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What does the phrase “nenka-Ukraine” mean?

Nenka-Ukraine — a phrase that Russians could hear in some pop songs. AiF.ru figured out the meaning of this phrase.

What is Nenko-Ukraine?

In translated from Ukrainian, Nenka — mother, mother. Thus, Nenko-Ukraine — this is Mother Ukraine or Mommy Ukraine.

In what popular songs are sung about Nenko-Ukraine?

The phrase "Nenka-Ukraine" can be heard in  the song «Ukraine — Nenko! Mother — Russia!», performed by Iosif Kobzon:

«Ukraine — Nenko! Mother — Russia!
He will hurt his own son.
everything is one in the heart:
Ukraine — Nenko! Mother — Russia!»

The song called “Ukraine-Nenka” was also in the repertoire of the Soviet group “Freestyle”. The composition is written in Ukrainian.

Sources:
ukrainian_russian.academic.ru

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Falkov: Russia will abandon the Bologna system of education and create its own

Head of the Ministry of Education and Science Valery Falkov said that Russia will soon abandon the Bologna system of education, creating its own unique system, reports TASS.

“The Bologna system should be treated as lived stage. The future belongs to our own unique education system, which should be based on the interests of the national economy and the maximum space of opportunities for each student, – he said.

Recall that Russia joined the Bologna system in 2003, after which it began work to bring domestic higher education in line with European standards. In particular, two new levels of education were introduced: bachelor's and master's degrees.

The European education system is often criticized in Russia. Recently, State Duma deputy Vitaly Milonov took the initiative to return to the country the traditional system of higher education, which involves five years of study.

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YouTube CEO says the company wants to stay in Russia

Video service YouTube has no plans to leave Russia because of a special operation in Ukraine, YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki said Tuesday, speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos.

“We see in this conflict that information really plays an important role. This is the reason why we are still working in Russia. We believe it is important to deliver independent news to Russia, – she said.

Despite these statements, YouTube has disabled and removed a number of accounts of Russian media and politicians in recent months. Including two warnings, the Russian Foreign Ministry account received.

Recall that at the end of April, Google, which owns the YouTube service, was fined 7 billion rubles for not removing prohibited content.

Earlier head Ministry of Digital Development Maksut Shadayev said that the closure of YouTube video hosting is not included in Russia's plans, as many domestic users will suffer from this.

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Pushilin announced the beginning of the assault on the city of Krasny Lyman in the Donetsk region

Earlier that day, the DPR announced the establishment of control over Svetlodarsk and the encirclement of Avdiivka. According to Pushilin, the assault on Krasny Liman is underway, units of the Russian Armed Forces and the DPR forces control half of the city

UN Secretary General warns of a new Cold War “with a nuclear tinge”

In addition, Guterres warned of the threat of climate change, the rise of extreme nationalism and terrorism, as well as the spread of disease and hunger

António Guterres

The world is facing the threat of a new Cold War “with a nuclear tinge” and the explosive growth of extreme nationalism. This was stated by UN Secretary-General António Guterres, speaking to graduates of Seton Hall University (New Jersey).

“From the Middle East to the threat of a new Cold War with a serious nuclear tinge, from terrorism and internal strife over ancient grievances to the explosive growth of extreme nationalism that ignores the basic truth that international solutions are always best for the national interest,” each of these challenges has become yet another sign of the split in our world,»,— he said.

Among other threats to the world, Guterres named the conflict in Ukraine, climate change, growing social inequality, the spread of hunger and disease. “As Secretary General of the United Nations, I must tell you that you are entering a world full of dangers. We are facing conflict and division on a scale that has not been seen in decades,” — he noted.

Relations between the world's largest nuclear powers— Russia and the USA (6255 versus 5550 warheads respectively)— aggravated against the background of the Russian special operation in Ukraine. President Vladimir Putin called its goals the need for “demilitarization and denazification”; neighboring state. He also pointed out that the special operation in Ukraine was the only way for Russia to forestall Western aggression against its own territory.

In response to the special operation, Ukraine declared martial law, and Western countries, including the United States, began imposing sanctions against Moscow and supplying weapons to Kyiv. In mid-April, US Chargé d'Affaires a.i. in Estonia, Brian Roraff, said that the US did not rule out the deployment of troops in Europe on a permanent basis. He said that the number of American troops on the continent has grown from 80,000 to 120,000 people, and the country does not exclude additional deployment to strengthen security.

The Kremlin pointed out that the West had created a “powerful fist” on the eastern flank; and a strong defense military infrastructure. Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that as a response, Vladimir Putin instructed Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu to prepare and submit proposals to strengthen the western flank.

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The mayor of Ivano-Frankivsk stood up for the beaten musician who sang in Russian

A passer-by in Ivano-Frankivsk attacked street musicians who sang songs in Russian and hit one of them. The mayor of the city said that the attacker needs to be helped and, if necessary, find a lawyer ” alt=” The mayor of Ivano-Frankivsk stood up for the beaten musician who sang in Russian” />

Ruslan Martsinkov

The mayor of Ivano-Frankivsk (western Ukraine) Ruslan Martsinkov supported a man who hit a street musician who sang songs in Russian and offered to find him a lawyer. The video of the mayor's speech is published by Strana.ua.

Martsinkov said that it was necessary to find out if there was a statement to the police on the fact of the beating, and, if so, to help the person who attacked the musician by finding him a lawyer. The mayor also said that songs in Russian should not be performed in the city.

A video of the incident on one of the streets of Ivano-Frankivsk circulated on the Internet earlier in the day. The footage shows a group of young people with guitars and a man speaking aggressively to them. One of the musicians began filming what was happening on the phone, after which the man tried to hit him. In the course of a further skirmish, he hit one of the young people in the face, causing him to fall to the ground.

Passers-by tried to reason with the attacker, some called for the police to be called.

In mid-April, Taras Kremin, Commissioner for the Protection of the State Language of Ukraine, proposed replacing the teaching of the Russian language in schools with other subjects. Among them, he named the history of Ukraine, the Ukrainian language, English and mathematics. Teachers of the Russian language, if they do not teach other disciplines, can be sent to idle time, Kremin added.

The Ombudsman also considered that the curriculum for foreign literature needs to be reviewed, as it still pays great attention to the study of creativity Russian writers.

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On the morning of February 24, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of a military operation in Ukraine. He called its goals the protection of the population of Donbass from genocide, as well as the “denazification” of and “demilitarization” neighboring state. The Ukrainian authorities have declared martial law and severed diplomatic relations with Russia.

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Hungary declares state of emergency due to situation in Ukraine

The state of emergency allows the Hungarian government to issue decrees without parliamentary approval. The state of emergency was already in effect in the country at the beginning of the pandemic and then drew criticism from human rights activists .jpg” alt=”Hungary declared a state of emergency due to the situation in Ukraine” />

Viktor Orban

A state of emergency has been declared in Hungary since May 25 due to the situation in Ukraine, Reuters reports. This was announced by Prime Minister Viktor Orban, who said that the government needed room to maneuver to quickly respond to emerging challenges.

The state of emergency gives the head of government the right to issue decrees bypassing parliament. The parliament itself cannot be dissolved during the state of emergency, and in the event of the expiration of its powers, their term is extended until the end of this regime. It is also not allowed to hold elections and referendums during this period.

The last time a state of emergency was introduced in Hungary in March 2020 in connection with the coronavirus pandemic. At that time, this law drew criticism from human rights organizations. In particular, Human Rights Watch considered that the state of emergency, in fact, gives the Hungarian government “unlimited power.” Among other things, the law provided for punishment of up to five years in prison for disseminating false information, and experts feared that it could be used not only to protect public health, but also against journalists, the Guardian and the Washington Post wrote. In addition, the state of emergency was introduced for an indefinite period.

However, the Hungarian government denied these accusations, noting that, according to its information, the majority of citizens supported the introduction of the state of emergency. In June 2020, the state of emergency was canceled.

Now it is being introduced, among other things, against the backdrop of the EU's intention to impose an embargo on Russian oil supplies. Hungary, which imports 60% of its oil from Russia, opposes a possible ban. The country's authorities are demanding a five-year delay from the EU, as well as compensation for the costs of restructuring the fuel and energy industry, adapted to heavy Russian oil.

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Zelensky called the return of lost territories a condition for negotiations

Zelensky: Ukraine will return to negotiations when it returns territories lost since February 24 Before starting negotiations with Russia, Ukraine intends to return the territories it controlled before February 24, Zelensky said. Earlier, Moscow reported that Kyiv had practically withdrawn from the negotiation process =”Zelensky called the return of lost territories a condition for negotiations” />

Volodymyr Zelensky

Ukraine will begin negotiations with Russia after it returns its territories lost after the start of the Russian military special operation on February 24, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said in an interview with the Japanese television channel NHK.

“Of course, we must return all our territories . But it will most likely be related to the victims. To begin with, we plan to return [territories] to the state before February 24th. And then we will sit down at the negotiating table, & mdash; he noted.

The Russian and Ukrainian sides announced the suspension of negotiations on May 17. After the meeting of the delegations at the end of March in Istanbul, the discussion continued via video link, but now it does not take place in any form, the Russian Foreign Ministry said. Ukraine was called responsible for the suspension of negotiations in the department. According to Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Rudenko, she “practically withdrew from the negotiation process.”

