Belarusian Foreign Ministry: Ukrainian Ambassador protested due to violation of the border by a military drone A Ukrainian reconnaissance aircraft crossed the border with Belarus and was captured, Minsk reported. The drone flight took place against the backdrop of joint Russian-Belarusian exercises that are taking place on the territory of Belarus .jpg” alt=”Belarus reported the capture of a Ukrainian spy drone” />
Belarus declared a “strong protest” Ukraine in connection with the violation by the Ukrainian reconnaissance drone of the state border of the country. A message about this was published on the website of the Belarusian Foreign Ministry.
On February 3, Ambassador of Ukraine Igor Kizima was summoned to the Belarusian Foreign Ministry. There he was told “a strong protest in connection with the targeted launch of an unmanned aerial vehicle”; from the territory of Ukraine, who violated the border.
“The aforementioned Ukrainian UAV on January 24, 2022 illegally crossed the state border of Belarus, was detected in the airspace of our country and subsequently forced to land by specialists of the Armed Forces,” — The press service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs reported.
Analysis of data from the onboard equipment of the drone showed that it was launched from the territory of Ukraine for illegal reconnaissance. Purpose— military training ground «Brestsky».
“The Ukrainian side has been informed that with these unfriendly steps it is deliberately provoking an escalation of the situation in the region, which does not contribute to a civilized bilateral dialogue,” — said the Belarusian Foreign Ministry.
Press Secretary of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry Oleg Nikolenko called the accusations of Belarus a provocation. “Ukraine did not use UAVs. We urge Minsk not to play along with the destabilization actions of Russia, — posted on Twitter.
In Belarus, since the end of January, joint exercises with the Russian army “Allied Resolve” have been held. 2022". On February 3, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu arrived in Belarus to inspect the exercises.
The first stage will last until February 9. The countries will carry out a grouping of troops on Belarusian territory, organize the protection of important facilities, the defense of the state border in the airspace and check the readiness of the air defense forces on duty. At the second stage, from February 10 to February 20, the military will practice repulsing external aggression and countering terrorism.
The Russian Ministry of Defense reported that the military delivered the S-400 Triumf anti-aircraft missile system to Belarus for exercises. He will proceed to one of the training grounds of the Brest region. After that, the military will carry out engineering equipment and camouflage of starting positions. They will take up combat duty in air defense as part of the Unified Regional System of Russia and Belarus. The Russian military department announced the transfer of two S-400 divisions from the Far East to Belarus by rail on January 21.
12 Su-35 fighters and a battalion of Pantsir-S missile systems will also be involved in the exercises.
The Armed Forces of Ukraine (APU) conducted military exercises with multiple launch rocket systems “Hurricane” near the borders with Crimea. The rocket artillery units of the joint forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine have worked out the deployment to firing positions and aiming at the targets of a mock enemy, reported on February 2 in Kiev.
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People's Militia of the DPR: Kiev has tacitly banned the release of military servicemen from Ukraine “The DPR reported an unspoken ban on the release of persons liable for military service from Ukraine” />
According to the intelligence of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, Ukrainian border guards received orders under various pretexts not to let out of the country men liable for military service aged 18 to 45 years. This, according to TASS, was told at a briefing by the official representative of the People's Militia of the DPR, Eduard Basurin.
“According to our undercover intelligence, on February 2, the head of the State Border Service of Ukraine [Sergey] Deineko issued instructions to restrict the departure from the country of military-servicable male citizens aged 18 to 45 from February 20,” — Basurin said.
He clarified that in order to avoid panic, the order was unspoken: border guards should refuse to leave, referring to bureaucratic reasons, such as the absence of information about issued visas in the database, the presence of cases of administrative offenses in the proceedings, non-payment of alimony and other reasons.
Basurin also said that the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry asked the embassies and diplomatic missions of other countries to inform their citizens about the need to leave the Donbass.
“The Ukrainian Foreign Ministry asks diplomatic missions to secretly inform citizens of foreign states about the need to leave Donbas as soon as possible the zone of the operation of the joint forces (forced operation of Kiev— note TASS) in the Donbass»,— said a DPR spokesman.
He added that Ukraine has also introduced new entry restrictions for foreigners who do not have “good reasons” to visit the country. According to Basurin, the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry is preparing appeals to the embassies of third countries with requests “to assist in the return of Ukrainian citizens of military age to the country's territory.”
RBC turned to the State Border Service of Ukraine for a comment.
The material is being supplemented
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Presidential spokesman Peskov confirmed that Putin met with Kadyrov in Moscow
Russian President Vladimir Putin received the head of Chechnya Ramzan Kadyrov in the Kremlin on February 2, press secretary of the head of state Dmitry Peskov told reporters, RBC correspondent reports.
According to Peskov, economic affairs and topics related to the work of law enforcement agencies were discussed at the meeting.
The meeting on Thursday night was reported by Kadyrov's press service. It was reported that the head of the republic reported to the president on the socio-economic situation in the region and noted that the measures taken under the leadership of Putin allow Chechnya to maintain the pace of development during the pandemic.
The meeting between Kadyrov and Putin was announced after the meeting in the center of Grozny an unsanctioned rally against the family of retired judge of the Supreme Court of Chechnya Saidi Yangulbaev took place.
