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Protests erupt in Uzbekistan over constitutional reform

The reason for the protests was the draft of the new Constitution of Uzbekistan, which excludes from the Basic Law the provisions on the sovereignty of the Republic of Karakalpakstan and the right to secession based on a general referendum


In the capital of Karakalpakstan (part of Uzbekistan), Nukus, protests took place over the constitutional reform, reported. Footage from the scene captured a procession of demonstrators on the streets of the city, some protesters holding the flag of Karakalpakstan in their hands.

The reason for the protests was the draft of the new Constitution of Uzbekistan, which excludes provisions on the sovereignty of Karakalpakstan and its right from the main document of the country people to secede on the basis of the results of the general referendum, radio station “Ozodlik” explains. (Uzbek edition of “Radio Liberty”, in Russia, the radio station is included by the Ministry of Justice in the register of media-foreign agents).

The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Uzbekistan reported that the protests began in the center of Nukus around 15:00 local time (13:00 Moscow time). “Some citizens, due to a misinterpretation of the constitutional reforms being carried out in our republic, unexpectedly organized street rallies,” — The Ministry of Internal Affairs noted.

The forces and means of law enforcement agencies were attracted to the scene in order to prevent violation of public order, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Uzbekistan added.

RBC sent a request to the Russian Embassy in Uzbekistan, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan and the administration of the President of Karakalpakstan.

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Amendments to the Constitution of Uzbekistan were submitted for public discussion on June 26. According to “Ozodlik” and the BBC Uzbek service, against the backdrop of criticism of the reform and calls for protests in social networks in Karakalpakstan, there are problems with wired and mobile Internet.

In 1930, the Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Region was withdrawn from the Kazakh ASSR and transferred to the RSFSR. In 1936-1990, the Karakalpak ASSR was part of the Uzbek SSR. In December 1990, the Parliament of the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan adopted a declaration on state sovereignty, and in 1993 an agreement was signed on the entry of Karakalpakstan into Uzbekistan for 20 years. The agreement mentions the right of Karakalpakstan to secede from Uzbekistan by holding a referendum.

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Ukraine asked Turkey to arrest a ship with grain from Berdyansk

Ukraine has asked Turkey to take action against a ship with grain from Berdyansk. It is chartered by a Russian company from a Kazakh owner. He claims that grain transportation services are provided by a company from Estonia at the request of Kyiv

View of the commercial seaport of Berdyansk

Ukraine asked Turkey to detain and arrest a ship flying the Russian flag, which left the port of Berdyansk (Zaporozhye region) with grain. It is reported by Reuters with reference to the document and an unnamed Ukrainian official. Ukraine's ambassador to Turkey, Vasily Bodnar, confirmed that Kyiv had asked Turkey to “take action” in relation to the ship.

“Based on the letter from the Prosecutor General's Office, we appealed to the Turkish side with a call to take urgent measures”,— the ambassador wrote on Facebook (its parent organization, Meta, has been declared extremist and banned in Russia).

According to the source of Reuters, the ship “Zhibek Zholy” 4.5 thousand tons of wheat were loaded in Berdyansk. In a letter to the Turkish Ministry of Justice, which was studied by Reuters, the Ukrainian Prosecutor General's Office said that the vessel was involved in the “illegal export of Ukrainian grain”; from Berdyansk to Turkish Karasu. In circulation, a different amount of wheat was called— 7 thousand tons

The Turkish Foreign Ministry did not respond to the agency's request for comment.

At the same time, the Kazakh company KTZ Express Shipping, which is the owner of the vessel, published a message regarding the participation of Zhibek Zholy in the export of grain. The company said that since October it has an agreement with the Russian company “Green Line” on chartering a ship without a crew for a period until November 2022.

“Guarantees are provided on the part of Green Line LLC that they are not subject to any sanctions on the date of conclusion of the contract and during the validity period. Otherwise, the shipowner has the right to immediately terminate the contract, — the Kazakh company said. They also stressed that the “Green Line” and its leadership are not on the sanctions lists of the US, EU, UK and Canada. KTZ Express indicated that, according to the contract, the tenant is not obliged to coordinate with it the type of cargo and transportation routes.

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In addition, the Kazakh company said that, according to its information, Green Line signed a long-term contract for the provision of services for the transportation of grain from Ukraine to Turkey with the Estonian company Mangelbert OU.

“According to the head of Mangelbert OU, on June 28, the Zhibek Zholy ship, loaded with wheat (6927 tons) at the Berdyansk Commercial Sea Port, left the port heading for the Turkish port of Karasu. He also claims that the grain is Ukrainian and the transportation is carried out along the agreed humanitarian corridor at the request of the Ukrainian side,— the Kazakh company said. At the same time, KTZ Express indicated that it was consulting with participants in the transportation and representatives of the diplomatic mission, without specifying the country.

According to the Marine Traffic vessel tracking website, Zhibek Zholy has already arrived at the port of Karasu. Novorossiysk is indicated as the port of departure— from there, according to the service, the ship left on June 22.

RBC sent inquiries to the press services of the Turkish Foreign Ministry, the Turkish Ministry of Justice, Mangelbert OU, and also asked the press service of Green Line LLC for comment.

On June 30, the head of the military-civilian administration of the Zaporozhye region Yevgeny Balitsky said that after several months of inactivity, the first ship with 7,000 tons of grain left the port of Berdyansk. The wheat was sent “to friendly countries,” he pointed out. At the same time, Balitsky later removed the second sentence from his message, which contained information about the amount of grain and the points where it was transported.

Berdyansk has been under the control of the Russian military since the end of February. A new administration was formed there.

Earlier, the UN said that 4.5 million tons of grain had accumulated in Ukrainian ports, which they could not take out. President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said that from 20 million to 25 million tons of agricultural products were blocked in the country: wheat, corn, barley, sunflower oil. The Russian leadership has repeatedly stated that it does not interfere with the export of grain and is ready to ensure the unhindered passage of dry cargo ships with wheat. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov pointed out that the export of grain is hindered by “minefields” that have been planted by Ukrainian servicemen. Russian President Vladimir Putin said that there are several ways to export Ukrainian grain, including both ports controlled by Russia and controlled by Ukraine. Turkey joined the negotiations on the export of Ukrainian grain: the Turkish side, among other things, announced an agreement to create an operations center for grain.

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NASAMS air defense systems included in the new package of military assistance to Ukraine from the United States for $ 820 million

The United States will transfer ammunition for the American HIMARS MLRS, two Norwegian NASAMS systems and counter-battery radars to Ukraine .jpg” alt=”The new $820 million package of US military assistance to Ukraine includes NASAMS air defense systems” />

NASAMS air defense systems

The new $820 million package of US military assistance to Ukraine includes additional deliveries of shells for an American jet HIMARS multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS), two NASAMS anti-aircraft missile systems, up to 150,000 shells for 155-millimeter artillery, and four counter-battery radars, according to the Pentagon website.

The Defense Ministry noted that since the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine, the United States has provided approximately $6.9 billion in military assistance to Kyiv, and since President Joe Biden— about $7.6 billion.

Biden announced new arms supplies to Ukraine the day before, on June 30th. He said that in addition to HIMARS ammunition, which Washington is already supplying to Kyiv (the first batch of MLRS capable of hitting targets at a distance of up to 80 km, and shells for them arrived in the country on June 23), counter-battery radars and artillery will be included in the aid package.

NASAMS was developed in the 90s by the Norwegian company Kongsberg together with the American Raytheon. The air defense system was adopted by the Norwegian Air Force in 1994. Also, these complexes in various modifications are in service with Spain, the Netherlands, Lithuania, Finland and other countries. The system can hit targets at a distance of more than 100 miles (160 km), writes CNN. At the end of June, Politico journalist Paul McLeary reported that the Ukrainian military was already learning how to operate them.

On June 29, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg announced that the countries— members of the alliance at the summit in Madrid approved a package of assistance to Ukraine, which includes, among other things, communications, supplies of fuel, medical equipment, equipment to fight drones.

Western countries began to increase arms supplies to Ukraine due to the Russian military operation, which began on February 24. Since then, they have supplied or committed to supply Kyiv with weapons, military equipment and funds for military purposes totaling approximately $38.5 billion.

The Russian authorities have repeatedly accused Western countries of “pumping” Ukraine with weapons and warned of the risk of escalation. At the same time, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that this would not prevent Russia from achieving the declared goals of the military operation. President Vladimir Putin named among them “demilitarization” and “denazification” Ukraine, as well as the "liberation of Donbass".

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The head of Zelensky’s office called Kyiv’s conditions for lifting sanctions against Russia

Kyiv believes that sanctions against Russia should be in effect until “proper assurances” from her side, as well as compensation for damage. Moscow has repeatedly called the sanctions illegal and declared the “sanctions hysteria” of the West alt=”The head of Zelensky's office named Kyiv's conditions for lifting sanctions against Russia” />

Andriy Yermak

International security guarantees for Ukraine should include a bloc on sanctions against Russia, head of the office of the President of Ukraine Andriy Yermak said. His words are quoted on the website of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.

According to Yermak, the sanctions policy bloc should become an effective tool to prevent new conflicts. He believes that sanctions against Russia will continue until two conditions are met.

“Firstly, it [Russia] must give proper assurances and guarantees that aggression against Ukraine will not be repeated. Secondly, it must provide full compensation for the damage caused to our state and citizens,” — Yermak said.

According to him, guarantees should also include blocks on the further provision of weapons and military equipment to Ukraine “without any restrictions and politically conditioned obstacles”; building a system of agreements, “which will provide detailed mechanisms for the actions of guarantors in the event of aggression against Ukraine”; annual financial assistance for the development of the defense sector; a permanent security threat assessment mechanism.

“Ukraine has had a very negative experience with security assurances under the Budapest Memorandum. We categorically refuse to repeat it. “Budapest-2” won't,— concluded Yermak.

Kyiv created an expert group to develop international security guarantees for Ukraine, its first meeting was held on July 1. The group is led by Andriy Yermak and ex-NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen, who was an adviser to former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko.

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Ukraine demands international security guarantees in exchange for declaring a neutral status and refusing to aspire to join NATO. According to Kyiv, permanent members of the UN Security Council, including Russia, as well as Turkey, Germany, Italy, Israel, Poland and Canada could become guarantors.

Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in April that security guarantees should be provided not only to Ukraine, but to all European countries and Russia. He also drew attention to the fact that these guarantees cannot apply to Crimea and those regions whose independence was recognized by Russia.

The US State Department previously said that the easing of sanctions against Russia could be included in the Russian-Ukrainian agreement (negotiations on it stopped in mid-May). Secretary of State Anthony Blinken has indicated that Washington will keep an eye on what Kyiv wants, and if it decides that lifting restrictions will end hostilities, the US can do so. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz also said that anti-Russian restrictions would be lifted only in agreement with Ukraine.

Lavrov noted that the West had been preparing sanctions against Russia for a long time and they “will hardly be lifted.” According to the minister, the restrictions “look like hysteria, even somewhere like agony.”