In Ukraine, in early April, they said that the events in Bucha, which Russia calls a provocation, influenced the negotiating background. Russian President Vladimir Putin also spoke about the impact of these events. In addition, according to him, Kyiv has changed its position on the Donbass and Crimea and wants to decide their fate at a bilateral summit, while Moscow is seeking a settlement of this issue at the stage of the draft peace agreement.

At the same time, the Russian authorities noted that they were ready to return to negotiations. As Vladimir Medinsky, presidential aide and head of the Russian delegation, noted, Moscow handed over retaliatory proposals for a settlement to Kyiv and now “the ball is on its side.”

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Vladimir Zelensky

politician, President of Ukraine

January 25, 1978

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Kissinger urged Kyiv to make concessions in negotiations with Moscow

According to the politician, if peace talks do not resume within two months, hostilities may spread to the entire European continent *

Henry Kissinger

The West must influence Ukraine to resume peace talks with Moscow, even if Kyiv will have to make a number of concessions. This was stated by former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger during a speech at the World Economic Forum in Davos, writes The Telegraph.

“Negotiations [between Moscow and Kyiv] should begin in the next two months before they create turmoil and tension that will not be easy to overcome. Ideally, the dividing line should be a return to the previous state of affairs. The continuation of the war after this will not be for the freedom of Ukraine, but will be a new war against Russia itself, — Kissinger said.

According to the politician, the West must stop trying to inflict a “crushing defeat on Russian forces in Ukraine”, as this would be disastrous for long-term stability on the European continent. He noted that Russia has been an integral part of Europe for more than 400 years and the guarantor of the European structure of the balance of power, therefore it is impossible to “push Russia towards a permanent alliance with China.”

In addition, speaking at the forum, the former secretary of state said that the idea of ​​Ukraine maintaining a neutral status and turning the country into a “bridge” between East and West ceased to exist. “Eight years ago, when the idea of ​​Ukraine joining NATO came up, I then wrote an article in which I noted that it would be good for Ukraine to remain in the group of neutral countries that became a bridge between East and West. But now this idea has ceased to exist, — he said.

Kissinger served as National Security Adviser to the President in 1969-1975. From 1973 to 1977 he served as Secretary of State.

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Russia launched a military special operation in Ukraine on February 24th. Four days later, Russian-Ukrainian negotiations began on the settlement of the conflict, the first three rounds were held in person on the territory of Belarus. Then the meetings continued via videoconferencing.

Another face-to-face meeting initiated by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was held in Istanbul on March 29. Then Kyiv handed over to Moscow proposals for a peace treaty providing for security guarantees for Ukraine, their non-proliferation to the Crimea and Donbass, and the country's refusal to seek to return these territories by force. Moscow, in turn, promised to reduce military activity near Kyiv and Chernigov.

Then the negotiations continued again via video link. However, Mikhail Podolyak, adviser to the head of the office of the President of Ukraine, said that the process became more complicated after the events in Bucha, Mariupol, Volnovakha and the Kyiv region. On May 18, the Russian Foreign Ministry announced that the discussion of the peace agreement was temporarily suspended, as the Ukrainian side “practically withdrew from the negotiation process.”

On May 22, the head of the Russian negotiating delegation, Vladimir Medinsky, reported that Russia does not refuse negotiations with Ukraine and is ready to continue them, but now the process is frozen on the initiative of Kyiv. “Russia has never refused negotiations, including at the highest level. <…> A month ago, we handed over to the Ukrainian side a draft treaty, in which a number of fundamental positions had already been agreed upon. We intended to move on. However, since then, there has been no desire to continue the dialogue on the part of Ukraine,»— he noted.

Two days later, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky, in an interview with NHK, said that Kyiv would begin negotiations with Moscow only after the return of territories that it had lost control of after the start of the Russian operation on February 24.

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Roskomnadzor blocked the sites of the publications “Vot so” and “Interfax-Ukraine”

Access to the websites of Vot so and Interfax-Ukraine is limited at the request of the Prosecutor General's Office. The site of the writer Exler, pages of the True Russia movement and other resources

Roskomnadzor blocked the websites of Vot tak, Interfax-Ukraine and “Sukhumi.info”. The Roskomsvoboda portal was the first to draw attention to this. The information is confirmed by the Roskomnadzor service to check access restrictions to sites or pages on the Internet.

Edition “Like this” was blocked by “mask”, that is, with all domains and subdomains, noted in Roskomsvoboda.

By the same decision, the website of the Russian writer and blogger Alexei Exler was blocked (several links were previously banned), the Russian-language version of the Latvian portal Open, the pages of the Unchain charity project and the Real Russia movement, the news publications Realist.online and Lvivsky portal”, several discussions on a forum dedicated to psychology, and a number of other links.

Access to these resources is limited at the request of the Prosecutor General's Office on the basis of Art. 15.3 of the Law “On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection”. It regulates the procedure for blocking sites that contain calls for riots, extremism, participation in illegal mass actions or false socially significant information distributed under the guise of reliable.

Exler said that his website provider in Norway was required to take down two posts. The first one contained a quote from journalist Alexander Nevzorov (the Ministry of Justice entered him into the register of foreign media agents), and in another post “there was a quote from an article that hung on the website of the Ministry of Defense for a day, and then it was removed, claiming a hack,” he wrote.

In total, since the beginning of the year, the agency has restricted access to more than 135,000 materials containing prohibited information. Among the latter, the site of the Kholod publication was blocked. journalist Taisiya Bekbulatova (included by the Ministry of Justice in the list of foreign media agents), the Russian-language website The Moscow Times, the websites of the French radio RFI, the online encyclopedia of fine arts WikiArt, and the website of the online publication Novaya Gazeta. Europe».

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The Prosecutor General of Ukraine allowed the exchange of a convicted Russian military

A person can be exchanged after a court verdict, this is technically possible, said the Prosecutor General of Ukraine Venediktova. Earlier, a court in Ukraine sentenced Russian military Shishimarin to life imprisonment “The Prosecutor General of Ukraine allowed the exchange of a convicted Russian soldier” />

Vadim Shishimarin

Ukraine may subsequently exchange Russian serviceman Vadim Shishimarin, sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of a civilian in the Sumy region, Prosecutor General of Ukraine Irina Venediktova said on the air of the national telethon.

“Our scenarios for the development of events can be completely different. You can exchange a person after the verdicts of the courts. Yes, it is technically possible,— she said (quote from Ukrayinska Pravda).

Venediktova added that she did not want to “enter into exchange processes” because “this is already politics and diplomacy.” According to her, Ukraine will move purely within the legal field, observing the standards of international humanitarian law.

The day before, on May 23, in Ukraine, for the first time, a sentence was passed against a Russian military man. The court sentenced Shishimarin, who commanded a detachment of the 4th Panzer Kantemirovskaya Division, to life imprisonment.

Shishimarin is 21 years old. In Ukraine, he was found guilty of violating the laws and customs of war. According to investigators, the young man shot several times from a Kalashnikov assault rifle in the head of 62-year-old Alexander Shelipov. The military himself in the video, which was published by the Security Service of Ukraine, confessed to his deed. “I was ordered to shoot, I fired one burst at him, he fell,” — tells Shishimarin on the recording. In court, he apologized for his act and said that he sincerely repented.

After the verdict, the Kremlin repeated that the Russian authorities have no opportunity to protect the interests of Shishimarin on the spot, since the relevant agencies abroad do not actually work. “But that doesn’t mean we won’t consider continuing to try through other channels. The fate of every citizen of Russia is of paramount importance for us, & mdash; Presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said (quote from RIA Novosti). The Russian Ministry of Defense did not comment on the Shishimarin case.

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Forbes learned that the FBI prevented the assassination attempt on George W. Bush

According to the publication, a terrorist-connected native of Iraq planned to kill George W. Bush, as he considered him responsible for the deaths of thousands of people after the US invasion of this country in 2003

George W. Bush

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) thwarted an assassination attempt on former U.S. President George W. Bush by alleged ISIS ties (ISIS, a terrorist organization banned in Russia) from Iraq, according to Forbes, citing documents from the American intelligence service.

According to the publication, the attempt was planned by a visitor from Iraq living in Ohio. It is noted that he arrived in the United States in 2020, having applied for asylum. Forbes does not name him and has no information about whether he is in custody.

FBI documents say the suspect has been planning the assassination since 2021. It is reported that for this he traveled to Dallas (Texas) to film the Bush house, and also tried to bring compatriots to the United States to participate in the assassination attempt. The intelligence service received information about the impending crime through informants, as well as after perusing the suspect's WhatsApp correspondence.

The suspect told one of the FBI informants that he was part of a certain unit called Al-Raed. (“Thunder”), which is led by a former pilot of Saddam Hussein. After his arrest, he explained his motive by the fact that he considers Bush responsible for the deaths of thousands of Iraqis after the US invasion of the country in 2003, writes Forbes.

The 43rd President of the United States from the Republican Party, George W. Bush, served from 2001 to 2009. After the September 11, 2001 attacks, he declared a “war on terror”, under his leadership the United States took part in two full-scale military campaigns— in Afghanistan and Iraq.

The US military mission in Iraq, or the Iraq War, began in 2003. Washington justified the introduction of troops on the assumption that Saddam Hussein's government was developing weapons of mass destruction, and tasked the military, which led a coalition of international forces, acting with UN approval, with the task of bringing about the overthrow of the regime. The largest number of military personnel was deployed in the country in 2008— almost 158 ​​thousand people sent there in accordance with the decision of President George W. Bush.

