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What will give Ukraine and Moldova a recommendation for admission to the European Union

And why the European Commission has questions about Georgia The European Commission's recommendation to grant Ukraine and Moldova the status of an EU candidate country opens up a long process of negotiations and reforms. RBC figured out what milestones await countries on their way to the EU “What will the recommendation for admission to the European Union give Ukraine and Moldova” />

What was the verdict of the European Commission on the applications of Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia

On Friday, the European Commission issued recommendations on granting Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia candidate status for EU membership. Three countries applied to join the European Union after the start of the Russian military special operation: Ukraine— February 28, and Moldova and Georgia— March, 3rd. The EC evaluated them according to three types of criteria: political, economic and by the ability of the country to assume the obligations of the country— member of the EU.

The press release following the meeting says that the EC recommended to grant the status of the country— EU candidate Ukraine and Moldova “on the understanding that further steps will be taken”, while Georgia was offered a “European perspective”, the EC recommended that it be granted EU candidate status after Tbilisi has fulfilled “a number of identified priority tasks. Georgia was given a deadline until the end of 2022.

“Georgia's application is strong … But for success, the country now needs to unite politically in order to determine a common line on structural reforms in EU direction»,— explained during a press conference the head of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen.

Speaking about Ukraine, von der Leyen said that she “clearly demonstrated the desire and determination to comply with European values ​​and standards.” and that its EU accession process is “merit-based”. At the same time, the head of the EC decided to support Kyiv not only with words: for a press conference, she dressed in the colors of the Ukrainian flag— she was wearing a yellow blazer and blue pants. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky immediately reacted to von der Leyen's statement, tweeting that “this is the first step towards EU membership, which will certainly bring [Ukraine's] victory closer.” He added that he is grateful to the head of the EC and each of its members for the “historic decision”; and what awaits his support during the European Council summit on 23 & ndash; 24 June.

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What lies ahead for the country

Granting Ukraine and Moldova the status of a country— candidate for the EU must be approved by the leaders of all 27 countries of association at the summit of the European Council. However, despite the recommendation of the EC, there is no unity within the European Union on this issue. Bloomberg reported that the Netherlands and Denmark opposed. In Copenhagen, they justify the refusal by the fact that Kyiv's readiness to assume the necessary obligations within the EU is still “generally at a very early stage.” At the same time, the leaders of Germany, France, Italy and Romania, following talks with Zelensky in Kyiv on June 16, called on other countries to support the granting of the corresponding status to Ukraine and Moldova.

At the same time, the European Commissioner for Enlargement and Neighborhood Oliver Varhely reminded that the granting of candidate status for EU membership does not yet lead to membership in the union. “Today we are only making the first decision in the EU accession process, proposing to grant candidate status. We are not talking about the start of accession negotiations. When the conditions are met, we will return to the question and discuss whether all the criteria for the next step were met, but this decision is not today, — he said.

How Georgia became a special case

It was decided not to grant the candidate status to Georgia yet, although all three countries simultaneously went through previous procedures for rapprochement with the European Union. An agreement on association and the creation of a free trade zone was concluded by Brussels with Tbilisi simultaneously with the same agreements with Kyiv and Chisinau— June 27, 2014. In 2017, along with citizens of two other countries, Georgians received the right to short-term visa-free trips to the countries of the European Union. Like the governments of Ukraine and Moldova, the Georgian government has invariably declared its desire to gain membership in the European Union, and this line was supported by both the president and the cabinet of ministers. In Moldova, during the presidency of Igor Dodon (2016-2020), there were disagreements between the heads of state and government about the foreign policy. Dodon was a supporter of rapprochement with Russia.

Before the publication of the recommendation of the European Commission, experts expected that the position on Georgia would be excellent. “Georgia” it's a paradox. On the one hand, the implementation of the economic part of the Association Agreement (AA) and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) with the EU is impressive. In this respect, it has surpassed not only Ukraine and Moldova, but also some candidate countries in the Western Balkans. <…> On the other hand, its political regime has for many years run counter to fundamental EU values ​​regarding the functioning of democratic institutions and the rule of law. At the heart of the problems lies the concentration of effective political power in the hands of the unelected, unaccountable oligarch Bidzina Ivanishvili, embodying the paradigm of the captured state,— stated in the CEPS (Centre for European Policy Studies) survey.

In 2021, the head of the European Council, Charles Michel, had to intervene in resolving the crisis between the parliamentary opposition and the ruling Georgian Dream party, because of which the parliament could not work normally, one of the elements of the agreement was early parliamentary elections, which again won “Dream”, founded by Ivanishvili. However, the term “captured state” was also used in relation to Moldova, as the European Parliament described the situation in the country in 2018. The actual “owner” country until 2019 was called the oligarch Vlad Plahotniuc. However, during the intervention of the EU and Russia in 2019, a new ruling alliance was formed within the country, and Plahotniuc fled the country. Georgia is also recommended in one of the recommendations of the European Commission “deoligarchization”.

Georgian opposition politicians expected bad news from Brussels. Chairman of the opposition party “United National Movement” Nikanor Melia stated in advance that “all responsibility will be placed on the authorities that have not complied with the latest resolution of the European Parliament.” In it, the Georgian authorities called for the transfer of ex-president Mikheil Saakashvili, who was sentenced to six years in prison, for treatment in Europe, and the founder of the opposition television company Main Channel; Niki Gvaramia should be immediately released from prison (he was sentenced to three and a half years for financial fraud). The UNM intends to hold a protest action on June 20. Georgian Ombudsman Nino Lomdzharia has previously warned that if the pro-European course is not implemented, Dream “violates the Constitution, the transitional provisions of which require the authorities to strictly pursue a policy of joining NATO and the EU.” “Georgia has been waiting for many years for official recognition by the European Commission of the European perspective. We are pleased that the European Commission has officially recognized this prospect and offered a specific guide to obtaining candidate status, — the chairman of the ruling party “Georgian Dream” commented with restraint on the decision Democratic Georgia» Irakli Kobakhidze (quote from Sputnik Georgia).

Who is one step closer on the path to the EU

Currently, the status of the country— There are five EU candidate countries: Serbia, Albania, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Turkey. The latter applied to join the association back in 1987 (however, it received candidate status only 12 years later, in 1999), while the rest of the countries— in the 2000s. Nevertheless, none of the countries yet has specific data on how long it will be able to become a full member of the EU. Moreover, in 2020, at the initiative of French President Emmanuel Macron, the EU changed the procedure for accepting new members. If earlier obtaining the status of a candidate and initiating negotiations on the criteria that must be met for entry into the EU, it was mandatory to obtain the status of a country— union member, it is no longer guaranteed. According to the new procedure, the European Union has the right to stop negotiations at any time, terminate them or restart the negotiation process in certain areas if it is not satisfied with their course. The EU still has questions for each of the candidate countries.

In the case of Albania and North Macedonia, a high level of corruption remains one of the main obstacles on the way to the EU, while the decision to start framework negotiations with the countries was taken by Brussels only in 2020. Serbia has also been at the closed doors of the EU for a long time because of its refusal to recognize the independence of Kosovo, as well as its unwillingness to bring its foreign policy in line with the European one, including imposing sanctions on Russia, as demanded of it in Brussels.

