leonid Ilyich after he had established himself on the & nbsp; party Olympus. And & nbsp; in & nbsp; youth and & nbsp; in & nbsp; more mature years was not & nbsp; alien to other, simpler earthly joys. Already being the deputy chairman of the Dneprodzerzhinsk city executive committee, Brezhnev, together with the residents of the house on the 4 & nbsp; family, where he was given an apartment, together drove pigeons to the & nbsp; courtyard dovecote. This unprepossessing building bore the nickname “ Lenin's House '' among the people, and & nbsp; Brezhnev himself, repeatedly coming to & nbsp; Dneprodzerzhinsk, visited & nbsp; his former apartment, talked with & nbsp; people.

It happened that the sentimentality of the Secretary General played an important role in the & nbsp; life of the country & nbsp; & mdash; for example, in its & nbsp; cultural & nbsp; component. For example, she saved films that Soviet viewers could & nbsp; and & nbsp; not & nbsp; see. It is known that the censorship did not & nbsp; admit the movie “ Belorusskiy Vokzal '' & nbsp; & mdash; due to the fact that the police were not presented in the best light there. However, Brezhnev watched the tape, and & nbsp; he was so moved by the song Okudzhava about the & nbsp; airborne battalion, written for this film, that he & nbsp; burst into tears right at & nbsp; time of the screening. After that, the picture was immediately allowed to & nbsp; rent, and & nbsp; the song that touched the secretary general's heart began to be included in the & nbsp; repertoire of almost all concerts at which & nbsp; he & nbsp; attended.

Everyone is walking!

Brezhnev was very attentive to & nbsp; those who were constantly with & nbsp; by him. I never & nbsp; forgot to congratulate a single person from the & nbsp; service staff, gave them & nbsp; small but & nbsp; nice gifts. The secretary general was easy & nbsp; to communicate and & nbsp; after official events he could easily organize a feast for those employees who served them. Moreover, he himself participated with & nbsp; them & nbsp; in & nbsp; continuation of the banquet, which did not & nbsp; very much liked by many members of the Politburo, forced to share a table with & nbsp; guards and & nbsp; nurses.

Of course, Leonid Ilyich did not like & nbsp; only to give gifts, but & nbsp; and & nbsp; to receive & nbsp; them. And & nbsp; since he & nbsp; was a passionate collector of cars and & nbsp; weapons, then & nbsp; and & nbsp; gifts gave him the appropriate. In & nbsp; Brezhnev's arms collection there were dozens of units of firearms and & nbsp; edged weapons. A fan of American Westerns, he & nbsp; in & nbsp; 1973, during a visit to & nbsp; USA, he met with & nbsp; the leading actor in & nbsp; TV series “ Shooter '' by Chuck Connors , and & nbsp; he gave the General Secretary two Colt revolvers. Two more revolvers marked & nbsp; LIB-1 and & nbsp; & laquo; LIB-2 & raquo; Leonid Brezhnev was presented as a gift by American President Gerald Ford in & nbsp; 1974 at a & nbsp; meeting in & nbsp; Vladivostok. This weapon, which he especially loved, Brezhnev used to decorate himself in the & nbsp; manner of a cowboy when hunting.

Colt system revolvers. A gift from US President Gerald Ford to Leonid Brezhnev. Photo: RIA Novosti/Oleg Lastochkin

Diplomacy in & nbsp; swimming trunks

Leonid Ilyich was not & nbsp; just the owner of a unique collection of cars, but & nbsp; and & nbsp; the main reckless driver of the Soviet Union. How sometimes he literally shocked foreign politicians who inadvertently found themselves with & nbsp; in & nbsp; the same car.

& nbsp; With & nbsp; Brezhnev behind the wheel we & nbsp; rushed at & nbsp; great speed along & nbsp; narrow, winding & nbsp; roads & nbsp; ; recalled US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger , & nbsp; & mdash; so one could only pray that a policeman would appear at the nearest intersection and & nbsp; put an end to this risky game. But & nbsp; it was too incredible, for here, outside & nbsp; the city, if & nbsp; there was a road inspector, he & nbsp; hardly & nbsp; whether & nbsp; would have dared to stop the car of the General Secretary of the Party.

And & nbsp; the secretary general was also a gambling hockey fan, and, worrying about & nbsp; his favorite team, he almost & nbsp; smoked continuously at the & nbsp; stadium. True, this was not shown to Soviet citizens on & nbsp; TV.

