Readers of the British tabloid Daily Mail ridiculed Joe Biden's comment on the results of negotiations with Vladimir Putin on New Year's Eve. The leaders of the United States and Russia spoke on the phone for 50 minutes. Further, the sides' assessments of the results of this conversation differ.
The Kremlin said that the American president had threatened “large-scale sanctions” because of the situation in Ukraine. In response, Putin said that it would be a major mistake. Indeed, in this case, a complete rupture of relations may follow.
Later, Joe Biden said that during the conversation he “made it clear” to his Russian colleague about the inadmissibility of an “invasion” of Ukraine and threatened with a “high price” in the event. aggression “.
Readers laughed at the American version. Most users believe that Biden is not afraid on the world stage. in addition, he is tongue-tied and cannot clearly respond to emergency situations.
“Let's be honest, no other world leader is afraid of Biden. Everyone laughs at him and no one takes him seriously,” he expressed his opinion BigBlueBill. “Joe capitulated in Kabul,” Wokemadness recalled.
In addition, users recalled to Biden that he did not remember at all – where he ran for and how he became president of the United States. The British agreed that the threats of the American leader were unlikely someone can be frightened.
The asteroid & nbsp; Apophis & nbsp; with a diameter of more than 300 meters will fly up to the Earth at a close distance in the spring of 2029, RIA Novosti was told at VNII GOChS (part of the Ministry of Emergency Situations). & nbsp;
According to According to the forecast, the approach to the orbit where the geostationary satellites are located will happen on April 13, 2029. & nbsp;
Experts note that the energy released during a possible collision of an asteroid with the Earth will amount to 1,717 megatons, which is 30 times more than the energy released during the explosion of the world's most powerful bomb tested in 1961.
As explained by the former head of the Center & nbsp; Antistikha & nbsp; Vladislav Bolov, an asteroid diameter of about one or two kilometers is a threshold for a global catastrophe, as well as added that the completeness of information about such space objects is estimated at less than 80%.
Earlier, NASA reported that two potentially dangerous asteroids are approaching the Earth, one of the celestial bodies the size of Big Ben will pass our planet January 11 at a distance nii 5.6 million kilometers.
Believers should plan their days off and spend time & nbsp; with their family, a popular blogger and rector of the Church of St. George the Victorious in Nakhabino, priest Pavel Ostrovsky, told RIA Novosti. & nbsp; & nbsp;
According to him, a state when a person is not busy with anything can give rise to a state of despondency, laziness and irritability.
“For a Christian, such a state is unacceptable” – & nbsp; said & nbsp; Ostrovsky, and also advised to plan the time from New Year to Christmas. & nbsp;
The priest noted that it is desirable for believers to come to the temple on Christmas Eve, and also urged to spend holidays with family and children.
Earlier, the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill called on the clergy to be patient with the restrictions imposed due to the coronavirus for the sake of the opportunity to participate in worship.
Nikulinsky court & nbsp; Moscow & nbsp; will reconsider the case of the murder of a student at MGIMO, RIA Novosti reports with reference to the instance. & nbsp;
& quot; The court session is scheduled for January 19 & raquo;, & nbsp; – said in court. & nbsp;
In & nbsp; April 2018 & nbsp; a student from Kazakhstan & nbsp; fell out of the window of the fourth floor of the MGIMO building. According to witnesses, before that, the girl was sorting out the relationship with the young man. The student fell into a coma and died three weeks later.
In 2020, the Basmanny Court of Moscow arrested the son of the former head of the government of the Republic of Dagestan Mukhtar Medzhidov Murtuzali, who was accused of murdering the girl. & Nbsp; & nbsp;
In June 2021, the Nikulinsky court issued an acquittal, as the jury found that his guilt in the student's death was not proven. & Nbsp;
In October 2021, the Moscow City Court overturned the acquittal of the jury, the defendant's lawyer Shamil & nbsp; Yandarbayev & nbsp; then said that the eighth composition of the city court of the capital satisfied the appeals of the victims and the appeal submission of the prosecutor's office to overturn the sentence against Murtuzali Medzhidov.
An earthquake with a magnitude of 5.5 occurred in the southwestern province of Yunnan, according to the Chinese Seismological Center.
The tremors were registered in the city of Lijiang, where over 1.2 million people live. The epicenter of the seismic event was on the territory of Ninlan County, the focus lay at a depth of 10 kilometers.
There was no information about casualties or destruction in Lijiang.
Earlier, an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.3 was recorded in China, the epicenter was 78 kilometers from the city of Golmud.
The dangerous asteroid Apophis will fly up to Earth on April 13, 2029. This was reported at the All-Russian Research Institute for Civil Defense and Emergencies (VNII GOChS).
According to calculations, the space object will approach the Earth by almost 38.4 thousand kilometers. This is almost the same distance at which geostationary satellites are placed in orbit.
What will happen when Apophis approaches the Earth? & nbsp;
According to VNII specialists, the speed of approach of Apophis to the Earth will be 7.42 kilometers per second. The energy that will be released in a possible collision of an asteroid with a planet will amount to 1,717 megatons, which is 30 times more than the explosion of the world's most powerful Soviet thermonuclear bomb, which was tested in 1961.
within a radius of 10 km from the place of fall, it can reach 6.5 points on the Richter scale, the wind speed will be at least 790 m per second '', & mdash; said in the forecast of the institute.
What is known about the asteroid? & nbsp;
The asteroid Apophis was discovered in 2004 by Roy Tucker , David Tholen and Fabrisio Bernardi at the Kitt Peak Astronomical Observatory in Arizona, USA. The near-Earth asteroid belongs to the Aton group ( a group of near-Earth asteroids whose orbits intersect the Earth's orbit from the inside & mdash; approx. ed .).
Originally an asteroid was called 2004 MN4, but in 2005 it was named Apophis in honor of the ancient Egyptian evil demon Apophis (Apep, Apophis, Greek Ἀ & pi; ό & phi; iota; & sigmaf;).
In ancient Egyptian mythology, Apopis & mdash; it is a giant serpent that lives underground, the personification of evil, darkness and chaos. The Egyptians believed that every night the sun god Ra fought Apophis when he embarked on a journey along the Nile River. & Nbsp;
What is the probability of Apophis colliding with the Earth?
According to scientists, despite the fact that Apophis will fly close to Earth, it will not fall on our planet. Initially, the probability of its collision with the Earth on April 13, 2029 was estimated at 2.7%, but later it was completely ruled out. & Nbsp;
According to experts at the University of Hawaii, the asteroid annually deviates from its orbit. The reason & mdash; The sun unevenly heats the surface of a space body, which is why it receives a weak reactive impulse due to thermal radiation from the side warmed up during the day. According to Dave Tholen of the University of Hawaii Institute of Astronomy, the asteroid is observed to be moving away from its gravitational orbit by about 170 meters per year.
