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One of the founders and members of Depeche Mode has died

English keyboardist, one of the founders of Depeche Mode, Andrew Fletcher, died on May 26 at the age of 61, according to the group's press service.

“We are shocked and extremely saddened by the untimely passing of our dear friend, family man and band member Andy Fletcher, — The report says.

Andrew John Leonard Fletcher was born in Nottingham on 8 July 1961 to a working-class family. In 1977, Vince Clarke and Andrew Fletcher formed No Romance in China, with Andrew playing bass. Three years later, the Depeche Mode quartet appeared, where Fletcher became responsible for keyboards and backing vocals. 

Depeche Mode — one of the most successful musical groups in the world, playing in the subgenres of electronic and rock music. Andrew was in the band until his last days along with Martin Gore and Dave Gahan. In 2002, he formed his own music label, Toast Hawaii. He also toured as a DJ.

Recall that on May 17, at the age of 80, the Greek composer, one of the founders of electronic music, Evangelos Odysseas Papathanasiou, better known as Vangelis, died in France.

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From “discharging” to “rebooting”. How Russia tried to negotiate with the United States

50 years ago, on May 26, 1972, during a visit to Moscow of US President Richard Nixon, the “Fundamentals of Relations between the USSR and USA” were signed. The document has become one of symbols of the “international détente” policy.

Since Russian-American relations have been moving like a roller coaster — bright periods gave way to severe crises.

Pepsi, vodka, Soyuz-Apollo

Visit of Richard Nixonin Moscow took place against the background of the war in Vietnam, so it not once could break loose. Nevertheless, the desire of the two countries to somehow normalize their relations and to agree on clear rules of the game prevailed.

It was in Moscow that the documents that laid the foundation for the security system were signed Cold War — a treaty on limitation of anti-missile defense systems and interim agreement on limitation of strategic offensive arms. In 1975 the development of these treaties Leonid Brezhnev and Nixon's successor Gerald Fordsigned the “Helsinki Accords”, which, among other things, proclaimed cooperation in the fields of economics and science between the Warsaw Pact and NATO countries, confidence-building in the defense sphere, and much more. And already under President Jimmy Carter, countries signed agreements to limit the number of launchers (SALT-2) and deploy nuclear weapons in space.

“Discharging” expressed, for example, and  in that in 1975, for the first time in history, a joint flight of Soviet cosmonauts and American astronauts took place on the Soyuz — Apollo". And back in the USSR a plant was built for the production of Pepsi-Cola», in  the USA the same began to sell vodka «Stolichnaya».

The discharge did not last long. Already in  1979, relations between the USSR and the United States were on the verge of a break due to the entry of Soviet troops into Afghanistan and NATO's decision to start deploying medium-range missiles in Europe. In  March 1983, President Ronald Reagan delivered his famous speech in which called the USSR an “evil empire”.

The countries emerged from the new clinch with difficulty. The first Soviet-American summit in six years was organized in 1985 in Geneva after Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in the USSR.That meeting did not bring special practical results, however, according to the recollections of the participants, it was then that mutual understanding developed between Reagan and Gorbachev and a focus on dialogue appeared, which made it possible to hold meetings at the highest level every year.

In 1986, the leaders met in Reykjavik, and     — in Washington. Then the treaty was signed on reduction of armaments —

Turning over the Atlantic and "special relations"

After the collapse of the USSR between Moscow and Washington, it seemed, a complete understanding was established. The actual victory in the Cold War made the United States a world hegemon that could dictate its own rules of the game. But the Kremlin, immersed in the difficult internal problems of the country, was not up to trying to somehow moderate the ambitions of the States.

Between the first president of Russia Boris Yeltsin and Bill Clinton there was a rather warm relationship. They set a record for meeting — 17 times. However, hidden since the end of the Cold War contradictions could not manifest. And it happened when NATO started bombing Yugoslavia in 1999. Russian Prime Minister Evgeny Primakov who was flying to the United States at that momentturned the plane over the Atlantic and  refused to visit in to protest against the actions of the Americans.

This, however, did not lead to a break in relations. Moreover, there were still all the possibilities for further rapprochement. Vladimir Putinsaid that he suggested Clinton to consider Russia's entry into NATO during the latter's visit to Moscow in 2000 . However,     clearly did not fit into Washington's plans.

“The Special Relationship”

On September 11, 2001, the United States was subjected to a massive attack by Islamist terrorists. After that, the Americans began military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Russia protested against the use of military force, but was not heard in the States.

Cooperation between the countries, however, continued. During the operation in Afghanistan, Moscow even temporarily granted the US Air Force the right to use the air corridor over Russian territory. In 2002, the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SOR) was signed, and the Russia-NATO Council was established.

However, then relations again began to deteriorate sharply. “Color Revolutions” in Georgia (2003), in Ukraine (2004), NATO expansion to east launched a crisis, the culmination of which can be considered the operation of Russian troops in Georgia in August 2008 , after which Moscow recognized the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.

Reboot

However, even after such an unpleasant “demarche” for the West, the parties made another attempt to “understand and” forgive ” each other. 6 March 2009, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton presented the Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrovthe big red button symbolizing “reboot” Russian-American relations. At              appeared a hope for to continue cooperation with each other.

And over the next few years, some progress was indeed made. For example, a new treaty on the reduction of nuclear weapons (START-3) was signed. However, at the same time, the Americans, together with NATO allies, continued to conduct military operations around the whole world (in in particular, in Libya) and did not renounce plans to expand the alliance, which extremely irritated Moscow.

The aggravation that will never end

Russia's relations with the United States began to worsen again in 2012 year, but a sharp decline occurred, of course, after the start of the Ukrainian crisis. The entry of Crimea into Russia and the conflict in Donbass in 2014 led to a wave of sanctions against Moscow. Hopes for that Donald Trump who came to the White Housewill be able to reverse the negative trend, did not materialize. Trump's opponents accused the Kremlin of interfering in the American elections, after which new sanctions were imposed on Russia.

Neither Putin's meeting with Trump in Helsinki in 2018 nor  ;Russian leader's meeting with Trump's successor Joe Biden in Geneva in 2021  “They don't” want to speak on “equals”, & nbsp; & mdash; Sergey Lavrov succinctly described the key problem of Russian-American relations.

Well and after the US refused to accept Russian demands for security guarantees and the start of                 completely stopped talking. Perhaps not a single political scientist today will undertake to predict when a new “détente” may occur between our countries. And will it happen at all.

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Ex-FSO officer convicted in case of embezzlement during the reconstruction of the Kremlin

The garrison military court sentenced former FSO officer Aleksey Golokhvostov to 11 years for embezzlement during the restoration of the Kremlin towers, in addition, Golokhvostov was fined 40 million rubles, TASS reports.

The court recognized him guilty under articles under Part 5 and Part 6 of Article of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation “Receiving a bribe on an especially large scale.” It is noted that the court foreclosed on Golokhvostov's car to pay for the damage.

The court found that an employee of the capital construction department of the engineering and technical support service of the Federal Security Service Golokhvostov had control and administrative powers in relation to contractors performing work on a state contract with the FSO.

It is reported that he demanded a bribe of 700 thousand rubles from the company that was engaged in the reconstruction of cultural heritage sites. According to law enforcement officers, he threatened to interfere with the acceptance and approval of work on the reconstruction of 11 towers of the Moscow Kremlin.

In addition, the former FSO officer was found guilty of taking a bribe of 20 million rubles for concealing violations during the construction and reconstruction of facilities on the territory of the residence of the President of the Russian Federation in Novo-Ogaryovo.

Golokhvostov did not admit guilt in these crimes. His lawyer Pavel Sorkin said he would appeal the verdict.

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When will the exam in foreign languages ​​take place?

In 2022, the USE in foreign languages ​​(except “Speaking”) will be held on June 14, and the USE in foreign languages ​​(section “Speaking”) graduates will take on 16 and 17 June.

What changes have been made to the USE in a foreign language?

This year, the second task  — the examinee needs to be asked four questions, and not five (as before). Also in  section "Speaking" you need to compare photos, write a description and discover their relationship.

In addition, assignment 39 (letter of a personal nature) this year will be in email format. The student needs to reply to a message to a friend. You no longer need to write the address and date.

Also in questions 40.1 and 40.2 — the “essay” was removed, now the student must work with a project on a given topic, analyze the graph or table for the choice and write a detailed answer on the points of the plan.

