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Rogozin spoke about the plan to evade the ISS from the wreckage of the American rocket

The ISS evasion maneuver from a fragment of the American Pegasus launch vehicle is tentatively scheduled for Friday morning. The head of Roscosmos announced this in his Telegram channel.

According to him, an evasive maneuver to prevent a dangerous approach with space debris is planned at 10:58 Moscow time. & Nbsp;

Earlier it was reported that NASA astronauts went into outer space to replace the antenna on the ISS. Company representatives noted that the breakdown did not significantly affect communication with the Earth.

Источник aif.ru

Lawyers appealed against the arrest of all defendants in the case of the Listvyazhnaya accident

Plot Tragedy at the Listvyazhnaya mine in the Kemerovo region

Protection of all defendants in the criminal case about the accident at the Listvyazhnaya mine in Kuzbass she appealed against their arrest for a period of two months, TASS reports.

The Central District Court of Kemerovo clarified that lawyers have filed appeals.

Five people are now involved in the case of the tragedy: the director mines Sergey Makhrakov, his first deputy Andrey Molostov and site manager Sergey Gerasimenok, as well as two inspectors of Rostekhnadzor Vyacheslav Semykin and Sergey Vinokurov. They are accused of violating the industrial safety requirements of hazardous production facilities, resulting in the death of two or more persons by negligence, and negligence. None of the defendants admits their guilt.

Let us remind you that the accident at the Listvyazhnaya mine in Kuzbass & nbsp; occurred & nbsp; on the morning of November 25. There were 285 people underground. The reason for the emergency, according to preliminary data, & nbsp; was the explosion of methane & nbsp; in the preparatory face. As a result of the accident, 51 people died, another 99 were injured.

On the eve of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin called for tougher responsibility for violations of safety requirements in the coal industry.

Источник aif.ru

Russian arrested in Moscow on suspicion of treason

FSB officers detained a Russian named Suslov on suspicion of high treason and asked the Moscow court to send him to a pre-trial detention center

The Lefortovo Court of Moscow arrested a Russian in a criminal case of treason, follows from the court's database.

The press service of the court told Interfax that Kirill Andreevich Suslov was detained until January 29, 2022.

According to the information released to the public, the court arrested Russian citizen K.A. Suslova. He was charged under Art. 275 of the Criminal Code (high treason). This article provides for 12 to 20 years in prison. The details of the case were not disclosed.

The court registered and granted the request on November 29. The decision to arrest the Russian came into force on December 3.

A TASS source in law enforcement agencies specified that Suslov was detained by FSB investigators. Later, they asked the court to send him to a pre-trial detention center.

RBC applied for a comment to the press service of the Lefortovo court .

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Источник rbc.ru

United Russia will replace more than a dozen heads of regional offices

In “United Russia” more than ten heads of regional branches of the party will be replaced. Among the new leaders will be the heads of Komi, Mordovia, Irkutsk and Vladimir regions Two sources in United Russia told RBC about this.

Most of the new secretaries of party organizations are governors. Among them & mdash; Heads of Komi and Mordovia Vladimir Uyba and Artem Zdunov, respectively, Governor of Irkutsk Region Igor Kobzev and Acting Governor of Vladimir Region Alexander Avdeev, both interlocutors of RBC said.

Kobzev will replace State Duma deputy Sergei Sokol, who was elected to parliament in a single-mandate constituency in Khakassia, as secretary of the regional branch of the party. On November 23, the governor of the Irkutsk region joined United Russia, and before that, last September, he participated in the governor's campaign as a self-nominated candidate, but with the support of the ruling party. In the elections to the State Duma, Kobzev headed the regional list of United Russia.

In turn, Sokol will head the party's branch in Khakassia, sources told RBC. This is the most likely replacement of the head of the regional communist Valentin Konovalov, the interlocutors of RBC previously reported.

Vriovladimir governor Avdeev, who was appointed to this post instead of Vladimir Sipyagin (LDPR), who took the deputy mandate, has extensive experience in party work, said one of the sources in the party … In particular, he heads the interregional coordinating council of United Russia. in the Central Federal District.

The head of Mordovia, Zdunov, headed the republican list of United Russia in the elections to the State Duma. As for the head of Komi Uyba, the parliamentary elections in the republic “ did not go well, '' says one of RBC's sources. “ The appointment of Vladimir Uyba as the secretary of the regional office means that he is given the last chance to rectify the situation in the region, '' & mdash; emphasized the interlocutor of RBC. This includes intra-elite conflicts, he added.

Following the results of the Duma campaign “ United Russia '' won 29.44% of the votes in Komi, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation & mdash; 26.88%. The list of United Russia was headed by Uyba. At the same time, Olga Savastyanova (ER), the head of the committee for control and regulation in the State Duma of the last convocation, lost to the communist Oleg Mikhailov in a single-mandate constituency.

At the moment, the regional branches of United Russia; are headed by 26 governors. Among them & mdash; Dmitry Azarov (Samara region), Gleb Nikitin (Nizhny Novgorod region), Alexander Bogomaz (Bryansk region), Roman Starovoit (Kursk region).

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Источник rbc.ru

Peskov commented on the upcoming meeting between Putin and Biden

Photo: kremlin.ru

Russian and US Presidents Vladimir Putin and Joe Biden will meet soon, but the exact date has not yet been determined … This was announced by the Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov.

Peskov noted that the exact date has not yet been agreed, work is underway. The meeting of the presidents will be held via videoconference.

“The nuances have yet to be confirmed. Not necessarily next week, maybe in a week, “Peskov said.

He added that December 7 appears as a possible date, but there are others.

Источник www.mk.ru

The Kremlin announced the imminent reshuffle in the “United Russia”

Photo: Mikhail Verny

Russian President's press secretary Dmitry Peskov said that active consultations are underway on the issue of personnel changes in the party” United Russia “

According to him, the leadership of the party is exchanging views with the Presidential Administration.

” The President, of course, is aware of what is happening in the party, he remains the leader of the party, “Peskov said.

The head of the presidential press service clarified that he means that Putin remains the informal leader of the party.

He also did not specify whether Putin would put forward proposals for reforming the party during his video message to the participants of the United Russia congress on 4 December. According to Peskov, everything will depend on the work of the congress.

“We will watch with you,” Peskov added.

Источник www.mk.ru

Peskov declined to tell how Putin assesses Medvedev’s work

Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

The press secretary of the Russian president refused to answer a question from journalists about how the head of state Vladimir Putin assesses the work of the chairman “United Russia” Dmitry Medvedev.

The Kremlin spokesman noted that all assessments will be given at the party congress, which will be held next Saturday.

“On the eve of the Congress, naturally, we cannot give any assessments to anyone. It would be incorrect, “- said Peskov.

On Saturday, December 4, Moscow will host the reporting and selective stage of the United Russia party congress. The date is timed to coincide with the 20th anniversary of the creation of the party.

In particular, the congress will hold regular elections for the composition of all governing bodies of the party, including the general and supreme councils, as well as the chairman of the party.

Источник www.mk.ru

In the USA, they told what kind of weapon they need in the fight against Russia

American experts suggest betting on one type of weapon

The US Air Force needs to be armed with a new generation of high-precision ammunition to contain Russia and China. This is reported by the Flight Global portal with reference to the Mitchell Institute.

Photo: USAF.

The department noted that the existing systems like the Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM), which are capable of converting free-falling bombs into all-weather adjustable ammunition, have shown high efficiency for a long time, but are now outdated.

Mark Ganzinger, an analyst at the Mitchell Institute and retired US Air Force Colonel, noted that in modern conditions Washington needs to rely on cruise missiles, the range of which ranges from 92 to 463 kilometers. In this case, attack aircraft will not have to enter the target engagement zone.

The American expert added that the US Air Force needs to assign the role of delivering these missiles to the promising new generation B-21 strategic bomber, as it is well adapted to pursue protected and highly mobile targets.

Earlier, The American Conservative reported that warnings from American admirals that China was preparing an invasion of Taiwan, and Russia – in Ukraine, indicate that the United States was on the verge of a new global war.

At the same time, the author of the article emphasized that America is no better prepared for this conflict than before the Japanese attack on the US Navy base Pearl Harbor during World War II.

Источник www.mk.ru

American general acknowledged the advantage of Russia’s nuclear forces

“They managed to modernize them, but we did not”

Against the background of aggravation of relations between Russia and NATO in connection with the situation around Donbass, very positive news came from the United States. Its essence is that there will be no war between the United States and Russia. At least for now. General John Hayten, Deputy Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the US Armed Forces, said this. And he justified: there is an imbalance in the nuclear potential of the powers in favor of Russia.

Photo: ru.wikipedia.org

John Hayten said in a podcast of the Brookings Institution that the United States does not want a war with Russia, because “Russia's nuclear forces are now completely modernized, but ours are not” ( quote from RIA Novosti).

In this regard, the general, of course, asked for additional funds to accelerate the program for the modernization of intercontinental ballistic missiles and the removal of bureaucratic procedures in its implementation. “You have to move faster when you have rivals like Russia and China,” said John Hayten.

So, the US military seems to be much more sober about the world, unlike politicians. who, no, no, yes, they begin to threaten Russia for invented sins at an “unprecedented cost” and “bloodletting”.

The question of where the Pentagon specialists get information about the state of our strategic deterrent forces is not worth it. According to the START-3 Treaty, which was extended under President Joe Biden, the parties have the opportunity to conduct mutual inspections of nuclear facilities on a parity basis several times a year.

Actually, our military-political leadership does not hide what measures adopted to prevent our nuclear missile shield from rusting.

For more than twenty years, the Strategic Missile Forces (Strategic Missile Forces) have been re-equipping missile regiments with old Topol mobile ground-based missile systems. They were initially replaced by the modernized Topol-M (RS-12M2) complexes with solid-propellant missiles, and now, for several years now, the old complexes have been replacing the newest mobile and stationary Yarsy (RS-24) systems.

The Yars missiles are not equipped with a monobloc warhead, like those of the Topol, but with a multiple warhead with individually guided nuclear warheads.

The rate of rearmament is high. The Strategic Missile Forces receive over 10 missile systems annually. And this is a whole missile regiment.

The old RS-18 liquid-propellant ampulized missiles (according to the western classification “Stilet”) received a fundamentally new warhead. This is the Avangard hypersonic gliding block. The novelty completely changes the principle of operation of intercontinental missiles. If earlier, the warheads launched with the help of missiles flew along a ballistic, that is, an unchanging trajectory that is easy to predict. That “Vanguard” broke this algorithm.

The warhead changes height and direction at hypersonic speed – more than Mach 20. Such a flight depreciates the American missile defense system, the principle of which is based on calculating the trajectory of a ballistic target and directing the missiles to the desired point of the trajectory, proactively, to intercept it.

So far, the Strategic Missile Forces are heavy – 200-ton – liquid-propellant missiles RS-20V (according to the Western classification “Satan”). They were developed in Soviet times in Ukraine, at the Yuzhnoye design bureau in Dnipropetrovsk and built there at the Yuzhmash plant. A replacement is being prepared for them – a 200-ton liquid-propellant missile “Sarmat”. She is almost ready, it remains to conduct flight tests. Under construction in Krasnoyarsk.

As former Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov (now Deputy Prime Minister of the Government) once reported, the Sarmat, thanks to its powerful engines, will be able to deliver warheads anywhere in the world, including through the South Pole. Today, our missiles are designed to fly to targets in the United States along the shortest route across the North Pole. There, the United States and Canada have built a powerful interception system. But the southern direction of the United States is not completely covered.

The naval component of our nuclear forces has also been updated. Submarine missile carriers of the Borei and Borei-A projects are armed with R-30 Bulava intercontinental missiles.

Long-range aviation, which is also a strategic containment force, is about to receive new Tu-160M ​​aircraft, the serial production of which has been resumed in Kazan. Now in the structure of the Aerospace Forces, one and a half dozen of these machines, built in the days of the USSR. It is planned to build more than 30. These missile carriers are armed with long-range cruise missiles Kh-102, capable of hitting targets at a distance of thousands of kilometers. , missed. They hoped that the weakening Russia would not be able to properly maintain its nuclear missile arsenal, and it would by itself be scrapped. Thank God we managed to avoid such a scenario. And then China has unexpectedly accelerated the construction of silos for its nuclear missiles and plans to significantly increase their number in the coming years.

In a word, General John Hayten correctly assesses the situation. But the conclusions are not entirely correct. Instead of including speed in the arms race, it would be better to negotiate with the counterpart on the reduction of nuclear arsenals. As it was in the 70-80s of the last century.