Earlier it was expected that on April 13, 2029, a celestial body will pass at a distance of 29,470 kilometers from the Earth. & Nbsp;
In NASA, Apophis is called one of the most dangerous asteroids for Earth. It was originally thought to be dangerously close to Earth in 2029 and 2036. Later, these predictions were refuted. In March 2021, refined calculations showed that the likelihood of a collision of Apophis with the Earth in 2068 is also minimized and that there is no risk, at least for the next 100 years.
What other asteroids are approaching the Earth? & Nbsp;
Earlier, the British tabloid The Sun, citing NASA data, reported that two potentially dangerous asteroids are approaching the Earth. According to the publication, one of them & mdash; 2013 YD48 & mdash; the size of Big Ben. The asteroid is about 104 meters wide and will pass the planet on January 11 at a distance of 5.6 million kilometers. The second celestial body & mdash; 7482 YD48 & mdash; twice the size of the American Empire State Building, the asteroid will approach Earth on January 18. It will be separated from the planet by about 2 million kilometers. & Nbsp;
According to NASA Deputy Head Thomas Zurbuchen , none of the asteroids currently known to science poses a threat to our planets in the next hundred years.
Major General Rustam Gabdulin, who was investigating the stem in Perm, was fired from the Investigative Committee. Investigator for especially important cases Rustam Gabdulin was relieved of his post at the end of 2021. According to TASS, he is moving to another job
Investigator for especially important cases under the chairman of the Investigative Committee of Russia, Major General of Justice Rustam Gabdulin was dismissed from the Investigative Committee. This is reported by TASS, citing a law enforcement source.
“ Gabdulin was fired at the end of December 2021, '' & mdash; said the interlocutor of the agency. According to him, the major general is moving to another job.
Information about the resignation was also confirmed by the source of KP. in the Investigative Committee. According to the newspaper, Gabdulin left the department of his own free will.
Lawyer Sergei Badamshin on the Telegram channel also published a decree signed on December 28 by Russian President Vladimir Putin on the dismissal of Major General of Justice Rustam Gabdulin from his post.
“ The era is over, '' & mdash; he wrote
Rustam Gabdulin investigated a number of high-profile criminal cases.
For example, he was instructed to investigate the case of a fire in the Kemerovo shopping and entertainment center Zimnyaya Vishnya, which killed 60 people, including 37 children, Kommersant reported. He also investigated the attack on the Perm State National Research University, which killed six people.
In addition, Gabdulin investigated the case of the former mayor of Vladivostok Igor Pushkarev, who was sentenced to 15 years of strict regime for using his official position to receive a bribe on an especially large scale in the execution of state contracts for road repair, and the case of the ex-head of RusHydro Evgeny Doda, who was suspected of major fraud.
Onge was involved in the production of riots and attacks on police officers during the protest on May 6, 2012 on Bolotnaya Square. The action was agreed, but escalated into mass arrests and clashes with the police, which, in turn, led to criminal cases, united in the so-called swamp case.
Gabdulin was also an investigator in the case of the crash of the motor ship “ ; Bulgaria '', which killed 122 people, including 28 children.
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Russia is increasing its achievements in the field of nuclear weapons. The latest torpedo with a nuclear warhead has already been developed, hypersonic missiles have appeared, helicopters and ground-to-air ammunition are being improved. 19Fortyfive military columnist Brian Eastwood said that Moscow already has five types of weapons that can be called the deadliest.
First, he mentioned the Poseidon nuclear torpedo with a huge range. It will be launched from the K-329 Belgorod submarine. “Huge as a bus”, it is capable of reaching the US coast
The expert found the S-400 Triumph missile defense system particularly powerful. She can not only destroy manned aircraft and some dons. It can be used to destroy cruise and ballistic missiles up to 250 miles away. Each battery contains eight launchers of 32 missiles with radar and a mobile command post.
The Pantsir S-1 mobile launcher has 12 surface-to-air missiles and two 30-mm cannons. Capable of shooting down aircraft, ballistic and cruise missiles, precision ammunition. Some upgraded versions have improved radar, increased detection range and effective rotating cannons.
Brian Eastwood compared the Mi-28NM Superhunter attack helicopter with the American AH-64 Apache. The Russian helicopter is equipped with sensors that allow it to fly and attack at night. It has a state-of-the-art radar that provides an all-round view with a radar image. The Mi-28NM develops a speed of 186 miles per hour with a range of 280 miles. It has a 30mm cannon, conventional and anti-tank Attack missiles. Some helicopters have all-weather functions, which is especially valuable in the Middle East.
The expert also mentioned the Yars missile systems. They are designed to launch intercontinental ballistic missiles. Each system can carry 3-6 warheads with a capacity of 150-200 kilotons. The range is about 10 thousand kilometers. Yars is quite difficult to detect, and preparation for launching missiles takes seven minutes.
Read also Americans appreciated the negotiations with Russia and called to forget about Ukraine
Commenting on the statement of Russian President Vladimir Putin that Ukraine includes primordially Russian territories, publicist Sergey Grabowski retorted that in fact it was Russia that seized the Kuban, as well as part of the Belgorod, Voronezh and Rostov regions that belonged to Kiev.
In his column for the Den magazine, the author criticized Putin's words. He stressed that if Ukraine as a state did not really exist 100 years ago, then its right to self-determination becomes illusory. At the same time, the president of the republic, Vladimir Zelensky – “no one calls him anything.” The publicist was surprised by the lack of reaction of the authorities to the words of the Russian leader.
“The silence of official Kiev in the eyes of a significant part of the Western establishment looks as if we recognize at least partial rightness of the” national leader “of Russia,” Grabowski said. p>
Referring to some European maps, he stressed that in the 18th century Ukraine already existed, but Russia did not yet. There was Muscovy. The publicist noticed that on the maps of 1918 Ukraine belongs to the territories of the Belgorod and Voronezh regions, and its lands stretched beyond the Don. At the same time, Grabowski admitted that part of the current Donbass did not really belong to Kiev.
At a big press conference, Vladimir Putin criticized the “squeezing out” of Russians from their historical territories, as well as the law “On the indigenous peoples of Ukraine,” which split society of the republic.
Read also Putin was called the real president of Ukraine
Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova
Head of the Russian military department, Hero of Russia General of the Army Sergei Shoigu on the eve of the New Year congratulated all servicemen on the holiday and thanked them for their service.
“On the threshold of 2022. Let it become a time of good luck and achievement for you. … I want to wish you and your families good health, peace and prosperity, “the minister said in his congratulatory message.
He called the Russian Armed Forces one of the” most modern and efficient in the world. “
According to him, “serving in the ranks of the Russian army has become truly honorable and prestigious.”
Speaking about the outgoing year, Shoigu said: “The road of 2021 was far from smooth, but we firmly followed landmarks, they became more experienced, stronger. ” fights terrorism, participates in special, peacekeeping and humanitarian operations.
Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova
Press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov told reporters that Vladimir Putin's conversation with his American counterpart Joe Biden had started on time, Ren-TV reports.
