475 years ago, on July 10, 1547, the last official duel allowed by the king took place in France. Moreover — King Henry II he was involved in this case and was one of the main organizers of the duel.
It was then that one of participants of the duel uttered a phrase that became historic: « “Our lives and property belong to kings, our souls belong to God, and honor belongs only to ourselves, since my king has absolutely no power over my honor.” It was boldly said, and since then kings undertook to eradicate duels.
Henry II of Valois. Artist Francois Clouet
Sounds familiar, doesn't it Very similar words are uttered by midshipmen from cult Soviet cinema: If you see disrespect for the dignity of your personality, then this must be stopped, because our life belongs to the Motherland, but honor — to nobody. After that, cadet Alyosha Korsak rushes with a naked sword at his offender, bayonet junker Kotov. In & nbsp; movies, it looks beautiful. But in in reality, this could by by definition. The baring of weapons against the authorities, that is, against a representative of power, was then qualified not as a “case of” honor and “disgrace”, but as a rebellion with all the ensuing consequences. What can we say about persons vested with supreme power?
The times when Russian emperors and hereditary princes, like French kings and princes, will be personally involved in dueling stories will come a little later, at the end of the 18th century. But it will continue for almost a century.
The relay was opened by Paul I. Rather, the heir to the throne, Pavel Petrovich. And more true — Count North. It was under this pseudonym that the Grand Duke set off on his European journey of 1781-1782. Just in 1782, he visited Naples, where the Russian ambassador was a friend of his youth, Count Andrey Razumovsky. True, now he was no longer a friend of the Grand Duke, but rather, on the contrary. There were many rumors about the romance of Andrei Razumovsky and Pavel's first wife Nataliawho died in childbirth. Evil tongues even said that the child who caused the death of the mother was not from Pavel, but from Andrey. According to the Razumovsky family traditions, the heir to the throne at the first meeting challenged his offender to a duel. They managed to prevent the duel, however, in what way, the family tradition is silent. That is why many doubt that the call took place.
It seems that such doubts are in vain. Subsequently, Paul, already becoming emperor, did the unheard of. In the fateful January of 1801 for Paul, the leading European newspapers were embellished with the following text: “We are informed from Petersburg that the Russian Emperor, seeing that the European powers cannot come to a mutual agreement, and, wishing to end the war, devastating Europe for eleven years, had the idea to appoint a place for a duel and invite all other sovereigns to arrive there and fight among themselves, having with him seconds, squires and judges of the duel of his most enlightened ministers and most skillful generals … He himself intends to take Generals Palen and Kutuzov» with him. In other words, Paul challenged all European sovereigns. Didn't wait for a response from — On March 24, the emperor was killed, and not in a fair duel, but secretly, at night, like a thief.
Another thing is that Paul kept his subjects in fist, and looked at the duel with disapproval. There is a known case when Joseph de Sachs, the illegitimate son of Prince Franz Xaver of Saxony, while in Russia, insulted Prince Nikolai Shcherbatov. At first, the German fired a hairpin at the address of the Russian, and when the young Shcherbatov demanded satisfaction, he gave him a slap in the face. Nikolai, in response, raised his cane and "left it on the forehead of the Saxon an indelible mark". De Sachs demanded an investigation, but he was expelled from Russia. Then he filled European newspapers with anti-Russian pamphlets — they say, in this country of bears, even princes have no idea of honor. Shcherbatov wanted to go to Europe, but, as the Russian diplomat Alexander Ribopierre writes, “the reign of Paul”I came, and it was impossible for the prince to go to Germany».
Perhaps it became only when the son of Paul ascended the throne Alexander I. He was very scrupulous in matters of protecting Russian honor and released Prince Shcherbatov abroad. In the summer of 1802, the Saxon had to seriously answer for his words: “Shcherbatov caught up with the Chevalier De Saks in the Teplitz. They fought with pistols in Peterswald. The Chevalier was killed on the spot from the first shot».
I must say that Alexander I in matters of honor was really strict, and did descent did There is a known case when in 1822 the year, at a review of troops in Vilna, the Great Prince Nikolai Pavlovich, brother of the Emperor, found fault with Captain Vasily Norov, commander of the 3rd Grenadier Company of the Guards Jaeger Regiment. And not just found fault, but did this extremely rude — with shouting: “I will bend you in the ram's horn!” reared up his horse and spattered the captain with mud. On the side of Norov, an open challenge to a duel followed. Nikolai did not accept him, and then Norov, and several other officers following him, resigned as a sign of protest against the violation of officer honor. Alexander was enraged both by his brother's rude act and by the fact that he evaded the challenge. Under pressure from his older brother and overlord, Nikolai was forced to apologize to Vasily Norov and ask him to take back his resignation.
Since then, Nikolai, who did not show himself in this dueling story in the best way, became an opponent of duels: "I hate duels — this is barbarism. In the there is nothing chivalrous in them».
This was not the only challenge thrown to Nikolai. 1 January 1836 he, already being a sovereign, received a letter with the following content: «I offer you a good ancient custom — duel. In your country has a territory beyond your control — my soul. One of two things: either recognize the freedom of this territory, its right to independence, or fight for your rights, which I do not recognize. If you fight and lose, I dictate the terms, if you win, I is ready to recognize your right over me, because you won it in a fair fight, risking for this right equally with me. To barrier, Sovereign!»
Nikolai also evaded this challenge. Instead of a duel, the author of the letter, a Tambov nobleman, a retired artillery lieutenant Alexander Syshchikov, was honored with a visit from the gendarmes and a conversation with the sovereign, who told him: “I can to the gallows of you, and to the fortress, and to soldiers, and to Siberia, I deserve everything. But I will surprise you with unheard-of mercy. I order: go and live. You are free. But remember — someday you will get it in full. Before "someday" did not have to wait long. A few years later, Syshchikov was summoned to a duel under very dark circumstances by a certain Vasily Ivanov and killed.
The last Russian sovereign involved in duel history , was Alexander III. However, the matter here is also dark. There was such a Russian officer, by origin — Swede from Finland, Karl Ivanovich Gunnius. He dealt with the issue of rearmament of the Russian army, in particular, he adapted the Berdan rifle to domestic realities. Alexander, while still the Grand Duke, did not appreciate the rifle, but responded to Gunnius's request not to draw hasty conclusions, showered him with rude abuse. Here are the further events of March 1869: “Gunnius left immediately and sent a letter to the Tsarevich, in which he demanded that Alexander Alexandrovich apologize. The officer also wrote that if there was no apology in twenty-four hours, he would shoot himself… Alexander Alexandrovich did not apologize, and the officer kept his word. Alexander II, angry with his son, ordered him to follow the officer's coffin… It must be assumed that this made an impression on Alexander. At the end of his reign, he officially legalized duels in the army — “Rules on resolving quarrels that occur in officer environment” were signed in June 1894 of the year.
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Dismissals of Ukrainian ambassadors to Germany, Norway, Czech Republic, Hungary and India— this is part of the rotation of personnel, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said in an address to the nation, which is published on his website.
“Today I signed decrees on the dismissal of several ambassadors of Ukraine. This rotation— a normal part of diplomatic practice,»— he said.
Zelensky added that new ambassadors will soon be appointed to all these countries, candidates for these positions are already being selected by the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry.
Zelensky dismissed the ambassadors of Ukraine to Germany, Hungary, Norway, the Czech Republic and India (the latter served as an ambassador to the Maldives, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh) on the evening of July 9. Ukrainian Ambassador to Berlin Andriy Melnyk has been in office for eight years. He gained notoriety after harsh remarks against the German authorities.
In particular, in May, Melnik called German Chancellor Olaf Scholz an “insulted liverwurst”; after he called Kyiv's refusal to receive German President Frank Walter Steinmeier an obstacle to his visit to Ukraine. He called “sluggish” Germany's support for Ukraine and said that Scholz lacked “imagination and courage”; and claims that many Germans would like to have an “active chancellor.”
