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US Ambassador calls the waiver of the Spaso House lease a last resort

Due to a lack of staff, US Ambassador to Russia John Sullivan did not consider the possibility of abandoning the lease of the residence, the famous Spaso House. Refusing to rent is absolutely an extreme measure, he said

Residence of the US Ambassador Spaso House (Vtorov's mansion in Spasopeskovsky Pereulok)

Due to mutual reductions, about 120-130 are currently working at the US Embassy in Russia diplomats, US Ambassador John Sullivan said in an interview with RBC. Due to a lack of personnel, the embassy stopped providing visa services to Russians, and the number of events was reduced. However, the possibility of canceling the lease of the ambassador's residence, which requires care, is not being considered, the ambassador assured.

“ It was only as an absolute last resort that I had agreed to consider abandoning the lease on this building, which has such a history, '' & mdash; said Ambassador Sullivan. According to him, the mansion located in the Old Arbat area & mdash; it is a historical place for both Russians and Americans. “ We rented it in 1933, our first ambassador, Ambassador Bullitt, moved here in early 1934, 88 years ago, '' & mdash; recalled the ambassador. The mansion has witnessed the development of the history of Russian-American, Soviet-American relations: Presidents Ronald Reagan and Richard Nixon, Presidents George W. Bush and George W. Bush, Bill Clinton & mdash; they all visited the residence during their visits.

The Kommersant newspaper reported that the diplomatic mission was considering the option of refusing to lease the mansion. The Washington Post reported on December 3 that the embassy was so understaffed that many staff were forced to take on additional work.

The US Embassy, ​​however, intends to restore the number of its employees, which is now significantly inferior to the Russian presence in the United States. In early November, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov called on the United States to send additional diplomats to Moscow. However, Ambassador Sullivan told RBC that so far this call has not been implemented, since candidates for work in Russia are not given Russian visas.

“ The problem is that we cannot obtain visas for American diplomats so that they came to Russia. And it was described as a visa impasse. This is unfortunate, it is not a way to build productive diplomatic relations, and it is not as easy as saying send more diplomats & mdash; said Sullivan. According to him, a meeting was recently held between Russian and American representatives on this issue, and another one is to be held in the near future, at which this issue will also be discussed.

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Источник rbc.ru

Experts assessed the risk of an armed conflict in Ukraine

Experts interviewed by RBC assessed the possibility of military escalation due to the situation around Ukraine, noting the high risk of unforeseen incidents. In their opinion, the West is not ready to provide Russia with the security guarantees required by Putin

What they say in Moscow, Washington and Brussels

Over the past month, the United States has repeatedly spoken about Russia's pulling up troops to the border with Ukraine, while Moscow has rejected these statements. Following the meeting of NATO foreign ministers on December 2, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken called on Russia to withdraw its troops from the border with Ukraine. Also, according to him, in the event of Russian aggression, Washington will impose such sanctions against Moscow, which it has not yet applied before. “ We don't know if President Putin made the decision to invade. We know that he creates the potential to do so in a short time if he decides to, & raquo ;, & mdash; added the secretary of state. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that Russia would give an answer if new “ hellish '' attacks were introduced against it. economic sanctions. “ This is a dead-end road, and ultimately it will turn against the very initiators of these illegitimate unilateral measures, '' & mdash; warned the minister.

Against the background of the aggravation, President Vladimir Putin announced that in negotiations with the United States and its allies, Russia would insist on “ working out specific agreements that would exclude any further NATO moves to the east and the deployment of weapons systems that threaten us in close proximity to Russian territory. '' His idea was developed by Lavrov during the press conference “ in the margins '' OSCE Ministerial Meeting in Stockholm: “ We want the agreements that the President mentioned, and which we will seek, must have a legal, legally binding character. '' According to him, they will be formulated in the near future. “ If NATO continues to withdraw from the conversation on this topic or on the topic of agreements, ideas put forward by Russian President Vladimir Putin, of course, we will take measures so that our security, our sovereignty and territorial integrity do not depend on anyone. '' , & mdash; he stated. Although NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has already said that the decision on Ukraine's entry into the alliance will be made by its 30 member countries, and Russia's opinion on this issue will not be taken into account. “ Russia has no veto right, its opinion is not taken into account. It has no right to restore the principle of spheres of influence and through this influence neighboring countries, '', & mdash; Stoltenberg said.

Internal and external reasons for the escalation of the situation

The rise in tensions between the US and Russia over the past few months largely reflects the internal US reaction to the June Biden-Putin summit in Geneva, said Alan Kafruni, professor of international relations at Hamilton College. According to him, then Biden clearly outlined the desire for stability and predictability, since he gives priority to the rivalry between the United States and China. As a result, it provoked a serious internal struggle in the US foreign policy establishment. “The most aggressive elements are exerting tremendous pressure on the Biden administration to prevent any significant convergence, in fact repeating in some respects the experience of Donald Trump, who sought to reduce tensions with Russia,” “mdash. the expert explained in a conversation with RBC. According to him, an increase in the supply of lethal weapons to Ukraine, naval maneuvers in the Black Sea and an increase in flights closer to the border with Russia are the result of such pressure. “ Last month, Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin offered the United States to approve Ukraine's NATO membership. Ukraine's membership in NATO & mdash; de jure or de facto & mdash; this is, of course, the 'red line' For Russia. Washington's increasingly tough line and Ukraine's own military maneuvers and rhetoric have provoked a new round of Russian military mobilization along the Ukrainian border, along with increasingly decisive statements from Vladimir Putin. Of course, all of this further inspired Biden's belligerent critics at home, '', & mdash; Kafruni emphasized.

According to Dmitry Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, Moscow is moving from exhortations to concrete warnings. According to him, starting in the spring of 2021, Russia has resorted to military demonstrations in order to contain the Ukrainians and their Western allies. These demonstrations are considered by the objects of these signals to be valid (“ preparation for the invasion ''). “ These actions are being carried out right now, because the dynamics in and around Ukraine, as well as the real blocking of the Minsk agreements and the emasculation of the Normandy format, present the Russian leadership with a choice. Either passively observe the constantly deteriorating strategic situation in a very important area, or stop these processes with tough retaliatory steps, not excluding military measures. If a collision is inevitable, then it is better to meet the enemy in the early approaches, seizing the initiative and using the enemy's vulnerabilities '', & mdash; Trenin noted in a conversation with RBC. Kennan Institute expert Igor Zevelev believes that the Kremlin has realized the impossibility of further maintaining the status quo in Ukraine. “ Not a single issue related to the conflict in eastern Ukraine has been resolved and there is no progress. It is quite obvious that the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky and the people around him do not seek to resolve the issue on the basis of the Minsk agreements, and Russia does not currently see any other alternative, '' & mdash; he told RBC. Zevelev added that the Ukrainian problem in itself would have been insignificant if it had not been included in the system of relations between Russia and the Western countries.

There would be an armed conflict

The risk of military escalation is now “ very significant '', says Alexei Arbatov, head of the Center for International Security of the IMEMO RAN, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The main reason for the current exacerbation of & mdash; the fact that “ in Moscow, apparently, they came to the conclusion that it is impossible to keep Ukraine through the Crimea and Donbass, '' the expert says. Russia has long been talking about the unacceptability of Ukraine's entry into NATO. “ Kiev is receiving more and more military and financial assistance, and now the number [of claims against Kiev and its allies] has turned into quality, '' & mdash; the expert noted in a conversation with RBC.

Zevelev described the current situation as “ quite acute. '' “ I do not think that Russia has plans to invade Ukraine, or that the Ukrainian government will take any drastic steps, but the possibility of incidents, especially in the Black Sea region, is extremely dangerous given the concentration of military power on all sides, the lack of adequate communication lines , trust in each other and understanding not only potential, but also mutual intentions '', & mdash; explained Zevelev.

Neither Russia nor the United States wants a military conflict, Kafruni agrees with him. “ Despite widespread predictions of a Russian invasion in the US media, Russia definitely does not want all the attendant problems this could entail. However, in the context of growing provocations and rhetorical escalation, there is a possibility of misperception and mistakes. This is especially true in the context of instability in Kiev & raquo;, & mdash; he explained. Thus, the situation is very similar to the situation in Georgia in 2008, when then-President Mikheil Saakashvili mistakenly believed that he could count on US military support, the expert summed up.

Director of the Center for Political-Military Analysis at the Hudson Institute, an expert at the Valdai Club Nor does Richard Weitz think that the current tensions between Russia and the West over Ukraine could lead to war. Rather, it is & mdash; a repetition of Moscow's strategy to periodically increase and decrease tensions around Ukraine, the expert explained. This strategy has several goals, including forcing Kiev to make concessions to Russia, encouraging differences within Ukrainians over the Russian issue, exploiting any differences between Ukraine and its Western partners, and getting concessions from Washington, such as the summit between Presidents Biden and Putin.

“ The main character of the Play by Eugene Schwartz 'Dragon' said that “ the war begins suddenly. '' Since they have been talking about war, without ceasing, for a month and a half, at all levels, purely in an applied sense, this is not the case, '', & mdash; noted the editor-in-chief of the magazine “ Russia in Global Affairs '' Fedor Lukyanov. In his opinion, although the risk of military clashes is increased, so far what is happening can be described as “ rhetorical artillery preparation and a demonstration of confidence '' in order to move opponents to some kind of agreement, Lukyanov says. What Moscow wants to get has already been said by both Putin and Lavrov. “ That we will seek new security guarantees. That it is necessary to revise the entire system of relations in the field of European security that emerged after the Cold War, that NATO should not expand indefinitely, '' & mdash; added the expert. According to him, it is this topic that will be devoted to the upcoming online summit of Putin and Biden. “ At the last meeting between Lavrov and Blinken, the American side has already made an interesting statement. Yes, the rhetoric was harsh, threats of sanctions, but we heard for the first time that the Minsk agreements must be fulfilled, '' & mdash; he said.

Will Putin receive guarantees that NATO will not expand eastward

The US and NATO cannot guarantee Russia will not expand the military alliance to the east, Arbatov said. It is even difficult to imagine how this can be legally formalized, given how the bloc is structured and that there are 30 states in it, including the Baltic states and Poland, he adds. However, the expert continues, one can imagine less formal agreements. “ That the parties will not exacerbate tensions, that military assistance will be limited, the exercises will be limited both from the Russian side and from the other side, '' & mdash; he gives an example.

In the long term, Arbatov believes, the conflict could be resolved peacefully on the basis of the Minsk agreements. Donbass is returning as part of Ukraine. Ukraine retains its sovereignty and territorial integrity, and Russia and NATO become its guarantors. Ukraine also maintains a neutral status & raquo;, & mdash; he describes a possible scenario.

Zevelev recalled that the Ukrainian conflict & mdash; it is an integral part of relations between Russia and the United States, NATO, and European countries. “ Without Russia's finding a worthy place in the European security system, the Ukrainian conflict essentially cannot be resolved. This is not a Russian-Ukrainian conflict, it is much broader, and, not seeing the prospects for its solution, the fundamental question of guarantees has been raised right now, although their implementation in their current form seems unrealistic to me, because I do not see the intention of Western countries to meet Russia halfway and respond to her proposal without losing face '', & mdash; he said. For his part, Weitz added that the crisis is unlikely to be resolved through guarantees from the West, since Western leaders will not give them.

“ Putin's proposal for NATO to provide legal guarantees against Ukraine's accession would be unacceptable for NATO and Putin certainly understands this. At the same time, his demand can become a starting point for negotiations. After all, as in the case of Georgia in 2008, the United States will not resort to military intervention on the side of Ukraine. I hope the Ukrainian government and the armed forces understand this; '', & mdash; concluded by Kafruni.

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Источник rbc.ru

Naftogaz reacted to Germany’s decision on Nord Stream 2

Photo: Still from video

Euractiv reports that the head of the Ukrainian company Naftogaz, Yuriy Vitrenko, described the decision of Germany as a” mockery ” allow the operator Nord Stream 2 to form a subsidiary.

Vitrenko believes that Nord Stream 2 does not comply with EU rules, and therefore cannot be certified. He also condemned the idea of ​​licensing only part of the gas pipeline.

The head of Naftogaz added that Nord Stream 2 should be filled with alternative gas suppliers throughout.

Источник www.mk.ru

Volodin asked Russians to name who destroyed the USSR

Photo: kremlin.ru

State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin in his telegram channel launched a poll on the reasons for the collapse of the USSR. He invited the channel subscribers and other interested users of the messenger to choose one of the proposed answer options. At the same time, the proposed answers & ndash; from different categories and are not mutually exclusive.