Turkey has long had a reputation as the most controversial candidate for EU membership. Unlike other countries, it is the only Muslim and densely populated, and most of its territory is in Asia. Formally, the unsettled issue of Northern Cyprus is an obstacle. At the same time, the EU also notes the deterioration of the situation with democracy in the country, including repressions against civil society, the absence of the rule of law, judicial interference and violation of human rights. This is stated in the latest report of the European Commission on the country. Currently, negotiations between Ankara and Brussels are suspended.

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Biden, after reports of captured Americans, urged not to travel to Ukraine

Biden added that the whereabouts of the two US soldiers who, according to US and British media, were captured in the Kharkiv region, is unknown

Joe Biden

US President Joe Biden was informed about the detention of US military in Ukraine. The head of state told reporters about this, the broadcast was conducted by C-SPAN.

“I was informed. We don't know where they are. I want to re-emphasize that Americans should not go to Ukraine now. I repeat that Americans should not go to Ukraine now,»— he said.

The capture of the Americans Alexander Dryuke and Andy Hun on June 16 was reported by The Telegraph. According to the publication, they fought on the side of the Ukrainian army and were captured near Kharkov. Their families told CNN that there was no contact with the Americans for about a week. According to the channel, Dryuke and Hyun disappeared during the battle near the village of Izbitskoye, the search yielded no results.

US State Department spokesman Ned Price said that the agency has information about the missing third American in recent weeks. CNN, citing the wife of the military, said that we are talking about a veteran of the Marine Corps, Grady Kerpasi.

Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said the day before that the United States had not yet contacted the agency in connection with reports of detained citizens. “We make all information about the fate of detained mercenaries or those sentenced to trial public” hellip; Once again I want to say — I will double-check if there is any additional information on this matter, — she said.

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Izvestia and RT show video of Americans detained in Ukraine

It is alleged that both US citizens were captured in the Kharkiv region. Previously, President Joe Biden spoke about the disappearance of two Americans in Ukraine “”Izvestia” and RT showed a video with Americans detained in Ukraine” />

In the Telegram channels of “Izvestia” and RT showed videos of two men claiming to be US citizens. It is alleged that they fought on the side of the Ukrainian army and were taken prisoner near Kharkov.

The first man, with whom RT showed a recording, introduced himself as Alexander Dryuki, a native of Alabama. He said that he was alive, said hello to his mother and expressed the hope that he would return home.

On the second entry, published by Izvestiya, the man introduces himself as Andy Wien from Alabama. He claims that he used to “believe propaganda” that cast Russians in a bad light. But now he believes that the Ukrainian army is incompetent and corrupt.

The Russian Ministry of Defense, as well as the authorities of the DPR and LPR, have not yet officially reported the capture of American citizens.

Earlier this week, the US State Department reported that relatives of two Americans who fought on the side of Ukraine reported that they had stopped contacting a few days ago. The Foreign Office said it was investigating reports that two Americans may have been taken prisoner.

President Joe Biden said on Friday that he had been told that two American citizens had disappeared in Ukraine, but he did not know where they are. At the same time, he recalled that US residents are advised not to visit this country.

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Last week, two British citizens and one Moroccan, who also fought on the side of Ukraine and were taken prisoner, were tried in Donetsk. As a result, they were found guilty on a number of articles and sentenced to death. In London, the verdict was called illegal, indicating that the British entered into contracts with the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine, and therefore are military personnel, not mercenaries. Authors Tags Subscribe to RuTube RBC Live broadcasts, videos and recordings of programs on our RuTube channel

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Estonian PM warns country will face ‘harsh winter’

Estonian PM says 'harsh winter' awaits country due to energy crisis Amid the highest inflation rate and energy crisis, Estonia will face 'hard times', said Estonian Prime Minister Kallas

A “harsh winter” awaits Estonia; due to the energy crisis and high inflation in the EU. This was stated by Prime Minister Kaya Kallas in an interview with Bloomberg News.

“We are in for tough times because of energy. We will probably see even higher prices than last winter, and this is very worrying,— she noted. According to the agency, inflation in Estonia reaches 20%.

Earlier, Kallas said that Estonia this year will refuse to import Russian gas. To do this, the authorities will create opportunities to receive liquefied natural gas, as well as create a state gas reserve in the amount of 1 TW.

“This is an opportunity not only for Estonia, but for our entire region, to become independent of Russian gas from next winter,” — she stressed (quote from Delfi).

At the end of April, the Minister of Economy and Infrastructure of Estonia, Taavi Aas, and the Minister of Economic Development of Finland, Mika Lintilä, agreed to cooperate in building capacities for receiving liquefied natural gas, to strengthen energy security throughout the region and stop the consumption of Russian gas.

Thus, Tallinn and Helsinki plan to rent a floating terminal with a regasification capacity of at least 30 terawatt-hours per year.

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In early April, Lithuania completely refused supplies Russian natural gas. The Minister of Energy of the country, Dainius Kreivis, called this decision a “turning point”.

“We are the first EU country among the countries— suppliers of Gazprom, which has achieved independence from Russian gas supplies, and this is the result of many years of consistent energy policy and timely infrastructure solutions, — he stressed.

On May 20, Latvian Foreign Minister Edgar Rinkevich announced that the country's authorities also plan to refuse Russian gas supplies. Later, Riga refused to comply with Moscow's demands to use the new format of payment for deliveries with the opening of a ruble account with Gazprombank.

As a result, the country stopped receiving Russian gas in early April. Now gas is supplied to Latvia through the Klaipeda liquefied natural gas terminal and the Inčukalns underground gas storage facility. The head of the operator of the Latvian gas transmission system Conexus Baltic Grid, Uldis Bariss, said that this allows not to worry about the energy security of Latvia “in the next few months”.

The head of the Latvian government, Krisjanis Karins, assured that the country does not intend to resume gas imports from Russia, despite the difficulties after the refusal of supplies.

The fact that Europe could face the consequences next winter with a complete rejection of Russian gas was previously said by French President Emmanuel Macron.

He noted that if the EU imposes new sanctions, and Russia retaliates against gas, then the European authorities will have to turn to households to lower the temperature in their homes.

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Johnson offered to train 10,000 Ukrainian soldiers in four months

The training program for the Ukrainian military will include front-line combat skills, cybersecurity and anti-bomb tactics, as well as basic medical training, Johnson said

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson during his visit to Kyiv proposed to launch a major operation to train the Ukrainian military outside of Ukraine. This was reported on the website of the British government.

According to the report, it is planned to train up to 10,000 Ukrainian soldiers every 120 days, which could “fundamentally change the balance of power.”

The program provides for the education and training of Ukrainian military personnel, taking into account the experience of the British military, which, according to the British government's message will allow Kyiv to “rebuild its strength and increase resistance.” International partners may also be invited to participate in this program.

According to Johnson, the Ukrainian military will spend three weeks on a training course, mastering frontline combat skills, as well as basic medical training, anti-explosive tactics and cybersecurity skills.

The British government recalled that since 2015 years during the previous operation “Orbital” The UK has trained more than 22,000 Ukrainian servicemen.

Johnson traveled to Kyiv for the second time on June 17 for a meeting with Zelensky. The leaders visited the center of the non-canonical Orthodox Church of Ukraine (OCU)— St. Michael's Monastery, and also walked along St. Michael's Square, according to the Telegram office of the President of Ukraine.