What is the minimum number of USE scores?

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In 2022, the minimum score — 30.

How long is the exam?

In compared to 2021, the duration of the oral part of exams in foreign languages ​​has changed: English, French, German and Spanish will now take 17 minutes instead of the previously set 15, and  Chinese — 14 minutes (in 2021 — 12 minutes).

Where and when can I find out the results of the exam?

portal of public services. To do this, go to section«Documents», subsection «Education». Also, the service of acquaintance with the results of the exam on the website of Rosobrnadzor — checkege.rustest.ru.

The result of the USE (letter) will be available on June 28 and the results of oral USE — 29 and 30 June.

Sources:

https://www.garant.ru

http://publication.pravo.gov.ru

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When will the exam in computer science take place?

This year,                  s   s      There is a break during the exam. During such breaks, USE participants can continue to work on solving exam tasks using drafts, and also do exercises for the eyes.

Rosobrnadzor recommends taking the first break no later than half an hour after starting work at the computer, then every 20 minutes. There are no breaks for exams in other subjects.

What changes have you made to the USE in ICT?

The number of tasks for which you need to use additional files has increased. In   there                     eight. Also, unlike the Unified State Examination of previous years, the current structure of the exam contains tasks only with a short answer of the basic, advanced and high levels of difficulty.

As compared to the USE 2021, tasks 3 have changed, 9 and 17.

What is the minimum number of USE points?

In 2022, the minimum number of USE points for admission — 44.

How long is the exam?

Exam time — 3 hours 55 minutes (235 minutes).

Where and when can I find out the results of the USE?

Participants of the USE 2022 will be able to view their results on the Unified Public Services Portal. To do this, go to "Documents" section, subsection "Education". Also, the service of acquaintance with the results of the exam on the website of Rosobrnadzor — checkege.rustest.ru.

The USE result will be available on June 30th and July 1st.

Source:

https://www.garant.ru

http://publication.pravo.gov.ru

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Why are storks interesting?

AIF at the Dacha No. 9. Cooking dishes from sorrel and nettle 17/05/2022

There is a belief that a stork that settled on the roof or near human habitation brings happiness . A sign is a sign, but hardly someone will drive this beautiful bird away from their home: it is loved for beauty and caring attitude towards its offspring.

Storks — the birds are large, conspicuous. The length, for example, of a white stork from the end of the beak to the tip of the tail is about 1.3 m, height 1 m, body weight — about 4 kg. It has long bare legs and a straight beak, short fingers with pink claws, a swimming membrane is noticeable between the front toes.

On the territory of our country, in addition to the white stork, there are black and extremely rare Far Eastern (in the Amur region). If the white plumage is predominantly white and only its wings are partially black, then                                      only the lower part of the body is covered with white plumage.

In European countries and warm regions of Russia, these migratory birds arrive early, in February-March, in the middle lane — later. For several years in a row, they settle in their old nests, which they build from dry branches on trees and roofs of houses or outbuildings.

The  food base of storks includes large insects, snails, earthworms, small fish, frogs, lizards and even mouse-like rodents, so they prefer to settle near a natural reservoir.

It should be noted that storks — caring parents. Females lay up to 5 large eggs (about 8cm long), but warm them with their heat during both incubation: in the afternoon — female, at night — male. They equally give their care to hatched chicks. Feathered parents give water to defenseless storks, bringing water in their beaks, in hot weather they give them a cool shower, pouring water over them. Sometimes the male stands motionless for hours, spreading his wings over the nest, like a tent, to protect the chicks from overheating.

Stork. Photo: pixabay.com

Parents also feed the chicks together: voracious "kids" from  dawn to dawn they drag insects and dump them out in front of the storks. Two-month-old chicks leave the nest, but for a couple more weeks they remain dependent on parents: they continue to feed their insatiable offspring.

Unfortunately, in nbsp;nature, storks are becoming less and less. White storks, as ornithologists calculated, there are several thousand left on our planet, black — even less, so they are listed in The Red Book of Russia.

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Russia creates a new coastal complex for the Zircon missile

Russia is developing a new coastal missile system for the Tsirkon hypersonic cruise missile, TASS reports, citing sources close to the Russian Defense Ministry.

It is assumed that the DBK can enter the armament of the Navy by the end of this year.

According to one of the interlocutors of the agency, the new complex, like its predecessor “Bastion”, with Onyx missiles (“Yakhont”), will be able to hit both surface and ground targets.

In NPO Mashinostroeniya, in turn, they did not comment on this information.

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Temperatures up to 18 degrees expected on Friday

Cloudy weather with clearings is predicted in the Russian capital on Friday, May 27, according to the official website of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

“Cloudy with clearings. Short rain. Thunderstorms in places,” the message says.

Daytime air temperature in the city will be from 16 degrees to 18 degrees Celsius. Atmospheric pressure is 736 millimeters of mercury.

The wind is southwestern and western at a speed of seven to 12 meters per second, in some places its gusts can reach 17 meters per second.

В Saturday night in the capital is predicted cloudy weather with clearings. Light rain, moderate in places. The air temperature will be from eight to ten degrees Celsius.

Southwest wind  at a speed of six to 11 meters per second. Atmospheric pressure is 736 millimeters of mercury.

Earlier specialist of the Moscow Meteorological Bureau Tatyana Pozdnyakova said that summer heat will come to Moscow on May 30.

Chief specialist of the Fobos weather center ; Evgeny Tishkovets reported that a moderately warm summer without extreme temperature deviations is expected in the European part of the Russian Federation.

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Why is a veteran no match for a veteran?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 21. Got it from Azovstal 05/25/2022

Pensioners consider the benefits given to those who retired by certain titles, even regional ones, as a great help.

Here are just the conditions for conferring the title of the same labor veteran, even in neighboring regions of the same federal district, can be radically different. And the benefits that this title gives are also completely different. Although the work of a teacher or a doctor in any part of the country is equally difficult. Why is this happening and isn it time to introduce a single standard? 

Lyubov Smirnova, retired, former teacher, Kiselevsk, Kemerovo Region:

— I have                  I have 37 years of experience. For the last 22 years she has worked in the village of the Prokopevsky district. There, as a rural teacher, and then a retired teacher, she had benefits: free coal, electricity. But then we moved to the city, and there are no benefits for us — they are for veterans only. Recently, a relative in the Novosibirsk region. received the title of regional veteran, having 35 years of experience. Why we in Kuzbass have to work 40 years, while men even 45 to get such a title? Our areas are nearby. Moreover, I believe that in Kuzbass the environmental situation will be worse than in the same Novosibirsk region, — we still breathe coal dust. And the conditions for obtaining titles, and consequently, benefits we have tougher. This is not fair!

Figure AiF/A. Dorofeev

In  some subjects have additional requirements: the presence of a certain work experience in the area and regional awards. But why not equalize it all? Finally, decide: in what whatever city a woman works for 35 years, she has the right to title and benefits!

And even in veterans receive different benefits in each region. The cash payment is approximately the same: 400–500 rubles per per month. But in Tomsk region. there is compensation for travel — 200 rubles, in Novosibirsk — 50% discount on housing and communal services and travel in trains, in Krasnoyarsk Territory — 50% payment for medicines. We regional veterans enjoy free travel and pay 50% for  "communal" three years of experience is not enough, although she worked until 61 years.

I understand why at one time they made benefits for rural teachers — it was necessary that teachers with higher education go to work in the outback. But  after all, by and large, the work of a teacher is in the city, in the village, in the north of the country, in the south is the same: you keep the same hours, you learn the same textbooks, you check the same number of notebooks , so you get ready for the lessons. And children in anywhere in the country require equally great dedication and attention. It should be the same with veterans: a single length of service, uniform benefits. And it will be correct!

The opinion of the author may not coincide with the position of the editors

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Progressive movement. Will colleges overtake universities in enrollment?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 21. Got it from Azovstal 25/05/2022

In & nbsp; Russia, the time for final exams begins. Both parents and schoolchildren choose what to connect their future with, where to go — to a university or a college. Last year, a record —   — 1.2 million 200 people Against 900 thousand in 2018  Now, when the country will develop its own production, will this trend increase? And  what place in life can those who choose working specialties expect?

Where are the cadres forged today?

