The UN General Assembly (GA) approved without a vote the Russian-American resolution on the norms of conduct in cyberspace and the prevention of crimes in this area. This document was previously adopted in the first committee of the General Assembly (deals with disarmament and international security).
A number of countries, including Australia, Great Britain, France, Germany, Norway, South Korea, Poland, Japan, became its co-authors, Czech Republic, Sweden, etc.
The resolution says that the UNGA considers it necessary to “ prevent the use of information resources or technologies for criminal or terrorist purposes. ''
The material is being supplemented
Subscribe to RBC's Twitter Get news faster than anyone else
The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that refugees who are on the territory of Poland and applied to the judicial authority cannot be expelled to Belarus. This was reported by the press service of the court.
“In most of the applications, the plaintiffs stated that they were on Polish territory, and asked not to be expelled to Belarus. The Court applied Rule 39 [ECtHR Rules] & lt; … & gt; and ruled that the applicants cannot be expelled from Poland if they are in fact on Polish territory, '', & mdash; the message says.
The press service clarified that the court received 47 applications for interim measures from 198 migrants. In 44 applications the applicants indicated that they were on the territory of Poland and asked for international protection. Another appeal was filed against Latvia and two against Lithuania. Interim measures are not currently being applied to applications that were filed against the Baltic countries.
The material is being added
Subscribe to RBC's Telegram Get news faster than anyone
Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that the potential presence of Western military formations in Ukraine” extremely worries “Russia and if such NATO plans are implemented, the country will be forced to react.
In an interview with RT, Peskov said that the British military had previously spoken about their readiness to send a number of units to Ukraine – “not only training, but also combat units.”/p>
“This … forces us to take some action,” added the presidential spokesman.
He also pointed to NATO's aggressive policies and refusal to recognize the “red lines.”/p>
“We don't like it,” Peskov summed up. “And we are doing this to insure our own interests.”
India has begun to actively lobby for deliveries of the latest Russian S-500 Prometheus air defense systems to the country.
United The United States tried to stop the sale of Russian S-400 Triumph anti-aircraft missile systems to India. This was announced today by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.
The Indian partners “refused to carry out Washington's orders,” Lavrov said.
Finland could not agree with Sweden on the JAS Gripen fighter and will buy the American F-35 Lightning II, one of the most expensive combat aircraft in the world.
Earlier it was reported that Sweden planned to bomb Afghanistan to show the capabilities of its Saab JAS 39 Gripen fighters to foreign customers.
But the Philippines has decided on a new fighter for the national air force. It will be the Swedish Saab JAS-39C/D MS20 Gripen.
White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki, speaking to reporters, rather evasively answered the question whether maintaining the territorial integrity of Ukraine is a priority in US policy.
At a meeting with media representatives, several issues were discussed before the upcoming talks between US and Russian Presidents Joe Biden and Vladimir Putin. Including the tension on the Russian-Ukrainian border.
In particular, Psaki stressed that the territorial integrity of Ukraine meets the important interests of the global community.
“And it is in the interests of the United States to ensure stability in all over Europe. But I will not go into further definitions … Foreign policy contains many nuances, “said a White House spokesman, quoted by CBS.
On December 6, President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev visited the Guba region of the republic, where he met with residents of the village of Gonagkend. During the conversation, the head of state noted that the Armenian authorities should name the date for the opening of the Zangezur corridor, “and then there will be no problems.”
“And in Armenia they saw, and the whole world saw that no one can hold us. They were like that during the war, they tried to hold us back, they were from quite influential circles, but that did not stop us. I repeat: let them tell us the date, when they leave our lands and we stop at the same moment. Let them tell us the date when the Zangezur corridor will open, and then there will be no problems, “the head of state emphasized.
According to the Azerbaijani leader, the Armenian authorities must understand that Baku will achieve its goal at any cost, and the second Karabakh war has demonstrated to the whole world the will, strength and unity of the Azerbaijani people.
The Zangezur corridor is a hypothetical transport corridor with a length of about 40 km through the territory of the Syunik region (Zangezur) of Armenia, which is considered as a possible, by agreement between Azerbaijan and Armenia, a means of providing transport links between the western regions of Azerbaijan and its exclave Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic.
On November 9, 2020, after the cessation of hostilities, the heads of Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia signed a tripartite ceasefire statement. According to the 9th paragraph of the statement, Armenia guarantees the safety of transport links between the western regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic in order to organize the unhindered movement of citizens, vehicles and goods in both directions.
It became known the condition under which new restrictive measures may be introduced against our country.
The United States and the European Union are currently considering the possibility of introducing new tough sanctions against Russia.
The package of restrictive measures provides for serious restrictions on currency exchange.
Such a scenario, according to the West, can be implemented if Russia & # 8220; attacks & # 8221; to Ukraine.
According to Bloomberg, citing informed sources, the largest Russian banks and even RDIF may fall under the sanctions.
The most probable restrictions are American journalists referring to the transfer of rubles to other currencies, including euros and pounds sterling.
The most radical solution may be to ban Russia from accessing the SWIFT system, but this, according to Bloomberg, will harm ordinary Russians.
Interlocutors of journalists are sure that The head of the US White House, Joe Biden, may voice the issue of imposing such tough sanctions to Vladimir Putin during a conversation on December 7.
Earlier, TopNews wrote that Dmitry Peskov commented on the information about a new tough package of US sanctions.
The Kremlin's official speaker called this information & # 8220; information hysteria & # 8221 ;.
Space tourists from Japan Yusaku Maezawa & nbsp; and Yozo Hirano will continue to study Russian with cosmonaut Alexander Misurkin during their flight to the International Space Station (ISS). This is reported by RIA Novosti with reference to the words of the Russian.
He noted that his communication with the Japanese took place in English, as it is international on the ISS.
“ Our colleagues , friends began to learn Russian, and I, quite a bit, – Japanese. I think we will continue our joint lessons in flight and after the flight, '' said Misurkin.
Recall that Japanese space tourists Yusaku Maezawa and Yozo Hirano, together with & nbsp; cosmonaut Alexander Mizurkin, will go into orbit on the Soyuz- 2.1а '' with the Soyuz MS-20 spacecraft. Earlier, this decision was approved by the state commission during a meeting at the Baikonur cosmodrome. The Japanese will be the first tourists in 12 years to fly to the ISS on the Soyuz spacecraft.
Earlier it was reported that Yusaku Maezawa intends to return to Baikonur some time after the flight and plant a tree in the astronauts alley.
Christmas tree & mdash; the main symbol of the New Year, therefore, its choice must be approached carefully, having studied the entire range and prices. In recent years, in addition to traditional firs, pines and firs have become equally popular among Russians. What is the difference between them and how to choose the right New Year tree, in the material of AiF.ru.
