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What is a dry thunderstorm?

The cause of natural fires in the Ryazan region was a dry thunderstorm. This was announced by deputy chairman of the government of the region Dmitry Filippov.

In total, there were five hotbeds of natural fires in the region. 1705 tons of water were dumped to extinguish fires. In just two days of extinguishing the fire, the helicopters of the Moscow Aviation Center carried out 300 discharges and dropped 2,160 tons of extinguishing liquid onto the fire.

What is a dry thunderstorm?

Dry Thunderstorm — this is exactly the same thunderstorm with thunder and lightning, but without rain or with minimal precipitation. Meteorologists call this phenomenon virga, or “ghost rain”.

A dry thunderstorm occurs in cumulonimbus clouds at high temperatures (above 30 °C) and low relative humidity (usually less than 30 – 40 %). At this time, the air is so hot that moisture does not reach the surface of the earth, but evaporates in the atmosphere.

To date, the increase in the number of dry thunderstorms is directly related to global warming. Scientists from the University of California at Berkeley have calculated that adding one degree of average annual temperature leads to an increase in the number of thunderstorms by 12%.

What is the danger of dry thunderstorms?

Dry thunderstorms are often called “killers” ; forests on the planet. The strong wind accompanying a thunderstorm contributes to the rapid uncontrolled spread of fire. For example, a dry thunderstorm caused the largest forest fire in Portugal in 2017 and forest fires in Siberia in 2019.

In an urban environment, a dry thunderstorm is less dangerous than a normal thunderstorm because it does not add water flows that adversely affect urban infrastructure.

Can dry thunderstorms be prevented?

No, it is impossible to stop an approaching dry thunderstorm, but it can be predicted. Meteorologists have implemented models that allow forecasting dry thunderstorms three to eight days in advance.


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FSB detained Archie in Krasnodar on suspicion of working for the SBU

According to the intelligence service, the Russian was transferring information abroad that “could be used against the security” of Russia. A criminal case has been initiated on treason


The FSB detained a Russian in Krasnodar on suspicion of passing information to the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), RBC reported at the Public Relations Center (CSP) of the special services.

According to the FSB, the detainee— SBU agent. He acted under the pseudonym Archie, “carried out the initiative collection and transmission of information”; Ukrainian side. On instructions from the SBU, he “illegally received and transferred abroad information that could be used against the security of the Russian Federation,” the FSB said.

A criminal case was initiated under Art. 275 of the Criminal Code (treason), the detainee faces up to 20 years in prison.

After the start of the special operation in Ukraine, Russian citizens were repeatedly detained on suspicion of assisting Kyiv. On February 28, the FSB urged Russians to report contacts with persons whom the Ukrainian special services could use to conduct activities against Russia's security.

In late March, the FSB detained a Russian in Crimea who allegedly worked for the SBU. The secret service announced a check on the involvement of the detainee in treason and espionage (Article 276 of the Criminal Code). In the same month, for “an attempt at an initiative transfer” secret information to the special services of Ukraine detained a resident of Khabarovsk.

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In July, President Vladimir Putin signed a law expanding the concept of espionage (now it will mean the transfer, collection, kidnapping or storage for “transfer to the enemy” of data that can be used against the Russian army), equating to treason, going over to the side of the enemy in the conditions of hostilities and toughening the punishment for mercenarism (Article 359 of the Criminal Code).

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The court postponed consideration of the lawsuit on the liquidation of Sokhnut in Russia

The court granted the Jewish Agency's request to adjourn the meeting. In early August, the presidents of Russia and Israel held talks on the situation with Sokhnut and agreed that contacts on this matter would be continued at the departmental level

The court postponed consideration of the lawsuit to liquidate Sokhnut in Russia

Lawyers Maxim Dyatlov (center) and Andrey Grishaev (right) at the trial on the liquidation of the Sokhnut agency

The Basmanny Court of Moscow has postponed the meeting, which considered the claim for the liquidation of the representative office of the Jewish Agency (“Sohnut”) in Russia, RBC was told in the press service of the court.

The court session was postponed to September 19.

The representative of “Sokhnut” at the trial, he asked to appoint a “two-month conciliation procedure”, but the Ministry of Justice opposed it, and the court refused to appoint such a procedure, Kommersant writes. However, he granted the second motion of the Jewish Agency to postpone the meeting “in order to form a position on new written evidence and try to eliminate the identified violations.”

The Jewish Agency is engaged in repatriation to Israel and assistance to repatriates. In July, the Ministry of Justice demanded the liquidation of its Russian representative office.

As the TV channel “13Reshet” reported, the Russian authorities suspected “Sohnut” in the organization of the “brain drain” and the desire to organize the repatriation of businessmen and scientists in the first place. However, in the Kremlin, the connection between the Ministry of Justice's demand and the “brain drain” refuted. According to the press secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov, to “Dry” there were questions related to compliance with Russian laws.

Against the backdrop of the situation with “Dry” An Israeli delegation visited Russia. The issue was also discussed during telephone conversations by the presidents of Russia and Israel, Vladimir Putin and Yitzhak Herzog, who agreed that contacts on this matter would be continued through the relevant departments of both countries. However, despite the progress made in resolving tensions between Moscow and Tel Aviv, “Dry” is considering the option of physically leaving Russia and continuing to work in the country already remotely: online or by phone, writes the Jerusalem Post.

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German intelligence services saw Russia’s intention to “drive a wedge” into German society

Russia is using the themes of the economic consequences of events in Ukraine and the pandemic to spread fakes and split German society, German intelligence said. The Kremlin called such accusations “Russophobic obsession” 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

In Kosovo allowed the settlement of relations with Serbia

Albin Kurti

Relations between Pristina and Begrad can be settled. This was stated in an interview with El País newspaper by the Prime Minister of the partially recognized Kosovo, Albin Kurti.

“Yes, I think it's possible,”— said Kurti, answering a question about the possibility of settling differences between the two countries before possible EU accession.

Relations between Serbia and Kosovo escalated on July 31, on the eve of the introduction by the Kosovo authorities of a ban on personal documents and license plates issued in Serbia. Pristina decided to take such measures in response to the actions of Belgrade, which does not recognize the certificates issued by Kosovo.

Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic accused Kosovo of preparing an operation against Serbs living in the north of the republic. In the evening of the same day, air raid alerts went off on the border between Kosovo and Serbia; the Kosovo authorities deployed special forces to the border crossings, and the Serbs began to build barricades. The NATO-led international force (KFOR), responsible for ensuring security in Kosovo, has declared its readiness to intervene in the conflict if stability in the region is threatened.

Due to the escalation, Kosovo has postponed the adoption of the law on the termination of the Serbian documents until September 1; Borrell welcomed Pristina's decision. The next day, Serbian Foreign Minister Nikola Selakovich said that the situation in the region had calmed down, but remained “very, very fragile.”

The day before, Kurti held talks with President Vucic. According to the head of European diplomacy, Joseppe Borrell, the negotiations ended in vain.