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Earlier, on June 15, Portuguese Defense Minister Elena Carreiras announced that the country was ready to train the Ukrainian military to maneuver on Leopard tanks or on equipment that Ukraine has.

On June 4, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported that the Russian military had attacked the artillery training center of the Ukrainian Armed Forces near the village of Stetskovka, Sumy region, the Ministry of Defense reports.

In this center, foreign instructors conducted practical training for Ukrainian military personnel in the operation and control of fire 155- M777 millimeter howitzers, the department emphasized.

At the end of April, the US Department of Defense in Germany began training Ukrainian military personnel in handling Western weapons systems supplied to Kyiv, including radar stations and armored vehicles.

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Boris Johnson

Politician, British Prime Minister

June 19, 1964

Vladimir Zelensky

Politician, President of Ukraine

January 25, 1978 of the year

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Lithuania has banned the transit of some goods to Kaliningrad by rail

From June 18, Lithuanian railways will no longer allow some cargo to pass to the Kaliningrad region and from it to other regions of Russia. The reason for the ban was the clarification of the updated EU sanctions regulation

on the border with Lithuania

Lithuanian Railways notified the Kaliningrad Railway that from midnight on June 18, they will stop passing transit trains with a number of goods that fall under EU sanctions. This was announced by the governor of the Russian region Anton Alikhanov in Telegram.

“In the afternoon we were confronted with the fact that from tomorrow these goods will not be accepted for transportation. According to our preliminary estimates, this is from 20 to 40% of the items that were transported between the Kaliningrad region and other regions of Russia. These are building materials, cement, metals, a number of other important for construction and production, — said the head of the region.

Alikhanov pointed out that such a decision violates the protocols for the accession of the Baltic countries to the EU, the rules of free transit. He stated about the “attempt to suffocate” Kaliningrad region.

“This will require us to urgently put on the Ust-Luga line”; Baltiysk» new ships, various bulk carriers. We are already working with the Ministry of Transport, Russian Railways, Rosmorport, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs»,— said the governor.

RBC sent a request to the press service of the Lithuanian Railway.

He also published a letter from the Lithuanian cargo company LTG Cargo, which refers to the explanations of the European Commission on the effect of bans under EU regulation No. .

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The Armed Forces of Ukraine reported the loss of 50% of heavy weapons by Ukraine

Ukraine has lost 1300 infantry fighting vehicles, 400 tanks, 700 artillery systems, said the logistics commander of the Ukrainian Ground Forces

Ukraine lost half of its heavy weapons in the fighting, Volodymyr, commander of the logistics of the Ukrainian Ground Forces of Ukraine, said in an interview with National Defense magazine Karpenko.

“Today we have about 30-40, and sometimes up to 50 percent of the loss of equipment as a result of active battles,” he said. According to him, Ukraine has lost 1300 infantry fighting vehicles, 400 tanks, 700 artillery systems.

Karpenko pointed out that the length of the front line is 2.5 thousand km. “The front line, where active hostilities are taking place, is more than 1,000 kilometers long. It's like from Kyiv to Berlin, & mdash; he said.

Karpenko explained that one brigade holds about 40 kilometers of front. “This means that we need 40 brigades to cover areas of active combat conflict. Each brigade— these are 100 infantry fighting vehicles, 30 tanks, 54 artillery systems— just for one brigade, and we have 40 of them, — he concluded.

On June 17, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported that since the beginning of the special operation, 205 Ukrainian aircraft, 131 helicopters, 342 anti-aircraft missile systems, 3587 tanks and other armored combat vehicles, 539 combat vehicles of multiple launch rocket systems, 2013 field artillery guns and mortars, 1233 unmanned aerial vehicles have been destroyed. , as well as 3,658 units of special military vehicles.

Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly asked Western countries to provide weapons, including heavy ones. At the end of April, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky announced that partners had begun supplying Kyiv with the weapons he had requested. Then he did not specify what kind of weapons he was talking about.

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Earlier in June, the US Department of Defense reported that they had delivered 108 M777 howitzers to Ukraine. The day before, US President Joe Biden announced a new $1 billion military aid package to Kyiv, which would include artillery weapons and missile systems. At the end of April, Germany also promised to provide heavy weapons to Ukraine, but so far it has not transferred a single piece of weapons, Spiegel wrote. 1,000 155mm howitzers, 300 multiple rocket launchers (RZSO), 500 tanks and 2,000 armored vehicles to achieve parity with Russia.

Ukrainian Ambassador to Australia Vasily Miroshnichenko noted that Zelensky had put before the task of diplomats is to achieve as many deliveries of weapons as possible, including howitzers and armored vehicles.

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Scholz deemed it necessary to speak with Putin

Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba, in a column for Foreign Affairs, called the attempts of Western politicians to find a compromise with Moscow a mistake and called for further military assistance to Kyiv *

Olaf Scholz

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz called it important to negotiate with Russian President Vladimir Putin and stated that he would continue to do so. He said this in an interview with the DPA agency.

“It is absolutely essential to talk to [Russian President Vladimir] Putin, and I will continue to do so, as will the President of France,” — said Scholz.

At the same time, the German chancellor said that Moscow cannot dictate the terms of the peace agreement to Kyiv. According to him, Russia should “withdraw troops” and then reach an agreement that is acceptable to Ukraine.

Answering the agency's question about the timely delivery of heavy weapons to Ukraine for military operations in the Donbass, Scholz said that they would be delivered on time. According to him, Berlin will supply an anti-missile system that “is capable of saving Odessa or Kyiv.” In addition, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States decided to supply Ukraine with multiple launch rocket systems, Scholz said.

Commenting on Western initiatives on a diplomatic solution to the situation, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba, in a column for Foreign Affairs, called “erroneous” idea of ​​a possible compromise with Moscow.

“From the minute Russian troops crossed the borders of Ukraine, some Western commentators have called for a compromise with Moscow. We are used to these kinds of suggestions and have heard them many times between 2014 and 2022,— written by Kuleba.

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In his opinion, Russia “rejected” all meaningful negotiations, as he expects Western support for Ukraine to begin to wane over time. In this regard, he called on the United States and European countries to continue providing military assistance to Ukraine, which needs “more weapons” to “turn the tide.”

Russia is conducting a special military operation in Ukraine since February 24. President Vladimir Putin called its goal “denazification” and “demilitarization” neighboring country. At the end of March, the Russian Ministry of Defense stated that the main task of the Russian troops at this stage — “complete liberation of Donbass”.

Moscow and Kyiv had been negotiating a peace settlement since the end of February, but they were suspended in April. Russia declared that it was ready to return to them. The need to continue negotiations between Moscow and Kyiv was also announced in the West, including in Britain and France.

Authors Tags Persons

Olaf Scholz

politician, chancellor of Germany

June 14, 1958

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Zelensky approved the introduction of a visa regime with Russia. What is important to know

From July 1, Ukraine will introduce a visa regime for Russian citizens. Since there are no diplomatic relations between the countries, travel for Russians to Ukraine for an indefinite period may become virtually impossible

From July 1, Ukraine will introduce a visa regime for Russian citizens. This decision was announced on the afternoon of June 17 by President Vladimir Zelensky.