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The Russian authorities called the US decision to invade Iraq erroneous. In mid-February, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said: “The world already knows who is lying all the time. And those who have forgotten how Washington “creates pretexts for an attack,” let him watch the speech of US Secretary of State Colin Powell in the UN Security Council on February 5, 2003. Powell then said that the United States had evidence that weapons of mass destruction were stored in Iraq. Later, the diplomat called this speech a shameful stain in his biography.

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Pushilin said that the tribunal over “Azov” will be held in several stages

The tribunal is planned as an international one, a number of countries have already given preliminary consent to participate, the head of the DPR said. The first of a series of “interim” will be the trial of those who surrendered at Azovstal

Denis Pushilin

The tribunal over the Ukrainian military will be held in several stages, the first, perhaps, will be Mariupol, that is, under the court will get those who left the territory of “Azovstal” military, said the head of the DPR Denis Pushilin on the air of the Soloviev Live program. Video posted on Vladimir Solovyov's Telegram channel.

According to Pushilin, before the “main” the tribunal must go through a series of “interim”. “Exactly as it was after the Great Patriotic War, that is, before Nuremberg there were both the Kyiv and Kharkov tribunals, and a number of others. Apparently, one of the first will be the Mariupol Tribunal,— Pushilin said.

The tribunal is planned to be international, that is, invitations to participate will be sent to foreign states, the head of the DPR added. The republic has already received preliminary consent from a number of countries, but Pushilin did not specify from which countries.

Now the profile departments, including the General Prosecutor's Office of the DPR, are developing the charter of the tribunal, and Russian departments are also taking part, he noted. Pushilin called maximum publicity and transparency the main task of holding a military court.

That the fate of those who surrendered at Azovstal military will be decided in court, Pushilin said last week. “If the enemy laid down his arms, then the court decides his further fate, if he is a Nazi criminal, then this is a tribunal,” — he explained.

The idea of ​​an international tribunal was expressed in the LPR. On April 3, the Commissioner for Human Rights of the LPR, Victoria Serdyukova, said that evidence of war crimes by the Ukrainian military had been collected in the republic since 2014, and they could present them at the international tribunal.

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The idea was supported by the head of the Russian Investigative Committee, Alexander Bastrykin, saying that his department records the illegal actions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and “nationalist military formations”; against the civilian population of Donbass.

The International Criminal Court (ICC), in turn, in early March announced its intention to start investigating violations committed by “any side conflict on the territory of Ukraine. ICC Chief Prosecutor Karim Khan argued that there were good grounds for launching an investigation. According to him, “there are reasonable grounds” believe that war crimes and crimes against humanity have been committed in Ukraine since 2013. The ICC also assumes that the crimes were committed in the last period of time.

In mid-May, Khan announced the arrival of 42 ICC investigators, including forensic experts and analysts, to Ukraine.

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“The bag case” turned into the detention of the ex-president of Moldova

Why did the criminal prosecution of the former President of Moldova Igor Dodon begin? Former President of Moldova Igor Dodon was charged with four articles, including treason.

Searches in the house of Igor Dodon

What formed the basis of the case of the ex-president

Former Moldovan President Igor Dodon was detained for 72 hours as part of a case initiated under four articles of the Republic's Criminal Code, including high treason. This was announced on Tuesday, May 24, by the press secretary of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Republic, Marianna Kerpek. Dodon, 47, who led the country from 2016 to December 2020, is also suspected of passive corruption, receiving funding for the party from a criminal organization, and illegal enrichment. The homes of the politician and his closest associates were searched. The detention of the ex-president on criminal charges is unprecedented for Moldova, the former leaders of the state were not subjected to persecution.

The basis for initiating a criminal case was footage from 2019, filmed in the office of the Democratic Party of Moldova. In the video, businessman Vladimir Plahotniuc, who headed the party, hands Dodon a package, presumably with money. In Moldova, this incident is known as the “bag case”. Using an opaque package— a fairly common way in Moldova to transfer money illegally, it has become a local meme.

From the conversation between Plahotniuc and Dodon, it follows that the money that Dodon takes from Plahotniuc is intended to finance the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM), from which Dodon ran for president and headed for several years.

The video was first made public back in 2020. This was done by the deputies of the national parliament Lilian Carp and Iurie Renita, who represented the alliance of pro-European centre-right parties ACUM Platforma DA și PAS (Action and Solidarity Party and the Dignity and Truth Platform Party). In 2020, the prosecutor's office refused to open a case based on this recording, citing a lack of evidence. However, last week Acting Prosecutor General Dmitry Robu signed a resolution on the resumption of the criminal case.

According to Moldovan law, a video recording made without the authorization of the prosecutor and without the participation of law enforcement agencies cannot be considered evidence in court. That is why it was not considered earlier and the initiation of a criminal case was denied, explains the head of the Chisinau Center for Analysis, Research and Forecasting Balkan-Centre, Sergei Manastyrly. The criminal case could be resumed due to the emergence of new, previously unseen evidence. “But what, the prosecutor’s office has not yet announced. And in this context, the resumption of the criminal case without explanation of the reasons looks strange, — RBC expert said. Manastyrli also draws attention to the fact that an article about treason appeared in the impending charge, which Dodon was not previously accused of. “This can explain the participation of counterintelligence in searches at Dodon’s,” — expert notes.

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What was found during searches in the case of the ex-president of Moldova

The Moldovan Prosecutor General's Office reported that searches took place in ten properties and three cars. Cash, receipts and other valuables were seized, the origin of which will be studied for legality. One of the persons subjected to searches, according to the prosecutor's office, tried to destroy the evidence by swallowing receipts for real estate transactions worth more than €700 thousand. Money in the amount of more than €37 thousand was found from this person.

What are the consequences of the case

Dodon, when he was president of Moldova, advocated curtailing European integration and cooperation with Russia, enjoyed the support of Moscow and often met with Russian President Vladimir Putin. In 2017, he was the only foreign leader present on May 9 at the Victory Parade on Red Square. After the PSRM lost in the 2021 early parliamentary elections, Dodon left his official post in the party, becoming its honorary chairman, and focused on work in the Moldovan-Russian business union he leads.

Commenting on the detention of Dodon, the press secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov said that this is an internal affair of the country, but Russia is watching with concern the development of the situation. “Of course, we are alarmed that again such a practice and persecution is being applied to those who are supporters of the development of friendly, mutually beneficial relations with the Russian Federation, that is, with our country,” — Peskov told reporters.

“We see through this arrest an attempt to completely destroy the Party of Socialists, the entire pro-Russian opposition, in order to untie the hands of the regime of Maia Sandu. For further action. What? We do not know. Anschluss of Moldova by Romania, an attempt to unfreeze the Transnistrian conflict, simply to establish sole power in the country? this is how the deputy of the Moldovan parliament from the Party of Socialists Bogdan Tsyrdea commented to RBC on the detention of Dodon. He is convinced that the case is political in nature, by persecuting Dodon, the new president of the republic, Maia Sandu, decided “to give herself such a beautiful gift in the form of the arrest of her main opponent, whose rating is actually equal to her [rating]”. On the day of Dodon's arrest, Sandu was in the United States, Tsirdea notes.

According to Sergei Manastirla, the initiation of a criminal case against Dodon will not affect relations between Chisinau and Moscow, because now there are almost none. “The whole policy comes down to the issue of providing gas at one price or another, including the provision of Transnistria and its industry, including the Rybnitsa Combine and the Moldavian State District Power Plant. Chisinau has reduced all its relations to this at the moment, — he explains.

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WSJ learns of Jersey investigation into Abramovich’s assets

Law enforcement officers are investigating whether Abramovich's wealth was obtained illegally, and whether his proxies violated the law. They are, in particular, investigating the purchase of oil assets by Abramovich in the 1990s jpg” alt=”WSJ has learned of an investigation in Jersey into Abramovich's assets” />

Roman Abramovich

The authorities of the island of Jersey (UK Crown Dependency) have launched a preliminary investigation into the assets of Russian billionaire Roman Abramovich under their jurisdiction , writes The Wall Street Journal, citing sources.

In recent years, much of Abramovich's fortune has been registered in Jersey, the WSJ writes, citing financial records and sources. Among his assets— companies that own real estate, helicopters and a yacht.

Investigators are trying to understand if any of the assets were obtained illegally or violated the laws of Abramovich's proxies. They are also trying to find out if any attempts were made to hide the assets from Western sanctions.

According to the newspaper, law enforcers are also investigating how Abramovich obtained shares in oil companies in the 1990s, “which became the basis of his wealth in post-Soviet Russia.”

While the investigation is in the preliminary phase and has not become formal, no charges have been brought against anyone.

RBC turned to Abramovich's representative for comment.

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In mid-April, the Jersey government announced that a court had ordered a freeze on $7 billion in assets believed to be linked to Abramovich. Then it became known about the arrest of 33 properties in France, of which ten, according to a source from The Guardian, belong to Abramovich.

The billionaire owns the investment company Millhouse, as well as shares in the metallurgical company Evraz and the Azbuka supermarket chain. taste».