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«Both leaders agreed on the need to continue the dialogue, negotiations will resume in the coming days. As long as there is time until September 1, I do not give up, — Borrel added.

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In Bryansk, a battalion named after Peresvet was created and women and foreigners were called

The city authorities announced the recruitment of volunteers for the monk Peresvet battalion

The Bryansk military commissariat announced the creation of a battalion named after. Alexander Peresvet, according to the Telegram channel of the city administration.

Peresvet— a native of Bryansk, a monk who participated in the Battle of Kulikovo in 1380. Canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church as a saint.

Those wishing to join the battalion are encouraged to apply to the military registration and enlistment offices at the place of residence or to the selection point under the contract of the Bryansk region. The servicemen are promised a monetary reward in the amount of 210 thousand rubles. and monetary allowance of 150 thousand rubles. per month. Those who joined the battalion and their families will be provided with an expanded social package, and the military themselves will receive the status of “Veteran of Combat Operations”.

The Bryansk administration attached a photo of a leaflet with a QR code to the message, which redirects those interested to the “Contract Service” section. Ministry of Defense website. It lists, in particular, the categories of citizens who can enter the contract service. These are conscripts who, prior to the start of their service, received a higher or secondary vocational education; conscripts who have served for at least three months; citizens in reserve; men with higher or secondary vocational education who are not in the reserve; foreigners legally staying in Russia over the age of 18; women who are not in reserve.

Previously, “News of Bryansk” referring to a source in the local government, they wrote that a registered volunteer unit of 350 people would be formed in the region by the end of the year to participate in a special operation in Ukraine.

The formation of similar units was reported in the Perm Territory, Khabarovsk Territory, Oryol regions, Tatarstan and other regions.

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Mayor of Krasnodar resigns

Andrey Alekseenko

Deputies of Krasnodar prematurely terminated the powers of the head of the city Andrey Alekseenko. This was announced during the meeting, which was broadcast in the group of the City Duma “VKontakte”. The decision was made unanimously.

On the eve of the mayor submitted his resignation of his own free will in connection with the transition to another job. “Kommersant” and TV presenter Vladimir Solovyov, citing sources, reported that Alekseenko would head the council of ministers of the administration of the Kharkiv region (previously, the Krasnodar Territory took patronage over the part of this region of Ukraine occupied by Russian troops during a special operation).

“We understand where you are go. <…> This place is very responsible and— we all perfectly understand— unsafe»,— Vera Galushko, Chairman of the Krasnodar City Duma, commented on Alekseenko's new job.

The outgoing mayor himself also spoke at the meeting. He called the decision to leave important and difficult— “both in the life of an employee and in the life of a person: both the place of residence and the permanent place of work change.” “You all know that the Krasnodar Territory patronizes the Kharkov Region. <…> There, people living in this territory need help, they really need help, and the Krasnodar Territory provides it, — he emphasized.

Alekseenko is 44 years old. He has been the head of Krasnodar since the fall of 2021, before that he was the first deputy governor of the Krasnodar Territory, oversaw construction and architecture issues in the region.

At the end of last year, Alekseenko was detained on suspicion of taking a bribe in the form of weapons worth 1.6 million rubles. A criminal case was opened against him under Part 6 of Art. 290 (taking a bribe on an especially large scale). The case of the mayor was transferred to the central office of the Investigative Committee, it was not terminated, but Alekseenko returned to work on the day of his arrest. According to Kommersant, the head of Krasnodar admits that he received an expensive gun, but insists that it was a birthday present.

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The Black Sea Fleet was headed by the head of the Naval Academy

Vice Admiral Viktor Sokolov said at a meeting with officers that he had been appointed Acting Commander of the Fleet by order of August 10. He replaced Igor Osipov in this position, whose resignation was not officially announced by the Ministry of Defense =”(max-width: 320px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2), (max-width: 320px) and (min-resolution: 192dpi)” >

Viktor Sokolov

The head of the Naval Academy, Vice Admiral Viktor Sokolov, at a meeting with young officers, announced that he had been appointed acting commander of the Black Sea Fleet, TASS reports.

Sokolov clarified that the order of the Minister of Defense appointing him to this position is dated August 10 .

The fact that the head of the academy will replace the current commander-in-chief, Admiral Igor Osipov, was reported on August 17 by Krymskaya Gazeta. and RIA Novosti Crimea. One of the agency's sources noted that in the context of the military operation in Ukraine, “no one is obliged to publicly report such appointments.”

The Black Sea Fleet then called the information about the change of commander in chief gossip: “When it is appointed, then it will officially announced.

The reasons for Osipov's resignation were not officially named. On the website of the Ministry of Defense, he is still listed as the commander of the Black Sea Fleet. The admiral has held this position since May 2019. Prior to that, he was Deputy Chief of the General Staff, even earlier— First Deputy Commander of the Pacific Fleet and Commander of the Caspian Flotilla. Osipov was awarded the Order for Naval Merit.

Viktor Sokolov is 60 years old. Since 2020, he has been in charge of the Naval Academy. N.G. Kuznetsov, before that (since 2013) he was deputy commander of the Northern Fleet. Awarded the Order “For Merit to the Fatherland” IV degree with swords, orders of Nakhimov, “For Military Merit” and “For Naval Merit”.

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July 31, the day of the Russian Navy, the Black Sea Fleet headquarters in Sevastopol was hit according to the Navy, a makeshift drone with a low-yield explosive device was used for the attack. Governor Mikhail Razvozhaev reported six casualties, blaming “Ukronazis” for the attack. The Investigative Committee opened a criminal case on attempted murder.

In April, the flagship of the Black Sea Fleet sank in the Black Sea— cruiser “Moskva”. The Ministry of Defense explained that a fire broke out on the ship, ammunition detonated— as a result, the cruiser's hull was damaged, and while being towed to port, she lost her balance during a storm. Then the department reported that one member of the crew of the “Moskva” was killed. senior midshipman Ivan Vakhrushev, 27 people were missing, 396 were evacuated.

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Detained SBU “FSB agent” spoke about the task to put “bugs” in the Rada

The SBU said that the FSB recruited an employee of the apparatus of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine to install a wiretap in the parliament building. However,

Detained SBU «FSB agent» told about the task to install «bugs» ; in the Rada

The building of the Verkhovna Rada in Kyiv

The counterintelligence service of the Security Service of Ukraine learned about the plans of the FSB to install listening devices in the premises of the Verkhovna Rada, the agency said.

To install the “bugs”, the FSB recruited an employee of the apparatus of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine . According to the SBU, an employee of the support unit of the apparatus of the Rada was persuaded to cooperate by a staff member of the FSB during a visit to Crimea, even before the start of a special military operation in Ukraine.

“At the direction of his Russian handler, the agent must collect intelligence on the visits of foreign delegations to the Ukrainian parliament, including on their personal composition, as well as on the content of official and informal conversations,” — The SBU said in a statement.

In addition, the recruited officer was instructed to study the possibility of installing special technical means of secret collection of information “in the halls and corridors” We are glad, the department clarifies.