“The conversation began on time,” the Kremlin spokesman assured.
The White House reported earlier that the talks between the presidents of the United States and the Russian Federation began at 23:35 .
The first female boss of the Neapolitan criminal gang, Assunta Maresca, dies at the San Leonardo hospital near Naples. She was 86 years old. This is reported by the newspaper Corriere del Mezzogiorno.
The cause of death of the criminal, who bore the nickname Pupetta (“Doll”), was a heart attack, RBC reports.
Maresca was the daughter of a Camorra member. Subsequently, she was the wife of one of the bosses of this criminal group, Pasquale Simonetti, who was killed. At the same time, in 1955, being pregnant, she shot the alleged murderer of her husband.
After that, she was sentenced to 13 years in prison, but was released in 1965. Subsequently, her second husband was another boss of the “Camorra” Umberto Ammaturo. After they divorced in 1982, Maresca herself became one of the leaders of the Neapolitan criminal group.
The telephone conversation between Joe Biden and Vladimir Putin has ended, AFP reports citing the White House.
It is noted that the conversation between the presidents of the United States and Russia lasted 50 minutes.
Earlier, the press secretary of the Russian leader Dmitry Peskov said that the telephone conversation began on time.
As previously reported, the beginning of the conversation was scheduled at 23:30 on December 30.
According to Russian President Vladimir Putin, he will celebrate the New Year with his loved ones. But during the New Year holidays, he still has working meetings scheduled.
Earlier, the Russian leader joked that he plans to listen to the president's congratulations on New Year's Eve. “Sitting with loved ones, celebrating the New Year, listening to the president … congratulating the president,” Putin said on the Russia 1 TV channel.
According to Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov, Putin will have New Year's holidays in a partially operational mode. The President will rest for the first few days, but the rest of the time it will be necessary to work with documents, hear and read reports. Also, Peskov did not rule out the holding of working meetings by the president during this period. Peskov does not know whether Putin will go to Sochi or stay in the capital during the January holidays.
According to Western experts, Russia and China will focus on hypersonic weapons
The British edition of The Daily Mail published its scenario of the Third World War – with the Internet disconnected to the enemy and the attacks of superfast missiles. Military observer Mikhail Khodarenok appreciated the train of thought of British journalists.
The Daily Mail's material looks like it was written not in London and certainly not in Washington, but at least in Moscow or Beijing. While the United States focused its military efforts on the Middle East, Russia and China prudently invested huge amounts of money in high technology and hypersonic weapons, according to the author of the publication on TMV, citing estimates of experts from the military.
“Analysts warn of an” acute threat “that will help” shoot down satellites, turn off the phones of ordinary people, drain gas stations and create chaos in the distribution of food. ” article.
According to experts, during the Third World War, Russia or China could attack the same United States with undetectable missiles, 27 times faster than sound, at the same time “blinding” the enemy, disconnecting him from the global network. Lindy Cameron, head of the British National Cybersecurity Center, said that in October, digital attacks were allegedly carried out against the systems of the United Kingdom – from Russian or nearby territories. At the same time, Cameron recalls, neither Moscow nor Beijing forget about combat tests of new weapons, which were also observed last fall.
Michelle Flournoy, the former head of US policy at the Pentagon under Presidents Clinton and Obama, in turn, warned: counterinsurgency, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan … and looking up, we realize that we are now in a very serious competition between the great powers. And they started investing massively in a range of new technologies. “
So, for example, back in 2019, China introduced the DF-17 medium-range hypersonic missile, which can cover a distance of about 2,000 kilometers and is capable of carrying nuclear warheads. In October, the PRC deployed batteries of these missiles in coastal areas in preparation for a possible invasion of Taiwan. This was heralded as a “death sentence” for US aircraft carriers if they came within range of DF-17. This is not the only example of this kind, but is it possible to seriously predict the Third World War on the basis of him and others like him? As the military observer, reserve colonel Mikhail Khodarenok noted in a conversation with MK, the danger of the Third World War exists, but only hypothetically.
“Any possible military clash between the United States or other NATO countries on the one hand and Russia, on the other, will sooner or later lead to the use of nuclear weapons,” the analyst recalled. “Maybe, first, only tactical (but this period will not be significant), but then, after all, there will be an exchange of massive nuclear missile strikes. The role of hypersonic weapons, at whatever stages of development they are in a particular country, will not be of fundamental importance. Intercontinental ballistic missiles, ballistic missiles of submarines, and also strategic winged. Hypersonic weapons, after all, have not yet been massively accepted into service anywhere. “
As for the special attention to the destruction of digital infrastructure, supply chains, disconnecting the enemy from the Network, then, Khodarenok emphasizes, in a nuclear war, all these measures are virtually meaningless. “Even if everything is de-energized, right down to the last light bulb, the Perimeter system will work (a complex of automatic control of a massive retaliatory nuclear strike, in the West known under the unambiguous and eloquent name“ Dead Hand ”-“ MK ”), – the expert recalled – Apparently, theses about the fight against the enemy's infrastructure were taken from the Chinese press, they like to talk about it: allegedly whoever hits the enemy's control systems will have an advantage. “
And, finally, the final question: a what, in fact, can lead to such a war? “Yes, we have disgusting relations with the West,” the analyst does not hide. “But we are not talking, for example, about the struggle of ideologies, economic confrontation. , discussions about communications, as a rule, betray in their authors simply people who do not understand the nature of the application of massive nuclear missile strikes. “
Plot The spread of a new strain of coronavirus “omicron”
Director of the National Institute of Allergic and Infectious Diseases of the United States, Dr. Anthony Fauci, said that the peak incidence of the new strain of coronavirus omicron in the country is likely to happen at the end of January, CNBC reports.
“ I would assume, given the size of our country and the heterogeneous situation with vaccinations, that this process will most likely take more than a couple of weeks, probably , by the end of January, I think & raquo ;, & mdash; he said.
Earlier it became known that Russia & nbsp; created & nbsp; a test system for detecting coronavirus and determining the presence of the omicron strain.
Earlier, & nbsp; British doctors found out, & nbsp; that those infected with the omicron coronavirus strain people may experience head fog, which is sluggish, fuzzy and fuzzy thinking. At the same time, the omicron causes this condition from the very beginning of infection, and not after a long time, as is the case with other strains.
The press service of Roscosmos reported that Russian cosmonauts Anton Shkaplerov and Pyotr Dubrov, who are now on board the ISS, conveyed congratulations to earthlings on the coming New Year, RIA Novosti reports. “ We wish you health, resilience, prosperity and new achievements in the new 2022. Be friendly and happy, Happy New Year! '' & mdash; said Dubrov.
Shkaplerov, in turn, wished to have time to plunge into the magical New Year's mood in the hours remaining before the holiday and say warm words of congratulations to those who are waiting for them.