Serious reforms are beginning in the training of workers and mid-level specialists. Training programs will become shorter and more practice-oriented, and profession — more modern.

Who chooses colleges now?

Vocational secondary education attracts more than a million students. The advantages of this choice are obvious — you don't need to take the exam, you can quickly get a profession and start earning. As a result, not only school good students, but also excellent students went to colleges. Although not so long ago, technical schools and vocational schools were the lot of C students.

“Specifically, in & nbsp; our college, a three-year student has not been able to get for a long time. In last year, in order to get into the budget, you needed a minimum GPA of 4.2, — explains the director of the Moscow Region College „Energy“ (Reutov) Nerses Nersesyan.      there are specialties where for admission to the budget you need to have only five in certificate. We in general, a headache for all the surrounding schools — We pick up the best children after the 9th grade. Maximum competition — 24 persons per seat. It is much more interesting for children to study with us. Almost all of them work in the 3rd year. And it often happens that a child in school is a C student, and comes to college — and          the same subject suddenly has a five. This is because he touched the object with his hands, felt it, and understood through these tactile skills».

Nikolai Razinkin, Director of the Moscow College of Transport of the RUT (MIIT), confirms the fact that there are more students who are successful in their studies among those entering colleges: “For example, according to” specialty “organization of transportation and” management of the passing score for budget place last year was 4.75, and  „economics and accounting“ — 4.78. For other specialties, the passing score is lower. Of course, there are guys and & nbsp; weaker. But there is always a chance that by moving to secondary vocational education programs, students will be able to finish college with high results. After all, the grade in college — this is already an assessment of professional mastery and skills».

And who teaches in them?

The main thing, for that technical schools and colleges, —  they teach obsolete professions and  the students lack practice. Now the Ministry of Education has launched the “Professionality” program, which is designed to combine secondary vocational education and the real economy. Young people will receive professions under the guidance of mentors from enterprises. As early as this year, 70 educational and industrial clusters will be created in 42 regions in priority areas: nuclear industry, railway transport, metallurgy, mechanical engineering (in t. including aircraft and shipbuilding), chemical and  light industry, agriculture and the pharmaceutical industry. K 2024  there will be 210 such clusters.

One of the first will appear in Kaluga Region on the territory of the industrial park "Kaluga-South". The center will be able to prepare 5 thousand qualified specialists. Teachers of colleges and technical schools will also be able to undergo advanced training there. In the new standards, the focus is shifting to practical training. If in old programs the ratio was — 60–70% theory and 30–40% practice, then now vice versa — 30% theory and 70% practice. Plus, a large percentage of modern educational technologies are included: augmented reality, video tutorials, etc. By the way, IT specialists and programmers who are fashionable today are also trained in colleges.

What is the risk of haste?

So far, in the regions, the process of reforming education is far from going as smoothly as we would like. For example, the Voronezh Industrial and Technological College — one of the few educational institutions in the city that produce universal turners. Till. Why?

  The new standard of education does not include this profession, — laments college director Oleg Artemiev. — There is a CNC machine operator there, but we don't have the funds to buy such machines  There are only old lathes from the 1950s and 1960s. And after all, turners are needed and will always be required! They are worth their weight in gold today. Google what salaries they offer!

And how do the guys know that they need to go to turners? When was the last time a film was made that praised the working profession? Remember “Moscow does not believe in tears”? There, the heroes discussed:  Goshi had appendicitis — so the dissertation professors got up. There is no one to embody the theory in life. Jobs are in high demand. But the modern children have other examples before their eyes, they are all eager to bloggers! We need to change the situation.

We carry out career guidance, go to schools, tell stories. And the state very correctly decided to recreate youth organizations. You should look to the future, and for this, the guys need to be pulled out of social networks. At our Open Doors Day, children get acquainted with professions in practice. The child here can also solder sensors or dig into the engine. Children need to be integrated into the profession after the seventh or eighth grade. Then there is a chance that the person will not regret the path he chose.

Head of the Legislative Assembly of the Irkutsk Region. Alexander Vedernikovbelieves that deputies need to visit colleges and  technical schools, so that, based on the results of their trips, together with the government of the region, develop measures to support educational institutions: «The deeper we dive into the topic, the greater the understanding of how many problems have accumulated. This is an outdated material and technical base, and a lack of dormitories, and a shortage of teaching staff. Vedernikov believes that interaction between relevant ministries and serious financial injections are needed.

But how to make the right choice: go to college or enter a university? "I try not to give advice, — says Nerses Nersesyan. — One thing I can say: college — this is applied knowledge, including work with hands, here knowledge is obtained mainly through tactile skills.

What kind of work awaits a college graduate?

Vocational secondary education provides a profession in demand. Does guarantee material well-being?

The median salary of vacancies for such workers — 47.5 & nbsp; thousand rub. That is, half of them will receive more than this amount, and half — smaller. Scatter — from 20 to 140 thousand rub. per month — follows from HeadHunter's database of job offers. 20 thous. — money, maybe not so big, but employment for a person in a simple construction or manufacturing specialty is guaranteed. On average, there are 6 7 applicants for one vacancy. But among workers, the competition is only 1.4 people per place, in construction — 1.6, in manufacturing — 2.5. Moreover, over the year, the number of such vacancies on the online job search service has grown from 15 to 38 thousands. This means that a college graduate can get a job in a  specialty almost in a day: personnel officers hunt every new job seeker in the labor market.

"Most of all vacancies for workers with secondary specialized education are posted for workers (7 thousand vacancies) and construction (6.5 thousand) specialties — says head of hh.ru research service Maria Ignatova. — The top five among working professions in terms of demand today are adjusters (2.7 thousand vacancies), fitters (2.2 thousand), locksmiths (2 thousand), mechanics (2 thousand jobs). ) and machine operators (1.3 thousand). Only                    Tatarstan and Krasnoyarsk Territory».

With such a high demand for people in relatively simple professions, their salaries should grow faster. However, this does not happen. Labor market researchers attribute this paradox to a simple circumstance. Most people in the professions taught in colleges are directly involved in the creation of goods or, for example, the construction of houses. Their salary — part of the cost of the final product. If it increases it, the price of what they produce will also increase and it will be harder to sell.

College Jobs position salary (on hand) Estimate measurer (renovation of apartments) 100–250  thousand rubles    Car Mechanic  70–135 ths. rub.  Electrician 60–100 ths. rub  Source: HeadHunter 

«The growth of salaries for this category of workers is possible only together with an increase in the efficiency of their labor, — believes Director of the Center for Labor Studies at the National Research University Higher School of Economics Vladimir Gimpelson. — If an employer invests in technologies, and its workers master more complex machines and mechanisms, salaries grow faster there. When  they act at the expense of the mass, increasing output by adding the number of workers, it is impossible to increase their income».

As a result, the factor of shortage of personnel with secondary specialized education contributes to the growth of their incomes by 3–5%, Headhunter believes.

Now the labor market will shift towards applied professions, we are sure economists. Sanctions, restriction of access to & nbsp; technologies, import substitution will require the use of more manual labor. As a result, the demand for people with college degrees will grow even more.

"A good secondary vocational education opens up many more opportunities than a mediocre higher education — Aleksey Zakharov, the founder of the SuperJob.Ru employment service, is sure. — In modern production, the line between „white“ and „blue“ collars — the person operating the robotic conveyor sits in a no less comfortable chair than his boss. And receives quite decent money. There are problems with personnel at old enterprises, where people are needed to sweep sawdust. A graduate from a good college won't go there, he'll get a much more interesting and money job.

Who is the hardest to find a job Professional field Percentage of employees who have been looking for a job for more than six months, % Senior management 33 Lawyers 26 Safety 25 Science, education 25 Civil service 25   Production, agriculture

25 Source: HeadHunter A for China college  — luxury

How are training for working professions organized in other countries?

— The same system of secondary vocational education as in Russia, — 4 years of study after grade 9 and 2 years after grade 11, upon completion of which a diploma is issued, — in  other countries almost none, — says Chief Research Fellow, Professor at the Institute of Education at the National Research University Higher School of Economics Irina Abankina.   In Germany, for example, the so-called sandwich system is popular: a person studies-works, studies-works, gradually accumulating the required level of qualification. Often guys who can not decide who they work with do run to university, but try to get such an education.