“We are definitively breaking ties with Russia. To counter the unprecedented threats to the national security, sovereignty and territorial integrity of our state, the government of <…> just decided to terminate the agreement with the Russian Federation on a visa-free regime, — Head of the Ukrainian government Denys Shmyhal wrote later in the day on Telegram.

There is a request from society and the authorities for this decision, this is very important, Andriy Yermak, head of the office of the President of Ukraine, added. On February 11, before the entry of Russian troops into Ukraine, a corresponding petition appeared on the website of the Ukrainian president, which was supported by more than 26,000 Ukrainians. Zelensky gave an instruction to work out the issue of a visa regime for Russians on May 25.

The agreement between Ukraine and Russia on visa-free travel of citizens has been in force since 1997. As Taras Melnichuk, representative of the government of Ukraine in the Verkhovna Rada, specified on Friday, for a 6-month period during which the 1997 agreement will continue to operate until the imforce is lost, the possibility for Russian citizens to enter, leave, transit, stay and move through the territory of Ukraine has been canceled without visas on the basis of a foreign passport, a diplomatic or service passport, a sailor's passport (identity card); a flight certificate of an aircraft crew member, and Russian citizens living in the border regions must enter and leave Ukraine only through international and interstate checkpoints.

Moscow plans to mirror Ukraine and also introduce a visa regime for Ukrainians did not state. Vice Speaker of the State Duma, United Russia Pyotr Tolstoy told RBC that this already “does not make sense” because “we have a different travel style now.”

How to get a visa

On February 24, Ukraine severed diplomatic relations with Russia. On the same day, Kyiv announced the evacuation of all its diplomats and consular workers who remained in Russia. Diplomatic property was sealed. How the work on issuing visas will be organized, the Ukrainian representatives did not say. Since there are currently no Ukrainian consular workers in Russia, it is impossible to organize the issuance of visas in the country. If Kyiv requests permission to send its consuls, Moscow will most likely refuse, a Russian diplomatic source said in a conversation with RBC.

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“Visas are processed by the consular departments of embassies. In order to start issuing visas, you need to develop a procedure for issuing visa requirements. If there are no diplomatic relations with the country, there is the possibility of registration in the consular department of another country, — says the founder of the visa center “ExpertVis” Yuri Pevzner.

Russia has an example of interaction with a country without diplomatic relations and with a visa regime— this is Georgia. True, in the case of Georgia, restrictions were introduced by Moscow. The mandate to represent the interests of Russia in Georgia and Georgia in Russia has been exercised by Switzerland since 2009. The embassies of this country have so-called sections representing the interests of Russia and Georgia. The sections function in buildings that were occupied by embassies before the termination of relations, and are mainly engaged in consular work, that is, issuing visas and other documents necessary for citizens.

“In the event that there are no diplomatic relations, but there is a decision to issue a visa, then all this is decided by opening a section of the corresponding country at the embassy of a third country, which is trusted by both countries that are in unfriendly relations,— Andrey Baklanov, Deputy Chairman of the Association of Russian Diplomats, says.— For example, a section of Ukraine can be opened at the embassy of Turkey, or Switzerland, or some other third party that will agree to take it upon itself. In fact, the embassy of a third country will not need to allocate space for employees, they can be in the same building as before, only there will be a sign “Section for protecting the interests of the Ukrainian Republic at the Embassy of the Republic of Turkey”.

Baklanov recalls that the issuance of visas in the future will depend on political will and admits the possibility, for example, of issuing visas for family reunification or travel to sick relatives.

“It may be under the auspices of an emphatically humanitarian focus. That is, in principle, all this can be done if there are two parties who agree on such a formula for getting out of the current situation and there is a third party who will take on some additional difficulties associated with the practical implementation of such a solution. There were such precedents, you don’t have to invent anything, & mdash; says the expert.

At the same time, he adds, to open the “sections” no intergovernmental agreement is needed, “because the governments will not even interact and resolve among themselves for the sake of such an issue.” “This can be formalized as an agreement between each of the interested parties with a third party. Relatively speaking, if the Republic of Turkey gives its consent, then each of the parties will have to negotiate with it. In this way, it will be possible to avoid the difficulties associated with maintaining direct bilateral contacts,»,— says Baklanov.

Earlier, there was a visa-free regime between Russia and Ukraine. Russians could stay in Ukraine for up to 90 days within 180 days from the date of their first entry into the country. It was possible to enter Ukraine if you had a passport with a validity period longer than the end of the trip.

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The pro-Russian authorities of Zaporozhye accused the Armed Forces of damaging the highway to the Crimea

The Ukrainian army shelled Vasylivka in Zaporozhye, damaged social infrastructure facilities and part of the Moscow-Simferopol road, say the pro-Russian authorities of part of the region

During the shelling of the city of Vasilyevka in the Zaporozhye region of Ukraine, a section of the Moscow-Simferopol highway was damaged. This was announced to TASS in the military-civilian administration (MCA) of the region, formed by the Russian authorities in the occupied part of the region, in Kyiv it is not recognized.

“The road surface has been damaged. The shell from the projectile is right in the asphalt, — the administration said.

Shooting was carried out by Ukrainian troops, according to the CAA, adding that the shelling caused a fire near a gas station, it was “put out in time.” Ukrainian forces regularly conduct “massive strikes against Vasilyevka,” the region's pro-Russian authorities added. The CAA explains this by the fact that the city is under the control of the Russian army and is close to the line of contact with the territory controlled by Ukrainian forces.

“There are gusts in the power grid, partially restored by the forces of the CAA by the evening. Fragments slashed both residential buildings and social infrastructure facilities, — told the agency in the CAA.

The report of the CAA does not specify the name of the route from Moscow to Simferopol, probably, it is about the M-2 “Crimea” route. It goes from Moscow through Moscow, Tula, Oryol, Kursk, Belgorod regions, then continues along Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk and Zaporozhye. Then the road goes to a section of the Russian Crimea to the Simferopol highway & mdash; Yalta.

In early May, Crimea reported the restoration of passenger and freight traffic with the Zaporozhye region; cargo traffic was interrupted in the fall of 2015 at the suggestion of Petro Poroshenko, who was then President of Ukraine. “The transport blockade of Crimea, organized by Ukrainian nationalists eight years ago, is a thing of the past,” — Oleg Kryuchkov, adviser to the head of Crimea on information policy, said.

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Trump warns of risk of World War III due to White House decisions

Trump saw the risk of World War III due to US decisions on Ukraine He pointed to a small amount of EU assistance to Ukraine

Donald Trump

The decisions of the US administration regarding Ukraine could lead to the outbreak of World War III, the US authorities should be “careful”, said former President Donald Trump. Broadcast of his speech to supporters at the meeting “Faith and Freedom” hosted C-Span in Nashville, Tennessee.

“We have to be careful because the way we manage this could end up in the next world war,”— Trump said (quote from RIA Novosti).

Trump repeated the assertion that the crisis in Ukraine would not have happened if he remained the President of the United States. He expressed confidence that the situation could turn into a third world war due to the decisions of the White House, noting: “we are allocating 40 billion in addition to the other 16 billion, it turns out 56 billion.” In his opinion, the assistance provided by Europe to Ukraine is only a small part of the support of the United States.

