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The political scientist did not rule out the repetition of the tragic events in Kazakhstan

“In Russia, they no longer understand what is happening in the post-Soviet space”

From the tragic events in Kazakhstan in early January, it is important to draw the right conclusions not only for the leadership of the republic, but also in Russia and the CSTO . Otherwise, relapses are possible. This is the opinion of a political scientist, director of international projects at the Institute of National Strategy Yuri Solozobov.

Photo: Frame from video

One of the options for the further development of events in Kazakhstan, the analyst believes, is – “temporary lull, regrouping of militant forces and a new attack in an unexpected place.” “Since both the social basis for the protest and the criminal-Islamic fronde will be preserved,” says Yuri Solozobov's article, which was published in the National Defense magazine.

In this scenario, in the light of Tokayev's announcement, ” campaign against the oligarchs, help from shadow sponsors will increase, new phases will be required  counter-terrorist operation until “the infrastructure of terror is destroyed and funding channels are cut off.”

“Only every new entry of” peacekeepers on call ” will take place in a more dangerous environment and on much worse conditions,” the expert predicts.

He believes that the direct strengthening of the Russian group in Kazakhstan will also not lead to anything good, since “it will lead to regular attacks on the Russian military and further to the revival of the Basmachi movement.

The political scientist considers the conditionally “imperial” option to be the most optimal course of action. variant – “the planned development of a large area with an initially toxic and even hostile atmosphere.” “We have come to that dangerous frontier, which showed that with one swoop – propaganda, special operations and handshakes – not solve all the accumulated problems,” the political scientist noted.

Yuri Solozobov explained why Kazakhstan – a key element in ensuring strategic security for Russia. With this country, we have the longest common border in the world – more than 7,500 km. The land border is actually open. The destabilization of Kazakhstan immediately gives the militants access to the Trans-Siberian Railway, the Volga region, and oil and gas regions.

Among the main reasons for what happened in Kazakhstan, the political scientist named the following: dual power – Kazakhstan found itself in a situation of a protracted transit of power; poverty – Kazakhstan's abundant petrodollar revenues were distributed extremely unevenly; radicalism – with great social tension and a gap in incomes, a craving for social justice inevitably appears.

The demographic boom has led to the fact that more than half of the population – youth born after the collapse of the USSR. The proportion of marginalized youth is large – natives of the village, where criminal groups and communities of radical Islam thrive.

Taking into account the fact that the CSTO peacekeepers played an important role in stabilizing the situation, the political scientist proposed to increase the number of CSTO peacekeeping forces from 3.6 thousand military personnel to 10 thousand people.

It makes sense, the expert believes, to locate the CSTO Regional Headquarters in Kazakhstan – at the Zhetygen military airfield (formerly Nikolaevka), 50 km northeast of Alma-Ata.

The political scientist proposed developing CSTO ties with Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.

The main problem in Russia's relations and Kazakhstan, the political scientist called the lack of a clear foreign policy concept in relation to Kazakhstan. “The policy towards the most important partner in the EAEU is often subjective and even sometimes spontaneous, it does not take into account either the real interests of the Russian Federation or the allied interests of the partner countries,” the political scientist concluded.

New footage of the defeated Almaty after the riot in Kazakhstan

See related photo gallery

Источник www.mk.ru

Russian Su-35S fighters have begun to relocate to Belarus

Multipurpose fighters Su-35S of the Russian Aerospace Forces have begun to relocate to the territory of Belarus as part of an inspection of the reaction forces of the Union State, TASS reports.

According to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, in the course of carrying out flight missions fighter crews will practice flights at maximum range, landing at airfields, as well as joint preparations for re-flights with Belarusian specialists.

It is known that the test of the reaction forces of the Union State will take place in two stages and will last until February 20.

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The practical actions of the troops will be practiced at the airfields of Baranovichi, Luninets, Lida and Machulishchi, as well as at the Domanovsky, Gozhsky, Obuz-Lesnovsky, Brest and Osipovichsky training grounds.

Earlier head of the Russian Defense Ministry Sergei Shoigu also announced the formation of a regiment of MiG-31K fighters with Kinzhal missiles.

Источник aif.ru

Snow, icy conditions and up to minus four degrees are expected in Moscow on Saturday

Cloudy weather, snow and sleet are expected in Moscow on Saturday, January 22, according to the official website of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

According to weather forecasts, the air temperature in the capital will be from two to four degrees below zero. On Sunday night, the city can get as cold as minus eight.

On the territory of the Moscow region, it is expected to be from two to seven degrees below zero during the day. At night, the temperature in the region can drop to minus eleven degrees.

The wind is southeast and east at a speed of 5-10 meters per second. Atmospheric pressure will be about 742 millimeters of mercury.

Earlier, the scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center Roman Vilfand also said that this year the inhabitants of Russia should not wait for the early arrival of spring.

Источник aif.ru

Durov appreciated the idea of ​​the Central Bank to ban cryptocurrency in Russia

The ban of the Central Bank of Russia on the issuance, mining and circulation of cryptocurrency in the country will entail an outflow of IT specialists from the Russian Federation and the destruction of some sectors of the high-tech economy. This opinion was expressed by Telegram founder Pavel Durov in his messenger channel.

In his opinion, no developed country prohibits cryptocurrencies. Such a ban inevitably slows down the development of blockchain technologies in general, which increase the efficiency and safety of many types of human activity, Durov emphasized. will balance the distribution of forces in the international financial system. Durov believes that a total ban on cryptocurrencies “will hardly stop unscrupulous players, but will put an end to legal Russian projects in this area.”

Recall that on January 20, the Central Bank of Russia proposed mining and circulation of cryptocurrencies. According to the regulator, cryptocurrencies are in many ways similar to financial pyramids.

Источник aif.ru

WSJ learned about Germany’s refusal to allow Estonia to supply howitzers to Ukraine

WSJ: Germany did not allow Estonia to transfer D-30 howitzers to Ukraine. We are talking about the supply of 122-millimeter guns produced in the Soviet Union and deployed in the former East Germany. After the reunification of Germany, Berlin handed them over to Finland, and the latter handed them over to Estonia =”WSJ learned about the refusal of the Federal Republic of Germany to allow Estonia to supply howitzers to Ukraine” />

Germany refused to issue Estonia a permit for the export of German weapons to Ukraine, The Wall Street Journal writes, citing Estonian and German officials.