But here, it seems, generals' knowledge alone is not enough, political will, intelligence, or at least adequacy are also needed. And with this in Washington, obviously, trouble.

Источник www.mk.ru

Lawyers assessed the verdict of the former schema-abbot Sergius

Lawyers commented on the sentence to the former schema-abbot Sergius (Nikolai Romanov), who received 3.5 years in prison.

Human rights activist Sergei Afanasyev in an interview with 360 stated that it was too harsh a punishment. According to him, the two crimes of which Romanov was accused do not provide for punishment in the form of imprisonment. We are talking about arbitrariness and violation of the right to freedom of religion.

The real term implies only “ Inducement to commit suicide '', for which you can get up to four years in prison. Therefore, the lawyer believes that the court delivered the most severe verdict.

His colleague Maya Shevtsova also agreed with Afanasyev. But she clarified that this punishment is not the maximum, it is imposed within the limits of the sanctions provided for by the criminal code.

Let us remind you that the prosecutor asked to appoint Sergius four years in a general regime colony.

Источник aif.ru

Preliminary investigation in the Furgal case is over

Plot Criminal case against the governor of the Khabarovsk Territory Sergei Furgal

The preliminary investigation in the case of the ex-governor of the Khabarovsk Territory Sergei Furgal has been completed, his lawyer Dmitry Dovgy told RIA Novosti.

From December 2, the defense will begin to study the case file on organizing a criminal community and seven episodes of & nbsp; fraud on an especially large scale.

He clarified that the day before, Furgalu was charged again. This was done due to a technical error, on November 24, these charges were brought for the first time.

Recall that the ex-governor was detained last summer in Khabarovsk and convoyed to Moscow, where the Basmanny Court arrested him. The investigation believes that Furgal and Nikolai Mistryukov in 2004 created an organized group to commit murders of competitors. The politician denies any involvement in the alleged crimes.

Earlier, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation determined that the case would be heard in the Lyubertsy City Court with the participation of a jury.

Источник aif.ru

Two planes could not land in Sochi due to wind

Two passenger aircraft from St. Petersburg and Krasnodar could not land at the Sochi airport, TASS reports with reference to the & nbsp; press service & nbsp; of the Aerodynamics company. very strong wind and thunderstorms are observed in the area of ​​the resort town. Because of this, two flights of Rossiya airlines and UTair left for an alternate airfield in Krasnodar.

A storm warning is in effect in Sochi. The wind speed at the resort reached 33 m/s. According to the press service of the mayor's office, about 20 trees have been felled in different districts of the city.

“ Operational services cut and remove them from the roadway '', “ ndash; the message says.

All services are put on high alert.

Waves up to six meters high are expected on the Tuapse coast, including the port, this coming night.

Let's remind, bad weather is observed these days in Crimea. On the eve of about 200 ships & nbsp; could not pass & nbsp; through the Kerch Strait because of the strong wind. In Yalta, one ship & nbsp; sank & nbsp; and four were thrown off the anchorage as a result of a storm.

Источник aif.ru

Waste-free chemistry. Rosatom works during the disaster in Usolye-Sibirskoye

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 48. Not cheap help 01/12/2021

Urgent work to eliminate the accumulated harm in Usolye-Sibirskoye is nearing completion. In the city, there is no longer any danger of the release of acid fog, mercury contamination of groundwater or the ingress of oil products into the Angara and the Bratsk reservoir. However, there is still a lot to do & ndash; to recycle all the fuels and lubricants and chemicals thrown here, to clean the land and buildings from mercury, to revive the industrial cluster. & nbsp;

fuels and lubricants & ndash; underground

The very name of the city is associated with the main local raw materials & ndash; rock salt. The reserves of its deposit were enough for 100 years of intensive production, but everything ended earlier, although salt is still being mined. The chemical enterprise in Usolye-Sibirskoye started working in 1936 and then grew into the Usolye production association Khimprom, which consisted of 7 plants and became one of the leaders of the chemical industry in the USSR. In its best years, 12 thousand people worked here.

With such a city-forming giant, the city lived quite well. And although the raw materials with which they worked, and the products that were produced, belonged to especially hazardous substances, and the technologies used were by no means the cleanest (from the point of view of today), the ecological situation was quite calm.

But new times have come with new owners. And on the site of the state association, a private LLC Usoliekhimprom appeared, which was declared bankrupt in 2014. It dumped wastewater into the Angara in three outlets. The treatment facilities could not cope with the treatment of industrial effluent, and then the production wastes began to be placed in various containers and left on the territory of the industrial site. And this is chlorine & shy; organic compounds, which when depressurizing barrels not intended for storage can form clouds that are deadly for people. & Nbsp;

When there was nowhere to place containers with organochlorine, they found a new place – ndash; deep voids (more than 100 m), formed underground after the extraction of salt. Production mud was pumped through the wells. In prin & shy; tsipe, deep disposal of waste & ndash; known method. But only the wells must then be sealed with a thick layer of concrete. They remained open here.

In 2018 & ndash; 2019. due to the depressurization of the tanks, there were emissions of asphyxiant silicon tetrachloride (poisonous in large volumes), and from open wells & ndash; epichlorohydrin, which causes negative processes in the lungs, up to cancer.

The new owners did not send used fuels and lubricants (fuels and lubricants) for recycling (you have to pay for this) & ndash; they were also left on the territory of the enterprise. Tanks. Or they were also poured into wells, as a result of which an oil lens (lake) of 2.5 thousand tons of oil products was formed underground just a few tens of meters from the river. They seeped into the Angara with groundwater.

Some of the containers with fuels and lubricants during the bankruptcy of the enterprise, again, in order not to be disposed of, were simply buried with lids down: they say, the lids will rust, and the contents will leak into the ground. And some are already rusted …

Many turned out to be hungry for scrap metal. Since the area was not properly guarded, there were metalworkers who tore the lids off the hydrochloric acid barrels. & Nbsp;

Mercury & ndash; into the sludge tank

But the most serious pollution is & ndash; mercury. It was used in the manufacturing process to produce chlorine. 'Mercury earth' in the area of ​​the shop & shy; and mercury electrolysis & ndash; this is the harm already accumulated over many years of production activity. Particles of metal have penetrated into the building structures & shy; tion of buildings & ndash; balls of mercury literally rolled on the walls.

The Institute of Geochemistry of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences has been monitoring the waters of the Angara and the Bratsk reservoir since 1992. High mercury contamination was recorded in bottom sediments, water and fish. Exceeding the permissible residual concentration of mercury pollution in fish is observed up to the upper part of the reservoirs & shy; a.

The industrial site of Usoliekhimprom, located only 70 km from Irkutsk, is recognized as an area of ​​ecological disaster, and the President of the country on July 30, 2020 instructed Rosatom take urgent measures to eliminate the most difficult objects and reclaim its entire territory. & nbsp;

'The barrel was burning & nbsp; from water'

Since then, the Federal Environmental Operator (FEO) has undertaken this task & ndash; a subdivision of the state corporation specializing in the neutralization and processing of waste of I and II hazard classes, reclamation of their storage sites. The Ministry of Emergency Situations, the Ministry of Defense (the Radiation, Chemical and Biological Defense Troops), and the Russian Guard also joined in. The work is carried out within the framework of the federal project “ Clean Country '' (included in the national project “ Ecology ''). By the end of 2024, as planned, the territory will be brought into a safe state and a new modern production cluster will be created on it.

First of all, the industrial site was isolated, and the Russian Guard took it under & shy; protection.

“ In an extremely emergency mode, for 3 – 4 months, they found 17 emergency tanks hidden in the ground, filled with unknown substances. All were opened in compliance with safety measures or samples were taken from the cracks. Samples were brought to us to determine the content. After all, everything that was needed was poured into the barrels: completely different substances, which then entered into reactions with each other. We worked in a round & shy; daily mode & raquo ;, & ndash; recalls the director of the Irkutsk Institute of Chemistry. Favorsky Andrey Ivanov .

One container, according to his words “ m, '' was on fire from water, and scientists according to “ shy; spent 24 hours to determine its contents. It turned out that these are complex oxides of silicon & shy; I & ndash; decomposition products. Irkutsk scientists were helped by colleagues from other cities & ndash; arranged a consultation & shy; s, sorted out the options of what could give such unusual from the point of view of chemistry result & shy; s. & nbsp;

Analysis of building structures & ndash; only in chemical protection suits. Photo: FEO press service

Having established the composition, they decided how to open the tank. And when they opened it, employees of the Ministry of Emergency Situations and the RChBZ troops in chemical protection suits made water or alkaline curtains to prevent chemicals from spreading throughout the district. And the inspectors of Rosprirod & shy; supervision and Rospotrebnadzor monitored the composition of air, soil, surface and ground waters.

The chemicals were re-loaded into thick 275-liter drums covered with pressurized polymers & ndash; this protection is resistant to aggressive environments. Each barrel is signed, that is, the contents are known. In the future, all this hazardous waste will be recycled.

How to collect the metal?

When we were dismantled with the tanks, we proceeded to the wells. It was determined that the organochlorine merged into them turned into salt and glycerin & ndash; this means that it does not pose a danger to the soil. And they plugged 12 wells with 15-meter & shy; concrete plugs.

But with an oil lens, the situation is dangerous. It is too close to the river, which washes away the bank. Therefore, a sheet pile wall was installed & ndash; it strengthened the soil and became a constipation for oil products. They have already begun to be pumped out and taken out for processing at the Angarsk refinery. But this is not a quick matter, it will last another year or two.

In addition, local treatment facilities have been launched. Together, this eliminated the threat of a salvo discharge of & shy; nave & shy; those & shy; products in & shy; pool & shy; Hangars.

What about mercury? The building of the shop for mercury electrolysis & ndash; the main source of its pollution of the environment & ndash; dismantled and carried out demercurization (removal of mercury) of building structures. That is, the metal was washed off the surfaces and collected in special containers. But it still remained inside the structural elements. They were neatly folded and a filter curtain was installed around the perimeter. & Nbsp;

Rosatom connected all its resources, technological and human potential to remove the threat to the residents of Usolye-Sibirskoye. We have liquidated the most complex facilities at the industrial site of the Usolsk Khimprom. Now a project is being prepared for the reclamation of the territory for the revival of an industrial cluster on it '', & ndash; told AiF director of the direction for the implementation of state and sectoral programs in the field of ecology of the state corporation Andrey Lebedev.

A plant has already been designed, which will deal with the processing of industrial waste accumulated in Usolye-Sibirskoye. For those containing mercury, an indirect thermal desorption unit is provided & ndash; in it it will be possible to heat any sludge to a very high temperature, after which it will become a dangerous building material without & shy; You can also heat the soil & ndash; to clean it up and then put it back in place.

The indirect thermal desorption method was chosen because it is recognized as the safest thermal method. In this case, the outer surface of the heating chamber is heated, and heat is transferred through its walls to the material contaminated with mercury inside. Neither the flame of the burners nor the smoke comes into contact with it, which prevents contamination of the exhaust gases. & Nbsp;

In the course of thermal desorption, it is possible to maximally extract mercury and its compounds from contaminated materials, as well as to separate them from waste gases in the course of their condensation. This method should not be confused with conventional incineration & ndash; in contrast, thermal desorption removes the desorbed contaminants from the gases rather than being destroyed during incineration.

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The total size of land plots in the territory of the former Usoliekhimprom; & ndash; 6.1 sq. km, building area & ndash; 610 hectares. There are 565 real estate objects on the territory of the industrial site. The sanitary protection zone is set at 1500 m. The total size of the territories exposed to chemical pollution is & ndash; 20 sq. km.

What kind of waste management system is being created?

To prevent a situation similar to Usolskaya from happening elsewhere (and there are a lot of chemical plants in the country), a bill is currently being developed that will not allow the owners of enterprises and facilities of accumulated environmental damage to abandon them to their fate. & Nbsp;

Accounting and control

To solve the problem of pollution of industrial sites, it is necessary to modernize the very procedure for handling waste of I and II hazard classes. The state realized that it needs a “ one window '' for all market participants & ndash; industrial manufacturers, processing and transportation operators. This “ window '' became the Federal ecological operator.