Previously, Anton Shkaplerov and Pyotr Dubrov prepared a 'herring under a fur coat' to decorate the New Year's table. Shkaplerov posted a video with a space New Year's recipe on his page on the VKontakte social network.
On December 31, the International Space Station will make 16 orbits around the earth. The crew members of the station will celebrate the New Year as many times as the countries are represented at the moment, the cosmonaut specified.
In turn, Roscosmos said that the Russian cosmonauts will rest on January 1 and 2. From January 3, they will begin preparations for a spacewalk.
Plot of a novel coronavirus pandemic that spread from China
Director of the Center. Gamalei Alexander Gintsburg warned that calling Santa Claus at home during the coronavirus pandemic may not be the best idea, reports TASS.
“ I would not invite Santa Claus at this time, but instead of my parents myself would buy a beard and congratulate, so as not to cancel and not spoil the child's holiday, but at the same time arrange it for yourself '', & mdash; he said.
Speaking about attending public events for children, Gunzburg noted that children today are very susceptible to coronavirus infection and therefore need to be careful.
At the end of last week, the head of the Center. Gamalei Alexander Gunzburg & nbsp; said that research on a coronavirus vaccine for children from 6 to 11 years old will take about three months. He clarified that this drug may receive the name Sputnik 2M.
Earlier, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Tatyana Golikova & nbsp; said that the level of collective immunity to coronavirus in Russia increased to 60.4%.
The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation plans to launch three Angara launch vehicles from the Plesetsk cosmodrome in 2022, RIA Novosti reports.
“ Three missiles are planned to be launched in 2022 – carriers of “ Angara '' & mdash; two heavy class “ Angara-A5 '' and one light “ Angara-1.2 ''. They will launch into orbit operating spacecraft for various purposes, there are no plans to launch payload mockups anymore, '' & mdash; said an informed source.
Earlier it was reported that the Angara-A5 missile; with the Perseus upper stage and a payload mock-up was launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome.
The launch took place normally on December 27 at 22:00 Moscow time.
Note that this is the third test launch of a heavy class “ Angara-A5 ''. The previous one was successfully completed on December 14, 2020.
The blocking of navigation in the Suez Canal, the Tokyo Olympics, floods in Europe, the fight against the coronavirus, Euro 2020, the eruption of the Cumbre Vieja volcano. AiF.ru sums up the results of the outgoing year and recalls the brightest events that we followed in 2021.
January 6, 2021. The storming of the Capitol building in the United States. After Joe Biden won the presidential election, his rival, former US President Donald Trump, urged his supporters not to accept the vote. Protesters clashed with police outside the Capitol Building in Washington DC and occupied part of the building for several hours. This assault was the first invasion of a US Congress building since the British attack on it during the Anglo-American War in 1814 © Reuters
March 26, 2021. Blockage of the Suez Canal. The accident of the container ship Ever Given and the subsequent blockage of the Suez Canal occurred on March 23, 2021. This caused a multi-day collapse of world cargo transportation. As of March 29, more than 450 different vessels have gathered in the queue to pass through the canal. On July 7, 2021, the container ship weighed anchor and began sailing north. Ever Given arrived at the Port of Rotterdam on July 29, 2021 © www.globallookpress.com
On April 17, 2021, the funeral of the husband of Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, took place. He passed away on April 9 at the age of 99. In the photo: Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain arrived at Windsor Palace for the funeral of the Duke of Edinburgh Philip © www.globallookpress.com
April 26, 2021. In India, the health care system faced a huge burden, and crematoria could not cope with the influx of bodies of those who died from coronavirus infection, so the bodies of the dead were burned right on the streets © www.globallookpress.com
May 12, 2021. Action in memory of the victims of the shooting in Kazan. On the morning of May 11, there was an attack on school No. 175 on Jaudata Faizi Street in Kazan. 9 people died, more than 25 were injured © www.globallookpress.com
May 17, 2021. Performance of the singer Manizha (Russia) at Eurovision-2021. Manizha took 9th place © www.globallookpress.com
On May 23, 2021, the Italian rock band Maneskin became the winner of Eurovision with their song Zitti E Buoni (Quiet and Obedient) © www.globallookpress.com
May 31, 2021. The aftermath of the explosion of the X-Press Pearl in Sri Lanka. A cargo ship carrying chemicals caught fire and began to sink off the coast of Sri Lanka. As a result, microplastics and toxic chemicals have entered the Indian Ocean and the country's beaches. According to experts, it may take decades to restore an ecosystem known for its biodiversity © www.globallookpress.com
June 6, 2021. The Sea of Marmara in the Istanbul region was covered with thick slime. This phenomenon was first recorded in Turkey in 2007, then it was also observed in the Aegean Sea off the coast of Greece. However, the current spread of slime in the Sea of Marmara has become the largest in history. Sea slime is a natural phenomenon that occurs when phytoplankton overgrowth due to high temperatures and water pollution. According to experts, over the past 40 years, this problem has become more acute © www.globallookpress.com
On June 9, 2021, El Salvador became the first country in the world to recognize bitcoin as an official currency © www.globallookpress.com
Solar eclipse June 10, 2021 in Canada. The inhabitants of the whole world have observed the first annular eclipse of the Sun since 1966. The moon completely covered the center of the star over Chukotka. On the rest of the territory, it was observed as a partial solar eclipse © www.globallookpress.com
June 16, 2021. The first face-to-face meeting of the Presidents of Russia and the United States, Vladimir Putin and Joe Biden, took place in Geneva. © kremlin.ru
On June 25, 2021, a US court sentenced the murderer George Floyd to 22.5 years in prison. Former police officer of the city of Minneapolis Derek Shovin was sentenced by the court to 22.5 years in prison for the murder of African American George Floyd during his arrest. Footage of Floyd's death in custody made it onto video and sparked the wider Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement. Photo: rally on the day of the sentencing of Derek Chauvin near the statue of George Floyd in New York © www.globallookpress.com
July 12, 2021. Floods in Europe are a series of floods that began after heavy rains caused by cyclone Bernd. Several river basins overflowed their banks. Most of the damage was caused by Germany. © www.globallookpress.com
July 12, 2021. The Italian national football team won Euro 2020 © www.globallookpress.com
July 17, 2021. Forest fires in Yakutia began around May 2021. The smoke from the fires reached: the Urals, Khakassia, Yamal, the Trans-Baikal Territory, the Irkutsk Region, Yugra, Sakhalin and other constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as to the north-east of Kazakhstan, Alaska. On August 18, the first deputy head of the RF Ministry of Emergency Situations Alexander Chupriyan announced the stabilization of the situation with forest fires in Yakutia. © Reuters
July 20, 2021 at the MAKS-2021 air show, a presentation of the prototype of the new Russian Checkmate light single-engine tactical fighter was held © www.globallookpress.com