Unlike the United States, Great Britain, Poland and other allies, the German government refused to export deadly weapons to the country directly, the publication points out. Berlin also did not allow Estonia to send artillery to Ukraine because the guns “come from Germany”.

“The principle governing the export of weapons is always the same” regardless of whether it comes directly from Germany or third countries,— and no permission has been issued at this stage,— said a German government official. The Estonian cabinet, in turn, reported that they still expected to convince Germany. “We hope we get German approval,” — said Advisor to the Minister of Defense of the Republic Cristo Ann Vaga, noting that Tallinn wants to help Ukraine in any way possible.

We are talking about the supply of 122-mm D-30 howitzers, the publication clarifies. They were produced in the Soviet Union and stationed in the former East Germany. According to Estonian, Finnish and German officials, after German reunification, Berlin handed over the artillery pieces to Finland in the 1990s, which then sent them to Estonia in 2009.

21 January The Estonian Ministry of Defense reported that the head of the department, Kalle Laanet, and his colleagues from Latvia and Lithuania, Artis Pabriks and Arvydas Anusauskas, agreed with the United States on the supply of weapons to Ukraine. Thus, Estonia will transfer to the country the American Javelin anti-tank missile system, and Latvia and Lithuania— anti-aircraft missile system Stinger.

The head of the Ukrainian Defense Ministry, Alexei Reznikov, told the Financial Times last December that Germany was blocking the shipment of weapons to Kiev through the NATO Procurement and Procurement Agency. Because of this, the country will have to seek arms supplies through bilateral agreements with the United States, Great Britain, Lithuania and France.

As Bild wrote, citing sources, in the summer Angela Merkel, who was then Chancellor of Germany, personally spoke President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky that Berlin will continue to block arms supplies to Kiev through NATO, which it has been doing since spring.

However, by the end of Merkel's term, Germany's position has softened— presumably due to reports from the West about an impending “invasion” by Russia; to Ukraine. In November, Germany did not interfere with the decision to transfer drone detection systems to Kiev.

In addition, Germany refused to supply Ukraine with air defense systems, parts of anti-ship missiles and corvettes.

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US questioned Russia’s ability to shut off gas to Europe

US Ambassador to the UN Thomas-Greenfield does not believe that Russia can cut off gas to Europe US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield does not believe that Moscow can take this step in response to sanctions, as this would equally harm her

The US does not believe that Russia can shut off gas to Europe in response to sanctions. This was stated by the American Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield in an interview with the Rai 1 TV channel, her words are given on the website of the diplomatic mission.

“I believe that this would equally harm Russia, so it would not be in [the country's] interest to cut off the Europeans' access to the gas pipeline,” — she said, when asked if the Joe Biden administration had a plan in place in case diplomatic efforts failed and sanctions had to be imposed, which Russia could respond by cutting off gas supplies.

Bloomberg, in turn, citing sources familiar with this issue, reports that the Joe Biden administration is negotiating with Qatar about the possibility of supplying liquefied natural gas to Europe in the event of “aggression” Russia against Ukraine and sanctions against it. According to two interlocutors, the president plans to invite Emir Tamim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani to visit the United States, possibly as early as late January. As Bloomberg notes, some European countries fear that tough sanctions against Russia, which the West has threatened in the event of an escalation, could hurt their economies and prompt President Vladimir Putin to stop or reduce gas supplies in the winter.

In response to possible aggression against Ukraine, the West threatened Moscow with unprecedented sanctions. CNN, citing sources, reported that the White House is discussing several options for restrictions. Persons from Putin's inner circle, energy companies and banks can fall under them. Sanctions can also be applied against public debt. Among the radical measures were the disconnection of Russia from the international interbank system for transmitting information about payments made SWIFT and limiting the conversion of the ruble.

Democrats and Republicans in the US Congress have already presented their options for restrictive measures against Russia in the event of an “invasion” to Ukraine, they affect, among other things, Putin and his entourage, Russian banks and public debt.

In autumn, gas futures prices in Europe reached record levels. In early October, the price of fuel for the first time in history exceeded $1.9 thousand. Another jump took place in December. Then the exchange price for the first time in history rose above $2,000 per 1,000 cubic meters. m.

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The United States allowed the evacuation of families of embassy employees in Ukraine

CNN learned the deadline for the possible evacuation of the families of the US Embassy diplomats from Ukraine .rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/5/88/756428439256885.jpg” alt=”The United States allowed the families of embassy employees in Ukraine to be evacuated” />

The US Embassy in Ukraine has asked the State Department to allow non-essential personnel and their families to leave the country. The evacuation could begin as early as next week, CNN correspondents Matthew Chance and Natasha Bertrand report, citing sources familiar with the matter.

will begin evacuating the families of diplomats as early as next week,— the message says.

A State Department spokesman said he had “nothing to announce” at this time, adding that the department was doing thorough contingency planning “as we always do when the security situation worsens.” The representative of the embassy declined to comment to the TV channel.

A source close to the Ukrainian government told CNN that Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky discussed a possible evacuation of embassy staff with US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken. According to the interlocutor of the channel, the Ukrainian leader said that if Washington takes such a step, it will be an “overreaction”.

The day before, Bloomberg, citing sources, also wrote that the United States are considering the possibility of evacuating diplomats from Ukraine due to the situation around the alleged “Russian invasion”.

According to the plan, family members of diplomats can be taken out on a mandatory basis, and non-essential embassy staff will be able to leave at will. According to the agency, an official announcement about the beginning of the evacuation could be published within a few days.

In total, about 180 US citizens and 560 hired Ukrainian citizens work at the US embassy in Ukraine. This number does not include family members of US diplomats.

An interlocutor of the agency from among EU diplomats said that European countries also developed a plan for the evacuation of embassies in Ukraine in case of emergency, but so far no measures have been taken. The Express edition wrote that the British special service SAS received an order to be ready to take out diplomats at any time.