New Year's tree
Spruce & mdash; a classic New Year tree with a persistent coniferous aroma. Thanks to the densely growing branches, the tree looks fluffy, despite the small needles. The trunk is covered with brown bark. The needles are short and prickly. The most popular varieties of spruce among buyers:
Norway spruce (Russian tree) & mdash; unpretentious cone-shaped tree with short pointed needles from one to three centimeters long. In nature, the height of spruce trees can reach 40 meters or more; young trees, as a rule, up to three meters high are used for sale.
Blue spruce & mdash; the color of the needles is from a pronounced blue to bluish-green. The older the tree, the darker it will be. Traditional crown shape & mdash; triangular.
Disadvantages : all types of spruce crumble rather quickly.
Price : Russian spruce about 2 meters high will cost 1.5-2 thousand rubles on average, imported & mdash; 5-10 thousand rubles, writes RBC with reference to retailers' forecasts.
New Year's pine
Pine & mdash; this coniferous tree has wide branches, long (from 4-5 cm) and tough needles, but not as thorny as those of a Christmas tree. Color & mdash; bluish green. Young pines have a smoother bark, grooved and cracked with age.
Black pine & mdash; one of the most popular types of wood. In young pines, the crown is pyramidal; in adult plants, it looks like an umbrella with branches opened in different directions. The trunk is covered with black bark. The needles are long (about 14 cm), dark green, densely cover the branches.
Disadvantages : pine gives off a large amount of resin, and due to the distance between the tiers of branches the tree does not look very lush.
Price : up to 1000 rubles per meter, according to Avito.ru
New Year's fir
In recent years, the Nordmann fir has won the sympathy of buyers. Thanks to its dense branches and needles, fir looks impressive. Retains its appearance for a long time. Fir is distinguished by short (up to 5 cm), flat and soft needles and a characteristic arrangement of branches & mdash; they seem to stretch upward. Color & mdash; dark green or silver.
Disadvantages : its price and not as pronounced coniferous aroma as pine and spruce.
Price : up to 5.5 thousand rubles for a two-meter tree, writes RBC.
Where can I buy a Christmas tree?
You can buy a New Year tree :
So, in the Moscow region, the main trade at the Christmas tree markets will begin on December 20. In total, it is planned to operate Christmas tree bazaars in 49 municipalities of the region until January 10, 2022.
“ We are very proud that this year about 70% of the trees will be Russian-made at prices ranging from 500 rubles to 10 thousand rubles of different categories and growth. I hope that every resident of the Moscow region will find his own tree '', & mdash; noted Minister of Agriculture and Food of the Moscow Region Sergei Voskresensky .
When is it better to buy a New Year tree?
Spruce retains its fresh appearance for one or two weeks, after that it dries and crumbles heavily. Therefore, you need to buy it at the very last moment, after December 28, according to Roskachestvo. & Nbsp;
Pine is quite tough, it can stand in a room for up to a month, provided that the house is not very hot and dry. By the end of this period, its needles become brittle and turn yellow. If you want the pine to stand until the old New Year, buy it in the second half of December, or better & mdash; a week before the New Year.
Fir & mdash; the most persistent. She does not lose her appearance for a month or longer. You can buy it in the first half of December, but the closer you get it to the New Year holidays, the longer it will stand. Therefore, Roskachestvo recommends taking fir in mid-December.
How to choose a living tree correctly?
How to bring the tree home correctly?
Ask the seller to pack the tree in a plastic net & mdash; sleeve. At home, be sure to let the tree gradually adapt to the heat by placing it in a cool place for 2-3 hours, for example, on a balcony, it is recommended in Rospotrebnadzor.
Sources of information :
At the age of 84, a test pilot of Mi helicopters passed away Hero of the Soviet Union Gurgen Karapetyan. TASS writes about this, referring to the message of the holding “ Russian Helicopters. ''
According to the general director of the holding Nikolai Kolesov, the whole life of Gurgen & nbsp; Karapetyan was dedicated to serving the Motherland and aviation.
“ With his participation, many helicopters found their way into the sky, and some of them set records that forever glorified the domestic helicopter industry '', & ndash; noted Kolesov.
Karapetyan 1962 to 1993 worked at the flight test complex of the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant. Over the years he worked he mastered 39 types of helicopters, gliders and airplanes, and taking into account the modifications & ndash; more than 100. Spent more than 5.5 thousand hours in the air and flew on all types of Mi helicopters. & nbsp;
The pilot set 10 world aviation records for the speed and carrying capacity of helicopters. In 1991, Gurgen Karapetyan was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, later he was awarded the medal of the Security Council of the Russian Federation “ For services in ensuring national security. ''
Earlier it became known about the death of a spacecraft designer, winner of the USSR state prize Ruslana Komaeva, he was 74 years old.
Gurgen Karapetyan, Russian Helicopters Holding.
Test Pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union Gurgen Karapetyan died at the age of 85 in Moscow. This was announced on December 7 by the press service of the Russian Helicopters holding. The cause of Karapetyan's death has not been specified.
“ The whole life of Gurgen Rubenovich was devoted to serving the Motherland and aviation. With his participation, many helicopters found their way into the sky, and some of them & mdash; set records that forever glorified the domestic helicopter industry, '' Nikolai Kolesov.
Gurgen Karapetyan was born on December 9, 1936 in Sverdlovsk.
In 1961 he graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute ( MAI). During his studies at the university he was engaged in gliding and helicopter sports at the MAI flying club.
In 1961 he began working as a leading engineer at the Mil Design Bureau.
In 1962 he graduated from the helicopter department of the School test pilots.
From 1962 to 1993 he worked at the flight test complex of the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant. In 1974 he became a senior test pilot of the plant. He raised and tested the Mi-26 and Mi-28 helicopters, and also took part in the tests of the Mi-2, Mi-6, Mi-10, Mi-14, Mi-24 helicopters and their modifications.
In the period from 1962 to 1982, Karapetyan set 10 world aviation records for speed and payload on Mi-6, Mi-10K, Mi-24 and Mi-26 helicopters.
In May 1986 he took part in the liquidation of the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. As part of the crew of the Mi-26 helicopter, Gurgen Karapetyan, using an external sling, closed the reactor with a dome weighing 15 tons for three minutes, thus ensuring the cutoff of radioactive radiation.
On January 24, 1991, Karapetyan received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal.
In total, the test pilot mastered several dozen types of helicopters, gliders and airplanes, and taking into account the modifications & mdash; over 100. He spent over 5500 hours in the air.
At the end of his flying career, Karapetyan worked as deputy general director of the Moscow Helicopter Plant named after Mil for Strategic Development, Head of the Flight Safety Service and Advisor to the General Director of the Russian Helicopters holding on safety.
The Magistrates' Court of Tagansky District & nbsp; Moscow & nbsp; also fined Google & nbsp; 5 million rubles for & nbsp; failure to remove & nbsp; links, said the press secretary of the district court Zulfiya & nbsp; Gurinchuk, reports RIA Novosti. & nbsp; p>
It is clarified that the defendant was found guilty of an administrative offense. & nbsp;
Also on Tuesday, December 7, the court will consider three more protocols against & nbsp; Google, all of them concern the failure to remove prohibited content or links on him. & nbsp;
The total amount of Google fines increased to 49 million rubles. Fines were issued, including for incitement to extremism, links to prohibited materials, as well as refusal to localize personal data of Russians on servers in the Russian Federation.