July 23, 2021. The opening ceremony of the Summer Olympic Games in Tokyo. At the XXXII Summer Olympics, the Russian national team won 71 medals: 20 gold, 28 silver and 23 bronze. Russia took the fifth place in the medal standings and became the third in the total number of awards © www.globallookpress.com
August 7, 2021. Forest fires in Turkey. The fires began on 28 July in an area 75 km east of Antalya. Thousands of people were evacuated, and the fire spread to seven regions of the country. Later, wildfires engulfed most of the southern Turkish Mediterranean. As of August 1, the total number of fire victims was 8 people, 864 injured. © www.globallookpress.com
August 14, 2021. Earthquake in Haiti. On the morning of August 14, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 hit the Haiti region. At least 2,207 people died, more than 12 thousand people were injured and injured © www.globallookpress.com
August 15, 2021. Change of government in Afghanistan. Fighters of the Taliban terrorist movement banned in Russia seized the presidential palace in the Afghan capital Kabul and announced full control over the city © www.globallookpress.com
August 24, 2021. Paralympics 2020 opening ceremony in Tokyo. The Russian national team took fourth place in the medal standings of the Paralympic Games. At the Tokyo Games, Russian athletes won 36 gold, 33 silver and 49 bronze medals © www.globallookpress.com
On August 29, 2021, the Russian beach soccer team became the world champion for the third time, confidently defeating the Japanese team in the final – 5: 2 © www.globallookpress.com
September 13, 2021. Designer Demna Gvasalia and Kim Kardashian at the ball of the Costume Institute Met Gala 2021 in New York © www.globallookpress.com
September 20, 2021. Shooting at the university in Perm. 6 people died, 47 injured © www.globallookpress.com
On September 27, 2021, the South Korean TV series Squid Game ranked # 1 on Netflix's charts. This is the first time a Korean project has achieved such a result on a streaming platform. Photo: A Yanghee doll from the Squid Game TV series was installed in the Seoul Olympic Park © www.globallookpress.com
September 28, 2021 the world premiere of the 25th film about agent 007 James Bond “No Time to Die” took place in London. Photo: Actors Lashana Lynch, Daniel Craig and Leah Seydoux © www.globallookpress.com
On October 4, 2021, Father's Day was approved by decree of the President of Russia. In Russia, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday in October. Thus, for the first time in Russia, Father's Day was celebrated on October 17, 2021 © pixabay.com
On October 6, 2021, WHO approved the world's first malaria vaccine © Shutterstock.com
October 11, 2021. The film crew of the film “Challenge” spent 12 days on the ISS. On October 5, cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov, as well as space flight participants – actress Yulia Peresild and director Klim Shipenko – went to the ISS on the Soyuz MS-19 manned transport spacecraft from the Baikonur cosmodrome. The Challenge was the first ever fictional film to be filmed in space. In the photo: Actress Yulia Peresild, director Klim Shipenko and cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov (left to right) © Roscosmos
France has the most time zones. Despite the fact that the area of this country is almost 26 times smaller than that of Russia, it is in this republic that there are 12 time zones. In Russia, there are only 11. & nbsp; In the USA & mdash; also 11 time zones, then comes & nbsp; Australia & mdash; 9, UK & mdash; 8 and Canada & mdash; 6 time zones.
What is a time zone? & Nbsp;
Back in the 19th century & nbsp; The International Astronomical Congress introduced such a concept as a zone hour. & Nbsp; Scientists conditionally divided the surface of our planet into 24 time zones & mdash; by the number of revolutions that the Earth makes around its axis. The time in each zone & nbsp; differs from the neighboring one by only an hour. & Nbsp;
Starting point from & nbsp; XX & nbsp; century & mdash; the zero reference meridian (it is located about 102 km from the Greenwich meridian, which has been used in calculations since 1884). When moving from it to the east, the time increases (up to UTC +14). When driving west & mdash; decreases (to UTC -12). & nbsp; For example, if in London, which is located on the prime meridian & mdash; 17.00 (UTC 0), to the west, in Cape Verde, & nbsp; will be 16.00 (UTC -1), east of London, in Paris & mdash; 18.00 (UTC + 1), and in Moscow the clock will show & nbsp; 20.00 (UTC + 3).
Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) & mdash; it is the world standard by which time is now regulated. The abbreviation UTC has no specific meaning. When it was required to create a universal acronym in 1970, the International Telecommunication Union considered that the English CUT (Coordinated Universal Time) or the French TUC (Temps Universel Coordonne) were not suitable. Therefore, a neutral version of UTS was proposed. & Nbsp;
Note that according to the law & nbsp; “ On the Calculation of Time '', & nbsp; Russia also adopted the national time scale & mdash; MSK, MSK. Moscow time & mdash; this is the time of the time zone in which the capital of the Russian Federation is located. It serves as a reference time when calculating local time in time zones. MSK corresponds to the third time zone UTC +3. 11 & nbsp; time zones, from 1 to 11, correspond by international numbering to time zones from 2 to 12. & Nbsp;
The westernmost point of the Russian Federation & mdash; this is & nbsp; Kaliningrad & nbsp; region. According to Moscow time, it has the first time zone (MSK -1), and according to Coordinated Universal Time, the region is located in the time zone (UTC + 2). The westernmost territories of our country (Kamchatka Territory and Chukotka Autonomous Okrug) are located in the 11 time zone (MSK +9), and according to international standards, in (UTC + 12).
The largest number of Russian regions are located in the second time zone (MSK, UTC + 3). It combines & nbsp; 46 regions and three cities of federal significance (Moscow, St. Petersburg and Sevastopol).
How did it happen that there are 12 time zones in France?
The fact is that the boundaries of time zones run not only strictly along the meridians, but also along the state administrative boundaries, along water resources and even skirting the islands. One time zone can pass through the territory of each country, for example, as in Belarus or Egypt, two & mdash; as in Kazakhstan, in Ukraine, three & nbsp; & mdash; like in Indonesia and so on.
In Paris, as well as throughout the European part of France & mdash; one time zone (UTC + 1). However, do not forget that the French Republic includes several lands (echoes of colonial history), which are scattered across the world map.
According to the portal & nbsp; France.promotour.info, France has five overseas departments: Guadeloupe , Martinique, Guiana, Reunion, Mayotte. Five overseas territories: French Polynesia, Wallis and Futuna Islands, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin. And also three territories with a special status: New Caledonia, Clipperton, French Southern and Antarctic Territories.
These lands, mainly consisting of islands, are located in 12 & nbsp; time zones. The westernmost point of the vast French territory & mdash; French Polynesia, located at (UTC -10). And the most eastern & mdash; these are Wallis and Futuna islands at (UTC +12).
List of 12 time zones in France:
Is it true that the French think they live in 13 & nbsp; time zones?
If you look at the articles on time and time zones in the French Wikipedia, then it is indicated that there are not 12, but 13 time zones on the territory of the republic (La France a le plus de zones avec 13 zones). The 13th time zone (UTC +10), according to the French, is located on the Land of Adelie, included by France in the & nbsp; composition of its Southern and & nbsp; Antarctic territories.