Earlier, on January 18, The New York Times, citing a source in the SBU, wrote that Russia is also preparing the evacuation of diplomats from the country. According to the source, staff at two Russian consulates were instructed to prepare for the departure. Moreover, in early January, 18 people had already left Ukraine, including the children and wives of Russian diplomats, the newspaper reported.

White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said the same day that Russia had prepared to evacuate the families of diplomats from Ukraine at the end of December— early January.

The Russian Foreign Ministry denied this information, calling these statements a provocation, and announced the regular work of the diplomatic mission in Kiev.

Reports of a possible evacuation of embassies in Ukraine appear against the backdrop of accusations from West in preparation for the “Russian invasion” to Ukrainian territory. Moscow has repeatedly denied these accusations.

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Experts called the main shortcomings of the project on remote voting

The draft requires conceptual refinement, as it does not provide guarantees for the openness of lists and monitoring procedures, experts point out. The CEC insists on a “framework” approach: overregulation will not allow the development of systems alt=”Experts named the main shortcomings of the project on remote voting” />

The bill on uniform rules for remote electronic voting (DEG) lays the foundation for the implementation and use of DEG systems that are non-transparent and inaccessible to inspections, is indicated in the response to the initiative, which was sent to the State Duma on January 21 (available to RBC). The review was written by a group of experts, including electoral expert Grigory Melkonyants, head of the electronic voting systems department of the Moscow State Technical University. N.E. Bauman Viktor Tolstoguzov, member of the public audit group DEG Alexander Isavnin, Petr Zhizhin, Maxim Gongalsky and others.

In mid-December, a bill on unified DEG rules was submitted to the State Duma. It is designed to unify the rules and procedures for holding elections at different levels both in Russia as a whole and in individual regions, the authors explained— deputies from “United Russia” Dmitry Lameikin and Dmitry Vyatkin. They proposed to separate online voting into a separate article in the Federal Law “On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the Right to Participate in a Referendum of Citizens of the Russian Federation”. The bill allows regional election commissions (in agreement with the CEC) to decide on holding a DEG in local elections, including on their own online voting system.

Experts list the following, in their opinion, shortcomings of the bill.

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  • There are no guarantees of legal certainty and a stable voting system— the document does not describe the deadlines for submitting an application for voting, the procedure for authentication, establishing results, etc.
  • There are no guarantees for members of election commissions on the conduct and control of the DEG— the list of specialists involved in the operation of the DEG system should also be made public.
  • Surveillance system is not regulated.
  • Vulnerability of suffrage in case of failures.
  • No guarantee of control counting of votes— the procedure should be reproducible in court in case of disputes.
  • Possibility of ambiguous interpretation of the law by election commissions.

Possible amendments to the text of the bill were also discussed during public hearings on the draft in the Public Chamber on January 21. The event was attended by representatives of the State Duma, the CEC of Russia and public organizations, members of the RF OP, IT specialists.

During the discussion, the General Secretary of the Direct Democracy Party, Oleg Artamonov, also suggested adding a clause to the bill on the need for technical means of monitoring the DEG and on the access of observers to them. “Electronic voting is not a” black box “, and it is possible to observe it”, & mdash; concluded Artamonov.

Programmer Aleksey Shcherbakov noted that observers should be present during the deployment of the system to check the source code, and spoke in favor of giving observers a day before voting.

CEC position

The bill quite clearly regulates the organization and conduct of the DEG, Nikolai Bulaev, deputy head of the Central Election Commission, said during a hearing in the Public Chamber. «Introduction of amendments to the electoral legislation— this is the next step in understanding what remote e-voting should be— public, understandable, open»,— he noted.

Bulaev added that the federal and Moscow systems of the DEG have been seriously tested in the framework of the work in the elections, and both are considered “capable”. At the same time, they “cannot stop in their development”; and will change, so the law on the DEG should be of a framework nature. “A bill should solve problems, not create them,” — said Bulaev.

The September elections to the State Duma were the first with large-scale use of remote electronic voting. Residents of seven regions could vote online on two systems— federal and Moscow. Online voting, in particular, affected the elections in single-mandate constituencies in Moscow— no opposition candidate won there.

The head of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation Gennady Zyuganov said that the party does not recognize the results of remote electronic voting (DEG) in Moscow. According to the leader of the Communist Party, six candidates from the Communist Party won, but in the morning “they entered [data] and crossed everything out.” The Moscow City Electoral Committee explained the loss of candidates in the last percentage by a large number of online voters. The candidates from the Communist Party tried to challenge the election results in court, but their claims were not satisfied.

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British Foreign Minister arrives in Moscow for talks with Lavrov

The head of the British Foreign Office will arrive in Moscow in February for talks with Lavrov Russia responded positively to the request of the British Foreign Office to hold a meeting of foreign ministers in Moscow. Earlier, the British Minister of Defense invited Russian colleague Sergei Shoigu to come to London

Liz Truss

British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss will visit Moscow in February for talks with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. This is reported by TASS and RIA Novosti. citing diplomatic sources.

“The head of the British Foreign Office asked for the opportunity to come to Moscow for talks with Lavrov. Moscow agreed to conduct a visit in February,»,— source said.

Earlier, on January 18, British Defense Minister Ben Wallace invited Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu to come to London in the coming weeks to discuss the situation around Ukraine. Prior to that, he said that Russia was demonstrating “threatening behavior” regarding Ukraine, and that London will supply Kiev with light anti-tank defense systems.

In response, Shoigu confirmed his readiness to discuss all pressing security issues, but offered to hold talks in Moscow at any time convenient for Wallace. According to him, the resumption of contacts in the spirit of goodwill between the countries will help reduce tensions in Europe.

In mid-December 2021, the Russian Foreign Ministry sent proposals on security guarantees to the United States and NATO. Among the demands of Moscow was the non-expansion of NATO to the East and the refusal of the countries of the bloc from military activities in Ukraine.

On January 10, 12 and 13, three rounds of talks between the US and Russia, the Russia Council— NATO and Russia and the OSCE. The parties failed to reach an agreement on the key point of the agreements— non-expansion of NATO to the east. The alliance also denied Russia the right to veto Ukraine's entry into the bloc.