Earlier it was reported that Google & nbsp; appealed against fines in the amount of 6 million rubles imposed by & nbsp ; to the company at the end of August 2021, but the Tagansky District Court recognized them as legal.
Bloomberg: The US and the EU are discussing new sanctions against Russia with restrictions on currency exchange According to the agency, the West, due to the situation around Ukraine, intends to impose sanctions, including restrictions on the conversion of rubles into other currencies and the ability of investors to buy Russian debt securities in the secondary market
The United States and the European Union are considering the possibility of imposing sanctions on the largest Russian banks and the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) if Russia “ attacks '' to Ukraine. Bloomberg writes about this with reference to sources familiar with the discussion of the issue.
According to agency sources, conversion of rubles into dollars and other foreign currencies, including euros and pounds sterling, may be among the most probable restrictions. In addition, the West may limit the ability of investors to buy Russian debt on the secondary market.
“The most drastic option would have been to deny Russia access to the SWIFT financial payment system, but that would hurt ordinary citizens, so officials are more inclined to harass the country's ability to convert rubles into dollars, euros or British pounds,” “mdash; the agency writes.
The interlocutors claim that US President Joe Biden can present the issue of imposing sanctions against banks and RDIF to his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin during a conversation scheduled for December 7.
RBC sent inquiries to the Central Bank and large banks.
On the eve of December 6, CNN sources reported that the Biden administration is considering several options for imposing sanctions against Russia and its individuals in connection with the aggravation of the situation around Ukraine. According to the channel, members of Putin's inner circle, Russian energy companies and banks may fall under the restrictions. New sanctions can also apply to the country's sovereign debt, and in the most radical version it can be disconnected from the interbank SWIFT system, CNN reported.
Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov said that such publications continue the line of “ information hysteria ''. First Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on International Affairs Vladimir Dzhabarov, in an interview with RBC, said that Russia would not be disconnected from SWIFT, since it would be difficult for Europeans to do without it outside the payment system. “ These sanctions related to the SWIFT system have been talked about for seven years, and so far this has not happened. They are going to impose sanctions for Russia's alleged attack on Ukraine, which will not happen, as we understand it, '', & mdash; said in a conversation with RBC a member of the Federation Council Committee on International Affairs Sergei Tsekov.
American media have been writing about a possible Russian attack on Ukraine since the beginning of October. In particular, then The Washington Post and Politico reported about the concentration of Russian military equipment near the Ukrainian border.
The Associated Press, citing US intelligence data obtained from a source in the Biden administration, reported that Russian troops would launch an offensive against Ukraine early next year. The Russian military leadership intends to deploy 175,000 soldiers near the borders, the agency said. The German newspaper Bild published an “ offensive plan, '' which it drew up according to NATO and Ukrainian intelligence sources. Bloomberg reported in the middle of last month, citing sources, that the United States had notified European partners of the risk of an “ invasion '' Russia to Ukraine.
On December 1, Washington called on Russia to withdraw its troops from the Ukrainian border. “ We don't know if President Putin made the decision to invade. We know that he creates the potential to do so in a short time if he decides to, & raquo;, & mdash; said US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken.
The Russian Foreign Ministry responded by saying that the actions of the armed forces on the territory of the country are within its competence as a sovereign state. Peskov argued that the headlines about a possible invasion were “ nothing more than an empty, unreasonable whipping up of tension. '' In turn, Putin called the publications of American publications “ alarmist '' and recalled that after similar messages at the beginning of this year, no invasion of Ukraine took place.
Subscribe to RBC's Instagram Get news faster than anyone
Angela Merkel is working on her last days as Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, which she held for 16 years. Social Democrat Olaf Scholz will replace her on Wednesday. How Germany changed in the Merkel era – in the material of RBK
The economy has grown by a third
Angela Merkel became the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany in November 2005, heading the coalition government of the center-right bloc CDU/CSU and the Social Democrats. That year, the country's GDP in nominal dollar terms was $ 2.8 trillion, follows from the data of the World Bank. At the end of 2020, German GDP was estimated at $ 3.8 trillion, that is, 36% more than in the year Merkel took office.
For comparison, the EU economy as a whole in 2005 & ndash; 2020 grew by 28%, for example, Italy & mdash; by 1.5%.
In the world economic ranking, Germany under Merkel dropped one line. In 2005 & ndash; 2006, Germany was the third largest in the world in terms of GDP, behind the United States and Japan. Since 2007, Germany has been in fourth place & mdash; it was bypassed by China. The German economy has shown growth almost every year of Merkel's tenure in power, with the exception of only 2009 and 2020. In 2009, the German economy contracted at an annualized rate of 5.7% due to the global financial crisis and the debt crisis in the euro area. In 2020, the country's GDP contracted by 4.9% due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Unemployment decreased threefold
When Merkel first became chancellor, she called economic growth and the fight against unemployment the main goals of her government. “ I am confident that the success of our coalition will be judged depending on the answer to the question, there are more jobs in the country, '' & mdash; she said. To reverse the negative trend in the German economy and fight unemployment, the government announced the abolition of privileges for newly hired workers so that companies would be more active in hiring employees. At the same time, the authorities announced an increase in VAT and income tax for wealthy citizens.
Over the 16 years of Merkel's tenure in power, Germany has managed to significantly improve the situation on the labor market. In 2005, the country's unemployment rate was 11.2% (compared to the 9% average for the eurozone countries). Until 2019, the share of unemployed in Germany was falling every year. In 2009 & mdash; in the midst of the economic crisis & mdash; the unemployment rate in Germany (7.7%) fell below the eurozone average (9.5%) for the first time. As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Germany stood at 4.3% – & mdash; almost two times lower than the average for the euro area (8.2%).
In 2013, Merkel called youth unemployment the most dangerous problem for Europe. In contrast to the southern countries of the eurozone, Germany has managed to avoid the problem of lack of jobs for young people. In 2005, the share of unemployed Germans 15 & ndash; 24 years old was 15.5% & mdash; a record high in the 21st century. By 2010, this figure was 9.8%, and by 2019, & mdash; 5.8%.
Immigration to Germany has broken records
During her tenure as head of government, there was a record influx of immigrants in the country's post-war history. Migration peaked in 2015, when 2 million foreigners entered the country. In subsequent years, this figure decreased: in 2016 & mdash; 1.7 million, in 2017 and 2018 & mdash; 1.4 million each, in 2019 & mdash; 1.3 million, in 2020 & mdash; 1 million people. Until 2010, the number of foreigners entering Germany did not exceed 700 thousand, in 2005 this figure was 579.3 thousand.