In 1995, Abramovich acquired the Sibneft company as part of a privatization campaign. The enterprise was created, among other things, on the initiative of Boris Berezovsky on the basis of Noyabrskneftegaz, the Omsk Oil Refinery and other enterprises in the oil sector. Later, in 2011, during a trial in London on Berezovsky's lawsuit against Abramovich, the latter's lawyer, Jonathan Sumption, admitted that the deal was “corrupt.” According to him, “Sibneft” it was planned to be used as a source of funding for the ORT television channel, controlled by Berezovsky, who was supposed to support President Boris Yeltsin in the elections.

In 2005, Abramovich sold his stake in Sibneft to (75.7%) Gazprom for $13.1 billion.

Now Forbes estimates the businessman's fortune at $9.1 billion in real time, Bloomberg— at $ 12.6 billion. It is under Western sanctions, including the EU, Great Britain and Canada.

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Soros admitted that the events in Ukraine were the beginning of the third world war

What is happening in Ukraine could be the beginning of a new world war, Soros said. According to him, the world may not survive such a scenario. The Russian authorities said that the third world would become nuclear and “should never be” *

The events in Ukraine may have been the beginning of the third world war, said American financier and billionaire George Soros at the World Economic Forum in Davos. The text of the speech was published by his press service.

“The invasion may have been the beginning of the third world war, and our civilization may not survive it,”— Soros said.

The Russian authorities do not consider the special operation an invasion. President Vladimir Putin has repeatedly called it a forced response to the “real threat” that he said came from the territory of Ukraine. Announcing the start of the operation on the morning of February 24, Putin called its goals the protection of the population of Donbass, as well as the “denazification” of and “demilitarization” neighboring state. A few days later, on February 27, Putin ordered the strategic deterrence force to be put on special alert, noting that top officials of leading NATO countries made aggressive statements against Russia.

According to the defense terminology guide published by the Ministry of Defense, the Strategic Deterrence Force (SDF) is the backbone of the combat power of the Russian Armed Forces and is designed to deter aggression against Russia and its allies, as well as to defeat the aggressor, including in a war with the use of nuclear weapons.

Soros is 91 years old. He founded the Soros Foundation, a network of charitable organizations. Forbes estimates the fortune of the financier at $8.6 billion.

The Russian authorities have repeatedly accused Soros of interfering in the affairs of other countries with the help of non-profit organizations and foundations he finances. In February 2020, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky called information about Soros's influence on Ukraine an exaggeration, adding that he did not know the billionaire and “definitely not one of the” Soros “. So in Ukraine they called political and public figures who received grants from Soros funds. Later this name was applied to all recipients of Western grants. Usually the term is used to refer to a person who, according to the speaker, is subject to the influence of the West.

The Russian authorities also announced the threat of a third world war. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in early March that such a war “would be a devastating nuclear war” if it broke out. war. Then he responded to the words of US President Joe Biden, who called large-scale sanctions against Moscow an alternative to the third world.

At the same time, if in March Lavrov stated that he did not believe in the possible outbreak of a nuclear war, then at the end of April he called the risks of nuclear war are quite significant, noting that this real danger should not be underestimated. Later, he explained that his words should not be interpreted as a game of Russia with such dangerous concepts— they, as Lavrov noted, are not played by her, but by the authorities of Poland and Ukraine. According to the minister, he meant that “everyone should be committed to the statements of the” nuclear five “; and nuclear war “should never be.”

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Duda accused Germany of breaking the promise about tanks for Ukraine

Polish President Duda accused Germany of disrupting the supply of Leopard tanks to replace those given to Ukraine Poland is disappointed that Germany did not keep its promise to supply Leopard tanks to replace equipment sent to Ukraine, Duda said. In response, the German Foreign Ministry assured that they could not transfer tanks “at the click of a finger”

Andrzej Duda

The German government broke its promise to supply Leopard tanks to Poland to replace military equipment sent to Ukraine, in Warsaw “very disappointed” this situation, Polish President Andrzej Duda told Die Welt at a forum in Davos.

“Most of our tank arsenal in the Polish armed forces consists of German tanks of the Leopard type. Therefore, if Germany supported us, if we received a replacement in the form of a circular exchange, then we would be very happy, — said the President of Poland, adding that “they did not keep that promise.”

Warsaw sent Kyiv a “large amount” of tanks because the Polish authorities are sure that this is their responsibility to Ukraine as a neighbor, Duda added. Poland hoped for support from NATO, the US and Germany, the president continued, explaining that such actions weaken the country's own defense potential. He noted that the German authorities are not helping Ukraine enough.

“First of all, it is Germany itself that should help Ukraine. Ukraine is really in dire need of this help,»,— emphasized Duda.

The circular exchange involves the provision of Soviet or Russian-made tanks by EU or NATO countries to Ukraine, since the Ukrainian military does not need to be trained to use them. Germany undertakes to provide a replacement for the donated equipment

After criticizing the Polish president, German Foreign Minister Annalena Berbock assured that Berlin was unable to transfer heavy military equipment to Ukraine “at the touch of a button or at the snap of a finger,” let alone— not from German stocks. The equipment must be “available, repaired and ordered accordingly,” she explained at a meeting with her Polish colleague Zbigniew Rau.

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Burbock emphasized: “We are strengthening the eastern flank of NATO with German soldiers and equipment in the Baltic countries, as well as anti-aircraft missiles in Slovakia”, reports n-tv channel.

The Polish minister later said that he “took note” of explanations of Burbock, who gave him “a number of reasons”; of the non-circular exchange of equipment and noted that the German authorities clearly want to solve the current problem.

At the beginning of the week, the problems in the supply of German tanks to Poland were reported by the newspaper Der Spiegel, citing sources . The interlocutors of the publication said that Poland delivered 240 Russian-made tanks to Ukraine.

Berlin concluded a similar agreement on the circular exchange of military equipment with Prague, it was about the supply of 15 old-style Leopard 2 A4 tanks to the Czech Republic, in the summer the parties agreed to discuss the transfer of more modern Leopard 2 A7 + tanks, German Defense Minister Christine Lambrecht said, Zeit reported.

Der Spiegel's interlocutors in Polish military circles indicated that Warsaw did not want to receive old-style tanks in exchange and intended to upgrade its arsenal with modern Leopard tanks, which would not jeopardize the country's defense.

At the end of April, the Bundestag, the lower house of the German parliament, approved a document calling on the country's government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine. 586 deputies supported the initiative, 100 refused to do so, seven more people abstained. The document speaks of the need to “continue and, if possible, accelerate the supply of necessary equipment to Ukraine, including the supply of heavy weapons and complex systems, and expand the sphere of circular exchange.”

Ukrainian In early May, the ambassador to Germany, Andriy Melnyk, announced the lack of support for Kyiv from official Berlin, calling its policy “sluggish”. Chancellor Olaf Scholz prefers to continue the policy of his predecessor, Angela Merkel, says the diplomat: “wait and see, and then make a decision— or not.

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South Korea announces North Korean missile launch after Biden’s visit

In South Korea and Japan, a ballistic missile was launched from the territory of the DPRK in an easterly direction, it fell into the sea. Shortly before the launch, Biden visited these countries, the US allowed Pyongyang's missile tests during his visit

North Korea fired an unidentified ballistic missile eastwards, the 17th missile launch from North Korean territory, the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff said, Yonhap reported.

This information was confirmed by the Japanese Ministry of Defense, adding also that the rocket fell into the sea. NHK sources in the Japanese government noted that this happened outside the country's exclusive economic zone.

US President Joe Biden visited South Korea late last week. The White House on the eve of the visit admitted that North Korea could conduct nuclear or missile tests during or after the president's trip, citing intelligence data. Biden's national security adviser Jake Sullivan then stressed that Washington is ready for all contingencies.

The White House previously reported that Biden's trip will last from May 20 to 24, he will visit South Korea, after which he will pay a visit to Japan. Younhap points out that the US president had already left Japan by the time the rocket was launched.

Intelligence of South Korea in mid-May reported that the DPRK was preparing for the seventh nuclear test, according to their data, Pyongyang determined the time for it. Seoul noted that the North Korean authorities intend to launch “despite the strong spread of the COVID-19 epidemic in the country.”

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Roskomnadzor warned about the danger of public Wi-Fi networks

Connecting to public Wi-Fi hotspots is dangerous for users because they risk losing payment data, documents, logins, passwords, and other personal information. This was reported in the Telegram channel of Roskomnadzor.

The department noted that before connecting to public Wi-Fi, it is necessary to carefully study the name of the access point. This is due to the fact that scammers can create a network with a name similar to a Wi-Fi cafe or other public institution. In addition, when walking, it is recommended to turn off the automatic connection to Wi-Fi so as not to connect to intruder networks.

Roskomnadzor advised to stop using banking applications or other important services via public Wi-Fi. If there is an urgent need, it is better to use the mobile Internet. Lack of authorization when connecting to a public network should alert, as this is a violation and indicates that it is unsafe.

Earlier, the expert urged Russians to refuse forwarding scans of your documents through instant messengers and social networks.

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Ministry of Education: return to the specialty will improve the training of teachers

Returning to a specialist degree and abandoning the Bologna system of higher education will help improve the quality of teacher training in the country, the press service of the Ministry of Education said.

“The Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation believes that the refusal from the Bologna system and the transition to specialist programs can enhance the quality of teacher training throughout the country, — TASS quotes a message from the department.