According to Volodin, the reasons for the destruction of the Union could be: “weak leadership”, “betrayal of the party elites”, “empty shelves in stores”, “lack of competition in politics” monopoly on power of one party, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union “,” foreign intervention. “

” The USSR collapsed 30 years ago, ” Volodin writes. & ndash; This is a tragedy for all of us: everything that was defended, built and created during the previous time, collapsed … ''

As follows from the first results of the vote, Volodin's subscribers are inclined to blame the renegades for the collapse of the country, but by no means the actions of the authorities. For example, an hour after the poll was launched, the most popular answer (54%) was “betrayal of the elites.” The second most popular (23%) & ndash; & quot; foreign interference. & quot; The readers of Volodin's channel did not notice the economic reasons in the events of 30 years ago, only 2% of the survey participants considered “ empty shelves '' a sufficient argument for the people's desire for change.

Comments under the post are multiplying, opinions differ greatly. At the same time, many commentators write that they consider all of the above factors acting simultaneously to be the cause of the country's collapse. Some are of the opinion that modern Russia faces the same scenario due to the introduction of QR codes: supporters of this version call this pandemic measure “ segregation. '' about the upcoming system of QR codes. He promised that all opinions will be examined and decisions will be made in accordance with them. In those comments, the vast majority of entries were from opponents of the introduction of QR codes.

Источник www.mk.ru

Medvedev is re-elected chairman of United Russia

Photo: Still from video

Congress of United Russia elected Medvedev to the post of party chairman, follows from the broadcast of the event. Boris Gryzlov was re-elected chairman of the party's supreme council.

Medvedev was unanimously supported. Abstaining and voting against did not reveal. & nbsp; “Thank you very much, dear friends, thank you for your trust,” the politician thanked.

Medvedev also said that the Supreme Council of the party will consist of 100 people. There will also be an opportunity for additional election for those who show the best results in party work.

Recall that Medvedev was elected chairman of the United Russia party. May 26, 2012 at the XIII Party Congress.

Источник www.mk.ru

Bloomberg: Lavrov and Blinken argued over Ukraine

Diplomats disagreed on the events of 2014

A tense dispute erupted at a meeting between Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken in Stockholm. The parties vigorously discussed the events in Kiev seven years ago, as well as the current situation around Ukraine. Bloomberg reports this with reference to an unnamed eyewitness to the discussion.

Photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

The United States and its allies in During the negotiations, they began to “look for ways” to respond to the hypothetical invasion of Russian troops into Ukraine. They also talked about possible new sanctions. After that, the exchange of views became more acute. Lavrov reminded Blinken that a coup d'etat took place in Kiev in 2014. The American diplomat objected to his colleague and said that some forces allegedly loyal to Viktor Yanukovych opened fire on peaceful protesters and killed more than a hundred people.

Lavrov disagreed and accused NATO and the European Union of suppressing dissent. In addition, he expressed dissatisfaction with the Alliance threatening Russia. The parties did not agree.

In recent weeks, the Western press has been actively discussing the issue of allegedly preparing Russia for an invasion of Ukraine. Moreover, in Kiev, at first, they did not notice the “threat” that comes from the neighbor. And then, under the influence of European politicians, they also started talking about the prospects of an attack.

Moscow denies the accusations. Moreover, Russian diplomats have repeatedly pointed out that rhetoric is being used to pull NATO troops to the Russian borders. Dmitry Peskov, spokesman for Vladimir Putin, said that the country is not obliged to report to other states on the movement of its troops across its territory.

Источник www.mk.ru

Possible US “nuclear” sanctions against Russia over Ukraine named

Cutting off the Russian economy from SWIFT will hit Western countries as well

In the coming days, negotiations are scheduled between the leaders of Russia and the United States. A telephone conversation is expected on Tuesday between Presidents Vladimir Putin and Joe Biden against the backdrop of renewed tensions between the United States and Russia over the events around Ukraine. Meanwhile, American politicians are talking about new “nuclear sanctions” against Moscow.

Photo: pixabay.com

White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki said a number of issues will be discussed during the telephone talks between the heads of the two powers, and “President Biden will highlight US concerns about Russian military activities on the border with Ukraine and reaffirm US support for Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity.”

Earlier, Biden made a number of harsh statements, saying, in particular, that he did not accept “no one's red lines” and that he was preparing some comprehensive initiatives that would make it difficult for Russia to “invade” Ukraine. According to media reports, in this way the head of the White House commented on the statements made at the Russia Calling forum by Russian President Vladimir Putin, who considers the “red lines” for Moscow not only to bring NATO infrastructure closer to Russia's borders, but also to deploy strike complexes on Ukrainian territory. p>

Exactly what measures the US president had in mind when he said that he was preparing “the most ambitious and significant set of initiatives that will make it very difficult for Putin to do what people fear he is going to do,” Biden did not elaborate. …

The Associated Press, meanwhile, says the Joe Biden administration has “many options” to deliver on its promise of a financial blow to Russia in the event of an “invasion” of Ukraine, from sanctions against the Russian president's associates to disconnecting Russia from the financial system, which sends money worldwide.

As noted by AP, the United States and its European allies have not made any public mention of any plans to retaliate in the event of an armed conflict between Russia and Ukraine. However, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken this week promised Moscow financial problems – “economic measures that we have refrained from in the past.”

Over the past decade, the United States has already imposed a number of sanctions against Russian legal entities and individuals, many of which are related to the annexation of Crimea to Russia in 2014 and the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine. The American sanctions, reminds the Associated Press, were also associated with accusations of Russia of “interference” in the US elections, “malicious cyber activity and human rights violations.”

The sanctions imposed on Russians include an asset freeze, bans on doing business with American companies, and a denial of entry into the United States. But in an effort to punish Russia, the West has over the years considered the possibility of even more serious financial sanctions, emphasizes AP. This includes the so-called “nuclear option”: blocking Russia from the Belgium-based SWIFT financial payment system, which moves money between thousands of banks around the world.

When the US successfully pressured SWIFT to shut off Iranian banks over Tehran's nuclear program, Iran lost nearly half of its oil export revenues and a third of its foreign trade, experts say, arguing that Russia's impact on the Russian economy would be “just as devastating “, Since the Russian Federation depends on SWIFT to ensure the flow of petrodollars.

However, as the Associated Press admits, since 2014 Russia has been working to protect its domestic financial systems from such a shutdown, and shutting down SWIFT will cause indirect damage to Western economies .

Former US ambassador to Ukraine and career diplomat John Herbst said on Friday that, in his opinion, “although we shouldn't forget about SWIFT, it will be a last resort.”

Earlier this year, the Biden administration further limited Russia's ability to borrow money by barring US financial institutions from buying Russian government bonds directly from government agencies. But the sanctions are not aimed at the secondary market, and this remains a possible next step, the Associated Press points out.

Other possible instruments of restrictive measures, as John Herbst noted, could be financial sanctions against people close to the President of the Russian Federation, and their families, and new restrictions against Russian banks and Russia's vital energy sector.

Источник www.mk.ru

Ex-participant of “House-2” about the service in Donbass: “The Nazis mocked for fun”

How a participant in a reality show came to the fore

In Russia, December 5 is celebrated as the Day of the Volunteer or Volunteer. What drives volunteers? A question to which, perhaps, there is no unambiguous answer. For someone, “saving” is a state of mind, for someone helping others is the ideology of life. They are not always understood, some even condemn them and look for a catch in every act. Others admire and cite as examples. But, one way or another, these people are among us. The MK correspondent talked with the former participant of the show “Dom-2” Natalya Khim, call sign “Wolf Mother”, who came to Donbass as a volunteer in 2014 and spent three years in the militia.

Photo: From the personal archive

I got into a dispute at” Dom-2 “”

This slender blonde could be more of a model or an actress – without too much flattery, I will say that her looks allow it. But for herself, she chose a different path. Looking ahead, I will note that during our conversation the question “How could this girl even end up in the war?” with a sense of pride that, despite all the political, economic and social difficulties, there are people who are ready to help those who need this help.

– It was a long time ago, in 2007. In general, I went there on a bet. Before the war, I sang a little and acted in films. My friends and I celebrated on February 23rd, and then I heard a phone call on my mobile phone with an invitation to come to the project. Friends heard, and began: “Yes, you are weak, you will not go …” Well, I went on principle. It so happened that other participants voted for me, and I stayed. Only a few days later my family found out where I was. In the same place, as soon as you sign the contract, your phone is immediately taken away. But I didn’t want to stay there for a long time, so I didn’t build relationships with anyone, but only constantly conflicted. I still had the image of a kid at that time: shaved bald, grinders … The producer, of course, did not like my position, and because of this we also had scandals. Four months later, the degree of heat rose nowhere higher, and I decided that I had enough. The project was finished. If we talk about volunteering, then even before Donbass I joined the Liza Alert search unit, and I remain there to this day. I try to help animals whenever possible.

– Let's start with the fact that before Donbass I already knew what war was. At the end of the second Chechen campaign, I came to Grozny with humanitarian aid. Therefore, I had a clear idea that there was no resort there. Without any further illusions.

My youth was spent in the so-called informal environment: skinheads, football fans … At that time, we were very close friends with the Shakhtar fan club.

“ Shakhtar ”is a Ukrainian professional football club from Donetsk, playing in the Ukrainian Premier League. Winner of the UEFA Cup, thirteen-time champion of Ukraine, thirteen-time winner of the Ukrainian Cup, nine-time winner of the Ukrainian Super Cup, four-time winner of the USSR Cup.

Even before the tragedy in Odessa on May 2, 2014, the guys from the “support” (fans supporting the team. – Auth. ) began to agitate me to come and side with Ukraine. At first I didn't quite understand exactly where they were calling me. Some vague phrases sounded: “Come on, and we'll move over there.”

Shirokino Photo: From personal archive

I will not hide the fact that initially the idea of ​​the Maidan itself was close to me, like many others. But no one expected what it would turn out to be. People were “divorced”, put pressure on painful, lively topics, of which everyone was very tired: rampant corruption, without money you can’t do anything, but there’s no money … And then Odessa happened, when people were burned alive. It just didn't fit in my head. In our crowd, opinions were divided, and then it became clear who, where and on whose side.

And so I come to Donetsk, but it turns out that my “barkers” are already in Kiev. I remember we phoned, I said: “I mean, are you in Kiev? You are Donetsk residents. What have you forgotten there? ” And they answered me: “Live. Come to us too. Let's go to Azov to serve together. ”

I couldn’t believe my ears. “What” Azov “?! – I shout into the phone. “Are you going to kill your own people, fire your own houses?”

But after talking for some more time, I realized that we were not on our way further. They were brainwashed there. There were people – they became zombies, they didn't hear anyone or anything.

I, of course, then was very offended. I abandoned everything in Moscow, came, consider, to nowhere, and how to continue to be – it is not clear. “Mine” – everyone in Ukraine, more precisely, those whom I considered “mine”. By the way, they also wrote to me later: like, let's meet on the battlefield, they sent all sorts of threats … For you to understand, I was only 25 years old at that time.

Fortunately, in addition to those “comrades” I had other acquaintances in Donetsk. In general, before the war, I loved this city very much and often came there. For myself, I clearly decided that I would stay here in the militia. I simply could not return and live peacefully in Moscow, knowing that people are being killed here, children. A grandmother comes out with a cross on a tank, and she is being crushed by a tank … It was impossible to remain indifferent. You see, if I hadn't stayed there, I wouldn't have been me.

– Of course, it's scary. For yourself, for those who remained in the Donbass, for those who left for the side of Ukraine … This is a very strange feeling: you knew people, you were even friends with someone. Now, if you meet and the situation forces you to, you will kill him. Simply because otherwise he will kill you.

– I found the end of 2014 in Lugansk. First I went to the LPR, I wanted to get to serve with Alexei Mozgovoy or Alexander Bednov. But, unfortunately, I did not have time to personally meet them, I left for Donetsk. Then they were gone. And I just nailed to the militia boys and stayed.

With Polynkov Photo: From personal archive

– Well, at first, of course, there were all sorts of jokes, not without it. But I did not hear any vulgarity from anyone, and no one pestered. For my luck, the first year no one knew that I was a participant in the Dom-2 project, otherwise I cannot imagine how many jokes I would have heard about myself. Probably, this show was not so popular in Ukraine, and people did not recognize me. Or maybe I've changed so much. I don’t know.