The Kremlin considered the result of the negotiations unsuccessful. US President Joe Biden also said that these negotiations did not bring results.

In Geneva, on January 21, Lavrov held talks with the head of the State Department, Anthony Blinken. The Russian minister said that Washington had shared a preliminary oral response to Moscow's proposals for security guarantees and asked a series of questions that would help shape a written response.

According to Lavrov, the United States must provide a written response next week. He had previously urged Blinken to publicly air the US response.

The Washington Post reported that the US asked Russia not to publicize its response to Moscow's security guarantee proposals. “There is one person in Russia who makes decisions, and this person— President Putin»,— a source in the administration told the publication.

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10 longest trains in the world

Railway operators around the world are competing to use long trains that can increase the cost-effectiveness of transportation by saving fuel, locomotive and rail car capacity. The average length of a freight train is 2 kilometers. Its increase is possible due to the addition of pulling blocks, which allow the length of the train to grow up to 8 kilometers, that is, 3-4 times.

The longest trains in the world — in the AiF.ru photo feed.

The Mount Newman Railway is owned by the Australian company BHP Billiton and is used to transport iron ore. The ore train travels between Newman and Port Hedland for approximately 8 hours. Usually it has 250 cars, but in 2001 the train set a world record for length and carrying capacity. At that moment, it had 682 wagons, it transported 82,000 tons of ore in one flight, and its length was 7.3 kilometers. Eight locomotives pulled the train from the Yandy mines to the city of Port Hedland © Commons.wikimedia.org “500” width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

Railroad trains carry coal along the 653-kilometer Daqin Railway Company in northern China. A train carrying coal typically includes 210 wagons and a total length of up to 3.2 kilometers © Commons.wikimedia.org

The railway line for the transportation of ore to South Africa is more than 800 kilometers long. Commissioned in the mid-1970s, it runs from the Sishen ore mines in the north to the port of Saldana in the west. The road is not used to transport people, only iron ore minerals are transported along it. This is a single-track road with dozens of interchanges for trains. At first, the cars on this line were pulled by electric locomotives, the train consisted of 210 units of rolling stock with a carrying capacity of 80 tons each. Then the number of cars was increased to 342. The total length of the train is 3.78 kilometers © Commons.wikimedia.org

The Carajas Railway is owned by the Brazilian company Vale. To connect the ore mining sites in Carajas and the port of Ponta de Madeiro, a railway was launched in 1982, it stretched for 892 km. More than 35 types of trains pass through it. Among them there is a special one, it has 330 wagons, it stretches for 3300 meters © Youtube screenshot

Train S-400 Association of American Highways, USA. The S-400 is one of the largest trains in America, at 3,659 meters long © Commons.wikimedia.org

Rio Tinto Railway Company, Australia. The company is developing in 15 mines, and the mined ore is transported by rail with a length of more than 1,700 km. Mined minerals are loaded onto trains, which consist of an average of 226 wagons with a carrying capacity of 105 tons each. If the train is fully loaded, it will hold about 30,000 tons of ore, and will be 2.4 kilometers long © Commons.wikimedia.org

Double-deck trains are operated by the National Rail System of Canada and run by several locomotives pulling the train. Basically, a regular freight train is 3.7 kilometers long, and container trains are about 3 kilometers long. The maximum length of a freight train in the country is 4.2 kilometers © Commons.wikimedia.org

The Maruti train was launched in India in 2011. It usually runs between cities such as Bilaspur and Bhuswal. The train includes 118 wagons, its cargo capacity is 9000-10000 tons, and its length is approximately 1.4 km. It was planned that the train would be longer, but problems in the security system, sharp bends along the route and the steepness of the road did not allow the plan to be realized. However, this train is the longest in India © Youtube Screenshot

The Ghan train in Australia is the only train on the list that carries people. It runs between such settlements as Darwin and Adelaide. His route is 2979 kilometers and takes approximately 54 hours to travel © Commons.wikimedia.org

The Mauritanian Train du Desert (“Desert Train”) has been transporting iron ore across the Sahara since 1963, 704 km one way. For Mauritanians, this train is the only way to reach remote areas of the country © Commons.wikimedia.org

The Mount Newman Railway is owned by the Australian company BHP Billiton and is used to transport iron ore. The ore train travels between Newman and Port Hedland for approximately 8 hours. Usually it has 250 cars, but in 2001 the train set a world record for length and carrying capacity. At that moment, it had 682 wagons, it transported 82,000 tons of ore in one flight, and its length was 7.3 kilometers. Eight locomotives pulled the train from the Yandy mines to the city of Port Hedland © Commons.wikimedia.org “500” width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

Railroad trains carry coal along the 653-kilometer Daqin Railway Company in northern China. A train carrying coal typically has 210 wagons and a total length of up to 3.2 kilometers © Commons.wikimedia.org

The railway line for the transportation of ore to South Africa is more than 800 kilometers long. Commissioned in the mid-1970s, it runs from the Sishen ore mines in the north to the port of Saldana in the west. The road is not used to transport people, only iron ore minerals are transported along it. This is a single-track road with dozens of interchanges for trains. At first, the cars on this line were pulled by electric locomotives, the train consisted of 210 units of rolling stock with a carrying capacity of 80 tons each. Then the number of cars was increased to 342. The total length of the train is 3.78 kilometers © Commons.wikimedia.org jpg” height=”457″ width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

The Carajas railway is owned by the Brazilian company Vale. To connect the ore mining sites in Carajas and the port of Ponta de Madeiro, a railway was launched in 1982, it stretched for 892 km. More than 35 types of trains pass through it. Among them there is a special one, it has 330 wagons, it stretches for 3300 meters © Youtube screenshot “297” width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

Train S-400 Association of American Highways, USA. The S-400 train is one of the largest trains in America, at 3,659 meters long © Commons.wikimedia.org