Switching to the «bachelor– magistracy» had a negative impact on the training of teaching staff, since the “qualification” bachelor/master of pedagogical education “; did not correlate in any way with the specific profession “subject teacher”, — added to the Ministry of Education.

Currently, the ministry, with the participation of the professional community, has determined uniform principles and approaches to the training of teaching staff, the basis of which will be a specialist.

Earlier today, the head of the Ministry of Education and Science Valery Falkov said that Russia may soon abandon the Bologna system of education. Instead, it will create its own unique system.

Recall that Russia joined the Bologna system in 2003, after which it began work to bring domestic higher education in line with European standards. In particular, two new levels of education were introduced: undergraduate and graduate. 

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Diverse Tito. With what mysteries was the life of the Yugoslav leader connected?

The very date of birth and origin of the lifelong president of socialist Yugoslavia, one of the founders and leaders of the Non-Aligned Movement, Marshal Josip Broz Titois still shrouded in mystery. At first it was believed that he was born on May 7, 1892 in the Croatian village of Kumrovets in Croatia, which at that time was part of Austria-Hungary. Later, Tito himself changed the date to May 25, and sometimes indicated 1893 as the year of his birth. According to one version, the Yugoslav politician chose a new date in memory of May 25, 1944, when the Germans during the war made another unsuccessful attempt to kill him. In  socialist Yugoslavia, this date was celebrated annually as a public holiday — Youth Day.

Joseph from Joseph

Josip was born into a large family, where he became the seventh child in a row. His father Franjo Broz was Croatian and mother Maria Broz(née Javerszek) — Slovenian. Little Yojo (as Tito was called by his relatives) spent his early childhood in the house of his maternal grandfather, who was by no means a very wealthy man. However, when he returned from his grandfather to Kumrovets to begin his studies at school, he already knew how to play the piano. And the boy also had a passion for beautiful and elegant clothes. True, as a child he believed that in order to wear it, you must be a tailor. But  in the fact that Tito came from poor strata, in Yugoslavia, many did believe. Young Josip, who graduated from the primary village school, when he was drafted into the army of Austria-Hungary, not only decently played music, but also knew several foreign languages ​​and was an excellent swordsman. At regimental fencing competitions, he was awarded a silver medal, and the award was made by the Austrian Archduke Joseph Ferdinand himself. Tito proudly recalled this episode: “Here I am, a worker, the son of a landless peasant, whose only capital” & mdash; these are hands and profession, and I accept congratulations from the archduke. I, an ordinary soldier who was shaken by a member of the imperial family!».

In fact, his family was not so poor. They lived in the largest house in the village, and and the family owned several hectares of land.

Tito's native home in the village. Kumrovets. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org/Janez Novak, Ljubljana, Slovenija

Married a underage

We can say that Tito's political biography began in Russia. In 1907, Franjo Broz was going to send his son to work in the USA. But at at the time the family was experiencing financial difficulties, and there was not enough money for the ticket. In the end, 15-year-old Joseph left not far away, to the Croatian city of Sisak, where he became a locksmith. He worked in Zagreb, at automobile plants in the Czech Republic and Germany. In 1915 the year, while fighting on the Russian front, a senior non-commissioned officer of the Austro-Hungarian army, Broz, was wounded and captured. Freed from captivity in 1917, Josip Broz moved to Petrograd, wanting to get a job at the Putilov plant. Participated in the July demonstration, when the Bolsheviks tried to take power from the Provisional Government — although he himself admitted that he was not then their supporter, but simply “went along with” everyone. He fled to & nbsp; Finland, was again captured and sent to & nbsp; Kungur. He fled again and joined the Red Guard detachment in Siberia and the Yugoslav section of the RSDLP (b). In 1920, under the name of Joseph Brozovich, he registered a marriage with a 14-year-old peasant woman Pelageya Belousova and soon left for Yugoslavia. By the way, there he and received the party pseudonym “Tito”, which soon became an integral part of his surname.

Josip Broz among the workers at the factory in Kamnik. 1911 Source: Public Domain

Marshal against the Generalissimo

In the homeland, Tito joined the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, was arrested, was imprisoned, and after his release, entered the leadership of the Yugoslav Communist Party. In 1934, a certainJosef Hofmacher arrived in Moscow, for some reason signing documents as Friedrich Walther. It was none other than Tito, who came to the USSR to work in the Comintern. A few years later, he returned to Yugoslavia and became Secretary General, and not without the help of Comrade Stalin, who dealt with his main competitors.

During the war, Tito led the partisan movement in Yugoslavia, where he enjoyed great support from the population. By the end of the war, the Partisan People's Liberation Army was a powerful force and numbered about a million (!) People. Tito himself directly participated in the battles, was wounded. He was the only Allied commander-in-chief to be wounded on the front.

Relations between Marshal Tito and Generalissimo Stalin deteriorated sharply after the war. Tito did not want to include the country in Stalin's project to create a Balkan federation. In addition to Yugoslavia, the federation was supposed to include Albania, Bulgaria, Romania and even Greece, if the communists came to power there. It took more than one year to normalize Soviet-Yugoslav relations.

Josip Broz Tito, August 1942 Photo: www.globallookpress.com/imago stock&people via www.imago

And here is a conspiracy theory

Those who knew Tito closely claimed that he was well versed in music and literature, had secular manners, knew a lot about precious stones, wines and cigars. At the same time, while speaking several languages, he made elementary mistakes in native Serbo-Croatian. After a linguistic analysis of Tito's speech, specialists of the US NSA came to the conclusion that it strongly deviates from the linguistic norm and even put forward a version on this basis that he was not the person he pretended to be, and was was born in the Balkans. Interestingly, when Tito came to his native village many years later, his fellow villagers did not recognize him. According to various versions, Tito was considered a Pole, a German, an agent of the NKVD, who replaced the real Josip Broz in Moscow in the 1930s …

However, all these conspiracy theories in no way diminished the popularity of the Yugoslav leader. When on May 4, 1980, during a football match in Split between the local Hajduk team, and Belgrade "Red Star" the news of his death came, the game was immediately interrupted, the players and the referees gathered in the center of the field. Tears flowed down the faces of the judges and athletes of both teams (both Serbs and Croats), and almost 50,000 spectators, without any command, stood up and sang: “Comrade Tito, we swear to you that from” your we will not collapse!».

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North Korea launches third ballistic missile into the Sea of ​​Japan

North Korea has fired its third ballistic missile into the Sea of ​​Japan.

This is reported by Yonhap with reference to the South Korean military.

According to the agency, North Korea launched three “unidentified ballistic missiles” on Wednesday heading east from the Sunan area in Pyongyang.

Japanese Defense Minister Nobuo Kishi called these missile launches a provocation carried out after US President Joe Biden's visit to the country as part of the Quad summit.

Also, according to the minister, in connection with the missile launches, the Japanese side protested to the DPRK through diplomatic channels.

Rane Biden said he was not worried about possible nuclear tests by North Korea. According to him, the United States has thought through retaliatory measures for any steps taken by Pyongyang.

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USC confirms laying of two non-nuclear submarines

Laying of two large diesel-electric submarines of project 677 “Lada” will be held this year at the Admiralty Shipyards Petersburg, RIA Novosti reports.

This was announced by the head of the United Shipbuilding Corporation Alexei Rakhmanov during a conversation with the agency correspondents.

He noted that everything is ready at the enterprise to start construction However, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation will determine the exact dates for the laying of two new submarines.

According to Rakhmanov, the contract with the military department for the construction of submarines was signed in June 2019.

Earlier it was also reported that in This year, USC plans to transfer eight surface ships and submarines to the Russian Navy.

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How has the calculation of the amount of certificates for rehabilitation facilities changed?

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 21. Got it from Azovstal 25/05/2022 Story Social insurance

New The Government Decree will help make it easier for people with disabilities to receive technical rehabilitation equipment.

Now you can buy a cane, a stroller, a hearing aid, diapers at the current market price, even if their cost has increased over the past two months.

What does the new procedure for determining the cost of an electronic certificate for TCP mean and what are its advantages, “AiF” experts of the Social Insurance Fund explained.

Unfortunately, the increase in prices affected not only products and basic necessities, but also medical products for the disabled. Of course, according to the law, people with disabilities have the right to receive technical means of rehabilitation free of charge at the expense of the state, but in this case they will have to wait for some time. You can not wait and purchase the necessary product yourself using an electronic certificate or receive compensation after the purchase. However, the amount of the electronic certificate, as well as the amount of compensation, was previously determined according to the last fully executed state contract for the purchase of the same rehabilitation device using the FSS funds in this region. Most of these purchases were completed last year, when prices were different. This means that in the current situation, people with disabilities would have to pay a lot of money from their own budget in order to purchase the necessary technical means of rehabilitation. Not everyone has the opportunity to do this.

To solve this problem, a government decree of May 6, 2022 was adopted on a new method for calculating the cost of an electronic certificate for the purchase of TSR. According to the new methodology, in order to calculate the amount of a certificate for TSR, a state contract should be used, during which at least one product was delivered (work performed, service rendered) within 60 calendar days before the date of submission by a disabled, insured person of an application for the provision of goods, work or service using an electronic certificate. That is, the amount that will be recorded on the certificate and with which it will be possible to pay for TCP will be equal to the amount of this last purchase.