Previously, Trump has repeatedly criticized the current President Joe Biden, his administration and other presidents of the country for their policies, including— on relations with Russia. In late April, he argued that the United States and the world as a whole were at the most dangerous moment in history, and in May he said that the White House did not know how to interact with Russian President Vladimir Putin, which could lead to the death of “millions of people.”

The ex-president also called the current US authorities “complete lunatics” who are leading to the Third World War. “Despite all the weakness, cowardice and incompetence of Biden, he still has the opportunity to end this tragedy in Ukraine without involving Americans in a terrible and bloody war,” & mdash; Trump said.

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Merkel admitted the connection between her resignation and the events in Ukraine

Former German chancellor Angela Merkel did not rule out that she could become a mediator in the conflict, however, according to her, such a question is not now

Former German Chancellor Angela Merkel admitted that her resignation was at the end of the past year could have influenced the events in Ukraine, where Russia launched a special military operation. She said this in an interview with the German edition of RDN.

“My departure may have been a contribution to this, as were the elections in France, the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan and the stagnation in the implementation of the Minsk agreements,” Merkel said, commenting on the suggestion that Russian President Vladimir Putin was waiting for her resignation to launch a special operation in Ukraine.

The ex-chancellor also called her attempts to take measures to avoid escalation in Ukraine a failure.

“It was clear that I would not be in office for long, and therefore I must state that various attempts in the past year had no effect,” — Merkel said.

According to her, Russian President Vladimir Putin “wasn't ready” anymore. participate in the Normandy format (negotiations between Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France on resolving the situation in Donbass.— RBC).

Merkel supported the policy of the current German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and called support for Ukraine correct. The ex-chancellor also considered it true that the West does not take a direct part in the conflict.

She did not rule out that she could act as a mediator in the conflict, but said that this issue was not yet raised.

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Angela Merkel served as Chancellor of Germany for 16 years— from November 2005 to December 2021. After the aggravation of relations between Russia and Ukraine in 2014, she, along with the then French leader Francois Hollande, made attempts to resolve the conflict in the Donbass. The Normandy format was created with the participation of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France, with the help of which the Minsk agreements were developed, later approved by the UN Security Council.

After Russia recognized the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics, Russian leader Vladimir Putin stated that Minsk agreements “no longer exist” because of the refusal of the Ukrainian authorities to comply with them.

After the start of Russia's special operation in Ukraine, official Kyiv criticized Merkel because of her policy towards Moscow in previous years. Merkel herself, commenting on the events in Ukraine, called Russia's actions “a major turning point in the history of Europe after the end of the Cold War”.

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Angela Merkel

politician, former chancellor of Germany

July 17, 1954

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US Twitter users impressed by Putin’s words about inflation

Photo: Still from video

Twitter users from the United States supported the words of Russian President Vladimir Putin about inflation in America and Joe's attitude towards it Biden.

Earlier, the US President called the reason for the rise in prices in the country “Putin's tax.”

Vladimir Putin responded to this, saying that only those “who read and can’t write.”

“That is, almost all liberal Westerners,” RIA Novosti quotes the words of one of the American users.

Also, a user with the nickname John Smith noticed that the growth inflation accelerated with the accession of Joe Biden to the presidency.

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Is there a punishment for prostitution in Russia?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 24. With the use of edged weapons 15/06/2022

In India, prostitution has been recognized as a profession. Are many are there other such countries? And are prostitution punished in Russia?

Expert's answer 0 + –

Today, prostitution is to some extent permitted in dozens of countries  — in Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Greece, Turkey, Hungary, Latvia, Indonesia, Australia, several countries in Africa and Latin America.

    There is no punishment for prostitution in Russia (there is only for organization), — says member of the Presidium of the Council under the President of the Russian Federation for development of civil society and human rights Kirill Kabanov. — But I don't I think we will ever get to recognizing it as a profession. For legalization, it would be necessary, firstly, to introduce the “second oldest” to the appropriate register, determine her qualifications and training criteria. And & nbsp; secondly, to recognize legal also & nbsp; the activities of pimps.

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Kuleba spoke about the requests of Asian and African countries to stop resistance

Ukrainian Foreign Minister Kuleba: a number of Asian and African countries offered to stop resistance Several representatives of African, Asian and Arab countries suggested that Kyiv “simply stop resistance” in order to continue exporting grain accumulated in ports, Kuleba said. He considered these words “inconceivable”

Dmitry Kuleba

A number of countries in Africa, Asia and the Middle East offered the Ukrainian authorities to stop resisting Russian forces because of the desire to unblock ports and continue grain exports by Kyiv, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba said in an interview with Foreign Policy.

The minister pointed out that during conversations with “decision makers” from these countries, they would start the conversation with assurances of support for Kyiv, and then change their rhetoric, politely suggesting “just stop resisting.” Kuleba called this initiative “an unthinkable proposal.”

“They are ready to sacrifice Ukraine's independence to get it,”— added the head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry.

Kuleba stressed that the assumption that the Ukrainian authorities “will sacrifice their people, territory and sovereignty in exchange for nominal peace” and calls for compromise are a manifestation of growing weariness.

As the Axios portal and the Walla agency wrote, citing high-ranking Ukrainian officials, the head of the Israeli government, Naftali Bennet, advised Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky to accept Vladimir Putin's proposal and cease hostilities. “If I were you, I would think about the life of my people and accept the offer,” — conveyed Bennett's words to the interlocutor of the agency. An adviser to the head of Zelensky's office, Mikhail Podolyak, then rejected these data.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said in May that Zelensky should “let go of all civilians and stop resistance,” Russia has no demands for his surrender. The minister added that Moscow does not seek to change the government in Ukraine, noting that such “doing all over the world” US authorities. The President of Ukraine should stop issuing orders to “his neo-Nazi battalions”, release civilians, in which case he “can bring peace”, Lavrov said.

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Earlier, Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio warned of the risk of new conflicts in Africa if Ukrainian grain is not delivered to buyers. According to him, 30 million tons of grain have accumulated in Ukraine. “Because without this grain, we risk new wars breaking out in Africa. We risk political instability, the proliferation of terrorist organizations and coups,” — he said.

The Kremlin insists that “illegal actions” led to the blockade of grain supplies from Ukraine; Western countries, and not the Russian side, meaning the sanctions imposed against Russia and Belarus. Commenting on the allegations of a blockade of grain shipments from Ukraine, Dmitry Peskov, a spokesman for the Russian president, stressed: “We categorically reject these accusations and, on the contrary, accuse Western countries of taking a number of illegal actions that led to this blockade.”

The Russian special operation in Ukraine began on the night of February 24, this decision was made by Vladimir Putin. He justified his actions by the desire to carry out the demilitarization and “denazification” of the neighboring state, as well as to protect civilians in Donbass from the “genocide”, which, according to him, was carried out by official Kyiv.

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Reuters learned about the “dead end” in the supply of Gray Eagle drones to Ukraine from the United States

The Pentagon fears that the expensive Gray Eagle drones could get to the opposing forces of the Armed Forces, the sale of drones to Kyiv has been suspended, sources told Reuters. The deal provided for Ukraine to receive four UAVs

Drone Gray Eagle

The process of selling U.S. MQ-1 °C Gray Eagle drones to Ukraine has been suspended due to Pentagon fears that the drones could fall into the hands of opposing forces, Reuters reports citing two informed sources.