This small coastal stretch of Antarctica was discovered in 1840 by the French expedition Jules Dumont d'Urville and named after his wife. Naturally, France claimed the rights to this site and still considers it its own. In addition, the French scientific station Dumont d & # 39; Hurville has been operating on Adelie Land since 1956.
Nevertheless, the international community does not recognize France's territorial rights to the Land of Adelie. Since in 1961 the indefinite & nbsp; treaty on Antarctica came into force (it was ratified by 13 states, including France, USSR, USA, Japan, Great Britain, etc.), which froze any territorial claims to the southernmost continent of the planet (not only France presented rights to Antarctic lands). Currently, more than 50 states are parties to the treaty. Antarctica has been declared a nuclear-weapon-free zone for scientific research only. & Nbsp;
Sources of information:
Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 52. What to prepare for the New Year's table? 29/12/2021 Plot The Journey of Santa Claus
The whole December in & nbsp; Veliky Ustyug works “ Mail of Father Frost ''. Letters & nbsp; & mdash; millions.
On the eve of the New Year, children write to Santa Claus, not hesitating to express their innermost dreams and desires. But & nbsp; are not written by & nbsp; only they. & Nbsp;
Opinion of Santa Claus, Veliky Ustyug :
For & nbsp; 20 & nbsp; years on & nbsp; mail in & nbsp; Veliky Ustyug received 4 & nbsp; million letters. Children often ask for gadgets (phones, laptops, tablets), hoverboards, longboards, large dolls or construction toys. But & nbsp; there are kids who ask to give them & nbsp; in the middle of winter a basket of berries, as in the & nbsp; tale about Frost, & nbsp; & mdash; I & nbsp; received such a letter from & nbsp; Vasilisa from & nbsp; Stavropol. Or celebrate your birthday in a & nbsp; limousine, as Stas dreamed of from & nbsp; Yekaterinburg.
Picture AiF/A. Dorofeev
Over the past two years, more and more children have been wishing people from & nbsp; all over the world, yes & nbsp; and & nbsp; me, the old man, health & shy; me. This is especially important now. By the way, during & nbsp; this time I & nbsp; received along with & nbsp; letters some interesting gifts: cones jam, ginger to increase immunity and & nbsp; medical masks, some of them were made by hand.
But & nbsp; I am especially touched when children ask for gifts not & nbsp; for themselves, but & nbsp; for parents, brothers and & nbsp; sisters, grandmothers and & nbsp; grandfathers, friends. & Nbsp; I have a box, in which I & nbsp; keep the kindest and & nbsp; touching messages. For example, a letter from Sasha Bykov from & nbsp; Omsk region: he & nbsp; asked to give his little sister a doll, great-grandfather & nbsp; & mdash; new boots, and & nbsp; grandmother & nbsp; & mdash; a basket of apples. And & nbsp; Sasha Prokhorov from & nbsp; St. Petersburg told me about & nbsp; girl Vika with a & nbsp; difficult diagnosis, which he & nbsp; promised: if she & nbsp; learns to walk on her own, I & nbsp; will definitely come to & nbsp; her at & nbsp; guests. I & nbsp; believe that Vika will take her first steps, and & nbsp; we & nbsp; will meet her. There were especially many such good stories of human mutual assistance during the & nbsp; time of my participation in the & nbsp; social project “ The Journey of Santa Claus with & nbsp; NTV ''. I & nbsp; always try to tell about & nbsp; them, because this is the & nbsp; very warm, which will warm and & nbsp; & nbsp; severe frost. To envelop another person with attention and & nbsp; care for & nbsp; forces to everyone, the main thing & nbsp; & mdash; want to do it.
Adults write to me too, it's not true that they stop believing in & nbsp; miracles! The girls are asking to help them & nbsp; meet the man of their & nbsp; dreams, health to children, family happiness. And & nbsp; men want a career, a new car, a raise. Older people talk about & nbsp; their experiences for & nbsp; the fate of their children and & nbsp; grandchildren. It's great when the & nbsp; family has several generations, and & nbsp; they take care of each other, and & nbsp; and & nbsp; on New Year's Eve get together.
New, 2022 & nbsp; year is coming very soon. I & nbsp; wish you good days, happy moments and & nbsp; good health. May everything that you & nbsp; dream of will come true! I hug in kilometers.
Celebration of the New Year in Russia is surrounded by long-standing traditions and stereotypes: & nbsp; Olivier salad, herring under a fur coat, tangerines, Blue Light, Irony of Fate, champagne for battle chimes after the President's speech.
Someone likes this order of things, but there are those who want to try something new. It is not difficult to do this, since in the world of options for celebrating the New Year there is a great variety – perhaps even more than recognized states on the globe. It is clear that not everything can suit the Russians due to the mentality, as well as the peculiarities of the climate. But there are options quite affordable, allowing you to experience new festive sensations.
Method one. Pour water out of the window at New Year's midnight
This option is widely practiced in Cuba. In the simplest version, it looks like this: & nbsp; the glass is filled with plain water, not champagne. When the clock strikes midnight, the contents of the glass should be poured out the window. At the same time, it is not worth breaking the dishes, so as not to knock down again into Russian customs.
The meaning of the procedure, according to the Cubans, is as follows: as clear and clean.
In general, in Cuba, water is poured into the windows not only from glasses, but from cans and buckets, and if this generous stream falls on someone's head, then the drenched one is not offended, but rejoices .
But in Russia, of course, it is worth making an amendment to the conditions & mdash; & nbsp; if someone in Siberia at a temperature of “ minus 30 '' pouring a bucket of water on your head from the 10th floor is unlikely to cause delight.
Method two. Kiss blindly at the festive table
This method of celebration, practiced in Bulgaria, is suitable only for prepared companies. Throwing kisses at people without warning is fraught with great trouble. In Bulgaria, everything happens like this: & nbsp; exactly at New Year's midnight, the lights go out in the houses, and everyone present begins to kiss. And it doesn't matter at all who is with whom & mdash; relatives and strangers, men with women, as well as men with men. After kissing for good luck the mistress of the house is cutting a birthday cake, and here you have to be careful too – ” it is customary among Bulgarians to put “ surprises '' in it. If you come across a sprig of a rose, then this is for love, if a coin, this is for wealth. & Nbsp; In general, if you have friends and acquaintances who are ready for such experiments, then go ahead!
Method three. Find love in the lottery
As in the previous case, you will need a company of men and women who are ready for adventures. It is desirable that it was about people who are not in a relationship. They can be invited to celebrate the New Year in Spanish.
In the country of bullfighting and fiery dances on New Year's, young people and girls write their names on scraps of paper, which they then draw out like lottery tickets. This is how pairs of “ suitors '' are defined. and brides. This kind of 'love at first sight' lasts, according to tradition, until the end of Christmastide. & nbsp; But no one bothers to continue the relationship, begun in such an original way, and further.