So far, the new mechanism for determining the amount available with an electronic certificate for the purchase of TCP is valid until January 1, 2023. Then the authorities will analyze its effectiveness and decide on its extension or change.

Recall that an electronic certificate for the purchase of TMR can be obtained by any citizen who has the right to provide TMR (disabled people who have suffered from accidents at work, who have received an occupational disease). TSW should be written into the rehabilitation program (IPRA). Money for TCP is reserved on the Mir card and are transferred to the seller upon purchase. You can issue an electronic certificate by submitting an application through the State Services portal or in person by contacting the territorial office of the Social Insurance Fund.

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Amanat is a matter of honor. How was the fate of the “Russian” son of Imam Shamil

On 26 May the film «Amanat», which tells the tragic love story of Jamaluddin, the son of Imam Shamil, and  Russian noblewoman Elizabeth, granddaughter of President of the Imperial Academy of Arts and Secretary of State of the Russian Empire Alexei Olenin.

This story is very real. In 1839 g. during the siege and assault of the fortified mountain village of Akhulgo, the nine-year-old son of Imam Shamil, at the demand of the Russian General Pavel Grabbewas handed over to the Russian side as a hostage. About what like and the title of the movie — the word «amanat» most often translated exclusively in the meaning of “hostage”. Another thing is that in the Islamic tradition this Arabic word means, first of all, not a person or an object, but a rather broad concept. In a purely theological sense, “amanat” is everything that the Almighty created and that he entrusted, entrusted to people. In relationships the same between people under "amanat" understand something that can be translated as “a matter of faith, trust and honor”.

By and large, this includes family, and love, service, attitude towards oath, and honest observance of contracts… Well and in fact, of course and the fate of Jamaluddin and Elizaveta Olenina, in everything named was woven into a rather cunning knot. Trust, honor and loyalty were constantly tested in this story. And it's not to say that everything always went smoothly.

“Mr. Highlander”

It manifests itself right at the very beginning of the story. Imam Shamil, locked up by Russian troops in that very village of Akhulgo, entered into negotiations solely under the influence of force. A series of assaults, huge losses, murmuring of those close — all this forced Shamil to accept the terms of surrender, the most important of which were three. First — enter into & nbsp; citizenship of the Russian Empire. Second — bring a promise not to take up arms against their new lawful sovereign. Third — give the Russians a confirmation of the purity of their intentions to the eldest son. The practice for the peoples who profess Islam is quite ordinary, so there is no “mockery of the father and & nbsp; son” there was no side of the imperial army. Rather opposite — respect for local customs.

This is indirectly evidenced by the diary entries of Lieutenant-General Pavel Grabbe: “Shamil’s son of nine years old, a lively boy, manages without timidity as at home.” By all accounts, he was in prepared for the role of a hostage. In including education — getting into amanats was a kind of “professional risk”; Imam's son.

The first photograph of Imam Shamil, taken in early September 1859 by Count I. G. Nostits in Chiryurt. Source: Public Domain

So, between the Russian Emperor Nicholas I and Shamil, a “matter of honor” took place. How were the conditions observed?

From the side of Nicholas — exemplary. The emperor declared to Jamaluddin: "You will be mine, and I — yours! And & nbsp; assigned him first to & nbsp; Moscow, to & nbsp; the Alexandrinsky Orphan's Institute, which later became the famous Alexander Military School. But there was no Muslim priest there, and therefore the boy was transferred to Alexander Cadet Corps for Orphans in Tsarskoye Selo. From which follows a fair conclusion — no one forced Jamaluddin to change his faith. He was even allowed to dress not according to the uniform of the corps, but to wear his own national costume. B 1841  he is completely transferred to the First Cadet Corps — Nikolai's favorite educational institution, where his sons were brought up. By the way, the official name of the hostage is: «His Excellency Mr. Highlander Jamaluddin Shamil».

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Assault on the village of Akhulgo. Hood F. A. Roubaud, 1888

Revenge for revenge?

What about his father, Imam Shamil? Unfortunately, he acted against honor. In principle, it can be understood. Sometime in 1837  Russian Emperor Nicholas I, being in the Caucasus, offered him a good agreement. Shamil will lay down his arms, and in return he will receive this: “The Emperor will magnify Shamil, show him honor and” make all Dagestan Muslims manager of affairs. This offer was arrogantly rejected. The Turks, interested in continuing the war in the Caucasus, then also promised Shamil the title of “King of the Transcaucasian” and officially proclaimed him “Generalissimo of the Circassian Army”. Now, having been defeated by the Russians in 1839 and lost his first-born child, he began to take revenge. Military operations against Russia, contrary to the treaty of honor, already in & nbsp; 1840 & nbsp; were reopened.

Did it affect the fate of Jamaluddin? Partly. He writes touching letters to his father: “My precious parent Shamil! I perform all the rites of the Mohammedan faith as I did at home, for by order of the Most Gracious Sovereign Emperor, the mullah of our faith teaches us. Since since I separated from you, I wrote to you with the permission of the Administration twice, and have not received any news from you, and and therefore I ask you, my dear parent, not to  oblivion…» However, these emails are not getting through. The reason is simple. Since the imam does not  comply with the terms of the agreement of honor, then the emperor considers himself entitled to respond adequately — letters from "Mr. Highlander" are accepted, but they are not sent to the addressee, but settle in the archive of the Separate Gendarme Corps.

However, in everything else, Jamaluddin does not experience any constraints. He is an excellent student, in addition to Russian he is learning French and German, in his own words he has become very fond of dancing and gymnastics», and also loves the exact sciences — “finds some strange pleasure in solving mathematical problems” … And, finally, in & nbsp; 1849 & nbsp; leaves the  corps in the rank of cornet. To serve, he is sent to the  Vladimir 13th Lancers Regiment, which is based in Torzhok, Tver Province.

There also, in Torzhok, the Olenev family lives — the doors of their houses were always open for the youth of the capital. B 1849  among these same youth, the most notable was, of course, “Mr. Highlander.” After the tremendous success of Mikhail Lermontov's novel “A Hero of Our Time” everything connected with the Caucasus was extremely romanticized. It is not surprising that the granddaughter of the President of the Academy of Arts and the daughter of the hero of the war of 1812, Pyotr Olenin, Elizabeth drew attention to Jamaluddin.

Portrait of E. M. Olenina, 1791 Artist Vladimir Borovikovsky (1757-1825)

Incomplete happiness

In general, the plot of the novel took place. Which also had political overtones. Young people, having explained themselves, opened their feelings. Elizabeth — father. Jamaluddin — to the emperor, who was to him, in his own words, “instead of his father.” Pyotr Olenin didn't mind. Emperor — especially. According to the laws of the Russian Empire, a Muslim could not marry an Orthodox woman without first breaking with the faith of the fathers and not being baptized. Nicholas I knew this very well, and welcomed the marriage, even expressing a desire to become the godfather of “Mr. determined. According to the nephew of Elizabeth Olenina, to the writer Pyotr Olenin-Volgar, the son of Shamil said to his betrothed bride: «Your God — my God! My soul — your soul. Your faith is better than mine already because she knows the Blessed Virgin, the Divine Mother, and my faith doesn know her…»

The engagement lasted nearly five years. B 1854  Imam Shamil struck the Russian Emperor under the knees. The Crimean War was on. In June-July 1854  the British-French fleet blocked Russian ships in the bay of Sevastopol. In the same days, Shamil invades Georgia, where his murids sow death and destruction. And also capture the most valuable prisoners — Anna Chavchavadze and Varvara Orbeliani. Both of them, not only are the granddaughters of the last Georgian king, but also the ladies-in-waiting of the Empress.

Actually, this is where the story of Elizabeth and Jamaluddin ends. If you believe the story of Olenin-Volgar, “Mr. Highlander”, having learned that they were going to exchange him for Georgian princesses, seemed to try to escape, but he was caught and taken in custody to the Caucasus, not even allowing him to see the & nbsp; farewell to bride-in-law.

The exchange took place. True, it did not bring joy to anyone. Nicholas I in March 1855  died. Shamil's hopes that his firstborn would continue his father's work did not come true. He, although he formally remained a Muslim, became “too Russian”. By the same token, he remained faithful to his Russian bride. The father, like the emperor, intercepted his letters to Elizabeth, and then completely forced his son to marriage, marrying him to a Chechen woman. But the happy marriage was — Jamaluddin died of anguish and tuberculosis in 1858 g. So Shamil finally lost his son. He himself next year will become an honorary prisoner of the next Russian emperor, Alexander II. And in 1866 , already living in Kaluga, he will take an oath of allegiance to Russia. It is quite possible that at that moment Shamil regretted the chance he missed almost 30 years ago to end the matter peacefully, as Nicholas I suggested. But time has passed. And too often during these years that same “deed of honor” by which the imam and emperor were bound was violated. The retribution for this turned out to be cruel.

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Headhunters. How the CIA is after our military secrets

Weekly “Argumenty i Fakty” No. 21. Got it from Azovstal 05/25/2022

Last week, the US Air Force reported on the testing of hypersonic weapons. Experts say that they are 10-15 years behind Russia in this area, and therefore their intelligence is hunting for our developments.

«Dagger» don't catch up

A B-52 bomber launched a hypersonic missile off the coast of Southern California that successfully reached 5 times the speed of sound, the US Air Force said. 6.1 thousand km/h.