Rio Tinto Railway Company, Australia. The company is developing in 15 mines, and the mined ore is transported by rail with a length of more than 1,700 km. Mined minerals are loaded onto trains, which consist of an average of 226 wagons with a carrying capacity of 105 tons each. If the train is fully loaded, it will hold about 30,000 tons of ore, and will be 2.4 kilometers long © Commons.wikimedia.org

Double-deck container trains are operated by the National Railroad System of Canada and run by several locomotives pulling the train. Basically, a regular freight train is 3.7 kilometers long, and container trains are about 3 kilometers long. The maximum length of a freight train in the country is 4.2 kilometers © Commons.wikimedia.org

The Maruti train was launched in India in 2011. It usually runs between cities such as Bilaspur and Bhuswal. The train includes 118 wagons, its cargo capacity is 9000-10000 tons, and its length is approximately 1.4 km. It was planned that the train would be longer, but problems in the security system, sharp bends along the route and the steepness of the road did not allow the plan to be realized. However, this train is the longest in India © Youtube Screenshot

The Ghan train in Australia is the only train on the list that carries people. It runs between such settlements as Darwin and Adelaide. Its route is 2979 kilometers and takes about 54 hours © Commons.wikimedia.org “492” width=”800″ style=”display: block;” />

The Mauritanian Train du Desert (“Desert Train”) has been transporting iron ore across the Sahara since 1963, 704 km one way. For Mauritanians, this train is the only way to get to remote areas of the country © Commons.wikimedia.org

Источник aif.ru

Instagram will introduce a paid subscription

The head of the Instagram social network, Adam Mosseri, announced the introduction of the possibility of creating paid subscriptions, TASS reports.

“This week we are launching the first version of Instagram subscriptions, <.. .> so that content creators can make a living. It's important that they can do this predictably, and subscriptions are one of the best ways to do this, — he clarified.

It is noted that with the help of the new paid feature, bloggers will be able to divide the audience and make live broadcasts, posts and short videos only for those who have subscribed to them.

Recall According to the new law, foreign Internet companies with a daily audience of more than 500 thousand users are required to open representative offices in the Russian Federation by January 1, 2022. There are 13 IT companies on the Roskomnadzor list that own 22 resources, including social networks and instant messengers: Google, Apple, Meta (Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp), Twitter, TikTok, Telegram, Zoom, Likeme, Viber, Discord, Pinterest, Spotify, Twitch Interactive.

Источник aif.ru

“Sevmash” announced the process of building a submarine – the carrier of “Poseidons”

General Director of the plant “Sevmash” (Severodvinsk) Mikhail Budnichenko said that the construction of the Belgorod nuclear submarine, the carrier of Poseidon marine drones, is at the final stage, RIA Novosti reports.

“At the final stage — Nuclear submarine “Belgorod”. Hard work is going on in the workshops of the enterprise: two lines of ships of the Borey-A projects are on the stocks; and “Ash-M”, as well as the nuclear submarine “Khabarovsk”, — he said.

The multi-purpose nuclear submarine “Belgorod” launched in April 2019 at Sevmash.

Now the Russian Navy has four Borey-class strategic nuclear missile carriers. These are the missile cruisers “Yuri Dolgoruky”, “Alexander Nevsky”. and “Vladimir Monomakh”, as well as one nuclear-powered ship of the modernized project “Borey-A” — «Prince Vladimir».

Recall, on December 21, Russian President Vladimir Putin took part in the ceremony of accepting two cruisers into the Navy of the Russian Federation. We are talking about nuclear missile cruisers “Prince Oleg” and “Novosibirsk”.

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Australia approves Paxlovid and Lagevrio for COVID-19

Story Coronavirus pandemic of a new type that spread from China

The Therapeutic Goods Authority of Australia (TGA) has approved the use of Paxlovid by Pfizer and Lagevrio by Merck Sharp & Dohme for the treatment of COVID-19 in adults, reports TASS.

“None of the approved drugs is intended to be used as a substitute for vaccination against COVID-19,” — clarified the regulator.

The TGA also added that both drugs should be started as soon as possible after confirmation of the diagnosis.

Paxlovid is designed both for the prevention of coronavirus infection and for the treatment of patients with high and medium risk of a severe course of the disease.

Recall that the first domestic direct-acting injection drug for the treatment of COVID-19 “Areplivir” was recently registered in Russia. Also, the head of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Mikhail Murashko told about the development of a domestic drug that allows interrupting the development of COVID-19 at the initial stage.

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Minus two degrees expected in Moscow on Thursday

Cloudy weather and black ice are predicted in the Russian capital on Thursday, January 20, according to the official website of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

«Little snow. In the region, in some places there is a snowstorm, ice,” the message says.

Daytime air temperature in the city will be from minus two to minus four degrees.

Southern wind at a speed of five to ten meters per second. Atmospheric pressure – 739 millimeters of mercury.

On Friday night, cloudy weather, sleet and snow are predicted in the capital. Blizzard in places. The thermometers can drop to marks minus six degrees     degrees       minus degrees     minus degrees .

South-easterly wind at a speed of six to 11 meters per second. In places, its gusts can reach 15 meters per second. Atmospheric pressure will be 736 millimeters of mercury.

Earlier, the scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center Roman Vilfand said that this year the inhabitants of Russia should not wait for the early arrival of spring.

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DLBI named the most popular passwords in 2021

DLBI, a service for intelligence of data leaks and monitoring of the dark web, reported that in 2021, the most common passwords on the Runet were simple sequences of letters and numbers, Izvestia writes.

Reported that the combinations qwerty123, qwerty1 and 123456 occupy the top lines of the rating, the fourth place belongs to the password a11111, the fifth — at 123456789.

At the same time, among the Cyrillic passwords, the leading combinations are “yutsuken”, “password”, “love”, “hello”, “natasha”, “maxim”, “ Marina", "I love", "Andrey" and “Christina”.

Google previously announced plans to make two-step verification mandatory for 150 million users of the service.

Similar authentication is also wanted for creators on YouTube. These measures Google explains it as a concern for user safety.

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Biden called the summit with Putin possible

Biden said he was considering the possibility of a summit with Putin According to the US President, “there is such a possibility.” He added that he considers three rounds of negotiations with Russian representatives on security guarantees to be fruitless. jpg” alt=”Biden calls summit with Putin possible” />

U.S. President Joe Biden said at a press conference that he considers it possible to hold a new summit with Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin.