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Russia ceased to participate in the agreements of the Council of Europe

Moscow ceases participation in eight agreements of the Council of Europe, in connection with this, 14 acts and provisions have become invalid. Russia left the Council of Europe in March

Russia ceases participation in eight partial and extended partial agreements of the Council of Europe (CE). The document, signed by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, dated June 28, was published on the legal information portal.

Thus, Russia withdraws from the Group for International Cooperation on Drugs and Addictions (Group Pompidou, formerly known as the Group for Cooperation in Combating Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking), the European Fund for Supporting Cooperative Film Production and Distribution of Cinematographic and Audiovisual Works. Evrimage» and the European Audiovisual Observatory.

Participation in the partial agreement of 1990 establishing the European Commission for Democracy through Law, and in the partial open agreement of the CE on forecasting, preventing and providing assistance in the event of natural disasters and technological disasters have also been terminated.

In addition, Russia withdrew from the expanded partial agreements on sports, on cultural routes and from the Observatory for the Teaching of History in Europe.

In this regard, 14 acts and provisions have become invalid.

Russia withdrew from the Council of Europe in March, after 26 years of membership. Prior to that, the day after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe limited Russia's rights in this organization and in PACE. On March 14, the CE Parliamentary Assembly notified the Russian delegation of the suspension of its membership in the assembly, later voting for the exclusion of Russia from the CE.

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The Russian Foreign Ministry explained the decision to withdraw from the Council of Europe by the abuse of “their majority” in the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe by the states of the European Union and NATO, which becomes a continuation of the “line of destruction”; this organization.

Later, Vice Speaker of the Federation Council Konstantin Kosachev said that Russia intends to denounce the Charter of the Council of Europe, the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and four other conventions, as well as a number of documents that do not meet the interests states.

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Arestovich announced the possibility of Ukraine’s strike on the Crimean bridge

Photo: Information Center “Crimean Bridge”

Advisor to the head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Oleksiy Arestovich said on the air that the Armed Forces of Ukraine could hit the Crimean bridge . According to him, it can happen “at the right moment, at the right time.” So far, the Armed Forces of Ukraine cannot technically reach this goal, Arestovich added.

Earlier, the Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly spoken about the desire to hit the Crimean bridge. In particular, this was stated by the director of the Center for the Study of the Army, Conversion and Disarmament, Valentin Badrak.

Before that, the head of Crimea, Sergei Aksenov, said that Crimea and the Crimean bridge are reliably protected by air defense systems. 

Meanwhile, the Telegram channel of the Russian Investigative Committee reported that investigators would give a legal assessment of the statements of Ukrainian Major General Dmitry Marchenko, who threatened to strike at the Crimean bridge.


Industrialists of Kaliningrad spoke about the situation in the region: we are preparing for everything

“Started with one ferry, now there are five”

The well-known news agency Bloomberg reported the other day that the EU may include amendments to Kaliningrad in the new sanctions package that define the rules transit of goods from Russia through Lithuania. In the Kaliningrad region itself, of course, they are waiting for such a decision, but they are not going to rely on Europe, and are ready for any development of events. Even if Lithuania does not open transit, local business will not give up. About how local enterprises cope in such difficult conditions and what kind of support they expect from the state, Moskovsky Komsomolets was told by a person who knows the strengths and weaknesses of the region,Andrey Vladimirovich Romanov, President of the Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs of the Kaliningrad Region.

Kaliningrad Photo:

“Those decisions taken by Lithuanian politicians complicate the activities and work of enterprises,” says Andrey Romanov, “But we don’t use the word blockade, we still have options for alternative cargo deliveries. First of all, this is a sea route, a ferry crossing, dry cargo ships, container ships on the sea route. There are options, and they will always be saved. I do not think that the European Union, and even more so small Lithuania, will have enough resources to carry out a blockade of a subject of the Russian Federation. But returning to the issue of enterprises, the economy, this, of course, complicates current activities, and we see this in the example of the supply of metal, building materials, primarily cement, and other groups of goods.

– The current situation is a test for each specific enterprise and for the economy of the Kaliningrad region as a whole. We've all stepped out of our comfort zone, and we're all in extreme conditions right now. There are risks that some enterprises will leave the market, but there are always such risks even under normal conditions. I have no doubt that the main companies will remain on the market and continue their activities. And here the speed of decision-making is very important. Nevertheless, we are waiting for a decision from Lithuania and the European Union that they will abandon their decision and restore transit in the form in which it was before June 17. This would be logical, since the adopted decision is completely contrary to the spirit and letter of the agreements that were signed by the Baltic countries when they joined the European Union. It was the beginning of the 2000s. The European Union, of course, has the right to prohibit the import of certain products to or from itself, but trying to regulate the movement of goods between the subjects of Russia is beyond all reasonable limits and this decision is inadequate. We expect the European Union to understand this and change its legal acts. If this does not happen, we will have to expand our sea route, and in recent days additional ships have already appeared that allow us to supply metals, cement, and building materials. And we will respond to all deterioration with adequate actions in order to maintain economic activity in the region.

– Literally today, the media reported that the First Deputy Prime Minister of the Government of the Russian Federation Andrei Removich Belousov said that the deterioration of logistics for enterprises in the Kaliningrad region should not affect competitiveness. We have already come out with initiatives to subsidize more expensive logistics in order for enterprises to remain competitive. I hope that our proposals will be heard and we will receive support from the federal center.

— This is a matter of discussion. Taking into account the peculiarities of the Kaliningrad region, we have always had the issue of expensive logistics, and at some stages these mechanisms have already been developed. It seems to me that such a mechanism can be implemented quite quickly without developing something new and without going through a large circle of discussions and approvals. It seems to me that there is no need to discuss industries, we need to look at the goods that go to and from Kaliningrad, and subsidize them. At what level? To the level that the cost of their delivery would correspond to the most popular tariff used by the enterprises of the Kaliningrad region when they were transported by rail at the tariff 10-01 from Kaliningrad to the central part of Russia. Then economic activity and competitiveness will remain at this level.

– If the EU does not change the conditions for transit, a certain number of ships will be required. Now active work is underway to make the right balance of what cargo can be delivered to Lithuania, and what by sea. And literally in a few days these balances will be brought together. So far, there is a queue, there is some traffic jam in Ust-Luga, but it is not critical.

— We started with one ferry, now there are five. This shows that the demand for these routes has increased.

– Air travel is much faster, but at the same time more expensive. They have the right to life, part of the cargo is delivered to us by air routes, but this is expensive cargo per kilogram. And not all cargo can be transported by aircraft.

“If the European Union reverses its decision, this will be the most optimal way out of the situation. There will be no need to raise the issue of subsidizing, attract additional vessels. However, you need to hope for the best, but be prepared for any development of events.

– This has happened and will continue to happen. I will give an example of spare parts for various types of equipment: Road equipment, agricultural equipment. When European companies began to make decisions that led to an increase in the cost of logistics, some enterprises began to produce spare parts in the region. Yes, this is a difficult job, it is not yet mass and assembly line production, and therefore some things turn out to be more expensive, but they are competitive and this is a good impetus for new products and production development. I am sure that these products could be sold well throughout Russia.

—First of all, the right decisions. Every day we need to make different decisions, they are not always simple, not always standard, but let them turn out to be right in the end. I also wish you health and success in the current situation.


The scientist explained the reason for the invasion of ladybugs in southern Russia

The invasion of ladybugs in the Krasnodar Territory is due to their origin. This was stated in an interview with RIA Novosti by the Deputy Director for Research of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Sochi National Park” Boris Tuniev.

According to the expert, an invasive Asian species is now spreading in the south of Russia insects actively occupying territories. It was first recorded in Sochi in 2012, and before that in Europe in 2001. 

Presumably, this beetle came to the Kuban along with planting material, like many other species.

"This is an Asian species, it is called "harlequin", it is also called "harmony". And like all invasive species, invaders, it gives such a flashy abundance, – the scientist explained.

Tuniev also clarified that ladybugs can bite, or be somewhat dangerous for allergy sufferers, while they do not pose a big threat to plants and human health. However, the danger of Asian ladybugs lies in the fact that ladybugs crowd out local insects because they feed on the same food.

Previously, a disinfectologist named the most effective means of controlling mosquitoes.

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Rogozin: Russia will launch all its Proton missiles

Russia will launch all of its Proton missiles. This statement was made in an interview with RIA Novosti by the general director of Roskosmos; Dmitry Rogozin.

According to Rogozin, the plans of the state corporation to intensively exploit Protons until the rockets run out. 

«We are not going to donate anything to the museum, to the warehouse»,– he stressed.

However, it will be clarified that this may require additional negotiations with Kazakhstan if launches continue after 2024.

As Rogozin noted, launch customers are already accustomed to « Protons» and devices are adapted to these missiles, besides, Baikonur has an operating and in good condition launch pad for them.

Earlier it became known that the Russian Federation and the United States began negotiations on the resumption of cross-flights to the ISS.

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Libyan protesters set fire to parliament building

Protesters demand to dissolve the authorities, hold presidential and parliamentary elections, and resolve the electricity crisis

Protesters against power cuts and deteriorating living conditions in the country stormed and set fire to the parliament building in Tobruk in eastern Libya, reports Libya News Agency

According to the agency, demonstrators set fire to official documents, offices and reception halls inside the building.

In addition, demonstrations took place in Tripoli. The protesters are demanding the dissolution of local governments, holding presidential and parliamentary elections, and resolving the electricity crisis.

Political instability has been observed in Libya since 2011 after the overthrow and assassination of Muammar Gaddafi. It was not possible to form a single governing body in the country, which resulted in an armed conflict between various groups, and later— civil war between the internationally recognized interim government and the Libyan National Army, led by General Khalifa Haftar. Two political centers have developed in the country: one in Tripoli, the other— in Tobruk.

In 2020, through negotiations with the participation of the international community, a joint military commission was established, which included the parties to the conflict and agreed on a ceasefire throughout Libya.

On March 3, Parliament swore in Tobruk the government of Fathi Bashagi, who was elected by lawmakers on February 10 as the new prime minister, considering that the mandate of the government of national unity had expired at the end of December. Meanwhile, the previous prime minister, Abdel Dbeiba, refuses to leave, believing that only his cabinet has the authority to carry out preparations for the elections. He insists that he will only pass the post on to his legitimately elected successor.

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The sunken landing ship “Saratov” was raised in the port of Berdyansk

The Russian landing ship Saratov, which sank in March, was raised in the port of Berdyansk. Vladimir Rogov, a member of the main council of the military-civilian administration of the Zaporozhye region, announced this in his Telegram.

According to him, the ship was damaged after being hit by a Ukrainian Tochka-U missile. Rogov said that the ship was flooded by the crew “to avoid detonation of the ammunition on board in the conditions of the fire.”

Berdyansk is located in the Zaporozhye region of Ukraine. Since the end of February, it has been under the control of the Russian military. A new administration was formed there.

During June, the pro-Russian authorities of the Zaporozhye region reported several times about explosions in Berdyansk, explaining this by mine clearance work. The Ministry of Defense and the Russian authorities have previously accused Ukrainian forces of mining ports.