The material is being supplemented
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Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko negatively assessed the security situation in the world. In his opinion, some forces are artificially aggravating the situation, as it was on the eve of World War II.
“The situation today is very reminiscent of the late 30s – early 40s,” BelTA quotes Lukashenko.
According to him, in Belarus they are watching with concern the escalation of tension: “We remember well the horrors of that war…”
He expressed the opinion that the current situation is very unpredictable “and at any moment may go into hot phase. He considers the sanctions of a number of states against other countries to be the reason for destabilization. The politician added that there is “increasing militarization” and “systemic destruction of the international security architecture” in Europe.
“Moreover, it is obvious to us who is the initiator,” he said.
In In this regard, Lukashenka called the joint exercises conducted by Belarus and Russia extremely important. Such maneuvers, according to him, are critically important for the Union State.”
“Due to the way both NATO and Ukraine are behaving, which aspires to go there,” he added, “that's why we want to learn” .
As it was announced earlier, during February, Belarus will conduct a test of the reaction forces of the Union State and the exercise “Allied Resolve-2022”, in which it is planned to involve almost all the Armed Forces of Belarus. 35, S-400 Triumf and Pantsir-S air defense systems.
Psychological warfare methods will be used
Using psychological warfare methods, Russia can not only demoralize the Ukrainian army, but also get concessions from Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky on many important issues. The American magazine Forbes wrote about this.
The publication notes that “despite promises to take decisive action against NATO, Russia does not plan to carry out an offensive on the territory of Ukraine.”
It is also noted that Western countries devote a lot of time to negotiations. “But without understanding the motivation of Vladimir Putin, all our efforts not only do not reduce, but even increase the tension between Russia and Ukraine,” the article concludes.
The American magazine urged “to take seriously Moscow’s statements” about NATO “to prevent a worse course of events.”
“If nothing changes in the near future, the war could start regardless of the decisions of the Russian president,” Forbes warns.
The publication believes that in this case, the Russian armed forces will meet with a large and self-confident, but much worse equipped Ukrainian army. The Russian air force will quickly ensure air supremacy, and hacker attacks will target government websites and social networks in Ukraine.
“But, in addition to capturing enemy infrastructure, the Russians are ready to start a battle in the minds of the entire Ukrainian people, using methods of psychological warfare, the publication warned. “In this scenario, the citizens of Ukraine simply will not have the will to resist the Russian troops.”
These methods have been known since the time of the Chinese strategist Sun Tzu and the Prussian strategist Carl von Clausewitz. The United States itself used them during the Gulf War in 1991.
“The main task of psychological warfare in a possible conflict between Russia and Ukraine is to create the perception that the Russians can destroy any target at the touch of a single button , says the magazine. “After influencing social networks and disrupting the communications of the Ukrainian army, Ukrainian field commanders will decide that their situation is hopeless. Frightened in this way, the enemy will convince himself that he ultimately has only two choices left: to surrender or shoot himself.
Using methods of psychological warfare, the newspaper writes, Russia can target “the most influential person in Ukraine”, that is, against Volodymyr Zelensky, and convince him to refuse the patronage of the United States and NATO or agree to the deployment of peacekeepers to the territory of Donbass in order to stop hostilities in this region for a long time.
In early January, Kazakhstan, the second largest state in the CIS, experienced an attempted coup d'état. Some experts have described what happened as a “hybrid terrorist attack”, when civilians were used as human shields. Under the guise of a peaceful protest, well-trained and armed professionals acted. Law enforcement agencies still have a lot of work to clarify all the details of what happened. But it is already clear today that the decisive steps taken by President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev made it possible to avoid heavy casualties and the transition of the so-called protests into a civil war.
The main lesson that the leadership of Kazakhstan learned from what happened is the need to reform the political and economic system in the country.
Of course, the republic's economy will not collapse, even from the “temporary fright” of Western partners. Since independence, the largest industries have grown dozens of times in volume, GDP has also more than doubled. Foreign investors who have invested more than $100 billion in business in the republic will definitely not turn their backs on Kazakhstan. President Tokayev will most likely adhere to the balanced international policy pursued by Nursultan Nazarbayev: to be friends with both the East and the West, guided by his own national interests.
Becoming the leader of the majority is the main challenge for Tokayev. The President of Kazakhstan noted the aggravated problem of social inequality in the republic and the inaccessibility of state support for ordinary citizens. The government was instructed to develop a set of measures to control inflation, and within two months to adopt a program to increase the income of the population.
Immediately in the wake of the tragic events, on behalf of the President, a social public fund “To the People of Kazakhstan” was created, which will deal with real problems in the field of healthcare, education, and social support. So far, business is expectedly in no hurry to participate in this initiative. But with the right political will and the right arguments, the government will be able to convince the largest corporations.
Remarkably, the first company to invest 10 billion tenge in this fund was the most successful company of the new formation – Kaspi, which over the past three years has turned from a commercial bank into the first fintech platform in Kazakhstan that combines classic financial services with retail, market- place and other modern digital services. In 2020, Kaspi.kz, founded by Vyacheslav Kim together with his friend and partner, Chairman of the Board of the Bank Mikhail Lomtadze, held the most successful IPO in the history of Kazakhstani business in London, following which investors valued the company at $6.5 billion. Unlike many people featured in the Kazakh Forbes, Vyacheslav Kim did not privatize state property in the 1990s and 2000s, but created a company from scratch and achieved success already under the new president of Kazakhstan. However, even before the creation of the state fund, Kim was independently involved in charity work together with the Sabi fund of Kenes Rakishev and Asel Tasmagambetova, just helping to develop small businesses. It is also no coincidence that it was Rakishev and Tasmagambetova, who annually invest hundreds of thousands of dollars together with the Kaspi shareholder to support small businesses, also became donators to the People of Kazakhstan fund.