– In 2015 I was invited to a live broadcast, and there someone recognized me and wrote that I was in “House 2”. But at that time already all colleagues took it more or less normally.

The Nazis mocked the prisoners for fun

– A lot of people. With Igor Strelkov, with Givi, with Motorola. We were very friendly with Mamai.

Oleg Mamiev, call sign “Mamai”, is a participant in the war in Donbass, a lieutenant colonel of the armed forces of the DPR, the commander of the international brigade “Pyatnashka”. One of the founders of the Union of Donbass Volunteers. He died on May 17, 2018.

Together with him, we came up with a birthday present for Sasha Zakharchenko: we wanted to give a black wolf cub. But Oleg did not live up to this moment, and we presented the gift together with the guys from Pyatnashka. The cub was named Faithful Alan Mountain Winds.

And Mamai and I also dreamed of transferring the bombarded Dokuchaevsky zoo to Donetsk and building a new, large one there so that the animals could be free-range. Zakharchenko supported us with this idea. But they didn't have time.

– Oh, listen, whatever you have to do. It happened that there was not even a penny of money at all. For some time I worked with Igor Ivanovich Strelkov in a warehouse with humanitarian aid. By the way, he is the only person who took up the huge supply of humanitarian supplies for animals to various home and small shelters. I was offended for the animals, and I just asked him to send at least some food to the “4 Paws” shelter, where we took the wounded animals. And Igor Ivanovich sent several tons and began to do this on an ongoing basis. What was there just for animals! Thanks to this, not only promoted shelters, like Pif, for example, to which money and food were always sent from abroad, were provided with feed, but also ordinary, home animal shelters, private. They needed them the most, but no one cared about them.

It is not only people who suffer from the war. We ourselves from the front line brought seriously wounded animals to the shelters, the girls took care of them. There were no days off: you are on the front line, then in the warehouse.

We used to live in the location, and in the closets of all sorts of incomprehensible, when the financial situation was a little better, in a hotel … We moved constantly. There was no such thing to get on the point – that's all. The longest point where I lived was the Central Hotel.

– Of course not. They did a discount, and that's good. We paid 900 rubles a month for water and electricity.

– Everyone has it differently. Personally, I rented an apartment in Moscow. We have always helped each other. Money will come to me for the apartment – I will buy something for the guys. Then, when I'm not doing very well, they will help. Yes, in fact we had everything in common. There is no other way to survive in war.

– Good. That's really very good. Except when people were sold to Ukrainians and handed us over. For example, we carry water, bread, medicines, the locals see it, and after a while we come under fire. Once a school bus with children almost got under such shelling. Fortunately, we managed to deploy it. In Novolasp (Telmanovsky district. – “MK” ) It was. First, the machine gunners fired at us, then the snipers began to work. Upon arrival, even then they understood who was shooting what. Two hundred meters to the car. I had to crawl over stones, over broken glass. There was a girl with us, the driver's wife – she thought of it: she went in a dress and on heels. I told her at the beginning of the journey: “Why did I dress like that? You're setting us up. How can I get you out afterwards ?! ” It was hard for her to crawl at all. While we were driving between houses, we saw that a bus with children was on its way. The driver seems to be asleep and does not see that they are bombing. I had to block the road with my car. I fly up to the bus, yelling at the driver … In general, they turned the bus around. Fortunately, no one was hurt.

– Many. There were even prisoners who said that they were glad that they came to us. I remember that a seventeen-year-old boy was caught, so he generally said that he came out to us on purpose. He was afraid to openly go over to the side of Donbass, because he understood that inadequate Nazis were serving around him, and if they found out, they would kill him.

– Often. Both ours and Ukrainians. That side of the tin that did with the prisoners. Sometimes they just scoffed for fun. When I remember, I still cringe. It seems that time has already passed, and somehow I myself try to abstract from the memories, but still I can not fully return to a peaceful life. Gone is the habit of listening to every noise. And before any fireworks, firecrackers – you immediately look with your eyes to see where something is flying from.

Donbass volunteer badge Photo: From personal archive

– Enough. I'll tell you that there were women who were bolder than some men.

– The girls are mostly local. Guys – 50 to 50. Girls were really appreciated, protected as best they could.

– Well, how without it? Still, living people. I myself got married in the war. Our wedding was the second most discussed after the wedding of Motorola. The entire Internet was buzzing …

Arsen Pavlov, call sign “Motorola”, is a participant in the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine, the commander of the anti-tank special unit “Sparta” of the DPR. Died October 16, 2016.

We generally thought that there would be some kind of provocation at the wedding – more precisely, we were even warned that this was possible. But the blessing all went quietly. Then, in 2016, I gave birth to a child in Donetsk and left for Moscow with my daughter. And my husband still serves in Donbass.

“There is always propaganda that Russia is an enemy”

– I came to fight because I needed it, and not for the sake of a military man or something else, so I remained in the “unofficial”. Someone checked out.

– It got worse. More violence. Look at them yourself (Ukrainian. – Auth. ) children. They themselves did not come to this – it means that someone put such thoughts and such words into their heads. There is a constant propaganda that Russia is the enemy, and all their troubles are because of the Russians.

– I don't think so. The most important ones remained. Why should they leave, leave their home and run? Do you know how to understand that a person who was born in Donbass is Russian? He didn't run away. I'm not saying that everyone should follow their example. But personally, I am proud of these people. They live for the sake of their country so that their children can then live there, without war, without Maidans …

– I'll tell you straight: everyone already understands that this is the most commercial war. And why Mozgovoy was killed. And why did not Sasha Zakharchenko become. Now, it seems to me, the 2014 scenario is being replayed in Donbass. And it will not be possible to stop without the help of Russia. Many are now dissatisfied with Putin, but personally I believe that it is not he who is to blame, but his entourage. And he needs to clean this environment. War, in my opinion, is a kind of vicious circle that can be broken not by forced reconciliation, but by non-standard ones. Because the standards that are now used to unite countries no longer work. Pay attention to Armenia and Azerbaijan. No matter how much they put up, armed conflicts still continue.

As for Ukraine, it seems to me that as soon as its financial support from the West stops, the war will end.

Wedding Photo: From personal archive

– I left for Moscow in 2016, after the birth of my child, – I had to do the documents and so, some issues to be resolved. It took more time than I originally thought. And when everything was settled, I realized that there was no point in returning to Donbass. 2017 year. What was I already there to do? At first I still came there often, and then less and less.

But it was hard to get out of the habit. And now, it happens, he finds it. You think: “Why is that? Mine are all there, and I am here. ” Only a child holds. If not for my daughter, she would have left long ago. Especially seeing what is happening now.

– I thought about that too. In life, there are often situations when volunteers come to the rescue, and not those who should come on duty or work. But for those who are waiting for help, it is not so important where it came from. The end result is important. And therefore it is necessary to promote goodness and it is necessary to instill in children care for those who are in need. Otherwise, society is doomed.

There was a pause after my question. I have already encountered such a reaction, communicating with volunteer rescuers, with volunteers. When a person helps not for the sake of something, but simply because he cannot do otherwise.

“I don’t even know what to answer,” Natasha was the first to break the silence. – Autopilot, I guess. I don’t know how else it can be. This is already a way of life. And it doesn't matter to whom and where you help: you are taking humanitarian aid to the front line, you brought a bag to your grandmother, or you didn’t leave the dog hit by a car to die on the street. You, most importantly, help.

Источник www.mk.ru

Mishustin showed in Dubai how Mayakovsky and Rihanna are connected

It costs from 12 to 16 thousand rubles to join the “Putin's team” at EXPO-2020

Mikhail Mishustin, during his visit to EXPO-2020 in Dubai, expressed the hope that in nine years, the most prestigious international exhibition will reach Moscow. “Our application is the best. If she wins, everything will be done at the highest level, ”the prime minister promised. The Russian capital has already applied for EXPO-2010, but lost to China. This time, South Korean Busan is considered the main rival. The concept that emphasizes that Russia strives for progress and general harmony, and not for strife and provocations, as ill-wishers claim, should win the hearts of the jury.

Photo: government.ru.

World EXPO exhibitions, which are held every five years, consistently attract the attention of the Russian authorities. Recently, the president and prime minister have been visiting them in turn. And once Russia even claimed the status of a host country, but despite a solid support group, which, in addition to Putin and Gorbachev, included Rostropovich and Plisetskaya, who were still alive at that time, did not win the competition. In 2015, Vladimir Putin's visit to the EXPO in Milan was combined with another round of Normandy Four talks on Donbass. And in 2010, there was an embarrassment in Shanghai: at the Russian pavilion of the then Prime Minister, Medvedev met Dunno, which gave rise to many memes and jokes.

This year, near the entrance to the exposition, there were more harmless figures – two bears and a smiling hare from Smeshariki, but before the arrival of Mikhail Mishustin, they were prudently removed. The Russian pavilion in Dubai is one of the most visited: it attracts with its unusual design (the facade of the building consists of intertwined tubes-threads, symbolizing the endless process of cognition) and original content (inside there is a five-meter installation of the human brain, on which a cognitive show is broadcast). The brain, as Mishustin explained to the UAE Minister of Tolerance Al Nahyan, who accompanied him, did not become the center of the exhibition by chance. “This is the most unexplored, amazing part of the body. The brain makes the most important decisions. I am sure that no computers and technologies will replace the brain, the person himself and the human essence, ”the prime minister said. In addition, good brains are what Russia is justifiably proud of: the exposition reminds us that our compatriots invented a radio, an electric light bulb and television, and were the first to launch a man into space.

In addition to watching several multimedia shows, visitors to the Russian pavilion can learn how the theory of six handshakes through Chukovsky, Solzhenitsyn, Putin, Queen Elizabeth II and her grandson Prince Harry connects Vladimir Mayakovsky and singer Rihanna. Leave your digital footprint on your interactive flooring. And also look into the “Rabbit Hole”, which is not at all about rabbits, but about how snakes, sharks, horses and chameleons see the world around them. As for the matryoshka spoons, this time you can only see them in the gift shop. By the way, Putin team t-shirts are also sold there at quite a “Dubai” price – from 12 to 16 thousand rubles per piece.

The curators of the exposition clearly tried to show a non-standard approach, and this did not go unnoticed by the distinguished guests. “Russian creativity continues to inspire the whole world. Out-of-the-box thinking and ingenuity are inalienable features of our people, ”Mishustin believes. Al Nahyan, who is a member of the country's ruling dynasty, made it clear that he is not hearsay familiar with the many achievements of Russians and with Russian culture. “Such famous people as Tolstoy, a famous writer, Tchaikovsky, a famous musician, Mendeleev, a famous scientist, were born in your country,” he listed and summed up, “Their inventions influenced the whole world.”

Speaking at the opening ceremony of the Day of Russia, Mikhail Mishustin said that the authorities are closely following how the UAE organized the EXPO, since they expect to host this exhibition in 2030. “We will make every effort to get the opportunity to implement the main idea of ​​our application -“ Progress of mankind. A common vision of a harmonious world ”. I am sure that the choice of Moscow will be the best, ”the prime minister said. The mayor of the capital, Sergei Sobyanin, who participated in the presentation of the megalopolis's capabilities, admitted that the competitors are serious. These are South Korea (Busan), Saudi Arabia (Air Riyadh) and Italy (Rome). “Well, let's fight. Even the process itself is important both for the advancement of our country and for ourselves, “the mayor said, noting that regardless of the jury's decision, Moscow will develop in such a way as to remain one of the world leaders. “We, as you know, do not like to waste time,” he assured.

Dubai

Источник www.mk.ru

8 most tenacious creatures on Earth

Nature has created unique organisms, the endurance of which is simply amazing. They are able to survive in the most unusual conditions: to survive extreme temperatures, climate change, huge doses of radiation, as well as prolonged absence of air, water and food.

More & mdash; in the photo tape AiF.ru.