Also Leonid Ilyich & nbsp; & mdash; despite all the talk about & nbsp; his decrepitude & nbsp; & mdash; loved to swim, could spend hours in the & nbsp; sea or pool. Brezhnev's swims to the general public also did not & nbsp; show: the secretary general could not appear in front of the people in & nbsp; swimming trunks, like a mere mortal. But & nbsp; once this all happened. Brezhnev was so carried away that he swam far beyond the & nbsp; protected area & nbsp; and, having come to the & nbsp; shore, appeared in front of the surprised Soviet citizens, vacationing on the & nbsp; trade union vouchers, just in & nbsp; this form. That, however, the head of the USSR was not at all & nbsp; confused & nbsp; & mdash; he & nbsp; didn & nbsp; began to listen to the admonitions of the guards who arrived in time and & nbsp; didn & nbsp; leave the beach until & nbsp; talked to & nbsp; people.

Brezhnev (left) and German Chancellor Willy Brandt. 1973 Photo: RIA Novosti/Eduard Pesov

Another “ melting '' the story happened in & nbsp; 1971 & nbsp; when in the & nbsp; USSR for a & nbsp; meeting with the & nbsp; General Secretary of the Central Committee & nbsp; KPSS, German Chancellor Willy Brandt flew in. In total, they talked for 16 & nbsp; hours, discussing the pressing problems of world politics. The leaders spent two days at & nbsp; Brezhnev's government dacha in & nbsp; Oreanda. The atmosphere at the & nbsp; negotiations was relaxed, the chancellor and the secretary general rode a boat, swam in the & nbsp; sea and & nbsp; pool. In & nbsp; connection with & nbsp; this right in & nbsp; Germany even accused their chancellor of & nbsp; political striptease. And & nbsp; how & nbsp; would be surprised and & nbsp; and Brandt's opponents would be outraged if & nbsp; knew & nbsp; what was later told by General Secretary's personal photographer Vladimir Musaelyan . It turns out that Brandt, who undoubtedly had a tie, but & nbsp; did not & nbsp; had swimming trunks, borrowed them & nbsp; from & nbsp; Brezhnev.

Источник aif.ru

“Don’t hurt yourself.” 24-year-old veterinarian Sergei Fadyushin chose his homeland

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 50. Where are the new buildings going? 15/12/2021

Sergey Fadyushin , a veterinarian from Kozelsk (Kaluga region), forgot when he slept more than 5 hours a day.

Main job , private calls. Plus he is an older brother in a & nbsp; family with three more children.

Incubator in a & nbsp; gift

To get to the enterprise from & nbsp; Kozelsk & nbsp; to Przemysl on time, you need to get up at & nbsp; 5 & nbsp; in the morning. From & nbsp; 7 to 16 & nbsp; hours & nbsp; & ndash; Job. Then again an hour on the & nbsp; road. Houses & nbsp; & ndash; dinner and & nbsp; rare moments of peace. And & nbsp; then private calls begin. There are a lot of cattle in the & nbsp; district. Dozens of farmers live here. Well, if you manage to manage by & nbsp; floor & shy; night. Then you can carve out 5 & nbsp; hours for & nbsp; sleep, although sometimes & nbsp; 3 & nbsp; hours of rest will not be enough. And & nbsp; so & nbsp; & ndash; 6 & nbsp; times a & nbsp; week. And & nbsp; sometimes & nbsp; without days off.

Sergey does not complain & nbsp; & ndash; start & shy; you don't go through the difficulties, so there will be no time left for & nbsp; the rest. And & nbsp; he tries to do everything himself, nor does he ask anyone for anything & nbsp; & ndash; except that practical advice. “ I got rabbits at & nbsp; 12 & nbsp; years old, but they got sick with me. I found a veterinarian who explained what it was and & nbsp; how to fight the disease. It became interesting to me to study animals. On the & nbsp; 13th birthday I asked my parents for an incubator. I bought eggs from a & nbsp; neighbor and & nbsp; brought out chickens: 2 cockerels and & nbsp; 5 chickens. Brought in rabbits again. For 5 years, the owner has grown to & nbsp; 500 & nbsp; quails, 100 chickens, 80 ducks, 100 & nbsp; rabbits. My father helped build the pen: I got an old brick, dug out the foundation, folded the stove. Dad bought a concrete mixer. He taught me how to make cement mortar. Lay the brick. The profit from the & nbsp; owner & shy; stva invested in & nbsp; the first car (then he was & nbsp; 18) and & nbsp; paid for driving courses.