At the end of June, Melnik said that he visited the grave of Ukrainian nationalist Stepan Bandera in Munich, as he, in his opinion, is important for Ukrainians as “the personification of the struggle for freedom.” The Israeli Embassy in Germany responded that Melnik's words “distort historical facts, diminish the significance of the Holocaust and insult the memory of those killed by Bandera and his people.” Economist Articles Pro There is a shortage of strong managers in Russia. What are the areas where leaders are needed? Where it will lead What assets are still interesting? Articles Pro How to protect the skin from the sun: detailed instructions from a dermatologist Step-by-step instructions Instructions Pro The supplier significantly raised prices: when you can argue with him Instructions
A few days before Melnyk's dismissal, the German tabloid Bild wrote, citing its own sources, that the ambassador could become deputy head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry.
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EU governments are discussing measures to close loopholes to circumvent sanctions and improve data exchange between EU countries
The European Union is working to enforce all six rounds of sanctions against Russia as the bloc of 27 countries “seeks to increase economic pressure on the Kremlin”; in connection with the military operation in Ukraine, writes The Wall Street Journal.
European sanctions officials believe the economic measures are working, the newspaper writes. However, European governments, according to the publication, are discussing new measures that could close loopholes, tighten enforcement of sanctions and improve data exchange between EU countries.
As the WSJ notes, at the heart of the EU's problem lies a division of power between Brussels, which sets the policy of sanctions, and national ministries, supervisory authorities and industry groups, which need to interpret and apply restrictive measures. There is no single unit in the European Union that can penalize sanctions violations like the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the US Treasury. The EU authorities also have limited powers to investigate violations, the newspaper notes.
Now the most problematic area of application of European sanctions— it is a job to identify and freeze assets belonging to “Russian oligarchs associated with Russian President Vladimir Putin,” writes the WSJ. According to the EU authorities, the assets of sanctioned Russians in the amount of more than $14 billion have been frozen in member countries of the association, while Brussels admits that they could “lose much more.”
Since the end of February, the United States, Great Britain, the EU states and a number of other countries have begun to tighten sanctions against Russia due to hostilities in Ukraine. During these months, several packages of restrictions were introduced that affected Russian companies associated with the defense and energy sectors, banks, transport companies, parliamentarians, officials, businessmen and journalists, as well as family members of those affected by the sanctions.
In May, the European Commission proposed to treat sanctions circumvention as a crime against the European Union. The EC considers serious violations:
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The Russian authorities consider the sanctions illegal and promise to answer them. Countries that have introduced measures do not understand the scale of the impact of restrictions on their own economies, said the head of the Ministry of Economic Development Maxim Reshetnikov. The Kremlin said that Russia is able to “succeed” with the Western world, even though the USSR did not succeed in its time
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The sanctions will affect the oil, gas and chemical sectors of the Russian industry. Canadian companies will need to close existing contracts with Russian enterprises within 60 days alt=”The Canadian Foreign Ministry announced the country's plans to expand sanctions against Russia” />
“Canada will expand existing measures in the oil, gas and chemical sectors to include industrial production. <…> These new sanctions will apply to land and pipeline transport, the production of metals, vehicles, computers, electronic, electrical and machinery equipment,— agency said in a statement.
Canadian businesses will have to close contracts with Russian businesses in these areas within 60 days.
Canada, like other Western countries, began to tighten sanctions against Russia since the end of February, when Moscow launched a special operation in Ukraine. The last time the country expanded them was on July 8, when Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia, the former head of Yandex, fell under the restrictions. Tigran Khudaverdyan, head of Roskomnadzor Andrey Lipov and his deputies Vladimir Logunov, Oleg Terlyakov, Vadim Subbotin and Milos Wagner, as well as Russian journalists, including the host of the Vremya program on the “First Channel” Ekaterina Andreeva. Roskomnadzor and the news agency Regnum were also sanctioned.
Ottawa has already imposed restrictions against the Russian oil and gas and chemical industries. Canada refused to return to Moscow a Siemens turbine for the Nord Stream gas pipeline, which remained in the country after repairs. It is also forbidden to import luxury goods from Russia, including alcoholic beverages, seafood, fish and diamonds. The sanctions are against Russian businessmen Roman Abramovich and Alisher Usmanov, the head of the Central Election Commission, Ella Pamfilova, as well as the Ministry of Defense, the SVR, the Sukhoi company. and 160 senators, as well as personally Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Putin accused the Western countries of “sanctions obsession. Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev, after another tightening, called the number of sanctions against the country proof that Russia began to be considered “for real”, and in some ways even more seriously than with the USSR.
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At least 45 people were injured during protests in Sri Lanka on July 9, including seven members of the security forces, according to local newspaper The Print.
The bulk of the people were injured in clashes between protesters and the police, during which the security forces used water cannons and tear gas, the newspaper said. People demanded the resignation of the incumbent President Gotabai Rajapaksa and broke into his residence. Protesters also set fire to the residence of Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe.
Earlier, Ada Derana wrote about 31 victims, including police officers. Several journalists who covered the unrest near the residence of the head of government also suffered from the attack by special forces officers. The Inspector General of the Sri Lanka Police has ordered an investigation into the incident.
Protests in the capital of Sri Lanka— Colombo began against the background of the economic crisis that broke out in the country in the spring. Because of him and problems with importing essential goods caused by a lack of currency, in April the authorities declared a default. The country's financial situation was also worsened by the pandemic and the events in Ukraine, the national Ministry of Finance said. The ministry calculated that the country needs financial assistance in the amount of $3 billion from outside to resolve the crisis.
Former British Minister of Health Sajid Javid and former Foreign Minister Jeremy Hunt announced plans to run for the premiership of Britain. It is possible that the current Minister of Foreign Affairs Liz Truss will nominate her candidacy alt=”Former Foreign and Health Ministers to vie for UK Prime Minister” />
Former British Health Secretary Sajid Javid and former Foreign Secretary Jeremy Huntreshi have announced their candidacy for UK Prime Minister, reports The Telegraph.
Both ex-ministers said in an interview with the newspaper that if they were appointed leader of the Conservative Party and moved to Downing Street, the decision of former Treasury Secretary Rishi Sunak (resigned on July 5) to increase the corporate tax rate from 19% to 25% would be reversed. Hunt and Javid are aiming to bring it down to 15%.
Javid also pledged to drop the Social Security tax increase that was introduced to support the healthcare and welfare system.
Javidstal Minister of Health and Social Affairs in June 2021. On July 5, he resigned. Hunt headed the Foreign Ministry in 2018—2019.
Former Education Minister Nadeem Zahavi, who recently moved to the Ministry of Finance, also announced his candidacy for the post of prime minister. Sunak also decided to fight for the post of head of the Conservative Party, who resigned from the post of Minister of the Treasury of Great Britain due to disagreement with the actions of Prime Minister Boris Johnson. According to Bloomberg, current British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss is expected to announce her intention to run.
On the eve of the head of the Ministry of Defense Ben Wallace said that he would not apply for the post of prime minister, explaining this by his desire to focus on his duties as a minister and ensuring the country's security. According to a YouGov poll, Wallace was the favorite to win the prime minister's seat after Johnson's resignation.
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The British Prime Minister announced his resignation on July 7, this happened amid a scandal over his appointments. The reason was the behavior of the former deputy chief organizer of the Conservative Party in the House of Commons, Chris Pincher. He staged a drunken brawl at an elite Conservative club in London and also molested two men. Pincher subsequently apologized and resigned. Johnson will act as head of government until a new leader of the Conservative Party is elected.
Germany will not be able to solve the energy security problem for several years, although it is already building pipelines, LNG terminals and changing laws. Authorities are preparing “for shortages, for example when it comes to gas,” said Scholz
Germany's energy security problem will not be resolved for several years, Chancellor Olaf Scholz said in a video message posted on the government's website.
“We build pipelines, LNG terminals (liquefied natural gas. — RBC). We guarantee that it is stored in our gas storage tanks. And we ensure the use of coal-fired power plants to save gas, — added Scholz.
According to him, the authorities are striving for the country not to depend on oil, coal and gas imports in the long term and to increase the share of renewable energy sources. They are changing legislation for this at a pace “which has never been seen before in Germany, and which is necessary,” concluded the Chancellor.