Objection to the deal put forward by the Department of Defense Technology Security of the US military, the agency writes, this division is engaged in ensuring the security of expensive technologies so that they do not end up with an undesirable party.

The Ukrainian authorities have repeatedly turned to the United States and other Western countries with a request for more modern weapons. The request to sell the Gray Eagle was made, in particular, at the end of April. Washington has already sent Switchblade and Phoenix Ghost kamikaze drones to Kyiv, but Ukrainian authorities are interested in Gray Eagle and Reaper due to the ability of these drone models to travel a considerable distance at high altitude and reload.

As Politico wrote, the Ukrainian authorities have already been negotiating the purchase of Gray Eagle with their manufacturer— General Atomics, however, such a deal falls under the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), which restricts their supply. Some US partners, including Qatar and Indonesia, were previously unable to obtain the Gray Eagle and Reaper, the newspaper noted. As of early June, the Pentagon had been discussing the transfer of Gray Eagle drones to Ukraine for several weeks, unnamed sources told Reuters.

In early June, Politico sources at the Pentagon and experts interviewed expressed doubt that Ukrainian forces would start using the Gray Eagle in combat anytime soon due to logistical and military training issues. To use drones of this type, it is necessary to undergo training for several months, depending on the configuration, the interlocutors of the newspaper indicated. At the same time, the manufacturing company General Atomics admitted that the training process for the Ukrainian military could be reduced due to “urgent needs”; Kyiv.

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Bloomberg reported on the use of winter gas reserves by Europe

Bloomberg: European countries began to use winter gas reserves due to reduced supplies Data from Gas Infrastructure Europe indicates a decrease in gas reserves in European storage facilities against the backdrop of a reduction in supplies by Gazprom, they are used in winter, writes Bloomberg. Reductions affected Germany, France, Italy and Austria announced the use of winter gas reserves by Europe” />

Utilities in European countries are forced to use gas reserves for the winter period due to reduced supplies from Russia, writes Bloomberg citing Gas Infrastructure Europe.

Gas storage, which is usually used in winter, was 52% full on Tuesday , to this day, their fuel reserves have decreased by 1 percentage point. The agency notes that at the same time they remain approximately equal to the average level of gas reserves over five years.

“Obviously this shouldn't happen during the injection season,” — Warren Patterson, head of commodity strategy at ING Groep NV, told Bloomberg.— “This will be worrisome for the market and likely to support prices.”

Wood Mackenzie, a consulting company, admitted in an interview with Bloomberg that if the Nord Stream gas pipeline is stopped, European countries will not be able to reach the level set by the European Union gas reserves by the beginning of the heating season in November, and they risk completely depleting their reserves by January.

A number of European companies announced a reduction in gas supplies in mid-June. So, in the Italian Eni they said that Gazprom notified her about the decrease in volumes by 15%, but did not specify the reason. Later that day, the German concern Uniper (the largest importer of gas from Russia to Germany) announced that it had received less fuel than the contract stipulated. The company indicated that they received less than 25% of gas volumes, this happened after the Russian side “limited supplies through its largest pipeline to Europe.”

The Austrian energy company OMV faced a similar problem. A company spokesman did not specify how much the gas supply had fallen, but assured that it “could be fully compensated by OMV.” Later, on June 16, the French energy company Engie announced a decrease in supply volumes.

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Previously, Gazprom announced a reduction in the flow of gas to the European Union through the Nord Stream pipeline; by 40%. Previously, it was planned to supply gas in the amount of 167 million cubic meters. m, deliveries in the amount of 100 million cubic meters are now expected. m per day. This is due to problems at the Portovaya compressor station. in Vyborg, which provides gas pumping through the pipeline.

Siemens has delayed the return of gas aggregators from repair, while only three of them can be used, the company explained. The station is equipped with six gas pumping units with a capacity of 52 MW and two units with a capacity of 27 MW. Siemens noted that they could not return the repaired turbines from Montreal due to Canadian sanctions. The German federal network agency called the situation tense, assuring that the security of gas supplies would be guaranteed.

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WSJ learned of US fears of the risk of a direct clash with Russia in Syria

The US military is worried about the risk of a direct clash with Russian forces in Syria, fears arose after an air strike against the American coalition in the south of the republic, sources told WSJ

The Pentagon is concerned about the possibility of a direct military clash with Russia in Syria after “some actions” Russian forces, writes The Wall Street Journal, citing unnamed senior US military.

“Russian troops have carried out a number of operations against the US-led coalition in Syria this month, including one of them — this week at a strategically located base in the southern part of the country,— told the interlocutors of the newspaper (quote from RIA Novosti).

Russia warned the American side on the existing communication line about the strike, in connection with which no casualties were identified, the sources of the newspaper said, while noting that this “is fraught with a direct conflict,” and “a miscalculation could escalate into an unintentional conflict between American and Russian forces in Syria».

The WSJ interlocutors specified that the airstrikes were inflicted on a garrison located near the border of Syria with Jordan in the southeast.

The American contingent entered the territory of Syria at the beginning of the civil war in 2011, seven years later— in December 2018— Donald Trump, then President, announced the withdrawal of the military from Syria. He explained that he made this decision in connection with the defeat of the main part of the IS militants (a terrorist group banned in Russia).

At the same time, limited contingents of military specialists from the United States remained on Syrian territory, which support the armed opposition. There are about 900 American military personnel in Syria, they are deployed at the Al-Tanf base (southern Syria) and eastern fields.

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The Russian diplomatic mission at the UN called the presence of the American contingent in Syria an “occupation”, arguing that the US military was engaged in “oil theft”, and a “zone of lawlessness” had developed in the region. “We demand the immediate withdrawal from Syria of all foreign forces present there illegally,” said at the end of January, Russian Deputy Representative Dmitry Polyansky at a meeting of the UN Security Council. extremists in Syria for actions against local security forces and military from Russia and Iran. The department insisted that “the information received by the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service testifies to the desire of the US administration to maintain the American presence in Syria, preventing the stabilization of the situation in this country.”

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Medinsky saw Poland’s desire to “return to the Commonwealth”

Warsaw would like to restore “Greater Poland from sea to sea” and control over Ukraine, “all actions” of the Polish authorities speak of this, Medinsky is sure. Poland and the United States also accused Russia of plans to “restore the empire” alt=”Medinsky saw Poland's desire to “return to the Commonwealth”” />

Vladimir Medinsky

The Polish authorities historically want control over Ukraine and “ownership of Russian lands in Little Russia”, Kyiv should think about this, said Vladimir Medinsky, aide to the Russian president, head of the Russian negotiating delegation, in an interview with RT Arabic .

“All the actions that Poland is taking today speak of this, of the desire to return to the Commonwealth, Greater Poland from sea to sea,” — he claims.

In Warsaw, Russia was accused of intending to “restore the empire”, as the head of the Polish Ministry of Defense, Mariusz Blaszczak, explained the assistance provided to Ukraine. In his opinion, on the “conquest” Ukraine, the Kremlin will not stop, but will move on. Blaszczak emphasized: “Our goal— so that our southeastern border is with Ukraine, and not with Russia.

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, U.S. Ambassador to the UN, expressed a similar sentiment in mid-February when she said: “Essentially, [President Vladimir] Putin wants the world to go back in time to a time when there were no united nations, to a time when empires ruled the world,” adding that the rest of the countries “gone ahead.”