In late May, the Ministry of Defense announced that they were considering the possibility of raising the sunken ship of the Ukrainian Navy Donbass. Earlier, the people's militia of the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) accused Ukrainian servicemen of setting fire to a ship in the port of Mariupol, which, according to the agency, could have been done “to discredit the Russian military.”

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Rogozin ruled out sending “Protons” “to a warehouse or a museum”

Rogozin said that Russia “should finish shooting” all the Proton missiles it has. They will be operated at least until 2026, they said in Space Communications. According to the Khrunichev Center, 13 Protonov-Ms remain to be launched

Russia intends to launch all of its Proton missiles and will exploit them until “they run out.” About this “RIA Novosti” said the head of Roskosmos Dmitry Rogozin.

"We are not going to donate anything to the museum, to the warehouse" How the issue will be resolved after 2024 is a matter of negotiation, but we believe that we should finish shooting everything,— he said.

According to the head of Roskosmos, the Khrunichev Center has a reserve for rockets, this applies to control systems or engines. In addition, he added, launch customers are accustomed to Protons. and devices adapted to them.

«Proton»— a heavy class launch vehicle designed to launch spacecraft into Earth orbit and further into outer space. «Proton-M»— the main modification of the booster.

In 2018, Roscosmos decided to stop the production of “Proton” after completing all contracts and use the Angara launch vehicle. The state corporation reported that the serial production of the Angara at the software “Flight” should start in 2023, and called it a priority. “Angara” more environmentally friendly: rocket engines “Proton-M” use toxic fuel based on heptyl, ay «Angara» kerosene-based fuel.

On May 4, the general director of the Khrunichev Center, Alexei Varochko, said in an interview with TASS that the production of Protons planned to be completed in 2022 or 2023. According to him, only 13 Proton-M launch vehicles remain to be launched.

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In June, the CEO of the state Alexei Volin told reporters that the “Protons” will launch satellites until at least 2026 inclusive, and, despite the imminent decommissioning of missiles, so far plans to use the Angara no. In particular, to launch the developed satellite “Express-AMU4” the use of “Proton” is planned; with the Breeze upper stage, Volin noted.

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Dmitry Rogozin

official, politician, head of Roscosmos


December 21, 1963

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Politico reported fears in the West due to “Ukraine fatigue”

According to the Prime Minister of Estonia, the fatigue from the fighting on the territory of Ukraine “manifests itself everywhere”, but the West needs to support Kyiv. Biden previously promised to help the Ukrainian side for as long as it takes

Boris Johnson (left) and Joe Biden

Western leaders, despite showing unity in support for Kyiv that they showed at the NATO summit, fear that their citizens may soon tire of the events in Ukraine, writes Politico.

The publication cites the words of Estonian Prime Minister Kaija Kallas, who said that “war weariness is manifesting everywhere.” “This [fighting on the territory of Ukraine] has been going on for four months. And we have high inflation, energy crisis. The coronavirus hasn't gone anywhere,»,— she said on the sidelines of the alliance's summit this week.

At the same time, Kallas emphasized that “we must not get tired, because we must help Ukraine defend its country.”


Politico recalls that US President Joe Biden promised to support Ukraine for as long as it takes “to really ensure that they are not defeated by Russia.” At the same time, the newspaper cites data from a YouGov poll (conducted on June 23 & 29 among 1 thousand Americans), according to which only 8% of respondents called Biden's priority task “ensuring Russia's defeat in Ukraine.” The most popular option was “reduce or eliminate inflation”; in the USA, which was chosen by 38% of respondents.

According to the article, “It is the fatigue that Russian President Vladimir Putin is counting on,” who, according to the article, “hopes that voters will punish their leaders for worrying about events in Ukraine, and not about their own problems.” /p>

On the danger of “Ukraine fatigue” as the hostilities dragged on, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, among other things, warned, against this background, calling for continued support for Kyiv. He also warned against trying to push Ukraine towards a “bad world”— agreement with Russia on terms that are not in the interests of Kyiv. Resist “fatigue” called on the Polish Foreign Ministry.

Read on RBC Pro Pro Into the whirlpool with your head: why quick changes are easier to survive than gradual Pro Articles How to lift sanctions from a person or company. Step-by-step instructions How to Pro “I'm happy I got fired”: how to work at Tesla – in 5 points Pro articles How to protect your skin from the sun: detailed instructions from a dermatologist how to protect yourself from it – world practice Articles Pro They don't know you here: how companies can build a reputation in a new countryPresident of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky also spoke of “growing fatigue”, noting that because of this, Kyiv is being demanded an undesirable result for him. At the same time, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba emphasized that there are no such sentiments in the European Union, which, in particular, is evidenced by granting Ukraine the status of a country— candidate for EU membership. “I have always said that there was never any fatigue from Ukraine. This is the Russian narrative imposed on us, — he said (quote from RBC-Ukraine).

The Russian military operation in Ukraine began on February 24th. Then Putin said that her goals— “demilitarization and denazification” neighboring country, as well as protecting the people of Donbass from the policy of “genocide” that the President claimed was being pursued by the Ukrainian authorities. On June 29, Putin proposed not to talk about the timing of its completion. Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev noted earlier that no one is “chasing deadlines.”

Zelensky said in April that the country was ready to fight Russia “for ten years.” On June 27, speaking at the G7 summit, the head of state called for doing everything possible to end hostilities by the end of 2022.

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Poles took to the streets of Warsaw because of the influx of Ukrainian refugees

Photo: Global Look Press

Warsaw residents protest against Ukrainian refugees. The Poles took to the streets of the capital. They chanted “Poland is here, not Ukraine”. This was reported by the Readovka Telegram channel.

According to journalists, Europe is tired of the influx of migrants from Ukraine. In Poland, the authorities stopped paying allowances to guests from July 1. And earlier, Ukrainians were deprived of the right to free travel.

The channel also provides interesting results of the survey. According to them, only 17 percent of migrants from Ukraine want to stay in Poland. The rest seek to leave the country as soon as possible. Over the past weeks, 345,000 Ukrainians have left for other European countries.


RIA Novosti: Russian troops are 6 km away from the complete encirclement of Lisichansk

photo: Lisichansk. source: wikipedia

The RIA Novosti agency reports that Russian troops have only six kilometers left to completely encircle the city of Lisichansk in the LPR.

According to the melon agency, the group of Russian troops “O” took control of the settlement of Zolotarevka. After that, for the complete encirclement of Lisichansk, it remains to liberate the village of Belogorovka. And it is 6 kilometers from Zolotarevka.

Earlier, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation announced that during a special military operation to protect the Donbass, the allied forces went directly to Lysichansk.


In Libya, protesters broke into the parliament building in Tobruk

photo: Fathi Bashaga. source: wikipedia

CNN, citing Libyan media, reports that hundreds of people broke into the parliament building in the city of Tobruk.

Photos and videos are published on social networks, which show demonstrators shouting the slogan “Long Live Libya” ”.

There is footage of people collecting car tires in front of the parliament building and setting them on fire.

There is no one in the building.

CNN reports that protests began due to the deteriorating living conditions of the Libyans. The country was in crisis after the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011.

The head of the government of national unity of Libya, Abdelhamid Dbeiba, is based in the west of the country, in Tripoli. It is supported by the United Nations. And Libyan Prime Minister Fathi Bashaga is in Tobruk.

Dbeiba was appointed to the post after negotiations organized by the UN in Geneva, which took place last year. He was supposed to lead the Libyan government until the elections. But they were postponed.

Bashagi's government was chosen in the eastern part of Libya. Dbeiba does not recognize him.

Bashaga also claims that his rival, after the postponement of the elections, holds office illegally.


Russian special operation in Ukraine: online broadcast July 2

Events, official reports, political statements

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan intends to hold talks with Ukrainian and Russian counterparts Vladimir Zelensky and Vladimir Putin to discuss with them the export of Ukrainian grain across the Black Sea . The LPR said that Lisichansk would be taken under control “in the coming days.” Former NATO Secretary General Andres von Rasmussen has agreed to lead a consultative group on Ukraine together with Andriy Yermak, head of the office of the President of Ukraine. Read online of the previous day of the special operation here.

Photo: Donetsk News Agency

9:45 The level of gas reserves in European underground storage facilities in June approached 60%. However, the injection rate has dropped significantly compared to previous months, as evidenced by the data of Gas Infrastructure Europe.

9:20 According to DAN, VFU died under shelling in the DPR in a day two civilians and another 20 were injured. MLRS Grad, 155, 152 and 122 mm artillery and mortars were used during shelling.

9:06 Sanctions against Russia dealt a blow to tourism, as well as banking and services exports of Cyprus. This was stated by the President of the island republic Nikos Anastasiadis. At the same time, he noted that the country's authorities remain optimistic and hope that they will be able to cope with the problems that have arisen.

The head of the DPR, Denis Pushilin, said that the republic has enough coal, despite the hostilities. This situation was discussed with officials from Moscow. He also noted that Ukraine several times disrupted the exchange of prisoners of war with the DPR. According to him, it turned out only on the fourth attempt.

Arestovich, an adviser to the head of Zelensky's administration, said that Ukraine “has technical capabilities”; get to the Crimean bridge. According to him, this can happen when “the moment comes”.

Residents of the Glushkovsky district of the Kursk region were warned that not far from the village of Tyotkino, which borders the Sumy region of Ukraine, the Russian military is carrying out combat missions as part of a special operation . Later, Governor Starovoit reported that today it was restless in the vicinity of the village of Tetkino. Several houses were damaged, but no one was injured.


British naval officer kicked out a large family of Ukrainian refugees

Great problems arise in Europe due to the influx of many immigrants from Ukraine

More than five million Ukrainians were forced to leave their country and move to Europe. Experts say the Old World is facing a migrant crisis unlike anything seen since World War II. Despite the widespread enthusiasm for accepting refugees that reigned at first, it is becoming more and more obvious that the influx of huge masses of the population into the European expanses gives rise to huge problems that both Ukrainians themselves and the people who receive them suffer from.


Good intentions, colliding with real life, sometimes give rise to very unpleasant cases for Ukrainian refugees and their European hosts.

The British edition of Metro, for example, tells a story about how an officer of the Royal Navy, who sheltered a family of nine refugees from Ukraine, decided to refuse them a home. Now the unfortunate do not know where they will live after they were asked to leave the house.

Ukrainian immigrants Maxim and his wife Olga say they don't know why they were told to vacate the two-bedroom bungalow they were staying in Fairham, Hampshire.

The house was offered to them by 40-year-old Royal Navy officer Dudley Malster, who lives next door. According to the Daily Mail, his father-in-law left his family a bungalow after his death last year. The Ukrainian family was offered to stay there under the state resettlement program.

Maksim said his hosts were very hospitable when they arrived in Britain after two months of mooching around in hostels in Poland, and Maltster's wife Kelly met them at the airport. But it wasn't long before the hosts lost their cordiality towards their new neighbors, and then the Hampshire County Council ordered the Ukrainian family to leave the house.