In March, the German chancellor said that the EU did not dare to impose sanctions on Russian energy supplies, since it would not be possible to ensure the energy security of the union in other ways than at their expense. However, already in early June, a partial oil embargo was included in the sixth sanctions package. The ban applies to sea shipments and applies not only to oil in its pure form, but also to mixtures— so-called blends.
Against the backdrop of the imposition of anti-Russian sanctions by the European Union, annual inflation in the eurozone rose to a record 8.6% in June. Energy has risen most of all there— by 41.9% in annual terms.
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Against the backdrop of the crisis, the German authorities have repeatedly urged residents to save energy. Economics Minister and Vice-Chancellor Robert Habeck said that the country could only survive the winter with significant energy savings and full storage. He admitted that he himself began to save on his soul due to the limitation of Russian gas supplies and the risk of its shortage.
Earlier, on June 14, the Russian “Gazprom” notified the German side that he was going to reduce the gas supply from the planned 167 million to 100 million cubic meters. m per day due to the non-return of the Siemens turbine for the Nord Stream gas pipeline; refurbished from Canada. The next day, another gas turbine engine was taken out of service, which reduced the volume of pumping to 67 million cubic meters. m of gas per day.
The Russian company explained what was happening with a delay in the repair of Siemens units (it decided to leave the Russian market in May), which are being repaired in Montreal, Canada. It is difficult to take them out of there because of the sanctions. The Kremlin insisted on a similar version of the current situation, assuring that Russia remains a responsible supplier. Siemens considers the decision of “Gazprom” political. The same opinion was expressed by Khabek, who assumed that Moscow could completely cut off gas supplies.
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The Prosecutor General's Office of Ukraine reported that the assets of three Russian enterprises that were engaged in renting real estate, growing crops and casting iron were arrested in the Kirovograd region. /media/img/7/92/756574132710927.jpg” alt=”Ukrainian authorities announced the arrest of assets related to Russia for $ 200 million” />
In the Kirovohrad region of Ukraine, the court arrested the assets of three Russian-related enterprises worth more than 5.9 billion hryvnias (about $200 million), the Ukrainian Prosecutor General's Office reports on Telegram.
The agency did not specify which companies in question. According to the National Police of Ukraine, their activities are related to the provision of real estate for rent, the cultivation of crops and the casting of iron.
The prosecutors stated that the founders and owners of the enterprises— four Russian citizens who were engaged in “illegal operations for the legalization of proceeds from crime.”
In Ukraine, a criminal case was opened under Part 2 of Article 209 of the Criminal Code (legalization (laundering ) property obtained by criminal means).
In addition, the National Police reported that the assets of Russian and Belarusian enterprises, the market value of which is about UAH 80 million ($2.7 million), have been arrested in the country. We are talking about 111 railway cars.
On July 8, the Security Service of Ukraine announced the arrest of the assets of Gazprom, Rosneft located inside the country. and “Rosatom” worth UAH 2.1 billion (over $71 million). RBC source in Rosatom reported that a few months ago, the accounts of the “daughter” were arrested; in Kyiv, and in the country there is no other property of the company. “Rosneft” at the end of May, she said that there are no assets belonging to her on the territory of Ukraine “at the moment”.
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In May, the country's authorities passed a law that provides for the forced nationalization of Russian property in Ukraine without paying any compensation. In addition to Russian citizens, it will also affect individuals and companies “closely associated with Russia.”
The Kremlin called the seizure of Russian assets theft. President Vladimir Putin in March called the seizure of foreign assets and accounts of Russian companies and individuals a lesson for business, as “there is nothing more reliable than investing in your own country.” He later stated that “stealing other people's assets” does not lead to anything good and only brings problems to those who do it.
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Allied forces continue their offensive against the city of Seversk in the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR), Rodion Miroshnik, Ambassador of the Luhansk People's Republic (LPR) to Russia, said on Telegram.
“Grigorovka was taken with fighting today, and our troops continue to conduct military operations for the release of Serebryanka. From the north there is an attack on Seversk»,— he wrote.
Johnson may end his career as a politician and start writing books, writes the Telegraph. The British publishing house is waiting for him to complete work on Shakespeare's biography – it should have been released back in 2016
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who announced his resignation, is considering leaving politics for next election, according to The Telegraph.
According to the sources of the publication, Johnson is not going to give up his parliamentary mandate right now, but at the same time he is not sure whether he should remain in the House of Commons, as his predecessor Theresa May did.
One of the possible options for Johnson— return to journalistic activities or lectures, the newspaper writes. Publishing House Hodder & Stoughton expects from him a biography of William Shakespeare, which was supposed to be released back in 2016 on the 400th anniversary of the playwright's death. Johnson received an advance of £88,000, but the publisher “agreed to delay publication until a more appropriate time” after the politician was appointed Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom.
In April, Johnson expressed confidence that, despite the scandal surrounding his figure due to parties on Downing Street in the midst of of the coronavirus pandemic, he will remain in the prime minister's chair and will be able to participate in the next parliamentary elections scheduled for 2024.
However, on July 7, amid the resignations of members of the British government, he nevertheless announced that he was leaving the posts of leader of the Conservatives and prime minister. A number of ministers left their positions due to another Johnson scandal involving the appointment of government member Chris Pincher, who was accused of sexual harassment of men. Johnson will continue to serve until the party elects a new leader.
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Plans to fight for the post of Prime Minister of Britain were announced, including by former Minister of Health Sajid Javid and former Foreign Minister Jeremy Hunt, former Finance Minister Rishi Sunak and others.
Johnson began his career as a journalist for the Times and the Daily Telegraph, and worked for the Telegraph's Brussels bureau for several years. In 2001, he became a Conservative MP, and in 2008 he was elected Mayor of London. RBC Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of programs on our RuTube channel
Ammunition will be produced in Norway. Germany promised to transfer 30 installations to Kyiv at the end of April, but the deliveries had to be postponed, as the German authorities could not get ammunition for them in time
Before the start of the Russian military operation, Germany refused to transfer weapons to Ukraine, but then changed its position. On February 26, Berlin decided to transfer 1,000 Panzerfaust anti-tank missiles and 500 Stinger missiles to Kyiv. In addition, the German authorities approved the transfer of 400 anti-tank guns produced in the country from the Netherlands and nine D-30 howitzers and ammunition from Estonia. Then, on April 28, the Bundestag approved the delivery of heavy weapons to Ukraine.
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The Iron Dome is not capable of protecting against cruise missiles, Alexey Reznikov said. The Russian military has repeatedly reported on the use of “Onyx” and “Caliber” in the country. The Ambassador to Israel spoke about Kyiv's desire to buy a missile defense system
Iron Dome Anti-Missile Defense System not suitable for Ukraine, since it is not capable of protecting against cruise and ballistic missiles. This was stated by the Minister of Defense of the country Alexei Reznikov during an online conference Forbes
“We all know the example of Israel, which is pretty good at protecting the sky. We all know the name “Iron Dome”, but even it does not protect 100%,— he said (quote from Ukrinform). Reznikov noted that he spoke in Israel with the manufacturers of these systems. According to him, the “Iron Dome” protects against “slow at low altitudes with easy hitting missiles, made essentially in garages.”
The minister believes that Ukraine needs to develop
own missile defense system “or receive, including from our partners.”
“Iron Dome”— a system that is designed to protect against unguided tactical missiles with a flight range of 4 to 70 km. It was developed by the Israeli company Rafael, the project was created with US funding.
Since the beginning of the military operation in Ukraine, the Russian Ministry of Defense has repeatedly reported that it is using Kalibr cruise missiles. and “Onyx”. The agency insists that it uses them only for strikes against military targets.
On June 8, Ukrainian Ambassador to Israel Yevhen Korniychuk said that Kyiv wants to buy a missile defense system from the country. However, Jerusalem Post sources doubted that Israel would sell the “Iron Dome” Ukraine or another country due to agreements with the United States governing the export of defense products, as well as international obligations in the field of control over the export of such products.
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The question of the possible transfer of the “Iron Dome” to Ukraine was raised even before the start of the Russian military operation, in the fall of 2021. Then the Politico newspaper wrote that some members of the US Congress proposed to supply Kyiv with two tactical missile defense systems. The Russian Foreign Ministry considered these reports to be indicative of “military preparations” Kyiv.