Tardigrades are a type of microscopic invertebrate close to arthropods. Some of the toughest creatures on our planet. They survive for more than a hundred years without water, are able to survive at -271 ° C in liquid helium and at + 100 ° C in boiling water, withstand a 1000 times higher dose of radiation than humans, and even stay in outer space. Tardigrades survive mainly due to the so-called anhydrobiosis, drying. When dry, they draw the limbs into the body, decrease in volume and take the shape of a barrel. The surface is covered with a wax shell that prevents evaporation © Youtube screenshot

Deinococcus radiodurans bacteria. It is widely known for its high resistance to radiation, being one of the most radiation-resistant organisms in the world. D. radiodurans can survive up to 10,000 grays © Commons.wikimedia.org

Lang lungfish. In fact, it is a transitional link from ordinary fish to amphibians. Has at its disposal both gills and lungs. During periods of drought, it is capable of burrowing in mud and hibernating, doing without any nutrients © www.globallookpress.com

Hydra. The secret of the hydra's phenomenal vitality lies in its high regeneration capacity. All cells in her body are constantly renewed, and damaged parts are replaced with new ones. This eliminates the accumulation of destructive substances and genomic defects. To completely restore the body of a hydra, you will need only 1/200 of its part or even a suspension of cells © Commons.wikimedia.org

The tree branch is the largest insect found in New Zealand. The length of the vet is about 10 cm, and the weight reaches 85 g. Due to the fact that the blood of this insect contains a special protein that excludes blood clotting, the tree vet is able to withstand the lowest temperatures. It is noteworthy that during periods of such “hibernation” the brain and heart of these insects is turned off. But, as soon as they “thaw out”, all organs begin to work again © Commons.wikimedia.org

The immortal jellyfish is the only creature on the planet that can live forever. After the Immortal Jellyfish reaches puberty, it returns to its initial polyp stage and begins to mature again. Moreover, this process in a jellyfish can be endless, its life cycle can repeat an unlimited number of times © Commons.wikimedia.org

Cockroach. It has been experimentally confirmed that cockroaches can live without a head for several weeks. The blood circulation process of cockroaches is not controlled by the brain, they breathe through small holes throughout the body, and on previously eaten food supplies they can exist for a long time. In the absence of a brain, the main functions of the cockroach's nervous system are taken over by ganglion cells, which are located in each lobe of the body © Commons.wikimedia.org

Vestimentifer is a recently discovered class of the Pogonophore type. Vestimentifera are characterized by the absence of intestines and mouths, have a specific organ – a trophosome, containing intracellular symbiotic bacteria, to which the circulatory system of the worm delivers hydrogen sulfide from mineral underwater springs. These two-meter worms live on the seabed in impenetrable darkness at a pressure of about 260 atmospheres. They live in the ocean near the faults of geological plates, from where the water heated to +400 ° С, saturated with hydrogen sulfide beats © www.globallookpress.com

Tardigrades are a type of microscopic invertebrate close to arthropods. Some of the toughest creatures on our planet. They survive for more than a hundred years without water, are able to survive at -271 ° C in liquid helium and at + 100 ° C in boiling water, withstand a 1000 times higher dose of radiation than humans, and even stay in outer space. Tardigrades survive mainly due to the so-called anhydrobiosis, drying. When dry, they draw the limbs into the body, decrease in volume and take the shape of a barrel. The surface is covered with a wax shell that prevents evaporation © Youtube screenshot

Deinococcus radiodurans bacteria. It is widely known for its high resistance to radiation, being one of the most radiation-resistant organisms in the world. D. radiodurans can survive up to 10,000 grays © Commons.wikimedia.org

Lang lungfish. In fact, it is a transitional link from ordinary fish to amphibians. Has at its disposal both gills and lungs. During periods of drought, it is capable of burrowing in mud and hibernating, doing without any nutrients © www.globallookpress.com

Hydra. The secret of the hydra's phenomenal vitality lies in its high regeneration capacity. All cells in her body are constantly renewed, and damaged parts are replaced with new ones. This eliminates the accumulation of destructive substances and genomic defects. To completely restore the body of a hydra, you will need only 1/200 of its part or even a suspension of cells © Commons.wikimedia.org

The tree branch is the largest insect found in New Zealand. The length of the vet is about 10 cm, and the weight reaches 85 g. Due to the fact that the blood of this insect contains a special protein that excludes blood clotting, the tree vet is able to withstand the lowest temperatures. It is noteworthy that during periods of such “hibernation” the brain and heart of these insects is turned off. But, as soon as they “thaw out”, all organs begin to work again © Commons.wikimedia.org

The immortal jellyfish is the only creature on the planet that can live forever. After the Immortal Jellyfish reaches puberty, it returns to its initial polyp stage and begins to mature again. Moreover, this process in a jellyfish can be endless, its life cycle can repeat an unlimited number of times © Commons.wikimedia.org

Cockroach. It has been experimentally confirmed that cockroaches can live without a head for several weeks. The blood circulation process of cockroaches is not controlled by the brain, they breathe through small holes throughout the body, and on previously eaten food supplies they can exist for a long time. In the absence of a brain, the main functions of the cockroach's nervous system are taken over by ganglion cells, which are located in each lobe of the body © Commons.wikimedia.org

Vestimentifer is a recently discovered pogonophore class. Vestimentifera are characterized by the absence of intestines and mouths, have a specific organ – a trophosome, containing intracellular symbiotic bacteria, to which the circulatory system of the worm delivers hydrogen sulfide from mineral underwater springs. These two-meter worms live on the seabed in impenetrable darkness at a pressure of about 260 atmospheres. They live in the ocean near the faults of geological plates, from where the water heated to +400 ° С, saturated with hydrogen sulfide, beats © www.globallookpress.com

Источник aif.ru

What is the matter about the illegal hunting of State Duma Deputy Valery Rashkin?

On December 2, the chairman of the RF IC Alexander Bastrykin opened a criminal case against the deputy against the State Duma of the Russian Federation from the Communist Party faction Valery Rashkin . & nbsp; He is charged with a crime under Part & nbsp; 2 Art. & Nbsp; 258 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (illegal hunting). & Nbsp;

Recall that on November 25, on the basis of the collected investigative materials, the State Duma deprived Rashkin of parliamentary immunity. & Nbsp;

What animal did Rashkin kill?

The next established that on the night of 28 October 29, 2021, Rashkin, together with the company, hunted on the territory of the hunting estate “ Winch '' in the Saratov region. & nbsp; With this used permit for the extraction of hunting resources, the deputy did not have. & nbsp;

During the hunt, he killed a wild moose with a personal carbine. “After which Rashkin informs the RF IC,” measures to conceal his weapon, “and his friends butchered the animal's carcass with knives and an ax.” The meat was put in the trunk of the car. ” Lada Largus '', after which they left the hunting ground.

However, the hunters could not go far. & Nbsp; Their car, driven by Rashkin himself, was & nbsp; & nbsp; detained by an employee of the Committee of Hunting and Fishing of the Saratov Region, who discovered the fact of illegal production of a wild animal, the department noted.

How did Rashkin behave during the arrest?

During the arrest, the deputy told the inspector, who was filming what was happening on a video camera, that he had found the carcass of a dead elk in the forest during a walk, butchered it with friends and decided to take the pieces of meat home.

As the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation will later report, in connection with signs of alcoholic intoxication with Rashkin, the hunting inspector summoned the traffic police officers to the place of detention.

“ Having recorded a sharp smell of alcohol and speech impairment emanating from him. & nbsp; Rashkin was offered to undergo a medical examination. & nbsp; However, he refused & raquo ;, – said Gazeta. & nbsp; ru & nbsp; Prosecutor General of Russia Igor Krasnov. & Nbsp;

Later, the parliamentarian confessed that he had really killed an elk, but because of his poor appearance he first mistook him for a large wild boar. & Nbsp; Rashkin, that during the & nbsp; & nbsp; hunting & nbsp; & nbsp; was sober and thought that all the accompanying & nbsp; & nbsp; documents for shooting animals were with his friends. & nbsp; They allegedly assured the deputy that they had a hunting permit.

“ I realized that I became a victim of circumstances when I arrived at the invitation of friends on a fishing trip and a possible hunt. & nbsp; I was misled by the information about the availability of legal and executed documents for hunting. & nbsp; As a result, people unknown to me who participated in a provocation against me & raquo; & nbsp ;, – said Rashkin.

According to the Prosecutor General, Rashkin initially refused to cooperate with the law enforcement group, gave false explanations & nbsp; & nbsp; and hid the instruments of the crime. & Nbsp; In addition, he has 20 years of hunting experience (in particular, obtaining a permit for the extraction of animals). & Nbsp; Moreover, , Rashkin & nbsp; & nbsp; & laquo; & nbsp; entered into an agreement with persons familiar to him to commit an illegal hunt, '' Krasnov explained.

“ According to its proof, evidence of the commission of a crime by Rashkin Valery Fedorovich under Part 2 of Art. – noted Krasnov.

According to the Prosecutor General, the damage caused by Rashkin is estimated at 80 thousand rubles.

What punishment threatens Valery Rashkin?

Under Part 2 of Art. restriction of freedom for up to years.

In addition, Rashkin can be brought to administrative responsibility in court under Part 2 of Art. & nbsp; 12.26 of the Administrative Code intoxicated '). & nbsp; This article provides for arrest for up to 15 days and a fine of 30 thousand rubles.

Sources of information:

sledcom.ru/news/item/1634686/

www.gazeta.ru/politics/2021/11/25_a_14244373.shtml?updated

consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34661/27b951a9ca374e6081930cfff85ebd581/>

consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_10699/5a2796b5ebd3a057ab32b2d16736acb4d28f0694/
& nbsp;

Источник aif.ru

South Africa says omicron strain triples risk of re-infection

Plot of a novel coronavirus pandemic that spread from China

The South African Center for Epidemiological Modeling and Analysis and the National Institute of Infectious Diseases reported that the new omicron coronavirus strain is three times more infectious for people who have previously had COVID-19 than previous options, reports TASS.

“ The data show that the omicron strain has the ability to bypass the immunity from COVID-19 received by earlier infected variants of the coronavirus. The risk of re-infection with the omicron strain is three times higher than the previous variants '', & mdash; The statement reads.

Earlier, Honored Doctor of Russia, Epidemiologist and Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Gennady Onishchenko & nbsp; stated that the reasons for panic due to the spread of the new strain of coronavirus omicron; no.

Head & nbsp; Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova & nbsp; said & nbsp; about the absence of a new omicron-strain on the territory of the Russian Federation. At the same time, the first cases of this form of coronavirus were detected in almost 20 countries and regions.

Источник aif.ru

Soyuz launch from Kourou cosmodrome in French Guiana postponed for the second time

General Director of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin said that the launch of the Soyuz rocket with Galileo satellites from the Kourou cosmodrome in French Guiana has been postponed for a day for the second time, RIA Novosti reports.

“ The launch has been postponed to Kourou again. At the request of the French side. For a day & raquo ;, & mdash; he explained.

The launch had to be postponed due to the unavailability of the French ship station for receiving telemetric information.

It is specified that the launch is scheduled for December 4 at 03.23 Moscow time.

It is noted that the rocket was approved before the launch by the security service of the National Center for Space Research of France.

Initially, it & nbsp; was scheduled & nbsp; for December 2, but was & nbsp; postponed due to bad weather.

As a reminder, since October 2011 & nbsp; 25 Russian rockets have been launched from the Kuru cosmodrome.

Источник aif.ru

Potatoes – a long way to the table? Adventures of a “migrant” in Europe

435 years ago, 3 & nbsp; December 1586 & nbsp; year, Sir Walter Raleigh, sailor, soldier, poet, writer and & nbsp; pirate, and & nbsp; and & nbsp; also & nbsp; favorite of the English Queen Elizabeth & nbsp; I , brought to England an exotic product from the & nbsp; New World & nbsp; & mdash; potatoes.

This is exactly what will be written in & nbsp; countless online “ calendars of memorable dates '', the compilers and & nbsp; editors of which are weakly connected with & nbsp; reality, especially with & nbsp; historical. But the ability to mindlessly rewrite each other's data, not bothering & nbsp; with fact-checking, has been pumped from & nbsp; from the & nbsp; school bench.

The specially gifted will certainly flaunt the “ secret knowledge '' and & nbsp; will notify readers that in & nbsp; Europe, at first, they did not & nbsp; know how to handle & nbsp; potatoes. And & nbsp; therefore, they tried to use in food not & nbsp; “ roots '', but & nbsp; “ tops '', then & nbsp; there are berries. Of course, they were poisoned en masse, since the fruits of the potatoes are poisonous. The & nbsp; force of which for a long time the potato was forgotten, abandoned, and & nbsp; used it only as an ornamental plant, and & nbsp; and & nbsp; then & nbsp; not & nbsp; everywhere. And & nbsp; only by the & nbsp; XVIII century they finally figured out what to do with & nbsp; this “ migrant '' from the & nbsp; New World, how to grow it and & nbsp; how to cook it.