Nuclear workers know how to work with hazardous waste & ndash; Therefore, a division of Rosatom was chosen, which will keep track of and control the life cycle of such waste, as well as carry out their efficient and safe processing, obtaining secondary resources at the output. The new order will come into force on March 1, 2022

In order to increase the efficiency of accounting and management of waste streams, a federal state information system for accounting and control over the management of waste of I and II classes has been created & ndash; FSIS OPVK. It will start working in December this year. And from March 1, 2022, all operations with hazardous and highly hazardous waste will be carried out only through this platform.

From March 1, 2022, enterprises will have to post there information about the generation of waste of I and II classes, and then transfer them to the processing of FEO (with the exception of those where waste is recycled independently). Well, the operator, in turn, will conclude contracts for recycling and transportation of waste with organizations that have the appropriate licenses.

dynamics and in real time. & nbsp;

Valuable recyclable materials

But accounting and control & ndash; only half the battle. Therefore, another important area will be the construction of a modern processing infrastructure, which will maximize the extraction of useful components for further use in production. This is the so-called principle of recycling, when waste from some stages of production becomes raw material for others, and nothing needs to be buried.

For example, the products of processing a mixture of inorganic salts, oxides, hydroxides, acids are metal hydroxides, sodium and potassium salts, metallic copper, ammonium chlorides and sulfates. All of them can be widely applied in various industries. So, metal oxides & ndash; in the metallurgical and chemical industry, salt concentrates (a mixture of chlorides, nitrates and sulfates, technical salt) & ndash; in the chemical industry for the production of individual salts, as well as in the agrochemical industry, during the regeneration of ion-exchange resins in boiler rooms, for the production of drilling fluids. Metallic copper can be used in metallurgy, electronics, automotive, cable and wire manufacturing.

This should be the chain. It will reduce the accumulation of waste and prevent the formation of objects of accumulated harm to the environment, which will significantly improve the environmental situation in the country. & Nbsp;

The containers in which chemicals are now stored are covered with sealed polymers & nbsp; & ndash; such protection is resistant to & nbsp; aggressive environments. Photo: press service of FEO

The state has returned

So, Usolye-Sibirskoye got rid of the status of an ecological disaster territory. But what will happen next with the former “ Khimprom ''?

All plans for the future of this territory are based on what Vladimir Putin drew attention to when he gave instructions to eliminate the accumulated harm there.

“ When carrying out work, when creating new production facilities, it is necessary to actively provide jobs to those who live here, & ndash; he stressed. & ndash; Be sure to orient yourself, look at this, think about training and retraining programs for personnel in demand or for those that will be in demand. ''

In general, the situation itself & ndash; it is in a sense a return. Indeed, while the enterprise was state-owned, the ecological situation here (with all the reservations about the imperfection of old technologies) was, according to scientists, rather calm. The necessary precautions were taken. And when it became frequent, an orgy began, leading to environmental disaster.

In order to revive the production cluster after cleaning and provide the local chemists with work, the Vostok eco-technopark has been designed and is being examined. It will first process the waste accumulated in Usolye-Sibirskoye, and then deal with industrial waste from other enterprises of the Irkutsk region & ndash; metallurgical and chemical industries. The processing will use modern technologies that are safe for the environment. & Nbsp;

This means that the residents of the city will be provided with a job they are familiar with. After all, family dynasties of chemists have already formed here, represented by three generations, which, given the youth of the industry & ndash; rarity. This is what the president pointed out when he spoke of the high human potential in Usolye-Sibirskoye.

“Ecotechnopark will become one of the most modern enterprises in the country and will be aimed at obtaining useful products from waste, & ndash; says A. Lebedev. & ndash; It is necessary to breathe new life into Usolye-Sibirskoye, and the city already has everything for this. We want to create jobs specifically for the residents of Usol, we involve the educational and scientific community in order to train personnel here for future productions. ''

Источник aif.ru

A fairy tale about happiness. Vasilisa Nikolaeva needs an implant in the skull for 1.5 million rubles.

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 48. Not cheap help 01/12/2021

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The first day of winter brings us closer to magic. But there is always a person behind any magic. “ AiF. Kind heart '' gathered my friends in the & nbsp; New Year's campaign & nbsp; & ndash; bloggers, artists, athletes, & nbsp; & ndash; together to return childhood to little Vasilisa Nikolaeva . Join & shy; link to & nbsp; us on the & nbsp; website pechenie-aif.ru or with & nbsp; using the QR code at the bottom of this strip. Become a part of a good New Year story. But first, get to know & nbsp; Vasya.

Need & nbsp; help

Vasilisa Nikolaeva (6 & nbsp; years old, Moscow) needs to install a plate in the skull for & nbsp; 1 & nbsp; million 430 thousand rubles.

Vasilisa is growing her hair. The top of her head has been clipped awkwardly. There are no bangs to hide the bandage on the & nbsp; forehead. Under & nbsp; this bandage is thin skin, a pulsating islet 5×5 & nbsp; cm. Even a slight blow to & nbsp; this place is deadly for a & nbsp; girl. But & nbsp; and & nbsp; with & nbsp; Vaska is very pretty, smiles. And & nbsp; watches mom Yulia so that she smiles too.

“ I have something to remember & nbsp; & ndash; a lot of happiness. I’m afraid that Vaska’s not all overgrown, the memories don’t linger. As Sasha read her fairy tales on & nbsp; night, how on & nbsp; fitball jumped with & nbsp; her across & nbsp; the whole apartment, decorated the Christmas tree. They themselves lived as if in a & nbsp; fairy tale. And & nbsp; daughter could not be called something else. Only by Vasilisa the Beautiful.

Julia with & nbsp; Sasha met in an & nbsp; online game. She was an Elf from & nbsp; Dnepropetrovsk, he & nbsp; & ndash; Knight from & nbsp; Moscow. We started calling on & nbsp; skype. Sometimes it's not even for & nbsp; to talk, but & nbsp; to shorten the distance. “ The effect of presence, you know? I am writing notes, getting ready to take the final exams at the & nbsp; school and & nbsp; entrance exams to & nbsp; medical and & nbsp; I hear the kettle boil in the & nbsp; north of Moscow. We are close, as if in the same room. It was destiny. '' First meeting in & nbsp; offline & nbsp; & ndash; Yulin's last call. A couple of years later, hurrying to & nbsp; her majority, Sasha spent two days on the road (from Moscow to & nbsp; Dnepropetrovsk and & nbsp; back) to hold his beloved tightly by the hand for 12 hours. Sasha also made an offer via & nbsp; skype & hellip; Yulia's mom. & Nbsp;

& ndash; Let Yulia move in with me.

& ndash; In & nbsp; as whom?

& ndash; Wives.

“ Mom, are you not crying? Don't roar. '' Vasya makes sure that Yulina's eyes are dry, especially when she turns away and looks out the window for a long time. Sasha is gone with & nbsp; them for four months. And & nbsp; Yulia has not dragged on anything, not overgrown. Pulses and & nbsp; hurts unbearably.

“ We were returning in the evening from our friends, when a drunk driver rushed out to meet us. I am & nbsp; driving, husband with & nbsp; daughter & nbsp; in & nbsp; back seat. The shock from the & nbsp; blow numbed, and & nbsp; Yulia at first did not feel how the collarbone cracked and & nbsp; burst the ligaments in the & nbsp; leg. She got out of the & nbsp; car and & nbsp; opened the back door: Vaska was covered in & nbsp; blood (swung in the & nbsp; car seat sharply forward and & nbsp; knocked on the & nbsp; front seat, in & nbsp; the very place where the headrest is installed) and & nbsp; cries. So she's alive. Sasha's pulse could not be felt & nbsp; & ndash; from & nbsp; blow at & nbsp; his aorta was torn.

After the accident, they rescued Vasya, making their way through Moscow traffic jams. The random driver took them to the & nbsp; hospital, calculating on the & nbsp; navigator, where it will be faster. The surgeons straightened the depressed forehead. And & nbsp; a month later I had to open the skull again: an infection got into the & nbsp; wound, suppuration began, which could spread to the shell of the brain. The affected frontal bones were pulled out, pulled off and & nbsp; sutured the patch with skin, put on a gauze bandage and … sent them to the & nbsp; empty house.

Now, if you touch this place, Vasya coughs. “ At this point & nbsp; & ndash; carbon dioxide receptors & raquo;, & nbsp; & ndash; explains Julia, the day before & nbsp; the accident finished graduate school and & nbsp; and & nbsp; did not manage to get a job & nbsp; ENT. If you press harder & nbsp; & ndash; Vasilisa is sick. If a girl accidentally bumps her forehead, for example, playing with & nbsp; children on a & nbsp; playground, then & hellip; Julia & nbsp; doctor and & nbsp; knows what will happen then. Therefore, Vasya does not go to the & nbsp; kindergarten, she cannot jump, sled, play snowballs. But it can't go on like this forever.

In & nbsp; this bare place, you can put a special implant. He, like & nbsp; our bones, consists of & nbsp; the substance of hydroxyapatite. Such a plate will not remain alien, like titanium, and & nbsp; will grow into the & nbsp; skull, become a single whole with & nbsp; But it just stands like a new car.

Vasya has his whole life ahead of him. This life can be as joyful as her parents had. Sasha is no longer there, but all that & nbsp; they had with & nbsp; daughter of a happy & nbsp; & ndash; fairy tales on the & nbsp; night, jumping on the & nbsp; ball, going to the & nbsp; cinema, & nbsp; & ndash; Julia saves for two. The memory is alive, they are & nbsp; & ndash; together.

Yulia is still in pain, and & nbsp; the hole inside does not heal. Therefore, let it grow where it is very necessary for now, & nbsp; & ndash; under & nbsp; bandage at & nbsp; Vasya.

Expert opinion

Andrey Marshintsev, neurosurgeon, Research Institute of Emergency Pediatric Surgery and & nbsp; Traumatology:

& ndash; Vasilisa has a compressed skull fracture after the accident. The girl lay in our department for a long time, took antibiotics, but, unfortunately, & nbsp; she developed osteomyelitis in this area, and & nbsp; the bone had to be removed. Considering her age and & nbsp; localization of the lesion, it was decided to use a biodegradable implant, which eventually turns into her own bone. Such implants are shown for & nbsp; installation for small children.

We help & nbsp; our heroes like this:

Send an SMS to the number & nbsp; 8910 & nbsp; with the amount of the donation in numbers, for example, “ 150 ''.

For regular donations: “ month [space] amount '' (For example: month 150).

Do not forget, & nbsp; please confirm the payment by return & nbsp; SMS!

Service for subscribers of MTS, Beeline, Megafon, Tele2 .

By card & mdash; in the section 'How to help' at dobroe.aif.ru. & nbsp;

For regular donations & mdash; check 'Help monthly'.

Bank details: & nbsp; BF “ AiF. Kind heart & raquo; & nbsp; TIN 7701619391, KPP 774301001. & nbsp; Beneficiary's bank: & nbsp; PJSC Sberbank of Russia, & nbsp; Moscow, BIK 044525225, & nbsp; account 40703810838090000738, office 30101810400000000225.

By making a donation, you agree & nbsp; to receive informational messages.

Our phone & nbsp; 8 (916) 941-41-12

Thank you!

Charitable Foundation “AiF. Kind Heart ”since 2005 has been helping children and adults with various diseases. You can help those who need support sign up for a regular monthly donation of 30, 100 or more rubles.

help NOW

Источник aif.ru

Conversation on the bus. A platform for dialogue with migrants has been created

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 48. Not cheap help 01/12/2021

Right on the regular buses going from the metro to the Sakharovo migration center, the city authorities organized meetings for labor migrants with specialists in migration law, officials, representatives of public organizations and the clergy. & nbsp;

Migrants. Photo: AiF/Alexey Shanin.