Cloudy weather with clearings is predicted in the Russian capital on Sunday, July 10, according to the official website of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.
«Cloudy with clearings. Intermittent rain, heavy in places. In some areas, thunderstorms, hail,” the message says.
Daytime air temperature in the city will be from 27 to 29 degrees Celsius.
Southeast wind at a speed of five to ten meters per second. During a thunderstorm, its gusts can reach 17 meters per second.
Atmospheric pressure is 744 millimeters of mercury.
On Monday night, cloudy weather with clearings is also predicted in the capital. Light rain, moderate in places. The air temperature will be from 17 to 19 degrees Celsius.
Eastern wind at a speed of five to ten meters per second. Atmospheric pressure – 744 millimeters of mercury.
Earlier it was reported that Moscow was hit with hail and thunderstorms. In the capital, a third of the monthly rainfall fell within an hour. It also became known that from July 1, the Russian Federation switched to new climatic norms.
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During the first half of the year, Technopolis "Moscow" hosted more than 250 student trainees from leading specialized universities of the capital.
Practice for a student — a necessary thing, you can’t take the future profession only by theory. And any internship — it's a rush forward.
According to Deputy Mayor of Moscow for economic policy and property and land relations Vladimir Efimovа, the interest of future specialists in industrial enterprises of the city is growing year by year. In 2021 240 students have completed an internship in already more than 250. These young people represent both specialized technical specialties and the humanities, for example, management and public relations in an innovative environment.
This year Technopolis "Moscow" accepted for an internship students of Moscow State University. Lomonosov, MAI, Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology, Peoples' Friendship University, Moscow State Technical University. Bauman. Students honed their newly acquired skills in the spaces of enterprises: Mikron, Biforcom Tech, Amedart, PK-137; (Biocad), “Sputnik Technopolis” («R-Pharm») and research and production center «ELVIS».
“Most of the time, — comments head of the Moscow department of investment and industrial policy Vladislav Ovchinsky, — the guys get jobs at microelectronics enterprises. There are currently 32 such companies operating in the special economic zone. Since the beginning of the year, more than 100 students have completed internships there. The positions of engineers, technologists, developers and programmers are most in demand.
Technopolis "Moscow" monitors candidates for an internship in advance. Special project «TechnoWork» collects applications from potential interns, and then connects applicants with responsible recruiters in the technology community of the capital.
"As practice shows — clarifies CEO of Technopolis “Moscow” Gennady Degtev, — students come to the special economic zone first for study tours in companies, and then they are already included in internship programs. All these processes are coordinated by the “TechnoWork” project. At present, 55 enterprises and more than 20 higher education institutions of the capital have joined it. And from the beginning of this year, we began cooperation with five more educational institutions».
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On the night of July 10, a thunderstorm hit Moscow, which many residents of the capital filmed and filmed, according to the NEWS.ru Telegram channel.
On the footage of eyewitnesses – large lightning that lines the entire sky, thunder is heard in the video.
The Russian Hydrometeorological Center predicts cloudy weather with clearings on July 10 in Moscow. According to weather forecasters, it will also rain in the capital, and a thunderstorm is expected in some regions. During a thunderstorm, wind gusts can reach 17 meters per second.
The air in the capital will warm up to 27-29 degrees Celsius, atmospheric pressure is expected at 744 millimeters of mercury.
On Monday night in Moscow cloudy weather with clearings is predicted. There will probably be light rain, moderate in places. The air temperature will be from 17 to 19 degrees Celsius.
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In Russia, access to the website of the German newspaper Die Welt is restricted, TASS writes. It was blocked at the request of the Prosecutor General's Office.
Information about restricting access to Die Welt appeared in the department's service.
As the reason for blocking, calls for riots, extremism, and participation in illegal actions are indicated.  ;
According to the rules, the department restricts access based on the request of the Prosecutor General's Office. The Prosecutor General and his deputies have the relevant powers.
Earlier, the State Duma adopted in the third reading a bill that describes the mechanism for blocking sites. The document states that in the event of a first violation, the site will be suspended for three months. For the second violation, a six-month sentence is issued. After the third registration of the media is invalidated.
Journalists do not have the right to perform duties during the blocking of the resource. The suspension of the publication is carried out without a trial.
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To “counter Russian aggression” and win competition with China, the US needs to engage with countries like Saudi Arabia, Biden said
U.S. President Joe Biden, writing for The Washington Post, said that while many criticize his upcoming trip to Saudi Arabia, it is important in terms of confronting Russia.
“My job as president is to make our country strong and secure. We must counter Russian aggression, position ourselves in the best position to surpass China, and work towards greater stability in an important region of the world,— he wrote.
To do this, according to the president, the United States needs to interact directly with the states that can influence the results of such work. One of them— Saudi Arabia, he writes.
Biden's trip to the Middle East will begin July 13 and run until July 16. The US President will visit Israel, the West Bank and Saudi Arabia. According to Reuters, he will meet with Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud.
According to the American leader, the trip will take place “at a vital time for the region and will help advance American interests.” In particular, he writes, the Middle East is important for maintaining supply chains, and energy resources in the region can mitigate the effects of restrictions imposed in response to the Russian military operation in Ukraine.
According to CNN, Biden's upcoming visit has drawn criticism, given that US National Intelligence believes Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed was involved in the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi. He was known for his criticism of the Saudi Arabian authorities and has lived in the United States since 2017 and has written for The Washington Post. Khashoggi disappeared on October 2, 2018, after he went to the consulate of the kingdom in Istanbul for paperwork. The Turkish prosecutor's office believes that Khashoggi was killed, and his body was dismembered and destroyed. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan claimed the assassination order came from “the highest levels” Saudi government. The crown prince acknowledged responsibility for the murder of Khashoggi, but claimed that he was not aware of the actions of his administration officials.
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Biden promised early in his term that Washington would hold Riyadh accountable for human rights violations. During the election campaign, he said that he would make Saudi Arabia a “rogue state.”
The American media, including The New York Times, began reporting on the American president's decision to travel to Saudi Arabia in June. According to the newspaper, Biden is going to restore bilateral relations, which escalated after the assassination of Khashoggi. In the spring, The Wall Street Journal reported on attempts by the White House to contact the Saudi authorities and urge Riyadh to increase oil production, but the conversation was denied.
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Suspect in the assassination of former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe Tetsuya Yamagami said he had made several weapons and planned to make a bomb before the attack. /p>
The suspect admitted to having made several weapons before the attack and also tried to make a bomb, Mainichi newspaper reported, citing sources in the investigating authorities.
Speaking of his motives, Yamagami said that his mother made a “huge donation” unnamed religious group, in his opinion, associated with Abe, and on which the suspect “holds a grudge”, the publication notes.
“Originally, I intended to attack the leader of the group,” — quotes the source of the word Yamagami. The suspect later decided to attack Abe.
NHK, citing investigation data, writes that Yamagami arrived at the scene of the crime by train an hour before Abe began his speech in the city of Nara.
The attack on former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe took place on the morning of July 8 in the city of Nara where he gave a speech in support of the Liberal Democratic Party. The politician was shot twice in the back, he was wounded in the heart and neck. A few hours later he died in the hospital.
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A 41-year-old former military man, Tetsuya Yamagami, was detained at the crime scene. Earlier, he admitted that he decided to attack Abe because he was dissatisfied with his policies.
Amid protests due to the economic crisis, Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wikramasinghe earlier promised to resign
The situation on the streets of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Four ministers will leave the government of Sri Lanka, Ada Derana reports . Agriculture Minister Mahinda Amarawira, Tourism Minister Harin Fernando, Labor Minister Manousha Nanayakkara, and Transportation Minister Bandula Gunawardana announced their resignations.
Harin Fernando and Manusha Nanayakkara said in a statement that they agreed to join the government under President Gotabay Rajapaksa to do everything possible to overcome the crisis in the country, since the efforts of political parties did not lead to results.
Earlier, against the backdrop of protests, Sri Lankan President Rajapaksa promised to resign on July 13, said the speaker of the country's parliament, Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena. The resignation was also announced by Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe. According to him, he will step down when a new multi-party government is formed.