In mid-June, they received a letter from the landlord's lawyer saying they had to move out within a month. Refugees have had their internet cut off and are now raising funds to try to cover their private rental deposit.

The evicted family is in touch with the local council, but they fear they might end up in a hotel or forced to transfer their children to another school, which will lead to more problems.

“I contacted five local real estate agents, and when I told them that we were a family of nine from Ukraine, they simply answered no and hung up,” Maxim says. “I just want stability and a normal life for my family.”

The head of the family says they are confused and worried, adding: “Of course we are a little angry, but also very upset that they could do. Kelly and her husband were very welcoming and made us feel like this was the place we could stay.”

Maxim and Olga have five children aged from one to seven years. One of their children has autism as well as a genetic disorder, which means he must follow a tightly controlled diet and needs a lot of care. The family also fled Ukraine, along with Olga and Maxim's mothers, one of whom needed “permanent care”.

Olga says that before arriving in the UK, her family traveled through Ukraine for nine days to get to the Polish border. After that, they spent a long time in Poland on the border with Ukraine in a small village in temporary housing for refugees.

“When our host invited us to come to the UK, it was not easy for us to make the decision to move so far, because having escaped from Ukraine, we were left without money and savings,” the woman told the world. “Unfortunately, the family that provided us with housing under the “Houses for Ukrainians” scheme changed their mind and informed us that we should leave the housing as soon as possible.

* * *

The Ukrainian family, abandoned by a British naval officer, is not the only one who suffered as a result of conflicts with the owners, who initially provided a roof over their heads.

In June, Sky News reported that hundreds of Ukrainian refugees were left homeless in England, and many other families were at risk of becoming homeless.

“The vast majority of people settle down well, but in the minority of cases where the relationship of the family or sponsor is broken, local councils are obliged to ensure that families are not left without a roof over their heads,” a British government spokesman commented on the situation. – Councils also have access to a service to find a new sponsor under the “Houses for Ukraine” scheme.

British MP Lisa Nandy calls it “extremely shameful” that families of Ukrainian refugees found themselves homeless in the UK: “The British have shown amazing generosity in providing their thousands to provide the care and shelter in which these people – many of whom were families with small children. children—needed and deserved in such dire circumstances. But the government has failed miserably in its role. Ministers were warned of the risk of refugees becoming homeless the day they launched the sponsorship scheme, but they are more interested in performing in TV studios than doing their job of protecting vulnerable people. The government should urgently develop a plan to support councils in finding safe homes for these families.”

For his part, the British refugee minister said hundreds of homeless Ukrainian families are not an “insurmountable problem” in the government's response to the crisis.

Official figures released recently showed that 660 Households from Ukraine needed help from local authorities in England to avoid being left homeless.

Refugee Minister Lord Harrington told MPs from the Improvement, Housing and Communities Committee that the numbers are currently “negligible ”, but he is monitoring the situation.

“Homeless, I'm really thinking about it because it's a trickle at the moment, it's being sorted out at the moment, but it's my moral and responsible job to make sure people are treated properly,” said Lord Harrington.

He later added: “It's not the biggest problem at the moment, but it could be. In terms of costs, I think we should treat this the same way we would treat any other form of homelessness. I'm more concerned about the quality of accommodation for people moving into houses.”

Lord Harrington said that since the conflict began in Ukraine, the British government has taken in about 80,000 Ukrainians, and every week between 5,000 and 7,000 refugees arrive in the country.

* * *

Not only Ukrainian families who have ended up in the UK are at risk of being left homeless, but also those who are looking for shelter on the European continent. Not so long ago it was reported that Ukrainian refugees in Brussels are required to leave their previously provided housing, because the owners no longer want them to be there. This is motivated, for example, by the fact that the hospitable Belgians want to go on a summer vacation, but do not want people from Ukraine who are unfamiliar to them to stay at home. Accordingly, guests are “asked” to leave their accommodation – as a result, some of the refugees have to spend the night at the Midi station in the center of the Belgian capital.

Belgian landlords also do not want to rent apartments to immigrants from Ukraine, since the status of temporary protection granted to them expires in March next year. And typical Belgian rental contracts often stretch for several (three, six or nine) years.

And in general, hardly many of the Belgian hosts expected that they would accept Ukrainian refugee families for so long, for some it is just expensive. According to city officials, the majority of Brussels residents spend about 50 percent of their monthly income on rent alone.

As a result, volunteers across Belgium have to struggle to find housing for Ukrainians so that they do not end up on the street. Local authorities will study ways to solve the housing problem. For example, they are exploring the possibility of converting office space into collective housing for refugees.

Faced with the need to leave the housing provided by the European hosts and those refugees who hoped to find shelter in Spain. In June, it was reported that immigrants from Ukraine, located in coastal towns, are urged to leave the resort areas in order to make room for tourists: after all, the summer vacation season has come. Especially since the prices of holiday apartments have skyrocketed since the end of the coronavirus pandemic.

As a result, refugees are being told by their property owners to look for a new place to live for the summer.

* * *

A roof over your head is perhaps the biggest problem Ukrainian refugees have to face in Europe. But there are other problems as well. For example, the language barrier.

Inundated with statements, language schools and community groups called on the British government to increase funding for free English classes for Ukrainian refugees.

Demand for English courses has especially grown in recent weeks, as thousands of newly arrived refugees from Ukraine are trying to start a new life in the UK. At the same time, many of them cannot attend classes due to the lack of childcare in most classes. During most volunteer-led classes in the evenings and on weekends, life is especially difficult for mothers who have no one to leave their children with while studying.

WEA, the largest adult education charity in England and Scotland, is seeing a significant increase in demand for English language courses, which they expect to “grow more and more”. But they had to use existing government funding to support Ukrainian refugees because they didn't receive any new funding, writes The Guardian.

According to the lack of funds and funding, volunteer organizations are “bridging the gap” , attracting untrained teachers.

In Sheffield, Hailey Nelson, director of Learn for Life Enterprise, which provides a total of 30 in-person and online English classes a week to about 75 Ukrainians, said they are also seeing huge demand. “People sign up for us from London, Wales and other parts of South Yorkshire,” she says. “They can't find classes in their area, so they come to our classes. And we have women and young children taking courses online because they cannot provide childcare.”

Language course providers want to run more classes, but first they need to recruit more volunteer teachers. “You need to provide class and funding, because we don’t get funding for this,” says Hayley Nelson. “We are doing this simply because we believe they should be able to learn English when they arrive.” Calling on the government to “catch up,” she said funding needs to be flexible.

However, not only Ukrainian refugees who ended up in a foreign land face difficulties, but also the host countries. Unemployment rose unexpectedly in Germany, breaking 15 consecutive months of declines as refugees from Ukraine joined the ranks of job seekers, Bloomberg reports. Unemployment jumped by 133 thousand in June, which raised its level to 5.3% – the highest level since November.

“The labor market as a whole continues to be stable,” Detlef Scheele, head of the Federal Labor Agency, said recently. . “This increase is due to the fact that Ukrainian refugees are now registered at employment centers and therefore visible in labor market statistics.”

The European Central Bank forecast this month that refugees fleeing the conflict in Ukraine could eventually increase the active workforce in the euro area by 1.3 million people. However, the researchers explained that the region's rapidly aging population and staff shortages could make it easier for Ukrainian refugees to integrate into Europe's workforce.

While Germany's labor force remains in demand, the overall momentum is suffering from soaring prices and supply bottlenecks, exacerbated by events in Ukraine. Restoring services from the lockdown has helped, but recent business surveys show activity across the board is declining.

As a result, job growth is also starting to slow, as a S&P Global indicator showed firms are overpricing their staffing needs against a bleak outlook. Meanwhile, the German Bundesbank said in its latest monthly report that employers in many industries are still struggling to find qualified workers, but noted that employment growth is slowing down.


The effect of sanctions against Russia caused a “silent panic” of the Americans

“The West's goal of destroying the Russian economy remains as distant as ever”

For some reason, the fighting in Ukraine causes less controversy in the West than the effectiveness of sanctions against Russia. It is already obvious that the main goal of the United States and its allies is not the defense of Ukraine, but the defeat of Russia, which is not the same thing. And numerous and varied sanctions have not led to the destruction of the Russian economy, not to mention the change of power. President of the All-Russian Police Association, Lieutenant General, Doctor of Law, Honored Lawyer of Russia, Professor Yuri Zhdanov spoke about how the effectiveness of sanctions is assessed by American analysts.


– Yes, there is a comprehensive report published on June 16 by the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) on economic measures against Russia after the start of the conflict in Ukraine in 2022. Its authors – Emily Kilkreese, Jason Bartlett and Mason Wong – calculated that there were 229 sanctions in the banking sector, 8 in energy, 32 in technology, 480 in defense and transport. There are also personal sanctions against the Russian elite and oligarchs – 663.

To date, the report noted, one of the most significant actions has been the imposition of sanctions on the Central Bank of Russia by the G7 and other economies, which effectively cut Russia off from access to assets denominated in currencies. In total, the administration of US President Joe Biden imposed more than 1,500 discrete sanctions against more than 800 targets related to the special operation.

In addition, almost 1,000 foreign companies “self-sanctioned” by closing or curtailing their activities in Russia, which , in their opinion, contributed to the financial isolation of Moscow from the world economy. But it is not possible to isolate the 11th largest economy in the world, which is causing a quiet panic among “quiet” Americans for the time being.

– Yes, they were introduced in batches or waves. It turned out to be a real storm.

– Eight. The first wave is a reaction to Russia's recognition of the Donetsk and Luhansk republics. The second is major banking sanctions and export controls in response to Russia's special operation in Ukraine. The third is personal sanctions against the head of state and elites, the Central Bank and SWIFT. Fourth – additional sanctions against Belarus, control over the export of oil and gas and new inclusions in the lists of legal entities. Fifth – bans on Russian oil and gas. The sixth is the abolition of Russia's advantages in multilateral economic organizations and further trade and investment restrictions. Seventh – sanctions against deputies of the State Duma of the Russian Federation and the State Duma itself. Eighth – additional full blocking sanctions against Russian financial institutions, investments, state-owned enterprises, the elite, and certain types of energy imports. Perhaps there will be a “ninth wave”.

– In fact, such sanctions are few in number, but they are the most significant in terms of significance. Can the arrest of the yacht of some oligarch compare with the refusal to import oil?

The West is really focusing on the impact on Russia's energy sector. And at the same time, he is terrified of the impact on himself. The CNAS report states that “Europe's dependence on energy imports from Russia, mainly oil and natural gas, has allowed Moscow to continue to fund its military operation in Ukraine. At the same time, Russia may be increasingly willing to use its energy leverage on Europe as a weapon, as it has begun to do with Poland and Bulgaria, increasing the need for the urgent development of alternative energy sources.