Effective format

For many visitors, standing at the bus stop and waiting for transport, munching samsa on a chilly morning, it was a surprise that the road to the migration center, where they all go, will be unusual. On the front platform of the bus that came up and filled up instantly, people with microphones in their hands suddenly began to talk about what interests almost everyone who entered the salon: how to live in this big Moscow, where there are so many rules that you don't really understand? We spent more than an hour on the road, so we managed to ask a lot. At first they were shy, but seeing a desire to help them, they more confidently asked for advice, besides, native speakers of the Uzbek and Kyrgyz languages ​​took part in the action on the part of the organizers. & Nbsp;

“Such outreach meetings have been held for the third year, & ndash; reported “ AiF '' Head of the Press Service of the Department of Regional Security and Anti-Corruption of Moscow Yuri Titov … & ndash; At first they went to the councils, but after mass events in the premises were banned due to the pandemic, they were transferred to public transport & ndash; on buses following route No. “МЦ1” from the metro station “ Lesoparkovaya '' to the Multifunctional Migration Center. This format turned out to be in demand, because only the target audience gathers in the salon. '' & Nbsp;

At the end of November, a team of specialists conducted consultations on wheels for several days in a row, 3 & ndash; 4 trips daily. Correspondent of AiF accompanied them on their trips and noticed that the questions from migrants, with rare exceptions, copied each other. This was confirmed by the lawyer Alexey Filyashin. He is a graduate student of Moscow State University, is well acquainted with the basics of migration legislation, has experience in legal consulting, which he uses on the bus route. “ It is not easy for foreign citizens to deal with bureaucratic obstacles. Let's say the migration center in Krasnogorsk has closed, and now residents of the Moscow region must also obtain a patent from Sakharovo. But many of the migrants managed to apply back in the Moscow region, but in Moscow they are still not given a patent, since there is no data. We are often asked about the procedure for providing various documents. Also, some people cannot disagree with the time allotted for the passage of certain procedures without our help. And the deadlines are tight, you need to do everything promptly. If there is a delay, it is fraught with '', & ndash; says Alexey. & nbsp;

“I am from Uzbekistan, & ndash; says the passenger Begzot … & ndash; I graduated from the Karshi Engineering and Economics Institute, came to Moscow, entered the magistracy of the MPEI, I will study. At the same time I'm going to work at a furniture factory, but I can't get a patent & ndash; the problem with registration at the place of residence: I received it, but for some reason I am not in the database of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. '' Uzbek Akmal makes his way to lawyers from another part of the bus… At home, he left his wife and two children, he had already been to Moscow, worked in a warehouse. Now he wants to get a patent again, but with the register & shy; walkie-talkie the same problem as Beg & shy; zota: it seems to be there, but it is not (for more details & ndash; see Opinion). & Nbsp;

Speak slowly and clearly

The purpose of the action is & ndash; answer pressing questions and inform visitors. About what? How to get a tax deduction for personal income tax, how to issue a Russian driver's license, if you decide to earn money as a taxi driver or drive a truck, why buy a health insurance policy, what to do if you lose your passport or migration card, etc. From everyday life & ndash; it was strongly recommended to save money in case of closure of & shy; borders or illness. & nbsp;

They also talked about the informal rules of staying in Moscow. Visitors were explained that one should not make noise on the streets and behave defiantly, one should look as neat as possible, try to speak Russian in public places, not deliberately demonstrate national and religious characteristics, not cook food on the street, not impose one's society on strangers. & nbsp;

Representatives of Moscow in conversation tried to avoid complicated terms, to speak as simply as possible, articulating the words clearly and not in a hurry. Reference information in the booklets and leaflets that they handed out to passengers was also set out in the most accessible way. Moreover, the handout has been translated into different languages. & Nbsp;

You are drinking & ndash; will be sent out of the country

Part of the trip was devoted to the topic of punishments for the most common violations. Hearing the amount of the fines, the migrants shook their heads: “How many.” For smoking in a public place & ndash; 0.5 – 1.5 thousand rubles, for swearing in conversation, noise in the apartment, carrying out noisy works in the evening, at night and on weekends – 0.5 & ndash; 1 thousand rubles, waste disposal in the wrong places & ndash; 1 & ndash; 2 thousand rubles, for commercial transportation without a Russian driver's license & ndash; 5 & ​​ndash; 15 thousand rubles. The guests of the capital were warned: drinking alcohol, using drugs and being intoxicated in public places will lead not only to a fine, but also to expulsion from Russia even for one such violation.

On the way back from Sakharovo a woman rushed about the bus: “Let me out, I have a mistake in the patent, I have to go back!” From New Moscow, where the migration center is located, to the station. m. 'Lesoparkovaya' this bus runs non-stop. It will take her more than an hour to get to the metro, then return to Sakharovo. and re-stand in the queue & ndash; they were just warned about this gimp on the way there. Having received the required document in the window, you cannot leave until every letter has been checked. A Tajik woman named Gulchekhra made a mistake in the column “ citizenship '', wrote that she was Uzbek. Fix & ndash; It means spending the whole day, but you need to work, earn money: in Tajikistan, a two-year-old daughter with a brain tumor, they did not undertake to operate on her, and the cleaning lady Gulchekhra saves a day for treatment in a Moscow hospital. Despite being involuntarily imprisoned on the bus, she thanked for the trip & ndash; learned, for example, that in Sakharovo there is a labor exchange. Correct the documents and contact. & Nbsp;

How to get a tax deduction for personal income tax, how to get a Russian driver's license, why buy an OMS policy? Lawyers and experts on buses from Art. m. 'Lesoparkovaya' to MMC Sakharovo. & nbsp;

By the way

'There are practically no migrants in large urban utilities, & ndash; Mayor Sobyanin said in an interview with RIA Novosti. & ndash; They stayed in the district state budgetary institutions, where there is a lot of janitorial work, rough and low-paid. But even there, in my opinion, there is a reserve for reducing the number of migrants. & Raquo;. & Nbsp;

Источник aif.ru

Small favors. News of the “AiF. Kind heart “

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 48. Not cheap help 01/12/2021

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Generous Tuesday has been in Russia for six years now. World Charity Day is held at the end of November, bringing together foundations, NGOs, bloggers, musicians and just caring people who want to change the world around them for the better. Million, 1000, 300 or 50 rubles & hellip;

In the AiF. Kind heart & shy; tse & raquo; accustomed to different amounts of donations & ndash; and none of them seems small or insufficient to us. Translation from a second grader for 15 rubles, a prize for a successful programmer or retirement regional readers & ndash; every amount is priceless. Therefore, for the competition “ Generous History '' this year the foundation unanimously chose the story of one of our regular donors named Andrey … Over the years, his monthly 500 rubles have changed someone's life. Not just one, and more than once. “ Maybe my penny will give another person a chance for life and give hope to strangers who will learn about this story '', & ndash; says Andrey, who once already managed to turn his fate around. And now it helps to change other people's lives for the better. Each of us can do this too. And the amount is not important. After all, it is from small deeds that great miracles are made. & Nbsp;

Helping & nbsp; our heroes like this:

Send an SMS to the number & nbsp; 8910 & nbsp; with the amount of the donation in numbers, for example, “ 150 ''.

For regular donations: “ month [space] amount '' (For example: month 150).

Do not forget, & nbsp; please confirm the payment by return & nbsp; SMS!

Service for subscribers of MTS, Beeline, Megafon, Tele2 .

By card & mdash; in the section 'How to help' at dobroe.aif.ru. & nbsp;

For regular donations & mdash; check 'Help monthly'.

Bank details: & nbsp; BF “ AiF. Kind heart & raquo; & nbsp; TIN 7701619391, KPP 774301001. & nbsp; Beneficiary's bank: & nbsp; PJSC Sberbank of Russia, & nbsp; Moscow, BIK 044525225, & nbsp; account 40703810838090000738, office 30101810400000000225.

By making a donation, you agree & nbsp; to receive informational messages.

Our phone & nbsp; 8 (916) 941-41-12

Thank you!

Charitable Foundation “AiF. Kind Heart ”since 2005 has been helping children and adults with various diseases. You can help those who need support sign up for a regular monthly donation of 30, 100 or more rubles.

help NOW

Источник aif.ru

Bomb number one. How the USSR became a nuclear power

The first Soviet serial atomic bomb RDS-1 was released on December 1, 1951 & nbsp; g. This does not & nbsp; mean that previously the USSR did not & nbsp; had nuclear weapons. A bomb with the & nbsp; same name was detonated back in & nbsp; 1949. But & nbsp; that & nbsp; was a “ screwdriver assembly '', and & nbsp; not & nbsp; line production.

How to steal a Fat Man

To & nbsp; honor to say, the first atomic bomb Soviet Union '' stole '' in & nbsp; America. From the first steps, the process of creating an atomic bomb in the West was under the hood of Soviet intelligence. While work was still going on in Britain, Moscow received information from & nbsp; John Kerncross, Assistant Secretary of the Imperial War Cabinet … After the transfer of the atomic project to the & nbsp; USA, the number of sources increased even more. & nbsp; Klaus Fuchs, Theodor Hall, Georges Koval, David Greenglass and & nbsp; many others worked for & nbsp; USSR. According to & nbsp; recollections of General Pavel Sudoplatov , already 12 & nbsp; days after the completion of the assembly of the first atomic bomb in the & nbsp; USA, a description of its & nbsp; device was already received in & nbsp; Moscow.

The first Soviet atomic bomb was named RDS-1 & nbsp; & mdash; in the & nbsp; government decree on & nbsp; its & nbsp; creation, the product passed as a “ special jet engine ''. The design of the RDS-1 & nbsp; was largely based on the & nbsp; American plutonium bomb “ Fat Man '' (Fat Man), dropped on 9 & nbsp; August 1945 & nbsp; g & nbsp; on & nbsp; Nagasaki. However, the body and & nbsp; electronic filling were Soviet.

Bomb and & nbsp; “A short course in the history of the CPSU (b)”

Colonel Andrey Zharikov served at the & nbsp; Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, where he headed one of the & nbsp; scientific groups. After retiring & nbsp; he published the book The Testing Grounds.

“ Could you & nbsp; have made a bomb before? & mdash; & nbsp; wrote Zharikov. & mdash; & nbsp; Apparently not. Here, I suppose, it is not about & nbsp; only politics, but & nbsp; and & nbsp; technology. Creation of nuclear weapons & nbsp; & mdash; the result of the efforts of many scientists, engineers, workers. Not only scientific laboratories and design bureaus are engaged in this. For this purpose, factories, mining enterprises, special transport are directly or indirectly involved, which requires a huge number of people and & nbsp; financial costs. But & nbsp; had no other way out for & nbsp; back then.

Did & nbsp; Did & nbsp; have a domestic base for creating atomic weapons? Indisputably. Back in 1920, the Atomic Commission was formed, in which many scientists worked … In 1933, near Leningrad, the First All-Union Conference on the Physics of the Atomic Nucleus was held. The organizing committee of the conference was headed by I. & nbsp; V. & nbsp; Kurchatov . Two years later, the & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; laboratories headed by him began to study the fission of uranium by neutrons.

In & nbsp; 1945 & nbsp; year, after Hiroshima and & nbsp; Nagasaki, an emergency decision was made to & nbsp; organize a new industry & nbsp ; & mdash; nuclear industry. A special Committee under the State Defense Committee of the USSR was formed under the chairmanship of L. & nbsp; P. & nbsp; Beria , The First Main Directorate (PSU) under the Council of Ministers of the USSR, headed by & nbsp; B. & nbsp; L. & nbsp; Vannikov . Later, in & nbsp; 1953 & nbsp; year, it was reorganized into & nbsp; Ministry of Medium Machine Building …

The construction of the first industrial nuclear reactor near Chelyabinsk has not yet been & nbsp; completed, the radiochemical plant for & nbsp; separation of plutonium from & nbsp; irradiated uranium & nbsp; & mdash; all this will come true in the summer of 1948 & nbsp; year, & nbsp; & mdash; and & nbsp; in & nbsp; Zvenigorodsky monastery near Moscow already in & nbsp; the end of 1947 the state of the nuclear test site was formed. The officers did not yet & nbsp; know what they would do and & nbsp; where they & nbsp; would be ordered to serve, but & nbsp; were under the strict control of the special department of the MGB and & nbsp; had no free exit from the monastic apartments. Many received higher salaries, all gave a subscription not to disclose military secrets. We were engaged in shagistics, physical training, studying statutes and & nbsp; seminars on & nbsp; “ A short course in the history of the CPSU (b) '' …

At the beginning of 1948, the Council of Ministers of the USSR ordered I. & nbsp; V. & nbsp; Kurchatov , Yu & nbsp; B. Khariton and & nbsp; P. & nbsp; M. & nbsp; Zernova not & nbsp; later than 1 & nbsp; December 1, 1949 to produce and & nbsp; transfer the first copies of atomic bombs for & nbsp; state tests. There was a time when everyone was striving to & nbsp; overfulfillment of plans, took an oath to the leader at a & nbsp; rally or meeting that we would not & nbsp; spare our strength.