The factor that spurred migration to Germany was the crisis in the Middle East and the war in Syria. In 2015, Merkel announced her readiness to accept Syrian refugees, regardless of which EU country they ended up in first. “I’m sure that if we solve this extremely difficult task associated with the reception and integration of such a large flow of people, then tomorrow it will open up new opportunities for us,” & mdash; she said. The Chancellor admitted that the process of accepting migrants can be difficult, but nevertheless stressed that Germany has always benefited from the integration of migrants – & mdash; both for the economy and for civil society.
Subsequently, there have been a number of attacks and terrorist attacks in Germany involving immigrants from the Middle East and North Africa. The German authorities have stepped up rhetoric to reassure voters that the situation is under control. In January 2017, Merkel called for an expedited expulsion of denied asylum migrants after Tunisian-born Anis Amri drove a truck into a crowd at a Christmas market in Berlin. In the summer of 2018, the German authorities approved a series of measures to tighter control over migration.
Traditional parties are losing popularity
During Merkel's tenure in power, the traditional parties & mdash; the center-right alliance of the Christian Democratic Union and the Christian Social Union (CDU/CSU bloc) and the center-left Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) & mdash; lost popularity, and more radical forces, on the contrary, improved their election results. In particular, the far-right Alternative for Germany has strengthened its position. (AfD), established in 2013, as well as the Greens, advocating for social rights of citizens and the use of renewable energy sources.
In 2005, the CDU/CSU and the SPD together received 69.4% of the vote, in 2009 – & mdash; 56.8%, while the liberal Free Democratic Party gained 14.6%. In 2013, the share of voters who voted for two traditional parties was 67.5%, and smaller parties were unable to impose competition on traditional political forces. In 2017, the SPD and the CDU/CSU collected 53.4% of the vote for two, and the ultra-right AfD became the third most popular party with 12.6%.
Analysts cite several reasons for this fragmentation. First, the increase in migration to Germany has fueled interest in the AfD, which promised to tighten the rules for entering the country and protect German culture. Second, the SPD's decision to enter a coalition with the CDU/CSU created the impression that the left-wing party no longer advocates for the interests of left-wing voters. Therefore, the former SPD electorate moved to more radical forces & mdash; Green and the Left Party (the successor to the Socialist Unity Party of Germany that ruled in the GDR).
Defense spending has grown by one and a half times
Germany's defense spending in 2020 amounted to $ 52.8 billion & mdash; $ 22.4 billion (or 74%) more than in 2005.
As of 2020, Germany ranked first in the EU in terms of spending on defense, however, overtaking France by this indicator by only $ 17.7 thousand, follows from the data of the Stockholm Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). The defense spending of the UK that left the EU in 2020 amounted to $ 59.2 billion.
At the same time, as a percentage of GDP, Germany's military budget has never exceeded 1.5% over the past 16 years. In 2020, the country's defense spending was less than 1.4% of GDP, with 2.1% in France and 1.6% in Italy.
In 2014, NATO countries decided not to reduce military spending until 2024 years to bring them to the “ norm '' & mdash; 2% of GDP. During the presidency of Donald Trump, the discussion about the inadequate spending of European countries on defense escalated. Trump argued that he did not understand why America was obliged to provide Germany with assistance in containing Russia, while Berlin was not strengthening its own military forces and purchasing energy resources from Moscow.
In 2019, German Defense Minister Annegret Kramp- Karrenbauer stated that the level of the country's defense spending at that time was & mdash; 1.2% of GDP & mdash; unacceptable, calling for an increase to 2%. She explained this by confronting external challenges, including from Russia. Merkel herself has repeatedly argued that she is committed to increasing defense spending. At the same time, the Chancellor clarified that it will probably be possible to bring spending to 2% of GDP only by the beginning of the 2030s.
Subscribe to RBC's Telegram Get news faster than anyone
The British Defense Minister believes that the new air defense system will provide opportunities that were not previously available, and will bring the country to the forefront in the field of ground air defense systems
The British Army has adopted the new Sky Saber air defense system. This is reported by the UK Department of Defense.
“Sky Saber, with unprecedented speed, accuracy, characteristics” … “, will be able to hit an object the size of a tennis ball moving at the speed of sound”, “& mdash; says the message.
The commander of the 16th Royal Artillery Regiment, Lieutenant Colonel Chris Lane, commenting on the event, said that with the help of the Sky Saber, the British army will be able to “ compete with colleagues and defeat the most serious opponents. '' “ It gives us opportunities that we didn't have before. This new missile system, with a new launcher and world-class radar, will certainly put us at the forefront of ground-based air defense, '' & mdash; he added.
According to The Times, the new air defense systems were handed over to the British army “ to counter the threat posed by modern Russian fighters. '' The newspaper's sources say the Defense Ministry wanted to launch the Sky Saber “ to counter threats posed by Russian stealth fighters such as the Su-57, which NATO has codenamed Felon. ''
On November 19, Great Britain and Poland signed a statement of intent under which British manufacturers will help Warsaw develop a multibillion-pound Narew air defense system. The agreements were reached during a visit to Poland by British Defense Minister Ben Wallace. “ This agreement will fundamentally change our defense cooperation with Poland and pave the way for our military forces to interact even more closely. [Polish National Defense Minister Mariusz] Blaszczak and I are looking forward to the development of the ground-based air defense system. '', & Mdash; he said then.
The department clarified that British CAMM missiles were approved for the new air defense family. According to the Ministry of Defense, flying at supersonic speeds, they can destroy stealth aircraft and high-speed missiles. Each missile in this family is equipped with an advanced active radar finder that can detect even the most subtle targets. “ The UK and Poland have historically stood shoulder to shoulder in the face of many threats, we will continue to deepen our partnership '', & mdash; Wallace added.
Turkish President Recep Erdogan said in 2018 that the country had begun developing its own long-range missile defense system. On December 5, 2021, the head of Turkey's defense industry, Ismail Demir, said that the Siper long-range missile defense system under development could outperform the Russian S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems (SAM).
“ The development of the Siper air defense system is gradually approaching completion. We believe that it will reach the level of the S-400 air defense system or even surpass it, '', & mdash; said the official.
Subscribe to VK RBC Receive news faster than anyone
The likelihood of leaving is high, but there are no complaints about the politician Governor of the Orenburg Region Denis Pasler may resign. This is a personal initiative of the head of the region, sources told RBC
Governor of the Orenburg region Denis Pasler may leave his post, two sources familiar with the situation in the region told RBC. Currently, there are active consultations with the presidential administration on this topic, the likelihood of leaving is very high, said one of the interlocutors. At the same time, both sources of RBC emphasize that there are no complaints about Pasler's work at the governor's post, the initiative to leave – & mdash; his own. With what it is connected, the interlocutors of RBC declined to comment.
They also found it difficult to answer the question of exactly when the governor of the Orenburg region may leave & mdash; before the end of this year or next.
RBC sent a request to the press service of the Governor of the Orenburg Region.