For the first time, the fact that the Americans created a hypersonic missile was loudly announced back in May 2020 by the then President Donald Trump. He even called it “super duper” a rocket that flies at a speed of Mach 17 (more than 20 thousand km/h). But the world did not have time to envy: the rocket reached such a speed only for a couple of seconds and exploded. Whereas, according to the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Yuri Borisov, who oversees the defense industry, our hypersonic missile showed a steady speed of Mach 27 (33 thousand km/h) during tests.

In March, Russia first used the Kinzhal hypersonic system. in Ukraine – a large underground warehouse of missiles and aviation ammunition was destroyed in the Ivano-Frankivsk region. The Americans began to fuss and also began to prepare the launch. But while they are far behind in this race. No wonder they took Great Britain and Austria as allies in the development of hypersound. Countries have declared that they will create not only weapons, but also protection against them. 

“The most important question – who will have interceptors of hypersonic weapons. Today they do not exist, but in Russia there are experimental options, – says expert of the Center for Military-Political Journalism Vladimir Orlov. He clarified that the S-500 air defense system (it was recently sent to the troops) is potentially capable of intercepting hypersonic missiles flying at high altitudes. With flying at low altitudes, like the “Dagger”, until ­handled.

Hunting for scientists

The main problems that must be solved in the development of hypersonic weapons: the engine, fuel, control system and the fight against ultra-high temperatures, due to which external sensors burn. Our scientists and engineers coped with this task. The overseas ones are still smart. 

“The rocket needs to be controlled. You can launch a hypersonic rocket, but it will be like a log – just fly somewhere and fall somewhere. And we control a rocket like you control a bicycle, – explained military expert, retired colonel Viktor Baranets. – In terms of hypersonics, the United States openly admits that they are 10-15 years behind Russia. That's why Americans are furious. And American intelligence has been on the ears for the past two years. Enormous funds are thrown into finding out hypersonic secrets. 

Baranets claims that the hunt for our scientists is in full swing. Just as our intelligence hunted the US atomic secrets in the middle of the last century, so they are now trying to steal the secret of hypersonic missiles from us. In early 2021, an expert talked about one such attempt by the CIA. According to him, American agents found a conditional “Ivan Ivanovich”, who had access to classified information, and decided to recruit him: “a certain Joe” met a Russian in a restaurant; – he was interested in “the topic of a ramjet engine or the secret of the material with which the rocket is covered.” Both were then detained by counterintelligence of the Russian Federation. “American intelligence officers are almost in the garbage containers near our design bureaus, trying to find out at least some secrets. And, of course, they are trying to bribe our scientists who are engaged in this area. Here we must congratulate them: they managed to seduce three such traitors. Two of them are now on the bunk, and one lay down for a while, fell ill and died, & ndash; says Baranets.

Last year, the general director and chief designer of the Scientific Research Enterprise of Hypersonic Systems OJSC was arrested. ­(NIPGS) Alexander Kuranov. Of course, the case is classified. It is only known that the scientist – specialist in the field of physics and chemistry of plasma – previously focused on hypersonic technologies, including the development of the Ajax hypersonic multipurpose aircraft. The Ajax concept in the late ­1980s, suggested by Vladimir Freishtadtworking in the same NIPGS. The idea is not to protect the device, flying at great speed, from prohibitively high temperatures, but on the contrary – let them in to increase energy. This solved the problem.

The Americans copied the design of the Yak-141 VTOL rotary engine onto their F-35 aircraft. Photo: Collage AiF

In recent years, several criminal cases have been initiated in Russia at once against scientists who worked with hypersound. In 2018, Viktor Kudryavtsev, an employee of TsNIIMash, was arrested on charges of state treason. In 2019 – another employee of TsNIIMash, Deputy Head of the Department of Spacecraft Roman Kovalev. In 2021, professors of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute (TsAGI) Valery Golubkin were arrested. He was engaged in hypersonic flow around aircraft. Shortly before this, “sat down” Another employee of TsAGI, Anatoly Gubanov.

The Americans are actively looking for approaches to the secrets and scientists not only of the Russian Federation, but also of China. Although, according to military expert Aleksey Leonkov, the Chinese developments in hypersound are at the level of our 1980 & ndash; 1990s. It is not easy to get such information, so they try to “go into the topic” under the guise of an exchange of experience on the part of civilian hypersound at various international conferences. “This was also the case in Soviet times, when professional intelligence officers under the guise of scientists or idly wandering amateurs visited military-technical exhibitions and asked questions. The main task – identify the carrier of important information, get it, and if it doesn’t work, then eliminate it, – says the expert.

What did you steal?

By the way, contrary to stereotypes about the “advanced West and backward Russia”, hypersound – far from the first of our technology, which is hunted by foreign intelligence agencies. For example, not so long ago it turned out that Britain and the United States stole a hydroacoustic system from the USSR. Operation Barmaid in Secrets of the Conqueror: The Untold Story of Britain's Most Famous Submarine describedStuart Prebble. When it became known in the 1970s that the Soviet Union had a more advanced sonar system in service (it was a separate station that was towed by a reconnaissance ship), Western intelligence began hunting for it. In August 1982, a special operation was carried out in the Barents Sea to steal this system. To do this, a cutting device was attached to the bow of the Conqueror submarine. The submarine sailed up to the Soviet ship at night, cut the cable and towed the sonar station to the base, and from there it was taken by plane to a research center in the USA.

In the early 1990s, when the creation of all sorts of joint ventures on the principle of “our brains” was actively flourishing; their money”, the naive designers of the Yakovlev Design Bureau turned to the “friendly” Americans with a request to financially support the promising development of a military carrier-based vertical takeoff aircraft Yak-141. The Americans did not lose their heads and signed a contract under which they “privatized” most of the technical developments of Soviet engineers. Our scientists managed to complete what they started, but in parallel, a new F-35 military aircraft appeared in the United States, which suspiciously resembled our Yak-141. The appearance of the F-117 stealth aircraft is not even due to intelligence, but to our negligence. The development of the Soviet engineer Pyotr Ufimtsevwas considered unpromising at the time and was not classified. After its publication in a scientific journal, there was a “breakthrough”; over the ocean.

In 1989, the Americans were impressed by the ­K-36DM catapult, which is equipped with military aircraft MiG-29, Su-27, Su-30, Su-24, Su-34, ­Tu-160 . They saw it in action at the Le Bourget air show. Then our MiG-29 fighter crashed, but the pilot survived and escaped with bruises, although he ejected at a low altitude – 80 m. There was nothing like that in the USA then. But in the mid-1990s, they began to produce a modification of the ACES-2 catapult, in which the inventions used in our development were applied. And these are not all examples…

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Borrell called on the EU to learn the “language of power”

Europe can use not only “soft power” but also “heavy power, not necessarily military power,” which should be used in its own interests, Borrell suggested. In his opinion, the EU should create its own “narrative”

Josep Borrell

European countries should use “heavy power” in their own interests, they must find partners not only among like-minded states, said EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell at a debate organized by the Center for European Policy Research (CEPS). The broadcast was conducted on YouTube.

“Europe must learn to use the language of power <…> It is the ability to respond to threats, to respond by pursuing our interests. It's not just “soft power” legal system, but the use of heavy force, not necessarily military, but heavy,— said Borrell (quote from RIA Novosti).

The countries of Europe must “take the initiative and build coalitions,” he continued, adding that the EU must find “its own narrative, its own story” to help convince people. Borrell explained: “We are too technocratic in the EU institutions, we don’t touch emotions, we don’t have a narrative, because we are used to solving a political problem through technocratic procedures. We need to rethink this and create a narrative.

According to him, the “battle of narratives” can be more effective in the modern world by pointing out that people are influenced not only by weapons or the provision of benefits, but also by “narratives”. “Narrative” it is a kind of currency of world influence,»,— stressed the head of European diplomacy.

At the end of May, Borrell called for the creation of a single armed forces of the European Union and to increase efforts in the field of self-defense of European countries. Russia's actions in Ukraine have caused “a tectonic shift in the 'European security landscape',” he said, and it is now clear that Europe is in danger. “The new security environment demonstrates that the EU must take more responsibility for its own security,” I'm sure Borrell. He also expressed confidence that the conflict in Ukraine could be resolved only by military means, stressing that “wars are usually won or lost on the battlefield.”

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The Russian authorities saw in Borrell's words a change in the “rules of the game”. Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov called them “out of the ordinary,” suggesting that the head of European diplomacy “blurted something.” The minister considered that Borrell's statements were a sign of a “very serious turnaround” in the policy that Western countries have been pursuing since the beginning of Russia's operation in Ukraine.

“Here's the” economic organization “. This is no longer the European Union. It's just a department of economic relations with NATO, — appreciated the representative of the Ministry of Foreign AffairsMariaZakharova.

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The pro-Russian authorities of Zaporozhye announced their intention to become part of Russia

The Zaporozhye region was a Russian region for “hundreds of years”, after taking control of the city of Zaporozhye, the process of becoming part of Russia will begin, the military-civilian administration said, rejecting the creation of the Zaporozhye Republic

The only way to develop the Zaporozhye region involves joining Russia as a full-fledged region without the formation of the Zaporozhye People's Republic or any kind of “gray zone”, RIA Novosti said. member of the main council of the military-civilian administration of the region Vladimir Rogov. The region is under partial control of the Russian military.