From & nbsp; frequent repetition, these stories acquired the status of historical truth. Although the truth here is not & nbsp; on & nbsp; penny. Moreover & nbsp; & mdash; Such an alignment is generally humiliating, since it portrays Europeans as mere idiots, real cretins who & nbsp; could not adopt an elementary agricultural culture from advanced Indians.

To & nbsp; that & nbsp; in & nbsp; this slender narration somehow missed & nbsp; the kind that in & nbsp; Europe brought not & nbsp; only potatoes, but & nbsp; and & nbsp; tobacco, and & nbsp; corn, and & nbsp; chocolate. There was a real invasion of new cultures, which immediately began to be used for their intended purpose. And & nbsp; news about & nbsp; these new cultures spread a little & nbsp; if not & nbsp; lightning fast. Even in & nbsp; Russia, which was in & nbsp; those & nbsp; times, cut off from & nbsp; all seas except the White, news about & nbsp; “ overseas dishes '' appeared in a timely manner. For example, Metropolitan Macarius , tutor of Tsar Ivan the Terrible , left an interesting entry regarding tobacco and & nbsp; chocolate: “ Krul Gishpansky took under his power the island of Cuba (Cuba) and & nbsp; a great many other different lands. They bring & nbsp; and from there gold, silver, spices, herbs for incense and & nbsp; chukulat walnut, which is rubbed and & nbsp; drunk, mixed with & nbsp; water & raquo ;.

Potatoes, whatever & nbsp; say dropouts and & nbsp; adepts of half-knowledge, from & nbsp; this series of “ migrants '' never dropped out. In & nbsp; Europe they knew exactly what part of the plant should be used in & nbsp; food. Actually, the name itself, potatoes, goes back to & nbsp; Italian tartuffolo, then & nbsp; is a truffle & nbsp; & mdash; potato tubers were found to resemble this underground mushroom. It was in the & nbsp; southern countries of Europe, in & nbsp; Italy and & nbsp; Spain, potatoes and & nbsp; began their victorious march. The first in & nbsp; Europe mention of & nbsp; potatoes, as a & nbsp; food product, and not & nbsp; simple, but & nbsp; dietary, refers to & nbsp; Spain & nbsp; & mdash; in & nbsp; 1573, he is listed among the products purchased for the Blood of Jesus Hospital in & nbsp; Seville.

Photo: www.globallookpress.com/bilwissedition

Which, in & nbsp; principle, is not & nbsp; surprising. Peru is considered the homeland of the potatoes brought to & nbsp; Spain, then & nbsp; that is, it & nbsp; belonged to & nbsp; plants of a “ long day '', and & nbsp; in & nbsp; southern countries ripened quite tolerably well. And & nbsp; here in & nbsp; France, things with & nbsp; were much worse. There are long day potatoes ripened not & nbsp; to & nbsp; the end, and & nbsp; its tubers turned into & nbsp; sour, fetid mass, to & nbsp; that & nbsp; toxic, the use of which was fraught with vomiting, headache and & nbsp; fever, and & nbsp; especially successful & la & nbsp; cases provoked delirium, convulsions and & nbsp; coma. In a word, feed the pigs back and forth, and & nbsp; here are the people & nbsp; & mdash; direct poison. It was the French who disdained potatoes for a long time & nbsp; & mdash; only in & nbsp; 1772 & nbsp; g. The Paris Faculty of Medicine declared potatoes edible.

And & nbsp; how, in & nbsp; then, these potatoes took root in & nbsp; England and & nbsp; in & nbsp; Ireland? They are & nbsp; even farther north than France, and, according to & nbsp; the logic of things, there this culture should have awaited a catastrophic failure. But & nbsp; there was no failure. Opposite & nbsp; & mdash; the development of potatoes there went quite briskly.

The trick in & nbsp; is that a completely different potato was brought to England. True, not by & nbsp; by Sir Walter Raleigh himself, but & nbsp; unlucky colonists who & nbsp; could not get along with & nbsp; Indians in & nbsp; a colony based on & nbsp; the means of the favorite of the queen, and & nbsp; were forced to flee. And & nbsp; it happened not & nbsp; 3 & nbsp; December, but & nbsp; 27 & nbsp; July 1586 & nbsp; year. And & nbsp; delivered them & nbsp; to & nbsp; the ships of the famous pirate Francis Drake … And & nbsp; in & nbsp; everything else is more or less true. Indeed, the colonists from the & nbsp; Roanoke Island, off the coast of the present state of North Carolina, brought with them some local tobacco and & nbsp; potatoes. This potato already belonged to & nbsp; plants of a “ short day '', in & nbsp; the strength of which and & nbsp; took root in the & nbsp; north relatively quickly.

Another thing is that at first they looked at & nbsp; potatoes as a kind of crutch. Researchers call it “the food of lean years.” That & nbsp; is clear that this is food, and & nbsp; not an ornamental plant. It is clear which part should be consumed in & nbsp; food. But & nbsp; doesn’t & nbsp; really want to, except that it will strongly hinder.

Parmentier offers a bouquet of potato flowers to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, engraved in Le Petit Journal, March 1901 Source: Public Domain

By the & nbsp; and & nbsp; same some Europeans in & nbsp; force of inertia of thinking sometimes tried to use it as raw material for baking: “ The earth apple must be cut and & nbsp; dried. By pitching it into & nbsp; flour, you & nbsp; get bread not & nbsp; worse than the master's. At the & nbsp; exit, a tasteless, very dense gray substance was obtained, little resembling bread. No wonder & nbsp; & mdash; solid starch. Agronomists of that time understood this and & nbsp; in the & nbsp; recommendations “ brilliantly '' twisted: “ Such bread is hard to digest, but indigestion does not & nbsp; harm the rough peasant stomachs, on the contrary & nbsp; & mdash; it makes you feel full longer. ''

The eighteenth century is called the “ age of hunger, '' and & nbsp; quite rightly. The population was growing, and the fodder resource base was seriously lagging behind. It was then that the campaign began to & nbsp; popularize potatoes & nbsp; & mdash; in & nbsp; mainly in & nbsp; France and & nbsp; Austria. It was there that & nbsp; began to appear in & nbsp; boutonnieres and & nbsp; on & nbsp; flowers of this plant & nbsp; & mdash; as an additional PR move. In & nbsp; England and & nbsp; Germanic principalities, the need for & nbsp; popularization was not & nbsp; & mdash; potatoes there by & nbsp; by that time had already mastered.

Oddly enough, & nbsp; and & nbsp; in & nbsp; Russia too. To be precise & nbsp; & mdash; not & nbsp; in & nbsp; the whole huge empire, but & nbsp; in & nbsp; some of its & nbsp; parts. But & nbsp; mastered very well. General Jacob Sivers , appointed in & nbsp; 1764 by the Novgorod governor, began to popularize, but & nbsp; suddenly discovered that he was very late with & nbsp; this matter. They loved potatoes there long before & nbsp; “ The Novgorod peasants willingly grow it. They eat & nbsp; either cooked as a special dish, or mix it with & nbsp; cabbage soup, or make a filling for some kind of cakes out of & nbsp; What are the & nbsp; “ cakes '' meant Yakov Efimovich & nbsp; & mdash; not known for certain. Most likely, these were shangi or wickets & nbsp; & mdash; round open pies like cheesecakes. Another thing is important. The northern regions of Russia by & nbsp; by that time were managed with & nbsp; potatoes quite competently. Attempts to make bread out of & nbsp; potatoes, if & nbsp; were undertaken, then & nbsp; remained in the & nbsp; distant past. This product was no longer a gimmick. He & nbsp; firmly entered the & nbsp; local cuisine and & nbsp; enriched the national cuisine. & Nbsp; It should have taken many decades.

The fact that Russia is among the leaders in & nbsp; the development of potatoes should not be surprising. The answer, in general, is simple. The possibility is not excluded that the potatoes came to & nbsp; paradoxically & nbsp; & mdash; from & nbsp; the shores of the White Sea. In the & nbsp; the beginning of the 17th century, trade between Russia and & nbsp; Europe was carried out through the only seaport & nbsp; & mdash; Arkhangelsk. And & nbsp; the main partners of Russian merchants were the British. By that time, they knew perfectly well what potatoes were and & nbsp; succeeded in & nbsp; breeding it.

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“You sit with me!” Choosing a caregiver is a lottery, the price of which is life.

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 48. Not cheap help 01/12/2021

In & nbsp; at the end of November, in & nbsp; Petersburg, the nurse was sentenced & nbsp; & mdash; restriction of freedom for & nbsp; 1 & nbsp; year 4 & nbsp; months and & nbsp; 50 & nbsp; thous. rub. & nbsp; in & nbsp; account of compensation for moral damage. The woman beat her ward & nbsp; & mdash; 98-year-old siege. How to insure against & nbsp; such “ surprises '' and & nbsp; who today decides on & nbsp; this hard work & nbsp; & mdash; take care of & nbsp; helpless patients?

Dear & nbsp; & mdash; and & nbsp; not & nbsp; always reliable

This wild story took place in & nbsp; Petersburg in & nbsp; February.

The conflict between a young woman and & nbsp; her & nbsp; ward happened on the & nbsp; first & nbsp; day of her & nbsp; work & nbsp; & mdash; the nurse went over with & nbsp; alcohol, began to scandal, threaten the old woman with murder, and & nbsp; in & nbsp; in the end she simply beat a helpless woman. The neighbors ran to the & nbsp; cries of the beaten. The nurse was detained. After the case was taken under the personal control of Alexander Bastrykin , she was & nbsp; sent to a pre-trial detention center, and & nbsp; now and & nbsp; sentenced. True, she & nbsp; was credited with the time in custody, so the brawler was released right in the & nbsp; courtroom.

“ No money & nbsp; sorry! ''

Finding a nurse & nbsp; & mdash; it's like looking for a spouse: who's as lucky. And & nbsp; stories, happy and & nbsp; sad, in general, equally divided. “ On a far from & nbsp; beautiful day, my 50-year-old mom passed out. Migraines and & nbsp; used to haunt & nbsp; but & nbsp; there was something strange, & nbsp; & mdash; Olga Zarutskaya, a resident of the capital, shares her experience. & mdash; & nbsp; Did a paid MRI, the results were stunned: a brain tumor. The consultations in & nbsp; Murmansk, where we & nbsp; lived, we were not & nbsp; very satisfied, we went to & nbsp; Moscow, and & nbsp; then, collecting all the savings, & nbsp; & mdash; to & nbsp; Germany. They offered to do an operation, for which we & nbsp; sold the apartment (fortunately, & nbsp; we had another & nbsp; & mdash; tiny one, where we & nbsp; and & nbsp; later moved).

After the operation, my mother lived for almost a year, but & nbsp; externally and & nbsp; internally it was already a completely different person. She & nbsp; could not be left alone, she could & nbsp; turn on the water, stove or kettle. Not & nbsp; could wash myself and & nbsp; even eat. And & nbsp; I had to work so that there was & nbsp; what to buy medicines, food, hygiene items. In a word, without a nurse & nbsp; & mdash; no way! Smart people immediately advised to look in & nbsp; assistants for a person with & nbsp; medical education. Because it was required not & nbsp; only to wash and & nbsp; feed, but & nbsp; and & nbsp; to do dressings, injections, to understand the state of a person by & nbsp; movement of eyes, hands. It was not easy to find such a person, but & nbsp; I & nbsp; knew where. Went to & nbsp; district polyclinics and & nbsp; asked, did not & nbsp; leave & nbsp; whether any of & nbsp; nurses on a & nbsp; pension, does not & nbsp; need & nbsp; does & nbsp; & nbsp; work? I asked about & nbsp; nurses on & nbsp; pensions from friends, doctors, friends, in & nbsp; social networks. And & nbsp; they found me Lyudmila Ivanovna. Her services & nbsp; were almost equal to my monthly salary. She came to & nbsp; 8 & nbsp; in the morning and & nbsp; left only after my return from & nbsp; work. Mom loved her. And & nbsp; I didn’t & nbsp; feel sorry for any money, because I & nbsp; was calm: they would not & nbsp; miss the attack, relieve the pain, feed on time, read, walk. The salary for & nbsp; life was no longer & nbsp; enough, I took out a loan. But & nbsp; nor & nbsp; about & nbsp; which I do not & nbsp; regret, because I did everything for my mother that I could, everything that I should. '' & Nbsp;

& quot; Deliver me from & nbsp; her & quot;

А & nbsp; Elvira Kolesnikova from & nbsp; Solnechnogorsk less fortunate. “ Khabiba appeared in & nbsp; our lives through an agency for & nbsp; recruiting caregivers, & nbsp; & mdash; tells Elvira. & mdash; & nbsp; She & nbsp; was & nbsp; 50, mother-in-law, for & nbsp; which required care, & nbsp; & mdash; 93. Khabiba worked & bdquo; with & nbsp; accommodation & ldquo ;. It was convenient for us, because the mother-in-law did not & nbsp; want to move to the & nbsp; children & nbsp; & mdash; it was painful for her to lose her position as a hostess in her own apartment. The nurse's salary was 40 & nbsp; thousand, all the sons of the mother-in-law were dumped.