In European countries, various short training courses are organized by famous masters, firms or the state, as, for example, in Finland. They are usually paid. The cost, as well as the duration of training and entrance tests depend on whether a person is studying for himself or in order to earn money, whether a job is then provided etc. d.

In  America, after graduation, you can go to  professional courses. And you can go to college. Colleges in the USA are very popular, they are actually the first stage of higher education. They are usually 2 year olds. A college degree noticeably raises a person's status.

In Chinese, the guys who are guided by  universities go after the 9th grade to academic high school (it is also paid). The other part is trying to enter professional schools (vocational school). By the way, in China, any education after the 9th grade is paid. Only in certain industries that are supported by the state, agricultural, for example, are large discounts on education in vocational schools.

In they prepare everyone — and specialists for the banking sector, and workers for manufacturing and agriculture, and cultural workers. Training is practice-oriented, taught by the best masters. At the same time, everything that is produced by the students is sold. There are such schools at 30% at the expense of the state, at 30% at the expense of a sponsoring enterprise appointed by the state, and the rest is earned by the school itself through payment for tuition, sale of services or manufactured products.

But no more 40% of graduates go to vocational schools or universities. And & nbsp; 55 & ndash; 60% after 9 years of compulsory school do not continue education at all. Why? Even 500 dollars a a year for tuition many Chinese families cannot pay in condition. Therefore, the children immediately begin to work.

Who were the vocational schools waiting for in the USSR?

How many people went to study at universities, and how many — in technical schools in the times of the USSR? And whose choice turned out to be more correct?

This year, universities prepared only 588 044 state-funded places for applicants. According to the Ministry of Education, this is 11.5 thousand. more than last year. In 2023   the department plans to transfer more than 590 thousand rubles to the budget. applicants. In total we we have more than 4 million university students —  including paid seats.

In the USSR, higher education was much less accessible. The maximum number of students for the entire Soviet period was in the mid-1980s. For example, in 1985    the RSFSR had 635 thousand people. places for nearly 1.8 million high school graduates. And if the enrollment figures in  universities continued to grow every year, then institutions of secondary specialized education from year to recruited an approximately equal number of students. In 1965  they accepted (throughout the entire USSR) 660,000. students, from 1974 to 1987  the average enrollment figure did not exceed 800 thousand

Soviet higher education required from the student not only diligence, but also intelligence. C students were cut off at the stage of entrance exams. They and were taken away by the system of primary and secondary vocational education. She could give many professions for any level of ability and intelligence. As a result, only those who really needed it and who were able to master it went to receive higher education. And the overwhelming majority of diplomas were given by hard work.

The training program in vocational schools and technical schools was many times easier. At the same time, a skilled worker in the USSR could receive twice as much as an engineer. Those who worked at  plants and factories were entitled to significant social packages: medicine, boarding houses and dispensaries for workers, pioneer camps for their children. The scientific staff of numerous research institutes, where they went after the institutes, were forced to be content with much more modest living conditions. And it was more difficult with   — a worker could go the way “from” a simple milling machine operator to “a shop manager”. For further advancement, you still had to get a higher education, but already by correspondence, fairly formal.

“In order to get little, you have to study for a long time”?

Working dynasties — this term from the Soviet past is still relevant today. And the older generations in these dynasties see their children as successors of   

At the VIZ-Steel plant 11 dynasties with a total experience of more than 100 years. In the photo: the factory dynasty of the Kabalins – Shchipanovs, whose experience has reached 400 years! Photo: VIZ-Steel press service.

“Workers also need knowledge”

Alexander Kalganov is sure of this, foreman of the cold rolling shop of the VIZ-Steel plant from Ekaterinburg, a representative of a working dynasty with a total work experience of 130 years:

— Metallurgists at the plant worked three generations of our family, including my grandmother and grandfather. From my point of view, there is an undeniable plus in working at the enterprise: stability. A profession that you won't lose in your life, a decent salary, a good social package, career growth opportunities — weighty arguments in favor of choosing a working specialty.  I don't have a higher education, but I still made a good career: I started out as stacker-packer, and now I hold the position of foreman.

Many years ago, my father brought me to the plant. But  none of us ever went to production just because one of relatives worked here. There was always a personal desire and a certain material interest. My dad Sergey Vladimirovichworked at the factory for 44 years, started as a carpenter's apprentice. He followed the footsteps of his parents to the factory. And my younger brother said: «Plant — it's not mine». And nobody persuaded him to change his mind.

I have a schoolgirl daughter growing up. But I not sure I want her to finish college after high school and come to work with us. However, no attempts to influence its decision from our side will follow. As for education, I believe that in the foreseeable future, 99% of the production will be related to computers. In              shop, all processes are controlled by modern units with automated systems of a new generation, and    production quality is monitored by artificial intelligence. Therefore, future generations of workers will need knowledge. And, quite possibly, a high school diploma.

 Not in happiness yachts»

— For many years, together with two of my brothers I have been engaged in renovation — recognized by Alexander Teterlevfrom the village of Kochevo, Perm region. — A we are also building bathhouses, private houses, kindergartens. In the children mainly study as teachers, physicians and foresters —    there is no other work in villages and villages. But if you have the ingenuity and hands grow from where — you can live normally.  I have acquaintances who, with two higher educations, earn less than me. Sometimes I joke about them: “To get a little, you need to study for a long time.” A bitter joke, but often it is so. And & nbsp; if no jokes … Now in & nbsp; hospitals there is a shortage of nurses & nbsp; the same orderlies are paid pennies. Simple labor is so devalued that no one wants to go to such a job. And the state needs to think hard about this so that there is no shortage of workers.

When a university is behind , it's good. But during my youth we we we didn apply to institutes to not hang around the neck of parents, —     in the 1990s, it was impossible to combine study and part-time work. And let my kids decide what they like . A daughter, for example, wants to become a teacher. And I will not force her to study at university as lawyer or economist. Do you want them to have a high-paying job? I don't want them to be unhappy, striving for  riches” and feeling that palaces with pools and yachts — it's an impossible goal. Maybe you just need to set different goals? 

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Zelensky’s office allowed loss of control over Liman

Aleksey Arestovich said that, according to preliminary data, the Ukrainian military had lost control over Liman in the Donetsk region. The authorities of the DPR announced the beginning of the assault on the city on May 24 Zelensky's office allowed the loss of control over Lyman” />

Ukraine's armed forces, according to preliminary data, retreated from the city of Liman in the Donetsk region, said Aleksey Arestovich, adviser to the head of the office of the Ukrainian president.

“According to unverified reports, we lost the city of Liman. This still needs to be checked, & mdash; he emphasized. Arestovich also pointed to the “increased level of operational management and skills” of the Russian army.

Liman (formerly Krasny Liman) is located in the Kramatorsk district, about 20 km from Slavyansk.

Earlier, on May 26, the Kotsnews Telegram channel, which is run by a Komsomolskaya Pravda correspondent ; Alexander Kots posted a video in which, according to the author, the Russian military are walking along the Liman.

The head of the Donetsk People's Republic, Denis Pushilin, announced on May 24 that the forces of the people's militia, together with Russian units, began an assault on Liman. At that time, according to Pushilin, the Russian military controlled half of the city.

On the same day, the DPR authorities reported on the capture of the city of Svetlodarsk in the Donetsk region, which was previously under the control of Ukraine. The mayor of neighboring Debaltsevo (the DPR has controlled it since 2015, and until that time Svetlodarsk was subordinate to the Debaltsevo city council) Igor Zakharevich said that a Russian flag was raised over the administration building. The head of the Svetlodar military administration, Sergei Goshko, confirmed this.

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At the same time, the People's Militia of the DPR claims that they do not plan to enter Avdiivka (a city 9km north of Donetsk). The military intend to completely block the city, which is under the control of the Ukrainian military, and after that “talk” with them.

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The FSB announced the attempts of “radicals” from Ukraine to get into Russia

According to the FSB, since February, 250 representatives of “right-wing radical and nationalist elements” have tried to enter Russia. The ministry said that the situation on the border with Ukraine is difficult and border units have been strengthened jpg” alt=”The FSB announced attempts by “radicals” from Ukraine to get into Russia” />

“Right-right and nationalist elements” are trying to get into Russia under the guise of refugees, including those who participated in the hostilities in the south-east of Ukraine. About this “Rossiyskaya Gazeta” said the head of the FSB Border Service, Vladimir Kulishov.