– What they wanted – began to reduce the supply of energy. The report states that “at the end of April, Gazprom suspended gas exports to Poland and Bulgaria due to their refusal to pay for deliveries in rubles. However, Warsaw said there were “options to get gas from other partners” and that Poland “made some decisions many years ago to prepare for such a situation”, indicating the country's confidence in its economic resilience to seek alternatives to Russian gas. Although Sofia has also announced a search for alternative energy sources, Bulgaria currently relies on Gazprom for more than 90% of its gas supplies. This has caused concern throughout the EU, especially in Central Europe, where countries like the Czech Republic are almost entirely dependent on Russian gas for energy.”

They themselves admit that anti-Russian sanctions have plunged Europe into an energy crisis.

“Moscow’s retaliation may indicate that Russia sees further sanctions in the energy sector as inevitable and seeks to maximize damage in Europe by cutting off supplies before Europe is ready to switch to alternatives,” they are outraged speakers.

– Yes, almost everything. Thus, Bloomberg reports that due to a decrease in gas supplies from Russia and rising energy prices in Germany, gas bills could triple. Companies are preparing to reduce or stop production altogether.

Risks are not limited to recession, cold weather in the coming winter and plant shutdowns. Germany prospered for decades thanks to cheap gas from Russia. The answer to the needs of the growing economy was most often a new pipeline to Russia.

This era is over, and companies from BASF to Volkswagen are forced to come to terms with the new reality.

Undoubtedly, Germany has a solution to the problem – for example, restart coal-fired power plants and switch from one type of fuel to another in various industrial processes.

“The transition to affordable renewable energy will take many years. Metals, paper and even food companies may have to reduce or even shut down production facilities in Germany. It will take 115 days to meet the government's target of 90% gas storage capacity by November, according to the new calculations. But for this it is necessary that the pace of supplies be maintained at the current level, and this is extremely unlikely. Facing a very bleak outlook, June 23.

Germany, which still gets a third of its gas from Russia, has raised its emergency gas plan to the second of three. If the shortage widens, the German authorities may resort to rationing supplies.

Uniper, Germany's largest importer of Russian gas, has already warned that it could face difficulties in fulfilling contracts with local utilities and producers if Moscow will continue to restrict supplies.

This crisis spread far beyond Germany. It has already affected 12 EU member states, and 10 countries have issued early warnings as part of legislation on the security of gas supplies. Europe's rising demand for liquefied natural gas will also hurt poorer countries around the world as they now have to compete more for supplies.

U.S. sanctions allies admit they hit European countries themselves the hardest than in Russia. This was confirmed by Russian President Vladimir Putin during the opening of the Economic Forum in St. Petersburg.

He named a devastating figure: the direct losses and damage suffered by the EU countries as a result of the imposition of sanctions against Russia reached $400 billion.

– The Anglo-Saxons, as always, double-dealed and framed their allies. Let me remind you that on March 8, President Biden signed an executive order banning the import of Russian oil, liquefied natural gas and coal into the United States and prohibiting US participation in financing the Russian energy industry. US imports account for less than 10 percent of all Russian exports.

Some US allies have also banned imports or taken steps to eventually ban Russian energy. Shortly before Washington, the UK announced it would be phasing out Russian oil imports by the end of the year, and Canada announced a total ban on its admittedly minor Russian energy imports.

They could afford to take these symbolic steps, none of these countries is a major importer of Russian oil. Canada imports between 0 and 3 percent of its petroleum products from Russia each year, and Russian imports account for about 8 percent of total UK oil demand.

Australia has also announced plans to phase out imports. But in Europe the picture is quite different. It is noteworthy that no European country joined these actions. President Biden put on a good face on a bad game and pointed out bluntly that the United States did not expect all allies to join the ban on Russian imports. Like, your support was not really needed.

And yet, many European refineries are avoiding new purchases of Russian oil. To reduce the impact on European and global energy markets, roughly two weeks later, the Biden administration announced, in coordination with its allies and partners, the release of almost 180 million barrels of oil from the world's oil reserves.

– And how! The authors of the report report that “The American Automobile Association noted the biggest short-term spike in gasoline prices, with domestic gas stations charging an average of 26 cents more per gallon in just one week, and the average price of regular gasoline in the United States reached $4.17. breaking the previous US record of $4.11 per gallon in July 2008. The national average price topped $5 a gallon for the first time in June.

In the European Union, daily imports of Russian natural gas rose from about $210 million to $690 million from January to March 2022.

And, most embarrassingly for the United States, the main buyers of oil in Asia, China and India, began to buy Russian oil in quantities that the West previously bought from Russia, before the imposition of sanctions, and oil prices rose to such an extent that Russia began to receive even more income than she received about four months ago.

As the New York Times noted, Russia's imports from China after the introduction of anti-Russian sanctions increased by more than a quarter, and this largely compensated for the lack of imports from European countries, and at the same time, India significantly increased its purchases of Russian oil.

– Not too comforting. They have to state that “currently, energy exports from Russia generate an inflow of hard currency. As a result of high commodity prices and a collapse in imports, Russia's current account will hit an all-time high of $250 billion in 2022.

In a little over a year, Russia will be able to recover its $300 billion of frozen reserves, despite coordinated G-7 sanctions on the Russian Central Bank.” The question is, was it worth fencing the garden?

– Here the main blow is applied to the ruble in order to devalue it. But here, too, it's a bummer. American analysts grittedly admit that “the Russian government has taken several defensive measures to mitigate the economic damage from sanctions. After the first tranches of sanctions, the Russian ruble quickly fell by more than 30 percent… However, the ruble has since regained much of its original value thanks to tight Russian capital controls and the continued inflow of oil and gas export revenues from countries that are still were largely unsanctioned.”

Russia's defensive economic measures, US analysts further explain, include doubling its interest rate to 20 percent and shutting down its stock market. Although the ruble has largely recovered from its initial collapse in the early days of the conflict, the recovery in the Russian stock market remains fragile, with the Moex stock index up less than 10 percent after a sharp 40 percent collapse in late February.

“Stabilizing the ruble is also costly,” the authors of the report continue. – To improve its ability to conduct monetary policy, Russia has required private firms and exporters to sell 80% of its export earnings to the Russian ruble market and plans to use its gold reserves for purchases, although these plans are likely to be hampered by recent US moves to it is to prevent Russia from using its gold reserves abroad to evade economic sanctions.” The authors of the report express hope that Russia is moving towards default.

– Theoretically, yes. But with practice, everything is more difficult. So, in May, Switzerland for the first time after the start of a special operation in Ukraine again bought a batch of gold from Russia. Recall that the purchase of this precious metal from Russia was also banned by the London Association of Markets immediately after the outbreak of hostilities.

The volume of imported gold, according to the Swiss news platform Suisse Info, amounted to about three tons. The site emphasized that “Switzerland's import of Russian gold, which took place for the first time since February, that is, after the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine, showed that the gold producers could not bear the ban on the purchase of even a limited share of raw materials for their enterprises.”

At the same time, according to the site, the import of a consignment of gold into the country from Russia was also confirmed by the Swiss Federal Customs Service. What kind of default is there?

– It is they who are trying to portray supposedly humanism in this way. Like, they strive to do everything so that “not a single rabbit was hurt during the filming.” And at the same time, they themselves admit the futility of their efforts.

“While the allies continue to tighten sanctions, they will need to address the impact of sanctions and armed conflict on food security and other humanitarian issues both in Russia and around the world. In an attempt to impose “smart sanctions” targeting the Russian leadership but not the Russian population, the US Treasury Department has issued guidance documents and several general licenses that allow continued operations with Russia related to food, fertilizer, medicines and other humanitarian supplies.

Companies, however, face significant logistical challenges when moving products to and from Russia or Ukraine, including through the critical shipping lanes in the Black Sea. Aggressive risk reduction by Western financial institutions could make legitimate humanitarian operations almost impossible.

However, the smart sanctions strategy may have reached its limit. The full scale of numerous rounds of coordinated sanctions has led to commercial consequences that go far beyond the scope of legitimate sanctions, and some companies have even completely voluntarily left the Russian market,” American experts write in their impotence.

In general, tense energy markets are getting tighter, food shortages are exacerbating food insecurity in developing countries, globalized trade is shrinking and inflation is rising.

And what have they achieved? “It remains fundamentally unclear whether the sanctions have significantly changed the calculations of Russian President Vladimir Putin,” the authors of the report are surprised, acknowledging that the threat of sanctions has not stopped Russia’s actions in Ukraine.

However, the phrase “smart sanctions” is like “ smart West” in itself does not sound that funny, but clearly inappropriate. Other American leaders and politicians confused Austria with Australia, the Czech Republic with Chechnya, threatened Belarus with an invasion of their aircraft carrier fleet …

– Yes, these sanctions have entered the fourth wave. The United States targeted 33 entities and individuals allegedly involved in Russian information operations in Ukraine. These actions were later intensified on May 8 when the US government imposed further sanctions on three major Russian state-owned television companies that were the largest recipients of foreign advertising revenue. These revenues, in their opinion, can help finance Russia's special operation in Ukraine. The EU and the UK have also imposed their own sanctions on two Russian state broadcasters, RT and Sputnik, effectively banning ISPs from allowing these media to be viewed on their services. An act in the style of Ostap Bender, who threw chess pieces in the face of a tournament participant for a completely fair remark: “Comrade grandmaster, the knight doesn’t move like that.”

In the meantime, we can state that Russia’s economic development indicators have not only not decreased , but even increased after the imposition of sanctions against it, and the goal of Western states – to destroy the Russian economy through sanctions – still remains just as distant.


Two more British mercenaries captured in Ukraine face the death penalty

The number of foreigners taken prisoner is growing

Two more British citizens have been taken prisoner in Ukraine – they are accused of participating in the hostilities as mercenaries. Themselves, former soldiers Andrew Hill and Dylan Healy, claim that they were engaged in “humanitarian work.” In their homeland, they fear that the British may be sentenced to death.

Photo: Evgeny Semenov

Russian state media reported that two more Britons captured in eastern Ukraine have been charged with fighting as mercenaries, indicating they could face the death penalty.

Britons Andrew Hill of Plymouth and Dylan Healy of Huntingdon were also charged with “forcible seizure of power” and “terrorist” training, according to The Guardian.

Two Britons and a Moroccan were sentenced to death on identical charges. allegations in the DPR last month. No date has been set for the execution of the sentences, and at least two men are appealing the verdict.

Andrew Hill has been identified as the father of four from Plymouth. He reportedly previously served in the Lancaster Regiment of the British Army. For the first time, the Briton was shown on Russian television after his capture at the end of April. In the video, a 35-year-old man looks seriously injured, with his head bandaged, his left arm in a cast and in a sling.

“I want to return home, to my homeland, to my family, to my children,” he said in a recent TV piece. “I just want to go home. I will tell them the truth.”

Another British national, 22-year-old Dylan Healy, is said to have worked in Ukraine as a humanitarian aid volunteer. It was reported that he and another Briton, Paul Urey, were detained near Zaporozhye in southeastern Ukraine while on their way to what they claimed was to help a woman and two children evacuate.

The Guardian reports that the Briton was working in Ukraine independently of any major aid organization. A friend told ITV that he thought Healy went to the country “to try to help and make a difference”.