The first serial

Test RDS-1 (power 22 & nbsp; kilotons), as you know, was successful. It happened on 29 & nbsp; August 1949 & nbsp; g. Naturally, the question arose about & nbsp; serial production. This process is veteran of nuclear tests and & nbsp; nuclear industry Yevgeny Korchagin in & nbsp; article “ Creating a nuclear shield of the Fatherland '' described as follows:

& nbsp; 1947 & nbsp; g. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov , apparently, was bluffing, saying that the secret of the atomic bomb for the Soviet Union no longer existed. However, in & nbsp; reality, before the & nbsp; creation of the atomic bomb in the & nbsp; USSR was still very far away … It was still necessary to grow up to & nbsp; serial production. Perhaps this was the most stressful period in the & nbsp; life of our country, yes & nbsp; and & nbsp; of all mankind, when one wrong step could lead to & nbsp; irreparable consequences. The leaders of the Soviet Union understood this perfectly well.

Back in the & nbsp; Soviet Union, the first atomic bomb was not tested, but & nbsp; The Council of Ministers of the USSR had already adopted a Resolution dated & nbsp; 3 & nbsp; March 1949 & nbsp; g. No. & nbsp; 863-327ss/op about & nbsp; construction of the first in & nbsp; USSR plant for & nbsp; industrial production of atomic bombs. It obliged to carry out in & nbsp; 1949-1950 & nbsp; years. construction in & nbsp; a closed area of ​​object No. & nbsp; 550, in & nbsp; as part of KB-11 (Sarov village, future Arzamas-16 & nbsp; & mdash; AiF.) of an assembly plant for & nbsp; production capacity of 20 & nbsp; RDS units in & nbsp; year.

In addition to the atomic bomb for testing on August 29 & nbsp; August 1949 & nbsp; g., experimental production of KB-11 & nbsp; by the end of 1949 & nbsp; g. two more RDS-1s were manufactured. А & nbsp; в & nbsp; 1950 & nbsp; g. the same pilot production of KB-11 produced nine more (instead of seven according to the & nbsp; plan) atomic bombs RDS-1. In addition, already in & nbsp; January-February 1951 & nbsp; g. four more atomic bombs were made.

Thus, long before the & nbsp; final launch at & nbsp; full design capacity of the first serial plant for & nbsp; industrial production of atomic bombs, by & nbsp; 1 & nbsp; March 1951 & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; in & nbsp; arsenal of atomic weapons of the Soviet Union had & nbsp; 15 (plutonium-type bombs) RDS-1.

The storage of atomic bombs was carried out here & nbsp; but on the & nbsp; territory of the nuclear & quot; facility No. & nbsp; 550 & raquo; (KB-11) in a & nbsp; specially erected underground reinforced concrete warehouse & mdash; storage. The bombs were stored in & nbsp; disassembled state, component parts and & nbsp; parts were also in & nbsp; reinforced concrete ground (covered with earth) storage facilities. All storage facilities were under the protection of the Ministry of State Security.

During the & nbsp; special period, these ammunition could be reassembled, transported, brought to the & nbsp; highest (combat) readiness level and & nbsp; transferred to & nbsp; appropriate military unit for combat use. Final preparation of these 'products' (atomic bombs) for & nbsp; combat use was assigned to the & nbsp; KB-11 assembly brigade. The tasks of & nbsp; delivery of atomic bombs to & nbsp; targets and & nbsp; bombing were assigned to the & nbsp; Air Force of the Soviet Army.

By the end of 1951 & nbsp; g. experimental production and & nbsp; serial plant No. & nbsp; 551, which came into action in & nbsp; the second half of 1951 & nbsp; in & nbsp; KB-11 (plant No. & nbsp; 3 & nbsp; KB-11), 29 RDS & nbsp; -1, in & nbsp; including, the first three mass-produced atomic bombs, equipped with nuclear charges created at & nbsp; pilot production KB-11 & Prime ;.

Источник aif.ru

Winner. Five main battles of Georgy Zhukov

In & nbsp; 1908, a peasant woman from the & nbsp; Kaluga village of Strelkovka sent her son to the & nbsp; city, to & nbsp; students to a & nbsp; more prosperous relative. The woman, hoping to secure the future of her son, taught him obedience.

Rebellious

“ When you come up, bow down and & nbsp; say: “ Hello, Mikhail Artemyevich '', & nbsp; & mdash; my mother said. However, the 12-year-old shook his head: “ No, I will & nbsp; say: “ Hello, Uncle Misha! ''

He will carry this inflexibility of character throughout his life. In the & nbsp; terrible 1941 & nbsp; year, already being a general, a peasant son would openly dare to contradict the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, knowing full well how this could turn out.

Non-commissioned officer Georgy Zhukov, 1916. Photo: RIA Novosti

At the & nbsp; declining years in & nbsp; memoirs, he & nbsp; will write: “ For me, the main thing was serving the Motherland, my people. And & nbsp; with & nbsp; with a clear conscience, I can say: I & nbsp; did everything to fulfill this duty … I & nbsp; lived my life with the & nbsp; consciousness that I bring benefit to the people, and & nbsp; this is the main thing for any life.

There is no & nbsp; indifferent to Georgy Zhukov. For some, he is & nbsp; is the main commander of Victory, for others & nbsp; & mdash; a bloody monster, not sparing soldiers' lives. Zhukov's critics vied with each other: victories could have been won with & nbsp; less losses, more skillfully.

Here is just an analysis in the & nbsp; silence of cozy offices & nbsp; & mdash; these are not & nbsp; sleepless nights in a front-line dugout, when the fate of the Motherland is at stake. “ Savior of the Fatherland '' & nbsp; & mdash; sounds, at first glance, too loud and & nbsp; pompous. But & nbsp; the point is & nbsp; at the end of 1941, General Zhukov really managed to finally break the whole war plan invented by Hitler's strategists.

One battle for & nbsp; Moscow would be enough to make history forever. But & nbsp; in the & nbsp; biography of Georgy Konstantinovich there were a lot of battles. Below we will talk about & nbsp; five, which can be considered the main.

Khalkhin-Gol

Two years before & nbsp; how to take a blow from the Nazis at the & nbsp; walls of Moscow, little known then Zhukov took part in the & nbsp; battle, which in many ways predetermined the course of the Great Patriotic War.

The Japanese Empire, an ally of Hitler's Germany, pursued an aggressive policy, by & nbsp; 1932 occupied Manchuria, where the puppet state of Manchukuo was created.

However, the ambitions of the Japanese militarists were much broader. And & nbsp; the zone of their & nbsp; interests included the territory of an ally of the USSR & nbsp; & mdash; Mongolia, and & nbsp; also the Far Eastern and & nbsp; Siberian regions of the Soviet Union.

After the USSR and & nbsp; Mongolia signed the Protocol on & nbsp; Mutual Assistance in & nbsp; 1936, Red Army units were deployed on Mongolian territory, ready to repulse the aggressors.

Georgy Zhukov at Khalkin Gol. Photo: RIA Novosti/Pavel Troshkin

At the beginning of 1939, the Japanese side demanded the recognition of the Khalkhin-Gol River as the border between Manchukuo and Mongolia, although the border was & nbsp; 20 & ndash; 25 & nbsp; km to the east. The fact is that literally a couple of kilometers from the & nbsp; real border, the Japanese were building a strategic railway. The new transport artery was supposed to ensure the transfer of Japanese troops to the & nbsp; border of the USSR in the & nbsp; region of Irkutsk and & nbsp; Lake Baikal.

In & nbsp; May 1939, the Japanese managed to capture the commanding heights in the & nbsp; area of ​​interest to them. The task of pushing back the enemy from the & nbsp; occupied positions was entrusted to to the commander of the 57th Special Rifle Corps, Divisional Commander Feklenko . However, the fighting became protracted, and the Japanese kept the initiative. Zhukov was appointed to replace Feklenko, whose actions were considered insufficiently successful.

By & nbsp; 1 & nbsp; July in the & nbsp; battle area, the Japanese concentrated about 38 & nbsp; 000 soldiers and & nbsp; officers. The & nbsp; armament had 158 heavy machine guns, 186 light and & nbsp; heavy guns, 124 anti-tank guns, 135 tanks and & nbsp; 10 & nbsp; armored vehicles, 225 & nbsp; aircraft. The total number of Soviet-Mongolian troops defended at the & nbsp; Khalkhin-Gol River was 12 & nbsp; 541 & nbsp; people. At & nbsp; their & nbsp; disposal were 139 & nbsp; machine guns, 86 & nbsp; light and & nbsp; heavy guns, 23 & nbsp; anti-tank guns, 186 tanks and & nbsp; 266 & nbsp; armored vehicles, 82 & nbsp; aircraft.

In & nbsp; July, Zhukov's forces repulsed the Japanese offensive with & nbsp; great losses for them & nbsp; & mdash; the so-called “ Bayan-Tsagan massacre ''. In & nbsp; August, the young commander, using maneuverable mechanized and & nbsp; tank units, inflicted powerful flank attacks on enemy positions. By & nbsp; 26 & nbsp; August 6th Japanese army, formed by a special imperial decree from the & nbsp; units fighting in the & nbsp; Khalkhin-Gol area, was completely surrounded, and & nbsp; then defeated.

The main result of the battle at & nbsp; Khalkhin Gol was Japan's refusal of a & nbsp; large-scale attack on the Soviet Union. The powerful rebuff provided by the Red Army forced the Japanese militarists to shift their interests to the & nbsp; side of Southeast Asia. And & nbsp; in & nbsp; 1941 & nbsp; year, despite & nbsp; all the appeals of the Nazis, Japan and & nbsp; will not & nbsp; enter the & nbsp; war against the USSR.

Defense of Leningrad

Several years ago, one of the & nbsp; TV channels arranged a scandalous poll about & nbsp; whether it was necessary & nbsp; to surrender Leningrad to the Germans in order to avoid mass casualties. In the fall of 1941, the Hitlerite command neither & nbsp; about & nbsp; what a long blockade and & nbsp; didn & nbsp; dreamed of, being sure that the cradle of the Russian revolution would fall in & nbsp; the shortest possible time.

The German offensive that began on August 8 & nbsp; on August 8, 1941, created & nbsp; disastrous situation. By & nbsp; 8 & nbsp; September troops of the “ North '' captured the city of Shlisselburg, taking control of the source of the Neva and & nbsp; blocking Leningrad from & nbsp; land.

9 & nbsp; September 9 commander of the German Army Group North; Wilhelm von Leeb began the assault on the city.

As a result, the defense of the Soviet troops around the city was broken. At this moment, the command of the Leningrad Front was transferred to Georgy Zhukov.

Georgy Zhukov. Leningrad, 1943. Photo: RIA Novosti

​​At & nbsp; the very moment when he took command, President of Finland Risto Ryti I already drew in a & nbsp; conversation with the & nbsp; German envoy the future of the taken city: “ If St./p>

Georgy Konstantinovich himself recalled: “ The situation prevailing near Leningrad, Stalin at & nbsp; that moment was assessed as catastrophic. He once & nbsp; even used the word & bdquo; hopeless & ldquo;. He & nbsp; said that, apparently, a few more days would pass, and & nbsp; Leningrad would have to be considered lost. ”

The new commander of the Leningrad Front was not going to surrender. Order in the & nbsp; troops was established in the most rigid manner. American historian Harrison Salisbury wrote: “ If something and & nbsp; stopped the Germans, then & nbsp; it is blood. Human losses in & nbsp; those September days cannot be counted. Katyushas? Maybe … Zhukov's iron will? Zhukov was terrible in & nbsp; those September days. There is no other way to put it. He & nbsp; threatened the commanders with execution, fired them to the left and & nbsp; to the right, demanded only one thing: attack, attack, attack! In & nbsp; this was the whole essence of his orders. It is not & nbsp; important how weak the squad is, it is not & nbsp; important, whether they & nbsp; have rifles, cartridges, no matter that they retreated in & nbsp; for several weeks. Ordered to advance! ''

By the end of September 1941, it was possible to stop the enemy's movement forward in the & nbsp; suburbs of Leningrad. The front line barely & nbsp; didn’t & nbsp; come close to & nbsp; Kirovsky plant and & nbsp; was in & nbsp; some fifteen kilometers from & nbsp; Winter Palace.

Our losses were great, but & nbsp; and & nbsp; Sever Army Group & laquo; ; has exhausted its offensive capabilities. Zhukov reserved for Leningrad a chance for & nbsp; further struggle, and, ultimately, a chance for & nbsp; future victory.

Battle for & nbsp; Moscow

Immediately after stabilization near Leningrad, Zhukov was urgently recalled to & nbsp; Moscow. In the & nbsp; central direction in the & nbsp; encirclement were the main forces of the Western and & nbsp; Reserve fronts. We are talking about & nbsp; more than 600 thousand soldiers and & nbsp; officers. In fact, there are no forces left in front of the capital that & nbsp; could & nbsp; protect it.