Protests in Sri Lanka's capital Colombo are taking place against the backdrop of an economic crisis. In April, the government defaulted on its foreign debt. The country is experiencing problems with essential goods, including fuel and medicines. In the government of Sri Lanka, the causes of the crisis were called the pandemic, which hit the most important source of state revenue— tourism, and events in Ukraine, against which oil prices jumped. The required amount of external assistance in the Ministry of Finance of Sri Lanka was estimated at $ 3 billion. The International Monetary Fund said that it was ready to negotiate for assistance when the political situation in the country stabilizes.
On July 9, protesters stormed the presidential palace, and then set fire to the prime minister's residence. The head of state, Gotabay Rajapaksa, was taken out by the military in advance, his whereabouts are unknown. He personally did not announce his resignation, the Speaker of Parliament Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena said about it from his words.
Things don't look 'good' for the US due to 'a major conflict spiraling out of control in Europe' and 'the highest inflation imaginable', says Trump
Former US President Donald Trump said that if he continued to lead the country, the events in Ukraine and the rapid growth of inflation in the United States would not have happened, Axios writes.
“None of these terrible things would have happened if I were president,” he said.
Trump says things don't look “good” for the US at the moment; due to “a major conflict spiraling out of control in Europe” and “the highest inflation imaginable.”
Trump served as President of the United States from January 2017 to January 2021. He failed to win re-election, losing to Democrat Joe Biden. Trump allowed participation in the 2024 presidential election.
After his resignation, he repeatedly criticized the new president, whose actions, in his opinion, made the United States a “country of decline”. The current administration of the White House “does not know how” communicate with Russian President Vladimir Putin, and Biden's actions could lead to a world war, the ex-president believes.
Against the backdrop of events in Ukraine and Western sanctions against Russia, inflation in the United States in March reached a record high for 40 years— 8.5%. US President Joe Biden called inflation a “curse” for the states and stated that gas and food are the most expensive. He also called the rise in prices “Putin's tax”; and “side effect” aid to Ukraine. US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen predicted that inflation would remain high in the country for a long time to come.
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Russia launched a special operation in Ukraine on February 24. Moscow called its goals the protection of the population of Donbass and ensuring its own security in the face of a threat from NATO. Western countries have begun imposing sanctions against Russia, the US has banned oil and gas imports, the EU has introduced a limited oil embargo with a transitional period and an exception for some countries of the union.
When asked about the supply of heavy weapons to Kyiv, French Defense Minister Sebastian Lecornu said that he was trying not to talk “too much” about the supply of weapons
Contacts continue between representatives of the French and Russian defense ministries, finally breaking the thread of relations with Moscow cannot, Sebastien Lecornu, the newly appointed French Defense Minister, told Le Journal Du Dimanche.
“We are not at war with Russia. Yes, there are contacts between civil or military officials, it is impossible to completely cut the thread with Moscow. France is fulfilling its role as a balancing force. Ukraine needs us to be able to play this role, — he said.
Lecornu said that France, together with its allies, will continue to provide military assistance to Ukraine. Asked about Kyiv's requests for more heavy weapons, the minister replied: “We try not to talk too much about our arms deliveries.”
Speaking about the situation in the Donbass, he expressed the opinion that the situation is dragging on for a long time. “In this case, the question arises of the strategic depth of both sides, that is, their ability to recover in order to hold on,” Lecornu said.
Russia has been conducting a special operation in Ukraine since February 24. Moscow called its goals the protection of the population of Donbass and ensuring its own security in the face of a threat from NATO. Kyiv, in response, severed diplomatic relations with Moscow, declared martial law and general mobilization, and Western countries imposed sanctions and increased military assistance to Ukraine.
After the start of the operation, Pentagon chief Lloyd Austin spoke about attempts to organize negotiations with the Russian Ministry of Defense, but was refused. The conversation between Austin and Defense Minister Shoigu eventually took place only in May, the American side reported.
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In connection with the situation in Ukraine, French leader Emmanuel Macron has repeatedly called Russian President Vladimir Putin. In particular, the conversation took place on the first day of the special operation, they also talked many times in March. Prime Minister of Poland Mateusz Morawiecki criticized Macron for constant contacts with Putin, but the French leader said that he considers negotiations his duty.
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photo: hulusi akar. source: wikipedia
Ankara will not postpone or avoid a military operation in northern Syria. This was stated by Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar on Sunday.
The head of the Ministry of Defense referred to the words of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
“As our President stated, there can be no question of to agree to this, it is out of the question for us to listen to this, ”said Akar, quoted by RIA Novosti.
Erdogan previously announced a military operation in Syria, which the international community, according to in his words, “understand”.
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said in an interview with RT Arabic that the Syrian people and the country's army are ready to confront Turkish troops on their territory, if necessary.
The government of Primorsky Krai announced that a volunteer battalion “Tiger” is being formed in the region to participate in a special operation on Ukraine. According to the press service of the government, the detachment is being created on the basis of the 155th Marine Brigade.
“They will have to go through two stages of training within a month,” the press service said, saying that the training of the military will be conducted at the Gornostai and Bamburovo firing ranges.
It is noted that after passing the exams, volunteers will receive marines' berets.
Governor Oleg Kozhemyako, who was present at the shooting practice of volunteers, said: “The main principle that we are forming a community here.” According to him, the battalion will be provided with “all the necessary equipment, special equipment, walkie-talkies.”
“The battalion will come to its countrymen prepared,” Kozhemyako added. .
Korotchenko named the main tasks of counterintelligence officers during the special operation
The recent visit by US President Joe Biden to the office of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was a kind of response to the visit by Russian President Vladimir Putin to the headquarters of the Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR). So says military expert, editor-in-chief of the National Defense magazine Igor Korotchenko.
On the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the CIA, Biden called this agency “the best secret service in the world “. A controversial statement, if we recall last year's events in Afghanistan, when not a single forecast of CIA analysts regarding the development of the situation in this country came true.
Biden also said that the CIA was able to “predict the plans” of President Putin and warn of a special military operation (SVO) in Ukraine. According to Korotchenko, “Biden’s assessments regarding the early disclosure of the goals and objectives of the SVO can be both disinformation and the truth.” In any case, in his opinion, there is a need to intensify the efforts of the First Service of the FSB, the Department of Military Counterintelligence and other specialized structures of the Lubyanka in identifying and suppressing the activities of the CIA agents and British intelligence MI-6, embedded in the key structures of the state administration system of the Russian Federation.
Korotchenko recalled that Putin's visit to Yasenevo on June 30 was associated with the 100th anniversary of domestic illegal intelligence (Department “C” of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service). As he wrote on the Telegram channel, “at present, Russian illegal residencies are presumably deployed in a number of EU countries, as well as in the USA and Canada.”
“Their role and importance increased many times after February 24, 2022,” notes Korotchenko, “when Western countries took coordinated actions to mass expel employees of Russian embassies, among whom, according to representatives of the enemy’s counterintelligence agencies, were personnel officers of the Foreign Intelligence Service and Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
According to the expert, the illegal residencies of the Foreign Intelligence Service have independent channels for maintaining communication with the Center, are completely autonomous in their activities and are practically invulnerable to Western counterintelligence agencies. Failure is possible only in case of betrayal among the officers of Directorate “C”, as it once happened with the Colonel of the SVR Poteev.
Korotchenko believes that it was no coincidence that on the eve of the 75th anniversary of the CIA a feature series was shown on one of the central channels, dedicated to the successful activities of illegal immigrants SVR. He called this step an “active measure” or subtle trolling by the Russian intelligence services of his American “partners”. According to him, in the artistic image of one of the Chekist leaders shown in the series, the legendary Zhomov (Prologue agent) was clearly recognizable, later – Colonel General and, until recently, one of the leaders of the First Service of the FSB.
“At one time, the masterfully organized set-up of a young KGB officer Zhomov to the CIA resident in Moscow and the work of fooled Americans with him became one of Langley’s biggest and most painful punctures in the Soviet/Russian direction,” Korotchenko noted.
Latest news, official statements, data from sources
Russia continues to conduct a special operation on the territory of Ukraine. Schools in Zaporozhye began to receive Russian textbooks. The border regions of the Russian Federation extended the “yellow” level of terrorist threat. Dismissed “scandalous” Ukrainian ambassador to Berlin Melnyk. The circle of candidates for prime minister of Great Britain, which remains one of Kyiv's main allies in the West, is shrinking.