However, the listening devices were never installed by the “Moscow agent”, since he left the state institution before the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, and tried to get a job at a “strategically important facility in the Zhytomyr region.”

“For this, he underwent a special check, during which the SBU specialists discovered the fact of recruitment,” — SBU reported. After that, “the agent voluntarily reported and spoke in detail about the tasks of the Russian special services,” the agency claims.

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RBC sent a request to the FSB.

Based on his testimony, a criminal case was opened in Ukraine under the article on treason (Article 111 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine). According to this article, high treason under martial law is punishable by imprisonment for a term of 15 years to life imprisonment. At the same time, if a citizen of Ukraine has not taken any action to “perform a criminal task”; and voluntarily reported recruitment attempts, he is released from criminal liability.

In late July, the FSB reported that Ukraine planned to hijack Russian combat aircraft. The secret services of NATO and Ukraine offered Russian military pilots money and citizenship of one of the European countries in exchange for the fact that they would ferry planes to Ukrainian airfields. The planned operation was stopped.

In this operation of the Ukrainian special services to hijack Russian combat aircraft, Bellingcat investigator (the Russian authorities entered the organization into the registers of unwanted and foreign media agents) Hristo Grozev participated in this operation, according to the FSB. Grozev himself stated on Twitter that the “evidence” his participation in this operation is falsified, and that he is related to this story only “as a documentary filmmaker”.

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Lithuania urged to cancel tourist visas already issued to Russians

Lithuanian Foreign Minister Landsbergis called on the EU to cancel long-term visas issued to Russians Even if the EU bans the issuance of new visas, Russians already have a large number of long-term visas in their hands, Lithuania said, calling for the cancellation of issued permits. The Russian Foreign Ministry warned that they would not leave the sanctions unanswered

Views of Lithuania

The European Union must immediately cancel Schengen visas already issued to Russians and Belarusians, Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis said in his column for Politico.

Even if the EU stopped issuing visas to Russian tourists, he said, the ban would not solve the problem, as Russians already had “large numbers” of multiple entry visas for a period of three years or more. “This means that even without the issuance of new visas, a significant number of tourists will still have the opportunity to enjoy the European lifestyle, which, according to the authorities of Russia and Belarus, should be despised and even fought against,” & mdash; said Landsbergis.

In this regard, the countries of the European Union must find a joint and effective solution that will make the visa ban “as effective as possible,” he continued. “And that decision must include an immediate, clear no.” Russian and Belarusian tourists, canceling already issued long-term multiple-entry visas at least until the end [of hostilities in Ukraine] and continuing to receive those who seek asylum, not vacations in Europe, — the minister wrote.

Lithuania, along with Latvia and Estonia, advocated a ban on the issuance of Schengen visas to Russians. Actively discussing this measure in the EU began after Russia opened the land borders that it has, including with the Baltic countries and Finland. After that, these states said that Russian tourists use them as a transit point for trips around Europe. From there, the Russians can fly to other EU countries, while this cannot be done from Russia: since the end of February, in response to a special operation in Ukraine, the European Union has closed the sky for Russian aircraft.

The Russian Foreign Ministry warned that if the EU or its individual countries ban the issuance of visas to Russians, Moscow will respond to this. In turn, Tatyana Moskalkova, Commissioner for Human Rights in Russia, noted that such a ban by the European Union would grossly violate the fundamental principle of freedom of movement, enshrined in universal and regional international legal acts. And calls for such measures— these are “manifestations of nationalism and discrimination,” she said.

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In honor of the deceased in Ukraine, the deputy head of the Black Sea Fleet named a boat

Patrushev called the special operation a pretext for an anti-Russian campaign

Patrushev called the special operation a pretext for an anti-Russian campaign

Nikolay Patrushev

The West unleashed a hybrid war against Russia, and a special military operation in Ukraine is used only as a pretext for an anti-Russian campaign, Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev believes at the 17th meeting of the secretaries of state security councils— members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).

“The special military operation launched by our country in Ukraine is used only as a pretext for launching an unprecedented global anti-Russian campaign”,— said Patrushev (TASS quote).

According to Patrushev, Moscow's proposals “to form long-term legally binding security guarantees were rejected.” “Instead of searching for mutually acceptable ways to dialogue, attempts are being made to isolate Russia in the international arena, illegitimate sanctions are being introduced,” — said the Secretary of the Security Council.

Earlier, Patrushev called the military operation forced. He argued that “the spread of neo-Nazism in Ukraine, the functioning on its territory of biological laboratories involved in the US military biological program, as well as the plans announced by the Kyiv authorities to create nuclear weapons and join NATO” created threats to the security of not only Russia, but the whole world.

At the same time, the Security Council Secretary called the neutral status of Ukraine, “denazification”, as well as the prevention of “genocide” as the goal of the special operation. residents of Donbass.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a special military operation on February 24th. After that, Western countries imposed sanctions against Russian individuals and legal entities. The sanctions list includes, among others, Vladimir Putin and Nikolai Patrushev. Industrial sanctions affected Russian energy resources, as well as export restrictions in the field of technology and defense.



Erdogan announced plans to discuss the fate of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant with Putin

Zaporozhye NPP

Turkish President Rejet Tayyip Erdogan said he plans to discuss the situation at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant with Russian President Vladimir Putin. He told reporters about this after returning from Ukraine, Haber Turk reports.

“We will discuss this issue with Mr. Putin,”— Erdogan said. According to him, he will ask Putin to “take an important step towards peace.” in the negotiations on the fate of the nuclear power plant.

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Berlusconi offered Italy to refuse Russian gas supplies

Silvio Berlusconi called for an end to Italy's dependence on Russian gas It is necessary to “end the dependence” on Russian gas, which brings “obvious problems”, but before that it is necessary to create conditions for alternative supplies, Berlusconi said. Parliamentary elections will be held in Italy in September

Berlusconi invited Italy to refuse Russian gas supplies

Italy should cut off Russian gas before Russia can decide to cut off its supplies to the country, said the former prime minister, leader of the Italy Forward party. Silvio Berlusconi in an interview with Foglio.

“Of course, [such a decision should be made], provided that conditions for alternative supplies are created during this time. That there will be investments in renewable energy sources. That, at least, research in the field of clean nuclear energy will be resumed, — Berlusconi said in response to a related question (quoted from Sky TG24).

According to the former prime minister, Italy also needs terminals for the processing of liquefied natural gas and plants for the production of energy from waste.

“Then we can do away with the addiction that gives us obvious problems,” — he said.

Berlusconi gave an interview to the newspaper Foglio on the eve of the parliamentary elections. His party “Forward, Italy” will also participate in them. Elections will be held on September 25.

Putin and Berlusconi called each other friends. In an interview with the Italian newspaper Corriere dell Sera in 2019, the Russian President said that they were “connected by many years of friendly relations” and called Berlusconi “a world-class politician.” The former Prime Minister of Italy in the fall of 2021 called Putin the only outstanding leader in the modern international political arena.