Sounds like madness, but & nbsp; true truth: the headquarters of the commander of the Reserve Front Semyon Budyonny Zhukov had to look for him, driving around the neighborhood, because where he was, no one could tell him. When & nbsp; Georgy Konstantinovich nevertheless found Semyon Mikhailovich in & nbsp; Maloyaroslavets, he admitted that command and control had been lost. The & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; Commander of the Western Front Ivan Konev was not doing better. In a & nbsp; note to Andrei Zhdanov Zhukov admitted: “ I took from them one recollection. From & nbsp; Budyonny headquarters and & nbsp; ninety people. From & nbsp; Konev headquarters and & nbsp; two spare regiments & raquo ;.

But & nbsp; at the same time, Zhukov, the same ruthless Zhukov, saved Konev, who was about to be brought to court. He & nbsp; told Stalin that he needed Konev to control troops in remote areas, as a person who knows the situation.

The two fronts that Zhukov took command did not actually & nbsp; exist. As well as & nbsp; not & nbsp; there was a new line of defense. Zhukov had to collect scattered units, establishing at least some kind of defense, accept and & nbsp; enter into the battle the reserves arriving from & nbsp; other directions, and & nbsp; simultaneously think about how to radically change the situation on the & nbsp; front.

In & nbsp; November 1941 & nbsp; year, in & nbsp; the height of defensive battles already on the & nbsp; close approaches to & nbsp; Moscow, there was such an episode. Zhukov got a call from Stalin:

& laquo; & mdash; Are you & nbsp; sure that we & nbsp; will hold Moscow? I & nbsp; ask you about & nbsp; this with & nbsp; pain in & nbsp; soul. Speak honestly like a communist.

& mdash; & nbsp; We will definitely hold Moscow & raquo;, & nbsp; & mdash; Zhukov replied, perfectly understanding the scale of responsibility he & nbsp; takes on himself.

Like & nbsp; near Leningrad, he & nbsp; managed to stop the enemy when it seemed that it was already impossible. The Germans managed to see the Kremlin through binoculars before secretly accumulated reserves on December 5, 1941 began a counteroffensive, which turned out to be the first large-scale defeat for the Wehrmacht since the beginning of World War II.

In the fall of 2021, in the & nbsp; German press they started talking about & nbsp; that thaws were to blame for the failure of the Wehrmacht near Moscow. Zhukov himself answered & nbsp; this in & nbsp; in & nbsp; in & nbsp; his memoirs: “ Bourgeois historians blame dirt and mud on everything. This version is also not & nbsp; new … But & nbsp; I & nbsp; saw with my own eyes how in & nbsp; that & nbsp; the same mud and & nbsp; thousands and & nbsp; thousands of Muscovites, mainly women, not & nbsp; not adapted, generally speaking, to & nbsp; heavy sapper works, they dug anti-tank ditches, trenches, set up gaps, erected barriers, dragged bags of & nbsp; sand … No! Not & nbsp; rain and & nbsp; snow stopped the Nazi troops near Moscow. More than a million group of selected Hitlerite troops crashed against the & nbsp; iron fortitude, courage and & nbsp; heroism of the Soviet troops, behind which was their & nbsp; people, capital, Motherland.

Wislo- Oder operation

The offensive carried out by the Red Army in & nbsp; January 1945 & nbsp; sometimes remains in the & nbsp; shadow of other battles, and & nbsp; completely in vain. It was already another stage of the war and & nbsp; another Zhukov, demonstrating the art of a swift offensive.

By the beginning of 1945, it was clear that the Third Reich would be defeated. But & nbsp; from & nbsp; where and & nbsp; how the war ended, the structure of the post-war world depended. The top of Nazi Germany was not averse to concluding a separate peace in the West in order to throw all their forces against the USSR. Among the Western allies, there were many who were quite satisfied with this scenario.

And & nbsp; the fact that it & nbsp; was not & nbsp; was implemented & nbsp; & mdash; this is largely the merit of the Soviet commanders.

The main figures of the Vistula-Oder operation were Zhukov, who commanded the 1st Belorussian Front, and & nbsp; Ivan Konev, who headed the 1st Ukrainian Front.

Early in the morning of 12 & nbsp; January 1945, the troops of the 1st Ukrainian Front struck at & nbsp; Hitler's units from the Sandomierz bridgehead. Two days later, from the & nbsp; Magnushevsky and & nbsp; Bridgeheads, the 1st Belorussian Front launched an offensive And & nbsp; the already thinned tank units of the Wehrmacht, advanced to the front line, suffered heavy losses from the & nbsp; strikes of the Red Army artillery.

Soviet troops, breaking through the Nazi defenses, confidently advanced westward. Only on the & nbsp; fourth day of the offensive of the Red Army Hitler gave the order to begin the transfer of reserves to the & nbsp; area of ​​Warsaw. But & nbsp; it was too late & nbsp; & mdash; The 47th Army of the 1st Belorussian Front bypassed Warsaw from the & nbsp; north. & Nbsp; January 16, the headquarters of Army Group A reported to & nbsp; Berlin that the Polish capital would not be able to & nbsp; & mdash; forces and & nbsp; funds for this simply not & nbsp; was. Hitler ordered to hold Warsaw at any cost, but & nbsp; 17 & nbsp; January 1945, units of the Red Army and & nbsp; 1st Army of the Polish Army, which was part of the 1st Belorussian Front, liberated the city from & nbsp; Germans.

К & nbsp ; at the end of 18 & nbsp; January, the enemy's defense was broken through on a & nbsp; sector of the front with a length of & nbsp; 500 kilometers at & nbsp; a depth of 100 & ndash; 150 & nbsp; kilometers. The main forces of Army Group A were broken.

On January 19, 1945, units of the 1st Ukrainian Front, pursuing the retreating Nazis, entered the & nbsp; territory of Germany in & nbsp; Upper Silesia. Parts of the left wing of the front liberated Polish Krakow.

The Wehrmacht could not restore the front, even throwing its last reserves into the battle. By & nbsp; 25 & nbsp; January, the troops of the 1st Belorussian Front overcame the Wartowski and & nbsp; Poznan defensive lines and & nbsp; surrounded the 60-thousandth enemy garrison in & nbsp; Poznan.

On January 22 & nbsp; advanced Soviet units reached the Oder, and on February 3 & nbsp; were captured and & nbsp; bridgeheads were firmly held on & nbsp; its western bank in & nbsp; Steinau, Breslau, Oppeln and Kürnest areas. Before & nbsp; Berlin, there were only 60 & ndash; 70 & nbsp; kilometers.

Georgy Zhukov's report to the State Defense Committee from & nbsp; 29 & nbsp; January 1945 is somewhat akin to the victorious reports of Suvorov : “ For & nbsp; 17 & nbsp; days of offensive battles, front troops covered up to & nbsp; 400 & nbsp; kilometers. The entire western part of Poland in the & nbsp; band of the 1st Belorussian Front was cleared of the & nbsp; enemy, and & nbsp; the Polish population, oppressed by the Germans for five and & nbsp; half years, & nbsp; & mdash; released. The rapid advance of troops prevented the Nazis from destroying cities and & nbsp; industrial enterprises, railways and & nbsp; highways, did not & nbsp; make it possible to hijack and & nbsp; exterminate the Polish population, take out cattle and & nbsp; food & raquo ;.

German General von von Mellenthin In & nbsp; in his memoirs he wrote: “ The Russian offensive beyond & nbsp; the Vistula developed with & nbsp; unprecedented strength and & nbsp; swiftness. It is impossible to describe everything that happened between the Vistula and the & nbsp; Oder in the & nbsp; first months of 1945 & nbsp; year. Europe did not & nbsp; know anything like it since & nbsp; the time of the death of the Roman Empire. & Raquo ;.

The capture of Berlin

Paradox, but & nbsp; the pearl of the military leadership of Georgy Zhukov & nbsp; & mdash; Berlin offensive operation & nbsp; & mdash; critics call it extremely unfortunate, accusing the marshal of unreasonably high losses.

Recall that three fronts took part in the & nbsp; Berlin offensive operation: 1st Belorussian (Zhukov), 1st Ukrainian (Konev) and & nbsp; 2nd Belorussian (Rokossovsky).

According to the general plan of the Berlin operation, the following tasks were assigned:

1st Belorussian Front & nbsp; & mdash; seize the capital of Germany, Berlin.

1st Ukrainian Front & nbsp; & mdash; strike a cleaving blow south of Berlin, isolate the main forces of Army Group Center from the & nbsp; Berlin grouping and & nbsp; this to ensure the main blow of the 1st Belorussian Front from the & nbsp; south.

The 2nd Belorussian Front & nbsp; & mdash; deliver a dissecting blow north of Berlin, protecting the right flank of the 1st Belorussian Front from & nbsp; possible enemy counterattacks from the north.

Berlin was defended by an enemy group of & nbsp; 1 & nbsp; a million people, which had 1500 tanks and & nbsp; self-propelled guns, 3300 aircraft and & nbsp; 10 & nbsp; 400 guns and & nbsp; mortars.

The German command reasonably hoped to turn the battle for & nbsp; the capital of the Reich into & nbsp; a protracted battle.

But everything turned out differently. At & nbsp; 5 & nbsp; o'clock in the morning on April 16, artillery preparation began in the & nbsp; band of the 1st Belorussian Front. The enemy's first line of defense was literally swept away. The blow was so strong that the Germans reported the & nbsp; use of new “ unknown weapons '' by the Russians.

In the first one and a half to two hours of the offensive, the Soviet units did not & nbsp; encounter virtually no resistance, however, the Germans managed to recover and & nbsp; met the attackers with powerful fire on the & nbsp; second line of defense.

There is a myth about & nbsp; that Zhukov in vain put a huge number of soldiers in a senseless head-on assault on the Seelow Heights. But & nbsp; the truth is & nbsp; the fact that of the & nbsp; total irretrievable losses of the Red Army in the & nbsp; course of the Berlin operation at & nbsp; Seelow Heights accounted for not & nbsp; more than 5000. The crisis that arose there was resolved by Zhukov's introduction into & nbsp; the battle of the guards tank armies.

p>

As a result, after the fierce battles on April 17 & nbsp; by the morning of April 18 & nbsp; tank and & nbsp; rifle units broke through the defense line on the Seelow Heights, and & nbsp; to & nbsp; to & nbsp; the end of April 19 & nbsp;, having broken through the third defensive strip & nbsp; got the opportunity to develop an offensive on & nbsp; Berlin.

Zhukov and & nbsp; Konev managed to solve one more important problem & nbsp; & mdash; not to allow the strengthening of the Berlin garrison at the expense of the organized retreat of German units. By the & nbsp; evening of 24 & nbsp; April, the formations of the 1st Ukrainian Front entered & nbsp; contact with the & nbsp; troops of the 1st Belorussian Front, thereby encircling the 9th German army southeast of Berlin and & nbsp; cutting it off from & nbsp; the city. The 200,000-strong group of fascists & nbsp; could no longer influence the fate of the Nazi capital, which predetermined a quick end.

Contrary to myths, the use of Soviet tanks directly in the & nbsp; limits of Berlin was justified and & nbsp; effective. The notorious “ faustpatrones '' were dangerous at & nbsp; distances not & nbsp; more than 30 & nbsp; meters, and & nbsp; “ faustics '' successfully destroyed submachine gunners from the & nbsp; composition of the Soviet assault groups. The tactics of using assault groups in & nbsp; city conditions, which appeared in the & nbsp; battles for & nbsp; Stalingrad, by the & nbsp; spring 1945 had been worked out and & nbsp; honed. Therefore, despite & nbsp; all efforts, the Wehrmacht & nbsp; did not succeed in prolonging the Berlin agony.

In fact, a well-fortified city, defended by a group of millions, was taken in & nbsp; two weeks. In & nbsp; during the Berlin offensive operation, the total losses of Soviet troops amounted to 352 & nbsp; 475 & nbsp; people, of & nbsp; them irrecoverable & nbsp; & mdash; 78 & nbsp; 291 & nbsp; people. The losses of the Polish troops amounted to 8,892 & nbsp; people, of & nbsp; them irrecoverable & nbsp; & mdash; 2825 & nbsp; people. The German group defending Berlin lost about 400 & nbsp; thousand killed, another 380 thousand were taken prisoner.

