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Shoigu presented awards to the best military journalists

Work next to feat

The All-Russian Press Festival “Media-As 2021” was held on November 18 at the National Center for Defense Management. Among the winners of the prestigious award were correspondents of the Moskovsky Komsomolets newspaper.

Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

Competition among the best journalists was organized by order of Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu. And for the seventh year now, it has been gathering representatives of this profession from all over Russia, whose activities are closely related to the Armed Forces.

Media-As was held in nine nominations. Among them are such as “ Best Shots '' – Best News Report, The Power of Words – for the best material in print media, “ Lightning '' – for the best work in news agencies, “ At the forefront of the attack '' – for the best material in the regional media. The winners were awarded personally by Sergei Shoigu and his deputies.

“ Your work, it is, I wanted to say, is almost a feat, in many respects next to a feat, and sometimes indeed a feat. We became open for you, we trusted you, and you justified this trust, so thank you for your work. I hope that we will continue to do the same, step by step, although judging by the seven-year anniversary, we have seven-league steps that we are taking. Our army has a face and strength. There are people who, not only on these screens, but also in other places, carry out their tasks. We saw only part of the work that our guys are doing, and you are by their side. You don’t help, but you do the work with them, ”the minister said in his address to the participants and guests of the festival.

Award from the hands of the minister in the category “ Best Personnel '' for the documentary Syria. The path to peace '' received Olga Belova, host of the final program “The main thing with Olga Belova.” ; “>

See the related photo gallery

First Deputy Defense Minister Ruslan Tsalikov and editor-in-chief of the newspaper Moskovsky Komsomolets Pavel Gusev was presented with a diploma and a commemorative statuette to the head of the united editorial board of RBC Petr Kanaev, who became a laureate in the Lightning nomination.

Observer of Moskovsky Komsomolets; Mikhail Rostovsky with a colleague from Rossiyskaya Gazeta columnist Igor Elkov received well-deserved awards in the Power of Word nomination.

For his debut in the field of military journalism in the Breakthrough nomination were marked by the observer of the news agency “ Regnum '' Nikita Tretyakov and the correspondent of the newspaper Moskovsky Komsomolets Elina Moshkova. & nbsp;

Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

“ Dear colleagues, you have an award for the best debut. This is & nbsp; like the first month in military service, – the first deputy of ITAR-TASS Mikhail Gusman congratulated the laureates. – You still have ahead of you. ” text-align: center; “>

Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova


Urgant ridiculed Rashkin’s confession of poaching: the elk is “to blame”

The presenter believes that the deputy is worthy of the Nobel Prize

TV presenter Ivan Urgant in his program joked about the recognition of the State Duma deputy from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Valery Rashkin, who announced on the eve that he had really shot a moose in the Saratov region .

Photo: Gennady Cherkasov

found the carcass of a dead elk. And in his confession, the parliamentarian said that he confused the animal with a wild boar.

“Because the moose is to blame, there was no need to stand and sing Hakuna Matata. Anyone would be confused. You know how they watch The Lion King in the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, “said Urgant, addressing co-host Dmitry Khrustalev.

The host joked about the video itself, in which Rashkin confesses to poaching.

“This is classic Russian literature. This is Turgenev, this is almost Paustovsky, “the presenter said, expressing regret that another person had already received the Nobel Prize in Literature.

At the end of October, the car in which Rashkin was in was stopped in the Saratov region by the police and an employee of the hunting committee. A cut moose carcass was found in the trunk of the car.

Initially, the deputy claimed that he had accidentally found the carcass in the forest and was going to take the moose to law enforcement agencies. However, the other day he released a video in which he said that he confused an elk with a wild boar.

Earlier it became known that the Duma had submitted a proposal to deprive Rashkin of his parliamentary immunity. Russian Prosecutor General Igor Krasnov made a corresponding petition.

Rashkin recorded a video message about the scandalous hunt: “The body of an elk is lying down”

Watch the video on the topic


The United States said that it can “guaranteed” to destroy the “Nord Stream-2”

The Bloomberg columnist said that it could lead to a stop in the transit of gas through the pipeline.

In the United States, they told in which case the gas pipeline & # 8220; Nord Stream-2 & # 8221; threatened with destruction.

Columnist Leonid Bershidsky writes about this in a Bloomberg article.

According to him, the transit of fuel through the pipeline will be stopped if Russia fully invades Ukraine.

As a result, according to the publicist, the project will be completely stopped.

& # 8220; & # 8221; Nord Stream 2 & # 8243; will certainly be destroyed if Russia takes a full-scale attack on Ukraine & # 8221;, & # 8211; noted the journalist.

He suggested that a smaller operation by Russia could shift the date of gas transit, and Washington will certainly take advantage of this to win a rem to get arguments in favor of stopping the gas pipeline.

At the same time, Bershidsky believes that today the United States & # 8220; almost lost & # 8221; the battle with the Russian gas pipeline, and Moscow plans to & # 8220; unleash a war & # 8221; because of an interest in economic cooperation with the EU.

Earlier, TopNews wrote that, according to media reports, Germany may close & # 8220; Nord Stream-2 & # 8221; forever.

Journalists noted that this could happen on May 9th.


Unscheduled increase in minimum wages and living wages in 2022 will affect 16 million Russians

Deputy Prime Minister Golikova announced social payments in 2022, which will affect 16 million Russians. Meanwhile, as early as December 1, 2021, the PFR will increase payments to three categories of pensioners.

Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova clarified how the minimum wage and the cost of living in the Russian Federation will increase, disclosing the details of indexation, which was previously announced by Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Recall that on the eve he proposed to increase next year them by 8.6%, outstripping the growth of inflation.

In the draft budget for 2022, this figure was only 2.5%. Thus, the size of the minimum wage (minimum wage) will be 13 890 rubles, the subsistence level & # 8211; 12 654 rubles.

According to Golikova, the increased indexation will affect 16 million citizens of the Russian Federation, because the size of these payments determines the size of almost all other social benefits, including child benefits, sick leave benefits, regional supplements to residents' pensions, and many others.

She also clarified that the growth of the minimum wage will affect the salaries of 3 million Russians. Local authorities will be able to provide the growth of indicators with money mostly from the federal budget, as well as from the WBF and their own, but in a smaller amount.

It is reported that the government will allocate about 30 billion rubles to increase the minimum wage and the living wage.

According to forecasts of the Bank of Russia, inflation will reach 7.4 & # 8211; 7.9%, but the rise in food prices reached 10.89% in October, RIA Novosti said.

The Pension Fund also said that this year, from December 1, three categories of Russian pensioners will be able to receive increased payments.

As reported by with reference to information received from the department, these will include:

  • retirees who quit last August. They will be recalculated, and for three months they will receive an additional pension. There is no need to apply for this, as well as to apply personally: the recalculation is done automatically based on the data received from the employer.
  • retirees who turned 80 in November last year. Their fixed pension payment will double.
  • Russians who have submitted an application to the PFR branch with a request to recalculate pension savings, as well as documents proving their right to increase cash security.

Earlier Topnews wrote that the Pension Fund explained how to get a one-time payment from pension savings.

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Rain with sleet is expected in Moscow on November 19

Precipitation in the form of rain with sleet & nbsp; is predicted in the & nbsp; Russian capital on Friday, November 19, the official & nbsp; website of the & nbsp; Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

Cloudy. In some places it is icy, '' the message says.

During the day, the air temperature in the city will be from one to three degrees Celsius. Southwest wind at a speed of & nbsp; from six to 11 meters per second. & Nbsp; Atmospheric pressure will be 740 millimeters & nbsp; mercury. & Nbsp;

On Saturday night in Moscow, it is expected from minus one to one degree Celsius. Cloudiness, sleet and precipitation in the form of rain and sleet are also predicted.

Atmospheric pressure will be 733 millimeters of mercury. West wind with a speed of & nbsp; from three to 12 meters per second. & Nbsp;

Formerly a leading employee of the Phobos meteorological center Evgeny Tishkovets said that on Saturday, November 20, up to a quarter of the monthly rainfall will fall in Central Russia. According to him, it will be one of the worst wet snowfalls in the last 73 years.


A rare copy of the American constitution sold at auction for $ 43 million

One of the first printed copies of the US Constitution was sold at Sotheby's New York auction for $ 43.17 million, reports TASS.

The six-page document is reported to be was adopted at the convention in Philadelphia on September 17, 1787.

Initially, experts estimated the lot at $ 15-20 million, but the final price was more than doubled.

Earlier it was reported that the first pair of sneakers designed by Nike for basketball player Michael Jordan was auctioned in Las Vegas for a record $ 1.47 million for this shoe type.

As noted by representatives of the auction house Sotheby & # 39; s, Jordan first came out to play in these shoes in the fifth game of the 1984 NBA regular season.