But if you are already a family person, then the Spaniards have a New Year's recipe for you & mdash ; & nbsp; in the central square of the city exactly 12 o'clock, when the clock starts striking, you need to eat grapes. Each grape represents one month of the coming year, and if you eat 12 berries while the clock strikes, this guarantees the fulfillment of your most cherished desire.
Method four. Throw old things out of the house
Italians & nbsp; for the most part & nbsp; have sympathy for Russians, and Russians & mdash; & nbsp; for Italians. Therefore, it is quite logical to use the Italian recipe for celebrating the New Year. According to Italian tradition, before the clock strikes midnight, old and unnecessary things should be thrown out of the house so that they remain in the outgoing year with all the hardships and troubles.
What exactly to throw away depends only on the imagination of the celebrant. In Italy, it is not recommended to walk under the windows of houses on New Year's Eve, because something very weighty can easily fly out from there, right down to the grandmother's sofa.
It is clear that in Russia such “ surprises '' Not everyone is ready, so you should act carefully.
Well, if you are not ready to throw something through the windows, just give your loved one red underwear & mdash; & nbsp; among Italians, red is considered a symbol of renewal.
The fifth method. Smash the grenade against the wall of the house
If at New Year's midnight you go out into the courtyard and launch a grenade at the wall of the house, it is unlikely that someone will blame you for this – they will think that the person was celebrating at an accelerated pace. But you will celebrate the New Year like a real Greek. According to Greek tradition, on New Year's Eve midnight, the owner of the house must break a pomegranate fruit against the wall. If the seeds are scattered throughout the yard, a happy life awaits the family in the coming year.
It is unlikely that anyone will want to receive a New Year's gift in the form of a mossy stone in Russia, and such a present can easily lead to a quarrel. But the Greeks, who are presented with stones, rejoice – they know that this is a desire for increased prosperity. It is believed that the heavier the stone, the more money will be next year from those to whom it was presented.
Sixth method. Give a friend a piece of coal
If you come to a friend's house and hand him a piece of coal, then & nbsp; at least & nbsp; there will be questions. And here it is worth immediately explaining to him that you are simply congratulating you on the New Year, like a true Scotsman. Scots on New Year's Eve visit each other with a piece of cake, a glass of wine and a piece of coal. It is not a matter of the Scots' tight-fistedness, although there are jokes about the thriftiness of this nation. Coming with such gifts, you wish the owners prosperity & mdash; a lot of food, drink and warmth. But, having shown such originality, it is still better to have with you a gift, which is more familiar in our area. Just in case.
Method seven. Prepare rice porridge instead of Olivier
If, instead of a traditional salad, your guests see rice porridge on the festive table, there will be many assumptions. You may be suspected of being a vegetarian, an adherent of a healthy lifestyle, or a supporter of returning to the customs of Ancient Russia.
You just explain with a smile that you are celebrating the New Year in Finnish. It is rice porridge & mdash; traditional New Year's food of the inhabitants of this country. Plum jelly is served with porridge.
If someone remains dissatisfied, you can pour him a rod, explaining that this is how the good New Year's wizard Joulupukki greets the disobedient on New Year's Eve.
Method eight. Throw old receipts on the road
If on New Year's Eve you throw out a bunch of old bills for various goods and services on the street, you may be considered a bully who does not respect the work of street cleaners. Or think that you are in serious trouble at work and do it out of desperation. But this is just a way to celebrate the holiday like a real Argentinian. In Argentina itself, they do not really remember when and how this tradition was born, but they sacredly observe it. Before the holiday, old calendars, receipts, letterheads and other unnecessary documents fly out of the windows onto the street. And all this is happening so intensely that the streets are literally covered with layers of paper. The subsequent cleaning & mdash; & nbsp; lesson is no less fun.
Method nine. Release live carp into a river or any other body of water
Here, of course, you have to try. First, find a carp, and then also find a reservoir on New Year's Eve, where poor fish can be released without the risk of killing it immediately in low temperatures. But the game is worth the candle, because, according to Vietnamese beliefs, a deity swims on the back of a carp, capable of providing you with good luck for the next year. And in general, you will definitely not forget the New Year with live carp.
Method ten. Jump into the New Year
This is an unusual option, but & nbsp; by and large does not require additional costs. In Germany, Denmark and a number of other European countries, in the coming year, take jumping in.
A stool, chair, stepladder, and in general any stable object that can be climbed is suitable for this.
You need to climb the dais at the first strike of the clock, and with the last one you should jump into the New Year with a joyful cry, leaving the past behind. There is no need to set records in length and height, the very fact of the “ transition '' is important.
Happy New Year, no matter how you meet it!
The National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine introduced sanctions against six individuals and 24 legal entities who built the Crimean bridge Restrictions are imposed against six individuals and 24 legal entities. Earlier, Ukraine has repeatedly opposed the construction of the Crimean Bridge
The National Security and Defense Council (NSDC) of Ukraine introduced sanctions against individuals and legal entities who participated in the construction of the Crimean bridge.
The NSDC said that the “ list of individuals and legal entities, in respect of which personal special economic and other restrictive measures '' have been applied, has been expanded. The sanctions are imposed on six people and 24 legal entities “ involved in the illegal construction and operation of the railway section of the transport crossing through the Kerch Strait. ''
Restrictions proposed to introduce the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. The list of sanctions is not provided in the NSDC statement. At the briefing, the Secretary of the Security Council Aleksey Danilov specified that it contains not only Russian, but also foreign companies, UNIAN reports. Now the decision should be put into effect by the President of the country, Volodymyr Zelensky.
The sanctions list also includes 18 people “ involved in making unjust court decisions on the alienation of property of the Crimean Diocese of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine '', and 52 individuals holding leading positions in the administration of the Republic of Crimea, as they “ cause significant damage to national interests and security of the Ukrainian people. '' It began to be built in 2016, finished & mdash; in 2019. It consists of two parallel bridges & mdash; road and rail.
Ukraine has repeatedly opposed the construction of the bridge. Sanctions against individuals and legal entities involved in the construction of the bridge were introduced by the European Union, which believes that it is aimed at “ further isolating the peninsula from Ukraine.
Crimea joined Russia following a referendum in 2014. Western countries and Ukraine did not recognize the voting results and announced the temporary occupation of the peninsula. Moscow has repeatedly called the issue of Crimea's ownership closed.
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Vladimir Putin and Joe Biden agreed to continue negotiations after the New Year Russian Presidential Aide Yuri Ushakov described the telephone conversation between the two leaders as serious and meaningful. It was all about security guarantees. Negotiations between the USA and Russia on this topic will be held in Geneva on January 10
The presidents of Russia and the United States, Vladimir Putin and Joe Biden, agreed to continue the dialogue after the New Year, said assistant to the Russian leader Yuri Ushakov following telephone conversations between the heads of state, writes TASS.
As Ushakov noted, the conversation between the presidents turned out to be serious, businesslike and meaningful. It was “ devoted entirely to issues of security guarantees '', the leaders did not touch upon the issues of bilateral relations.