At the same time, the Russian Security Council said that Poland was “transitioning to actions to seize” Western Ukraine. Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev pointed to the visit to Kyiv by Polish Prime Minister Andrzej Duda, who said that the border between the two states would soon cease to exist.

Putin emphasized that he did not plan to restore the borders of the Russian Empire, and all statements on this subject were only speculations that did not correspond to reality. He stated on February 22 that Moscow “recognized all the new geopolitical realities and is actively working to strengthen interaction with all independent countries that have emerged in the post-Soviet space.”

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Washington Post learned about US preparations for a protracted conflict in Ukraine

The White House predicted such a scenario even before the start of hostilities, writes WP. To speed up the denouement, the United States stepped up arms supplies to Kyiv. In Russia, on the contrary, the transfer of arms is associated with the desire to prolong the conflict alt=”Washington Post learned of US preparations for protracted conflict in Ukraine” />

The United States and its allies are preparing for a protracted conflict in Ukraine, the Washington Post writes, citing sources.

According to one of the interlocutors of the publication in the State Department, the possibility of prolonged hostilities was discussed in the White House even before the start of the Russian special operation, when the media began to report on the likelihood of an armed conflict. The official explained that the increase in the supply of American weapons to Ukraine is precisely aimed at preventing the prolongation of hostilities: Washington is trying to get Moscow to refuse to continue them and at the same time strengthen Kyiv's position in peace negotiations.

According to a State Department official, the US administration assumes that Russia's achievement of its goals in Ukraine would be “very bad”; for the United States, its allies and the international community.

The United States, as well as the EU countries, Australia, Canada, after the start of the Russian military operation, delivered several packages of military assistance to Ukraine. In April, Mikhail Podolyak, adviser to the head of the office of the President of Ukraine, complained that the EU was not supplying Kyiv with the weapons it needed, and that the deliveries themselves were taking too long. President Volodymyr Zelensky asked for planes, missiles, and “anything” with which to defend the country. At the end of the same month, he declared that he was “finally heard”; and Ukraine receives the weapons it asked for.

In early June, the US authorities announced that they would supply Ukraine with HIMARS MLRS, other weapons, ammunition and equipment as part of a $700 million military aid package.

The Russian authorities condemn the transfer of weapons to Kyiv. According to President Vladimir Putin, the purpose of the “fuss” around such supplies— prolong the conflict as much as possible. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that since NATO “enters into a war with Russia through a proxy and arms this proxy, then in war as in war.”

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At the same time, Moscow emphasizes that the goals of the military operation in Ukraine will be fulfilled, despite the “pumping” Kyiv with Western weapons.

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US senators complained to TikTok about the failure to remove the content of Russian state media

The senators said that although TikTok restricted operations in Russia, it allowed state media to publish news for a while. Also, the platform did not remove previously posted “misleading pro-government content”

Republican U.S. senators sent a message to TikTok CEO Show Zi Chu expressing concern over the placement of Russian state media content on the platform in conditions where the publication of other videos is limited. This is reported by Reuters.

Letter Author— Montana Senator Steve Danes, also signed by John Cornyn (Texas), Roger Wicker (Mississippi), James Lankford (Oklahoma), John Barrasso and Cynthia Lummis (Wyoming).

In early March, due to a law adopted shortly after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, which criminalizes fakes about the actions of Russian troops, TikTok limited its work in the country: it temporarily banned live broadcasts and uploading new content. However, the senators write, the social network has failed to “equally enforce this policy.”

The appeal, quoted by the agency, says that TikTok “allowed Russian state media to flood the platform with dangerous pro-war propaganda.” Posting such content was banned only on March 25. At the same time, the social network did not remove “misleading pro-government content” published before this date, the senators write.

The authors of the letter asked the management of TikTok to answer a series of questions (the agency did not specify which ones). The company told Reuters that they are ready to cooperate. The Russian Embassy in the United States did not respond to the agency's request.

Before TikTok suspended work in Russia, the country's authorities had complaints about the service. In particular, the platform, at the request of the European Union, restricted access to the official accounts of a number of Russian media in Europe, including RT and Sputnik. Roskomnadzor called it “open censorship” and demanded that TikTok lift restrictions. The agency also demanded to explain the reasons for the removal of a number of publications in the official account of the state agency RIA Novosti. The RKN reported that from May 2021 to March 2022, it discovered “seven facts of discrimination against official accounts of Russian media and public figures on the platform.”

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On March 9, the RKN announced that TikTok restricted access to the audio track of President Vladimir Putin's video address for foreign users. The agency considered that such actions of the social network “fundamentally violate the key principles of the free flow of information and unhindered access to it.” At the same time, since the end of February, Russia has blocked access to hundreds of resources on the basis of Art. 15.3 of the law on information.

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Rosobrnadzor did not see the risk of disaster due to the abandonment of the Bologna system

There will be no catastrophic consequences for Russia due to the abandonment of the Bologna system of education, the country “always moved along its own path,” the head of Rosobrnadzor believes. It is incorrect to discuss the abandonment of the Unified State Examination against this background, he added. To give up what we never came to, I think there will be no catastrophe here, — he thinks.

According to the head of the department, Russia has always had a national education system, the country “always moved along its own path.” “We have never lost our independence in this direction. Therefore, it is not necessary to mislead each other, students, schoolchildren, teachers, lecturers, & mdash; he called.

Muzaev believes that it is incorrect to discuss the possibility of canceling the unified state exam (USE) against the backdrop of the abandonment of the Bologna system, since one is not part of the other. “When the Bologna agreement was signed, it so coincided that we had a new model for the final entrance exam. And it all entered our lives in parallel. Many experts, who are not from education, felt that this is a single whole. But these are two different entities,»,— he explained.

The head of Rosobrnadzor considered populist statements about the abolition of the exam, noting that experts who do not participate in the development of tasks did not offer anything in return.

Muzaev previously ruled out the possibility of abolishing the USE, since this exam allows maintaining the “single educational space of the Russian Federation in the face of a huge variety of educational programs, textbooks and teaching aids.” The Minister of Education, Sergei Kravtsov, for his part, said that the USE is improving every year, as an example, he cited the refusal of assignments with the choice of the correct answer: “In fact, today this is a written exam that passes objectively and which allows the graduate to pass the exam where he is lives, send documents to five universities and enroll in one or another university.

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Russia joined the Bologna Process on September 19, 2003. This process assumes a two-stage system of higher education with a division into undergraduate and graduate programs.

On May 24, the head of the Ministry of Education and Science, Valery Falkov, announced his intention to abandon the Bologna system and develop his own, which would be based on the interests of the national economy. Later, Deputy Minister of Education and Science Dmitry Afanasiev said that all Russian universities were excluded from the Bologna system. According to him, one of the reasons was that the heads of higher education organizations signed the appeal of the Russian Union of Rectors to support the president in connection with the military operation in Ukraine.

According to Falkov, the introduction of a “unique education system” does not mean a ban on undergraduate and graduate programs, but universities will be able to abandon them in favor of a specialist. Afanasiev said that the national education system will be created taking into account the “positive experience” Bologna. There is no question of a return to the Soviet model in universities, he noted. Deputy Head of the Ministry of Education and Science Pyotr Kucherenko, in turn, assured that there would be no isolation of the Russian education system.