In Germany, more than 50 thousand cases of coronavirus infection were again detected per day

Plot of a new type of coronavirus pandemic that spread from China

The Robert Koch Institute reported that the number of confirmed new cases of coronavirus infection in Germany increased by 52 & nbsp; 970 per day, reports TASS.

It is reported that from the consequences of the coronavirus disease COVID -19 in 24 hours 201 patients died.

Since the beginning of the epidemic, the infection has been detected in 5,248,291 residents of Germany. 4,588,200 people have recovered. It is noted that the total number of deaths for the entire time of the pandemic in the country reached 98,739.

Earlier it was reported that & nbsp; in Russia, the incidence of COVID-19 has decreased. At the same time, Moscow demonstrates the best indicators. It was also noted that the incidence of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza has decreased in Russia. These results were achieved thanks to general preventive measures, including the introduction of non-working days. At the same time, the growth rate of vaccination has increased in the Russian Federation. & Nbsp;


Migration of red crabs in Australia

A massive migration of red crabs has begun in Australia. On Christmas Island, about 50 million endemic red crabs (Gecarcoidea natalis) move from the jungle to the ocean to breed.

Christmas Island is located 1,600 kilometers northwest of mainland Australia in the Indian Ocean. During the migration period, tens of millions of crabs move both through forests and along highways. For their safety, temporary bridges have been built, and some routes are completely blocked to allow crabs to pass. Migration of crabs begins during the rainy season, usually in October or November. Crabs need about 18 days to reach the shore.

The beginning of the migration is determined by the phase of the moon. Red crabs always appear before dawn during receding tide in the last quarter of the moon © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

Red crabs are a type of earth crabs with a rich natural orange-red color, found only on Christmas Island © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Often the path of crabs also passes through residential areas. © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

Because of crabs, roads are blocked, and dozens of volunteers are watching their safe movement © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

© Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Australians treat crustaceans with care and even build special bridges for them across roads © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

This year crabs are expected to reach the coast by the end of November © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Male crabs go ahead and reach the ocean coast first © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

There, red crabs spawn, after which the males return to the jungle, and the females remain on the coast for several more weeks. © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

The beginning of the migration is determined by the phase of the moon. Red crabs always appear before dawn during receding tide in the last quarter of the moon © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

Red crabs are a type of earth crabs with a rich natural orange-red color, found only on Christmas Island © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Often the path of crabs also passes through residential areas © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

Because of crabs, roads are blocked, and dozens of volunteers are watching their safe movement © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

© Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Australians treat crustaceans with care and even build special bridges for them across roads © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS

This year crabs are expected to reach the coast by the end of November © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Male crabs go ahead and reach the ocean coast first © Screenshot Youtube/Parks Australia

Red crabs spawn there, after which the males return to the jungle, while the females remain on the coast for several weeks © Reuters/Parks Australia via REUTERS


Why did Stalin’s great-grandson demand the exhumation of the remains of the leader of the USSR?

Lawyer & nbsp; Yulia Verbitskaya-Linnik , representing the interests of Joseph Stalin's great-grandson, & nbsp; Selim Bensaad , sent a petition to the Moscow Kremlin Commandant's Service to exhume Stalin's remains. & nbsp ;

In this document, the great-grandson of the secretary general demands to reburial Stalin & nbsp; from a burial near the Kremlin & nbsp; at the Novodevichy cemetery. This was reported to RIA Novosti by the press attaché of Stalin's great-grandson & nbsp; Vadim Gorzhankin . & Nbsp; & nbsp;

What does the statement say?

In a statement that was & nbsp; sent on November 18 & nbsp; at 11 Manezhnaya Street, Stalin's great-grandson & nbsp; Bensaad Selim Khosinovich asks & nbsp; to consider the possibility of exhumating the remains. & Nbsp; In accordance with Articles 1, 6, 7 of the Federal Law “ On Burial and funeral business '', the Russian Federation establishes guarantees for the burial of the deceased, taking into account the expression of the will expressed during life and the wishes of his relatives.

Stalin's relative attached a birth certificate to the document, proving family ties. & nbsp;

Why does the great-grandson insist on the exhumation? & nbsp;

The great-grandson asks to fulfill the posthumous will of the secretary general and wants to find out the official cause of Stalin's death, says the press attaché. According to Gorzhankin, during his lifetime, Stalin repeatedly asked to be buried at the Novodevichy cemetery, where the ashes of his second wife Nadezhda Alillueva rest. However, his posthumous will was not fulfilled. & Nbsp; Now Selim insists on reburying his great-grandfather in this & nbsp; cemetery. & Nbsp;

Selim believes (and this is true) that the posthumous will of his great-grandfather was not fulfilled. Let me remind you that in 1953, the sarcophagus with Stalin's body was placed in the Mausoleum, on Red Square in Moscow '', & mdash; Gorzhankin quoted the lawyer's words, pointing out that in 1961 the remains of the Soviet leader were secretly reburied at the foot of the Kremlin wall without any consent of his relatives.

Who is & nbsp; Selim Bensaad?

Selim Bensaad & mdash; & nbsp; the grandson of Stalin's son Yakov Dzhugashvili , who was captured and died during the Great Patriotic War in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. & nbsp; Selim was born in the union of his daughter & nbsp; Galina Dzhugashvili & nbsp; and the citizen of Algeria Hosin Bensaad , whom Galina met in Moscow. In 1971 they had a son. As a result of the mistake of obstetricians, the child received a serious injury to the facial nerve, and later it turned out that he suffers from a progressive disease of the hearing organs. The child's mother turned to Brezhnev with a request to release her and Selim to France for examination at the clinic, where his hearing could be saved. But these requests were not satisfied. & Nbsp; The Council of Ministers of the USSR decided to provide treatment for the child at home, but it was not possible to save his hearing.

In 1988, Selim was first allowed to go abroad, to his relatives in Algeria. However, his relationship with his father did not work out. In 1991, when a change of government took place in Algeria and the Islamization of the country began, Selim's father moved to Russia.

Earlier it was reported that Selim was actually homeless after a conflict with his father. A descendant of the Soviet leader claims that at one time he was forced to spend the night in his own car after his father changed the locks in the Moscow apartment in which he is registered. As noted by the press attaché, the conflict in the family intensified due to the release of the book, one of the authors of which was Bensaad Jr. & nbsp;

According to Gorzhankin, the & nbsp; book & nbsp; Secrets of the Stalin Family, written by & nbsp; Russian-American journalist Lana Parshina , author of the books The Death of Hitler '', 'The Secret of the Stalin Family. Confession of the last of Dzhugashvili '' and Selim Bensaad, contains information about Stalin's will. & nbsp;

According to Parshina, before her death, Galina Dzhugashvili signed a will, according to which she transferred all her property to her husband Hosin Bensaad, who lives at the address that she had occupied since 1947. After the death of his mother, Selim, in order to have access to the apartment where he was born and raised, was forced to conclude an amicable agreement, according to which he could not even use an electric kettle. In 2008, Selim managed to sue the obligatory share in his mother's apartment in court. But & nbsp; Bensaad Sr. changed the locks in the Moscow apartment in which Selim is registered.

Now Stalin's great-grandson lives in Ryazan & nbsp; in a house on Novatorov Street. & Nbsp; On the recommendation of lawyer Yulia Verbitskaya, he left there in 2019. Together with his wife, they live with the wife's parents.


NASA says a potentially dangerous asteroid is moving towards Earth

Potentially dangerous asteroid 2016 JG12 will fly near the Earth on November 20. This is reported by the NASA Center for the Study of Near-Earth Objects.

The report says that the space object will fly close to the planet at a distance of 5.5 million kilometers. The asteroid's speed is 7.48 kilometers per second.

It is noted that the size of 2016 JG12 ranges from 83 to 190 meters. According to the British edition of the Daily Star, the size of the celestial body exceeds the size of the London Eye.

The space object was first discovered on May 3, 2016. NASA believes that the asteroid will fly close to Earth several times over the next decades. However, in the future it will no longer be as close to the planet as in November 2021.

Earlier, representatives of the Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics said that the potentially dangerous asteroid 2021 UL17 was heading towards Earth. According to the agency, the celestial object flew past the Earth on November 11 this year.


Educational experience. Registration for the online conference has opened

Registration for EdCrunch Glocal & mdash; the largest conference on new technologies in education, which goes to the global level. In 2021, it will be held on December 7 & ndash; 8 online with local studios in Moscow, Almaty, Tel Aviv and Singapore.

Conference topic & mdash; 'Designing New Educational Experiences' (Learning experience design). Leading experts from all over the world will share best practices in the field of pedagogical design, discuss the future of education and the impact of new technologies, scientific achievements in the field of education, in order to convey original ideas and discoveries to a wide audience.

Experts on education & nbsp;

The conference program traditionally consists of 5 tracks: early childhood, school of the 21st century, digital university, corporate learning and the EdTech industry. In total, more than 300 speakers from 25 countries are expected to take part in 150 events: expert sessions, speeches, panel discussions and master classes.