However, Kazakhstanis should not flatter themselves, that all the oligarchs of the republic will follow the example of Kim, Rakishev and Tasmagambetova.
President Tokayev and his new government have a very big and difficult job to do. The change of the ruling elite, which the new leader has now actively taken up, does not yet promise automatic prosperity for all the people. Kazakhstan, like Russia, and any other republic in the post-Soviet space, will have to move long and hard towards a market economy. But the events of January 2022 may accelerate this process and make Kazakhstan a leader in emerging economies.
Warsaw supplied Kiev with MANPADS
Man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) “Thunder”, which the Polish authorities transferred to Ukraine, would be very useful for Kiev. The Drive writes about this, the authors of which evaluated the weapons supplied to the Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU).
Photo: facebook.com /MinistryofDefence.UA
The publication notes that Russia, allegedly in the event of a possible “invasion”, will use helicopters and attack aircraft, against which MANPADS are especially effective.
In Moscow, we recall, they have repeatedly denied plans for an “invasion to Ukraine, noting that the West is deliberately escalating the situation on the Russian-Ukrainian border.
“MANPADS can threaten all types of aircraft, from fighters to helicopters, especially those that do not have reliable infrared countermeasure systems,” – The article says.
At the same time, the authors note that it is unclear exactly what modifications of the Thunder will Ukraine receive and how effective they are s against modern Russian aircraft, including drones.
The publication also drew attention to the fact that the “Grom” is similar to the Igla MANPADS already in service with the Armed Forces of Ukraine. This, according to the authors, reduces the time for training Ukrainian military personnel.
He will not comply with them, no matter what he says
In early February, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky made a statement in which he said that his country was responsible for the Minsk agreements, and he knows who is to carry them out. However, political scientists believe that the Ukrainian leader will not comply with them, even despite his loud statements.
Photo: president.gov .ua
In his statement, Zelensky also stressed that the Minsk agreements were born of the Normandy format, which works. At the same time, he noted that these agreements are far from ideal, and Kiev is fighting to ensure that “at least some format works.”
In an interview with RIA FAN, Ivan Skorikov, head of the Ukraine department of the Institute of CIS Countries, explained, that Zelensky will not comply with the Minsk agreements, no matter what he says to Western partners. The political scientist also added that the Ukrainian president in his speech called the country's authorities “adult boys”.
According to the expert, Zelensky wanted to draw a parallel with the fact that his country is young, but already quite mature and responsible. However, Skorikov believes that it turned out, rather, “about an infantile uncle” who behaves like a “little liar.” The political scientist stressed that “for the inner listener” everything has already been said by NSDC Secretary Oleksiy Danilov, who said that the implementation of the Minsk agreements would lead to the destruction of Ukraine.
Skorikov believes that Zelensky is afraid of accusations of betrayal if he starts to comply Minsk agreements. Moreover, according to the political scientist, the “Nazi militarists” are fed by his rival, former President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko, who plays the role of the main “hawk” in Ukrainian politics.
Nevertheless, according to Skorikov, Zelensky does not can abandon the Minsk agreements, which were approved by the UN, in the external arena. The political scientist stressed that the Ukrainian leader is constantly looking for some “new, parallel formats”, but Russia continues to point out to Kiev that the agreements are observed.
Read also:Psaki: the United States no longer consider Russia's “invasion” of Ukraine “inevitable”.
Dmitry Peskov confirmed to reporters that Vladimir Putin had indeed received the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov. The meeting took place on February 2 in the evening in the Kremlin.
Peskov clarified that the meeting discussed “household affairs”; and “issues of socio-economic development” republics. Kadyrov, according to him, came to Putin with specific themes on economic projects.
The Kremlin speaker also said that in a conversation with Kadyrov, the subject of the work of law enforcement agencies was touched upon, but refrained from any details. “That's all I can say about this meeting,” Peskov said, answering a clarifying question whether the Kremlin discussed & nbsp; the situation around the persecution of the Yangulbaev family and threats against journalists and human rights activists.
«I gave the wording on this conversation that I could give. I have nothing more to add,” said & nbsp; he
The journalists tried to ask Dmitry Peskov a number of more questions about the content of the conversation taking place in Chechnya and the attitude of the president to this, but the press secretary left them without comment.
Answering a question from Bloomberg “Is Putin afraid of Kadyrov?” Peskov asked again: “Why should Putin be afraid of the head of the Russian region?”.
He also noted that the Kremlin does not believe that the situation in Chechnya has under the control of the federal government. “Each region has its own agenda,” Peskov stressed.
Russian President Vladimir Putin and French President Emmanuel Macron had a telephone conversation in which they discussed the situation around Ukraine and security guarantees, the Kremlin press service reports.
« The exchange of views on the situation around Ukraine and issues related to the provision of long-term, legally secured security guarantees to Russia was continued,— The report says.
In addition, the presidents agreed on the following telephone conversations and the study of the possibility of holding a personal meeting.