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However, after the start of Russia's special operation in Ukraine, Berlusconi said that he was disappointed with the behavior of the Russian president, whom he always considered “a man of democracy and peace.” The ex-prime minister believes that if he were in power, he could prevent such a development of events. After the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine, Berlusconi, according to him, called Putin twice, but received no answer.

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The professor predicted direct US intervention in the event of a major Russian victory in Ukraine


The situation around the Russian NVO in Ukraine could turn into US intervention in the conflict. This prediction was made by University of Chicago political science professor John Mearsheimer in an article for Foreign Affairs.

The expert describes several scenarios for American intervention at once.

If the situation is not resolved within a year, Washington, as the author believes, he may think about introducing small contingents of ground troops to help Kyiv.

A more likely scenario for US intervention, according to an American political scientist, is if the Ukrainian army “starts to fall apart, and Russia wins a major victory.” The administration of US President Joe Biden does not intend to allow such an outcome, and the United States could try to reverse the situation by deciding to directly participate in the hostilities.

There is a third option that Mearsheimer describes. It suggests unintentional escalation. So, according to this version, Washington, unwittingly, will be drawn into a military conflict by some unforeseen event that “develops in an upward spiral.”


Berlusconi called for Italy to give up Russian gas


Former Prime Minister of Italy, leader of the Forward Italy party, Silvio Berlusconi, said that his country Russian gas should be abandoned before Moscow can decide to cut off supplies. In an interview with il Foglio, Berlusconi, answering a question about supporting calls to the Italian government to refuse gas from the Russian Federation, spoke positively.

“Of course,” the politician said, “provided that conditions are created for alternative supplies.

According to the ex-premier, Rome needs terminals for the processing of liquefied natural gas, as well as enterprises for the production of energy from waste. He added that the country needs to invest in alternative renewable energy sources, including nuclear energy projects.

“Then we will be able to end addiction,” Berlusconi concluded, pointing out that today such dependence is a problem for Italy.


Russian Foreign Ministry warned the United States from becoming a side of the conflict in Ukraine

Photo: Still from video

Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said that the US and NATO are aggravating the situation in Ukraine with their assertions about the possibility of an attack into Russian territory from the Ukrainian side. Moscow warns Washington on the topic of de-escalation against the Russian Federation.

As the Deputy Minister pointed out, the situation is now extremely acute. Moscow would not want Washington to become a party to the conflict. However, the United States has not yet heard the warnings, Ryabkov added.

Earlier, Washington allowed the Armed Forces to use American weapons in Crimea for self-defense, as Politico wrote, citing an anonymous source in the White House.


Later, Russian Senator Sergei Tsekov pointed out that US weapons can be used to strike not only in the Crimea, but also in other territories of the Russian Federation. In particular, these are the Bryansk and Kursk regions.


US Air Force chief: China’s actions raise risk of escalation

Photo: Wikipedia

US Air Force Chief Frank Kendall commented on Chinese exercises around Taiwan, including missile launches over the island and repeated crossing of the “median line “Taiwan Strait. According to Kendall, such actions are not in line with international norms and increase the risk of escalation in the region.

Speaking on a teleconference from the US Pacific territory of Guam, Kendall added that the US is monitoring China's modernization programs.

Teachings in the airspace and sea area near Taiwan, China began on August 4 against the backdrop of a visit to the island by Speaker of the US House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi. Pelosi herself issued a statement on August 5 that China should immediately stop military exercises and launches near Taiwan. According to the politician, China used the fact that she visited Taiwan as a pretext for conducting exercises


Romania was recognized as the most vulnerable spot of NATO on the eastern borders of the bloc

Western analysts called Romania's Black Sea coast NATO's weakest point. Bloomberg writes about this.

Strengthening the borders on the eastern border of the North Atlantic Alliance, as noted in the publication, is now one of the main priorities for containing Russia.

According to analysts, the Black Sea serves for the Russian Federation, a gateway to the Mediterranean and is an important point for “projecting influence on the countries of the Middle East and Africa.”

“Moscow gives priority to South-Eastern Europe,” said analyst Matthew Orr. This, in his opinion, shows how “the Russians are concerned about this region and want to have a strong military presence there.”

Because of this, NATO is forced, according to Orr, to respond accordingly.

Bloomberg emphasizes that just a few weeks after the start of Russia's NMD in Ukraine, at a summit in Brussels, the alliance agreed to create four new battlegroups for Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria and Slovakia. And this is in addition to the previous four already deployed in Poland and the Baltic countries.

Romania, as reported in the material, even before the start of the JMD hosted about a thousand soldiers, mostly NATO troops. But after February 24, the Allies in the North Atlantic Alliance significantly increased their presence, deploying more troops, aircraft and ships in the specified Eastern European borders.


Zelensky called the only condition for negotiations with Russia


Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky made a statement following the talks in Lvov with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the General UN Secretary António Guterres.

During a press conference, Erdogan said that Guterres and Zelensky agree that the conflict should be resolved at the negotiating table, and stressed that Turkey is ready to assist in the resumption of the Istanbul process of negotiations between Moscow and Kiev. At the same time, the Ukrainian president called the condition for their holding.

According to Zelensky, Ukraine will negotiate only if the Russian Federation leaves all the territories currently occupied by Russian troops.

Erdogan, for his part, announced that he intends to convey information about the results of the meetings held in Lvov to the President

See related photo gallery


Troy Detachment Commander Novikov: Arms Supplies to Ukraine Have Become Almost Unlimited

The commander of the Troy detachment, Vladimir Novikov, said that the supply of weapons from Western countries to Ukraine has become practically unlimited and open.


Vladimir Novikov, commander of the Troy detachment, said that the supply of weapons from Western countries to Ukraine has become practically unlimited and open.

According to the fighter with the call Currently, the West is making massive deliveries of various weapons.

“If earlier these deliveries were somehow hidden, now they are being imported openly, in unlimited quantities,” Novikov added.

He clarified that such actions have a certain impact, but will not be able to change the final result.

“It is impossible to say that this is critical, but these deliveries are really tangible,” he emphasized.


Crimea responds to Kyiv’s permission to use US weapons against Russia

Oleg Kryuchkov, adviser to the head of Crimea on information policy, said that any attempt at aggression would turn into a boomerang, but with stronger impact and irreparable consequences.


Oleg Kryuchkov, adviser to the head of Crimea on information policy, said that any attempt at aggression would turn into a boomerang, but with stronger impact and irreparable consequences. He made such a statement in response to reports that the United States allowed Kyiv to strike at Crimea using American weapons.

Recall that earlier the Politico newspaper, referring to a high-ranking official from Washington, reported that representatives of the White House admit the possibility of using weapons supplied to Kyiv to carry out attacks on the Crimea, considering these actions “self-defense”. In turn, Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov announced the possibility of using weapons supplied by the United States to Kyiv to attack Crimea.