With such a troublesome owner & shy; nd also managed to deliver newspapers. I learned to fix the car and even & nbsp; shows my younger brother Egor how to handle it. “That’s what my father always did. He taught everything by his example. He took me, a three-year-old, to the & nbsp; field, when I was working on the & nbsp; tractor, I & nbsp; sat with & nbsp; in his & nbsp; cab & raquo ;.

He also paid for the tutors himself. In & nbsp; Kaluga graduated from the agricultural college. After couples, I went to the neighboring veterinary clinic to acquire practical knowledge: how to examine animals, do injections, take tests. He was given a condition there: gain experience, but every evening you will wash the floors in the entire clinic. And & nbsp; he washed. Then he entered the & nbsp; branch of the Timiryazev Academy in & nbsp; Kaluga.

“ I realized that my mom needs to be saved ''

Not long before & nbsp; entering the & nbsp; academy, trouble happened & nbsp; & ndash; the Fadyushins' house burned down. & shy; Short circuit.

“ My father and I were building the second floor the day before. It remains only to bring in the furniture. Parents took loans for & nbsp; building materials. At & nbsp; that night in the & nbsp; house were mom, younger brother, & shy; little sister.

Sergei recalls how he ran towards the fire to take documents and & nbsp; things for & nbsp; children. How the roof collapsed & ndash; and & nbsp; he, falling on the & nbsp; floor, almost choked on & nbsp; carbon monoxide. He himself wonders how he first figured out to take out the gas cylinder from the house. And & nbsp; immediately from & shy; drove from & nbsp; at home the car, having put in & nbsp; her brother and & nbsp; sister. It was freezing on the & nbsp; street & nbsp; & ndash; the fire happened in & nbsp; December.

“ It is fortunate that the elder sister & shy; ra was with & nbsp; grandmother & nbsp; & ndash; she is at & nbsp; we have a disabled person of the 2nd group. Father & nbsp; & ndash; in & nbsp; Moscow, he works there in & nbsp; shift mode.

On the evening of the day when no one saw him, Sergei burst into tears & nbsp; & ndash; splashed out the tension. Then they got a call from the & nbsp; guardianship. With a proposal: since your living conditions have become worse (the Fadyushins have moved to the & nbsp; city apartment), maybe it will be easier for you if the children are taken away from you for a while? The youngest children are adopted in the family. “ These are receptions according to & nbsp; documents. And & nbsp; so-and-so relatives. Nastya , when the fire happened, she was 14 & nbsp; years old, they took her into a & nbsp; family at & nbsp; 4 years old , Yegor & nbsp; & ndash; 5 years (took in & nbsp; 1.8 & nbsp; years old). Of course, no one ever thought to return the children to the kids' house. Nastya, she is now 19 & nbsp; years old, followed in & nbsp; my footsteps, studies at the & nbsp; agricultural college. Brother & nbsp; & ndash; schoolboy. & Nbsp; he has big problems with his spine. For & nbsp; treatment and & nbsp; doctors only in & nbsp; this year spent several hundred thousand rubles. And & nbsp; my mother suffered a stroke after the fire due to stress. I & nbsp; was at & nbsp; work when Nastya called on & shy; “ Mom was taken to the & nbsp; ambulance! '' Before & nbsp; that & nbsp; she had high blood pressure, pre-infarction, and & nbsp; in our hospital she was diagnosed with poisoning. I & nbsp; understood that mom needed to be saved. At night in the & nbsp; hospital I asked: “ Mom, will you be patient until & nbsp; morning? '' & Nbsp; & ndash; Yes. In the morning they released me under & nbsp; my responsibility. Took with & nbsp; a familiar nurse, and & nbsp; went with & nbsp; mom to & nbsp; Kaluga. She was immediately placed in the & nbsp; intensive care unit. They took her things out to me, and & nbsp; the nurse said: “ Write the phone number to whom to report the death. '' I & nbsp; could not resist: “ Fool, think what you say! '' On & nbsp; the next day, & nbsp; I had the entrance exams to the & nbsp; academy. I handed it over. For three days there was no news from the & nbsp; intensive care unit. I couldn’t stand it, I came myself, and & nbsp; it turned out that half an hour before & nbsp; my mother was transferred to the & nbsp; general ward. On the same day it became known that I went to the & nbsp; academy. Now I'm in my fifth year of the correspondence department. And & nbsp; mom the doctor told her to thank her son: if & nbsp; half an hour later arrived & nbsp; & ndash; would not have saved.