According to him, since mid-February, Russian border guards, together with employees of the National Guard and territorial security agencies, have identified “about 250 persons of this category.”

He stated that the flow of refugees from Ukraine has grown significantly “due to the growing military danger and the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in the Donbas.” Since mid-February, according to Kulishov, more than 1 million Russian and Ukrainian citizens have crossed the border.

The FSB is monitoring the situation on the border with Ukraine, Kulishov added. He stated that the situation there was difficult, accused the Ukrainian side of shelling Russian border guards and carrying out “actions of intimidation”— artillery strikes on populated areas in Russia. In this regard, he said, the border units of Russia were reinforced with reserves and “deployed additional temporary border posts.”

After the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, the authorities of the Russian border regions repeatedly reported shelling of settlements. On May 19, the head of the Kursk region said that a man was killed during the shelling of the village of Tetkino from the Ukrainian side. On May 11, according to the governor of the Belgorod region Vyacheslav Gladkov, shelling of the village of Solokhi led to the death of a man. The head of the region called the situation “the most difficult since the shelling.”

After that, presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov called on local authorities to take additional security measures. Asked whether Russia would respond to civilian deaths and the impact of the incident on operations and security measures, Peskov said: “First of all, this is still a situation that makes it necessary to take additional measures in areas adjacent to Ukraine.”

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CNN learned about the intention of the United States to supply Ukraine with multiple rocket launchers

Multiple rocket launchers will be part of a new military aid package for Ukraine that the US will announce next week, CNN reports. Kyiv has repeatedly said that it needs such weapons, but Washington was in no hurry to supply

The administration of US President Joe Biden is considering transferring multiple rocket launchers to Ukraine, CNN reports, citing sources. According to the channel, they may be part of a new military aid package that the United States authorities will announce next week.

According to CNN, Pentagon officials met with the CEO of Lockheed Martin last week to discuss supplies and increasing production of MLRS.

Video

The systems produced in the USA are capable of launching missiles hundreds of kilometers— much further than those already available to Ukraine. In Kyiv, they believe that their transfer to the Ukrainian side can change the course of hostilities, the channel notes.

Ukrainian authorities, particularly President Volodymyr Zelensky, have said the country needs the M142 HIMARS and M270 MLRS multiple launch rocket systems. However, the Biden administration refused for several weeks amid fears expressed in the National Security Council that Ukraine could use weapons for shelling in Russia, the channel’s interlocutors said.

The issue was discussed at two White House meetings, officials interviewed by CNN, who questioned whether Russia would view sending heavier weapons to Ukraine as a provocation that could have repercussions for the US, officials interviewed by CNN said. Another reason why the United States was in no hurry to transfer the MLRS, — doubts whether Washington can afford to give away so many high quality military weapons. The TV channel notes that similar concerns were expressed before the decision to send M777 howitzers to Ukraine.

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According to CNN sources, the authorities are discussing the transfer of shorter-range missile systems to Ukraine. It will take about two weeks to train the Ukrainian military on how to use them, they believe.

As Politico wrote, in recent months the United States has supplied Ukraine with old Soviet-era missile systems stored in allied warehouses, but Kyiv expects to receive more modern American MLRS. According to the publication, Washington was slow to send them, because the United States does not want the escalation and prolongation of the conflict.

The fact that Kyiv needs heavy weapons was also said by Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba: “We need both more heavy weapons, especially MLRS, can be delivered as soon as possible to repel Russian attacks. Russian Minister Sergei Lavrov warns that the supply of weapons by Western countries to Ukraine, which can reach the territory of Russia, will lead to an escalation. Moscow considers “inflating” arms supplies to Ukraine; at the same time, the Kremlin believes that they will not prevent Russia from achieving the goals of the military operation.

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The court in Kyiv gave 14 years to the military from the Crimea, who previously served in the Armed Forces of Ukraine

According to the prosecutor's office, Mikhail Kazarenko previously served in Crimea in the coast guard of the Ukrainian Navy, and in 2014 he transferred to the Russian Armed Forces. On February 25, he again ended up on Ukrainian territory and was soon captured alt=”Court in Kyiv gave 14 years to a military man from Crimea, who previously served in the Armed Forces of Ukraine” />

A court in Kyiv sentenced a soldier from Crimea to 14 years in prison, who served in the armed forces of Ukraine before the annexation of the peninsula to Russia. This is reported by the office of the country's Prosecutor General on its Facebook page (owned by Meta, whose activities are recognized as extremist in Russia and banned). He was found guilty of treason and desertion.

The Prosecutor General's Office did not give the name of the convict. Ukrainian edition of “Grati” reports that we are talking about Mikhail Kazarenko, who previously served in the Coast Guard of the country's Navy. In 2014, he joined the Russian Armed Forces.

According to the prosecutor's office, on February 25, the day after the start of the Russian military operation, the soldier again ended up in Ukraine as part of the Russian troops that entered Novaya Kakhovka, Kherson region, and was soon captured.

Earlier, the Ukrainian side reported sentencing two colleagues of Kazarenko: for example, the Dnipro court found Major Dmitry Shishkanov and Captain Igor Rudenko guilty of treason. They received 14 and 15 years in prison respectively.

On May 23, a court in Kyiv passed a sentence on Russian military Vadim Shishimarin, who was found guilty under Part 2 of Art. 438 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine (violations of the laws and customs of war associated with premeditated murder). A 21-year-old serviceman was accused of killing a civilian in the Sumy region and sentenced to life imprisonment.

The court in the Poltava region is considering the cases of two more Russian military men— Alexander Bobykin and Alexander Ivanov, who are accused of violating the laws and customs of war. According to the investigation, they fired at “critical infrastructure facilities and residential buildings.” in the Kharkov region. The prosecutor's office requested 12 years in prison for each.

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Russia has been conducting a military operation in Ukraine since February 24. The Ministry of Defense claims that military personnel do not strike at civilian infrastructure facilities and their actions do not pose a threat to civilians.

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AP reported on the possibility of Russian businessmen to “pay off” from sanctions

AP: The West is discussing the lifting of sanctions on Russian businessmen in exchange for assistance to Ukraine The head of the Canadian Ministry of Finance, after conversations with “Russian oligarchs”, suggested that the G7 countries lift sanctions from them in exchange for transferring money for the restoration of Ukraine, AP reports. Western countries are interested in the idea, they know about it in Kyiv

Chrystia Freeland

Western countries are considering the idea of ​​giving Russian businessmen the opportunity to “pay off” from sanctions in exchange for the fact that their funds will be used to restore Ukraine, the Associated Press (AP) reports, citing sources.

According to the agency, a similar initiative was made by the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance of Canada, Chrystia Freeland, at a meeting of representatives of the G7 countries. (G7: Canada, UK, Germany, Italy, France, Japan and the US) last week. According to the interlocutors of the agency, Freeland raised this issue after discussing with the “Russian oligarchs”: the Canadian minister has known some of them since her journalistic work in Moscow (she headed the Moscow bureau of the Financial Times for several years).

The Ukrainian side is aware of these discussions, one of the interlocutors told AP. According to him, the West is interested in seeing “prominent Russian oligarchs dissociate themselves from [Russian President Vladimir] Putin.” and at the same time provided funding for Ukraine.

The source of the agency stressed that while it is only an idea, no decisions have been made. But, according to him, Western countries are interested in such an opportunity. As noted by AP, the proposal could help remove legal obstacles for the authorities in countries like Germany, where the procedure for confiscation of frozen assets is very difficult. According to sources, if Russian businessmen voluntarily give up part of their property abroad, this will simplify the task.

The European Union, the United States, Britain and other states began to impose sanctions against Russia, including against businessmen, due to military operation in Ukraine. According to the European Commission, cited by AP, to date, the assets of Russians in the EU have been frozen for almost €10 billion ($10.7 billion).

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In early May, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said that $600 billion would be needed to restore the country after the Russian military operation. Prime Minister of Ukraine Denys Shmygal also mentioned this amount. According to him, so much will be needed to restore the economy and infrastructure in the long term. The Ukrainian leader proposed concluding a multilateral international treaty providing for the confiscation and transfer of Russian assets abroad in favor of those who “suffered from the actions of the Russian army.”