In turn, an interlocutor close to the presidential administration told RBC that there would be no planned gubernatorial resignations by the end of the year. Resignations are only possible of an “ emergency nature '' & mdash; for example, if some head of the region finds himself in a sharply negative situation requiring the adoption of personnel decisions.
Denis Pasler has currently worked in his post for less than three years: in March 2019, he was appointed to the post of interim head region and in September of the same year was elected in the first round with a result of 65.9% of the vote.
Pasler is 43 years old, he is from Severouralsk, Sverdlovsk region. Prior to his arrival in the Orenburg region, Pasler served as chairman of the board of PJSC T Plus & mdash; the largest private company operating in the energy and heat supply sector. He also served as chairman of the government of the Sverdlovsk region, was the general director of the Severouralsky plant of concrete goods, a deputy of the Legislative Assembly of the Sverdlovsk region, the general director of OJSC Yekaterinburggaz.
In 2020, in the Orenburg region against the background of the pandemic, a jump in the unemployment rate was recorded: an indicator that did not exceed 4.5% since 2017 reached 5.9% (55.4 thousand people). At the same time, in 2021 the situation has changed & mdash; Head of the Regional Ministry of Labor Naila Iskhakova noted in August that since the beginning of 2021 the number of unemployed has decreased by 65%. Investment in fixed assets in the region decreased by the end of 2020 compared to 2019 by 6%, to 198.97 billion rubles. From January to September 2021, the indicator amounted to 121.2 billion rubles. The real average monthly salary in 2019 – 2020 grew by an average of 3.8% (the figure for the Volga Federal District is – 3.5%).
Among the Russian regions in terms of vaccination, the region is in the middle. On December 3, 854073 people received the second dose of the vaccine – & mdash; This is 43.96 doses per 100 people and 38th place among all regions of Russia, follows from the calculations of RBC based on the data of the operational headquarters, published on the site “ stopcoronavirus.rf ''.
Subscribe to VK RBC Receive news faster than anyone
The State Department justified NATO's right to expand with an open door policy The journalists reminded the State Department official that Secretary of State James Baker promised in 1990 to Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev not to expand NATO eastward
The North Atlantic Alliance is ready to accept new members, since it is pursuing a policy open doors. This was stated at a briefing by US State Department spokesman Ned Price.
He was reminded that Secretary of State James Baker had promised Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev in 1990 not to expand NATO eastward.
“ Listen, like previous administrations, we made it clear that NATO's doors are open, we are committed to the open-door policy that was put forward in Bucharest, that NATO should remain an option for aspirants when they are ready and able to fulfill their respective obligations … . that they are capable of & mdash; capable and willing & mdash; to contribute to security in the Euro-Atlantic region & raquo;, & mdash; answered Price.
He stressed that the State Department supports the “ right of Ukraine to independently decide its future. ''
“ No one else should have the right to veto what NATO decides, what a country like Ukraine seeks to do. Ukraine specifically has the right to determine its own foreign policy course without outside interference. This is a very important principle of a rules-based international order that the United States has defended and promoted around the world, '', & mdash; emphasized the representative of the State Department.
Price also gave assurances that NATO is a defensive alliance. “ It is defensive in nature. This is a defensive orientation. The idea that NATO or a challenger country like Ukraine could pose a threat to Russia … would be laughable if the situation weren't so serious, '' & mdash; added Price.
On December 1, Russian President Vladimir Putin proposed starting substantive negotiations on achieving legal guarantees of NATO's eastward expansion. According to him, Moscow intends to seek “ reliable and long-term security guarantees '' and in negotiations with the United States and its allies, he will “ insist on the development of specific agreements excluding any NATO advance to the east. ''
The Head of State stressed that Moscow needs legal guarantees, because Western countries did not fulfill their oral obligations. “Everyone is aware of the oral assurances given that NATO will not expand eastward,” & mdash; noted Putin, but, according to him, everything was done exactly the opposite. The President stressed that “ legitimate Russian security concerns '' were ignored and are still being ignored.
Subscribe to VK RBC Receive news faster than anyone
The American intelligence services have not yet come to the conclusion that Russia intends to “attack” Ukraine, but do not underestimate that Moscow is ready to take risks, said William Burns
Russian was the main language in the USSR, but did not have a special legal status. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the title languages in the former Soviet republics became state languages. What status has Russian received in these countries – in the material of RBC
Thirty years after the collapse of the USSR, the Russian language still remains a kind of cultural basis connecting the inhabitants of the former republics of the Union. Despite the strengthening of the position of the titular languages, Russian speakers will now be understood in almost every of the now independent states in the former USSR.
in 1989. Later, studies of this magnitude were not carried out throughout the entire territory of the former USSR.
Fluent in Russian in the USSR:
After the 'parade of sovereignty' The official status of the Russian language was not fixed in all the republics. Somewhere, for example in Belarus, it is considered the second state, somewhere (in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan) & mdash; official, and in Tajikistan it has been assigned the status of a language of interethnic communication.
In some countries, the discussion about the admissibility of the official use of the Russian language continues to this day. In particular, in Moldova, the status of the interethnic Russian language was finally deprived in January 2021. Disputes about the Russian language continue in Ukraine, the position of the Ukrainian language is being strengthened in the country and norms are being introduced obliging to use it. The move away from the use of the Russian language took place in Turkmenistan. In 1993, they switched to the Latin alphabet, then they began to reduce the broadcasting of Russian programs and banned the import of publications in Russian.
In almost all republics of the former USSR, the volume of education in Russian is decreasing, most states guarantee education only in the state language.
In Russian & mdash; free or almost
Free official use of the Russian language is regulated in Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. At the same time Belarus is the only former Soviet republic where Russian is considered the second state. It was declared as such in the language law of 1990.
In the Belarusian Constitution of 1994, Russian is also called the second state language. This status is also confirmed by the new law on languages adopted in 1995. In Belarus, citizens have the right to independently choose the language of communication, and government agencies and all organizations are required to consider appeals submitted both in Russian and in Belarusian. Government officials must be proficient in both languages “ to the extent necessary for the performance of their official duties. ''
In Kazakhstan Russian is the official language and, according to the 1997 Law on Language, is used in the work of government bodies and local self-government on an equal basis with Kazakh. This status is guaranteed by the Constitution adopted in 1995. At the same time, in order to improve the educational level in the country in 2007, the state program “ Trinity of Languages '' was approved by presidential decree. It “ seeks to create conditions for equal use and learning. '' in the country of Kazakh, Russian and English languages.
In the Constitution of Kyrgyzstan from 2001, it is said that Kyrgyz is declared the state language in the country, but Russian is allowed to be used as the official one. The 2003 Education Law notes that the state “ creates conditions for citizens to learn the state, official, and one international language in preschool and basic general education institutions. '' Education in the country can be conducted in any language, subject to state educational standards and programs.
At the same time, according to the law of 2004 on the state language, Kyrgyz is the main one for use in government bodies and the education system, but the use of Russian is not prohibited & mdash; it can be used “ when necessary '', the requirements for which are not regulated.