Mom needs to be looked after, helped. Therefore, when I was offered a job in & nbsp; Holland, in & nbsp; Belgorod, in & nbsp; Astrakhan & nbsp; & ndash; refused. The family is more important: the older sister is disabled, the younger ones are still not on their feet. Father is often in & nbsp; Moscow. So & nbsp; it turns out that & nbsp; I, ​​like the & nbsp; Airborne Forces, have a motto: “ Nobody but us. ''

The rules of life for Baba Pasha

Such a solid core in & nbsp; Sergey thanks to parents and & nbsp; great-grandmother, a veteran of the Great Patriotic Praskovya Maksimovna Drovkina , whom he called Baba Pasha. “ She went to the & nbsp; front at & nbsp; 16 years old as a nurse, went through the whole war. After that she worked as a calf, nursed young cattle on a & nbsp; farm. She and & nbsp; in Ostankino were awarded as one of the & nbsp; best calves in the country, presented with a woolen blanket, which still serves & nbsp; & ndash; warm and & nbsp; prickly. & Nbsp; her owner & shy; was & nbsp; & ndash; kept a cow, pigs. Maybe also & nbsp; hence the choice of my profession. She and her great-grandfather, also a front-line soldier, raised five children. The eldest son & nbsp; & ndash; captain of the 2nd rank, lives in & nbsp; Kaliningrad. Second son & nbsp; & ndash; also a military man, served in the & nbsp; Kozelsk division. Grandma passed away 14 & nbsp; years ago. I & nbsp; remember her well. Mom often sent me to bring bread to my grandmother from the & nbsp; store, to help with the owner. Once I began to complain to her about all sorts of nonsense, wanted to be pitied. We sat down at the table, and & nbsp; she was not rude to me, but firmly said: “ Never let yourself get hurt. '' And & nbsp; I realized: I set myself a goal & nbsp; & ndash; then do it. Yes, by force, but do it. Here is the purpose of & nbsp; & ndash; plow a vegetable garden. I’ll grit my teeth, but I’ll do it. Or in two days KamAZ chop firewood & nbsp; & ndash; difficult, yes. But who will do it for me?

Now I & nbsp; work at the & nbsp; enterprise in & nbsp; Przemysl. My profile & nbsp; & ndash; artificial reproduction (insemination) of cows. The work is hard. It is necessary to recalculate (examine through the back & shy; ny passage. & Nbsp; & ndash; Ed.) Cows, and & nbsp; not one or two per shift, but & nbsp; hundreds. Arm, neck, shoulder, lower back & nbsp; & ndash; everything hurts, even though my age is young. But I & nbsp; remember my grandmother's advice & nbsp; & ndash; don't hurt yourself. ''

And & nbsp; he has no regrets. Moreover, & nbsp; together with & nbsp; bride Vlada, she is also a veterinarian, making plans: “ We will take a preferential mortgage under the & nbsp; program of a young family of agricultural specialists. It takes 4 & nbsp; million to both & nbsp; buy a plot, and & nbsp; a cool house & shy; build. '' will do the manager 'shy; tra'. To me this, like the & nbsp; words of Baba Pasha, sunk into my soul. I & nbsp; and & nbsp; live: I know what I will do tomorrow & raquo ;.

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Onet learned that escaped Polish soldier was suspected of espionage

Onet: a Polish soldier who escaped to Belarus was suspected of espionage The Polish special services are considering a version that a Polish soldier who fled to Belarus on December 16 was engaged in espionage in favor of Minsk or was an informant of a Belarusian agent, the newspaper writes

Emil Chechko

The Polish special services suspected the Polish soldier Emil Chechko, who escaped to Belarus on December 16, of espionage. This is reported by Onet, citing sources.

The interlocutor of Onet admitted that at the moment when Chechko had problems with the law and he was to be dismissed from the army, the Belarusian side could offer him to cross the border in order to use the soldier for propaganda purposes.

“ If only the soldiers were in Polish uniform crossed the border with Belarus, [then he] would be shot, or detained, taken into custody and subjected to many days of interrogation, & mdash; said the source of the publication.

The special services are also studying the soldier's family ties: a person close to him was allegedly in a relationship with a citizen of Belarus, Onet notes.

Earlier, the press secretary of the Chief Commandant of the Military Police of Poland, Lieutenant Colonel Artur Karpenko told the Wyborcza newspaper that in September 2021 Chechko was convicted of violence against a loved one, and on December 12 he was detained by the police for driving while intoxicated.

RBC sent a request to the press services of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the National Prosecutor's Office of Poland.

On the eve of the State Border Committee of Belarus, it announced the discovery of a Polish serviceman Emil Chechko, who had asked for political asylum. According to the committee, the detainee served in the 11th Mazurian artillery regiment of the 16th Pomeranian mechanized division.