The head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, said that the EU is looking for ways to use the assets of Russians frozen under the sanctions to restore Ukraine. In turn, US President Joe Biden proposed to approve a comprehensive package of laws that provide for the use of confiscated assets of Russian businessmen to assist Ukraine. Earlier, the US House of Representatives passed a law allowing seized Russian assets to be used for these purposes: their total value is estimated at $2 million.

In the Kremlin, the seizure of assets of Russian businessmen was compared to a robbery in the Wild West. According to presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov, the country's entrepreneurs honestly earned what they confiscated due to sanctions, they are not oligarchs.

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Corriere della Sera learned of Johnson’s proposal to create an alternative to the EU

Corriere della Sera: Johnson proposed to Kyiv to create an alliance in response to the “threats to Russia” According to Johnson's proposal, the UK, Ukraine, Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania should join the political, economic and military alliance, later Turkey may join them

Corriere della Sera learned about Johnson's proposal to create an alternative to the EU

Volodymyr Zelensky and Boris Johnson

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson proposed the creation of a political, economic and military alliance that would be an alternative to the European Union. This is reported by the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera, citing sources.

According to the publication, Johnson first voiced his idea at a meeting with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky in Kyiv on April 9. According to the newspaper, the British Prime Minister believes that the alliance should include countries “united by distrust of Brussels, as well as Germany's reaction to Russia's military aggression.”

Video

Newspaper with a link on the interlocutors who participate in the World Economic Forum in Davos, he writes that the members of the European community, which Johnson proposes to create, as planned by the prime minister, should be the UK, Ukraine, Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania; Turkey may later join the association.

The sources say it will be an alliance of states that “zealously defend national sovereignty,” have a liberal approach to the economy, and are “determined to be as uncompromising as possible against the military threat from Moscow.”

Corriere della Sera writes that negotiations between London and Kyiv are ongoing; The Ukrainian authorities have not yet expressed a clear position in relation to this idea, but they have not rejected it either. According to the newspaper, Zelensky is waiting for the EU summit on June 23, where participants will discuss Ukraine's application for membership. Kyiv expects to receive the status of a candidate member of the European Union following the meeting.

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In 2014, Ukraine and the European Union signed an association agreement. Ukraine's aspiration to join the EU has been enshrined in the country's Constitution since 2019. On February 28, a few days after the start of the Russian military operation, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky signed an application for the country's accession to the EU, asking for approval “immediately”. In mid-March, the European Council decided that the European Commission should present its own opinion on the issue of Ukraine's accession. The country's authorities have filled out a questionnaire that should help Brussels decide whether Kyiv will become a candidate for membership.

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Belgorod governor announced the death of a woman after the shelling of the village

Gladkov announced the death of a woman who was wounded the day before during shelling of the village of Zhuravlevka from Ukraine. Since the beginning of the military operation on the territory of Russia, three people have died as a result of shelling

Consequences of the shelling of the village of Zhuravlevka

A woman who suffered during the shelling of the village of Zhuravlevka in the Belgorod region has died. The head of the region, Vyacheslav Gladkov, announced this on Telegram.

“We are in trouble again. The woman who was wounded yesterday died of her wounds,— he wrote.

Gladkov reported on the wounding of a woman in Zhuravlevka as a result of shelling the day before, on May 26. According to him, the village was shelled by the Armed Forces of Ukraine all day. The victim was in critical condition and could not be taken out for several hours, after which they were taken to intensive care.

The governor said that the situation in the region was “generally calm”, except for a number of areas bordering Ukraine, first of all, this concerned Zhuravlevka, the village of Sereda and the Nekhoteevka farm. “Until further notice, until you are informed that everything is calm, in no case should you visit these villages!” he emphasized.

In the Belgorod region, from April 11, a high, “yellow” color was introduced the level of terrorist threat, on the eve of Gladkov extended its action for another two weeks— until June 9th. This regime provides for enhanced work of law enforcement agencies, local residents are advised to avoid crowds and take documents with them.

The head of the region has been reporting shelling in the Belgorod region for several weeks, by May 25 in Zhuravlevka and Nekhoteevka 41 cars and 82 buildings were damaged due to shelling. He pointed out that it was not yet possible to carry out repair work under these conditions, as the builders would be in danger.

On May 11, Gladkov reported on the victim during the shelling of the village of Solokhi. “At the moment, one person has died, died in an ambulance, and three are injured, they are receiving all the necessary assistance,” — he wrote at the time, calling the situation “the worst ever since the shelling.”

The authorities in the neighboring Kursk region, which also borders Ukraine, also reported deaths due to shelling. Governor Roman Starovoit spoke on May 18 about the shelling of the village of Tetkino for the second time in a day, because of which the sugar factory was damaged, and “our soldiers repulsed the attack.” The next morning, he reported that a man had died during the strike on the plant. “This is the truck driver who brought raw materials to the distillery. The enemy struck several blows at this object. There are also wounded,— Starovoit wrote.

The Kremlin called on the authorities of the regions bordering Ukraine to take additional security measures. “All other measures” these are the measures that our military can talk about, — added the representative of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov.

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Vorobyov explained the growth of emigration from Russia with “emotions and fear”

Governor of the Moscow Region Andrey Vorobyov does not consider it a betrayal to temporarily leave citizens abroad “because of fear or emotions” against the background of the military conflict in Ukraine

Andrey Vorobyov

Temporary departure of citizens abroad against the backdrop of the military operation in Ukraine “because of fear or emotions” should not be considered a betrayal, Andrey Vorobyov, the governor of the Moscow Region, said in an interview with RBC.

“Betrayal” this is not a temporary departure abroad, because it may be due to emotions or fear,— the head of the region is sure.— Betrayal— these are actions, speeches that are deliberately aimed at discrediting our country and our citizens.

According to Vorobyov, Russians who disagree with the position of the authorities on the situation in Ukraine can “scold the authorities at all costs.” “But when you start deliberately slandering and harming— this is a betrayal, — he's sure.— And traitors are not loved anywhere, that's a fact. Including on the other side.

The governor sees the reason for the polarization of opinions in society associated with the military operation in Ukraine in the absence and incorrect alignment of communication. «Need to talk— and there will be no polarization, — he counted.

According to Vorobyov, the existence of different opinions about the military operation, including among civil servants, is normal. “Another thing is that you need to patiently explain to those who think so what goals we are pursuing in the course of a military operation, to be ready for a discussion, — he says.— But if a person does not share our ideology, he is superfluous in our team, it happens.

The governor noted that he is implementing the “principle of democracy,” which implies that “you can argue and disagree at the stage of discussion, but if a decision is made, it must be consistently implemented.” “And to effectively perform something when you are jarring from the inside, it won’t work, you won’t go far with such a thing,— he concluded.— Therefore, it is better for such a person to do something else.

Vorobyov called the level of support for the special operation by the population of the Moscow region high. “I can tell by my communication with schoolchildren, and with students, with older people: the majority understands and supports,” — he said.

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Earlier, Russian Field drew up portraits of supporters and opponents of the special operation . As it turned out, among non-supporters there are more women than men, and among supporters, most of all law enforcement officers and civil servants. Opponents of the military operation— mostly workers in science, culture, media and advertising.

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The West is discussing the lifting of sanctions against Russian businessmen in exchange for assistance to Ukraine: Aven and Fridman have already burned themselves on this

According to the West, Russian businessmen can “pay off” sanctions.

In the West, it was proposed to provide Russian businessmen with the opportunity to “pay off” from the sanctions imposed against them.

This will become possible if business representatives direct their financial assistance to the restoration of Ukraine.

According to the Associated Press, the initiative was initiated by Canadian Prime Minister and Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland.

He voiced his opinion at the G7 meeting.

She said that she discussed this initiative with & #8220;Russian oligarchs”, whom she met when she was working at the Moscow bureau of the Financial Times.

Ukraine was informed of such proposals.

It is emphasized that the speech It's just about possibilities. No decisions have been made on this matter.

The West is interested in going in this direction, since it is very difficult to confiscate the frozen assets of Russian oligarchs who have fallen under sanctions.

The sources of the publication note that if businessmen give up part of their property in other countries, this will simplify the task for the West and help Ukraine financially.

Recall that among those who fell under Western sanctions were Russian businessmen Petr Aven and Mikhail Fridman.

Brussel imposed restrictive measures against them in response to the SVO Russia in Ukraine.