Tajikistan is currently the only one in the territory of the former USSR, where for Russian is legally assigned the status of a language of international communication.
According to the Constitution adopted in 1994, Tajik was declared the state language, and instruction is conducted in it. At the same time, the law on education allows students to study in other languages, including Russian. This can be organized “ with a significant number of students in their native language and with the condition of creating special classes or groups. '' The Russian language can be freely used for communication.
Russian as a foreign
The status of a foreign language is currently assigned to the Russian language in two countries & mdash; Latvia and Estonia.
The Russian language was actually deprived of its official status in Estonia since 1991, after the republic gained independence. Language Law was adopted in 1995 and operated until 2011. In it, all languages, with the exception of Estonian, were officially declared foreign. The law permitted the use of foreign languages in advertisements, signs, signs and announcements in public places, product labeling and instructions for medicines, but only as a supplement to information in Estonian. Moreover, the amount of information in a foreign language should not exceed the amount of information in Estonian.
A new national language law was adopted in Estonia in 2011. According to its provisions, signs, signs, notifications of legal entities, names and outdoor advertising must be implemented in Estonian. The law prescribes that office work in state institutions and authorities at the state and local level should be conducted in Estonian. Officials and civil servants are required to speak in Estonian in the media.
In Latvia in 1998, amendments to the Constitution were adopted, according to which the Latvian language was declared the only state language. According to the Constitution, persons belonging to national minorities were endowed with the right to “ preserve and develop their language, ethnic and cultural identity. '' In 1999, the republic adopted and in 2000 came into force the law “ On the state language '', which declared any other language used in the republic to be a foreign one. State institutions accept requests and documents only in Latvian, information is also provided only in Latvian.
In neighboring Lithuania legislation only fixes the status of Lithuanian state for Lithuanian, without defining the status of Russian. At the same time, the country has norms on the protection of the rights of national minorities. In particular, the law on education allows teaching in national languages in areas with dense populations of minorities. But in schools there, compulsory learning of the Lithuanian language is still prescribed.
The republic has ratified the 1995 Council of Europe Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities; it entered into force in 2000. In Lithuania, there is a Department of National Minority Affairs under the Government, an advisory council of national communities, and a program for financing projects of centers of national minorities is in place. The republic plans to adopt a special law on national minorities, which should systematize the linguistic, educational and cultural rights of representatives of a non-titular nation.
The law on language, adopted in 1995, prescribes the conduct of office work in state structures and correspondence with them in the Lithuanian language. In Lithuanian, court hearings are to be held, transactions are formalized, and official events are held. Lithuania guarantees its citizens education only in the state language & mdash; Lithuanian.
Downgraded in status or without it
The most dramatic development of the situation around the Russian language in Moldova and Ukraine.
The Law “ On the Functioning of Languages '' accepted in Moldavia back in 1989, in it the status of the state language was assigned to the Moldovan language in the Latin spelling. Later, amendments were made to the law, which designated Russian as the language of interethnic communication. Attempts to deprive the Russian language of this status have been made in the country's parliament since 2013; in 2018, the corresponding decision was made by the Constitutional Court.
In December 2020, the Moldovan parliament, on the initiative of the socialists, adopted a new law on the functioning of languages, in which the status of interethnic was returned to Russian. However, on January 21, 2021, the Constitutional Court canceled this provision. All official paperwork and work of the authorities is carried out in Moldovan. The state guarantees education in the state language and, if necessary, in minority languages.
In Moldova there were disputes over the name of the state language & mdash; it was originally called Moldovan, but then it was officially called Romanian.
On Ukraine Russian was considered a regional language where more than 10% of its speakers lived. Now it has no status, but the Constitution of the country, calling Ukrainian state-owned, promises to guarantee the “ free development, use and protection of the Russian language. ''
The status of the Ukrainian language as the only state language was established in April 2019 after the adoption of the relevant law by the Verkhovna Rada. The document contained norms on the use of Ukrainian in the media, prescribed teaching in schools only in the state language, and also introduced a new position of a language commissioner, whose duties should include monitoring that Ukrainian is not discriminated against.
Since 2016, the country's authorities have introduced language quotas for radio and television, as a result of which, by 2019, the share of the Ukrainian language on the air of TV averaged 92%, on radio & mdash; 86%. In the fall of 2017, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a law on the complete cessation of education in the languages of national minorities in schools by 2020.
In January 2021, a law on the compulsory use of the state language in the service sector came into force in Ukraine. Customer service in other languages became possible only with the “ mutual consent of the parties. ''
In Azerbaijan Russian also has no official status. The 2002 Law on the State Language prescribes the study of Azerbaijani and its use in the political, social, economic and scientific spheres. The Constitution, adopted in the republic in 1995, allows education in minority languages, and the 2009 Law on Education regulates this and requires mandatory compliance with state standards. At the same time, mass education in the country is conducted in the Azerbaijani language, it is possible to study in other languages “ taking into account the wishes of citizens and educational institutions '' and “ as part of groups and classes. ''
В Armenia the title language was declared by the state Constitution as amended in 1995, however, the Basic Law guarantees the freedom to use the languages of national minorities. Adopted earlier, in 1993, the language law prescribes teaching in Armenian, but allows minorities to study in their national languages, but with compulsory teaching in Armenian.
Free use of other languages, including Russian, is not prohibited. There are Russian schools in Armenia, education in Russian can be obtained in several universities. Mass media can be published in Russian, Russian TV channels are broadcast in the country.
In Georgia The 1995 Constitution proclaimed Georgian as the state language. It is obliged to know the state and “ public '' employees, it conducts official office work and provides official information to citizens. Other languages are allowed to be freely used for communication.
The state guarantees education only in the Georgian language. According to the law on language adopted in 2017, it is possible to obtain a complete general education in Georgia in a non-state language, but only with the compulsory study of Georgian.
In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which were previously part of Georgia and which in 2008 Russia recognized as independent, the Russian language has a higher status. In South Ossetia Russian is the state language along with Ossetian. In Abkhazia only the Abkhaz language has been declared the state language. Russian, according to the Constitution, along with Abkhaz is recognized as the “ language of state and other institutions. '' In the Abkhaz law “ On the state language '' Russian is defined as “ a means of official communication in the highest bodies of state power. ''
Uzbek has been declared the state language in Uzbekistan in the 1995 Constitution, it conducts office work in organizations and guarantees the education of citizens. The Russian language has no official status, but it can be freely used in everyday life. Also, notarial documents can be translated into Russian at the request of citizens.
Education in non-state languages is not prohibited, citizens can choose the languages of instruction themselves if there are appropriate schools. According to the Ministry of Education, in the 2013/14 academic year, 886 schools with instruction in Russian operated in the country, where 8.95% of the country's schoolchildren studied.