Follow us for the events of Sunday, July 10th. Read the previous day online here.
Photo: Donetsk News Agency
12:23 New French Defense Minister Sebastien Lecornu told Le Journal Du Dimanche that contacts between representatives of the military departments of his country and Russia continue, and also expressed the opinion that it is impossible to completely break off relations with Moscow: “France is fulfilling its role as a balancing force. Ukraine needs us to be able to play this role.” At the same time, the minister added that Paris, together with its allies, would continue to provide military assistance to Kyiv.
12:09The Ukrainian authorities stated that "navigation along the Danube — The Black Sea was restored after the withdrawal of Russian troops from Snake Island. This allowed the grain transportation to resume. It is indicated that two barges have already been sent. In Russia, the exit from the Serpentine was previously called a gesture of goodwill.
11:42 A house was destroyed in Mariupol, where the cult film from the time of perestroika “Little Vera” was filmed.
11:29The LPR said that the power supply system of Severodonetsk was practically destroyed, its partial restoration would take up to three months. “The city's energy system has suffered, one might say, by 95%, it is practically non-existent,” the Republican Grid Company said.
11:25 Roskomnadzor reported that at the request of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation restricted access to the website of the German edition of Die Welt.
11:00 The FSB border department in the Rostov region reported that over the past day more than 17 thousand people from the DPR and LPR crossed the border of the Russian Federation.
10:49 TASS reports that four explosions thundered in Kherson, traces of air defense are visible in the sky.
10:15 Bild am Sonntag writes that in a number of German cities they plan to organize public spaces with heating, so that those who cannot pay utility bills amid the energy crisis can stay there for free.
10:02Cyprus hoteliers complained about financial losses due to the fall in tourist traffic. According to industry representatives, until February 24, it was expected that the current year in terms of the number of tourists would catch up with the pre-pandemic 2019, but against the backdrop of a special operation in Ukraine and sanctions imposed against Russia, the same Russian tourists come to the island much less frequently. Experts complain that now tourists are choosing neighboring Turkey, to which Cyprus has claims because of the northern part of the island.
09:50 The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Zaporozhye region reported that traffic police bodies were formed in the territory controlled by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. It is reported that a system is being prepared for the re-registration of vehicles under Russian law.
09:47 A ship with cargo for Russians working in the archipelago arrived in Svalbard, Norway – earlier Oslo refused to let the cargo pass, referring to sanctions, but in the end the conflict was resolved.
09:33Former US President Trump said that if he were re-elected for a second term in 2020, he would not allow the conflict in Ukraine. “The situation will only get worse, although this could not have happened if the elections had been held differently. We could reach an agreement, but we wouldn't even have to. Nothing would have happened,” Trump believes.
09:20 Zelensky confirmed that the dismissal of Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Melnyk and the heads of diplomatic missions of eight more countries on the eve of the dismissal is a planned rotation .
09:19 The head of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine Reznikov said that the Israeli missile defense system “Iron Dome” not suitable for his country, as it is not able to protect against cruise and ballistic missiles.
09:06 Bloomberg reports that Canada has officially agreed to return to Germany the turbine used on the gas pipeline " Nord Stream – 1″. It is reported that the decision was made despite the objections of Ukraine and the Ukrainian diaspora, who insisted that the return of the unit would violate the sanctions regime.
09:01 The New York Times: there are doubts in the United States that Washington and the West as a whole will be able to continue deliveries of weapons and ammunition to Ukraine at the current level without compromising their own combat readiness. In the publication, the authors refer to certain officials and analysts.
09:00 US President Biden, in his article for the Washington Post, said that during his trip to the Middle East he intends to expand the circle of countries , who will support Washington in the confrontation with Russia and help win the competition with China.
“Helldogs Unleashed”: who will replace the resigned conservative leader
After the resignation of Boris Johnson, the Conservative Party, which he led, began a race for the right to replace the ousted prime minister as party leader , and hence the head of the British government.
Photo: Global Look Press
British Conservatives agree that in many ways the power struggle within the party is taking place at some of the worst of times, with the cost-of-living crisis and conflict in Ukraine raging. And, as The Guardian points out, these are just two of the problems facing the UK government.
But it is clear to all that the situation has gone too far. The coup against Johnson had an unstoppable momentum. What Conservative MPs were most worried about was not Johnson's fate, but what would follow. “I think the party will fight for survival,” one of the former ministers said on Wednesday afternoon.
The same MP said that Johnson's campaign support in the 2019 general election was so broad – mainly due to the slogan “get Brexit done” – that success has bred complacency.
The Tory Party has never given much thought to how it succeed in penetrating new areas less traditional for conservatives, as she can manage a broad coalition of voters.
Conservatives realized that getting rid of Boris Johnson was only the beginning. The leadership struggle will expose many of the flaws, unanswered questions of the Johnson era, and expose the personal ambitions of those who have long wanted to replace him in leadership positions.
The former Conservative minister said on Friday he feared weeks of inappropriate self-promotion by candidates: “The worry is that it all boils down to a Dutch auction where people are promising lower and lower taxes, even harder Brexit lines in the Northern Ireland protocol. and against both. All this can be quite devastating.”
Shortly after Boris Johnson announced his departure on Thursday, Culture Secretary Nadine Dorries, Johnson’s staunch supporter and potential replacement herself, warned: “Hellish the dogs are unleashed. People will shred each other to shreds in the media. It will be a bloodbath.”
Zack Goldsmith, whom Johnson elevated to Lordship, wrote on social media that his environmental agenda is in danger of being forgotten: “Most of the likely contenders are people who generally don't care about climate and nature.”
By the end of the week, the list of Tories who made clear their intention to run for the leadership of the Conservative Party included: former chancellor Rishi Sunak, whose resignation on Tuesday sparked dozens more resignations from government; Nadhim Zahavi, who succeeded him as chancellor; Foreign Minister Liz Truss; Transport Minister Grant Shapps; Tom Tugendhat, Chairman of the Select Committee on Foreign Affairs; Attorney General Swella Braverman; and Kemi Badenoch, who until her resignation last week was Minister for Enhancement and Equality.
They were joined by Sajid Javid, who was the first to leave office as Minister of Health last week, and former Health Minister Jeremy Hunt. Commerce Secretary Penny Mordaunt is expected to announce herself as the challenger. But Secretary of Defense Ben Wallace, previously considered one of the favorites, excluded himself from the race for party leadership.
This weekend, Rishi Sunak is considered the top favorite, with at least 80 Conservative MPs signing for him. Announcing his intention to run in a social media video, Sunak said he wanted to “restore confidence, rebuild the economy and reunite the country.”
Senior officials, including former Commerce Secretary Liam Fox, have described Sunak as “an outstanding person who really has a plan to control government spending over time. What we can't do is continue to spend the money we don't have and shift the burden onto future taxpayers.”
But as soon as the ex-chancellor announced his intention to run, his detractors drew their knives, writes The Guardian.
Loyal to Johnson to the last, Junior Minister for Brexit Opportunities and Government Efficiency Jacob Rees-Mogg said: “We had a high-tax chancellor and I belong to a low-tax party and I want us to be a low-tax party again. taxes.” Earlier this week, Rees-Mogg said Sunak was a “failed Chancellor” (remember, the Chancellor of the Exchequer is essentially the head of the Treasury).
In Downing Street, where Johnson will remain duties until the beginning of September, undisguised contempt for Sunak reigns. One government insider said it was clear that Johnson and his men would not leave quietly, and that their next task would be to stop Sunak at all costs.
Johnson's closest aides, including David Canzini, urged the prime minister not to leave until late Wednesday evening. “His message was: “Lock the doors. Don't quit, fight it,” the insider said. Even when Johnson did leave, no one spoke of supporting his successor, whoever he was: “It was all about his credentials. He had this mandate. There was a sense of betrayal and herd accusation.”