“Yes, I still believe that such a possibility exists,” — he said, commenting on a series of consultations with representatives of the two countries on the situation around Ukraine.

At the same time, the American president added that, in his opinion, the three meetings with Russia on security issues that took place in early January , did not bring results.

According to Biden, during previous contacts with Putin, the presidents understood each other's positions. At the same time, he threatened that if it escalated in Ukraine, Russia would face “tough economic consequences”, in particular, its banks would not be able to conduct transactions with dollars.

The Putin-Biden summit was held in Geneva in June 2021. The heads of state then agreed to return the previously withdrawn ambassadors to Moscow and Washington and “launch a comprehensive bilateral dialogue on strategic stability.” Then the presidents held talks on December 7 online.

A few days after this conversation, Putin said that he would like to see Biden again in person. The American president, for his part, said that he was counting on lengthy negotiations with his Russian counterpart. At the end of December, answering a question from journalists about whether a new meeting of heads of state was possible, he said: “We'll see.”

During the past year, the presidents had several telephone conversations, the last one took place on December 31. The conversation was entirely devoted to security guarantees. The leaders agreed to support bilateral consultations on strategic stability.

In December, Russia submitted draft agreements on security assurances to the US and NATO. Among other things, they contained proposals for non-expansion of NATO to the east at the expense of the countries of the former USSR and a ban on military activities in Ukraine. On January 10, 12 and 13, three rounds of negotiations between the United States and Russia took place in Europe, the Council of Russia — NATO and Russia and the OSCE. They ended without concrete results.

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Biden compared the possible “invasion” of Russia to Ukraine with the Second World War

Biden: Russia's invasion of Ukraine will be the most serious event since World War II Biden is concerned that the situation around Ukraine could “get out of control”

If Russia “invades” Ukraine to Ukraine, this step will have serious consequences for the world, US President Joe Biden said at a press conference.

According to Biden, if Russian President Vladimir Putin makes such a decision, it will be “the most serious event that has happened in the world in terms of war and peace since the Second World War.” (quote from CBS).

The US leader said he was concerned that the situation on the Russian-Ukrainian border “may get out of control”, including due to the fact that Ukraine borders on several NATO countries. “The only war worse than planned,” this is an unintentional war,— he said.

Biden warned Russia of tough economic measures, including a ban on banks from dealing in dollars, in the event of an escalation in Ukraine. At the same time, he said that the Russian authorities have not yet made a final decision on actions against the neighboring country, and expressed confidence that Putin does not want a full-scale war with the West.

On January 18, White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said that the United States believes Russia may launch an “attack” on to a neighboring country at any time. However, she stressed, in response to this, the strictest sanctions from the West will follow.

Moscow has repeatedly rejected reports of a planned “aggression”; regarding Kiev. The Russian Foreign Ministry emphasized that the actions of the Russian armed forces on the territory of the country — “legitimate right of a sovereign state”. Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov called the “outrageous measure” imposition of likely restrictions on the country's leadership and warned that they could lead to a complete cessation of relations between the United States and Russia.

The day before, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky delivered a video message to the nation in which he said that “Ukraine does not want war, but must always be ready for it,” and urged citizens not to panic about the news of a possible Russian invasion. According to him, the war with the participation of Ukraine has been going on for the eighth year already.

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Germany launches investigation against foreign minister who met with Lavrov

Germany launches investigation against Foreign Minister Burbock and Economics Minister Habek “aligncenter” src=”https://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/4/30/756426393916304.jpg” alt=”The Federal Republic of Germany launched an investigation against the Foreign Minister who met with Lavrov” />

Annalena Burbock

The Berlin Prosecutor's Office launched an investigation into the leadership of the German Green Party, including its co-chairmen— Foreign Minister Annalena Burbock and Vice Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, Economics Minister Robert Habek, Spiegel reports. This information was confirmed to the AFP agency by the representative of the prosecutor's office, Martin Steltner.

According to Spiegel, they were suspected of abuse in the payment of bonuses related to the coronavirus. According to the prosecutor's office, in 2020 representatives of the Greens' presidium illegally appointed themselves and received payments in the amount of €1.5 thousand each.

In total, six people appear in the case: in addition to Burbock and Habek, these are other party members Rikarda Lang, Jamila Schaefer, Michael Kellner and Mark Urbach.

All the accused, with the exception of the last — members of the Bundestag, they enjoy political immunity. Therefore, before starting an investigation, the prosecutor's office notified the chairman of the Bundestag, Berbel Bas, about this. According to Spiegel, this happened in December.

According to Steltner, the investigation was initiated after several complaints from “individuals” who referred to media reports from the past year.

In May 2021, when Burbock was a candidate for the post of German Chancellor, she admitted that she did not initially declare the so-called party Christmas bonuses from 2018 to 2020 (more than €25 thousand). She did not report the payment to the speaker of the Bundestag, which she should have done , but later corrected it.

On January 17, Burbock paid a visit to Ukraine, and the next day she met in Moscow with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. Following the talks, she stated that Moscow and Berlin have a “chubby folder”; disagreements, at the same time Germany is interested in stable relations with Russia. Lavrov called the negotiations with Burbock useful.

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The White House clarified what would be considered an “invasion” of Ukraine

Jen Psaki: The US will regard Russian troops crossing the border with Ukraine as an invasion The US will consider Russian troops crossing the border with Ukraine a “new invasion”, according to Psaki, Biden made this clear to Putin. In the event of such actions, Russia is waiting for a “quick, tough and unified response” ” alt=”The White House clarified what they would consider an “invasion” of Ukraine” />

Jan Psaki

The United States will regard any crossing of the border with Ukraine by Russian military personnel as a “new invasion”; to this country, said White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki.

According to her, US President Joe Biden “made it clear” this is to Russian colleague Vladimir Putin. Psaki threatened that such actions on the part of Russia would entail “a quick, tough and unified response from the United States and allies.”