In Turkmenistan (then the Turkmen SSR) the language law was adopted in 1990, according to which Russian was considered the language of interethnic communication. However, the 1992 Constitution declared the Turkmen language the state language, depriving Russian of any status. In 1993, the country translated the alphabet into the Latin alphabet, abandoning the Cyrillic alphabet, and embarked on a course to reduce the use of the Russian language, in particular, in the media. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, teaching was introduced in educational institutions of all types, regardless of their form, only in Turkmen. At the same time, the use of Russian for communication is not officially prohibited, it is also taught in some schools and kindergartens as a foreign language.
Status of languages in Russia
В in modern Russia, the Russian language has the status of a state language, a provision on this is contained in the Constitution. At the same time, the republics within Russia have the right to establish their own state languages, which should be used on an equal basis with Russian in government bodies and state institutions. There are 22 republics in Russia, in all, except for Karelia, national languages are declared state on a par with Russian.
According to the Ministry of Education and Science, peoples living in Russia use from 277 to 295 languages and dialects for communication. 105 languages are used in the state education system throughout the country: 24 & mdash; as the language of instruction, 81 & mdash; as a subject of study.
Subscribe to RBC's Telegram Receive news faster than anyone
Russia responded to an article by Bloomberg on a plan for US and EU sanctions to restrict the exchange of the ruble The Economic Committee of the Federation Council believes that the situation around Ukraine is “inflated in the media” in order to influence the work of Russian financial institutions. Russia does not intend to attack Ukraine, stressed in the Duma Committee on the Financial Market
The opinion that Russia will attack Ukraine, & mdash; this is nonsense, State Duma deputy, head of the financial market committee Anatoly Aksakov told RBC. So he commented on the Bloomberg material that Western countries are discussing new sanctions against Moscow with restrictions on currency exchange if the Russian side decides to “ attack '' Ukraine.
“[Attack] will not happen. There is nothing more to discuss here. If they want to come up with an attack & mdash; it's different. And so & mdash; there is nothing to talk about & raquo;, & mdash; said Aksakov.
Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Economic Policy Ivan Abramov stressed that Russia has no intentions to attack anyone and the country's authorities have spoken about this more than once. “ I believe this is being hyped through the media to influence the way our financial institutions operate, '' & mdash; he told RBC.
“ These are statements from the realm of fantasy: 'if they do this, then we will do it …' ' But all adults, and it's time to end fantasies. It is clear that in this way they are trying to discredit financial institutions, creating a stir in the media, coming up with different scenarios, '', & mdash; Abramov believes.
According to Konstantin Dolgov, Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Economic Policy, talks about sanctions are “ politicized and illusory in nature '', in the West there are supporters of strengthening restrictions against Russia “ under any pretext. '' Dolgov noted that it is difficult to draw conclusions about Russia's readiness for sanctions until they are introduced. “ If a decision is made to continue this sanctions line, [it should be taken into account] that it hits, among other things, the interests of Western business, primarily European. & lt; & hellip; & gt; These two-edged sanctions undoubtedly hit the interests of Western countries too, '', & mdash; he pointed out.
According to the deputy chairman of the Federation Council committee, the Russian economy and financial system are coping with the unilateral sanctions that were introduced earlier, this was achieved thanks to import substitution measures, the stability of the macro-financial structure, and the development of the economic and industrial sector as a whole. “ It's another matter that the sanctions policy of the West is consistently destroying and upsetting the balance of the world financial and economic system. And the problems that this policy aggravates will undoubtedly hit even more Western companies themselves, '', & mdash; believes Dolgov.
Bloomberg, citing sources, wrote that the United States and the European Union are considering the possibility of introducing restrictive measures against the largest Russian banks and the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF). Among the most likely restrictions, the agency said, could be the conversion of rubles into dollars and other foreign currencies, including euros and pounds sterling. According to the agency, US President Joe Biden will warn his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin about this during a conversation on December 7.
CNN also reported that the United States is considering the possibility of anti-Russian sanctions in the event of an aggravation in Ukraine. According to the sources of the TV channel, the measures may affect the sovereign debt of Russia, and individuals “ from Putin's inner circle '', Russian energy companies and banks may also be included in the sanctions list. A radical option, according to CNN, is to disconnect Russia from the interbank SWIFT system: according to the interlocutors, the American authorities are ready to take such measures in order to “ keep Putin from invading Ukraine. ''
Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov called the CNN story a continuation of the 'information hysteria'. According to Vladimir Dzhabarov, First Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on International Affairs, the United States will not apply measures to disconnect the country from SWIFT, since it will be difficult for Europeans to do without Russia, which will be outside the payment system. Committee member Sergei Tsekov admitted that the United States would nevertheless try to put pressure on Russia, but, according to him, the country created “ a certain protection '' in this case.
The Russian side has repeatedly denied reports that Russia may 'invade'; to Ukraine early next year (Bild, Associated Press and other media wrote about this), and stressed that Moscow was not planning any aggression against Kiev. The head of the Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR) Sergei Naryshkin called reports of a potential 'invasion' Russia to Ukraine as a “ malicious propaganda action by the US State Department, '' which is trying to foment a conflict.
RBC app Customize the feed according to your interests, read only what is important for you
According to the Investigative Committee, the detainee found explosives, which he himself made from scrap materials
A teenager was detained in the Yaroslavl region for illegal possession of explosives and sawn-off shotguns. He was in the private chats of the Telegram messenger, where he called for violent actions against the authorities and law enforcement agencies.
“ It has been established that in the period until December 5, 2021, the suspect, being a member of the closed chats of the Telegram messenger, uniting radical citizens calling for violent actions against representatives of the authorities and law enforcement, while at the place of residence in the village of Kamenki, Rybinsk District, Yaroslavl Region, from pre-purchased chemicals self-made explosive & mdash; acetone triperoxide, which was later illegally stored at the place of residence '', & mdash; reported in the Investigative Committee.
The criminal case was initiated under Part 1 of Art. 223.1 of the Criminal Code (illegal manufacture, storage of explosives) and part 1 of Art. 222.1 (illegal possession of firearms and ammunition).
The explosives were seized, the teenager was detained, the issue of a preventive measure is being decided. The operation was attended by officers of the FSB and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Yaroslavl Region.
On the same day, December 7, RBC sources in the Moscow police reported that an armed 18-year-old young man had been detained near the capital's school No. 1297.
According to the interlocutors, employees of the Moscow Department of Education monitored the social network VKontakte and found there a message from a young man threatening to blow up the school. They passed this information to the police department for the Meshchansky district. “At about 2 pm, the police detained a man near the school entrance,” “mdash. added source. The police are checking the circumstances of the incident.