Rumors emerged on Saturday that Michael Gove, whom Johnson fired on Wednesday after alleging more betrayal by a former promotion secretary, had agreed to support Rishi Sunak. This was denied by the Gove camp. However, if Gove did this in the coming days and weeks, the anger of the embittered Johnson supporters on Sunak's team would double.
Former Tory vice-chairman Sir Charles Walker said an ugly power struggle was inevitable: “The Rishis and his camp will have to absorb a lot of anger in the coming days and weeks. Will this prevent him from becoming a leader? Probably no. Will this prevent him from being prime minister? Definitely. However, whoever replaces Boris will suffer the same condemnation to a greater or lesser extent. They will incur the wrath of the disillusioned.”
With all this in mind, Sir Graham Brady, chairman of the Conservative “committee of 1922”, has been struggling in recent days to reduce the “succession” contest so that choose a new Tory leader and Prime Minister of Great Britain as soon as possible.
The 1922 Executive Committee will meet on Monday and decide how to reduce the number of candidates to two in the MPs' vote series by the time Parliament is adjourned for next week.
Later on Monday, Brady will meet with the party's board to approve a schedule of nationwide events for late July and August, after which nearly 200,000 party members will vote. The new Tory leader and prime minister is expected to be announced on 5 September.
The British Ministry of Defense purchased Kalashnikov assault rifles to help Kyiv
Ukrainian servicemen arrived in the UK for special training from British military specialists. Up to 10,000 recruits will be trained over several weeks to learn how to fight against Russia.
Photo: Global Look Press
The British military has begun training Ukrainian soldiers in a new program that will help them fight against Russia, according to The Guardian.
Up to 10,000 Ukrainian troops will arrive in the UK for special military training that will last several weeks. The UK Ministry of Defense confirmed that the first group of Ukrainian troops met with British Defense Secretary Ben Wallace on Thursday.
Wallace, who was widely expected to launch a campaign to replace Boris Johnson as leader of the Conservative Party , called this program the next stage of British support for the Ukrainian army.
“Using the experience of the world-class British army, we will help Ukraine rebuild its strength and strengthen resistance,” — said the head of the British Ministry of Defense.
Ukraine is losing up to 200 soldiers daily, according to The Guardian, meaning that preparing reinforcements away from the threat of Russian attacks is critical to Kyiv's war effort.
About 1,050 British troops are being deployed to carry out the program, which will take place at four unnamed MoD sites in the northwest, southwest and southeast of the UK.
The training, The Guardian explains, will give Ukrainian volunteer recruits with little to no military experience the skills they need to effectively fight on the front lines. Based on the basic training of soldiers in the UK, the course covers the handling of weapons, first aid on the battlefield, field skills, patrol tactics and the law of armed conflict.
The British government, which has so far invested £2.3bn in military aid to Ukraine, has also bought AK rifles for the exercise so that Ukrainian soldiers can train with the weapons they will use on the front lines.
The United States also provide training for the Ukrainian military, and senior officers are trained at Fort Leavenworth in Kansas.
In mid-June, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who visited Kyiv, proposed a major training operation for Ukrainian forces, with the capacity to train up to 10,000 soldiers every 120 days. As part of the previous operation "Orbital" The UK has trained more than 22,000 Ukrainian troops from 2015 to the start of the conflict in Ukraine. The new program will train the armed forces outside the country.
“When Ukrainian soldiers fire British missiles in defense of your country's sovereignty, they do so in defense of the very freedoms we take for granted,” – Boris Johnson said during his stay in Kyiv. – That's why I proposed to President Zelensky a major new military training program.
According to the British training program for the Ukrainian military, each soldier must spend three weeks on a training course, learning front-line combat skills, as well as basic medical training, cybersecurity and counter-explosive tactics.
The UK has previously provided Ukraine with more than £1.3 billion in economic and humanitarian assistance, including more than 5,000 NLAW anti-tank missiles, long-range multiple launch rocket systems and artillery systems, including 155 mm self-propelled guns.
Yuriy Zhdanov: “They, like sadomasochists, just dream about it”
American experts are surprised to think that the United States, by supporting Ukraine, has themselves come to a dangerous threshold, followed by nuclear war. They began to seriously discuss how they could avoid this conflict, and work out possible scenarios for the development of the situation. President of the All-Russian Police Association, Lieutenant-General, Doctor of Law, Honored Lawyer of Russia, Professor Yuri Zhdanov told how US analysts intend to act if a nuclear war breaks out tomorrow.
– It seems that they, as sadomasochists, just dream about it. Thus, on July 4, Foreign Affairs published an article by Columbia University professor, member of the Council on Foreign Relations Richard C. Betts, “Thinking the Unthinkable in Ukraine.”
By the way, let me remind you that back in 1945 Churchill proposed a plan for a nuclear war against the Soviet Union under the code “Unthinkable”. At the same time, he proposed arming the captured Germans with their own weapons, forming new divisions from them and sending them against us. And drop American atomic bombs on our cities. And now they again remembered the “unthinkable”.
– Well, why so rudely? They, like true gentlemen, give us the first shot.
– Rather, they make a good face on a bad game. Betts writes that “the danger would be the greatest” if the conflict turned decisively in favor of Ukraine. “This,” the American expert continues, “is the only situation in which an incentive for the Russians to take this monstrous risk would be plausible in an attempt to prevent defeat by shocking Ukraine and its NATO supporters into leaving. The Russians can do this by launching one or more tactical nuclear warheads against Ukrainian forces, or by setting off a symbolic explosion over empty territory.”
That is, from the point of view of an American author, it's just a blessing that Russia's military operations in Ukraine are so successful, otherwise these evil Russians, in desperation, would use special ammunition.
– So you really want to dream! And they dream. Betts lists three broad options under which US policymakers should seek answers to a hypothetical Russian nuclear attack in Ukraine.
First. The United States could rhetorically condemn a nuclear explosion but do nothing militarily.
Second. The US may use its own nuclear weapons.
Third. Refrain from a nuclear counterattack, but engage directly in the conflict by launching large-scale conventional airstrikes and mobilizing ground forces.
But all of these alternatives are bad, Betts writes, because there are no low-risk options to deal with ending the nuclear taboo. At the same time, Betts thoughtfully believes that the third option for responding to a Moscow nuclear strike is the least bad of the three, because it avoids the higher risks of both the weaker and stronger options.
– For American analysts with their mess in their heads is the norm. But here it is necessary to remember the history of the issue. And Richard Betts remembers her. For the past three decades, American policy makers have paid little attention to the potential dynamics of nuclear escalation, he said.
During the Cold War, by contrast, this issue was at the center of the strategic debate. At that time, it was NATO that relied in principle on the option of deliberate escalation, starting with the limited use of tactical nuclear weapons as a way to stop the “Soviet invasion”. This strategy was controversial, but it was adopted because the West believed that its conventional forces were inferior to those of the Warsaw Pact. Today, with the balance of power shifted, Russia's current “escalate to de-escalate” doctrine mimics NATO's Cold War “flexible response” concept.
NATO promoted a policy of flexible response rhetorically, but strategically this idea has always been shaky. The actual contingency plans that the Alliance developed never generated consensus, simply because the use of nuclear weapons risked a tit-for-tat exchange that could culminate in an apocalyptic unrestricted war. As J. Michael Legge, a former member of the NATO Nuclear Planning Group, noted in a 1983 study for the RAND Corporation, the group failed to reach an agreement out of fear that Moscow could always catch up or raise the stakes. Today, there is hope that this old dilemma will keep Moscow from releasing a “nuclear genie” in the first place.
But Betts says NATO policymakers should not rely on Moscow's restraint in the first place.
– Of course not! “Red lines” are set only by them. Betts writes that “as NATO faces the possibility of Russia using nuclear weapons, the first question it must answer is whether this possibility should represent a real red line for the West. In other words, will a Russian nuclear attack cause NATO to move from simply supplying Ukraine to directly participating in hostilities? The motive for Russia's use of tactical nuclear weapons could be either to scare NATO away from crossing this line or to force Ukraine to capitulate. If a few Russian nuclear strikes do not provoke the United States into direct combat, Moscow will have the green light to use more of these weapons and quickly overwhelm Ukraine.”