Источник aif.ru

The Constitutional Court of Ukraine does not approve the judges appointed by Zelensky

Formally, the judges of the Constitutional Court explained that there are no vacancies in the court. The judges of the Constitutional Court did not mention the decrees of President Zelensky to cancel the appointment of two judges of the Constitutional Court, but referred to the procedure for the appointment and dismissal of judges of the Constitutional Court from the Constitution

The Constitutional Court of Ukraine

The judges of the Constitutional Court (CC) of Ukraine refused to accept the appointees of President Vladimir Zelensky. This is stated in a message published on the website of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine.

Formally, the decision of the Constitutional Court states that the oath of the judges appointed by the President to the Constitutional Court, Oksana Grishchuk and Alexander Petrishin, will be postponed until vacancies appear in the highest court of the country. places of judges. Zelensky's conflict with the Constitutional Court began in December 2020.

Then Zelensky, by his decree, dismissed the chairman of the Constitutional Court, Alexander Tupitsky. “ I sign this decree to restore justice and resolve the constitutional crisis, '' & mdash; then the head of state explained. The procedure for removing the head of the Constitutional Court by presidential decree is not provided for in the Basic Law of Ukraine. Despite this, the guards stopped allowing Tupitsky to enter the workplace.

On March 27, 2021, Zelensky canceled the 2013 decrees of former President Viktor Yanukovych on the appointment of Alexander Tupitsky and Alexander Kasminin as judges of the Constitutional Court. Such a procedure in relation to judges of the Constitutional Court is not provided for by law; the lawyers then assessed the situation as an excess of his powers by the president. The suspended judges challenge this decision of the president.

On November 26, 2021, Zelensky signed decrees # 596 and # 597 on the appointment of the “ dismissed '' judges Grischuk and Petrishina.

The Ukrainian Constitutional Court consists of 18 judges who are appointed for nine years without the right to reappointment according to quotas: six from the president, six from the Verkhovna Rada and six from the Congress of Judges of Ukraine.

At a meeting on November 30, 2021, the judges of the Constitutional Court decided, that there are no vacancies in the court under the presidential quota.

“ For the period 2013-2018, the President of Ukraine appointed six judges of the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, whose powers have not been terminated and who have not been dismissed from positions on the grounds specified in Art. 149-1 of the Constitution of Ukraine & raquo;, & mdash; stated in the decision of the Constitutional Court.

This article defines the grounds for the termination of powers of judges of the Constitutional Court and their dismissal. Neither the removal from office by a presidential decree, nor the cancellation of the previous decrees by the next president are among such grounds.

In the fall of 2020, the State Bureau of Investigation of Ukraine reported that it had initiated two cases against Tupitsky under articles on treason and illegal alienation of land in Crimea.

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Источник rbc.ru

Duma Deputy Speaker called the ban on the nationality of the offender in the media pressure

According to the Deputy Speaker of the Duma Boris Chernyshov, the proposal to ban the mention of the nationality of criminals in the press is pressure on the media. The head of Chechnya noted earlier that he had not heard balanced comments against the bill

Boris Chernyshov

The Vice-Speaker of the State Duma from the Liberal Democratic Party Boris Chernyshov said on Tuesday evening that the idea of ​​banning the mention of the nationality of criminals in the press is pressure on Mass media and can influence the objectivity of information presentation.

“ People in any country in the world have the right, when reading an article about a crime, to know the nationality of the offender. It doesn't matter & mdash; Russian it will be, Tajik, Chechen, Belarusian, Dagestani, African American, someone else '', & mdash; Chernyshov wrote on Facebook.

In his opinion, a journalist is obliged to be objective and has no right to hide such things from the audience. “ Journalists are required to report on events openly and honestly. I am deeply convinced that it is impossible to put such pressure on the media '', & mdash; Chernyshov added, noting that “ the journalist will find an opportunity to inform the public of what nationality the criminal is. '' “ It is not even necessary to indicate the last name for this, photographs will be enough, '' & mdash; he concluded.

First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Education, Deputy from Fair Russia; Yana Lantratova said on Tuesday that “ manifestations of interethnic hatred on the Internet are evidence of a problem that requires broad discussion, '' noting that she understands well her colleagues from Chechnya.

“ We will achieve little with a simple prohibition in this case. Censorship in Russia is prohibited by law, but by introducing partial restrictions, forbidding to indicate the nationality of criminals, we are essentially carrying out an act of censorship. Because in order to keep the nationality and race of criminals a secret, it will also be necessary to ban the publication of their names and surnames. It will be necessary to prohibit making videos with them and posting photographs. Therefore, before taking such drastic measures, we should carefully weigh all the possible consequences. And the discussion of this topic should be conducted jointly with representatives of the journalistic community '', '' mdash; she concluded.

Bans or restrictions on the media are toxic to any society and state, Lantratova said.

Earlier, the head of the United Editorial Office of RBC, Pyotr Kanaev, wrote on Facebook that RBC would give a legal assessment to the bill banning the indication of the nationality of criminals. According to Kanaev, the initiative for an additional ban on the mention of the nationalities of criminals in order to preserve “ interethnic and interfaith harmony and peace '' redundant, since the law on mass media already prohibits the dissemination of defamatory information on ethnic grounds, and the Constitution prohibits inciting ethnic hatred.

“ I also want international and interfaith peace. But I think that the strategy of hushing up hinders the pursuit of this goal, and does not help. Deal with the situation in detail & mdash; it is the responsibility of the journalist. This is a signal for the state and society that this is impossible, it is necessary to take measures, fix it, try not to allow it anymore, '', & mdash; Kanaev emphasized.

The list of things that cannot be mentioned in the media, in principle, or can be “ only in some crooked Aesopian language with a bunch of disclaimers, is growing at a frantic pace, '' & mdash; Lenta.ru editor-in-chief Vladimir Todorov said on Tuesday. The ban on mentioning the nationality of the criminals was also opposed by Vladimir Dergachev, editor-in-chief of the Internet editorial office of RTVI. Andrey Tsyper, media executive at Rambler & amp; Co, said on Facebook that “ awareness '' it is also the right conclusions about where it is worth increasing the attention of society and the work of the state. ''

At the end of November, the Chechen parliament at the end of November submitted to the State Duma a bill prohibiting the dissemination of information about the nationality, religion and belonging to the peoples of Russia of persons involved in the commission of a crime. The ban must be introduced in order to preserve “ interethnic and interfaith harmony and peace '' on the territory of Russia, the explanatory note says.

In early November, the head of Chechnya Ramzan Kadyrov and RT editor-in-chief Margarita Simonyan argued over whether the nationality of the suspects should be indicated. The reason was the incident in New Moscow. The conflict took place between a man who was with a child at that moment and a group of four natives of the Transcaucasus. Kadyrov then said that the media deliberately focus on the nationality of the suspects when those Caucasians, while in other cases they omit the nationality.

Kadyrov also stressed that he had not heard or read a single “ intelligible, reasoned, a balanced and convincing commentary against this bill, which meets the principles of the national policy of the Russian Federation. ''

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Источник rbc.ru

Poland introduced a ban on the stay of outsiders on the border with Belarus

The Polish authorities have imposed a ban for a period of three months. Restrictions on stay will apply in two voivodeships bordering Belarus. The ban will affect 183 settlements located in a 3-kilometer zone from the border

Polish Minister of Internal Affairs Mariusz Kamiński introduced a three-month ban on the stay of outsiders in the zone bordering Belarus, where a state of emergency was previously in force due to the influx of migrants.

We are talking about 183 settlements, which are located in a 3-kilometer zone from the border with Belarus. In particular, the ban will affect 115 settlements in the Podlaskie Voivodeship and 68 settlements in the Lubelskie Voivodeship. The document signed by the President of the country Andrzej Duda comes into force on December 1 and will remain in effect until March 1 of next year.

The ban does not apply to residents of these territories and persons engaged in economic activities there, as well as performing state functions and participating in religious events. In addition, the ban will not apply to ambulance crews and other emergency services, as well as representatives of security forces who are on duty.

The decision to impose the ban was made on the basis of new amendments to the Law on the State Border, which were approved by the Parliament and the President of Poland on Tuesday, November 30. The provisions of the law now allow introducing a ban on the stay of outsiders in especially vulnerable areas along the republic's border with Belarus, Ukraine and Russia.

The migration crisis on the border of Belarus with Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, where migrants have rushed since the beginning of the year, mainly from the Middle East, sharply escalated on November 8. Several thousand people came from the Belarusian side to the Polish border and set up camp there. Some of them tried to enter Poland by breaking the barbed wire fence. On the same day, Warsaw closed the Kuznitsa border crossing & mdash; “ Bruzgi '', near which migrants gathered.

On November 16, the migrants threw stones at the Polish security forces. After that, Warsaw issued an ultimatum to Minsk and threatened to restrict rail links if the situation did not improve. On November 19, the border committee of Belarus notified Poland that there were no more migrants on the border of the two countries, but Warsaw still limited railway traffic.

Western countries blamed Minsk and Moscow for the migration crisis. Belarus claims that Poland is forcibly expelling migrants to its territory and artificially aggravating the situation with refugees. The Russian authorities deny all accusations of involvement in this crisis.

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Источник rbc.ru

More than 10 thousand soldiers marched to the southern training grounds to participate in winter exercises

Photo: Press Service of the Ministry of Defense

More than 10,000 servicemen gathered in southern Russia to participate in winter exercises. This was reported by the press service of the Southern Military District (YuVO).

A third of the subunits of all formations and military units of the Southern Military District will begin the winter period with field training at 30 combined-arms training grounds.

For the first time maneuvers will be carried out at the Nesterovsky training grounds in Ingushetia and Danilovsky training grounds in the Volgograd region. The personnel will be stationed in the autonomous field camps of the nuclear submarine-500.

The Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Nikolai Patrushev said that no unscheduled exercises of Russian troops are being held near the border with Ukraine. The Ukrainian authorities previously denied information from foreign publications, Patrushev pointed out, about the situation at the border, but changed their minds. We are talking about the Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine Alexei Danilov.

Источник www.mk.ru

Commander of the Armed Forces of Ukraine openly asked for American help

Photo: ruwikipedia

Commander of the Joint Forces of the Ukrainian Armed Forces Serhiy Naev openly asked for American help during a meeting with the Defense Attaché at the Embassy USA in Kiev.

“In order to acquire full operational capabilities, we need your advisory, expert and substantial practical assistance,” Nayev said, to which he received confirmation of the United States' readiness to continue providing appropriate assistance

Kiev received the third batch of US military aid.

The bulk of the new delivery consisted of Javelin anti-tank systems.

The cargo again arrived from Dover airbase in Delaware.

Источник www.mk.ru

The expert explained why Putin called the DPR and LPR “temporarily unrecognized”

“Everything will depend on the degree of escalation of the conflict”

Russian President Vladimir Putin, commenting on Western media reports about Russia's impending attack on Ukraine, once again recalled the “red lines” this DNR and LNR republics that have not yet been recognized. Denis Denisov, head of the Institute for Peacekeeping Initiatives and Conflictology, explained the words of the Russian leader to MK.

Photo: Kremlin.ru.

– So far we do not have any grounds to talk about the imminent recognition of the DPR and LPR by Russia. Another thing is that in the event of some tectonic geopolitical shifts, such a scenario can be effective.

In this case, you need to proceed from what exactly was said and from the context of the situation. Now we see the escalation of the situation around Russian-Ukrainian relations and the escalation of the situation along the line of the European Union-Russia-Belarus. In addition, despite the appearance of a discussion between Russia and the United States on strategic issues, relations between Moscow and Washington are developing quite wildly.

All of this is the basis for Putin's statement. Thus, if the West provokes a conflict between Ukraine and the DPR and LPR or Ukraine with Russia, then Moscow reserves the opportunity to recognize the DPR and LPR as independent states. True, now there is no fundamental difference for their development, whether they are recognized or not.

– And what real changes should happen after this? Does the rest of the world also recognize the DPR and LPR? Or maybe the standard of living in these republics will increase several times, the economic potential will be revealed?

– And who is talking about the acceptance of the DPR and LPR into Russia? Moscow recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, but these states did not become part of Russia. Transnistria still remains unrecognized by the state. So, not everything is linear.