The reason for the soldier's escape was his disagreement with the migration policy pursued by Poland. Later, Emil Chechko in an interview with Belarus 1 TV channel. spoke about the killing of volunteers at the border.

Video

In Poland, it was initially reported that the soldier had disappeared on the eastern border of the country, but denied the possibility of his desertion. Later, a desertion case was opened against Chechko (part 3 of article 339 of the Criminal Code of Poland). Under this article, he faces up to ten years in prison.

Polish Minister of National Defense Mariusz Blaschak said that Chechko had problems with the law and he submitted a letter of resignation from the army. According to the Polish minister, the soldiers were supposed to be sent to serve on the border.

Blaszak fired the battery commander, platoon leader and 2nd squadron commander after Chechko's escape.

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Zelenskiy simplifies obtaining citizenship for persecuted in Russia

Ukraine made it easier for Russians persecuted for political reasons to obtain citizenship The law makes it easier for Russians who are persecuted for political reasons at home. This was Kiev's response to Russia's simplification of the procedure for obtaining a Russian passport for residents of Donbass

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy signed a law simplifying the acquisition of Ukrainian citizenship by Russians persecuted for political reasons. This was reported by the press service of the Ukrainian president's office.

“ A simplified procedure for acquiring citizenship is provided for persons who & lt; … & gt; are citizens of the aggressor state or the occupying state and have been persecuted for their political beliefs '', & mdash; says the message.

In addition, the law simplifies the acquisition of citizenship for foreign citizens who participated in the military operation in Donbass.

Zelensky instructed to prepare a bill on simplified acquisition of Ukrainian citizenship for politically persecuted persons in August 2019. In December of the same year, the draft law was submitted for consideration to the Verkhovna Rada.

Thus, Zelensky responded to the simplification by Russian President Vladimir Putin of the procedure for obtaining a Russian passport for residents of the self-proclaimed republics of Donbass and those who left Crimea before it became part of Russia.

In January 2015, Kiev recognized Russia as an “ aggressor country '', and the self-proclaimed LPR and DPR & mdash; terrorist organizations. The annexation of Crimea in 2014 in Ukraine is considered an annexation. Moscow does not agree with such accusations and has repeatedly argued that the referendum, following which the peninsula became part of Russia, passed without violations. The Russian authorities also deny involvement in the conflict in eastern Ukraine.

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BBC learned about British intelligence plans to take Nicholas II out of Russia

The BBC learned about three plans of British intelligence to take Nicholas II out of Russia British intelligence was developing several options for the evacuation of Nicholas II from Russia, including replacing Nicholas II with a disguised servant, invading Russia and attracting Norwegians who were in Siberia, reports Bi -bi-si

​​

Nicholas II with his family

British intelligence was developing several plans for the evacuation of the Russian Emperor Nicholas II at once, but the British authorities did not have enough determination to carry out the operation, writes the BBC- si, having familiarized himself with the declassified documents of the special services and released records from the royal archives.

Discussion of the possible evacuation of Nicholas II began almost immediately after his abdication from the throne on March 2, 1917. So, in mid-March, British General John Hanbury-Williams met with the mother of Nicholas II, Maria Fedorovna, and they agreed that he should leave Russia as soon as possible.

As the BBC reports, such attention Great Britain and Romanov can be explained by the fact that the British monarch George V and Nicholas II were related, as well as the fact that the countries were allies in World War I.

First plan The evacuation was designed by Royal Navy officer Oliver Locker-Lampson. He managed to recruit one of the servants in the Alexander Palace, where the royal family was located after the abdication of Nicholas II from the throne. According to the plan, the servant was to shave off the emperor's beard, change clothes with him and attach himself a false beard. After that, Nicholas II had to leave the palace and walk to the place where the car of British intelligence officers was waiting for him. After that, they were transported to Arkhangelsk and transported to London under the protection of the British military.

However, this plan did not provide for the evacuation of the emperor's family, and Nicholas II said more than once that he would not leave Russia without a family, the BBC notes. In addition, to implement the plan, it was necessary to obtain approval from London and send a battleship.

However, London was in no hurry to answer. Thus, British Prime Minister Lloyd George wondered what funds Nicholas II would use to live in the country. Also, the British authorities feared to provoke the growth of revolutionary sentiments in England itself, where at that moment the socialist movement was gaining popularity, the BBC notes.