According to European officials, Aven “benefited from his connections in power”, and Fridman “established strong ties with the administration of Vladimir Putin”.

The day before it was reported that that the British authorities did not begin to lift sanctions against Aven and Friedman, despite the fact that they promised this after the businessmen transferred 150 million euros to Ukraine.

Thus, Aven and Friedman were recommended to donate money to Ukraine, which would help remove restrictions.

Specially for charity, the funds of philanthropists were unfrozen, but after the transfer of a huge amount for refugees, the funds were frozen again.

Moreover, a criminal case was opened against Aven, and his collection of art objects was arrested.

In addition, businessmen were denied a one-time trip to the continent from the UK, threatening with imprisonment.

Earlier, TopNews wrote that the UK had introduced restrictive measures against Alina Kabaeva.

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Also The gymnast's grandmother was on the list.

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When will the exam in social studies take place?

In 2022, the Unified State Examination in science will be held on June 9  This year, the           moved to  the second part, where you need to analyze the drawing and show your theoretical knowledge. They also removed a mini-essay on one of statements (this task was considered one of the most difficult) and task No. 28 (detailed answer according to text). They replaced with tasks No 24 (drawing up a complex plan for a report) and     (writing a rationale for a political, social or economic process with examples).

Task # 1 (writing a missing word in table), task 2 (search for a general concept) and task# 20 (inserting words into text) have been removed. Task # 22 (explanation of the term from text) and task No 26 (giving examples on a given topic) were also excluded.

Task # 10 with a schedule of supply and demand, in which it was necessary to choose an answer, has now become task No. 21, requiring a detailed answer. The USE also added a new task No. 23, in which you need to describe the provisions of the Constitution and the legislation of the Russian Federation.

In total, there are 25 buildings in the USE in social science (was 29).

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What is the minimum number of USE points?

In 2022, the minimum number of USE points for admission — 45.

How long is the exam?

Time for the exam — 180 minutes.

Where and when can I find out the results of the USE?

Participants of the USE in 2022 will be able to view their results on the Unified Portal of Public Services. To do this, go to "Documents" section, subsection "Education". Also, the service of acquaintance with the results of the exam on the website of Rosobrnadzor — checkege.rustest.ru.

The USE result will be available on June 23 

Source:

https://www.garant.ru

>

http://publication.pravo.gov.ru

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More than half of the monthly rainfall fell in Moscow in a day

Over the past day, more than half of the monthly rainfall fell in Moscow.

According to the leading employee of the Phobos weather center, Evgeny Tishkovets, 21 mm of precipitation fell at the VDNH weather station (41% of the monthly norm), and at the Balchug weather station – 27 mm (more than half of the total volume in May).

A lot of precipitation, according to him, was recorded also in a number of settlements of the Moscow region. Thus, 27 mm fell in Mikhailovsky, 25 mm fell in Gorki Leninskye.

During Friday, May 27, the probability of showers will continue, but their intensity will noticeably weaken, the forecaster wrote in his Telegram channel.

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According to the forecast of the Hydrometeorological Center, cloudy weather with clearings, intermittent rain, and a thunderstorm are expected in the capital on Friday. During the day, the air will warm up to +16…+18.

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The Cabinet of Ministers has simplified the procedure for purchasing equipment for scientific organizations

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin signed a decree to simplify the procurement of materials and equipment for universities and scientific organizations, according to the government website.

The list includes chemicals, computers and software software, as well as electronic and optical equipment. Universities and scientific organizations will be able to purchase goods from this list through an electronic request for quotations.

It is noted that such a measure will reduce the procurement time, as well as reduce the risk of a shortage of imported equipment and avoid canceling the planned projects.

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The report emphasizes that earlier such goods and equipment were purchased through an open tender, which excluded the possibility of prompt purchases.

Earlier it became known that Russian retailers began to purchase electronics through parallel imports. According to representatives of M.Video, the first batches of electronics have already gone on open sale.

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Putin congratulated Jews on the Day of Salvation and Liberation

Russian President Vladimir Putin congratulated Russian Jews on Iyar 26 – the Day of Salvation and Liberation. The congratulations are published on the Kremlin website.

“This holiday has a special moral significance and occupies an important place in the Jewish religious calendar. It personifies the sacred memory of the immortal feat of the fighters and commanders of the Red Army, who crushed Nazism, saved the Jewish and other peoples of Europe and the world from total annihilation, – the telegram says.

Head The state expressed confidence that the holiday will help to preserve the spiritual, historical, cultural traditions of Russian Jews, as well as to consolidate efforts in countering any manifestations of anti-Semitism, attempts to falsify historical truth, justify the crimes of the Nazis and their accomplices.

Separately, Vladimir Putin congratulated the veterans who made their personal contribution to the Great Victory. The head of state wished them health and well-being.

26 Iyar  is a new holiday in honor of the victory over fascism, the “Jewish Victory Day”. Its main meaning is not to let the world forget about what a terrible evil fascism was and who defeated this evil.

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Poll: more than 28% of Russians stopped or became less likely to visit paid doctors

Since March, more than a quarter of Russian citizens (over 28%) have completely refused or have begun to use less paid medical services, Kommersant reports. with reference to data from a survey of end-to-end analytics service Calltouch.

Specialists analyzed 10 million calls to 490 clinics. It turned out that every fifth respondent made a choice in favor of clinics with lower prices. 25% of respondents reported that they use free services most often.

According to Alla Kanunnikova, director of marketing and commercial activities at one of the clinics, this can be explained by a decrease in the popularity of services related to the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19. Also, patients have become less likely to go to doctors of mass specialties – to pediatricians, therapists. But the popularity of narrow-profile specialists has decreased slightly, and somewhere, on the contrary, it has slightly increased. Demand for laser vision correction increased by 50% in March, and by 30% for dentistry.

Earlier, the Ministry of Industry and Trade announced that domestically produced medical equipment should take half of the Russian market in two years. Entrepreneurs are planning to give tax breaks and preferential loans.

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About young heroes. The Victory Museum will host events dedicated to Children’s Day

On June 1, the Victory Museum will host a festive program timed to coincide with the celebration of International Children's Day. On this day, the entrance to the main building of the museum for large families will be free (except for the expositions “Feat of the People” and “Battle for Moscow. First Victory”).

“On this day, we invite children and parents to join this kind, wonderful holiday. In our museum, visitors are waiting for exciting excursions, master classes, film screenings and other entertaining and educational events», — organizers said.

A large film program has been prepared for the guests of the museum, within the framework of which from 12:00 visitors will see 10 animated videos of the "Children's Book of War" At the heart of the commercials — revived diaries of those who carried all the horrors of the Great Patriotic War on an equal footing with adults. The cartoons are voiced by famous theater and film artists, TV presenters, etc.  Guests will also watch and discuss a short film of seven true stories about heroic deeds committed by young residents of Russian cities, — "No time for heroism".

In addition, visitors will be invited to a private screening of the 20-minute film “Your Live Broadcast”. The film tells about the hard fate of the girl Mila and her younger brother Andrey, whose mother died, and their father suffers from alcoholism. Experiencing life's troubles, Mila decides to become her brother's guardian and start life from scratch.

Museum guests, upon prior registration, will be able to visit a free tour of the large-scale exhibition “The Feat of the People”, which will be conducted by a theater and film actress Miroslava Karpovich. Also, for everyone there will be an open lesson from the Center for Aesthetic Education Alexey Egorovwhere you can practice fine arts and feel the real atmosphere of an artistic plein air.

The film program will end with the screening of the film “Africa”. The action of the picture takes place in 1943 on the outskirts of besieged Leningrad. Three children and their mother remain in the deserted village. In search of food, the guys set off on the road, facing a difficult choice — save a family or a wounded dog that they find at the scene of the battle. 

The finale of the festive program of the day will be a concert that will be held as part of the Patriotic festival of children's creativity “Cranes of Victory”. Soloists of the Art-Express Foundation for the Support of Gifted Children will take part in the concert. All participants are laureates of international and all-Russian competitions.

The event starts at 10:30. More details about the holiday program can be found on the website.

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When will the exam in biology take place?

Graduates will take the USE in biology on June 14. The total number of USE assignments in biology has not changed, there will be 28 of them.

What changes have been made to the USE in biology? 