Author of the world bestseller “ How to Raise a Successful Person '', Google consultant, mother of three daughters Esther Wojcicki , will advise you on how to set your child up for achievement from childhood. She calls her pedagogical approach 5C: self-confidence, self-respect, independence, cooperation, cordiality.

World renowned neuroscientist, author of Good Anxiety Wendy Suzuki will discuss how to harness the strengths of negative emotions and explain how to turn anxious feelings into productive ones. & Nbsp;

Tony Wagner Research Fellow at the Center for Educational Innovation at Harvard University strong> teaches you how to nurture a generation of innovators Nils Floor will reveal its relevance and importance to digital learning.

The CEO of the world's largest online education platform Coursera Jeff Magionkalda will bring up the skills and work of the future.

'EdCrunch Goal' help everyone in self-realization through effective training, & mdash; program director of the conference, director of the center, NUST & bdquo; MISIS & ldquo; Nurlan Kiyasov … & mdash; Conference & mdash; an attempt to reach our goal. We invite the world's best experts & mdash; from teachers and politicians to eminent researchers and developers, to convey their original ideas and discoveries to a wide audience. The questions are so important that the best ideas should not be allowed to remain within the lecture hall, classroom, or bookshelf. They need to be found and supported, they need to be shared and discussed, accepted and improved. Investors and founders, politicians and philanthropists, educators, students and anyone interested in gaining new educational experiences should be at this conference. ''

Digital Technologies in Education

As a result of the conference, participants will be able to gain practical experience in different areas and find answers to the following questions: how to choose a methodology for early development for preschoolers and not get confused in their diversity; how to tame digital technologies and turn gadgets into an accelerator of children's abilities; how EdTech companies scale their business without losing quality; how to attract investments and effectively invest them in different education systems: from preschool to continuous education. The speakers will also discuss such topics as: the potential of new technologies in education & mdash; from voice assistants to artificial intelligence; revolutionary formats of school education in the post-view era; neurobiology as the basis for maximum efficiency; educational advice from the media, entertainment, sports industry; as well as global and local trends.

For 8 years, the event has become the largest conference in Europe on new technologies in education. In 2021, EdCrunch will further expand its geography and enter the global level: online broadcasting around the world with the connection of speakers from local studios in Moscow, Almaty, Tel Aviv and Singapore. For the first time, the main face-to-face part will take place at the site in Almaty (Kazakhstan). Participation for representatives of state educational organizations traditionally remains free.

The organizers are Akimat of Almaty city, Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools, educational online platform “ Open School '' with the support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan. & nbsp;

The first EdCrunch conference was held in 2014 in Moscow with the support of NUST MISIS. Headliner is Daphne Koller, founder of Coursera. The event was attended by 1,500 people. The agenda of the first conference was focused on digital technologies and new approaches in higher education. Over the next years, more and more levels of education were covered – & mdash; preschool, school, higher, corporate & mdash; and direction for startups. & nbsp;

Today the conference is held in a mixed format & mdash; face-to-face and online with online studios from several countries of the world.

Specially developed in the context of the pandemic, the interactive EdCrunch platform allows you to view sessions in parallel channels, create your own schedule, receive recommendations for relevant sessions and contacts of potentially useful participants based on information in the user profile. All participants can ask questions to speakers during and after live speeches, correspond in personal and general chats with other users, get acquainted with EdTech products and their creators at a virtual exhibition. For activity on the platform, members receive points and can earn prizes: from a Spotify subscription to a MacBook Air.


XV International Forum and Exhibition “Transport of Russia”

The XV International Forum and Exhibition “ Transport of Russia '', held as part of the main event of the year in the industry & ndash; Transport week. Within the framework of the forum, a plenary discussion “ Transport of Russia & ndash; 2035. From the strategy & ndash; for implementation '.

XV International Forum and Exhibition' Transport of Russia ' are held from 16 to 18 November in Moscow. A set of events on the problems of the transport industry is planned, including industry sessions and conferences on modes of transport. & Nbsp;

Participants of the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Visitors at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Visitor and participant at the stand of the Central Suburban Passenger Company at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Minister of Transport and Highways of the Samara Region Ivan Pivkin (second from left) at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Visitors at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Participants of the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Exhibit at the Russian Railways stand at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Participants of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Exhibit at the Russian Railways stand at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

A visitor at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Participants of the plenary discussion “Transport of Russia – 2035. From strategy to implementation” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Andrey Belousov at the plenary discussion “Transport of Russia – 2035. From Strategy to Implementation” at the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” in Gostiny Dvor © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Aide to the President of the Russian Federation Igor Levitin (left) and Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Marat Khusnullin at the plenary discussion “Transport of Russia – 2035. From strategy to implementation” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Plenary discussion “Transport of Russia – 2035. From strategy to implementation” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Participants of the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Participants of the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Visitors at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Visitor and participant at the stand of the Central Suburban Passenger Company at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Minister of Transport and Highways of the Samara Region Ivan Pivkin (second from left) at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Visitors at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Participants of the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Exhibit at the Russian Railways stand at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Participants of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Exhibit at the Russian Railways stand at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Visitor at the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Participants of the plenary discussion “Transport of Russia – 2035. From strategy to implementation” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Andrey Belousov at the plenary discussion “Transport of Russia – 2035. From Strategy to Implementation” at the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” in Gostiny Dvor © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Aide to the President of the Russian Federation Igor Levitin (left) and Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Marat Khusnullin at the plenary discussion “Transport of Russia – 2035. From strategy to implementation” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Plenary discussion “Transport of Russia – 2035. From strategy to implementation” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich

Participants of the exhibition of the XV International Forum “Transport of Russia” © RIA Novosti/Vladimir Astapkovich


The era of mercy: yesterday and today. The anniversary of the ESPO Foundation was celebrated in Moscow

On November 16, in the White Hall of the City Hall (Palace of the Moscow Governor-General) & nbsp; the 10th anniversary of the Foundation for Assisting the Revival of the Traditions of Charity and Charity Elisabeth-Sergius Educational Society was solemnly celebrated. & nbsp;

The meeting was timed & nbsp; to the 130th anniversary of the adoption of Orthodoxy by Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna & nbsp; and the 130th anniversary of the appointment of Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich as Moscow Governor-General. It was here, on Tverskaya 13, in 1891 & ndash; 1904 lived a Grand Ducal couple. Benefactors, patrons and devotees of mercy. & Nbsp;

Photo: provided by the organizers

The basis for the development of the city then and today

The participants & nbsp; high gathering on this day were philanthropists and curators, associates and like-minded people & ndash; all those who supported the fund in the implementation of ambitious projects. Among them & ndash; & nbsp; Chairman of the Imperial Orthodox Palestinian Society & nbsp; Sergei Stepashin , spouses Elena (producer, creator of documentaries) and Zurab (general director of the St. Basil the Great Foundation) Chavchavadze, ballerina Ilze Liepa , historian and political scientist Natalia Narochnitskaya , general director of the Tretyakov Gallery & nbsp ; Zelfira & nbsp; Tregulova , & nbsp; former Minister of Communications & nbsp; and Mass Communications of Russia, now & ndash; & nbsp; Plenipotentiary of the President of the Russian Federation in the Central Federal District & nbsp; Igor Schegolev , & nbsp; entrepreneur, politician, public figure, founder of the TV channel Tsargrad TV & nbsp; Konstantin & nbsp; Malofeev , & nbsp; the current abbess of the Martha and Mary Convent Mother Elizabeth and & nbsp; former & nbsp; & nbsp; nun & nbsp; Elizaveta & nbsp; (Kryuchkova) , Deputy Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation & nbsp; Alla Manilova , architect Andrey Anisimov.

I honored with my presence meeting Mayor of Moscow Sergei Sobyanin. & nbsp; He expressed “ words of special gratitude to the society that is engaged in restoring the memory of the history of our city, our state & nbsp; – & nbsp; wonderful people & nbsp; Elizaveta Fedorovna & nbsp; and & nbsp; Sergey Alexandrovich, who made a huge contribution to the development of the beloved city and country & nbsp; hellip; & nbsp; ; Sergei & nbsp; Alexandrovich was created & nbsp; gallery of governors general of Moscow. & Nbsp; About & nbsp; some we do not know anything. & Nbsp; But as for Sergei Alexandrovich, there is no need to invent or conduct research. What was done during his reign is the basis for the development of the city not only then, but also today. ''

Photo: provided by the organizers

Greetings to those present in the White Hall of the City Hall were sent by the Head of the Government of the Russian Federation Mikhail & nbsp; Mishustin , Chairman of the Federation Council Valentina Matvienko , Minister culture Olga Lyubimova , head of Rostourism Zarina & nbsp; Doguzova , heads of regions. & Nbsp;

Educational work is fraught with difficulties

The meeting & nbsp; completed the cycle of cultural, educational and charitable events – “ Elisabeth-Sergius '', which were held from November 1 to 4 in Kazan at the initiative of the ESPO Foundation and included the scientific conference XXIV & nbsp; Elisabeth-Sergiev Readings “ Russian Charity. Traditions and Modernity '', the White Flower charity event & nbsp; and & nbsp; events to develop the “ Imperial Route '' in Tatarstan.

Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Foundation for Assisting the Revival of Traditions of Mercy and Charity “ Elisabeth-Sergius Educational Society '' Anna Gromova & nbsp; conveyed to Sobyanin a request from the Elizabethan people to arrange a museum of Moscow governors general in the mayor's office. & nbsp; Then she congratulated everyone on a decade of difficult work. “ Educational labors are always fraught with difficulties and difficulties that arise on the way, '' said Anna Vitalievna. & nbsp; – & nbsp; Nevertheless, with joint & nbsp; prayer & nbsp; and labors, we & nbsp; overcame everything and, I think, achieved a good result by the 10th anniversary. This is the Imperial Route, the close-knit Elizabethan community, scientific conferences in Perm, Bryansk, Kazan, Kaluga, etc., local history conferences dedicated to the 300-year history of the Imperial House of Romanovs, as well as museums dedicated to the & nbsp; imperial family in Alapaevsk and Tobolsk & raquo;. & Nbsp;. & Nbsp;. & Nbsp;. & Nbsp;. ;

Photo: courtesy of the organizers

It all started & nbsp; with Sergei Alexandrovich

Foundation “ Elisabeth-Sergius Educational Society '' was created in 2011 in Moscow. & nbsp; And over ten years carried out & nbsp; many & nbsp; large exhibition projects in Russia and abroad, including: “ Hieromartyr Patriarch Hermogenes: feat-glorification-veneration ''; in & nbsp; “ Manege '', “ Mercy in history. From the Crimean War to the Great '' at the Martha-Mariinsky Convent, “ Moscow-Holy Land of Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich and Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna '' in the historical museum, 'Hessian Princesses in Russian history' at the Museum of Icons in Frankfurt & ndash; am Main, “ Russian charity under the auspices of the Imperial House of Romanov '' in the Tsaritsyno Museum-Reserve & hellip;

In & nbsp; last year & nbsp; within the framework of the grant of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation “ Creative People '' in 5 regions of Russia & ndash; participants of the “ Imperial route '' – was presented a traveling exhibition & nbsp; engravings and lithographs from the funds of the Kaluga Museum of Fine Arts, dedicated to the history of the House of Romanovs and belonged to the figure of the Russian emigration, the hero of the First World War Alexander & nbsp; Gershelman.

Participants of the Imperial Route; (the project has been implemented since & nbsp; 2018 & nbsp; with the support of the Ministry of Culture and Federal Tourism Agency) there are & nbsp; 22 regions & nbsp; from Kaliningrad to Novosibirsk. With the support of regional Governments & nbsp; ESPO Foundation creates & nbsp; on & nbsp; & quot; route & raquo; & nbsp; museums. & Nbsp; Takes part & nbsp; in the restoration of Orthodox shrines of the Moscow Kremlin. & Nbsp;

Photo: provided by the organizers

In 2017, on behalf of President Vladimir Putin, together with the RVIO at the & nbsp; Nikolsky Gate of the Kremlin, the Cross-Monument to Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich was revived at the site of his murder in 1905. ESPO & nbsp; participated & nbsp; in creation of monuments to Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna in Usovo, Alapaevsk, Perm and Kaluga. & nbsp;

One & nbsp; of the Foundation's priority tasks is & nbsp; – & nbsp; preservation and revival of the historical heritage of the only Imperial estate in the Moscow region, Ilyinskoe-Usovo. At the end of 2021, three museums will be opened here in the historical buildings of the Maternity Shelter (1892), built by Sergei Alexandrovich for peasants, and the Lazaret in the village of Ilyinskoye, established by Elizaveta Fedorovna for the crippled soldiers of the Russo-Japanese War (1905), as well as in school built by the care of Empress Maria Alexandrovna in Usovo (1874). & nbsp;

Photo: provided by the organizers

“When everything is done from the heart, from the heart, with love, everything works out,” acknowledged & nbsp; Chairman of the Imperial Orthodox Palestinian Society Stepashin. – & nbsp; The era of mercy in our country began, perhaps, with & nbsp; Sergey Alexandrovich. He & nbsp; was the first head of the IOPS. & Nbsp; Anna Vitalievna and I, with the blessing of the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, are doing everything possible to make Sergei Alexandrovich canonized. As a martyr. '' -Sergiev Educational Society.


Is it true that the quail is a relative of domestic chicken?

AiF at Dacha No. 21-22. Cabbage according to recipes from all over the world 09/11/2021

This agile bird is still & nbsp; found in the & nbsp; wild nature of Europe, it is widespread and & nbsp; in & nbsp; Russia.

Quails belong to the & nbsp; order of chicken, therefore they are & nbsp; related to & nbsp; hens and cockerels. Common quail and East Siberian quail live in our country. The latter adorns the nature of the Far East. It differs from & nbsp; common quail in smaller size, lighter color and & nbsp; song, reminiscent of the “ cricket of a grasshopper on a & nbsp; violin. '' … The head is distinguished by a darker shade, and long ocher stripes stretch along the back. On the abdomen, the plumage is light, slightly yellowish.

Colorful camouflage helps the bird to hide from enemies: against the background of withered grass or beige and brown bark of trees, the quail becomes almost invisible to predators. This medium-sized bird can become prey for fox, ermine, ferret. It is also hunted by falcons, hawks, owls and & nbsp; eagles. And & nbsp; even a hamster, a toothed rodent, often goes to quail's nests to feast on a dietary testicle.

The basis of the wild quail's food base is insects, small reptiles, worms and & nbsp; other invertebrates, which this mobile bird searches for, actively raking the ground with its paws. The daily quail menu is complemented by crumbling seeds, young shoots and & nbsp; plant leaves.

Quails & nbsp; & ndash; migratory birds: at & nbsp; the end of April, they return from & nbsp; warm countries and & nbsp; take a fancy to places on & nbsp; grain and & nbsp; potato fields, dry meadows and & nbsp; in the steppes, making nests in & nbsp; dense thickets of grass. Interesting is the low soaring flight of quails, in which they cover short distances, and & nbsp; make sharp turns before landing.

In ancient times, quails served as an object of hunting. These birds were caught and & nbsp; kept as songbirds, and & nbsp; they were also forced to participate in & nbsp; quail fights. In & nbsp; our days, quails have long become poultry, they are raised on & nbsp; farms for meat and & nbsp; eggs.


“I amazed with jewelry.” Russia shot down a satellite, but so did other countries

The Russian Federation continues to improve the complex of forces and means recognized to ensure the protection of the country's interests from encroachments in various fields. The next step in this activity was the testing of anti-satellite weapons.

The last service of the Virgin Lands

The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation officially announced that a successful test was carried out on November 15, during which was & nbsp ; the inoperative Russian spacecraft Tselina-D , which had been in orbit since 1982, was struck.

cease to exist.

“ The United States knows for certain that the resulting fragments, in terms of test time and orbital parameters, did not and will not pose a threat to orbital stations, spacecraft and space activities, '' & mdash; leads the TV channel “ Star '' message from the Russian defense department.

The Kosmos-1408 spacecraft, or Tselina-D, was launched into low-earth orbit on September 16, 1982 by the Cyclone-3 launch vehicle.

The device, developed by the Dnepropetrovsk design bureau Yuzhnoye, belongs to the first generation of satellites of this class. It was intended to conduct electronic intelligence, primarily & mdash; tracking the imaginary enemy's radar stations. Having exhausted its resource, the satellite turned into one of the many dead objects in orbit. In 2021, he once again served the Motherland, being used as a target.

'Irresponsible and destabilizing action'

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu during his working trip to the Voronezh Region highly appreciated the results of the tests.

“ She beautifully struck the old satellite. The resulting fragments do not pose any threat to space activity '', & mdash; quotes the words of the minister RIA Novosti.

But in the West, Russian tests caused a real stir.

The head of the US State Department, Anthony Blinken, painted a completely apocalyptic picture. Russia, he said, “recklessly conducted destructive tests of a direct-launch anti-satellite missile against one of its satellites.” Blinken assures that space debris “ will now threaten satellites and other spacecraft vital to the security, economy and scientific interests of all countries for decades. ''

Head of & nbsp; NASA & nbsp; Bill Nelson echoes the head of the State Department. “ Like Secretary Blinken, I am outraged by this irresponsible and destabilizing action. With a long and legendary history of Russia in the field of manned space flights, it is inconceivable that it would endanger not only American and international astronauts-partners on the ISS, but also its own cosmonauts, '' & mdash; According to a statement posted on the & nbsp; NASA website.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg also joined the denunciation campaign, who called the testing of anti-satellite weapons a 'reckless act' from Russia.