After 10 & nbsp; months, the mother-in-law in a whisper asked us to rid her & nbsp; of & nbsp; Khabiba. No, she didn't & nbsp; beat our granny, but & nbsp; intimidated that she would take revenge if she told the children something. And & nbsp; lived in & nbsp; my pleasure: ate everything that we & nbsp; brought in & nbsp; mother-in-law's bowls, gave our children our fruits, received guests, slept half a day or chatted on the & nbsp; phone with & nbsp; fellow countrymen. And & nbsp; granny herself cooked porridge for herself, walked on a & nbsp; bench near the entrance. When we & nbsp; said that we were leaving, Khabiba sobbed, screamed that she & nbsp; had nowhere to go. Still & nbsp; where would a loafer quickly find such & nbsp; fools as & nbsp; us, who will provide her & nbsp; food and & nbsp; accommodation? & Raquo; & nbsp;

Where to go for & nbsp; help?

How developed is the social services market in the & nbsp; country? Who and & nbsp; where does the caregiver train? And & nbsp; why are their & nbsp; services so expensive?

Most often it happens suddenly & nbsp; & mdash; when your loved one, until recently active, full of strength, with & nbsp; a bright mind, a person can no longer look after himself, and & nbsp; sometimes and & nbsp; just figure out who he is & nbsp; and & nbsp; where he is. And & nbsp; family members face the most difficult choice: take care of themselves, look for a hospital or hire a nurse.

They were & nbsp; considered & nbsp; parasites

We, living in & nbsp; XXI & nbsp; century, it is a sin to complain & nbsp; & mdash; we have a choice in the & nbsp; principle. And & nbsp; our parents didn’t & nbsp; had & nbsp; & mdash; all care of a seriously ill person fell entirely on the shoulders of relatives. Only a few & nbsp; & mdash; could afford to hire a nurse. simply because their & nbsp; was practically not & nbsp; was. In the & nbsp; USSR, the nurse violated two articles of the law at once & nbsp; & mdash; not only did she make money privately, but also & nbsp; was considered a parasite (since it was impossible to combine many hours of being next to a patient & nbsp; & nbsp; some kind of official job).

In & nbsp; Russia today the situation is difficult & nbsp; and, if we take the regions, heterogeneous, but & nbsp; it is, albeit slowly, but & nbsp; improving. There is a market for nurses, it & nbsp; really functions, and & nbsp; sooner or later it is possible to find a person whose skills and & nbsp; character will satisfy both you and & nbsp; your ward.

The market dictates the price

Cost services of professionals & nbsp; & mdash; just professionals! & mdash; & nbsp; is not cheap. Why? First of all, because good carers are simply not & nbsp; enough, but & nbsp; when demand exceeds supply by & nbsp; times, this is not reflected in & nbsp; prices in the best & nbsp; way.

Why & nbsp; are so few people going to & nbsp; nurses, if their & nbsp; services are so in demand? Because it's hard & nbsp; & mdash; and & nbsp; morally, and & nbsp; physically, you need a special warehouse of character. We must pay tribute to the authorities & nbsp; & mdash; they are trying to come up with ways that would encourage people to acquire this profession. For example, in the & nbsp; framework of the national project “ Demography '' there is a project “ Promotion of employment '', in which for people in & nbsp; age 50 + & nbsp; there is an opportunity to get a new profession “ Caregiver. Assistant for & nbsp; care. De facto, this means a guarantee of employment after training. The very process of learning a new profession usually takes place in patronage schools, and real professionals are trained there.

Unfortunately, not all graduates of these schools go to work in the & nbsp; specialty. And & nbsp; the most widespread option on the & nbsp; market is a middle-aged woman who came (as a rule, after & nbsp; children) from & nbsp; some former Soviet republic. Incidentally, the situation with & nbsp; nurses & nbsp; & mdash; the problem is worldwide. In the & nbsp; USA and & nbsp; European countries, most of them are also migrants, in & nbsp; including from & nbsp; Russia and & nbsp; countries of the former socialist camp.

Yes, there are also volunteers and religious women. But the & nbsp; & nbsp; first in & nbsp; mostly visit nursing homes, and & nbsp; the second work in & nbsp; hospitals and & nbsp; & nbsp; in the monasteries themselves, and & nbsp; they have enough work.

What can the government offer?

One of the & nbsp; ways to solve the problem & nbsp; & mdash; the incipient reform of the social service, the formation of the so-called long-term care system (CDS). It is aimed at & nbsp; support for the elderly and disabled people who have partially or completely lost the ability to care for themselves. In addition to medical care, & nbsp; it includes help for a family, in & nbsp; of which there are such patients, and & nbsp; even the allocation of nurses and & nbsp; home patronage. This pilot project has been carried out since & nbsp; 2019 & nbsp;, today two dozen regions of Russia are participating in it. And & nbsp; in & nbsp; June, President Putin instructed the government in & nbsp; as soon as possible & nbsp; & mdash; until & nbsp; end of 2022 & nbsp; g. & mdash; & nbsp; identify funding sources and & nbsp; implement CDS everywhere.

'Therefore, if you & nbsp; first encountered & nbsp; such a disaster, I advise you to first contact the & nbsp; social security authorities, where they can offer you some help, & nbsp; & mdash; says Lena Andrev, lecturer at the Department of Nursing Management, RUDN Medical Institute. & mdash; & nbsp; But & nbsp; the possibilities of & nbsp; regions are different. Yes & nbsp; and & nbsp; state of & nbsp; patients & nbsp; & mdash; too. It is enough for someone that a social worker or a nurse came to & nbsp; a few hours 1 & ndash; 2 times a day & nbsp; & mdash; this gives good budget savings. For & nbsp; more serious cases, study not & nbsp; only the caregiver market, but & nbsp; and & nbsp; those & nbsp; types of assistance to citizens in need of & nbsp; care that work in your area. For example, schools are often opened where relatives are taught how to properly care for & nbsp; such people & nbsp; & mdash; it is a separate science. Semi-stationary services are also being introduced. Usually, these are daytime groups, when relatives can be sure that their ward is under supervision in & nbsp; the time they spend outside the home, at & nbsp; work. Rental centers are being created where you can get a variety of rehabilitation aids. ''

Can you & nbsp; become a nurse for a loved one yourself?

Pushkin told about & nbsp; how the patient's relative feels at the same time: his Eugene Onegin, getting ready to “ sit and & nbsp; day and & nbsp; night '' with & nbsp; dying uncle, I was already determined to “ sigh and & nbsp; think to myself: when & nbsp; will the devil take you! ''. How not to & nbsp; afford to come to & nbsp; such a state & nbsp; & mdash; and & nbsp; really help a loved one?

First of all, you need to learn to “ secret '' methods of working with & nbsp; so-called people with limited mobility. How to turn them over in & nbsp; beds, lift and & nbsp; put them on a chair, how to properly feed, wash and & nbsp; carry out hygiene procedures. This is taught in patronage schools. This is usually a few short lessons, possibly & nbsp; online. All these techniques can be found & nbsp; on the internet and & nbsp; to master them & nbsp; yourself.

Secondly, it is necessary to correctly select the means of small rehabilitation & nbsp; & mdash; from & nbsp; cutlery and & nbsp; dishes helping people with & nbsp; trembling in & nbsp; hands, impaired fine motor skills, weakness and & nbsp; deformation of the hands, to & nbsp; lifts and & nbsp; special means for moving patients. But & nbsp; the main thing & nbsp; & mdash; it is a warning for bedsores. “ Usually they immediately try to get an anti-bedsore mattress, & nbsp; & mdash; says Lena Andrev, lecturer at the Department of Nursing Management, RUDN Medical Institute. & mdash; & nbsp; But & nbsp; it & nbsp; will & nbsp; help if you use it & nbsp; wrong. After all, a person still needs to be turned over every 2 & nbsp; hours. Now mattresses that take the shape of the body and & nbsp; relieve pressure on the skin are considered more effective. Many people need a good functional bed and & nbsp; devices to move a person from & nbsp; bed to & nbsp; chair or wheelchair and & nbsp; back. From & nbsp; vehicles to & nbsp; mainly use walkers or rollators. The latter seem to me to be optimal.

In order for the means of minor rehabilitation to really help, they must be & nbsp; selected for the needs of a particular person and & nbsp; dimensions of the apartment. Many devices look very attractive, but after the purchase they remain unclaimed. I advise & nbsp; rent them. If something doesn’t fit (for example, the gurney doesn’t & nbsp; pass through the door), it’s easy to hand it back. ”

How to choose a good nurse?

Coordinator of the Attention & Nbsp; Care School of Nursing Elena Sukhacheva advises paying attention to & nbsp; such aspects.

Where & nbsp; to look for it?

Good carers usually go from & nbsp; one family to & nbsp; another through & nbsp; acquaintance. Therefore, one of the & nbsp; safest ways to find & nbsp; & mdash; through the recommendations of friends. You & nbsp; will be able to personally talk with & nbsp; her & nbsp; past employers, learn how to build relationships with & nbsp; how much to pay, & nbsp; what it is & nbsp; to ask for. These are important questions if this is your first time hiring a caregiver. To find such a professional, you need the widest possible circle of contacts. Therefore, share your problem on & nbsp; social networks, especially in & nbsp; profile groups. I know that maternity groups are very responsive. Plus, search not & nbsp; only among friends, colleagues, neighbors, but & nbsp; and & nbsp; among the acquaintances of your acquaintances, the parents of your child's classmates. It works!

The second way & nbsp; & mdash; aggregators for & nbsp; home recruitment. In their & nbsp; base there can be & nbsp; excellent nurses who know their worth, and & nbsp; beginners. But & nbsp; for the caregivers themselves, these services are not & nbsp; very profitable, since they take a percentage of & nbsp; earnings.

The third way & nbsp; & mdash; through patronage agencies. They take on possible risks, suggest which nurse is better to choose for a particular person, look for a replacement for her, if the employee recommended by them does not & nbsp; fit, is ill, or for some reason cannot & nbsp; work. This saves time and & nbsp; nerves, minimizes the risk that a dishonest person gets into the & nbsp; house.

What should she & nbsp; be able to do?

A professional nurse knows how to work with & nbsp; all patients. She knows how to turn a person in the & nbsp; bed, how to transfer to a & nbsp; chair (there are special techniques for this); how to feed if the swallowing process is disturbed; how to avoid bedsores and & nbsp; how to care for & nbsp; them, if they already exist. She should be able not to & nbsp; only change a diaper, but & nbsp; and & nbsp; to provide assistance in & nbsp; any hygiene procedures, because & nbsp; people can have special catheters, gastro- and & nbsp; nephrostomy and & nbsp; t. & Nbsp; etc. And, most importantly, she knows how to communicate with & nbsp; such wards delicately, respecting their dignity.

How to communicate with & nbsp; her?

This is a very important point! Do not & nbsp; need to make the relationship with the & nbsp; nurse conflictual, taking the position & laquo; we & nbsp; pay you & nbsp; & mdash; you & nbsp; have to endure everything. '' She has a tough job. And & nbsp; do not & nbsp; forget that & nbsp; your loved ones because of a serious illness, too, often changes not & nbsp; for the & nbsp; better side. Therefore, in case of her & nbsp; conflict with the patient, try to listen to both sides. Remember that the & nbsp; caregiver has a personal life and & nbsp; she & nbsp; also needs rest so that she becomes a good helper for your relative.

What to do if you like the nurse, but & nbsp; doesn’t & nbsp; know much?