The previous conversation between Putin and Macron took place on January 28. The Russian president named to his French colleague the topics that the US and NATO ignored in their written responses to Moscow's proposals in the field of security guarantees. Among them— the inadmissibility of the expansion of the North Atlantic Alliance to the east, the refusal to deploy strike weapons systems near Russian borders and return the bloc to the positions of 1997.
According to Putin, Western countries ignored the key issue of how the United States and its allies will follow the principle of the indivisibility of security in the documents of the OSCE and the Council of Russia— NATO, according to which no one should strengthen their security at the expense of the security of other countries. Russia will decide on further actions after fully studying the responses of the United States and NATO.
In addition, the heads of state again discussed the situation in Ukraine. According to the Kremlin, Putin pointed out to Macron the importance of Kiev's implementation of the Minsk agreements and the establishment of a dialogue with the self-proclaimed DPR and LPR.
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The British Foreign Office has threatened to freeze the assets of those who support the “aggressive actions of the Kremlin” The package of sanctions against Russia will be ready by February 10, it includes freezing the assets of individuals and companies that “share responsibility for the aggressive and destabilizing actions of the Kremlin”, as well as a ban on entry to Britain
The UK has prepared a bill on sanctions against Russia in the event of its aggression against Ukraine, they will affect companies and individuals that are “significant to the Kremlin”, said British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss .
“This will be the toughest sanctions regime we've ever had on Russia and mark the biggest change in our approach since leaving the European Union,”” tagged Truss.
According to her, the package of sanctions that Britain is working on will be approved by 10 February. London will have the power to impose restrictions on those who “share responsibility for the aggressive and destabilizing actions of the Kremlin.”
“Their assets in the UK will be frozen. British businesses or individuals will not be able to do business with them,— Truss said. The restrictions also include a ban on entering the UK.
The fact that London is preparing to tighten sanctions against Moscow, Truss announced the day before. According to her, the bill provides for restrictions against the property of “Russian oligarchs”; and any “interesting to the Kremlin” companies, and not just related to the situation in Ukraine. The Foreign Minister promised that individuals and businesses that “serve as the backbone of the Russian state” “will not be able to hide.”
According to The Times sources, Britain may impose sanctions against Russian energy companies. The restrictions may also affect other sectors of the economy, the newspaper reported.
Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov said that the threat of sanctions against Russian business in the UK— this is a cause for concern for international financial and business structures. He promised that Moscow would respond with countermeasures in the event of an “attack on Russian business.”
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Biden decided to appoint Bridget Brink as ambassador to Ukraine, Kiev has not yet approved the candidacy Biden chose the candidacy of Bridget Brink, who heads the diplomatic mission in Slovakia. Kiev has not yet approved it
US President Joe Biden has chosen a candidate for the post of ambassador to Ukraine, CNN reports, citing sources in Washington and Kiev. We are talking about Bridget Brink, who is now head of the American diplomatic mission in Slovakia. The information is confirmed by Bloomberg sources.
CNN notes that Brink has not been officially nominated because the US has not yet received the approval of the Ukrainian government, which may take up to several weeks. According to a channel source close to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, the country's authorities are negotiating her appointment.
A senior Ukrainian official stressed that this is a standard check, the process is proceeding without delay, since Washington nominated Brink about a week ago .
The position of the American ambassador to Ukraine has remained vacant since May 2019, when the previous head of the diplomatic mission, Marie Yovanovitch, was recalled to Washington. Donald Trump was then President of the United States. According to The Wall Street Journal, Trump's lawyer Rudolph Giuliani claimed that the ambassador prevented him from “persuading” Kiev authorities to launch an investigation against the company Burisma, in which Hunter Biden worked— son of the current head of state. Chargé d'Affaires Christina Quinn is currently representing the United States in Ukraine.
Brink became the US Ambassador to Slovakia in July 2019. She previously served on the National Security Council and in the US embassies in Serbia, Uzbekistan, and Georgia. Foreign Policy wrote last December that Biden was considering appointing her to Ukraine.
In January, amid tensions over Ukraine and Western fears that Russia might be preparing to attack a neighboring country (Moscow is denies) a number of states announced the departure of some diplomats and family members from Kiev, including the United States. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky was disappointed in the actions of countries, saying that Kiev needs the support of allies on the spot.
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Prime Minister of Latvia: the country will send military instructors to Ukraine Latvian instructors will work together with Canadian ones who have been training the Ukrainian military since 2020. They “will help to strengthen the assistance provided to Ukraine,” said Prime Minister Krisjanis Karins ” alt=”Latvia will send military instructors to Ukraine” />
Latvia will send instructor soldiers to Ukraine, Prime Minister Krisjanis Karins said, Delfi reports. The Latvian instructors will work together with the Canadian ones who are already in the country and “will help to strengthen the assistance provided to Ukraine.”
Chairman of the For Development/For! in the Seimas (unicameral parliament), Juris Puce indicated that on Tuesday, February 1, the government will consider this proposal, and the Seimas will decide on the participation of Latvian military personnel in the program to support the development of the armed forces of Ukraine, which is coordinated by Canada.
On January 20, Politico, citing sources in the US administration, reported that the US State Department approved the request of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania to transfer to Ukraine some of their American-made weapons.