In general, the feeling is that Russia has done something that no one has ever done before.

Russia and China proposed a new treaty on outer space. The United States is against

In reality, the development of various types of anti-satellite weapons in the world has been carried out since the first years of space exploration and, in fact, never stopped.

The 1967 Outer Space Treaty prohibits the deployment of any type of weapon of mass destruction in outer space. But this does not apply to other types of weapons.

At one time, the UN General Assembly put to a vote the issue of preventing an arms race in outer space. 183 countries voted for, but Israel and the United States opposed.

The development of the draft Treaty on the Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space has been going on since the early 2000s. In 2008 and 2014, Russia and China jointly submitted such a document to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva. But the matter did not get off the ground.

The Russian Defense Ministry, commenting on the current tests, recalled that any peaceful initiatives to prevent an arms race in space are blocked by Washington.

“ At the same time, the United States created Space Command in 2020 and officially adopted a new space strategy. One of its main goals is & bdquo; to create a comprehensive military advantage in space & ldquo ;. In turn, the Pentagon, even before these official steps, and even more so after, is actively developing and without any notifications testing in orbit the latest attack and combat weapons of various types, including the latest modifications of unmanned spacecraft X-37 '', & nbsp; & mdash; according to the message of the Ministry of Defense, which leads the TV channel “ Zvezda ''.

Stoltenberg's case

The current mourner & mdash; Mr. Stoltenberg & mdash; in 2019 named “ historical '' NATO's decision to recognize space as one of its areas of activity.

On & nbsp; Twitter & nbsp; the head of the North Atlantic Alliance then wrote: “I am proud of NATO's historic decision to recognize space as a work area along with air, land, sea and cyberspace.” At the same time, Stoltenberg said that the decision was made solely for defensive purposes.

It's a strange thing: Russia and China propose an agreement to secure the prevention of the appearance of weapons in space, and instead they receive decisions of this kind from NATO.

Doesn't it seem that someone is not concerned about the safety of astronauts, astronauts and taikonauts, but about your military priority? The main thing is that on November 15, 2021, Russia did nothing that they had not done before.

Rockets on satellites: how China, the United States and India conducted tests

On January 11 & nbsp; 2007 & nbsp; China successfully tested its own anti-satellite weapons: the FY-1C meteorological satellite of the Fengyun series, located in a polar orbit with an altitude of 865 & nbsp; km, was hit by a direct hit from an anti-satellite missile. The rocket was launched from a mobile launcher at the & nbsp; Sichan & nbsp; launch site and intercepted a satellite on a collision course. As a result of the destruction of the satellite, a cloud of debris was formed: ground tracking systems registered at least 2317 fragments of & nbsp; space debris.

February 21 & nbsp; 2008 from the American cruiser Lake Erie In the Pacific Ocean, a missile & nbsp; SM-3 & nbsp; missile defense system Aegis was launched, which hit the American satellite & nbsp; USA-193 located at an altitude of 247 kilometers. In response to reproaches from representatives of other countries, Washington said that they shot down a satellite more safely than the Chinese, so their operation does not harm peaceful space.

On March 26, 2019, India shot down a satellite in orbit. Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on this occasion, he made a special address to the nation, congratulating the people on the acquisition of their own anti-satellite weapons.

“ India has become one of the space superpowers after countries such as the United States, Russia and China. Our anti-satellite weapon successfully shot down the vehicle in low-earth orbit, & mdash; stated the head of government. & mdash; Only three countries in the world have previously had this opportunity: the United States, Russia and China. Now India has joined them. This is a moment of pride for us. ''

Of course, it's unpleasant that people shoot in space. But when your calls for peace are not heard, there is nothing left but to have your own weighty and “ jewelery '' arguments. And, if someone who does not want to sign a treaty on preventing the militarization of outer space, after such tests falls into hysteria, then Russia is on the right track.

It is surprising that the tests were not presented as yet another manifestation of “ aggression against Ukraine '', because the downed satellite was produced in the Ukrainian SSR.


Armenian Defense Ministry showed video of destruction of Azerbaijan’s equipment

The Armenian Defense Ministry has disseminated footage of the destruction of Azerbaijani armored vehicles. Baku announced an intensive shelling of the Azerbaijani army by Armenian military positions and accused Yerevan of aggravating the situation


Another border clash between the military of Armenia and Azerbaijan quickly turned into full-fledged hostilities using armored vehicles and artillery .

The sides blamed each other for the start of hostilities. It was reported in Baku that units of the Armenian army attacked Azerbaijani posts on the Kalbajar and Lachin sections of the state border.

The Ministry of Defense of Armenia said that “ another provocation '' It was the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan that started in the direction of the eastern border of Armenia.

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Lukashenka instructed to organize overnight accommodation for migrants at the border

The authorities of the Grodno region, according to Lukashenka's instructions, will place women and children of migrants in a logistics center near the border with Poland.


The Belarusian authorities are organizing the distribution of food and accommodation for women and children from migrants who are on the border with Poland. Such an order was given by the President of the country Alexander Lukashenko, according to the Telegram channel “ Pool of the First '', close to the press service of the head of Belarus.

The order was given to the governor of the Grodno region, Vladimir Kravtsov. As the channel specified, people will be received in a logistics center located in the border area.

Later, the state news agency BelTA published photos with migrants accommodated in the logistics center.

Earlier, on November 13, Lukashenka ordered to put up tents for the distribution of humanitarian aid among migrants. Previously, the President of the country planned to place the children in sanatoriums, but the parents asked not to take them, but to “ feed them elementary '', the Pool of the First broadcast.

The installation of tents for heating women and children of migrants was also reported on November 13 BelTA. According to him, law enforcement officers, volunteers and representatives of public organizations work in the camp.

We are talking about a camp of migrants on the border of Belarus and Poland; refugees began to flock to this section of the border in early November. Illegal migrants tried to overcome the border barriers, but the Polish border guards responded with tear gas. On November 12, a small group of refugees managed to break through the border. On Tuesday, November 16, migrants pelted the Polish police with stones, garbage and sticks, the security forces responded with water cannons and smoke bombs.

The authorities of the Western countries blame Minsk for what is happening. Polish President Andrzej Duda called the attempts of migrants to cross the border a “ massive hybrid attack '' authorities of Belarus. “ At the last moment, they were deliberately taken off the road into the forest so that they attack the Polish border in a place where there is no official crossing, '' & mdash; he pointed out. The Polish authorities, Duda noted, intended to send humanitarian aid for migrants to the Belarusian side, but Minsk refused to accept it.

Lukashenko claimed that European countries themselves “ destroyed '' states from which people flee. “ People are fleeing the war and fleeing wherever they were invited, '' & mdash; he said.

On November 14, British Foreign Minister Elizabeth Truss expressed confidence that Russia “ bears clear responsibility '' for the migration crisis on the Belarusian-Polish border. In her opinion, Moscow should put pressure on Minsk to resolve the situation. Russian President Vladimir Putin, in response, denied the country's involvement in what is happening. “ We have absolutely nothing to do with this, just not at all! '' & mdash; the president said. According to Putin, the accusations against Moscow are an attempt to transfer problems from a sore head to a healthy one.

The Russian President also said that he considers the Western countries to be guilty of what is happening. “ They themselves are to blame. I said why: for political, military, and economic reasons. We ourselves have created the conditions for thousands and hundreds of thousands of people to go, '', & mdash; he said, noting that these countries are now “ looking for the culprits '' to shift responsibility.

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova noted that the British military provided assistance to the United States for the “ occupation '' Iraq, and therefore London has a 'clear historical responsibility' for the consequences.

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The Ministry of Defense showed the orbits of the wreckage of the downed satellite and the ISS

The model built by the specialists of the defense department showed that the wreckage of the satellite shot down by Russia as part of the tests did not pose a threat to the ISS


Specialists of the Russian Ministry of Defense, based on real data, simulated the movement of fragments of the destroyed satellite Tselina-D in relation to the operating spacecraft and the International Space Station (ISS), according to the agency's message to RBC.

The Ministry of Defense assured that the simulation data confirmed that the satellite debris did not pose a threat to the ISS and that statements about existing 'risks' for the station do not correspond to reality.

“ The video image clearly shows that objects move in orbits with different inclinations in different planes. In addition, the ISS is located 40 & ndash; 60 km below the fragments of the destruction of the spacecraft, & mdash; explained in the defense department.

The ministry added that during the tests, the Russian space control system carried out continuous turn-by-turn control with predicting the situation for each wreck.

RBC asked NASA for a comment.

Head of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin said that he had a telephone conversation with the head of the NASA administration, Bill Nelson. “ Moving on, ensuring the safety of our crews on the ISS, making joint plans, '' & mdash; he wrote in Telegram.