If & nbsp; she has a trusting relationship with & nbsp; your loved one and & nbsp; you like her too, then & nbsp; you can improve her & nbsp; qualification in the & nbsp; school of home nursing. There are two ways to do this. The first & nbsp; & mdash; let her go there & nbsp; for & nbsp; training. The second & nbsp; & mdash; invite the coach home to teach her & nbsp; directly on & nbsp; your loved one.

Who is not & nbsp; worth taking?

Poor Russian speakers & nbsp; & mdash; this will make it difficult to communicate both & nbsp; with & nbsp; you, and & nbsp; in & nbsp; first of all with & nbsp; ward. Untrained nurses. Without & nbsp; knowing the techniques necessary to work with & nbsp; sedentary people, they can & nbsp; only harm them, sometimes seriously. If a person subjectively does not & nbsp; like & nbsp; & mdash; this is also a reason for refusal.

If the nurse is not & nbsp; satisfied with your conditions, but & nbsp; has no choice & nbsp; and therefore she agrees, it's better not to & nbsp; & nbsp; do not & nbsp; hire her, as, most likely, everything will end in a conflict.

Love & nbsp; like a native

The essence of a nurse's work & nbsp; & mdash; turn her life into a & nbsp; happy life for her & nbsp; ward.

Elvira Verwein, volunteer with & nbsp; 15 years of experience, Ulyanovsk :

& mdash; Since childhood, I have always tried to help abandoned and crippled animals. Having matured and & nbsp; getting married, going through the loss of loved ones, she began to help weak, abandoned children in orphanages, especially children with & nbsp; disabilities. By & nbsp; education, I am & nbsp; teacher of additional education. While still working at the & nbsp; school, I organized a volunteer group to surround such children with care and & nbsp; help.

I was never & nbsp; shy about any work. She was a nurse, nurse, nurse. And & nbsp; in & nbsp; 45 & nbsp; years she moved to get a job in a boarding house for seniors near Moscow and & nbsp; to earn money for volunteering.

In & nbsp; home to & nbsp; my current ward & nbsp; & mdash; The 86-year-old general, who needed care after a hip fracture, was & nbsp; hit by a & nbsp; recommendation. Was ready for & nbsp; everything, because & nbsp; to. & Nbsp; in & nbsp; nursing home “ met '' and & nbsp; with & nbsp; bedsores, and & nbsp; with & nbsp; abscesses, and & nbsp; most important & nbsp; & mdash; with the pain of & nbsp; loneliness.

They say that money is not easy. Yes, the job of a nurse is not & nbsp; sugar. There are different wards: someone does not & nbsp; sleeps at night and & nbsp; is constantly torn somewhere, someone is aggressive, & nbsp; someone has problems with & nbsp; memory. But & nbsp; to & nbsp; everyone needs to find an approach and & nbsp; to calm down. It's good when the family sees how you & nbsp; work, understands you and & nbsp; gives time for & nbsp; rest. It can be emotionally difficult, burnout can occur. Therefore, if you & nbsp; dared to become a nurse and & nbsp; want to avoid it, become your ward a friend. Every day I ask my grandfather what we are going to do today: read, draw, sing, watch the news. He has a clear & nbsp; mind, excellent memory and & nbsp; his own world, which he shares with & nbsp; me. When I appear at the & nbsp; doorstep, he smiles. He & nbsp; taught me to sing military and & nbsp; Ukrainian folk songs, I & nbsp; his & nbsp; & mdash; paint.

This is very difficult & nbsp; & mdash; to love the ward as a loved one. But & nbsp; if you & nbsp; do not & nbsp; find kindness in & nbsp; an old man is a burden to you, you & nbsp; are & nbsp; ready to & nbsp; a hundred times to listen to endless stories from & nbsp; his past life, then & nbsp; it is better not & nbsp; to be & nbsp;/p>

Источник aif.ru

“She doesn’t belong there.” Who was against the creation of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

55 years ago, on December 3, 1966, the solemn funeral of the Unknown Soldier took place in Moscow. An armored personnel carrier with a gun carriage, on which the coffin was installed, moved from the Belorussky railway station to Red Square at a speed of 3 km/h. Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky walked in the forefront of the procession.

4 million missing

Hundreds of thousands of people stood in dense rows along the entire route. For many of them, fathers, children, brothers and sisters did not return from the front. Instead of a funeral, they received a notice with the short wording: “ Missing. '' On that day, each of them believed that they would finally be able to bury their loved one. Newsreels & mdash; mournful faces with tears in their eyes, which quickly turned into pieces of ice. The day was frosty.

21 years have passed since the Victory. A new generation has grown up. They, young people and girls of the same age as those who fell for the Motherland, paid tribute to the heroic deed of the soldier in solemn silence, on whose grave the words: “ Your name is unknown, your deed is immortal. ''

It was the day when in Moscow, for the first time, honors were paid to millions of fighters who were listed as missing. According to official statistics, there were more than 4 million of them. During Stalin's time, the wording 'missing' was something shameful. What if the soldier was captured? What if he deserted? These “ suddenly '' undeservedly denigrated the memory of millions of defenders of the Fatherland.

The idea was brought from Poland

A fighter about whom there was no accurate information for 15 days and whose body was not found and identified was considered missing. But how, in the conditions of that terrible war, was it possible to document the death of everyone ?! Here they send a wounded carriage from the front line to the rear, at this moment the bombing begins. The wounded never made it to the hospital … And that's it: relatives receive a message about the “ missing person ''. Or a group of fighters leaves on a mission. A gunfight is heard. Half did not return. And again, the terrible words “ missing '' fly to relatives. How many of them, who laid down their heads near Moscow, Stalingrad, Kursk, Rzhev, who died in a multimillion-dollar bloody meat grinder, remained unidentified in the fields, at the bottom of rivers, in the forests. And how many widows and orphans did not know where to come to bow to the ashes of a loved one. And then she appeared: the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The grave, which was considered native by millions of our compatriots.

Among all the victorious countries in the Second World War, the Soviet Union was the last state where such a monument appeared. The idea came to the chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers Alexei Kosygin after a visit to Poland, where the Soviet delegation laid wreaths at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Warsaw. Interested in the question, he learned that similar monuments exist in the USA, England, France.

It was originally planned that the Soviet monument would be dedicated to the memory of unknown soldiers who died in the battle for the capital. In December 1966, preparations were made to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the defeat of the Nazis near Moscow. Kosygin shared his thoughts with Nikolai Egorychev , First Secretary of the Moscow City Committee of the CPSU. For Egorychev, the creation of the monument became a matter of honor. He fought himself and lost his brother at the front. He disappeared without a trace. Egorychev considered it his duty as a soldier, who had returned from the front alive, to create a monument in honor of those who, as the famous song says, “turned into white cranes.” Very soon the idea of ​​the monument expanded to an all-Union scale.

'Seeks cheap popularity among the people'

It would seem that this case should have been supported at the very top, but unexpectedly Leonid Brezhnev began to slow down the process of creating the monument. The fact is that Egorychev, wishing to start implementing the project as soon as possible, approved the draft sketches of the future memorial complex at Kosygin and Mikhail Suslov , who was considered the second person in the party after Brezhnev. But the sketches did not get to Brezhnev himself, since at that moment he was absent from Moscow. Both Kosygin and Suslov liked the sketches. They were approved. But Leonid Ilyich took Egorychev's operational activities with hostility. Allegedly, the first secretary of the Moscow City Party Committee takes on too much. At the same time, anonymous letters rained down on Yegorychev in the Central Committee, where he was accused of trying to gain cheap popularity among the people.

When it came to choosing a place where the memorial complex would be located, Brezhnev was in no hurry to agree on it. Three options were proposed: Lenin Hills, the Spit of the Moskva River (now there is a monument to Peter the Great) and Manezhnaya Square (there is now a shopping center). Brezhnev did not approve any of the options. At the same time, less than a month remained before the installation of the monument. Egorychev was sure that the monument should be located at the Kremlin wall in the Alexander Garden. But the place was occupied by an obelisk in honor of the 300th anniversary of the House of Romanov. After the October 1917 coup, Lenin ordered the names of revolutionaries to be stamped on this obelisk instead of the names of the sovereigns. “ Everything that was associated with Lenin was considered unshakable in the USSR. No one even thought could do something with the obelisk '', & mdash; later told Yegorychev himself in a television interview. He, of course, took the risk, but he saw no other way out. Egorychev closed the Alexander Garden in the daytime and ordered to move the obelisk, and later managed to convince the Politburo members of the advisability of erecting the monument in the Alexander Garden. Finally, Brezhnev gave the go-ahead.

At the same time, the question of whose ashes will be buried at the Kremlin wall was resolved. In the fall of 1966, a mass grave was discovered during construction work on the symbolic 41st kilometer of the Moscow-Leningrad highway near Zelenograd. And in it & mdash; remains in well-preserved uniforms without insignia.

Why Post No. 1 was moved

On December 3, 1966, the remains of the Unknown Soldier arrived in Moscow. The burial was attended by Leonid Brezhnev, marshals Georgy Zhukov and Konstantin Rokossovsky. The latter thus paid tribute to the memory of his soldiers, since he commanded the Western Front and the 16th Army during the defense of Moscow. The monument at the grave was erected later. Inauguration of the memorial complex 'Tomb of the Unknown Soldier' took place on May 8, 1967. The ceremony was led by Nikolai Egorychev.

In 1997, the President of Russia Boris Yeltsin issued a decree “ On the establishment of a permanent guard of honor in Moscow at the Eternal Flame at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier '', according to which Post No. 1 was moved from the mausoleum to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

And since 2014, after the decision of the State Duma on December 3, when the ashes of the unknown soldier were buried in the Alexander Garden, it became officially known as the Day of the Unknown Soldier.

Now already the third and fourth generations of families come here, where in 1941-1945. a funeral came with the words “ missing ''. According to the documents, these fighters disappeared without leaving a trace. The main thing is that they do not disappear from our national memory, that we retain in us awe of their feat and fearlessness with which they met and drove the enemy from their native land.

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The US defense budget has become hostage to Nord Stream 2

Why Democrats and Republicans can't agree on military spending The US $ 770 billion draft defense budget for 2022 was blocked twice in a week due to disputes over amendments over the sanctions over Nord Stream 2 and against China. Details are in the material of RBK

Austria’s second chancellor to resign in two months

Former Chancellor Sebestyan Kurz resigned amid a corruption scandal on October 9. His successor Alexander Schallenberg officially headed the government on October 11

Alexander Schallenberg

Austrian Chancellor Alexander Schallenberg, having been at the head of the government for less than two months, wrote a letter of resignation. This is reported by the Kronen Zeitung.

This was preceded by the announcement of Schallenberg's predecessor as chancellor, Sebastian Kurz. He announced that he had decided to retire from politics and resign as chairman of the Austrian People's Party (ANP). As noted by the Kronen Zeitung, Kurz made such a decision after the birth of his son.

The interlocutors of the publication said that Minister of the Interior Karl Nehammer could replace Kurz as chairman of the party.

Schallenberg, according to the Kronen Zeitung, said that he would leave the post of Austrian Chancellor, “ as soon as the appropriate appointments are made within the party. ''

leader of the New People's Party. I strongly believe that both offices & mdash; the heads of government and the leader of the federal party, the most powerful party in Austria, must quickly reunite in the same hands, '', & mdash; Schallenberg explained his decision to resign in a written statement.

Kurz resigned in the wake of a corruption scandal. Investigators suspected people from the Chancellor's entourage of bribing the newspaper & Ouml; sterreich to publish polls with positive comments about the Austrian People's Party. The defendants in the case were Kurz himself, nine other people and three organizations.

On the evening of October 6, Kurz issued a statement in which he denied the charges. “ There is absolutely no evidence that it was me who directed which advertisements or polls were ordered from the Ministry of Finance, '' & mdash; he said then. When asked by a journalist whether Kurtz would remain in the post of chancellor, the politician answered in the affirmative, but on October 9 announced that he was resigning.

The politician explained his decision with a desire to “ avoid chaos and ensure stability. '' “ The important thing now is to restore trust. & lt; … & gt; My country is more important to me than my personality '', & mdash; he said. Schallenberg first became Acting Chancellor of Austria, and from October 11th.