According to the adviser to the head of Crimea, it is not worth making hasty conclusions regarding this information. “Everyone knows that chickens are counted in the fall. Let's see how the Armed Forces of Ukraine, instead of attacking the Crimea, will flee from the new territories liberated by our army. All their aggressive plans will hit them like a boomerang. The recoil will be several times stronger and the consequences will be irreparable,” Kryuchkov said.


Russian special operation in Ukraine: online broadcast on August 19

Reports of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, comments by politicians, new sanctions

On August 19, Kyiv is preparing a resonant provocation at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant. As a result, Zaporozhye announced the strengthening of the ZNPP protection system. Meanwhile, Zelensky said that Kyiv sees no obstacles for the arrival of the IAEA mission to the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant. The US authorities are preparing to allocate another $800 million in military assistance to Ukraine. At the same time, the State Department expressed concern about the negative consequences of the possible inclusion of Russia in the list of countries sponsoring terrorism. Read online of the previous day of the special operation here.

Photo: Donetsk News Agency

11:50 The SBU announced the exposure of the attempt of the Russian special services to install “bugs” on the sidelines of the Verkhovna Rada. The secret services claim that for this purpose the Russian FSB allegedly recruited an employee of the support unit of the Administrative Department of the Verkhovna Rada at the time when he was in Crimea.

11:33 Former prime minister Italy Berlusconi said that his country should abandon Russian gas if conditions are created for supplies from alternative sources.

11:25 The head of the Naval Academy, Viktor Sokolov, said that he had been appointed acting commander of the Black Sea Fleet. In this post, he replaced Igor Osipov, who commanded the Black Sea Fleet since March 2019.

11:10 Vladimir Rogov, a member of the main council of the regional administration, said that last night Ukrainian shells hit the territory of the Zaporizhzhya TPP. It is also important for the stable operation of a nuclear power plant.

10:55 State Duma deputy from United Russia Oleg Morozov said that US President Joe Biden is using all the tools to stimulate the continuation of hostilities in Ukraine, including his powers on “extra” weapons.

10:35 Patrushev added that the United States, Great Britain and their henchmen would bear full responsibility for a possible catastrophe at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant. In addition, he pointed out that the events in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in 2022 were the result of attempts by the West to organize “color revolutions” there.

10:30 Secretary of the Security Council of Russia Patrushev said that the West does not stop preparing for an open armed conflict with the Russian Federation.

10:12 The dollar exchange rate at the opening of trading at the Moscow Exchange began to grow, but then fell sharply lower 58 rub. This is the first time since July 25.

10:05 Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis announced the need to cancel tourist Schengen visas already issued to Russian citizens.

9:58 Deputy Speaker of the Bundestag Kubiki called for the immediate launch of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline. According to him, Germany should have more energy. “We must open Nord Stream 2 immediately to fill our gas storage facilities for the winter,” he said.

9:50 Employees The FSB detained a Russian in Krasnodar for spying for the SBU. A man illegally received and transferred abroad information that “could be used against the security of the Russian Federation” for a monetary reward.

9:40 Deputy head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade Viktor Yevtukhov said that it will be difficult for Western companies that have announced their withdrawal from Russia to return, because according to market laws, their niches are occupied by competitors.

9 :20 Vladimir Rogov, a member of the main council of the administration of Zaporozhye, said that the heating season in Ukraine could be disrupted due to the predicted lack of electricity, which is caused by the shelling of the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant, as well as subsequent power outages from the station in the territories controlled by Kyiv.

9:06 The Russian Embassy in Washington reports that the United States, while making sweeping statements on the situation around the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, does not disdain outright lies in unrestrained attempts to denigrate Russia.

A trilateral meeting was held in Lviv with the participation of Erdogan, Zelensky and Guterres. Zelensky and Guterres believe that the situation in Ukraine should be resolved exclusively at the negotiating table. In addition, Erdogan intends to discuss with Putin the results of the Lvov talks with Zelensky and Guterres.

The Russian Foreign Ministry did not rule out that a decision would be made at the EU level to stop issuing Schengen visas to Russians. It is emphasized that Moscow will not leave unanswered the initiatives of these countries to limit or stop issuing visas to Russians, the measures will soon become known.

And Indonesian President Joko Widodo said that Russian leader Vladimir Putin plans to come to Bali for the summit G20 in November 2022.


The results of the negotiations between Erdogan and Zelensky were skeptical

Western media: little progress was made in Lvov

The talks held on Thursday in Lvov between the presidents of Ukraine and Turkey, as well as the UN Secretary General, did not bring much progress, according to Western media.

Photo: Global Look Press

Turkish leader Erdogan and UN chief Guterres met with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky on Thursday in a powerful bid to end the nearly six-month-long conflict. But the Associated Press, commenting on the results of the negotiations, reports little progress.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he would contact Russian President Vladimir Putin, given that most of the issues discussed require the consent of the Kremlin.

In meetings at such a high level – Erdogan's first visit to Ukraine since the start of the conflict and the second visit by UN Secretary-General António Guterres – some hoped for a breakthrough, if not towards a common peace, then at least on specific issues. But so far nothing of the kind is in sight, the Associated Press notes.

At a meeting in Lviv, the negotiators discussed expanding the exchange of prisoners of war and organizing a visit by IAEA experts in ensuring security at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant, Europe's largest.

Erdogan positions himself as an intermediary in efforts to end hostilities. Although Turkey is a member of NATO, its shaky economy depends on trade with Russia, and Ankara is trying to maintain a middle course between the two opposing sides in the conflict in Ukraine.

The Turkish President urged the international community after the talks not to abandon diplomatic efforts to end hostilities. He reiterated that Turkey was ready to act as a “mediator” and added that he remained convinced that the conflict “will end at the negotiating table.”

In March, Turkey held talks between Russian and Ukrainian negotiators in Istanbul , which did not lead to a cessation of hostilities.

One of the main topics of negotiations in Lviv was the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant in southern Ukraine. Zelensky demanded that Russian troops leave the nuclear power plant and admit a team from the UN International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

“This area needs to be demilitarized, and we must say it like it is: any potential damage in Zaporozhye is suicide,” UN Secretary General Guterres said at a press conference.

Erdogan also expressed concern about the developments around the nuclear power plant, saying: “We do not want a repeat of Chernobyl.”

Zelensky and the head of the UN on Thursday agreed to conduct an IAEA mission to the nuclear power plant, according to the president's website.

Guterres used the talks in Lvov to appoint General Carlos dos Santos Cruz of Brazil to lead a previously announced UN fact-finding mission on the incident at the Yelenovka prison, where 53 Ukrainian prisoners of war died in a July explosion.

Also on the agenda of the talks held on Thursday was an increase in grain exports. An agreement was reached earlier this summer, brokered by the UN and Turkey, paving the way for Ukraine to export 22 million tons of corn and other grains stuck in its Black Sea ports since the conflict broke out.

The lockdown exacerbated global food shortages, leading to rising prices and heightened fear of famine, especially in Africa, the Associated Press notes. However, even with the deal, Ukrainian grain has only been exported in a trickle — Turkey estimates about 600,000 tons.