“ Putin said that we attach great importance to negotiations, but they should not turn into chatter. We are not waiting for the contractual process itself, but for concrete results '', & mdash; Ushakov emphasized.
Biden, in his words, “prepared well and made very meaningful remarks.” Putin, in turn, outlined the basic principles of the Russian side. “ Main & mdash; we need a result, and we will achieve a result in the form of ensuring the guaranteed security of Russia. The US President, in principle, agreed with this point of view and reacted quite logically and quite seriously, '' & mdash; noted the presidential aide.
On January 10, talks between Russia and the United States on security guarantees will take place in Geneva. The parties will discuss Moscow's proposals submitted to Washington and NATO on December 15. In particular, Russia demands that the United States rule out further expansion of NATO to the east and the admission of the countries of the former USSR into the alliance. Also, the United States should not create military bases on their territory.
Washington, in response, promised to prepare its own list of concerns.
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Joe Biden told Vladimir Putin that the US would decisively respond to the invasion of Ukraine The US President stressed the need to de-escalate the situation on the Russian-Ukrainian border for the success of Washington-Moscow negotiations on security guarantees. They will be held on January 10 in Geneva
US President Joe Biden, in a conversation with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin, made it clear that Washington would take decisive measures in the event of Russia's invasion of Ukraine. This is stated in a statement by White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki.
Biden stressed that “significant progress in the [security] negotiations can only be achieved by de-escalating the situation.” The American leader supported the holding of bilateral consultations on strategic stability.
Aide to the President of Russia Yuri Ushakov said that Putin told his American colleague that the “ unprecedented sanctions '' that the West threatens to impose in the event of an attack on Ukraine could lead to a complete rupture of relations between the United States and Russia.
As noted. Reuters, citing a US administration official, said the main task of the two leaders' telephone conversation was to set the 'tone and direction'; the upcoming security talks in January.
The official said that the presidents saw an opportunity for progress in the upcoming talks, but also found aspects on which an agreement might not be reached.
Ushakov described the telephone conversation between Putin and Biden as serious, business-like and meaningful. The talks were entirely devoted to security guarantees, the issue of bilateral relations was not touched upon.
Vladimir Putin stressed that the Russian side will “ achieve results in the form of ensuring guaranteed security for Russia. '' Biden, according to Ushakov, “ in principle agreed with this point of view and reacted quite logically and quite seriously. ''
On December 15, the Russian Foreign Ministry published a draft agreement on security guarantees. In particular, Moscow proposed not to admit the countries of the former USSR, including Ukraine, to NATO, and to abandon military activities on the territory of these states.
Washington promised to prepare a reciprocal list of proposals.
23 Psaki said in December that the United States is not ready to agree with Russia's proposals for security guarantees related to NATO. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the alliance will not compromise on Ukraine's entry into it.
Talks between Russia and the United States on security guarantees will be held on January 10 in Geneva, the Russian Foreign Ministry confirmed. Stoltenberg also proposed to hold a meeting of the Russia & mdash; NATO on January 12.
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Putin told Biden about the possibility of severing relations between Russia and the United States in the event of new sanctions The President of Russia in a telephone conversation with his American counterpart said that the “unprecedented sanctions” with which the West threatens Moscow could lead to a “complete rupture” of relations between the two countries
Russian President Vladimir Putin told his American colleague Joe Biden in a telephone conversation that the West's imposition of “ unprecedented sanctions '' because of Ukraine can lead to a complete rupture of relations between the countries. This was stated by his assistant Yuri Ushakov, reports TASS.
He noted that Biden warned of large-scale sanctions “ in the event of continued escalation along the Ukrainian border. '' “ But our president immediately reacted to this by saying that if the West nevertheless decides to introduce these unprecedented sanctions under certain conditions, then all this could lead to a complete rupture of relations between our countries, '' & mdash; Ushakov noted. According to him, Putin stressed that in this case, Russia's relations with the West would be “ seriously damaged. ''
White House spokesman Jen Psaki said after a conversation between the heads of state that Biden had warned Putin about decisive measures in the event of a Russian attack on Ukraine. The American leader stressed that “ significant progress in the [security] negotiations can only be achieved if the situation is de-escalated. ''
In October and November, some Western media began to publish data on the impending 'invasion' Russia to Ukraine. Moscow has repeatedly denied this information. Putin said during a videoconference with Biden on December 7 that “ NATO is making dangerous attempts to conquer Ukrainian territory. '' and is building up its military capabilities at the Russian borders. He indicated that Russia is interested in legal guarantees that the alliance will not expand to the east.
During a telephone conversation on December 30, the presidents discussed security guarantees. Putin stressed that Moscow will “ achieve results in the form of guaranteed security for Russia. '' Biden, according to Ushakov, “in principle agreed with this point of view.”
In mid-December, the Russian side sent the United States and NATO a draft treaty on security guarantees and an agreement on measures to ensure the security of Russia and the countries of the North Atlantic Alliance. In particular, Moscow proposed to refuse the inclusion of the countries of the former USSR in the bloc and the deployment of NATO military bases on their territory. Secretary General of the alliance Jens Stoltenberg expressed readiness to conduct a dialogue with Moscow, but said that NATO would not compromise on Ukraine's right to apply for membership.
State Department spokesman Ned Price said that the United States would prepare a response to Russia's proposals on security guarantees in Europe.
On December 28, the White House announced the dates of negotiations with Russia on security guarantees: on January 10, negotiations between Moscow and Washington will take place, on January 12 & mdash; meeting of the Council Russia & mdash; NATO, and January 13 & mdash; meeting of representatives of Russia and the OSCE. The Foreign Ministry confirmed that consultations with the United States will take place on January 10.
Putin previously stated that Russia's military-technical response to the refusal of the United States and NATO to consider its security proposals could be “ very different. ''
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US President Joe Biden held a 50-minute telephone conversation with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin. The American leader pointed to the dichotomy of further relations between the countries.
Biden voiced the version of both a possible de-escalation of tension through diplomacy and sanctions against the Russian Federation. A high-ranking representative of the Washington administration told reporters about this.
The first approach, according to Biden, is the path of diplomacy leading to de-escalation of the situation. The second path is more focused on deterrence and economic measures, especially if Russia will send troops to Ukraine.
Russian diplomat, presidential aide Yuri Ushakov clarified that the American leader did not say which actions of the Russian Federation could lead to sanctions.
Biden mentioned only the so-called “large-scale sanctions, which many are already talking about in the West.” Then Putin noted that it would be a major mistake, which could lead to a complete rupture of relations.
Ushakova stressed that the essence of the last conversation was different, in order to continue the exchange of views on those issues that Russia “seriously worries “.
The journalists clarified what they mean when they talk about the possible” severing of ties with the West. ” Ushakov replied that so far this does not imply anything, so it is not known what “large-scale sanctions” are.