– If there is absolutely reliable information that an invasion or some terrorist acts are being prepared from the territory of Ukraine, then the decision to stop the threat looks completely natural. This can be done pointwise or in some other way. However, now I do not see any reason to talk about the actual development of such a scenario. The provocation must be the wildest. In addition, no matter what Ukraine does, everyone understands perfectly well that Russia will be guilty, and the consequences will be dire, from disconnecting SWIFT to the very outskirts.

Источник www.mk.ru

Military expert appreciated the increase in the level of combat readiness of the US Army and NATO

American-Russian relations have rolled back to the Cold War era

The US and NATO have raised their armed forces' combat readiness level from 5 to 4 on November 30. This decision was taken by the United States in connection with the tense situation on the Ukrainian border. Military expert and political scientist Ivan Konovalov told the MK correspondent what NATO wanted to tell Russia with this action.

Photo: Pixabay.com.

– The fifth level of the DEFCON US Armed Forces readiness scale corresponds to peacetime. It looks like the US has decided that now is no longer a time of peace. At the fourth level, all special services, including military intelligence, become more active. During the Cold War, when the US and NATO confronted the USSR and its allies, this level of readiness was the main one.

– In fact, yes. Unfortunately, in many respects, relations between America and Russia have rolled back almost to the time of the Cuban missile crisis. This is primarily due to the policy of the United States, which is beginning to build its Armed Forces under the Cold War model.

– The Russian Federation has a whole range of countermeasures. They have long been included in the programs for the construction and development of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. All this is a response to the troubled situation in Ukraine, the deployment of NATO troops along the Russian and Belarusian borders, the West's interest in the Arctic, ”the political scientist explained. – The main thing in this situation is not to be nervous. Fortunately, the Russian Ministry of Defense knows exactly how to respond to such provocations.

Military expert Alexei Leonkov discussed the deteriorating relations between the West and Russia on Telegram: “In Europe, the degree of hysteria continues to rise, talking about Russia's aggression, while Poland and Ukraine are moving their military units to the borders of Belarus. The likelihood of a full-scale conflict on the line of a combat clash has risen to maximum values, the military expert warned. – There will be no Third World War, because fortunately, neither the United States nor NATO has suicides willing to do this. But local conflict is still possible. Now the main thing for Western countries is to provoke Russia to retaliate. If this happens, the United States and Great Britain will have an excuse to subjugate all of Europe, in order to then use it as an obedient instrument against Russia and China. ”

Источник www.mk.ru

Germany’s ruling coalition promises visa-free travel for young Russians

The new ruling coalition of Germany plans to significantly revise the country's laws on citizenship and migration. The new legislative initiatives are outlined in a 177-page coalition agreement that was presented last week, DW clarifies.

So, in the section that concerns the countries of Eastern Europe and Russia, representatives of the government coalition of Germany noted the possibility of introducing visa-free entry into the country for Russians under 25 years old. According to German politicians, such a measure should support the development of civil society in the Russian Federation.

“We oppose the comprehensive restrictions on civil and democratic freedoms and expect that the Russian authorities will provide civil society with the opportunity to freely maintain ties with German partners … Our the goal is to create the possibility of visa-free entry from Russia to Germany for especially important target groups, including young people under the age of 25, “the document states.

Recall that the ruling coalition of Germany includes: Social Democratic Party Germany (SPD), Union 90/Greens, and the Free Democratic Party (FDP).

Источник www.mk.ru

Steps to a dream. Lera Abakumova returned after treatment in Germany

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 48. Not cheap help 01/12/2021

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Lera Abakumova , a cancer survivor in childhood, returned home after treatment in Germany and graduated from school with a gold medal.

At the graduation party, she flaunted in a light evening dress, imperceptibly leaning on one cane. There used to be two of these canes. And even earlier, Lera could not walk normally at all: due to an incorrectly installed prosthesis, the left leg became 12 cm shorter than the right. & Nbsp;

You helped the Abakumovs raise money for an operation to install a new prosthesis (instead of removed bone tissue) and rehabilitation abroad. And now Lera finally lets go of the last support and walks around the apartment without crutches at all. Legs difference & ndash; 2 cm, offset by a thick insole. Now Lera has two dreams: to go to study in Germany in order to be closer to the doctor who is supposed to observe her after the operation, and to throw out the cane. Lera is learning German and studying at the & shy; re-center. She will succeed.

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In Moscow on December 1, it is expected up to three degrees of frost

Cloudy weather and light snow are predicted in the & nbsp; Russian capital on Wednesday, December 1, the official & nbsp; website of the & nbsp; Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

Black ice '', – it is noted & nbsp; in the message.

During the day, the air temperature in the city will be from minus one to minus three degrees. Atmospheric pressure & ndash; 728 millimeters of & nbsp; mercury column.

West and south-west winds at a speed of & nbsp; from seven to 12 meters per second. & Nbsp; In some places its gusts can reach 15 meters per second.

В cloudy weather with clearings is expected in Moscow on Thursday night. Light snow is forecasted in some places. In addition, forecasters warned residents of the capital about icy conditions.

Thermometer columns may drop to minus nine degrees. The wind is west at a speed of & nbsp; from six to 11 meters per second.

On Tuesday, November 30, & nbsp; it rained heavily in & nbsp; Moscow. According to weather forecasters, this day became & nbsp; the wettest in the last 69 years. In addition, an absolute daily record of precipitation was set in the Moscow region on the last day of autumn.

Источник aif.ru

Exercises with the participation of more than ten thousand military began in the south of Russia

More than ten thousand servicemen of motorized rifle formations of the Southern Military District marched to the training grounds in the south of the Russian Federation, where winter exercises will take place, the press service of the Southern Military District reports.

winter training period for the new academic year about a third of all formations and military units of the district, & nbsp; – said in the message.

The exercises will be held at more than 30 combined-arms training grounds. The maneuvers & nbsp; for the first time will involve & nbsp; Nesterovsky (Ingushetia) & nbsp; and Danilovsky (Volgograd region) test sites.

It is also reported that autonomous field camps APL-500 have been deployed on the basis of the main test sites.

Earlier it was reported that & nbsp; Russian servicemen in joint exercises with the Pakistani military for the first time used the “ Smart House '' mining option. ASEAN.

Источник aif.ru

The roads are different, the goal is the same. How do young people come to ICT?

Digitalization is rapidly penetrating all spheres of life, and now not only large companies, but also medium-sized businesses need their own IT specialists. Now the country lacks 300 thousand employees in the field of ICT, despite the fact that almost all technical universities train specialists, bachelors and masters in this field.

Young people have already caught the trend, as well as appreciated the fact that here you can count on decent salaries. And the area itself is very attractive for people born in the era of gadgets. Therefore, many go or intend to go there. But which way?

After school & ndash; to the university

Vitaly Sergeev from Stavropol after school he entered the university, choosing digital security. While still a student, he began working in a company that installs security systems at production facilities. And I realized that I did the right thing, because the work has also become an additional education & ndash; he learned practical skills from senior colleagues with experience. 6 years have passed, and now he himself has become a specialist who takes “ under his wing '' youth.

Finish school, choose a specialty and enter a university & ndash; this is the most common way of obtaining professional education, which operates in various fields, including ICT.

But you need to understand that the university & ndash; it is always more of a theory, and practice begins after. Of course, many universities today are calibrating study programs to meet the needs of future employers of their graduates. But ICT & ndash; such a field that is developing by leaps and bounds, and it is difficult to keep up with it.

Some universities have joint programs with major IT players. Having enrolled in such a program, the student is already closer to practice, and after training can even count on employment in a leading company. For example, Mail.Ru & nbsp; Group cooperates in this way with 7 universities. The InfoWatch Group of Companies, as well as foreign IT giants represented in Russia: Microsoft, Huawei, also have programs.

The latter, in particular, has been expanding its “ ICT Academy '' since 2015. This is an educational cooperation program that the company offers to educational institutions around the world. In recent years, more than 4 thousand students have been trained on it. In Russia, 70 universities and colleges have joined the program. It includes courses in networking, storage, cloud computing, artificial intelligence. And last year a new direction appeared – & mdash; Cloud Service Architect. It & ndash; about working with public clouds.

Within the framework of the program, not only students study, but also teachers & ndash; everyone gets the opportunity to pass exams and become holders of the international certificate of one of the leaders of the global ICT industry.

However, large companies usually cooperate with well-known universities. Therefore, not all young people, especially from the regions, can undergo training in them. And not all new IT specialists, especially from the regions, are going to work in flagship companies. Many will be satisfied with a more modest scale.

In this case, Vitaly's path seems to be the most effective. Regional medium-sized companies will welcome a young promising student who, after graduation, will stay here to work.

This is if we consider the situation as an individual. And if we are talking about the country as a whole, then the university stream does not cover the need for IT specialists. Annually, Russian universities and technical schools graduate more than 80 thousand of them, and the need for a year increases by 95 thousand people. In the next 4 years, their number, as suggested in the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications, should increase 2 times – & mdash; up to 1 million people. But this will not cover the staff shortage.

And if there is no friend?

Igor Anikeev from Moscow he entered the university, like many of his peers: where did my mother say. Graduated. But work in the specialty “ economics and finance of the enterprise '' did not inspire him in any way. For some time he was lost with restlessness, but then a friend-programmer offered to work in pairs. I taught him the basics, and Igor began to help him in his work, simultaneously immersing himself more and more in this area and improving his knowledge and skills. Two years have passed, he began to work independently, and today, after another two years, he realizes that he has already reached a good professional level.

This is also the way many children come to ICT. But only those who have programmer friends who are ready to share knowledge, devote time to a friend, and even capable of teaching. And if there is no such friend?

In addition, we all understand that you cannot “ recharge '' knowledge once for a lifetime. And in such an industry as ICT, where innovations appear literally every day, even more so. Therefore, you need not only to constantly improve your professional level, but also to understand which sources are better to use for this, i.e. be good at focusing on the field of educational opportunities in the IT field.

Learn from leaders

Alexey Kozakov from Voronezh went to ICT in school & ndash; in parallel with his studies, he went to programming courses. By the time he graduated from school, he already had orders. Having decided that in classical universities he will no longer be able to get the level of knowledge that he needs, the guy went the other way & ndash; passed distance courses of Yandex and Mail.Ru & nbsp; Group. “ Diploma of a well-known large company & ndash; in our field, this is more abruptly than a university diploma, '' he believes.

Indeed, companies that set the tone in the market form programs with practical cases, show current trends in technology development, expand horizons, enriching IT people with the ability to see and think big.

In addition, they organize hackathons and other types of competitions between young professionals and students, and these events become not only an incentive to advance in the profession, but also a good opportunity to improve their professional level in preparation for them.

This November alone, more than 20 major hackathons took place, including in the field of artificial intelligence and big data analysis, the creation of corporate services, software products, and smart products. drones, and even the first hackathon in Russia dedicated to the development of objects for the metaverse. Their organizers were Skolkovo and BIA TECHNOLOGIES, the production companies Rosneft and Evraz, VTB and Home Credit banks, government agencies and ANO Russia & ndash; a country of opportunities & raquo ;, others.

Stage 1 of the Eurasian competition Huawei & nbsp; Cup & nbsp; 2021, which has been held in Russia by the international IT giant since 2015, has also ended. Their scale and popularity among Russian IT specialists is evidenced by their participation: over 20 thousand students and young specialists from Russia and Eurasian countries.

The children are attracted in these competitions by the relevance of the proposed directions, because the company annually changes the list of nominations so that they correspond to the most advanced trends in the field of ICT. This time, the most popular nominations were: technologies and protocols of IP networks (10 & nbsp; 116 participants), models and methods of artificial intelligence (9 & nbsp; 981), design of Huawei mobile applications (9 & nbsp; 740), technologies and standards of new generation mobile communications ( 8 & nbsp; 466), data center components (8 & nbsp; 302), ICT browser (5 & nbsp; 715).

In addition, everyone has the opportunity to thoroughly prepare for the competition, as the company opened a free online school with access to the lectures of their experts, as well as all educational materials and assignments & nbsp; to prepare for & nbsp; certification exams, which are taken by employees.

By the way, students of classical universities use the opportunity to immerse themselves in the profession in this way. The organizers provided AiF statistics of participants & ndash; the most thoroughly presented at the competition (in descending order): Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics, MIREA, St. Petersburg State University of Telecommunications named after prof. Bonch-Bruevich, Moscow State Technical University Bauman, Ural Federal University, ITMO, St. Petersburg, Moscow State University Lomonosov, Volga State University of Telecommunications and Informatics, Samara, Higher School of Economics, Kazan Federal University. Huawei has established partnerships with many of them.

Источник aif.ru