Zelensky said on Thursday that he was proposing to increase supplies. Guterres, for his part, touted the operation's success, but added: “There's a long way to go before this translates into people's daily lives in their local bakery and their markets.”


The Americans have prepared a new package of military assistance to Ukraine for a round sum

US deliveries to Kyiv amounted to billions of dollars

Washington is preparing an additional $800 million in US military aid for Ukraine. What exactly is included in the new package of deliveries to Kyiv is not specified.


The United States has already sent billions of dollars of military aid to Ukraine, including weapons systems such as HIMARS. Now the US is preparing about $800 million in additional military aid to Ukraine and could announce the plan as early as Friday, three people familiar with the matter told Reuters.

Sources told Reuters that US President Joe Biden is authorizing the aid using his presidential spending-cutting authority, which allows the president to approve the transfer of surplus weapons from the United States stockpile.

Sources on condition of anonymity warned that the cost of the weapons kits could change before they are announced. The White House declined to comment.

Washington has already sent billions of dollars of security assistance to Kyiv, including weapons, including highly mobile artillery rocket systems (HIMARS), mortars and artillery ammunition, Javelin anti-tank missile systems, explosives and demolition equipment. Reuters did not specify what might be included in the latest US military aid package for Ukraine.

Since August 2021, Biden has used the president's spending cut powers at least 18 times to help Ukraine totaling more than $7.2 billion in defense equipment and services to bolster Kyiv's defenses against Russia, Fox News notes. The State Department has previously said the aid does not require congressional approval and can be sent within days or hours after Biden approves the action.

Earlier, a group of retired US generals and diplomats spoke to The Hill with calling on the Biden administration to accelerate the pace of military aid to Kyiv. Among those who signed the appeal – former NATO Supreme Commander in Europe General Philip Breedlove; and former US Ambassadors to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch, John Herbst and William Taylor. The authors of this appeal argue that Washington “due to excessive caution” and fear of provoking an escalation of the conflict (including a nuclear one) actually yields the initiative to Russia and reduces pressure on Moscow.

In July, Joe Biden's national security adviser Jake Sullivan stated that the pace of arms supplies is limited by Ukraine's ability to “digest” ; supplied weapons in terms of the availability of people trained in their use, as well as the need to support the supply of NATO allies.


The Basmanny Court postponed the case on the closure of Sokhnut: reconciliation is impossible

The lawyer's request was rejected

On Friday, Moscow's Basmanny Court is hearing the Justice Ministry's claim to liquidate a branch of the Israeli organization Sokhnut in Russia.

Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

According to the MK reporter, the meeting began with Sokhnut's lawyer Andrei Grishaev petitioning for a two-month conciliation procedure. However, the representative of the plaintiff – the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Justice for Moscow – said that reconciliation is impossible.

As a result, the meeting was postponed until September 19 at the request of the Sokhnut.


Foreigners on the Web saw symptoms of drug addiction in Zelensky’s behavior

“It is clear that this scammer does not dare to look honest people in the eye”

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and UN Secretary General António Guterres met yesterday in Lvov for negotiations. Many noted Zelensky's nervous behavior during the negotiations. Foreign users of social networks even suspected the use of banned substances by the Ukrainian president in an attempt to escape from daily stress.

Photo: Global Look Press

Turkish user with the nickname “Alnabulsi1982Z” suggested: “I think Zelensky's constant fatigue is a consequence of the constant use of drugs, in particular cocaine.”

A Canadian with the nickname “Rebelwild” noted: “Zelensky’s months of cocaine use explains his paranoid behavior at official meetings.”

Belgian with the nickname “Actualize” succinctly wrote: “Definitely something powdery” hellip;

A user with the nickname “Three times nine” joked about Zelensky's behavior: “Children, never use what this uncle smokes.”

The rest of the foreign users found other reasons for the inhibited perception in the behavior of the Ukrainian president. For example, the Dutchman Jan Zwaffel explained Zelensky's behavior this way: “The photographs and videos show that Zelensky does his best to avoid eye contact with the camera. It is clear that this swindler does not dare to look honest people in the eye.

American Ree Brannock wrote: “Zelensky is haunted by thoughts of dead Ukrainian soldiers who sacrificed their lives in a senseless massacre for the peace of NATO. He needs to realize that he will still have to negotiate with Russia, otherwise Ukraine will not do well in winter. suggested, “I think this is the most common fear. The story with Zelensky is moving towards a logical end. Maybe he just found out what price he would have to pay for all his actions? In any case, I would not want to be in Zelensky's place.

Nelson Cavalheiro noted that the President of Ukraine comes to many meetings in the same T-shirt: “Maybe at least someone ask him to wear other clothes? And then I feel somehow ashamed of him…»


August coup: why an attempt to save the USSR led to its collapse

And what would have been the fate of the country if the putschists hadn't thwarted the signing of the Union Treaty

Years fly fast. The author of the hit that set the teeth on edge, in essence, correctly conveys the feeling of the passage of time: “I will turn the calendar over and again the third of September.” True, in our case, the calendar is not the third day of autumn, but the 19th of the last month of summer. 31st anniversary of the August coup. But the question, in principle, is the same, sacramental, eternal: “Why did we have to part anyway?” After all, even then, on the eve of the putsch, “everything was serious with us.”

Photo: Lilia Sharlovskaya

How would the fate of the country have developed if the putschists had not thwarted the signing of the Union Treaty? This question, of course, is also hardly new. But it has been studied much less than the possible consequences of the victory of the State Emergency Committee. Recall that the signing ceremony was scheduled for August 20. So, in any case, says the canonical version of events. Not everyone agrees with her. For example, the former head of the Presidential Security Service, Alexander Korzhakov, calls it a “tale.”

“I’m sure there shouldn’t have been any signing on that day,” Alexander Vasilyevich firmly stated to the MK observer. – Look: we flew to Kazakhstan on August 16, and returned on the night of the 19th. That is, a little more than a day remained before the signing. This is an event of very great significance and scale, therefore, in theory, everything should have been ready for it … If the signing had really been scheduled for August 20, we would have to know when and where to go, what time and from what entrance to enter. But there was no protocol, and no sign of preparation at all. I mean, it's all lies. Who was saved by this? Gorbachev, gekachepists, someone else?”

However, none of the other participants in the events – from either side – had any doubts that the signing was to take place on August 20. Here, for example, is what the last head of the State Bank of the USSR, Viktor Gerashchenko, told the author of these lines: , returning from vacation, assembled the presidium of the Council of Ministers, which included me.

The prime minister began without preamble: “On Tuesday, the 20th, I, together with Gorbachev, will sign the Union Treaty. You, members of the Presidium of the Council of Ministers, authorize me to do this? Do you understand that under this agreement we are ruining the country's economy?..” He attacked the Chairman of the State Planning Commission Shcherbakov: “Gorbachev did not invite me to these meetings, but you were invited. Why were you silent there? Because they promised a good position?”… Shcherbakov vaguely justified himself: they say, he was not silent, but no one listened… Most of the members of the presidium spoke out against the draft treaty. It was decided to make something like a memorandum following the discussion.”