Tests to destroy the inoperative satellite Tselina-D, which was in orbit; took place on November 15. Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu noted that the Russian advanced system hit a Soviet military satellite in orbit with pinpoint accuracy.

The ISS crew on Monday afternoon, November 15, was warned of the danger due to space debris flying past the station, cosmonauts and astronauts were temporarily sent to take refuge in ships. At Roscosmos stated that this is the standard procedure in situations like this. At the same time, the state corporation said that information about space debris that was supposed to fly close to the station was received from the mission control center in Houston.

State Department spokesman Ned Price accuses Moscow of 'recklessness' in connection with the 'destructive test' anti-satellite weapons, as this, according to him, created a threat to the ISS.

He pointed out that as a result of the tests, more than 1.5 thousand debris and hundreds of thousands of fragments of smaller space debris were formed. p>

Later, the head of the State Department, Anthony Blinken, promised that the United States and its allies would respond to Russia for testing an anti-satellite missile.

The Russian Ministry of Defense assured that, contrary to the statements of the United States, the formed space debris cloud does not pose a threat to orbiters. According to representatives of the department, the fragments were included in the main catalog of the domestic space control system and taken for escort.

The department also indicated that similar tests of military systems in space are carried out by the United States; China and India have similar programs. In this regard, the statements of Washington in the Russian Ministry of Defense were considered “ hypocritical. ''

The Russian side also recalled that Moscow has repeatedly called on the space powers to conclude a Treaty on acceptance is blocked. “

” Celina-D “& mdash; it is a series of electronic intelligence satellites. According to US Space Command, Russia destroyed the Cosmos-1408 satellite. from this series.

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US and Chinese Leaders Discuss Rules of Conduct

How did the first long meeting between Joe Biden and Xi Jinping ended? For the first time during his presidency, Joe Biden held lengthy negotiations with President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping. The heads of state emphasized the friendly attitude of the meeting, but presented each other with a long list of claims

Joe Biden participates in a virtual meeting with Xi Jinping via video link

Preparing for the talks

On Monday evening, November 15, Washington time (it was already Tuesday morning in Beijing), US President Joe Biden and President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping held a video summit. It was the first full-scale talks between the leaders of the world's two largest economies since Biden's inauguration, although they have spoken on the phone twice since then.

The meeting was held in video format & mdash; Xi Jinping has not traveled outside the country since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic. Biden and his team gathered in the White House conference room (Roosevelt Room), Xi Jinping switched on from one of the halls of the House of People's Receptions in Beijing.

The teams of both leaders have been preparing for negotiations at the highest level for a long time. Back in March, Alaska hosted a meeting between US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken and Assistant to the President for National Security Jake Sullivan with their Chinese counterparts & mdash; member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CCP) Yang Jiechi and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China Wang Yi, where the parties toughly discussed extensive mutual claims for two days.

Biden and Xi Jinping at the beginning of the meeting highlighted her friendly attitude. Welcoming his interlocutor, Biden said that he and Xi Jinping have known each other for a long time, since his trip to China in 2011 (then Biden, the US vice president, spent several days talking with Xi Jinping, who was just preparing to take over). “Maybe I should start more formally, although you and I have never been so formal with each other,” & mdash; Biden recalled that time, after which he moved on to pressing problems. “ It appears that our responsibility as leaders in China and the United States is '' to ensure that rivalry between our countries does not turn into conflict, intentional or unintentional. Only simple direct competition & raquo;, & mdash; this is how Biden outlined the current challenge, noting that cooperation could be made on issues of mutual interest, such as combating climate change.

Xi Jinping, pointing out that an online meeting is not as good as a face-to-face meeting, emphasized that he was “ happy to see an old friend. '' In his public remarks, Ozzhe emphasized the commonality of interests: the United States and China, in his opinion, need to increase communication and cooperation.

What were discussed

First of all, Biden expressed concern about the situation in Xinjiang, Tibet and Hong Kong, as well as the overall problem of human rights observance in China. In all three autonomous regions of the PRC, according to American officials and human rights activists, China is pursuing discriminatory policies, violating the rights of the Uyghur and Tibetan minorities, as well as the rights of civil society activists in Hong Kong. China calls such criticism unlawful interference in internal affairs.

Biden also made clear the need to protect American industry and workers from China's dishonest trade and economic practices. The Chinese approach was also called unfair by Biden's Republican predecessor, Donald Trump, who for this reason introduced a series of trade restrictive measures against Chinese goods. Biden has not given up on this practice yet.

The US President also expressed the need to preserve freedom and openness in the Indo-Pacific region and conveyed the continued determination of the United States to fulfill its obligations in the region, reaffirming the importance of freedom of navigation and safe flight to the prosperity of the region. In support of this line under Biden, Washington began to actively develop two multilateral formats of interaction with the countries of the region & mdash; AUKUS (Australia, UK and USA) and Quad (Japan, India, USA, Australia). Beijing criticizes both formats for being anti-Chinese.

The last topic, according to the White House, was the topic of Taiwan (Republic of China). Beijing considers the territory of the island, which it has virtually no control since 1949, as part of the PRC. Biden highlighted his commitment to the One China Principle at the meeting and condemned all unilateral attempts to change the status quo in the region. By signing an agreement in 1979 to establish diplomatic relations with Beijing, Washington agreed that the PRC government is the sole legal representative of the Chinese government, and the US people can maintain cultural, commercial, and other informal relations with the people of Taiwan. But since then, Washington has been actively cooperating with the island government, in particular, supplying weapons there. Xi Jinping said to this that the final reunification of China & mdash; the common aspiration of the entire Chinese people, and Beijing is willing to show patience, but if separatist forces advocating Taiwan independence provoke violence and cross the red line, it will be necessary to resort to “ drastic measures. ''

It is worth waiting for some- then the results

According to US officials quoted by Reuters, the meeting did not end in a breakthrough. “ They seem to have exchanged views on everything in the world, but did not announce any decisions or new political steps. Perhaps this will be done in the near future, but if not, then the meeting became simply a fixation of the positions of the parties. That is, the parties agreed that the relationship needed some protective barriers and stability, but did not agree on how to achieve them, '', & mdash; Scott Kennedy, an expert at the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies, told Reuters. Compared to the period of Trump's presidency, the style has become less offensive, but the essence has not changed, on the contrary, it has become even more articulate, Director General of the Russian Council on International Policy Andrei Kortunov told RBC.

The American strategy in China is similar to the strategy in relations with Russia, it is no coincidence that in many strategic documents that are now being adopted in the United States, Russia and China are mentioned separated by commas & mdash; as the main geopolitical opponents of Washington, Kortunov noted. However, since China is the main strategic adversary, there are nuances: in relations with Russia, Biden proceeds from the fact that it is possible to reduce costs in order to free up forces for a long-term strategic confrontation with Beijing, therefore, in some areas, Washington is ready to allow some concessions to Moscow, for example, he looks turn a blind eye to military-technical cooperation with India, including on the S-400, the expert said.

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Putin discussed with Pashinyan the situation on the border of Armenia and Azerbaijan

The President of Russia and the Prime Minister of Armenia discussed the situation on the Armenian-Azerbaijani border after the fighting and Yerevan's requests to Moscow for military support

Vladimir Putin

Russian President Vladimir Putin and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan discussed the situation in the Armenian the Azerbaijani border, according to the Kremlin website.

“ During a telephone conversation initiated by the Armenian side, Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia Nikol Pashinyan discussed the situation after a number of incidents on the Armenian-Azerbaijani border, '' & mdash; The report said.

In addition, the parties agreed to continue contacts on this matter, however, after negotiations, the Armenian Defense Ministry announced the cessation of fighting in the conflict zone with the mediation of the Russian side.

Earlier on November 16, Secretary of the country's Security Council Armen Grigoryan said that the Armenian authorities had appealed to Moscow with an appeal to protect the country's territory in accordance with the 1997 bilateral agreement. He also drew attention to Yerevan's intention to use the CSTO mechanisms in the settlement. This decision was made in Armenia after an armed clash with Azerbaijani forces on the border. A clash with explosions and gunfire, which could be heard several kilometers away, took place near Goris, a large city in the Syunik region of Armenia.

Losses were later announced by each of the parties. So, even during the fighting, Armenia reported the dead. In addition, the Armenian Defense Ministry announced 12 prisoners of war & mdash; seven contract employees and five conscripts. The agency also published footage of the fighting, where it is clear that equipment is used in the clash.

Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu held telephone talks with the heads of the defense departments of Armenia and Azerbaijan Suren Papikyan and Zakir Hasanov and urged them to stop the escalation of the conflict. At the same time, Armenia and Azerbaijan accused each other of provocations.

Clashes in the Syunik region of Armenia and the Kelbajar region of Azerbaijan have been going on for six months already. This is due to the transfer of the Kelbajar region, which was under the control of the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR), to Azerbaijan as a result of the war. As a result, where the administrative border between NKR and Armenia was located, a border of two warring states appeared. The previous clash between the countries in the same region was reported by the Armenian Defense Ministry on November 14 (November 13, according to the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry).