The next day, the defense ministers of the three Baltic countries announced that they would send Stinger man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS) and Javelin anti-tank missile systems (ATGM) to Ukraine. “Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are united in our commitment to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine in the face of ongoing Russian aggression,” The heads of the Ministry of Defense said in a joint statement.
Canadian military instructors have been training the Ukrainian military since 2020, Major Amber Bino, spokeswoman for the Special Operations Forces Command, said. They will continue to be in Ukraine as part of Operation Unifier until 2025, the Canadian authorities announced earlier.
On January 18, Global News wrote that Canada had deployed part of the special forces to Ukraine, which, among other things, will help in the evacuation of Canadian diplomats in in the event of a “full-scale invasion”. Bino did not confirm this.
Last week, NATO announced the transfer of frigates and fighter jets to the countries of Eastern Europe, despite repeated denials of plans for aggression by the Kremlin. The North Atlantic Alliance will not deploy military forces in Ukraine, Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said.
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State Department: Russia handed over to the United States a response to proposals to de-escalate the Ukrainian crisis According to him, the United States considers a public discussion of the answer “unproductive” and leaves the choice to Moscow
Russia gave the United States a written response to proposals to de-escalate the situation around Ukraine, Reuters reports, citing a representative of the State Department (his name not named). The Washington Post also writes about this.
“We can confirm that we have received a written response from Russia,” — reported in the department. Tamne began to disclose the contents of the document, indicating that the United States considers “unproductive” its public discussion, and this issue should be decided by Moscow: “Let's leave it up to Russia.”
“We remain fully committed to dialogue to resolve these issues and will continue to consult closely with our allies and partners, including Ukraine»,— added a State Department spokesman.
Russia sent its response to the United States ahead of a telephone conversation between Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Secretary of State Anthony Blinken, due on Tuesday, February 1.
The Russian side handed over to the US and NATO its requirements for security guarantees in December last year. Among the main points were the alliance's refusal to expand to the east, to include the former republics of the USSR in its composition, to conduct military activities on the territory of Ukraine and not to deploy the bloc's military forces on the territory of countries that were not members of the alliance in 1997. In early January, three rounds of talks were held in Europe with representatives of the United States, NATO and the OSCE, but they ended without concrete results. In this regard, Moscow requested written responses to its proposals.
Washington and the North Atlantic Alliance transmitted their responses on 26 January. Lavrov said that Moscow did not see in them a positive reaction to Russia's main provision of non-expansion of NATO. According to the minister, a serious dialogue is possible only on minor issues. President Vladimir Putin also pointed out that Washington and Brussels did not take into account “Moscow's fundamental concerns” in their responses.
At the same time, Lavrov called the US response “a model of diplomatic decency.” compared to the document received from NATO. According to US Ambassador to Russia John Sullivan, the United States response paves the way for de-escalation and diplomacy. It contains proposals for measures for mutual transparency, including armaments in Ukraine, exercises in Europe, potential arms control measures, and also takes into account a number of Russian concerns, the diplomat said.
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Ukrainian Foreign Minister Kuleba: Kiev needs details on the withdrawal of part of the troops of the Western Military District of Russia According to Kuleba, the announcement of the withdrawal of troops is a positive signal, but Kiev needs more information
Ukraine needs to get more detailed information about the withdrawal of part of the troops of the Western Military District (ZVO) in Russia. This was stated by the head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry Dmitry Kuleba, Interfax-Ukraine reports. It is necessary to have more detailed information about what actually happened, and only after that it will be possible to draw conclusions, — he said, adding that Ukraine remains distrustful of Russia's actions and statements.
In the spring of 2021, Ukraine and Western countries also announced the pulling of Russian troops to the Ukrainian border, Russia explained this with exercises. In April, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu ordered the return of the military to their places of permanent deployment, but, according to Kuleba, there was practically no withdrawal of troops and the situation along the borders of Ukraine remained unchanged.
According to the Foreign Minister, Russia's announcement of the withdrawal of troops— this is a positive signal. “On the other hand, at the moment it is not known exactly where the relevant units are withdrawn from, to what extent and in what way this withdrawal contributes to the de-escalation of the situation,” — Kuleba believes.
The troops and forces of the Western Military District are deployed on the territory of 26 regions, including the Bryansk, Voronezh and Kursk regions, which border Ukraine. On January 29, the Ministry of Defense announced that the troops and aviation of the Western Military District were returning to their bases upon completion of the planned combat readiness check.
On January 11, against the background of the aggravation of the situation around Ukraine, Russia began exercises in the Smolensk, Belgorod, Bryansk and Voronezh regions. The maneuvers involved about 3,000 servicemen and 300 units of military equipment, including BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles, T-72B3 tanks and standard small arms. The servicemen practiced test firing from small arms and practiced “combat coordination” various formations.
Western countries have been talking in recent months about a build-up of Russian troops near the Ukrainian border, they believe that Russia is preparing to invade a neighboring country. Moscow claims that it has no aggressive plans towards Kiev, and calls the movement of troops inside the country an internal matter.
Reduce the “fiction” Ukraine also asked about the upcoming attack on the country, noting that it harms the country's economy. President Volodymyr Zelensky has repeatedly urged citizens not to panic over reports of a possible Russian invasion.