In parallel with the plan to evacuate the Romanovs, British intelligence worked over undermining or overthrowing the power of the Bolsheviks. For example, the Knight Commander of the Orders of the Royal Navy Captain Francis Cromie and the British intelligence officer Sydney Reilly proposed a second plan & mdash; 'total invasion' to Russia (BBC does not indicate to what period the time frame for the development of this plan belongs, but they apparently refer to the period after October 1917, when the Bolsheviks came to power & mdash; RBK ).

They tried to create conditions for the landing of military units of the Entente (military-political bloc of Russia, Great Britain and France) on Russian territory. The head of the British diplomatic mission to the Soviet government, Robert Bruce Lockhart, initially tried to obstruct the plan, but then joined the work.

The Third Plan was proposed by the head of the Secret Service Mansfield Cumming in May 1918, when the royal family was already in exile in Tobolsk.

British intelligence decided to turn to the polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen, who knew the main Siberian roads and waterways along the Yenisei, and the merchant Jonas Liid, who often visited Siberia. British captain Stephen Ellie could have been among the participants in this plan.

According to declassified data, on May 24, 1918, Ellie announced his readiness to conduct an operation, during which “ 7 VIPs '' can be exported to Murmansk. He also asked for £ 1,000 “ in connection with the increased operating costs. ''

From the declassified correspondence of the British Foreign Office, it follows that on May 28, 1918, diplomats were discussing for the last time the possibility of raising the question of the evacuation of the children of Nicholas II during negotiations with the chairman of the Supreme Military Council Lev Trotsky.

However, the diplomats came to the conclusion that even with Trotsky's consent, their intervention could only further harm the royal family, since the guard from the Bolsheviks was unreliable, and the British guard could provoke attacks along the way, the TV channel reports.

Nicholas II with his wife Alexandra Fedorovna, children and servants were shot on the night of July 17, 1918 in Yekaterinburg. In 2000, the Russian Orthodox Church canonized the royal family. Their remains were buried in the tomb of the Peter and Paul Cathedral.

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Spiegel learned about the idea of ​​expanding NATO contingent in Bulgaria and Romania

Spiegel: NATO general proposed to expand the contingent in Bulgaria and Romania NATO Chief of the Alliance for Europe Todd Walters proposed to expand the presence of the alliance contingent in Bulgaria and Romania within the framework of the Enhanced Forward Presence (EFP) program

Chapter of the joint NATO armed forces in Europe, American General Tod Walters proposed expanding the alliance's contingent in Bulgaria and Romania against the backdrop of a build-up of Russian troops near the border with Ukraine. This is reported by Spiegel, citing sources.

According to the newspaper, he came up with this initiative at a secret video conference with the leaders of the military departments of the partner countries of the alliance.

Walters proposed to create contingents of up to 1.5 thousand people in Bulgaria and Romania within the framework of the NATO program Expanded Forward Presence (EFP), as happened in 2017 in the Baltics and Poland.

Earlier, Pentagon spokesman John Kirby, when asked about the possibility of expanding the US military presence in countries on the eastern flank of NATO, replied that he had nothing to say about the new rotation of forces. “ We have significant funds in this region '', & mdash; he added.

Kirby quoted US National Security Assistant Jake Sullivan as saying that “if an invasion ensues and some NATO members request additional funds,” Washington will consider the request.

According to him, the United States continues to monitor the situation on the Russian-Ukrainian border, allegedly a large number of Russian troops are concentrated.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, after a meeting with Bulgarian Prime Minister Kiril Petkov, said on December 17 the best in the situation with Ukraine, but urges to prepare for the worst.

He stressed that NATO is seeing a “ significant build-up of Russian military power and a more 'aggressive' '' rhetoric towards Ukraine.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, in turn, pointed to “ active military development '' the territory of Ukraine by NATO countries, which poses a threat to the security of Russia. He considered it necessary to start negotiations to work out agreements.

The Kremlin has also repeatedly assured that Russia has no “ aggressive plans '' in relation to Ukraine, and the movement of troops across the country was called an internal affair.

So, on December 17, the Russian Foreign Ministry disclosed the content of the proposals to the US authorities. They exclude Ukraine from joining NATO and conducting any military operations on Ukrainian territory. Russia also offered to guarantee the non-entry of the countries of the former USSR into NATO.

The White House and NATO confirmed that they had received Russian proposals on security. However, White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki said that

negotiations on European security would not take place without the participation of US allies and partners in Europe. Stoltenberg also said that the dialogue should take into account the opinion of Ukraine.