In a previous trial in the Donetsk People's Republic, all three foreign mercenaries (two British citizens Aiden Eslin and Sean Pinner, as well as 21-year-old Moroccan Brahim Saadoun) were convicted of participating in the fighting as mercenaries, although they claimed to have served as privates in the 36th Marine Brigade of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

Meanwhile two more US citizens – Alexander Drucke from Tuscaloosa (Alabama) and Andy Hyun from Hartsell (Alabama) – were captured during the fighting on the side of Ukraine.


NATO unity in Ukraine was in doubt: the first cracks

Will the internal dissatisfaction built by the West withstand economic failures

At the NATO summit in Madrid, the alliance demonstrated unprecedented unity in the face of one of the most serious problems in the history of this Western military-political bloc. Now the question is how long this unity will last. And Politico is asking this question.

The unity of NATO demonstrated at the Madrid summit looks impressive, but is this unity forever? From the point of view of US President Joe Biden, it will last indefinitely. “We are going to stay with Ukraine and the whole alliance will stay with Ukraine for as long as it takes to actually make sure they don’t get defeated… by Russia,” he told reporters in Madrid on Thursday at a press conference.

It's certainly a widely held view after NATO agreed to significantly bolster its defenses, paving the way for Sweden and Finland to join the “club,” notes Politico, adding: “But there are already cracks in the wall the West has built.”

First, world leaders fear that their publics will soon not be ready to fight. Conflict fatigue is setting in everywhere, says Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas. “This has been going on for four months. And there is high inflation, there is an energy crisis. Covid isn't going anywhere. So it becomes more and more problematic,” although she added: “We can’t get tired, because we have to help Ukraine defend its country.”

It is precisely on fatigue, Politico claims, that the Russian leadership is counting on hoping that Western voters will punish their leaders for worrying more about events in Ukraine than about the pressing issues that are already creeping up on the house.

For US President Biden, the bad news has already arrived in the form of a survey commissioned by restraintists and right-wing Concerned Veterans of America (CVA). When YouGov asked, “Of the following questions, what should be President Biden's top priority?” only 8% of 1000 respondents answered: “Ensure Russia's defeat in Ukraine”.

But the most popular answer (38%): “Reduce or eliminate inflation.” In fact, “solving the energy crisis”, “reducing the cost and improving access to healthcare” and “something else” received more responses than defeating Russia in Ukraine.

“Given the historical economic problems at home, it is not surprising that the American people are afraid to take on new security responsibilities abroad and start wars with a nuclear-armed Russia,” said Dan Caldwell, CVA senior adviser.

Biden, he said, “must note that the American people would prefer that they focus their attention here at home on issues that are directly related to the well-being of the American people.”

It doesn't help that the US midterm elections are fast approaching. It is domestic issues that will take center stage, and Republicans will be forced to criticize Biden for economic failures and refrain from ardently supporting the Ukrainian resistance, we are told, precisely because of pressure from conservative media figures such as Tucker Carlson.

Meanwhile, in the United Kingdom, another country opposed to Russia, politics continues to seethe after Prime Minister Boris Johnson was challenged last month. He persevered, but “rebels” from his own Conservative party have not given up this year in their attempt to overthrow the British prime minister.

Four months after the start of the Ukrainian conflict, the West's resolve remains firm, states Politico. But how strong – and how long – will depend on whether those who insist on continued support for Ukraine can convince their people that more is needed.


LPR lieutenant colonel assessed the combat effectiveness of the APU grouping in Slavyansk: “Colossal losses”

“We are ready to carry out any order”

There are only a few days left before the complete liberation of Lisichansk. This was stated by the Ambassador of the LNR in Russia Rodion Miroshnik. The words of the diplomat are confirmed by military reports. Andrey Marochko, Lieutenant Colonel of the People's Militia of the LPR, told MK what military plans can be implemented in the near future.

“After the liberation of Lisichansk, we can say with full confidence that in a very short period of time our troops will reach the administrative border of the Luhansk People's Republic and liberate all one hundred percent of our land,” the officer said. – After that, we will be ready to carry out any order that our Supreme Commander will give.

I assume that this will be an order to go further, since now the forces and means that the armed formations of Ukraine possess allow them to shell the territory of Donbass right up to the deep rear. Therefore, we must push the enemy back to such a distance that the lives of the inhabitants of the LPR and DPR are not endangered. This should be a distance that will exceed the range of the latest Western weapons delivered to Ukraine.

– The operational plan of the command is information related to state secrets. Therefore, I have no right to disclose the further movement of our troops. But it would be logical to liberate the territory of the Donetsk People's Republic after the Lugansk People's Republic. The decision on which cities will be next will be made by the command, based on the operational situation.

– It is worth noting that during the retreat, Ukrainian troops suffer enormous losses. At the very least, they need to regroup and gather their strength. We don't give them that opportunity. We're firing a harassing fire. In any case, now we can say that the operation will develop rapidly, since the new tactics and strategy that was adopted recently are showing their effectiveness and the release time has been reduced significantly. We saw this in the Gorsko-Zolotovskaya grouping and we see it now in the example of what is happening in Lisichansk. And this is also evidenced by our successes in the Kharkiv direction and in the direction of the Donetsk People's Republic.

Lugansk, LPR.


Erdogan openly blackmails NATO with new demands

Turkish President again threatens Sweden and Finland to block accession to the alliance

Turkish leader Erdogan, who became the “birthday hero” of the NATO summit in Madrid, removed his objections to Sweden and Finland joining the alliance , continues to swagger. The Turkish President openly frightens the Swedes and Finns by blocking their acceptance if they do not follow his lead, swears at the Greek “allies” and talks about close ties with Russia.

The agreement signed with Finland and Sweden to lift Turkey's veto on their applications for NATO membership does not put an end to this matter and obliges the Scandinavian states to keep their promises, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on Friday.

After four hours of talks in Madrid on Tuesday, Erdogan and his Finnish and Swedish counterparts agreed on a series of security measures in exchange for support from Ankara, which has raised concerns about terrorism and an arms embargo, according to the Turkish Daily Sabah.

Speaking to reporters on his way back from the NATO summit in Madrid, Erdogan said there was no need to rush to ratify the two proposals in parliament. According to him, Ankara must first check whether Stockholm and Helsinki are fulfilling the promises made under the memorandum, including the extradition of suspects wanted by Turkey.

“It should be known: these signatures do not mean that the issue is resolved… Without the approval of our parliament, this will not come into force. So there is no need to rush,” Erdogan said.

“The ball is now on their side. Sweden and Finland are not currently members of NATO. If there is any mistake, we already have irrefutable documents, and we will do what is necessary,” the Turkish president threatened.

Erdogan said the decisions made in Madrid will bear fruit over time. “The promises that were made are important, of course, but the main thing is their fulfillment,” he said, referring to the landmark memorandum signed between Finland, Sweden and Turkey.

By signing the memorandum, Turkey withdrew its objection to the application of the Nordic countries to NATO. In return, Finland and Sweden pledged to address Turkey's terrorism problems. However, Erdogan said that Turkey would be cautious as “a country that has repeatedly been stabbed in the back in its fight against terrorism.”

“We will closely monitor whether the promises made to our country will be fulfilled in the coming period,” he said.

“From now on, it will be much more difficult for members of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers’ Party – MK) and FETÖ (the movement of supporters of US-based Fethullah Gülen) to carry out terrorist propaganda, attack our country and our citizens and commit acts of vandalism,” he said.

“Sweden will extradite us 73 terrorists. So far, 3-4 of them have been sent, but this is not enough. The Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, MİT (Turkish national intelligence) will firmly keep this issue under control,” Erdogan added. The Turkish President emphasized that as a result of Ankara's efforts at the Madrid summit, the PKK and its Syrian branch of the YPG, as well as the Gulenist FETÖ movement, were described as terrorist groups for the first time in NATO reports.

When asked about the extradition of suspects, Erdogan said that if the Nordic countries do not send these individuals, “then we will do everything necessary through our institutions and units.”

While Sweden and Finland swallow the humiliation of Ankara, the deal between Turkey and the two northern European countries has caused clear disappointment in Greece. The leader of the opposition movement SYRIZA and former Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, in an interview with Open TV, said that this achievement at the NATO summit in Madrid was “a diplomatic Waterloo for the Greek positions.” The politician accused the conservative New Democracy government of setting the bar too low, while he accused them of being satisfied that the issue of the sovereignty of the Greek islands was not raised at the summit by President Erdogan.

The former Greek prime minister said: “We should be concerned not only with the sale of F-16s to Turkey, but also with the confirmation of the overall support for Turkey from the West.” Tsipras went on to accuse the government of Kyriakos Mitsotakis of “conducting a dangerous foreign policy” that “leads us from defeat to defeat”.

At the same time, Erdogan said on Friday that he refuses to meet with Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis until the Greek leader “will not pull himself together.” Regarding relations with Athens, Erdogan told reporters upon his return from Madrid that NATO leaders at the summit offered Mitsotakis to mediate and organize negotiations.

“We said, 'I'm sorry, but we don't have time for such a meeting right now.' Because it is obvious that they are militarizing the islands,” Erdogan said. “Let him take matters into his own hands. Until he pulls himself together, we are not destined to meet.”

Later the same day, Erdogan also addressed reporters in Istanbul and stated that Turkey had no desire to go to war with Greece, adding that Athens they did not keep their promises and violated, according to him, Turkish airspace 147 times.

Historical rivals Turkey and Greece disagree on issues ranging from overflight and the status of the Aegean islands to maritime borders, hydrocarbon resources in the Mediterranean and the ethnically divided island of Cyprus.

Recently, air tensions have flared up again. space and status of the demilitarized islands in the Aegean. Erdogan said Mitsotakis “no longer exists for him” after the Greek prime minister lobbied the United States not to sell F-16 fighter jets to Turkey during a speech to the US Congress.

Turkey is demanding that Greece demilitarize its eastern islands, citing 20th century treaties.

For its part, the Greek government calls the demand a deliberate misinterpretation and accuses Turkey, also a NATO member, of intensifying hostilities in the area.

Starting with the Treaty of London in 1913, the militarization of the islands of the eastern Aegean was limited, and their demilitarized status was confirmed by the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923. The Treaty of Paris in 1947, according to which Italy gave the Dodecanese islands to Greece, also confirmed their demilitarized status.

However, Greece argues that the 1936 Montreux Convention on the Turkish Straits should apply in this case, while Ankara claims that Greece's obligation to disarm the islands remains unchanged under the Montreux Convention.

Meanwhile, according to the Daily Sabah, against the background of the new NATO security policy, Erdogan said that Turkey has a “balanced policy” in relations with Russia and Ukraine, because it does not want to harm its “diplomatic traffic”.

He said that Turkey has ties to Russia and receives almost 40% of its natural gas from Russia. “On the other hand, now we are working on nuclear energy, the Akkuyu power plant. The foundation for the fourth part will be laid in a few months, possibly in July,” he said.

According to him, in addition to energy, Turkey and Russia also cooperate in the defense industry.