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Folha de Sao Paulo: US wants to cancel Bolsonaro's visit to Moscow due to Ukrainian crisis According to the newspaper, American diplomats believe that Bolsonaro's trip to Russia amid rising tensions over Ukraine will indicate that “Brazil is taking a side in the conflict”
The United States is exerting diplomatic pressure on the Brazilian authorities to cancel President Jair Bolsonaro's February trip to Moscow. This is reported by the publication Folha de Sao Paulo, citing diplomatic sources.
The newspaper calls these actions an attempt to isolate Russian President Vladimir Putin amid rising tensions on the Russian-Ukrainian border.
On January 30, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken, during a telephone conversation with Brazilian Foreign Minister Carlos França, expressed concern that “Bolsonaro's visit to Russia could be interpreted as a sign that Brazil is taking a side in the conflict,” the newspaper said. According to sources, according to American diplomats, the trip will indicate that “Brazil supports the Kremlin's actions in Eastern Europe, legitimizes what the United States considers a violation of international law.”
During the conversation, Blinken did not urged to cancel the trip outright, however, the newspaper writes, the US makes it clear that “Washington is working to ensure that the trip does not take place.”
According to the sources of the publication, the administration of US President Joe Biden believes that the cancellation or postponement of the trip will demonstrate that “Putin is in danger of diplomatic isolation if he does not reduce his military presence near the border with Ukraine.” A similar message, according to the newspaper, was sent to Argentina: President Alberto Fernandez will visit Moscow on February 3.
The US embassy in Brazil told the newspaper that the United States and some other states are concerned about Russia's “destabilizing role in Eastern Europe” and countries, including Brazil, “have a responsibility to uphold democratic principles.”
The Brazilian authorities are not going to cancel Bolsonaro's trip, the Foreign Ministry stressed that it does not mean support for any side, writes Folha de Sao Paulo. At the meeting, the presidents are going to discuss bilateral relations. The exact dates of the visit have not yet been announced.
On January 31, in an interview with Record TV, Bolsonaro said that he was not going to raise the topic of aggravation between Moscow and Kiev at a meeting with Putin. According to him, if the discussion is initiated, then only at the suggestion of the Russian president.
Moscow has repeatedly said that it has no aggressive plans towards other countries. At the end of December, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that the approaches of the Russian authorities in matters of foreign policy are becoming more popular in the world, and if you look “at the calendar of external contacts of the Russian leadership, it becomes clear that all the talk about the isolation of Russia” this is from the evil one.
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The State Department ordered the evacuation of family members of US government employees from Belarus due to “Russian military activity” .
“The US Department of State has ordered family members of US government employees located in Belarus to leave the country immediately,” the department said in a statement.
It is specified that such actions were taken against the backdrop of “unusual and worrying military activity” by Russia on the border with Ukraine. Americans in Belarus should understand that the situation in the region is “unpredictable.”
Let us recall that Western countries and Kiev have recently expressed concern about the alleged increase in “aggressive actions” by the Russian Federation near borders of Ukraine. Russia denied such accusations and noted that it was not going to attack anyone.
Member of the Federation Council of Russia, Chairman of the Commission on Information Policy and Interaction with the Media Alexei Pushkov expressed his opinion about the goal of the joint “draconian” campaigns widely announced by Western countries. sanctions against Russia.
photo frame from video
As the senator wrote in his Telegram channel, in this matter absolutely nothing to do with some “threat of Russian invasion” against Ukraine.
“The loudly announced anti-Russian sanctions of the Western alliance… should prevent any reaction of the Russian Federation to the pumping of Ukraine with weapons and its military development… This is their main point,” Pushkov is sure.
The press service of the US State Department issued a statement saying that Washington received a response from Moscow to a proposal to de-escalate the situation around Ukraine.
The US Foreign Office reaffirmed the US commitment to a diplomatic path to resolve international security issues, including the crisis around Ukraine.
"We confirm that we have received a written response from Russia …. Let's leave it to Russia's discretion whether it wants to discuss its response,” the document cited by RIA Novosti says.
The State Department also stressed that they consider it unproductive to negotiate in public space.
SpaceX carried out the launch of the Falcon 9 carrier rocket with the Italian radar satellite for remote sensing of the Earth COSMO-SkyMed, according to the website of the American company.
The launch took place at 18:11 in time East Coast of the United States (02:11 Moscow time Tuesday) from the site of the John F. Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
The launch of the Falcon 9 launch vehicle with the Italian radar satellite was postponed four times. It was originally scheduled for January 27.
Three times SpaceX had to postpone it for 24 hours due to adverse weather conditions in the Cape Canaveral area. The day before, the launch was postponed due to “the presence of a sea ship in the danger zone.”
Earlier it became known that the American company SpaceX launched a Falcon 9 launch vehicle with a batch of 49 Starlink satellites.
Story New type of coronavirus pandemic spreading from China
Vector press service announced that the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation extended the expiration date of the EpiVacCorona coronavirus vaccine up to 9 and 10 months, reports TASS.
It is reported that for the drug, manufactured at Rospotrebnadzor expiration date is 10 months, for industrial sites “Vector-Bialgam” and “Geropharm” — 9 months».
Earlier it was reported that the head of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation Mikhail Murashko signed an order approving the list of medical contraindications for vaccination against coronavirus.
From the document it follows that it is impossible to be vaccinated by those who who have allergies and hypersensitivity to the components of the drug. Severe complications after vaccination are also a contraindication.