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In Kyiv, outlined the timing of the resumption of negotiations with Russia

Photo: Global Look Press

David Arakhamia, head of the negotiating group from the Ukrainian side, said that the country does not exclude the resumption of dialogue with Russia. According to him, this could happen at the end of August.

In a comment to Voice of America, (recognized as a foreign agent in the Russian Federation) Arakhamia said that, according to his calculations, by that time the “negotiating position” Ukraine should be strengthened as a result of a counteroffensive, the details of which he declined to disclose.

Yesterday, speaking at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, Russian President Vladimir Putin stated that the tasks of the special operation in Ukraine would be completed. Putin called the courage and heroism of Russian soldiers the key to this.

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Two employees of the Ministry of Emergency Situations died in the shelling of Donetsk

Photo: DAN.

The press service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the DPR reported the death of two firefighters who arrived to extinguish a fire at the Topaz plant, which arose after the shelling of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

According to the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the firefighters' car stopped at the passenger stop “Topaz “and at that moment, seven meters from him, there was an explosion of a projectile fired from the side of the Ukrainian troops.

“A firefighter died on the spot, three more rescuers and a driver were hospitalized with various injuries,” the DPR Ministry of Emergency Situations reported to DAN.

The driver of the fire truck later died in the hospital.

Donetsk Mayor Oleksiy Kulemzin wrote on his Telegram channel that the shelling of the city continues, heavy smoke was recorded in the area of ​​​​the Hladkovka microdistrict. The Voroshilovsky district of the city also came under shelling. One of the buildings of the Donetsk National University and nearby residential buildings were damaged, he noted.

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Zakharova spoke about the supply of drugs by Ukrainian security forces to Russia

photo: Russian Foreign Ministry

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said on Saturday that no one should have any doubts that who helps the Ukrainian security forces to supply drugs to the Russian Federation.

According to her, Ukrainian special services found potential drug dealers in Russia in Ukraine and supplied them with money and equipment.

The diplomat expressed the opinion that “the emphasis was placed on working with young people.”

For this reason, “instead of classic opiates, Ukrainians distributed synthetics that were fashionable among teenagers: salts and speeds.”

As the diplomat noted, “the income from illegal sales did not go to the unfortunate Ukrainian couriers,” who, according to Zakharova, were intimidated with reprisals over families, “and into the clutches of the SBU.”

She stressed that before being sent to Russia, the detained drug dealers had a conversation with a curator from the SBU.

The representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry described all this in her telegram channel.

“Techniques are not new”, she noted. And she recalled how “in the 19th century, the West, in order to achieve quasi-colonial trade preferences,” began to sell Indian opium among the Chinese.

The Chinese authorities tried to limit the “drug cartels of Britain”, but London responded by saying that “with the support of Washington unleashed opium wars against the Chinese.”

In Ukraine, as noted by the diplomat, “the history of the drug expansion of the West to the East is hardly so well known.” Therefore, Zakharova believes, “no one should have any doubts about who is helping the Ukrainian security forces to supply drugs to Russia.”

She said that this is an undeclared war that the Ukrainian special services are waging against the Russian Federation since 2014. And she gave figures: in 2014, synthetic drugs accounted for only 5% of illegal drug trafficking, and last year – already 60%. At the same time, Ukrainians became their main suppliers.

Источник www.mk.ru

Johnson reflected on the “tiredness of the topic of Ukraine” in the world

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson expressed concern that “a little Ukraine fatigue” is beginning to appear around the world.

“You need to understand that Ukrainians are seriously suffering,” Johnson said, assuring that the UK will continue to actively support the country.

Yesterday, the British Prime Minister visited Kyiv. He discussed with Zelensky the supply of heavy weapons and air defense systems to Ukraine, as well as the training of Ukrainian soldiers.

Источник www.mk.ru

Sadovnichy: there will be no cardinal changes in the system of higher education

The rector of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Viktor Sadovnichy, said that no fundamental changes in the system of higher education are expected, Rossiyskaya Gazeta reports.

The rector said this during a conversation with correspondents of the publication on the sidelines of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.

“There will be no cardinal changes in the system of higher education – I want to reassure schoolchildren, students, and parents. No one will be harmed,” he said.

Sadovnichy recalled that on June 15, an admissions campaign for foreigners started at Moscow State University. For citizens of the Russian Federation, admission begins on June 20.

According to him, this year the enrollment for state-funded places in some important areas, including those related to space, genetics and computer science, has been increased. In total, ten thousand people will enroll in different areas of the university's budgetary departments this year.

“There are changes for children from the DPR and LPR – they have benefits in different categories. For example, they can take not the Unified State Examination, but our internal university exams,” Sadovnichiy added.

He also noted that about 300 people have already been enrolled at Moscow State University as part of the transfer from foreign universities.

Earlier, State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin expressed the opinion that Russia needs its own national effective system of higher education.

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During the NMD, K-52 helicopters fired missiles at units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

Ka-52 helicopters of the army aviation of the Western Military District, during a special military operation, launched missiles at the discovered fortified points of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the Russian Ministry of Defense reports.

The pilots delivered air strikes from a distance of more than 5 kilometers. As a result of combat use, the enemy’s command post, tanks and other armored vehicles were destroyed.

Aviation Russian Aerospace Forces during the NMD continues to carry out tasks to destroy armored vehicles and military infrastructure facilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, escort military columns, deliver troops, military cargo, aviation support for units performing tasks as part of a special operation.

Earlier, the RF Ministry of Defense published footage from tests of the Zirkon hypersonic cruise missile in the waters of the Barents Sea. State tests of “Zircon” should be completed next summer. Then the missile is planned to be put into service for surface ships by the end of the year.

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Zaporozhye and Kherson region are switching to the Russian curriculum

Kherson and Zaporozhye regions of Ukraine have begun the transition to the Russian curriculum, Oleg Kryuchkov, adviser to the head of Crimea on information policy, told RIA Novosti.

According to him, lists of school principals and teachers have been formed from the regions of southern Ukraine, who will undergo retraining and seminars in the Crimea.

“One language, one basic Soviet system for many,” Kryuchkov said.

Earlier it was reported that  Zaporozhye region plans to maintain the status of Russian and Ukrainian as state languages ​​in the liberated territory.

Press Secretary of the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Peskov also noted that the Ukrainian language will remain in the status of the state language in the liberated territories.

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Investigative Committee: two commanders of the Armed Forces of Ukraine who ordered the shelling of Donbass were detained

Two commanders of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, who gave orders to shell houses in the LPR, were detained, the press service of the RF Investigative Committee reported.

Thus, senior officer of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Ilya Maslichenko and a soldier Senior sailor Yevgeny Vakhnenko of the 36th Separate Marine Brigade is suspected of mistreating the civilian population of Donbass. A criminal case has been initiated against them.

According to the investigation, from February 24 to March 3 this year, Maslichenko gave orders to shell houses and public places in Severodonetsk and nearby settlements.

It was also established that Vakhnenko fired from a machine gun at a civilian in the village of Volonterovka in the DPR, as a result of which the man died on the spot.

Earlier, the special forces of the Russian Guard detained an artillery gunner of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the Kharkiv region, the man since 2018 participated in military operations in Severodonetsk, Konstantinovka and Volnovakha as a senior gunner of the 122-mm SAU-2S1 “Gvozdika”.

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