As Psaki stated, Biden knows that Russia “has an extensive arsenal of aggressive actions” & mdash; not only the military, but also “cyber attacks and paramilitary tactics.” “Today he confirmed that these acts of Russian aggression will be given a decisive, mutual and united response,” she promised.

A few hours earlier, Biden gave a press conference on the occasion of the first year of his tenure as head of state. He devoted part of his speech to relations between Russia and Ukraine and said that Moscow would face “catastrophic consequences”; in case of aggression against Kiev. According to him, if there is an invasion of Ukraine, Russia is threatened with tough economic measures, Russian banks will not be able to conduct transactions with dollars. Putin has “never seen sanctions” like the ones the United States is working on, Biden said.

On January 18, Psaki said that the crisis around Ukraine poses an extreme degree of danger, and Russia could launch an attack on a neighboring country at any moment. Similar concerns were expressed by the leadership of other Western countries, in particular, Germany. According to German Foreign Minister Annalena Burbock, more than 100,000 troops are concentrated on the Russian-Ukrainian border “for no apparent reason”, which is hard not to perceive as a threat. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz urged Russia to reduce the number of its troops in this region.

The Russian side has repeatedly stated that the country does not threaten anyone and is not going to attack anyone, and the movement of troops on its own territory— her internal affairs. Presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov pointed out that against the background of the “unfriendly atmosphere” due to NATO exercises and the movement of its infrastructure to the east, Moscow is “forced to take precautionary measures”: Russian troops are near the Ukrainian border, which is necessary “in the face of a very tense situation.” At the same time, he stressed that the Kremlin ruled out the deployment of offensive weapons in Ukraine.

On January 11, the Western Military District announced the start of exercises at training grounds in the Voronezh, Belgorod and Bryansk regions bordering Ukraine. The maneuvers also started in the Smolensk region. The next day, the US State Department called on Russia to provide an explanation for what was happening, emphasizing that in order to create a “de-escalation atmosphere”; “transparency around any legitimate exercises on Russian territory” is needed. The Foreign Ministry said that Moscow does not intend to discuss with NATO or the United States the issues of the movement of troops through the territory of Russia.

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The Ambassador named those responsible for the death of Russian journalists in the Central African Republic

Ambassador: Russian journalists in the Central African Republic were killed by militants from the 3R group in 2018

According to preliminary data, Russian journalists Orkhan Dzhemal, Kirill Radchenko and director Alexander Rastorguev were killed in the Central African Republic in 2018 by militants from the illegal armed group 3R. About this “RIA Novosti” Russian Ambassador to the Central African Republic Alexander Bikantov said.

According to the diplomat, the Russians, “as you know, moved at night without guards along the Decoa-Sibu highway.” At that moment, the militants stopped the journalists, attacked and killed them, he claims.

The diplomat said that the militants from 3R in December 2020 “in a coalition with other gangs” attacked the CAR capital Bangui. They failed to capture the city, but many civilians died, Bikantov said. “The CAR army was able to push the bandits back from Bangui and at the beginning of 2021 push the illegal armed groups out of the borders of the CAR,” — he added.

Dzhemal, Radchenko and Rastorguev were killed on July 30, 2018. In the republic, they worked on behalf of the Investigation Management Center project, which, among other things, was financed by Mikhail Khodorkovsky. The journalists planned to make a film about the activities of a Russian private military company (PMC) in an African country.

The car of Dzhemal, Rastorguev and Radchenko with their bodies was found 23 km north of the city of Sibut. At the same time, the driver Bienvenyu Nduvokama, who was hired by journalists, survived. According to the authorities of the Central African Republic, he was able to return to Sibut and tell about the incident to the peacekeepers of the UN mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), who found the bodies. According to the representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, the driver said that shortly before the incident, the car with journalists was stopped by a patrol, which warned of the danger of further travel.

The material is being supplemented

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Senator Pushkov emphasized the “amazing stupidity” of the United States

Photo: Evgeny Semyonov

American political scientists know nothing and do not want to know about the attitude of Russians to what is happening in Ukraine. They live in their own little world, where they feel comfortable and comfortable.

Senator Aleksey Pushkov characterized the last statement of US Ambassador to Russia Mike McFaul about Russia's fear of “democratic Ukraine” in Telegram.

He called this thesis, repeated in every way, “amazing stupidity.” In his opinion, US specialists live in false ideologemes, where they feel comfortable and comfortable.

“It is difficult to find people in Russia who would dream of a life like now in Ukraine. It is impossible to envy her. And those few who would like the same bedlam for Russia have already mostly moved to the West,” the senator wrote.

Thus he commented on McFaul’s statement that the real threat to Russia is not Ukraine’s NATO, and its democratic regime.

Earlier, Pushkov responded to the statement of French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian on the principles of containing Russia. The senator predicted a passive role for Paris in this process.

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Ex-official allowed the resignation of Johnson from the post of British Prime Minister

Photo: AP Minister Boris Johnson and his resignation. Francis John Cole, a former high-ranking EU civil servant and specialist in British politics, thinks so.

“Boris will probably not survive the inquest. He is accused of lying,” he said, commenting on a party investigation led by MP and senior civil servant Sue Gray, who will present her findings by Friday.

As Cole noted, the Conservative Party is rather archaic in its own internal rules. For example, one of them says that only 54 letters sent to MPs can lead to an investigation, which was initiated. “The (investigation) is expected to result in a vote of no confidence in party leader Boris Johnson,” the ex-official said, adding that the near future for the head of government is rather bleak.

Johnson was criticized, he was in danger of losing premiership as a result of scandal over parties at the government residence on Downing Street during the nationwide lockdown.

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The historian suggested the introduction of US sanctions against Germany because of SP-2

According to the Telegraph, historian Katya Hoyer expressed her opinion on the further development of events around the Russian Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline.

photo flickr.com

According to the expert, Germany was “between two fires”. On the one hand, it needs to maintain a common anti-Russian policy towards Moscow with other Western countries, and on the other hand, Berlin is too dependent on Russian energy to afford such a thing.

“Earlier, Germany miraculously avoided economic sanctions USA because of the Russian gas pipeline "Nord Stream– 2″. But the issue has not been removed from the agenda,” Hoyer is sure.