The American expert continues: “If the challenge, which is now only hypothetical, really arises, entering into a nuclear war could easily appear to the Americans as an experiment that they do not want to carry out. For this reason, there is a very real possibility that politicians will come up with the weakest option: rant about the unthinkable barbarism of Russia's actions and apply whatever untapped economic sanctions that are still available, but do nothing militarily. This would mean that Moscow has complete freedom of action militarily, including the further use of nuclear weapons to destroy the Ukrainian defense, which, in essence, means the recognition of the victory of Russia.”
– Almost according to Saltykov-Shchedrin: what I wanted something – either a constitution, or a stellate sturgeon with horseradish, or I would take and skin someone.
But Betts draws a surprising conclusion: if the Kremlin's victory does come, it will have great attraction for Americans, because it will avoid the ultimate risk of national suicide: “Nuclear war can easily hit the Americans as an experiment they don't want to carry out.”
According to the American expert, this prospect “should be balanced by longer-term risks that may arise as a result of creating an epoch-making precedent when a nuclear attack pays off. If the West is not going to back down—or, more importantly, if it wants to keep Putin from the nuclear gambit in the first place—governments should make it as plausible as possible that Russia's use of nuclear weapons will provoke NATO, not intimidate it.
If NATO decides that it will strike back on behalf of Ukraine, then more questions will arise: whether to use nuclear weapons as well, and if so, how. The most common representation is that of a tit-for-tat nuclear counterattack destroying Russian targets comparable to those targeted by the original Russian attack. This is an option that arises intuitively, but it is unattractive because it involves a slow exchange of views in which neither side gives up and in the end both are devastated.
“Alternatively,” Betts argues, “Washington could retaliate with nuclear strikes on a larger scale than Russia's first use, threatening Moscow with disproportionate losses if it attempts to continue limited nuclear attacks.”
These rants similar to a split personality.
– What are you, this is what the calculation is based on! True, Betts regrets that there are several problems in this case.
First, in his opinion, if US nuclear weapons are used against Russian troops in Ukraine, they will cause collateral damage to their clients. This is not a new problem. During the Cold War, strategists who criticized the use of tactical nuclear weapons to counter invading Soviet troops quipped, “There are only two kilotons between cities in Germany.” At the same time, the use of nuclear weapons against targets inside Russia will increase the danger of unleashing an unlimited war.
Second, the problem with back-and-forth tactical nuclear strikes is that Russia would have an advantage because it has more tactical nuclear weapons than the United States. This asymmetry will require US policymakers to quickly resort to strategic forces – intercontinental missiles or bombers – to maintain an advantage. This, in turn, can lead to the total mutual destruction of major powers. Thus, both tit-for-tat and disproportionate retaliation carry frighteningly high risks.
A less dangerous option, according to Betts, would be to respond to a nuclear attack by launching an air campaign using only conventional munitions against Russian military installations and mobilizing ground forces for a possible deployment in the battle in Ukraine. This will be accompanied, Betts believes, by two strong public statements.
First, in order to weaken the view of this low-level option as weak, NATO politicians would emphasize that modern precision technologies make tactical nuclear weapons unnecessary for effective target destruction. , which were previously considered vulnerable only to indiscriminate weapons of mass destruction.
This would present Russia's turn to nuclear strikes as further evidence of “its military backwardness,” argues the author of the Foreign Affairs article.
Direct entry into the conflict at the usual level would not neutralize the panic in the West. But that would mean Russia would face a prospect of hostilities against NATO that vastly outnumbers non-nuclear forces, is backed by a nuclear retaliation capability, and is less likely to remain contained if Russia directs its nuclear strikes at U.S. forces rather than Ukrainian forces.
The second important signal is that any subsequent use of nuclear weapons by Russia will trigger an American retaliatory nuclear strike.
This is what they like to think. It was no coincidence that they called the place of their meetings the Capitol: they say, they are civilized Rome, and all around are barbarians. However, at the same time, they very vaguely remember how it all ended.
Here Betts regrets that “a direct war between the major powers, which began at any level, runs the risk of degenerating into mass destruction. Such a strategy would appear weaker than in-kind retaliation and exacerbate rather than ease the Russians' desperation for losing, thus leaving their original motive for escalation and the possibility that they would redouble their efforts and use even more nuclear weapons. weapons. This would make it necessary to combine a NATO military response with a settlement offer that would include as many cosmetic concessions as possible to give Russia some semblance of peace with honor. The main advantage of the conventional option is simply that it will not be as risky as the weaker option of inaction or the stronger nuclear option. bed.
– According to Betts, in the event of a Russian nuclear strike, NATO will have two conflicting tasks. “On the one hand, the Alliance will want to negate any strategic advantage that Moscow could get from a strike. On the other hand, he will want to avoid further escalation.
To that end, NATO must not only pose a credible threat of retaliation but also seek support from third parties that Putin wants to keep from joining the Western opposition. Until now, Moscow has been supported by the refusal of China, India and other countries to fully join the campaign of economic sanctions imposed by the West. However, these “fence watchers” have an interest in maintaining the nuclear taboo. They can be persuaded, declared that their further economic cooperation with Russia depends on its renunciation of the use of nuclear weapons. As a statement of a still hypothetical possibility, neutral countries might see this as an inexpensive gesture, a way to keep the West off their backs, tackling a situation they don't expect,” hopes Betts.
– Frankly speaking, It doesn't fit with anything at all, especially with common sense. Henry Kissinger, who is by no means a Russophile, urged Kyiv to sacrifice part of the territory in order to organize at least some negotiations that could prevent a nuclear catastrophe. But – no, the current American curators of Ukraine continue to pump up the Armed Forces of Ukraine with their weapons – which leads to the threat of a nuclear conflict. And they talk amateurishly about the art of war. I recommend re-reading “War and Peace” by Leo Tolstoy: “What is the art of war? The art of being stronger than the enemy at a certain moment. That's all”. And we are stronger!
Political scientist Satanovsky told why Ukrainians sell European weapons to Russia
Russian troops continue to receive military equipment produced in NATO countries. Some of the trophies have already been exhibited in Patriot Park near Moscow, where a special exposition has been created for them.
Most often, the trophies are left by the Ukrainian armed forces themselves, but there have already been cases when Ukrainian militants sold foreign weapons through the darknet, seeing in the property trade of Western allies another way to make money. Photos of captured Ukrainian military equipment regularly appear on social networks, and some trophies are exhibited in the Patriot park.
The well-known Russian political scientist Yevgeny Satanovsky told in his Telegram channel the reason why Ukrainians are selling military equipment to Russia technique. According to the political scientist, the sale of two French self-propelled guns “Caesar” by soldiers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine for $ 120 thousand per unit did not hurt anyone, because Russian artillery would have razed them to the ground along with the crews anyway.
Yevgeny Satanovsky ironically wrote that France should not worry about selling its military equipment either: “The French gave their self-propelled guns to Zelensky? Gave away. Of course, they said that they gave it from the bottom of their hearts, but in fact they recorded the fact of the transfer of military equipment to the balance of French support for Ukraine. It turns out that at the end of a special military operation, willy-nilly, someone will have to pay these amounts, and these are no longer France's problems.”
A curious exhibit of the Patriot park was the Pinzgauer 712 AMB-S off-road vehicle in the version of a medical vehicle. These vehicles are manufactured by the Austrian company Steyr-Daimler-Puch but assembled in the UK. The cost of the all-terrain vehicle seized by Russia can reach up to $100,000. An interesting fact is that the production of the Pinzgauer 712 ceased in 1990, which can serve as another proof that NATO countries are supplying Ukraine with obsolete weapons thirty years ago to be disposed of.
Other foreign trophies were also at the exhibition: Estonian the armored car “Mamba” Mk2 EE, the American cargo van “Humvee” and the British armored personnel carrier AT105 “Saxon”.
Military equipment produced in Ukraine did not escape the fate of the exhibit, for example, patrol boats of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine BG-23 and BG-24 of the UMS-1000 project and BG-309 of the 50030 Kalkan project. The boats of the UMS-1000 project can reach speeds of up to 70 kilometers per hour, and the 50030 Kalkan project is not only 7 kilometers faster, but is also equipped with two machine guns – 12.7 mm and 7.62 mm.