“We want to be part of Russia, as we have always been for hundreds of years. We have always been the advanced part of the Russian Empire. The population of the Zaporozhye region is absolutely Russian in mentality, so it will take a few months to fully adapt. More and more people are actively in favor of rapprochement with Russia,— Rogov claims.

Video

He noted that the process of joining the region to Russia will begin after taking control of the regional center— the city of Zaporozhye, now Russian forces control only two-thirds of the region. “Everything is leading to the fact that the city will be liberated,” — insists a member of the main council of the military-civilian administration of the Zaporozhye region, suggesting that the region will be included in the Southern Federal District (SFD).

Rogov also spoke about the introduction of a dual-currency zone in the Zaporozhye region using rubles and hryvnia. He added: “All benefits will be paid in rubles. The arrival of the ruble significantly revived the economy of the region».

In mid-May, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Marat Khusnullin expressed confidence that the Zaporozhye region should be more integrated with Russia. He explained that he visited the region specifically to assist in this process. “I believe that the perspective of the region— work in our friendly Russian family»,— Khusnullin added, noting that the Zaporozhye region has the potential for the production of building materials, which will be useful during the restoration of the territories.

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“In Russia today there is not enough building materials. Therefore, we believe that it is necessary to use all enterprises as much as possible, including for the restoration of the territories of the Donetsk and Lugansk regions, — said the Deputy Prime Minister.

Similarly, he also spoke about the Kherson region, which has been under the complete control of Russian forces since mid-March. “Kherson has a great prospect and a worthy place in our Russian family,” — Khusnullin is sure. In early May, the military-civilian administration of this region announced its intention to become part of Russia on the basis of an appeal to President Vladimir Putin. The Kremlin replied that this issue should be studied by lawyers, and the decision to join Russia should be made by the inhabitants of the region.

The southern regions of Ukraine, occupied by Russian troops, will become part of Russia ” “by the will of the people itself,” Dmitry Muradov, permanent representative of Crimea to the Russian president, said in mid-May. In his opinion, these regions were “gifted” to Ukraine, and their inhabitants have lived under “repressions and bullying” for the last eight years. Later, he pointed out that the rights of Russians in Ukraine were violated, because of which the state could not remain “in the form” in which it existed. “This is already the former Ukraine”, — Muradov said.

Kyiv will withdraw from the negotiation process with Moscow if referendums are held in the territories occupied by Russian forces, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has warned.

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WP learned that the United States is arming Taiwan, following the example of supplies to Ukraine

Taiwan is planned to become like a “porcupine” due to the concentration of weapons and other forms of support from the United States, WP interlocutors told. Previously, Biden said that Washington is ready to defend Taiwan militarily “WP learned that the United States is arming Taiwan, following the example of deliveries to Ukraine” />

The White House has stepped up efforts to re-equip Taiwan's defense system to repel a possible Chinese attack, for this, the experience of supplying weapons to Ukraine in recent years is used, reports The The New York Times, citing sources among current and former US officials.

The publication writes that Washington's goal is to turn Taiwan into a “porcupine”— a territory that would be extensively equipped with American weaponry and “other forms of support.” Officials in the US are behind the scenes recommending that the Taiwan authorities acquire weapons that are suitable for conducting asymmetric warfare— a conflict in which small armed forces use mobile systems to strike at a superior enemy.

Taiwan recently purchased US-made mobile missile platforms, anti-ship missiles and F-16 fighter jets, according to The New York Times.

Earlier this week, US President Joe Biden announced his readiness to defend Taiwan militarily if China uses force against it. He made this statement after meeting with the head of the Japanese government, Fumio Kushida. The President of the United States noted that there should be no “unilateral change in the status quo” because Beijing has no right to use force to seize Taiwan, and the Chinese military is “playing with fire.”

“Our policy in regarding Taiwan has not changed at all: we remain determined to maintain peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait and ensure that there is no unilateral change in the status quo,” — he stressed, adding that the United States at the same time adheres to the “one China” policy.

The Chinese side responded with a strong protest. “Taiwan is an integral part of the territory of China”, — Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin added. China insists US is 'raising the wave' in the situation around Taiwan. Wu Qiang, a spokesman for the Chinese military, warned that if Washington increased its activity on this issue, Beijing intended to “act harder to protect state sovereignty and territorial integrity.”

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Informed interlocutors of the Financial Times previously reported on high-level talks between Washington and London, during which options were discussed for closer cooperation in order to reduce the threat of war with China over Taiwan. The parties studied emergency plans for the first time. According to the publication, the meeting took place in early March and was attended by National Security Council representative Laura Rosenberger and White House coordinator for the Indo-Pacific region Kurt Campbell from the American side.

Taiwan — an island in the South China Sea, about 100 km off the coast of mainland China. Its administrative status is not regulated. The territory declared secession from China in 1949 during the civil war, but the Chinese authorities do not recognize its independence and consider it one of the provinces of the country.

The United States does not have official diplomatic relations with Taiwan, but at the same time they are selling weapons to him under the Taiwan Relations Law, passed in 1979, which provides for the supply of weapons to the country for self-defense. At the same time, Washington maintains official relations with China, and also diplomatically recognizes the position of Beijing, according to which there is only one Chinese government.

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FSO lieutenant colonel requested 13 years in prison in Putin’s residence case

Entrepreneurs from companies that were engaged in the construction and reconstruction of the residence in Novo-Ogarevo reported that they gave bribes to Lieutenant Colonel Golokhvostov and other employees so that they did not notice violations and theft

lieutenant colonel Alexei Golokhvostov 13 years in a strict regime colony and a fine of 40 million rubles. in the case of a bribe during the construction of the presidential residence in Novo-Ogaryovo. This was reported by Kommersant.

The 235th garrison military court, chaired by Artem Karpov, has been considering the Golokhvostov case since January of this year. On May 24, a court session was held, at which the prosecutor's office requested punishment, while she did not demand to deprive the lieutenant colonel of a special rank and state awards. The defense insisted on an acquittal, since, according to the lawyer, Golokhvostov's guilt had not been proven. The court is due to announce the verdict on May 26.

Alexey Golokhvostov— former deputy head of the 4th department of the 2nd department of the capital construction department of the engineering and technical support service of the FSO.

In September 2020, the main military investigative department of the NC opened a criminal case against him under the article on accepting a bribe on an especially large scale (part 6 of article 290 of the Criminal Code). According to investigators, from the beginning of February 2015 to November 2016, he received a bribe of 20 million rubles. “for general patronage” and connivance in the service.

Testimony against the FSO officer was given by the former director of the company “Stroykomplekt” Dmitry Torchinsky and top manager of Stroyfasad (part of the Baltstroy Group of Companies) Stanislav Kyuner, who were detained in the case of especially large embezzlement (part 4 of article 160 of the Criminal Code) during the construction and reconstruction of the residence. They received five and six years in a strict regime colony, respectively.

Then the entrepreneurs said that they gave bribes to FSO employees so that they would not notice theft and violations during construction.

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December 29, 2020 Golokhvostov came with his things and a lawyer to the military investigation department and issued a confession. He was detained and charged with taking bribes. The court took the lieutenant colonel into custody.

The defendant of the suspect, Vladimir Titov, stated that Golokhvostov issued a confession under pressure from the investigation, despite the weak evidence base. The FSO officer denied taking bribes.

At the same time, there is a second episode in the case under the article on a large-scale bribe (part 5 of article 290 of the Criminal Code). The investigation considered that in 2018 Golokhvostov threatened the Petersburg Renaissance LLC company, which would prevent the acceptance and coordination of work on the reconstruction of 11 towers of the Moscow Kremlin. Then he received part of the money from the head of the company, Ivan Orenchuk, at a meeting in Alexander Garden, the case file said. have already condemned the top managers of the firm “Climate Prof” (part of Baltstroy) Sergei Perevalov and Alexander Rodionov, Kommersant wrote. The first received four years in a general regime colony, the second— three.

Since 2012, the 2nd Western District Military Court is still considering criminal cases under the FSO contract with FSUE Ateks.

The company was supposed to build a reception house, a hotel with a gym, a commandant's office, a garage, a hangar for storing park equipment, a checkpoint and a boiler room in the residence. The amount of the contract reached 5.7 billion rubles. However, 1.3 billion rubles. went to the accounts of one-day firms under fictitious contracts for the work performed, the investigation found out.

In March 2017, the defendants in the case were the ex-head of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise “Ateks” FSO Andrey Kaminov, former head of the engineering and technical support service of the FSO, Major General Igor Vasilyev, top manager of Stroyfasad Sergei Litvinov, head of the Forum holding Dmitry Mikhalchenko. Colonel Dmitry Ulitin, head of the engineering and technical support department of the FSO, and ex-general director of the Klimat Prof company, also became participants in the case. Boris Maltsev.

President Vladimir Putin occupied the Novo-Ogaryovo residence in 2000 and did not move out of it even under the presidency of Dmitry Medvedev.

The residence is located on the site of a 19th-century estate, which was built by order Prince Sergei Alexandrovich, son of Alexander II, in the style of English Gothic. In Soviet times, it was used as a country house for receptions of the Central Committee of the CPSU. Under Putin, a stable, a swimming pool, a gym, a house for official receptions, a guest house with a cinema hall, a temple, a heliport, greenhouses and even a poultry house appeared on the site.

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