The situation may worsen even more if the new German government decides to abandon nuclear power plants. Indeed, in the event of their closure, the country's dependence on Russian gas will only increase.

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Investigation launched against German Foreign Minister Burbock

Photo: ruwikipedia

The Berlin prosecutor's office launched an investigation against the leadership of the Union90/Green party. The investigation is also underway against German Foreign Minister Annalen Berbock. This is reported by Spiegel.

Politicians are suspected of abusing the party in the payment of bonuses related to the coronavirus pandemic.

“The subject of the process is the appropriation of coronavirus-related bonuses by members of the federal government to themselves in 2020,” the publication reports.

According to the investigation, the party leadership illegally made payments of €1,500 per person.

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Russian schoolchildren will be given a safe Internet lesson

The All-Russian safe Internet lesson for schoolchildren will be held on January 24, TASS reports with reference to Ekaterina Mizulina, a member of the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation.

The event will be held by the Safe Internet League, schoolchildren will be able to connect to the broadcast of the lesson from all over the country.

Experts, representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, the city psychological and pedagogical center of the Department of Education and Science of Moscow, as well as bloggers will talk about the main risks that children face on the Internet.

Mizulina added that it is important to “strengthen work with the causes, and not fight the consequences of certain dangerous phenomena on the network.”

Earlier, the Safe Internet League turned to the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Investigative Committee with a request to check the songs of nine popular among children and teenagers of performers, in whose compositions experts see propaganda of terrorism.

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Astronauts of the 2018 recruitment will fly to the ISS for the first time in 2023-2024

Cosmonauts of the 2018 recruitment are included in the Soyuz MS spacecraft crews for the first time. with launches in 2023-2024, according to the website of Roscosmos.

In 2018, following the results of an open competition of Roscosmos, Konstantin Borisov, Alexander Gorbunov, Alexander Grebenkin, Alexei Zubritsky, Sergey Mikaev, Kirill Peskov and Oleg Platonov were selected . For two years, they completed a general space training course, then successfully passed the State exam.

From the message of the state corporation, it follows that everyone except Kirill Peskov is included in the list of flights into orbit in 2023-2024.

In addition, the Interdepartmental Commission approved the crews of the ISS for 2022-2024.

Earlier, Russian cosmonauts Anton Shkaplerov and Pyotr Dubrov spoke about the state after an hour and a half of work in outer space.

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The ambassador said that the investigation into the death of journalists from the Russian Federation in the Central African Republic has not been completed

The new Russian ambassador to the CAR, Alexander Bikantov, said that the investigation into the death of Russian journalists in the country was not completed, RIA Novosti writes.

“The investigation into the tragedy has not yet been completed, but the local government and the Investigative Committee of Russia intend to see the matter through to the end, – said the diplomat.

Three journalists from the Russian Federation were killed in the Central African Republic on July 30, 2018. Journalist Orkhan Dzhemal, documentary filmmaker Alexander Rastorguev and cameraman Kirill Radchenko worked in the CAR on the order of Mikhail Khodorkovsky's Investigation Management Center (ICC).

It became known that Vladimir Putin appointed Alexander Bikantov as Russian Ambassador to the CAR January 10th. Previously, Bikantov worked as head of the press center of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

It was also reported that the president appointed a new Russian ambassador to Tunisia. It was the diplomat Alexander Zolotov.

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Russian scientists proposed a neural network for monitoring the quality of roads

Russian mathematicians have proposed a neural network for effective monitoring of the quality of the road surface, the press service of Moscow State University reports.

MSU employees presented their own combination of well-known methods based on the U-Net neural network architecture. This development accurately detects cracks in images of the roadway. According to the researchers, this approach could give rise to new real-time road monitoring systems. The results of the study were published on the pages of the IEEE Access journal.

The leader of Vladimir Polovnikov explained that the creators of the network used well-known methods, but found new combinations that led to the creation of a practical algorithm.

Earlier, environmentalists at Moscow State University proposed to change the MPC of chemical elements for urban soils. Today in Russia MPCs are used, which correspond to the maximum level of the content of a substance that does not harm human health and soils.

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VTsIOM named the most popular hobbies of Russians

The All-Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VTsIOM) conducted a study and found out how Russians spend their leisure time.

Most often, Russians communicate with friends or do household chores (35%). Another 33% go to nature, 32% work with children, 31% work in the country, listen to music or read books. According to another 30% of respondents, they spend time at the computer.

Every fifth Russian (18%) said that he has a hobby. The most popular hobby — this is reading books and newspapers, 12% of Russians answered this way. 9% each are fond of gardening and sports, another 8% – hunting and fishing, as well as knitting. 6% of respondents love drawing.

More than half of fellow citizens (52%) noted that they are satisfied with the amount of time they devote to their hobbies. 45% would like to spend more time on it.

Russians consider lack of money (60%), lack of time (49%), laziness and health problems (11% each), lack of special knowledge (9%).

Employers have previously told which jobseekers' hobbies they consider inappropriate. As a rule, these were such hobbies as computer games and extreme sports.

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The head physician of the Matrosskaya Tishina hospital was placed in a separate cell

The chief doctor of the hospital of the pre-trial detention center “Matrosskaya Tishina” Alexander Kravchenko, who was detained for bribery, spent the night in a temporary detention center, there was no one else in his cell, RIA Novosti writes, citing an informed source.

The detention center is located on Petrovka. According to the interlocutor of the agency, no incidents occurred overnight.

It is assumed that today the Presnensky Court of Moscow will consider the petition of the investigation to arrest the defendant.

Kravchenko is charged with taking bribes for false diagnoses by prisoners for their release from custody and abuse of office. It was established that eight people were released from arrest due to falsified diagnoses.

On January 19, Kravchenko was detained on suspicion of making false medical reports for those arrested and convicted. The suspect does not admit his guilt.

Prior to this, it was reported that the ex-head of the radio engineering troops of the Russian Aerospace Forces was sent to Matrosskaya Tishina. Andriy Koban also does not admit his guilt in taking a bribe.

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