The expert named the main directions of strikes after the capture of Lisichansk

The combat readiness of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the area of ​​Slavyansk cannot be underestimated

The liberation of Lisichansk, judging by operational reports, is a matter of several days. The city will come under the control of the Russian army and its allied forces from the DPR and LPR. Many people ask: what's next? In what direction will our troops go and what difficulties await them? Is a large-scale counteroffensive of the Armed Forces of Ukraine possible? Military observer, reserve colonel Mikhail Khodarenok answered these and other questions of MK.

– After the capture of Lisichansk, and apparently the mastery of these cities is a foregone conclusion, and it will happen in the coming days, all the efforts of the allied forces will be concentrated on mastering the Kramatorsk-Slavic agglomeration. Undoubtedly, the next main direction is the areas of Bakhmut (Artemivsk).

– It is necessary to take into account that the armed forces of Ukraine have been strengthening this particular defense center and have been doing it for quite a long time. It must be assumed that they built a defense there according to all the rules of modern fortification. There is every reason to believe that the leadership of the allied forces takes these circumstances into account when planning military operations and all necessary measures to destroy the nodes, strongholds of defense will be taken.

As for the terrain in that area, there are forests there. There are relatively few roads, which will make it difficult for us to transfer the necessary groups. Therefore, there are objectively certain difficulties in this area.

– It doesn't matter how high the city building is. In any case, it always presents an advantage to the defending side. And the battle in the city is considered one of the most difficult, because the troops that intend to capture this or that settlement need to form assault detachments, assault groups.

Such groups include not only motorized rifle units, but also tank artillery, engineering and sapper units, flamethrowers from the troops of radiation, chemical and biological protection.

It is with such forces that the tasks of capturing settlements must be solved. This is a rather serious task, but the allied forces already have a very solid experience.

– There is no exact intelligence. But the strength of the Ukrainian group defending in this defensive center can be estimated as 8-10 thousand fighters and commanders.

– This is, in fact, a division. But it is far from the number of troops that determines success in a particular operation, but skillful leadership, equipment with fire weapons, food and ammunition supplies, and morale. Numbers in modern combat do not play such a big role as before.

– Despite the existing facts of desertion and evasion from combat, the combat effectiveness of the armed forces of Ukraine cannot be underestimated. It is always better to assume that a worthy adversary is fighting. In this case, we will have fewer losses of both personnel and military equipment. The enemy should always be treated with respect, whatever he may be.

– At this stage, no. There can be no talk of a counteroffensive at all. Even counterattacks are doubtful.

– Because in order to carry out counterattacks on an operational scale, it is necessary, at least temporarily, to have superiority in air and artillery. In this region, Ukrainians cannot yet boast of this. Therefore, counterattacks of a tactical scale, such as a motorized rifle battalion or a tank company, we can still allow, but counterattacks with large forces at this stage are unlikely. Until the collective West thoroughly strengthens them with artillery, and in the future with aviation, it is too early to talk about counterattacks.

– Yes, the situation is approximately the same in the Slavyansko-Kramatorsk agglomeration. But again, it is difficult to judge the degree of fortification now.

– There is reason to believe that the allied forces have already gained a lot of experience in terms of storming settlements and fighting in dense urban areas. Therefore, there is hope that these terms will be significantly shorter than during the storming of Mariupol.

– If we go too far, then we can hypothetically assume that the plans of the allied command and the command of the Russian Armed Forces include the mastery of such cities, like Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk, Zaporozhye, Odessa. But this is only hypothetical. Now we need to solve primary tasks.


Two new grounds for confiscation of a car will appear in the legislation

One ​​law has been adopted, the second will be adopted in a few days

Soon, two new grounds for confiscation of vehicles will appear in Russia at once. The law on tougher administrative liability for dumping garbage and solid household waste in the wrong places has already been adopted, and the law on criminal liability for repeated driving without a license is due to be adopted next week.

The proposal to tighten article 8.2 of the Code of Administrative Offenses, which punishes non-compliance with the requirements when handling production and consumption waste, was jointly made by the Moscow City Duma and the Moscow Regional Duma in the fall of 2021. It was adopted in the second and third reading this week.

Citizens who throw garbage in the wrong place, along roads, in the forest, create unauthorized dumps, it was decided to punish the ruble more severely. Instead of the current one or two thousand rubles fine in case of capture, they will take from two to three thousand, got caught again during the year – instead of two or three thousand, they will take three to five thousand rubles …

But the main thing is not this. Article 8.2 of the Code of Administrative Offenses will be supplemented with several new paragraphs at once, specifically for those who “pollute and (or) litter” the environment not on foot, but by unloading or throwing garbage from cars or motorcycles outside specially designated places or areas. For the first time, the fine imposed on citizens will be 10-15 thousand rubles, on officials from 20 to 30 thousand rubles, on legal entities – from 30 to 50 thousand rubles. A similar violation repeated within a year doubles all fines, both minimum and maximum.

If the garbage was thrown out from trucks, trailers, tractors or other self-propelled vehicles, from 40 to 50 thousand rubles will be taken from the driver, from 60 to 80 thousand rubles from the official, from 100 to 120 thousand rubles from the legal entity. A repeated violation within a year will lead to much more serious consequences: as an additional punishment, the judge may decide to confiscate the very vehicle that became the “instrument for committing an administrative offense.”

Moreover, it will be possible to record illegal disposal of garbage using video recording, that is, special technical means operating in automatic mode, having the functions of photography and filming, or video recording.

When the law was adopted in the third reading, Oleg Mikhailov (KPRF), on behalf of the faction, expressed doubt that the new norms would help stop the dumping of garbage along roads, rivers, forests and fields. According to him, fines for “just” throwing garbage are increased only for citizens, while for officials and companies they remain the same, moreover, for the same thing, but using transport, the responsibility is much more serious, and this “gives authorized persons quite wide scope for the application of legislation at its discretion.

“The level of fines corresponds to the level of seriousness of the deed,” answered Irina Belykh, deputy head of the relevant Committee on State Building and Legislation (“ER”). She recalled that today the owner of the land plot bears full responsibility for the spontaneous dump, who must remove everything piled up at his own expense and pay a fine.

The threat of confiscation is the right measure, Oleg Nilov spoke on behalf of the “SR” . “Sometimes not everyone is ready to risk a multi-million dollar vehicle,” he believes.

With “handles” officials of environmental and forest supervision will be able to catch violators in the summer, but the use of photo and video recording has been postponed for six months. By the way, after this method of proving the guilt of a citizen starts working, the usual rule “the owner of the vehicle answers if it is not proved that he was definitely not driving” will also be applied here.

The question of whether the authorities in nature, in dense forests or fields will be able to catch vehicles with garbage using photo and video recording, was repeatedly raised during the discussion of the bill. The deputies who supported him believe that they can, if they wish. So, the deputy head of the Committee on Ecology, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Alexander Kogan (ER) told MK that we can talk not only about stationary video cameras installed along roads and fixing traffic violations. “Already today, the Ministry of Transport of the Moscow Region, for example, is installing mobile cameras and video traps during repair work or to track the flow of cars to determine the load on the highway. Plus, supervisory authorities can also use camera traps in places of unauthorized waste disposal,” he explained.

And now about the confiscation of the criminal one.

It is ready for the second reading, it can become a law next week and come into force in July, a package of two bills to tighten liability for those who were deprived of their rights, but got behind the wheel of a car again.

Now the punishment for those who seriously violated the Rules of the Road and lost their rights for a certain period is administrative: 30 thousand rubles, with an alternative in the form of compulsory work for 100-200 hours or arrest for up to 15 days. Even if a citizen falls for this violation even for the fifth time in a year, even for the twentieth, the punishment remains the same. Henceforth, for a repeated, that is, the second within a year, similar violation will be fined for 50-100 thousand rubles, or even sentenced to compulsory work for a period of 150 to 200 hours. For the second reading, the relevant committee approved an amendment by Senator Irina Rukavishnikova, who proposed depriving those punished under this article of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the right to a 50% discount if the fine was paid voluntarily within 20 days.

A third violation of this kind will already threaten a criminal case. The new article of the Criminal Code promises a minimum fine of 150-250 thousand rubles, and a maximum of up to a year in prison with a two-year ban on certain activities or holding certain positions. If a citizen who is deprived of his rights and, in addition, has an unexpunged conviction for an accident with a fatal outcome committed while intoxicated, gets behind the wheel, the fine rises to 200-300 thousand, and the term of imprisonment – up to two years. As an additional means of influence, the Criminal Code decided to prescribe the possibility of seizing, by a court verdict, “a vehicle belonging to the accused and used by him in the commission of a crime.”

Violations of this kind will be recorded only by traffic police officers, no video or cameras.

When these initiatives were discussed in the first reading, many people doubted the effectiveness of the confiscation. In nine out of ten such cases, malicious violators drive without a license in cars that do not formally belong to them, both deputies and experts said: these are cars of their relatives, friends, or those that have been bought but not yet registered.

“Here we are talking about a weapon for committing a crime, and it doesn’t matter who it belongs to – uncle, aunt or anyone else. The person who got behind the wheel used the car as a tool for committing a crime,” Vice Speaker Irina Yarovaya (ER) explained on behalf of the authors. According to her, “the court always makes decisions based on an assessment of the totality of factors” and the circumstances under which the crime was committed.

For the second reading, Alexei Kurinny (KPRF) proposed to adopt an amendment that, in his opinion, would make the confiscation rule effective: for this, he believes, it is enough to allow the confiscation of not only the vehicle belonging to the perpetrator, but also the vehicle in his use, even if it belongs to another person or organization. According to the amendment, only someone else's car, which the accused took possession of in an unlawful way – for example, stole, cannot be confiscated. But the majority of members of the relevant Committee on State Building and Legislation rejected this amendment.

But the question is how effective the new, seemingly formidable norm of the Criminal Code will be, and whether someone who gives it to a malicious malicious person will lose his car violator of traffic rules, has not gone away. One can, of course, assume that the courts will most likely be guided in such situations by the explanations that the Plenum of the Supreme Court gave a few years ago regarding the confiscation of the instrument or means of committing a crime belonging to the criminal in general. When making a decision on confiscation, the court must first establish whether the defendant owns a particular property or not, these explanations say. If the offender used property that belongs to another person or organization, then the court must find out whether the owner knew about the impending crime and the intention to use his property to commit it. If you knew – confiscation is possible …


FT: Putin taught the West a lesson by signing a decree on the transfer of the property of Sakhalin Energy to the ownership of the Russian Federation

According to Western media, Putin taught the West and Great Britain a lesson about the Sakhalin-2 project.

Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on special measures in the field of fuel energy.

The measures are related to the unfriendly actions of a number of foreign countries.

In a document published on the official portal of legal information, said about the order to change the operator of the oil and gas project “Sakhalin-2” Sakhalin Energy, and the property of the company will be transferred to the ownership of the state.

Thus, the property of the operator will be transferred to companies created by the government.

The use of it will be free of charge, and the state will take over rights and obligations of the operator.