Incidentally, Gerashchenko was one of the few, if not the only, representatives of the then Soviet leadership who openly criticized the draft treaty even before the putsch (the result of the Novoogarevo process was published on August 15 in the Pravda newspaper).

“I did not hide my position at all,” recalls Gerashchenko. – I wrote an open letter to the leadership of the country – I later got from Gorbachev for “taking out dirty linen from the hut” – in which it was proved that the project could not be accepted in its current form. It was proposed in each republic to actually create its own emission center, and this is a direct path to the collapse of monetary circulation. The letter was published in Moskovskie Novosti on August 18.

In that appeal, it was really stated that the current version of the Union Treaty “will lead to a situation where it is impossible to conduct a single monetary policy in the country and, as a result, to the collapse money circulation and the detrimental impact of this process on the entire national economy and the well-being of the country's population.

In principle, the issue of money, according to the project, was within the jurisdiction of the Union. However, at the same time, it was argued that the emission should be “agreed” and that control over it was a matter of joint competence of the center and the republics. In this, according to Gerashchenko, the devil lay: “Such a wording of the agreement allows the republic, in the event of a conflict between the norms of the union and republican legislation, to refuse to fulfill its allied obligations and pursue an autonomous monetary policy that is not coordinated with other republics and the Union” .

The conspirators themselves, however, although they later called their main goal the prevention of the signing of a “destructive, anti-constitutional treaty”, in public, oddly enough, they practically did not criticize it. The address of the State Emergency Committee to the Soviet people, read out on radio and television on the morning of August 19, spoke only of the unwillingness to rush into its adoption: “We promise to hold a broad nationwide discussion of the draft of the new Union Treaty. Everyone will have the right and the opportunity to comprehend this most important act in a calm atmosphere and decide on it, because the fate of the numerous peoples of our great Motherland will depend on what the Union will become.”

Although indirect hints that they did not like the plans of the President of the USSR isolated in Foros were present in abundance: they say, “extremist forces arose that headed for the liquidation of the Soviet Union”, they say, what is happening is “the result of purposeful actions of those who, grossly trampling The fundamental law of the USSR, in fact, makes an anti-constitutional coup.”

But simultaneously with the appeal, a statement was made by the chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Anatoly Lukyanov, who was not formally a member of the State Emergency Committee. Here the criticism is direct, although by no means devastating: they say that in the published text “they did not find a sufficiently clear reflection” of a number of provisions important from the point of view of preserving the Union, and these problems require “additional discussion at a session of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, and then, apparently, and at the Congress of People's Deputies of the country.

Such caution was evidently dictated by tactical considerations: Gorbachev alone was not the author of the project. The leaders of nine union republics – Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan – participated in the Novoogarevsky process, the result of which was this document. And to make enemies out of all of them – which would inevitably have happened if the project of their work had been called anti-constitutional and extremist – did not seem to be part of the plans of the conspirators.

However, this is already, as they say, an area of ​​conjecture. But the fact that the putsch was timed to coincide with the first stage of approving the treaty – it was supposed that on August 20 it would be signed by the heads of the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan – can perhaps be considered a proven fact. Now we know that the GKChP was created in a terrible hurry. It was sewn, one might say, on a living thread, without a clear, well-thought-out plan. If it had been otherwise, perhaps the results of the conspiracy would have been completely different. And it is difficult to give any other explanation for this rush, except for the desire to get ahead of Gorbachev and Co. with the signing of the Union Treaty.

But let us return to the question formulated at the beginning of the text: what would have happened if it had been signed then? “History will still pass a harsh judgment on the conspirators,” wrote Mikhail Gorbachev several years after the events. “The consequences of their adventure turned out to be catastrophic… The organizers of the August conspiracy thwarted the emerging opportunity to save the Union by transforming it into a Federation, and the CPSU by reforming it into a political party of left forces.”

Why Gorbachev! Boris Yeltsin, who three months later put his signature under the agreement that ended the existence of the USSR, and he, according to his memoirs, very much regretted the unrealized chance: “What an opportunity was not used! .. It was not just a “civilized divorce”, as she called Novoogarevsky press treaty. Gorbachev and I suddenly clearly felt that our interests had finally coincided. That these roles suit us quite well. Gorbachev kept his seniority, I kept my independence. It was the perfect solution for both.”

The leaders of other former “fraternal republics” have also contributed to these experiences – and continue to do so. Ai-ai-ai, they say, what the damned gekachepy have done! This idea was lost! But these moans are completely illogical. Logically, obstacles to the renewal of the Union existed before and during the coup – in the face of the conservative part of the Soviet ruling elite. After the defeat of the conspiracy and the arrest of the conspirators, these obstacles were removed.

Nothing could prevent the participants of the Novoogarevo Ten (nine republican leaders plus the President of the USSR) from getting together and signing an agreement. Actually, Gorbachev wanted it that way. But it was not there. Potential signatories demanded that the project be redesigned to take into account the new, post-coup realities. The realities, according to Yeltsin, were as follows: “It was clear that the real power lay with the republics. First of all, Russia. Neither the Council of Ministers, nor the State Planning Committee, nor other previously omnipotent structures really decided anything, their functions were limited to registering the existing situation.

Well, that is, signing the treaty in its original form meant for the Republican leaders to part with the lion's share of the power that fell upon them. Therefore, the project was constantly adjusted towards greater decentralization. The federation became a confederation. The Union of Sovereign States, described in the most recent version of the draft, published on November 27, 1991, was already not much different from the Commonwealth of Independent States that soon appeared.

Suffice it to say that the states forming the Union were declared subjects of international law, which can “establish direct diplomatic, consular relations, trade and other relations with foreign states, exchange plenipotentiary representations with them, conclude international treaties.” Moreover, they received the right to create “republican armed formations.” Not a word was said about the monetary system of the Union, nor about the currency in general, in the draft, which implies the right of the participating state to introduce its own monetary systems.

But even this option could no longer suit anyone. “The atmosphere at the Novoogarevo meetings in October-November was very different from the one that prevailed at them before the putsch,” Yeltsin wrote. “If earlier the overwhelming majority of the heads of the republics did not dare to argue with the President of the USSR and even somewhere condemned me for “excessive radicalism”, now they themselves were already throwing themselves at Mikhail Sergeyevich, not letting me open my mouth.”

How it all ended is known. And it is quite difficult to believe that this “serpentarium of friends” could, in principle, have some other result. Even without the August coup. The point is not that the participants of the Novoogarevsky gatherings have changed so much in these two or three months. People don't change that quickly. Circumstances have changed, but people remain the same. Everything indicates that the disruption of the signing of the treaty caused by the putsch was perceived by the republican leaders not as a collapse of hopes, but as a historical chance given by fate.