Patients diagnosed with malignant neoplasms cannot be vaccinated with CoviVac, EpiVacCorona; and “EpiVacCorona-N”.
Contraindications for vaccination with “KoviVac”, “Sputnik Light”, “EpiVacCorona”, “EpiVacCorona-N” and “Sputnik M” are pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Cloudy weather is predicted in the Russian capital on Tuesday, February 1, according to the official website of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.
“Cloudy. Occasional precipitation (snow, sleet). Black ice,” the message says.
Daytime air temperature in the city will be from minus one degree to plus one degree.
South and southwest wind at a speed of five to ten meters per second. Atmospheric pressure – 734 millimeters of mercury.
On Wednesday night, cloudy weather, light snow and sleet are predicted in the capital. Wind south and southwest at a speed of six to 11 meters per second. The thermometers can drop to minus five degrees. Atmospheric pressure will be 737 millimeters of mercury.
Earlier the scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center Roman Vilfand said that “festive weather” is expected in Moscow and the Moscow region on February 1.
At the same time employee of the meteorological center “Phobos” Evgeny Tishkovets said that frosts in the Russian capital could reach minus 15 degrees by February 5.
Plot The spread of a new strain of coronavirus “omicron”
Virologist of the Center. N.F. Gamaleya Anatoly Altshtein stated that the high risk of infection of children with the strain “omicron” associated with his better ability to “cling” for cell receptors, the Izvestia newspaper writes.
According to the scientist, children are more resistant to coronavirus infection compared to adults.
“But since” omicron ” is the most contagious, it breaks through this protection in children. Most likely, the greater contagiousness of the omicron strain for children compared to the “delta” due to the fact that they have fewer receptors on the surface of cells in the respiratory tract. For infection with “delta” these receptors are missing. “Omicron” more contagious, and with fewer of these receptors, it causes an infection,” — he said.
In addition, the new strain is able to suppress the body's production of interferon —
Earlier, Sergey Netesov, a virologist at Novosibirsk State University, expressed the opinion that the fifth wave of coronavirus that came to Russia could last up to four months, and also stressed that at present, herd immunity in the country is still very small and amounts to about 60%.
Earlier, Rospotrebnadzor said that the appearance of irritation and a rash on the skin may indicate a disease with an omicron-strain of coronavirus.
Almost two dozen warships and support vessels of the Pacific Fleet took part in scheduled exercises with firing at the combat training grounds of the Sea of Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk, RIA Novosti reports with reference to the press service of the fleet.
The crews of the ships will work out joint maneuvering, interaction with naval aviation, and air defense of the detachment, the department specified. At the final stage, the ships will carry out artillery and rocket firing. As the press service said, they will work out the tasks of ensuring the security of maritime communications and areas of maritime economic activity in the eastern territories of the Russian Federation.
Among the ships taking participation in naval exercises, Thundering”, “Perfect”, “Loud” and “Hero of the Russian Federation Aldar Tsydenzhapov”, the frigate “Marshal Shaposhnikov”, “ships” “Admiral Panteleev” and “Marshal Krylov”. “Small missile and small anti-submarine ships, minesweepers and missile boats will be involved in the episodes.”
Teachings are carried out in accordance with the training plan of the RF Armed Forces for the current year. They are led by the commander-in-chief & nbsp; Navy Admiral Nikolai Evmenov. The main focus of the activities is to work out actions to protect Russian national interests in the World Ocean and counter threats to the Russian Federation.
The day before, detachments of warships of the Black Sea Fleet returned to the permanent bases of the Crimean and Novorossiysk naval bases after exercises in the Black Sea sea.
It was also reported that the ships of the Russian Navy conducted firing exercises in the Black Sea. The participants of the maneuvers worked out the actions of the fleet to protect Russian interests in the oceans.
About 78% of Russians said that a four-day work week is better than a five-day one. This was reported by RIA Novosti with reference to a study conducted by the Rabota.ru service.
More than 5,000 people from all regions of the country took part in the survey. Most of the respondents agreed that three days off a week is better than two. At the same time, 47% of respondents noted that their company is not ready to switch to a four-day period.
About 21% of respondents believe that such a transition is quite real, but it will take more than six months. Another 15% believe that shortening the working week will take several months, and 11% suggested that several weeks will be enough. The readiness of the company to switch to a four-day work right now was announced by 6% of respondents.
Over 70% of Russians agree that the reduction of working days will have a positive impact on the team's performance, another 25% noted that this will not affect the productivity of employees in any way.
Earlier, the Russians told on what basis they chose their future profession. About 27% said they were influenced by their interests or hobbies.
Nurlan Nigmatulin, speaker of the Kazakh lower house of parliament, has submitted his resignation The head of the Kazakh lower house of parliament Nurlan Nigmatulin has submitted his resignation. His mandate was handed over to the head of the presidential administration, Yerlan Koshanov, who was registered as a deputy on the same day and elected as the new speaker
The speaker of the Mazhilis (lower house) of the Parliament of Kazakhstan, Nurlan Nigmatulin, has submitted his resignation, according to a statement on the website of the Central Election Commission of the country. ,— The report said.
The vacant mandate, which became vacant after Nigmatulin's departure, was handed over to the head of the presidential administration of Kazakhstan, Yerlan Koshanov, the CEC website says. On February 1, he was registered as a deputy from the ruling Nur Otan party.