Shareholders of “Sakhalin Energy” are “Gazprom” (50%+1 share), Shell (27.5% minus 1 share), Mitsui & Co. (12.5%), Mitsubishi (10%).

According to journalists from the British edition of the Financial Times, Putin, with his decision on “Sakhalin-2” taught the West and the UK a lesson.

The material emphasizes that the actions of the Russian president have become a warning to fuel producers trying to quickly sell their assets.

We are talking primarily about British Petroleum and the French Total Energies, who have investments in projects to develop Russian gas fields.

“Moscow does not want Shell to remain a phantom shareholder, not generating profits”, – writes the publication.

Earlier, TopNews wrote that Germany, according to media reports, wants to nationalize part of “Nord Stream-2”.

Experts commented on reports of Berlin's plans.


India bans plastic cups and straws

India on July 1 introduced a ban on the use of 19 categories of single-use plastic products, the list included glasses and straws, according to the Associated Press.

It is noted that items from the black list are now prohibited from being produced , import, store and distribute in India.

According to the authorities of the country, more than 4 million tons of plastic waste were produced in 2020 alone.

We add, the State Duma  adopted in the second and third readings a bill on the treatment of recyclables, which obliges Russians to ensure the separate collection of secondary resources.

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Should there be toilets and water taps on the official beach?

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 26. Capital evidence 29/06/2022 Plot Summer vacation

В&nbsp ;social networks write that on one of the beaches of Gelendzhik vacationers take 10 rubles for washing hands or fruits. And is it even legal? What then services on the beaches should be provided for free?

Expert answer 0 + –

“All Russian beaches are now being checked according to the new SanPiN of 2021 g.,  — says head of the press service of the department of Rospotrebnadzor for Krasnodar Territory Irina Voronkova. — Cubicles for changing clothes, public toilets (or mobile toilet cabins), showers and urns should be installed there. The quantity is determined taking into account the area of ​​u200bu200bthe beach. Other services — at the discretion of responsible».

Apparently, the absence of a direct reference to a faucet with water and in allowed merchants to sell a “handwashing service”. However, after a fuss was raised in social networks, you can wash your hands again in Gelendzhik for free.

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The head of the General Staff of the Russian Federation checked the troops involved in the special operation

Chief of the General Staff of the RF Armed Forces Valery Gerasimov conducted an inspection of the troops involved in the special operation in Ukraine. This was reported by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.

According to the military department, during the inspection, Gerasimov heard reports on the use of units of the RF Armed Forces as part of a special operation, as well as on the combat support of the troops.

It is reported that During his visit to the command posts, the head of the General Staff paid special attention to the use of automated combat control systems as part of the special operation.

Earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the special military operation in Ukraine was going according to plan. According to the head of state, the ultimate goal of the SVO is the liberation of Donbass and guarantees of the security of the Russian Federation.

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Heroes without memory. How they forgot the exploits of people who glorified Russia

On 5 July 1701, an event occurred which, as is commonly believed, largely determined the course and even the outcome of the Northern War of 1700 — 1721 , which ended with an impressive Russian victory.

It was then, during the battle near the unfinished Novodvinsk fortress, that the Swedes' attempt to destroy Arkhangelsk on the fly, burn the shipyards of Solombala and cut off the Russians from the last sea that connected Russia with Europe was thwarted. By and large, all this was prevented by one person, whose name was unknown for a long time. In any case, in the capitals forgotten until XX century. The name is — Ivan Ryabov. Remembered the feat of the Dvina feeder only thanks to the novel Yury German“Young Russia” yes to the film of the same name by Ilya Guryin. Meanwhile, domestic history is rich in & nbsp; such stories. Ivan Ryabov was still lucky. Because many other heroes are still forgotten. Or almost forgotten. Some just oversight, and some by old order from above…

Ivan Ryabov. To stay in the song

The same Ivan Ryabov was lucky to a certain extent by chance. In & nbsp; 1943, a member of the Military Council of the Northern Fleet, Vice Admiral Alexander Nikolaev gave the military commissar TASS and an employee of the Political Directorate of the Northern Fleet Yuri German combat mission — tell the sailors about the glorious past of the Russian fleet in the North. And did a few tips. In particular, he led the correspondent to Captain Ivan Kotsov. He, like many other Arkhangelsk residents, was not only a captain, but also a connoisseur of antiquity. And by  right — in  his house, Herman saw the charter of the Tsar Ioann Vasilyevich, given to the “lodey feeder Ivashka Kotsovto  the right to go up into the Germans, and down ​​into Rus». And also a letter of Peter I, which the carpenter tsar bestowed Kuzma Kotsovawith the title of “ship leader”. In this family kept and honored the memory of the heroes — about  the feat of the feeder Ryabov to Ivan Kotsov, according to him, in childhood "old lady sang".

Can Is it possible to believe «grandmother's songs»? Herman decided that it was possible. And he built a novel around the plot “Ivan Ryabov saves the Novodvinsk fortress and” Arkhangelsk “. Anyone who has seen the film “Young Russia” must remember how it was. Feeder Ivan Ryabov with  assistant interpreter Mityaunder the guise of a fisherman accidentally captured by the Swedes, he becomes their pilot, promises to take them to Arkhangelsk, but instead, he puts the Swedish flagship and a couple more ships aground exactly in the zone of destruction of the Russian guns of the Novodvinsk fortress. The Swedes naturally get kaput, but they manage to kill Mitya. Ryabov, however, escapes and swims to  his own. The novel was published in & nbsp; 1952 & nbsp; And for almost a quarter of a century, the feat of Ivan Ryabov is brushed aside. Say, all this is cheers-patriotic fiction. But in 1975  historian Nikolai Konkovpublishes the  New Document on the Battle of Novodvinsk on June 25, 1701”, which he found in the archive. The document is called “Questioning Dvina bean Ivan Yermolinson of Sedunov. It clearly follows from this document that Ivashka Sedunov, nicknamed Ryab or Ryabov, and also his interpreter Mitka Popov really did what   , there was such an idea that to introduce thieves' ships into the mouth and & nbsp; run aground. And brought de on, Ivashko, those the above-mentioned thieves' Svei two frigates and a yacht with military people from the sea into the Dvina Estuary, where the builder of the fortress, and half a mile away, those frigates and a yacht stranded … Tolmach de Mitka Popov, who was full of with them, was killed by shotguns from fuses, and he de, Ivashka, was wounded by shot not to death, and he, Ivashka, with  ship, rushing into the water, swam to the shore … & raquo;

Ivan Moshkin. Hero of Europe

In the XVII century                        there was often written about Russians in the European press. It is even generally accepted that the first domestic media person was the “daring Cossack Stenka Razin”, whose uprising was trumpeted by German and Dutch newspapers for several years.

In fact, there was one person who, thirty years before Razin, got into the European media top. And how you got — nice to see! True, the name of the hero is traditionally misrepresented — in "sheets" and  brochures of the Italian Grignaniprinting house call him Simonović. Although in reality it is Ivan Semyonovich Moshkin, a Russian archer of the notch line.

In 1634 he, being in the steppe watch», gets captured by Crimean Tatars. They sell it to Turkey, where Ivan becomes a galley rower. Or rather, on Galeas — this is a class of rowing and sailing ships. Galleas — ships are spacious. The one on which slave Moshkin pulled his strap consisted of 250 people of the Turkish team and troops, and also 280 slaves on oars. Of these slaves, 210 came from Russian regions, and only 70 — from other European countries. This ratio gives some idea of ​​the Crimean misfortune that tormented Russia in those years…

Moshkin turned out to be a man not only persistent, but also adventurous. He manages to put together a conspiracy of slaves, and even involve several slaves close to the captain. In general, in one fine night, a Russian archer blows up part of the ship, and after a bloody battle, out of 250 people of the Turkish team, only 40 remain alive.

Next — some fantasy. A quick passage from the  Marmara to the Mediterranean, the capture of another Turkish ship and, finally, the arrival in the Sicilian port of Messina. Spain then owned Sicily, the Spanish king, informed of such a case, comes to & nbsp; delighted. The Ottoman fleet was such a scourge for the Mediterranean as the Crimean Tatars — for the southern Russian steppes. Capture a huge Turkish ship with 17 cannons, 250 muskets, 200 kg of silver, 20 banners and 500 sets of military uniforms — it's from the  series  it doesn't happen that way . And already if it was done by the slaves, then in general, the guard.

Moshkin and his comrades are offered to serve the Spanish king. The Russians refuse — they want to go home. Similar proposals were received twice more — from Austrian Emperor and Polish King. Moreover, the price of remuneration for service was constantly growing — the hype around the “Russian heroes”, raised by the European press, did its job. However, the Russians returned home. True, here a cool welcome awaited them. I had to forget about & nbsp; rich gifts and & nbsp; awards. The main character, Ivan Moshkin, was again accepted into the & nbsp; archers with a salary of & nbsp; two altyns. Yes and then not immediate — it turned out that the archer, after seven years of Muslim captivity, thirsting for communion, did this directly with the Pope. What followed the royal decree — before accepting him into the service again, “send him under the command to” the patriarch for correction, in order to receive the sacrament from the “pope.”

Alexander Osterman-Tolstoy. Tsarist pettiness

He began his service under Catherine the Great, under the banner of Suvorov — for assaulting Izmail Alexander Ivanovichreceived the Order of St. George of the fourth degree, and & nbsp; after all, he was then only 18 & nbsp; years old. Courage on the battlefield was very well combined with wit and causticity. So, when  he, retired from service, volunteered in the terrible year for Russia in 1812, the general of Italian origin Pauluccispoke in the meaning that Osterman had not donned a uniform for a long time and not  ; might be useful. To it he received the answer: «For you Russia — uniform, you put it on and take it off whenever you want. For me, Russia — my skin».

In the  terrible battle near Ostrovno, when it depended on the stamina of his corps, the armies of Barclayand Bagrationor not, then the fate of the entire war was at stake, Osterman, in response to a question about what to do, calmly said: "Nothing. Stand and die».

In the Battle of Kulm in 1813, his combined detachment decided the fate of the entire battle. However, the general's left arm was almost torn off by a cannonball. When he came to themselves then choosed the surgeon who will do the amputation: "I like your physiognomy, cut". When the operation was over, the count said: “It is very pleasant to be wounded for” the Fatherland, and “as for the left hand, then” I have the right one, which I need for the sign of the cross, a sign of faith in God, on which I rely all my hope.”

And in 1828, the count, dismissed on an indefinite leave, but listed in the service, will once again offer his services to the Russian Emperor. In that year, another war with Turkey will begin. But on this time he will be rejected.  what's the matter? In the pettiness of Nicholas I. Several participants in the Decembrist uprising fled from persecution in the count's house. Plus, he still had the audacity to ask for his relatives and friends. 

Alexander Osterman-Tolstoy will leave Russia. Forever and ever. He will refuse to come even to the anniversary of the Battle of Kulm. Nikolai's beautiful gesture — the emperor will award Osterman with the Order of St. Andrew the First-Called, the highest order of the empire…

The ribbon and star of this order, sent in a sealed package, will remain in         The Count will not touch this award until his death.

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