This year, the USE removed task 1 for supplementing the scheme and added a new task 2, which tests the ability to predict the results of an experiment in the physiology of cells and organisms. Task 6 (task on genetics) became task 4. In addition to this task 5 & ndash; 8 are collected in a single module. They test knowledge and skills on the topic “Cell as a biological system”, and tasks 7–8 — knowledge of the topic “Organism as a biological system”.

Also, task 22 was made more difficult in the second part. Now it tests knowledge on setting up an experiment and interpreting its results. The assignment is now worth 3 points.

What is the minimum number of USE points?

In 2022 the minimum number of USE points for admission — 39.

How long is the exam? 

The exam time — 3 hours 55 minutes (235 minutes).

 Where and When can I find out the results of the USE?

Participants of the USE 2022 will be able to view their results on the Unified Portal of Public Services. To do this, go to the section “Documents”, subsection “Education”. The service for getting acquainted with the results of the USE on the website of Rosobrnadzor — checkege.rustest.ru.

The USE result will be available on June 28.

Source: https://www.garant.ru/, http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/, https://obrnadzor.gov.ru 
 

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Which of the graduates can not take the exam?

Expert Answer 0 + –

Theoretically — any child, if he is ready to receive a school leaving certificate instead of a high school diploma. 

Recall that in the pandemic years of 2020 and 2021, children who did not plan to continue to enter universities were exempted from passing the exam. In the certificate, grades in all subjects were set at the end of the year. In 2022, the country returned to the rules that were in effect before. Specifically, the order is as follows: if the graduate could not or did not want to pass the mandatory USE — Russian language and basic mathematics — in the main, as well as in the additional period, then he will be issued not a certificate, but a certificate of graduation. If there is a need to obtain a certificate, the child will still have to take the exam, but after a year — to the next wave of the exam. At the same time, such guys can take the exam, including in the early period. 

As told «AiF» Head of Rosobrnadzor Anzor Muzaev, over the past two years, up to 10% of graduates go to take the mandatory USE — Russian language and basic mathematics — just to get a high school diploma. As statistics show, in the future they do not take more elective subjects and, accordingly, do not apply to universities. Theoretically, they can use their USE results for 4 years after graduation, but they could equally well take them later — if they decide to try to get higher education. “The State Duma is considering a bill to abolish the mandatory USE for those who do not go to universities. And Rosobrnadzor would support this idea. We see nothing wrong with this — on the contrary, less nerves will be expended,” — summed up the head of Rosobrnadzor.

Plus, there are several categories of applicants who may also not take the exam. These are the winners of some sports competitions. In addition, according to the results of internal tests in universities, people with disabilities can be enrolled there. Graduates from other countries where the USE is not held have the same right. Winners and prize-winners of the final stage of the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren get the right to enter a university without exams in their field of study. For example, with the Literature Olympiad, you can go to the Faculty of Journalism or Philology, in Physics — to any physics department and some mathematical ones (for example, to the Mekhmat of Moscow State University). By the way, the result of Vseross is valid for 4 years. And consequently, winning in the 9th or 10th grade also guarantees admission. 

In 2021, 682,000 people applied for the exam in 85 regions and 58 countries where it is also possible to take the exam. These are not only graduates, but also those who have not passed the exam before or want to improve their last year result.

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What sentence did the court pass on the owner of the base in Altai, where the tourists died?

A court in the Altai Territory sentenced the owner of the recreation center “Globus” Viktor Korolyov, where a family of four died in the summer of 2020.

The entrepreneur was found guilty of a crime under Part 3 of Art. 238 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (the provision of services that do not meet the requirements of the safety of life and health of consumers, which negligently entailed the death of two or more persons).

What sentence did the court pass? 

The court imposed punishment in the form of six years of imprisonment to be served in a correctional colony of general regime. The entrepreneur was taken into custody in the courtroom.

What happened at the recreation center? 

In July 2020, the head of one of the departments of the press and mass communications department of the Altai Territory Iosif Kremenskikh with his wife and two minor children settled in the hotel house. They were placed in a room on the second floor of the building. Due to bad weather, the electricity was cut off on the territory of the base, and the owner of the camp site decided to install a gasoline generator in the utility room, located under the number of vacationers.

Violating safety requirements, the man filled the generator tank with gasoline, started the engine and connected to it devices that supply water to residential and non-residential premises. At the same time, he closed the front door and made it impossible for the toxic products of the generator exhaust to be released outside the room. As a result, the Kremensky family died from acute carbon monoxide poisoning. The dead were discovered only five days later, after the payment period for the room had expired. 

Fearing criminal liability, the owner took the generator to the Altai Republic. For several days, forensic investigators had to seize and examine material evidence in order to establish the cause of death of tourists. 

Who is Viktor Korolev? 

Viktor Korolev — Altai entrepreneur. Tourist base “Globe”, located in the Altai region near the lake “Aya”, he acquired in 2016. For four years, he provided services for organizing recreation, as well as accommodation for tourists on the territory of the base, including in a hotel house.

After his arrest, Korolev spent three months in a pre-trial detention center. Since November 2020, he has been under house arrest. The investigation of the criminal case was completed in March 2021.

At the time of the death of the tourists, Korolev was a defendant in another criminal case related to the camp site for several months. According to Bankfax, an entrepreneur from Biysk Alexei Mineev filed a complaint with the police about fraudulent actions by two Altai businessmen — Yuri Solodovnikovand Viktor Korolev. According to the businessman, he transferred more than 7 million rubles to buy the Globus tourist center, but he never became the owner of this property, and the sellers refused to return the money. 

Mineev managed to initiate a criminal case against Korolev, but the investigation was temporarily suspended. 

Source 

https://altai-krai.sledcom.ru/news/item/1690799 /

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Bochkarev: preparatory work has begun on the Rublyovo-Arkhangelskaya line

Preparatory work for the first stage of the construction of the Rublevo-Arkhangelskaya metro line has been deployed in all sections between the future Shelepikha stations; and “Linden Grove”. This was announced by Deputy Mayor of Moscow Sergei Sobyanin in the Government of Moscow for urban policy and construction Andrey Bochkarev.

According to Bochkarev, a 12.65-kilometer subway section will be built as part of the first stage. It will include six stations with working names: “Zvenigorodskaya”, “Karamyshevskaya”, “Boulevard Karbysheva”, “Picturesque”, “Strogino”, “Linden Grove”.

It is noted that that the design of the second section is also underway, which will include the Ilyinskaya station; and Rublyovo-Arkhangelskoye.

Bochkarev noted that on the section from “Shelepikha” to «Linden Grove» the main work begins, between the “Zvenigorodskaya” and “Karamyshevskaya” the tunnel is being laid.

«On the first section from «Shelepikha» to «Linden Grove» we are already entering the main work, where possible, so as not to delay the construction process, – said Bochkarev.

General Director of Mosinzhproekt JSC; Yuri Kravtsov added that the tunnel-boring shields had passed two thirds of the planned path – 1250 out of 1750 meters of the left running tunnel. The right tunnel has been laid for almost 1100 meters.

The construction of the Rublyovo-Arkhangelskoye line will improve the accessibility of the Mitino, Strogino and Khoroshevo-Mnevniki districts, as well as provide transport services for the new development in Rublyovo-Arkhangelskoye.

Earlier, Bochkarev said that at the station BKL “Tekstilshchiki” the installation of platform lighting has begun, the station is 85% ready.

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The Russian Orthodox Church considers the capitalization of the word “God” a return to tradition

The capitalization of the word “God” will be a return to the tradition lost in Soviet times. This was stated by Vakhtang Kipshidze, Deputy Chairman of the Synodal Department for Relations between the Church, Society and the Media.

Earlier, the Ministry of Education published a draft resolution “On the Approval of the Basic Rules of Russian Spelling”. In the rules, in particular, it is recommended to capitalize the words God, Lord, Supreme, Savior, Holy Spirit, Holy Trinity, Mother of God. In addition, the words Heaven, Providence, Providence, if they are used in a spiritual sense, are also suggested to be written with a capital letter.

Kipshidze recalled that such a spelling existed before the October Revolution of 1917.

The tradition was broken during the atheistic period of the Russian state, which thus demonstrated its disrespect for the feelings of believers, the representative of the Russian Orthodox Church noted.

He also expressed the opinion that when adopting a spelling reform, it is necessary to take into account the opinion of representatives of all traditional faiths of the Russian Federation, RIA Novosti reports.

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