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Armenia announced the end of fighting on the border with Azerbaijan

The most serious clash between the Armenian and Azerbaijani forces since the end of the war in Karabakh has been stopped. The Russian Defense Ministry reported that the parties agreed to a truce after negotiations with Sergei Shoigu

The Ministry of Defense of Armenia announced a ceasefire in the zone of conflict with Azerbaijan, Sputnik. Armenia. '' Kilisali is on the border of two countries.

“ As a result of telephone conversations … the Azerbaijani and Armenian sides took measures to stabilize the situation. Currently, the clashes in the area of ​​Mount Kilisali have stopped, the situation has returned to normal and is under control, '' & mdash; quoted by RIA Novosti the ministry's message.

Earlier, Shoigu held telephone talks with the Defense Ministers of Azerbaijan and Armenia & mdash; Colonel General Zakir Hasanov and Suren Papikyan.

The heads of the military departments discussed the exacerbation of the situation on the Azerbaijani-Armenian border near Mount Kilisali. Sergei Shoigu called on both sides to stop actions that provoke an escalation of the situation, '' & mdash; reported the press service of the Ministry of Defense.


In the afternoon of November 16, the secretary of the country's Security Council Armen Grigoryan said that the Armenian authorities had appealed to Moscow with an appeal to protect the country's territory in accordance with the 1997 bilateral agreement … He also announced Yerevan's intention to use the CSTO mechanisms in the settlement.

After that, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan had a telephone conversation with Russian President Vladimir Putin. The Kremlin press service did not provide details, specifying only that the conversation took place on the initiative of the Armenian side and the interlocutors agreed to continue contacts.

Fighting broke out on the border of the Syunik region of Armenia and the Kelbajar region of Azerbaijan. Small skirmishes regularly occur there. Earlier, the Kelbajar region was controlled by the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR), but after the war of 2020 it came under the control of Azerbaijan, and where there was actually an administrative border between Armenia and NKR, an interstate border arose.

Baku has repeatedly stated that now it is impossible to say for sure where the new border between the two countries lies & mdash; its delimitation and demarcation is necessary. Uncertainty about the exact location of the border leads to incidents and clashes, in which the parties blame each other.

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Fights on the Armenian-Azerbaijani border. The main thing

Armenia and Azerbaijan reported mutual shelling. There are wounded and dead.

The main thing at 20:55:

  • The Ministry of Defense of Armenia announced that the fighting in the conflict zone had been stopped with the mediation of the Russian side.
  • Yerevan reports one dead and 12 captured.

Where and how the fighting went

  • Around noon on November 16, a skirmish began on the eastern borders of Armenia in the area of ​​Mount Tsitsernakar, which quickly escalated into full-fledged hostilities with armored vehicles and artillery. Active battles have been going on for several hours and along the entire length of the southeastern border of Armenia. This is the most serious incident since the end of the 44-day war last November.
  • After the start of the fighting, both sides almost immediately declared losses from each other. “ As of 16:00 (15:00 Moscow time), the situation on the eastern border of Armenia continues to be extremely tense & lt; … & gt; the Armenian side has losses and wounded, information about which is being specified, it is known about the loss of two combat positions '', & mdash; said in a statement by the press service of the Armenian military department.
  • About 15 servicemen were killed as a result of battles with the Azerbaijani Armed Forces in the east of the republic, said the head of the standing commission of the Armenian parliament on foreign relations Eduard Aghajanyan, adding that he confirmed this information. does not yet.
  • The Armenian Defense Ministry also reported that 12 Armenian soldiers were captured & mdash; seven contract soldiers and five conscripts.
  • Three hours after the start of the fighting, the Azerbaijani Ministry of Defense announced that panic reigns among the personnel of the Armenian army, and the Azerbaijani army is conducting a counteroffensive.
  • Explosions and gunfire were also heard a few kilometers from the battle zone & mdash; from Goris, one of the largest cities in the Syunik region of Armenia.

What the parties said

  • Because of the shootout on the border with Azerbaijan, Yerevan appealed to Moscow with an appeal to defend the sovereign territory of Armenia in accordance with a bilateral agreement of 1997, said the secretary of the country's Security Council Armen Grigoryan. While this is an oral statement, it will be followed by a formal written appeal, he added. “ Since the attack was on the sovereign territory of Armenia, we appeal to Russia within the framework of the agreement between the two countries of 1997 with a call to protect the territorial integrity of Armenia, in the logic of the implementation of mutual obligations, '' & mdash; said Grigoryan.
  • According to Grigoryan, “ if we cannot resolve the crisis with existing structures, Armenia will have to turn to other structures, that is, other international partners. ''
  • Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan called on compatriots to be ready to “ protect Holy Motherland. ''OSCE Chairperson, Swedish Foreign Minister Ann Linde called on Yerevan and Baku to take immediate steps to de-escalate the situation at the border.

What caused it

  • On this stretch of the border & mdash; Syunik region of Armenia and Kelbajar region of Azerbaijan & mdash; skirmishes have been going on for half a year. Constant tension here is caused by the fact that the Kelbajar region, which was previously controlled by the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR), after the war last year passed to Azerbaijan and where there was actually an administrative border between Armenia and NKR, an interstate border of two warring countries arose.
  • The first serious incident happened here on May 12 last year & mdash; then the Azerbaijani military entered the Black Lake region (Arm. Sev lich). Yerevan called the incident 'an encroachment on the sovereign territory of Armenia' and turned to both Moscow and the CSTO for help.
  • Just before the start of the fighting, the sides accused each other of provocations. The day before the start of the conflict, Nikol Pashinyan at a meeting of the Security Council described Azerbaijan's actions as an invasion and initiated the resignation of Defense Minister Arshak Karapetyan in this regard. In his place was appointed Deputy Prime Minister Suren Papikyan, who heads the ruling Civil Contract party.
  • Baku has been insisting since May that it is impossible to say exactly where the new border between the two countries lies until it has been delimited and demarcated, and for more than six months it has refused to withdraw its troops from the region.

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German court rejects environmental lawsuit over Nord Stream 2

This time, the refusal was received by the Deutsche Umwelthilfe organization, which tried to challenge the permission to build the gas pipeline. Lawsuits against Nord Stream 2 were also filed by other organizations promoting the fight for the environment

The Greifswald Supreme Administrative Court dismissed the claim of the German environmental organization Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) over the Nord Stream 2 pipeline. DUH announced this on Twitter.

The activists promised to use all legal means to stop the project.

DUH has repeatedly tried to get Nord Stream 2 to stop in court. The organization's website has a separate section with a petition against the gas pipeline.

In April, Deutsche Umwelthilfe demanded that the Hamburg court overturn the regulator's decision with permission to build Nord Stream 2; in German waters.

The conservation organization believes that pipe-laying is a threat to marine life. The organization also believes that Germany “ does not need a mega-pipeline that produces 100 million tons of CO2 per year. '' They noted that the pipeline is the largest fossil fuel project in Europe, and in this case, “ not meeting the climate targets ''. “ In our lawsuit, we want to ensure that the ban on the construction of a gas pipeline in German waters remains, '' & mdash; said Federal Managing Director of DUH Sascha Müller-Kraenner.

Claim to the court of Greifswald demanding to review the permit for the operation of Nord Stream 2 was filed in the summer of 2021. The DUH challenged the decision of the Stralsund Mining Authority, which initially rejected the environmentalists' application.

DUH is not the only environmental organization fighting against the pipeline. For example, a non-governmental organization, the Union for the Conservation of Nature and Biodiversity (Naturschutzbund Deutschland, NABU), demanded to ban or suspend construction in May 2021. They argued their claim by the fact that the gas pipeline directly destroys the habitat of marine fauna at the bottom of the Baltic Sea on an area of ​​more than 16 football fields. Because of this appeal of environmentalists, the permit for the construction of the gas pipeline was suspended, initially & mdash; until the end of May. However, on May 17, the Federal Office for Shipping and Hydrography of the Federal Republic of Germany (BSH) allowed the continuation of the work.

Greifswald is the end point of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline. The gas pipeline consists of two lines with a total capacity of 55 billion cubic meters. m of gas per year and runs from the Russian coast through the Baltic Sea to Germany. Initially, the pipeline was planned to be completed at the end of 2019, but the process has stalled due to sanctions from the United States. Washington regards Nord Stream 2 as a threat to the energy security of Europe. At the same time, Germany opposed US sanctions, considering US policy as interference in the country's internal affairs.

In October 2021, the laying of the gas pipeline was completed. On November 16, Germany's Federal Network Agency (Bundesnetzagentur, BNetzA) temporarily suspended the Nord Stream 2 certification process. The Federal Grid Agency has concluded that certification of the Nord Stream 2 operator is only possible if the operator brings its legal form in line with German law, '' & mdash; said the regulator.