Subscribe to YouTube RBK Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of programs on our YouTube channel
Talks between Vladimir Putin and Joe Biden will take place tonight. For the first time, a closed video communication line will be used for this. Will the leaders of Russia and the United States be able to come to an agreement and what compromises can there be – in the material of RBC
Subscribe to YouTube RBC Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of programs on our YouTube channel
On Tuesday, December 7, Russian and US Presidents Vladimir Putin and Joe Biden will hold video talks. What the leaders of the countries will discuss and whether they will be able to agree on anything – on the special air of the RBK channel
Subscribe to FB RBK Receive news faster than anyone
Photo: Alexander Kornyushchenko
CIA Director William Burns, who served as US Ambassador to Russia in 2005-2008, admitted that“ most of the gray hair “he got while working in Moscow. Especially during negotiations on an interim agreement with Iran to limit its nuclear program.
“The rest of my gray hair is associated with negotiations with the Iranians, especially with secret negotiations in 2013 on nuclear weapons,” he said. Director of the CIA.
This is a Joint Action Plan concluded by Tehran and the six countries participating in the agreement. Work on the treaty lasted 20 months due to Iran's internal problems and the complexity of the problem.
The 31-year-old British military man has filed a lawsuit against the Ministry of Defense with a claim of 1 million euros due to a stutter he allegedly received as a result of cold weather during his three-week stay in Estonia at the end of November 2017.
In 2018, a similar lawsuit already took place. A British soldier of African descent then also filed a lawsuit against the military department, which “could not protect him from frost.”
A similar episode is dated 2016. Then the native of Ghana also froze to death during the exercises (in 2013). According to the military, due to his nationality, he was freezing more than other soldiers, and the soldier was constantly short of hot food and drinks.
None of these claims from the UK Defense Ministry, which plans to expand “opposition to Russia” in cold arctic region, did not make a single payment.
Representative of the Chinese Embassy in Washington, DC Liu Pengyu, said that the boycott, which the US authorities decided to announce the Olympic Games in Beijing, is “political manipulation” and “pretentious” step.
Representative of the Chinese Embassy in Washington Liu Pengyu said that the boycott, which the US authorities decided to announce the Olympic Games in Beijing, is” political manipulation “and” pretentious »Step. This is reported by Reuters.
“I believe that this 'diplomatic boycott' came out of nowhere, since no invitations were sent to American politicians. This step is just political manipulation and a serious distortion of the spirit of the Olympic Charter, “Pengyu said.
Among other things, he added that the arrival of politicians from the United States will not bother anyone and will not in any way affect the holding of the Winter Olympics, which will be held in 2022 in Beijing.
Recall that on the eve of the American authorities decided to declare a diplomatic boycott of the Winter Olympic Games, which are to be held from 4 to 20 February next year in the capital of China.
Beijing refutes data on the construction of a naval facility in Equatorial Guinea
US intelligence claims that China intends to build a naval base in the Atlantic Ocean in Equatorial Guinea. US intelligence officials believe that Beijing is negotiating with an African country to build a military port in the city of Bata. The prospect of the Chinese acquiring a military base overlooking the Atlantic and the United States deeply worried Washington. In China, however, these data are not confirmed.
According to a US intelligence report, China is allegedly seeking permission from Equatorial Guinea to build a military base off its coast – a move that will give Beijing a foothold in the Atlantic and deep worries Washington.
According to the Daily Mail, US intelligence officials believe that Xi Jinping hopes to convince President of the West African state, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, to allow the expansion of the existing port in Bata, Equatorial Guinea, and transform it into a military base.
If China turns the port of Bata to a military base, allowing Beijing to repair and rearm its warships and other naval equipment in the same waters as the US East Coast.
“As part of our diplomacy to address maritime security issues, we have made it clear to Equatorial Guinea that certain potential moves related to [Chinese] activities there could raise national security concerns,” The Wall said Sunday Street Journal is a senior Biden administration official. & Nbsp;
US officials have previously described a Chinese military base in Atlantic waters as a nightmare scenario for the United States amid tensions between the two countries over Taiwan and the origins of COVID.
China has a military base in Djibouti, East Africa, opened in 2017. It is located on the other side of the African continent and overlooks the waters of the Gulf of Aden.
In 2009, China upgraded a commercial port in Equatorial Guinea, in the city of Bata, the largest city on the mainland. The country's capital, Malabo, is located on an island an hour's flight from the mainland.
In October, Joe Biden's deputy national security adviser, Jonathan Feiner, was sent to Equatorial Guinea to speak with the African president about the matter. According to the Daily Mail, the 79-year-old president, the oldest African leader who has ruled the country for 42 years, sent his son and heir apparent to meet with Finer.
Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mange, a 53-year-old vice president and world renowned representative of the regime, posted a video on Instagram where he meets Feiner on October 19 and thanks him for the visit. A week later, he tweeted pictures of him meeting the Chinese delegation and thanked them for supporting his country. He confirmed that a high-level delegation from Equatorial Guinea will travel to Senegal later this month to attend the China-Africa Forum. The meeting is likely to be followed closely in Washington.
In April, General Stephen Townsend, the commander of the US African Command, declared in the Senate that the “ most significant threat '' on the part of China there will be a “ naval facility on the Atlantic coast of Africa. '' He added, “I’m talking about a port that can rearm and repair ships.”
Two months later, Major General Andrew Rawling, commander of the US Army's South European Task Force in Africa, said the US was concerned about that the Chinese will establish a naval base in Equatorial Guinea, which will then provide them with a naval presence in the Atlantic Ocean. ''
The Biden administration tells Equatorial Guinea that it would be unwise to intervene in tensions between the United States and China, according to The Wall Street Journal.
In a report to Congress this year, the Pentagon said China was “ probably considering '' African bases in Kenya, Seychelles, Tanzania and Angola. “China is not just building a military base like the United States,” said Paul Nantula, a research fellow at the Pentagon-funded African Center for Strategic Studies. – & nbsp; The Chinese model is very, very different. It combines civilian elements and security elements. '' “ The announcement of China's plan to establish its first permanent military base in the Atlantic Ocean is untrue and is the latest US move to inflate the 'Chinese threat', said Chinese military experts. ''
It is not uncommon to see the United States 'disclose information' China is building a military base overseas and is fanning the “ Chinese threat, '' according to the Global Times. Previous reports citing US intelligence have alleged that China has built or intended to build military bases in Sri Lanka, the border regions of Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Argentina and Abu Dhabi.
But the fact is that the PRC has only one overseas support base, which is located in Djibouti and is also China's first overseas base, according to the Global Times. And on November 26, 2015, the Chinese Ministry of National Defense announced negotiations with Djibouti on the construction of an auxiliary facility. This means that if Beijing is going to build its second overseas base, it will publish the information ahead of time and openly, analysts say.
An anonymous military expert told the Global Times that the Wall Street Journal article was untrue. But even if China decides to build an overseas support base, it will be incomparable to the United States, which owns almost 800 military bases in more than 80 countries. According to the expert, for China, the creation of a support base somewhere for reasons of humanitarian aid is normal. The Djibouti base has played a role in humanitarian relief in places like the Gulf of Aden and waters off the coast of Somalia, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Since December 2008, China has reportedly deployed naval escort fleets to the Gulf of Aden and the waters off Somalia, completing more than 1,500 escort missions, according to media reports.