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Foreign Ministry named two ways for the West in the field of security guarantees

MFA: The West can seriously take Russia's projects or deal with a military alternative According to Deputy Foreign Minister Grushko, the West must seriously accept Russian proposals on security or be ready for a “military-technical alternative”

The Western countries have two options for action on Russia's proposals in the field of security, said Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko on the air of Soloviev LIVE.

“ I think that & lt; … & gt; they must understand that they have two paths. The first & mdash; it is to take seriously what we put on the table, or, here, to deal with a military-technical alternative, '', & mdash; the diplomat emphasized.

In October-November, several Western media outlets published materials about the allegedly impending Russian invasion of Ukraine. After that, officials of some Western countries began to make such statements. They accused Russia of building up troops near the Ukrainian border and announced the threat of an attack. Moscow has repeatedly denied this information.

On December 1, Russian President Vladimir Putin proposed starting negotiations on guarantees of NATO's eastward expansion. At talks with his American counterpart Joe Biden on December 7, Putin urged not to shift responsibility for the situation on the Russian-Ukrainian border to Moscow, because “ it is NATO that is making dangerous attempts to conquer Ukrainian territory and building up its military potential '' at the borders of Russia. After that, Biden proposed to hold a meeting with the participation of representatives of Russia and the countries of the alliance. The Kremlin has declared its readiness for a meeting “ in any neutral country. ''

On December 15, the Russian side handed over to US Assistant Secretary of State Karen Donfried draft agreements on security guarantees and an agreement on security measures for Russia and NATO countries. Moscow proposed to Washington, in particular, to exclude further NATO expansion eastward, not to admit the countries that were part of the USSR into the alliance, and to abandon military activities in Ukraine and neighboring countries.

Secretary General of the North Atlantic Alliance Jens Stoltenberg said that NATO will not compromise on Ukraine's accession.

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NSDC of Ukraine said there are no plans to deploy foreign military

Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine: there are no plans to deploy a foreign military contingent yet. Earlier, he stated that he saw no signs of an imminent “Russian invasion” into the country

There are no plans to deploy a large military contingent from other countries on the territory of Ukraine, he said in an interview with Apostrof TV. Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council (NSDC) of the state Alexei Danilov.

“ If we are talking about the military contingent, then I cannot say here, each country will be determined independently. As of today, there is no information that they are ready to defend Ukraine at the cost of their own lives, '', & mdash; Danilov said, stressing that he does not consider it the responsibility of other countries.

Danilov noted that military personnel from the USA, Great Britain, Poland, Lithuania and other countries are constantly in Ukraine: they train Ukrainian soldiers.

Earlier in an interview with Reuters, the head of the NSDC said that he saw no signs of an imminent Russian invasion. He noted that Kiev is still concerned about the accumulation of “ 92 thousand Russian troops near the borders of Ukraine '', but for a full-fledged offensive, in his opinion, “ 500-600 thousand soldiers '' will be needed. Danilov stressed that Russia can “ very quickly and at any time '' transfer a sufficient number of troops to the border, and expressed the hope that in this case, the West will help Kiev with the supply of weapons.

In October, Western media began to report about the accumulation of Russian troops near the Ukrainian borders. US Undersecretary of State Victoria Nuland suggested that the attack could take place in early 2022.

The Russian side has repeatedly denied such reports. President Vladimir Putin noted that it was NATO that was making “ dangerous attempts to conquer Ukrainian territory. ''

Todd Walters proposed expanding NATO's presence in Bulgaria and Romania amid a buildup of Russian troops near the border with Ukraine. According to him, in these two countries it is possible to create a NATO contingent of up to 1.5 people within the framework of the Expanded Forward Presence program. (EFP), as it was in 2017 in the Baltic countries and Poland. Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said on December 17 that he had “nothing to report on a new rotation of forces concerning [US] NATO allies.” on the east flank. He added that the United States has “ significant funds '' in the region.

Previously, White House spokesman Jen Psaki reported that Washington was studying the option of sending troops to Eastern Europe in the event of an aggravation of the situation. p> Subscribe to FB RBC Receive news faster than anyone

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Revealed Russia’s actions when the US refuses to offer security

Photo: Mikhail Kovalev

If the West rejects Russia's security proposals, Moscow will switch to counter-threat mode. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko spoke about this.

According to him, now Moscow makes it clear that it is ready to talk about how “the military scenario or the military-technical scenario of the confrontation is translated into a political process.” p>

But if the Russian Federation has to switch to “this mode of creating counter-threats,” then it will be too late to ask Moscow, “why did we make such and such decisions, why did we place such systems there, why and why”.