After that, a meeting of the Mazhilis was held, where Koshanov was unanimously elected as the new speaker, Sputnik Kazakhstan reports.
Nigmatulin also did not enter the political council of the Nur Otan party approved on February 1. In addition to him, the daughter of ex-President Nursultan Nazarbayev Dariga and former Prime Minister Askar Mamin left there. In total, the political council included nine people, including the head of state and the head of Nur Otan. Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev and Koshanov.
In Kazakhstan, after protests in early January due to higher prices for liquefied gas, which is the main fuel for cars, reshuffling of senior positions in government bodies and large companies continues. The day before, the President signed a decree on the dismissal of the akim (mayor) of Alma-Ata Bakytzhan Sagintaev with the wording “in connection with the transfer to another job.” /p> Subscribe to Instagram RBC Get news faster than anyone else
The former head of the presidential administration of Kazakhstan was elected speaker of the lower house of parliament The resignation of the former and the election of a new speaker of the lower house of the parliament of Kazakhstan took place on the same day media/img/9/80/756436942645809.jpg” alt=”Kazakhstan elected a new head of the Mazhilis” />
The former head of the presidential administration of Kazakhstan, Yerlan Koshanov, was elected speaker of the lower house of the Kazakh Parliament (Mazhilis). This was reported by the press service of the Parliament of Kazakhstan.
Today, Koshanov was registered as a deputy and became a speaker.
Since 2019, Koshanov has led the administration of President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev. His predecessor as speaker, Nurlan Nigmatulin, has submitted his resignation.
The country's Central Election Commission approved Nigmatulin's resignation. The mandate of the deputy, which had become vacant, was transferred to Koshanov. The CEC immediately registered him as a deputy from the ruling Nur Otan party. After that, a meeting of the Mazhilis was held, at which Koshanov was unanimously elected as the new speaker.
Nigmatulin also did not enter the political council of the Nur Otan party approved on February 1. In addition, the daughter of former President Nursultan Nazarbayev Dariga and ex-Prime Minister Askar Mamin left the political council. In total, it included nine people, including Tokayev.
On January 28, Tokayev was elected chairman of the ruling party, replacing Nursultan Nazarbayev, who had led it since its founding in 1999. About plans to transfer the chairmanship to “Nur Otan” The first president spoke to Tokaev earlier, saying that he “possesses full power”; and there is no conflict in the political elite of Kazakhstan.
Numerous reshuffles in the political leadership of Kazakhstan, which were accompanied by the resignations of people close to Nazarbayev, began after the suppression of the riots that swept across the country since January 2. As a result, the ex-president lost all the posts left behind him, and Tokayev received full power in the country.
Nazarbayev has been the president of Kazakhstan since 1990. In March 2019, he resigned, after which elections were held in the republic, which Tokayev won. At the same time, Nazarbayev retained the posts of head of the Security Council, leader of Nur Otan, member of the Constitutional Council and head of the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan (ANK).
Experts regarded what is happening in Kazakhstan as an example of a smooth transition of power with Nazarbayev retaining control over the main processes.
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Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko denied that the United States sent a response on security guarantees Earlier, the State Department reported that they had received a Russian response to the US January proposals. The Russian Foreign Ministry said that this message is not true
Deputy Foreign Minister Alexander Grushko denied the transfer of Russia's response to the US on security guarantees, RIA Novosti reports.
“This message is not true,” — he said.
The agency also writes, citing a senior diplomatic source, that Moscow continues to prepare a “consolidated” response to US and NATO response on security assurances.
Earlier, Reuters reported that the United States received a written response from Russia, citing a representative of the US State Department, and also wrote The Washington Post. “We can confirm that we have received a written response from Russia,” — the department said. They considered it “unproductive” public discussion of the document and stated that the issue is left to the discretion of Russia.
Also on Tuesday, it became known that Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov sent the heads of the foreign ministries of the countries — members of NATO and the OSCE security message. It is reported by “RIA Novosti” with reference to the Russian Embassy in Finland, which transmitted the message. It requires organizations to explain how they intend to fulfill their obligation not to enhance their security at the expense of the security of others, and if they do not, explain why.
Tuesday, 1 February , Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Secretary of State Anthony Blinken are scheduled to have a telephone conversation.
Russia handed over draft security treaties to the US and NATO in mid-December. Moscow's main demand is NATO's renunciation of eastward expansion. The documents also spelled out the creation of military bases in Europe, arms control and the renunciation of military activities in Ukraine.
The United States and NATO transmitted their responses to Russian proposals at the end of January. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that there was no “positive reaction” in the response of the American side; to the question of NATO's non-expansion to the east.
“As for the content of the document, there is a reaction there that allows us to count on the start of a serious conversation, but on secondary issues. There is no positive reaction in this document on the main issue,— Lavrov said.
He also noted that the US response can be considered exemplary compared to NATO's response. “The answer from NATO is so ideological, it breathes so much with the exclusivity of the North Atlantic Alliance, its special mission, its special purpose, that I was just a little ashamed of those who wrote these texts,” — the minister explained.
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Polish Prime Minister Morawiecki: Warsaw will supply Ukraine with MANPADS and drones The exact list of weapons that Ukraine will receive from Poland will be drawn up after consultations during the visit of the Polish delegation to Kiev on February 1. On the same day, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson is also due to fly there