“The August adventure is not out of a number of conspiracies known to history,” wrote Gorbachev’s aide Georgy Shakhnazarov. “But she has one, if not unique, then at least a strange, extremely rare trait. The more you delve into the details, the more striking is the complete discrepancy between the idea and the result. In every conspiracy there is a secret, because it is by its very nature a dark matter. They don't talk in public. Here, however, quite mysticism, phantasmagoria. Not just a failure, but some kind of fatal catastrophe. It seems incomprehensible how one can destroy a superpower with one careless move.

Shakhnazarov offered the following key to the puzzle: “With diametrically opposed strategic goals, the tactical interests of the gekacheps and their opponents at that moment coincided. Both were eager to disrupt the signing of the Union Treaty. The first – because, in their opinion, it would become only an intermediate station on the way to the final collapse of the USSR. The second – because they saw in the Treaty the salvation of the Center (albeit not with the previous unlimited powers), they feared that its signing could for a long time postpone the so passionately desired defeat of the remnants of the former system and the eviction of the President of the USSR from the Kremlin.

According to Gorbachev's aide, the collapse of the Union was predetermined not by the putsch, but by the election of Yeltsin as President of Russia: .). “It seemed to them that they were only putting forward a more decisive and courageous leader, in reality they preferred a different program: they took power away from a centrist, social democratic political trend in essence and gave it to a radical liberal one.”

After June 12, 1991, Shakhnazarov believed, the possibility of preserving the Union State was only hypothetical. And it's hard to disagree with that. The same Boris Yeltsin frankly told his supporters that the signing of the treaty was a tactical move in a big political game that would not end there anyway: “Until the treaty is concluded, Russia will remain a hostage of the central , without appropriate legal pressure, will not give up their functions to us.”

Some, however, believe that the fate of the Union was decided even earlier – with the election of Gorbachev to the post of General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the announcement of perestroika by him. But Shakhnazarov categorically denied accusations against his boss of the collapse of the USSR: “A retrospective shows that only two claims can be brought against the ex-president. The first is that he introduced democracy in the country, and the second is that he did not abandon it for the sake of the integrity of the state.

Today, many will surely say that it was the wrong choice. In the end, they say, they ended up with a broken trough: and there is no former integrity, with democracy, things are, to put it mildly, so-so. But, firstly, Gorbachev, in fairness, did not himself choose between democracy and the preservation of the Union. He tried to combine both, and therefore failed.

Now it is clear: the chances of winning with such a combination were scanty, but then this bet did not seem absurd at all. In words, Gorbachev's position was shared by most of the Union's political elite. Even the conspirators-gekachepy, having reigned in their hour measured by fate, began to assure the people of their commitment to democracy.

Well, secondly, it is worth remembering the words of the wise Deng Xiaoping: when asked to evaluate the significance of the Great French Revolution, the father of Chinese economic Chuda replied that too little time had passed to sum up. Who knows, perhaps future chroniclers will say about us that we are still living in the era of reforms initiated by Gorbachev. And they haven't even started seriously yet.


Gorlovka tankers told how they “captured” a Ukrainian tank

“He will soon go to defend our republic”

The fact that retreating Ukrainian armed formations are abandoning their weapons and equipment has long been no secret to anyone. Just look at the exhibition of captured equipment at the Army forum. There are dozens of photos and videos on the web on this topic. Often, on the abandoned Ukrainian positions, I have seen with my own eyes the promoted Javelins, NLAW and other Western “help” lying around among other rubbish. But the “trophied” tank is already more interesting. Therefore, when I heard the story of the deputy commander of the tank battalion in Gorlovka about the recent replenishment, I immediately asked if it was possible to see the trophy with my own eyes. It turned out that it is possible. Just need to go a little deeper into the forest belt…

Photo: Lina Korsak

As often happens in combat conditions, ” a little” is a very relative term. Let's just say, on foot I would have to go and go. But today luck was on our side, and we arrived comfortably by car.

The metal hulk turned out to be camouflaged so that you can almost see it only by burying your nose in it. The military push back the branches so that you can better see the tank. The classic sixty-four – T-64A – with dynamic protection. On the tower there is an emblem with an inscription for some reason in Latin Dei Gratia, which means “God's grace” in translation. As the military explained, this is the emblem of the 30th Mechanized Brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

This trophy has already become the fourteenth combat vehicle that the Gorlovka tankers got from the enemy since the start of the special military operation.

Some vehicles successfully serve under the banner of the DPR to this day, and some, taking into account the state, fit only as a donor. Which is also not bad at all.

The deputy commander of the 3rd tank battalion for technical affairs with the call sign “Oduvan” said that the enemy combat vehicle was obtained in battle in one of the directions where the unit is now conducting active offensive operations.

According to the serviceman, the information about the location of the Ukrainian tank, the DNR fighters received from their commander, and he, respectively, from intelligence. The elder set a goal to get a valuable trophy.

The evacuation operation, for security reasons, had to be carried out at night.

– When we arrived at the place, the first thing we did was a thorough inspection of the tank, – says the officer. – It was important to understand not only its technical condition, but also to make sure that there were no unwanted surprises left by the APU.

Photo: Lina Korsak

According to Oduvan, when leaving equipment, the Ukrainian military often leave grenades and other explosive devices inside, as well as all kinds of “diom beacons”, which make it easy to track down and aim at the tank.

Luckily, the tank turned out to be “clean” and in pretty good condition. However, despite this, it was still impossible to do without the help of special equipment for evacuation. The military requested a BRM – a combat repair vehicle – and the very next day they moved out to pull out the tank.

The tankers spent two days to pick up the trophy that had fallen into the ditch. The enemy covered the military with continuous fire, trying in every possible way to interfere. On the second day, they nevertheless managed to lift the metal hulk, and already on the third day they “threw” a battery on it, started it up and drove it to a safer place.

– The next day they took the combat vehicle to our location, – pretty summed up “Oduvan”.

Photo: Lina Korsak

According to the tanker, when they inspected the car, they found that it was loaded with a cumulative projectile. However, for some reason, the gunpowder did not work. The tank failed to fire and the crew didn't have time to fix the problem. Then the Ukrainians decided to move back, but at that moment they made a mistake, and the heavy vehicle fell into its own protective moat. They could not get out on their own, and the crew had no choice but to abandon the tank and flee.

– The driver was forced to leave the car through the “hero hatch” (as the emergency hatch in the bottom of the tank is jokingly called. – “MK”), – says the deputy chief. – There was no access through the top, and I also climbed into the tank through the belly. Inside the tank was ammunition – more than half. And not just ammunition, but with a message.

According to the tanker, almost all the found shells were signed – to whom, from whom, and all this mixed with obscene language.

– All greetings were from representatives of the cities of Western Ukraine, explains Oduvan.

Photo: Lina Korsak

– What will happen ? – the interlocutor is surprised at the question. – It will fly back to its former owners.

The future of the trophy, according to the tanker, has already been determined.

– It will take quite a bit of time to solve minor problems and troubleshoot. After that, the “sixty-four” will go to defend our republic,” the interlocutor sums up.

Donetsk, DPR.