On the air of the YouTube channel “Soloviev Live” Grushko noted that the Russian Federation proceeds from the fact that NATO will not be able to brush aside Moscow's security guarantees in Europe. According to him, Russia will consistently seek from the alliance the vision of building European security as Moscow sees it. At the same time, Russia has enough technical capabilities to ensure its own military security.

Prior to this, the Russian Foreign Ministry published draft treaties between Russia, the United States and NATO on security guarantees. In particular, Moscow called on NATO to pledge to rule out further expansion and accession to the alliance of Ukraine. Russia also called on NATO to abandon any military activity in Ukraine, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia.

As Russian Foreign Ministry Speaker Maria Zakharova said, Russia expects to conduct serious negotiations with the United States on the proposed projects on security guarantees … She recalled that the American side had received draft agreements between the Russian Federation and the United States concerning security guarantees. According to the Foreign Ministry spokesman, Washington was given explanations of the logic of the Russian approach and provided arguments in a detailed form.

The US authorities have promised to respond to Russia's proposals on security guarantees next week. At the same time, some of the proposals were called unacceptable there.

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NYT: Pentagon underestimated the number of civilians killed in Syria

Photo: pixabay.com

The New York Times writes that the Pentagon underestimated the number of Syrian civilians killed in airstrikes. The newspaper made such a conclusion after examining more than a thousand documents of the US Department of Defense.

At the same time, the newspaper cannot name the exact number of victims. According to official US statistics, 1,417 Syrian civilians were killed in the airstrikes. Another 188 people became victims of attacks in Afghanistan.

The newspaper points out the mistakes made in counting the victims. It is also said that this was often done by stakeholders who authorized the airstrikes.

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In Baghdad, the area with the US embassy was shelled

Photo: pixabay.com

AFP reports that early in the morning, the” Green Zone “of Baghdad, where foreign embassies are located, was shelled in including the American one.

Iraqi security forces shot down the first missile. The second fell on the square and damaged two cars.

The “green zone” of Baghdad and the international airport, which is adjacent to a military airfield, are regularly targeted by shelling. They usually do not result in casualties or significant harm.

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Should the passengers on the lower train benches give up seat at the table?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 50. Where are the new buildings going? 12/15/2021

I was traveling on the train on the top bunk, so I was not even allowed to eat at the table. Does he also “ belong '' bottom?

The Ministry of Transport has developed new “ Rules for the carriage of passengers, baggage, cargo by rail '', which spells out who and how long has the right to use the table on trains. True, the document will only work from September 1, 2022. It contains 316 points, among which there is the following: “ At the request of the conductor of long-distance trains, a passenger passing on the lower shelf is obliged to provide a seat at the table for a passenger passing on the upper one to receive food & hellip; In the morning and evening hours, no more than 30 minutes, at lunchtime, no more than 1 hour. ”

The rules also state that the passenger must occupy the seat indicated on his ticket, and the “ priority right to use the lower seat for storing hand luggage (up to 36 kg) has a passenger passing on the lower bunk, and top place & ndash; a passenger passing on the top bunk. ''

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Vilfand warned Russians about the increase in the number of extreme natural events

The scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center, Roman Vilfand, said that due to global warming, Russians will see an increase in the number of extreme natural events, the Parliamentary Gazette writes.

The forecaster explained that in the south of the European part of the country the climate will become drier, and in the north, on the contrary, there will be more rainfall.

“ In addition, we will face an increase in extreme natural events. This is especially true of heat waves in summer. According to Roshydromet, the number of dangerous phenomena has doubled over the past quarter century, '' & mdash; he explained.

Earlier & nbsp; Vilfand told what winter will be in European Russia. He noted that the fluctuations are associated with global warming. According to the forecaster, temperatures are expected to be five degrees above normal in the central part of European Russia at the very end of November. At the same time, in the north of European Russia, frosts can reach minus 20 degrees.

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US Senate to consider sanctions against Nord Stream 2 until January 14

The US Senate will vote on a bill on sanctions against Nord Stream 2 on January 14 Senators agreed to consider Ted Cruz's bill on measures against the pipeline, and in return he promised to stop blocking the approval of candidates for some government posts. Voting in the Senate will take place until January 14

Without the “Great Leader”: why the DPRK banned laughing and drinking

In North Korea, a national 11-day mourning was declared – 10 years ago, the great leader of the DPRK, Kim Jong Il, died. For this period, residents were forbidden to laugh, drink alcohol, and shop. How the country spends mourning – in the video of RBK

Video

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