After this message, the exchange prices for gas in Europe rose by 17% over the day, exceeding the $ 1100 per thousand cubic meters mark.

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In Poland, they opened a case after an attempt to storm a checkpoint at the border by migrants

In the course of clashes with migrants, 12 Polish security officials were injured. Vilnius believes that the Belarusian security forces may be involved in the attacks. Minsk, in turn, warned about possible provocations to its address

The Sokolka District Prosecutor's Office launched an investigation into the attack of refugees on police officers and border guards. According to the Polsat News TV channel, this was announced by the chief commandant of the police Yaroslav Shimchik.

The things that the migrants threw themselves with were kept as material evidence. The inspection continues at the site, Shimchik added.

According to him, 12 people were injured during clashes with migrants. Among them & mdash; nine police officers, including one woman who was stoned in the head.

The attackers were wearing masks, making it difficult to identify them, Shimchik said. “ Judging by the behavior of the people who threw stones, I believe they are well trained and experienced in various encounters. In my opinion, they were trained in Belarus, but among the most aggressive people were the officers of the Belarusian services, '' & mdash; he suggested.

Proof of this, in particular, is the fact that the refugees were armed with noise grenades and tear gas, Shimchik believes.

President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko , in turn, warned of possible provocations against Belarus.

“ The main thing for us now is to protect our country and our people, to prevent clashes. I know that there have already been attempts to deliver weapons to the spontaneous migrant camp. As well as provocations that can lead to a violent conflict. In no case should this be allowed. This so-called problem cannot become the unleashing of a heated confrontation '', & mdash; he said (quoted by BelTA).

On November 16, at the Polish border checkpoint “ Forge Belostokskaya '' there were clashes between migrants who arrived from the territory of Belarus and the police. Refugees threw stones, sticks and debris at them, and also broke barriers. According to Polish police, the migrants also used noise grenades. In response, she used tear gas and water cannons.

Poland and Western countries blamed Belarus for aggravating the migration crisis. In their opinion, she organized the transfer of refugees from the Middle East to the EU border and uses them for her own political purposes. Minsk rejects these accusations and emphasizes that migrants act on their own initiative.

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Vucic announced plans to increase purchases of Russian gas by one and a half times

Serbia will ask Russia to increase gas supplies to 3 billion cubic meters. m per year. The contract expires at the end of this year. Earlier Vucic said that he was not satisfied with the new formula for calculating gas prices proposed by Moscow

Aleksandr Vucic

Serbia is considering buying 3 billion cubic meters each. m of Russian gas annually for ten years, President of the Republic Aleksandr Vucic said on the Happy TV channel.

He recalled that now Serbia buys Russian gas at $ 270 per 1,000 cubic meters. m, the contract expires at the end of the year. Along with this, it has to additionally import 3-4 million cubic meters. gas per day, Vucic said.

At the same time, the exchange prices for gas in Europe are at a high level, and “ today there are additional difficulties, '' he said. German authorities have suspended certification of Nord Stream 2 '', and gas prices suddenly jumped from $ 960 to $ 1140 '', & mdash; the president recalled.

At the same time, gas consumption is growing. For example, in mid-October, the Banatski Dvor storage facility had 263 million cubic meters. meters of gas, and now there are 161 million cubic meters. m, said Vucic. In this regard, Serbia intends to increase the volume of gas supplies from Russia.

“ We will ask the President [of Russia Vladimir] Putin to provide us with 3 billion cubic meters per year, '' & mdash; said Vucic.

The agreement on the supply of Russian gas to Serbia has been in effect since 2012. Since 2017, the volume of supplies has been increased from 1.5 billion cubic meters. m up to 2 billion cubic meters. m per year. The agreement expires at the end of 2021.

Vucic has repeatedly stated Serbia's desire to extend a long-term contract with Russia for gas supplies, but at the current price of $ 270 per 1,000 cubic meters. m. However, Moscow offered to calculate the cost of gas according to a new formula, the president said. According to it, the gas price will be 70% of the exchange price and 30% will be calculated using the oil formula. “ I said we can't pay for this '', & mdash; Vucic said.

To Vucic's ambassadors, he plans to discuss gas prices and increased supplies at a meeting with the Russian president on November 25 in Moscow.

In September, Putin said that those who had concluded with Russia long-term contracts for the supply of gas, “ now they can only rub their hands and rejoice, '' because otherwise they would have to buy fuel at a higher price. '' These smart guys in the last European Commission invented market pricing for gas. And here is the result for you. But our approach is different, we also have market pricing, this price is tied to the price of oil. Nobody regulates it, the market regulates it, but fluctuations are much softer '', & mdash; said the president.

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Sweden supported the creation of a military mission in Ukraine

Photo: flickr/Arlington National Cemetery

The head of the Swedish Ministry of Defense Peter Gulkvist supported the creation of a military training base in Ukraine. The newspaper “European Truth” writes about this.

The proposal received from the Baltic countries was supported by Stockholm Gulqvist. He pointed out: “We consider it very important to note the ambitions of the EU and to contribute to the security and sovereignty of Ukraine.” crisis on the border of Poland and Belarus.

Nevertheless, what is happening in Ukraine remains relevant for Stockholm, said Gulqvist.


The Minister of Defense of Belarus announced the possible deployment of Iskanders of the RF Armed Forces

The Minister of Defense of the Republic of Belarus Viktor Khrenin said that, if necessary and for specific tasks, several divisions can be deployed on the territory of the country promptly -Tactical missile systems “Iskander” of the RF Armed Forces.

According to him, “the armed forces of Belarus are ready to respond toughly to any attacks”, since the “response system” allows responding “to any threats and challenges.”/p>

“Including, if necessary, with our main strategic ally,” Khrenin said, speaking of Russia.


Ukraine allowed the possibility of EU recognition of Russian Crimea

It was admitted in Ukraine that the migration crisis could benefit Russia in a number of political and economic issues. The current situation is capable of “ liberating '' The Kremlin from sanctions and change the West's attitude to the issue of Crimea's ownership.


According to the portal” Glavred “, Ukrainian military expert, reserve colonel Oleg Zhdanov suggested that the European Union could meet Russia halfway and recognize the results of the 2014 referendum on the annexation of Crimea.

According to the expert, this issue may” shift “in Moscow's favor by the background of the migration crisis on the border of Belarus and Poland, and in this case “Russia will be” on a white horse. “

” For Putin, the migration crisis is a multi-move. It has its own goals and objectives: to force Europe to certify and quickly launch Nord Stream 2, lift sanctions, recognize Crimea as Russian, “Zhdanov said.


In Russia, they found a way to speed up the treatment of injuries

Spiegel learns of Merkel’s office expansion following her resignation

Merkel's office after her departure from office will be expanded to nine people instead of five, as voted by the Bundestag budget committee. The Left Party considered it an excess and suspected the chancellor of intending to create a “shadow department”

Angela Merkel

Own office of acting German Chancellor Angela Merkel will expand to nine people after her departure from office, who will be paid from the budget, Der Spiegel magazine reported, citing a letter from the German Ministry of Finance.

Merkel will be provided with a head of the office with a salary of & euro; 10,412 (862 thousand rubles) and his deputy. In addition, the bureau will have two secretaries, two assistants, one office worker and two drivers. Their maintenance will be carried out by abolishing posts in the German Ministry of Defense.

As the newspaper notes, ensuring the work of the offices of the former chancellors and presidents of the Federal Republic of Germany has been repeatedly criticized. In 2019, the Bundestag's Budget Committee voted to limit the number of employees in such offices to five, as well as to limit their salaries.

Plans to set up Merkel's office also drew criticism. “ Ms Merkel has always been portrayed as a humble chancellor. Obviously over with this. The luxurious setting of your future office makes it look like you want to open the Chancellor's shadow office. Treasury Secretary [Olaf] Scholz is clearly deeply in debt to you. There is no other explanation for these excesses '', & mdash; said the deputy head of the Left Party Gezine Lötsch.

Merkel has been the Chancellor of Germany since 2005 (four terms), and also headed the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). She announced her resignation from office at the end of her regular term back in 2018.

On October 26, German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier handed Merkel a notice of the end of her term as head of government. She will serve as Chancellor until a new cabinet is formed.

As Merkel said, she does not yet know what she will do after leaving office, but this will not be politics. According to her, while among the plans & mdash; read and sleep, and then others will come to mind. “ For many years I have been completely focused on the agenda that was given to me, and I always had to be ready. One of the tasks of the head of government is to react immediately if something happens. And now I'll see what I want to do, & raquo;, & mdash; Merkel explained.

After the resignation, the former Chancellor will receive a pension of about & euro; 15 thousand (more than 1 million rubles), Focus reported citing the calculations of the German Union of Taxpayers. As the newspaper explained, this amount is due to the long stay of Merkel in the Bundestag and the term of her service as federal minister and chancellor.

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