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Angela Merkel’s farewell ceremony took place in Berlin. Video

In Berlin, in the courtyard of the Ministry of Defense of the Federal Republic of Germany, a solemn ceremony was held dedicated to seeing off Angela Merkel from the post of head of government

Video

Traditionally, a high-ranking politician can choose several musical compositions for farewell ceremonies. Merkel chose the song 'You Forgot Your Color Film' (Du hast den Farbfilm vergessen) by German punk rock singer Nina Hagen. According to Merkel, the work of this singer was “ one of the highlights in her youth. '' The military band also played a song by the popular German singer and actress of the 1950s Hildegard Knef, as well as a church composition. The ceremony ended with the performance of the national anthem.

Merkel will remain acting chancellor for a few more days. She will leave when the Bundestag votes for her successor, Olaf Scholz. On the same day, his office will be sworn in.

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The Ministry of Justice decided to oblige the chambers of lawyers to initiate disciplinary cases

According to the proposal, the chambers of lawyers will not be able to refuse to bring lawyers to disciplinary responsibility. The department proposes to deprive the status of lawyers of those who did not take the oath on time after the qualification exam

The Ministry of Justice wants to oblige the chambers of lawyers to initiate disciplinary proceedings against lawyers on all submissions from the department. This is stated in the document prepared by the Ministry on the portal of draft regulatory legal acts.

The federal chamber of lawyers (FPA) or the regional chamber of lawyers will not be able to refuse the Ministry of Justice or its territorial bodies to initiate such a case, it follows from the bill.

proceedings against a lawyer & lrm; or refusal to apply disciplinary measures against him.

Another initiative concerns the termination of the status of a lawyer. If the Bar Chamber within three months does not consider the relevant submission of the Ministry of Justice, the department wants to get the right to appeal to the court with a similar request.

The Ministry of Justice also proposes to give it the right, together with the FPA, to approve questions for the qualification exam of lawyers. It is assumed that the data on applicants who did not pass the qualifying exam will be included in the Unified State Register of Lawyers.

In addition, the document introduces the norm that after passing the qualification exam, a lawyer must take an oath within three months. If he does not do this, the decision of the qualification commission on the assignment of the status of a lawyer will be canceled. If the deadline was missed for a good reason, the decision on reinstatement may be considered by the council of the bar association.

The initiative, which allows the Ministry of Justice to appeal in court the decisions of the Bar in disciplinary cases initiated on their submissions, “ raises great doubts about its validity from the FPA Council and the Council took a negative position on this, '' State Secretary of the Federal Chamber of Lawyers Konstantin Dobrynin told RBC .

“ Politically, this bill, alas, reflects the spirit of the times and is a demonstration of the state, represented by the Ministry of Justice, to strengthen control and supervision over the activities of the legal profession. At the same time, the presented version of the bill is already a product of a compromise, disputes in working groups and attempts to find solutions, and in many respects differs from the initial ideas of the bureaucrats for the better, '', & mdash; Dobrynin said.

According to the State Secretary, the FPA does not quite understand the reasons why the Ministry of Justice proposed to change the procedure for passing exams, “ but since the state demonstratively wants to share the burden of responsibility for this & mdash; we are ready to agree. ''

The Ministry of Justice twice unsuccessfully tried to bring to disciplinary responsibility the lawyer of the journalist Ivan Safronov, accused of treason, Ivan Pavlov (included in the register of foreign media agents). In the summer of 2020, the department sent a corresponding submission to the St. Petersburg Bar Association. The reason was the lawyer's refusal to sign a non-disclosure agreement on the preliminary investigation of Safronov's criminal case. After the chamber refused to the Ministry of Justice, the department filed a lawsuit against it, but then withdrew the claim. In the fall of 2021, the department submitted a third similar submission against Pavlov to the bar association.

In the spring, Pavlov was charged with divulging the secrets of the investigation in connection with the Safronov case. In September, he announced that he left Russia and went to Georgia. Despite emigration, the lawyer did not stop representing the interests of Safronov and other clients.

In November, the Ministry of Justice decided to bring another Safronov lawyer, Yevgeny Smirnov, to disciplinary responsibility. The Chamber of Advocates of the Leningrad Region initiated disciplinary proceedings against the defender on the proposal of the regional department of the department.

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United Russia has prepared answers to 10 myths about vaccinations

State Duma deputies from “United Russia” received recommendations on how to argue with opponents of vaccination. The theses touch upon the “number of the beast”, yellow stars, world government and the historical context from Stalin to Gorbachev

State Duma deputies from United Russia before the regional week, which involves working with voters in the regions and lasts from November 29 to December 5, we received methodological recommendations prepared by the party with arguments in favor of vaccination and the introduction of QR codes. The document is at the disposal of RBC, its authenticity was confirmed by two members of United Russia.

In the press service of United Russia in response to a request from RBC, they said that “ the party, together with the faction's staff, regularly prepare reference materials for deputies on key initiatives, bills, and current issues '': Government bills on additional measures to combat covid are no exception. This helps to increase the efficiency and expert support of the faction's work, to provide deputies with various textures for working with the media and voters. This is a systematic work that the party will develop, providing expert and informational and methodological support for the activities of the deputy corps. ''

Sending such recommendations & mdash; standard practice when it comes to important bills or issues important to the party. Usually, such documents describe in the abstract how deputies from the party or other representatives of the party should answer certain topics in communication with voters or in public space.

The guidelines for vaccination issues are titled Basic Arguments and Myths on Antique Limitations and Pandemic Response in Public Discussion. The document contains several sections with theses on what arguments to use in conversations with citizens, the media and during possible discussions in favor of vaccination and how to debunk the most common myths about it. A list of ten myths is also attached.

Among the myths that MPs are encouraged to answer:

  • The myth that QR codes & mdash; this is the 'start of the digital concentration camp' United Russia members are offered several answers. For example: “ Give up your TIN! In the early 2000s, there was a massive rejection of the introduction of the INN as a “ satanic codification of people '', then they talked about the “ number of the beast '' and a digital concentration camp. A whole generation has grown up since then, which does not even realize that it was numbered along with its parents, and it lives in a concentration camp. ''
  • Another myth is formulated as follows: “ Nobody canceled the decisions of the Nuremberg trials against fascism! Assigning a number to a person, as well as yellow stars, & mdash; you can't! '' The answer, according to the document, should be as follows: “ Show me the carriers of the INN, SNILS, burned in the furnaces and put on the lampshades, your individual passport number, which is in all electronic databases, show me the 'hundredth kilometer'; and the Law on Cook's Children, a ban on passports for collective farmers and a ransom bill from serfdom, European zoos with blacks in open-air cages, and places for blacks. in transport. That is, show me everything that Nuremberg condemned and that came back with digital quar codes and digital technology. It's juggling and manipulation. ''
  • As an example, the following myth is given: “ Vaccinated people also get sick! They are spreading the infection even more, why is it now possible for them to go everywhere, and not to the vaccinated? '' “ Are you a medic? '' the answer option is registered. & mdash; Why did not a single sick person go to their friends for treatment at Odnoklassniki, but are in hospitals? '' United Russia is invited to end this thought with the thesis that “ vaccinated people get sick easily, but not sick at all, if there was no increased viral load due to the large number of unvaccinated people around us. ''
  • The myth “ coronavirus vaccines have not been studied, their effectiveness has not been proven! '' a possible answer is given as follows: “ Then all vaccine developers, doctors and their relatives '' they are 'masochists and sadists' because they were the first to vaccinate themselves, to vaccinate their children and relatives. '' In addition, it is said that coronavirus vaccines have not been developed from scratch, “ more than 70 countries, led by the world's leading magazine Lancet. '' see the effectiveness of Russian vaccines, but Yuri Loza “ knows better. '' The following answer is also proposed: “ If the whole world, all doctors, all states, 'world government' ' and 'secret powers' united in a covid conspiracy against the anti-Axers, then the earth is really flat. ''
  • The myth “ we are chipped with a vaccine, then controlled with quar-code! '' it is recommended to answer like this. “ Who personally needs you to control you? What interest is your summer cottage or relationship with children? Is it interesting for the Pentagon, your governor or Brussels? Scientists argue about whether viruses can be embedded in human DNA, but the components of a vaccine, any vaccine – absolutely not! .. ''

How to use the 'historical context'

The document also contains a section 'What about the state? Historical context '': it sets out theses about possible actions on the part of prominent politicians if they faced opponents of vaccinations.

  • 'Under Stalin, the' conspiracy of obscurantists' was revealed and shot in each region, according to the order from the center, a certain number of “ anti-Axis '', & mdash; the authors of the document write;
  • “ Under Khrushchev & mdash; exiled to places not as distant as agents of imperialism ';
  • ' Under Brezhnev 'mdash; closed in a psychiatric hospital opponents of vaccinations and the decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU cut down the Internet as a source of “ enemy voices '';
  • “ Under Gorbachev, 'anti-axers' were announced “ an interesting phenomenon '', the people were treated with the help of Kashpirovsky and the healing loading of cans of water in front of the TV. '' deaths from disease. ''

As for modern Russia (the name of the current President Vladimir Putin is not mentioned in the document), in the section “ Comparative Context '' it is said: if we compare Russian restrictive measures with European or Asian ones, then our country acts much softer.

How to explain the current situation with the pandemic

data on how difficult the situation with the coronavirus epidemic in the country is (section “ There is no more time for conversations and persuasion! The situation is critical '').

The deputies are invited to operate with the following figures: in Russia, more than 30 thousand cases and more than 1000 deaths are recorded every day: “ 1000 deaths per day '' that's about 30,000 per month. Every month a pandemic takes away the population of a small town like Gudermes, Krasnoznamensk, Novokubansk, Lukhovits '', & mdash; specified in the document. When communicating, the deputies are invited to convey the idea that the “ persuasion of the '' anti-axers '' are expensive for the country and all citizens '' and the loss of life is comparable to the war. In addition, United Russia should remind people that doctors have suggested that anti-Axis visit the red zones. hospitals, but the MPs themselves should offer to “ join the work of volunteers and personally, not from the couch, get to know the situation. ''

What initiatives against the spread of covid are currently being discussed by MPs

In mid-November, the government submitted to the State Duma bills on the introduction of QR codes in public places and in transport. According to the initiative, visiting public places (the list of which should be established by the governors) and traveling by plane and train will be possible only if there is a document with a QR code confirming vaccination, past illness, or if there is a medical outlet. The first reading of the bills may take place on December 16. Currently, both documents have been sent to the regions. After the introduction of bills to the State Duma, protests against the introduction of QR codes were held in a number of regions: for example, in Kostroma, Irkutsk, Novosibirsk, Volgograd, Yekaterinburg.

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The heads of Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine called for tougher sanctions against Russia

Vilnius, Warsaw and Kiev call on the international community to toughen sanctions against Moscow, according to a joint statement by the presidents of Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine Gitanas Nauseda, Andrzej Duda and Volodymyr Zelensky

In the document, the leaders of the three countries said about “ ongoing aggression against Ukraine '' from Russia. They also called on the Russian side to de-escalate by “ withdrawing their troops from the Ukrainian borders and temporarily occupied territories. ''

Nauseda, Duda, and Zelensky reiterated their concerns over the Russian stream-2 '' and called the project a threat to European security. for the security of the European region. The presidents agreed to oppose the 'monopolization of the European gas market by Russia, which uses energy as a geopolitical tool.' The foreign ministers of the three countries signed a declaration on its creation in July 2020. In it, the parties expressed their commitment to deepen and expand cooperation between the armed forces and in the fight against coronavirus, as well as support Ukraine's accession to NATO and the EU.

The material is being supplemented

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Merkel was escorted from the post of German chancellor to punk rock

Photo: AP

On Thursday evening, December 2, a ceremony was held in Berlin to mark Angela Merkel's departure from the post of German chancellor. The event was organized in the inner courtyard of the Bundeswehr.

The Großer Zapfenstreich ceremony (loosely translated as “lights out” or “dawn”) is considered the highest sign of respect that a civilian can receive from the military. According to tradition, a high-ranking politician for whom the ceremony is held can order a number of musical compositions to the orchestra of the Ministry of Defense that he would like to hear. Merkel previously announced that she had chosen Nina Hagen's song Du hast den Farbfilm vergessen (“You Forgot Your Color Film”). She explained that the work of the German punk rock legend was one of the highlights of her youth.

Also, the military band played a church composition and a song by the German star of the 50s Hildegard Knef for Merkel and invited guests. At the end of the ceremony, the orchestra sang the German national anthem.

At the end of the performance of the military musicians, Merkel said goodbye to those present with a wave of her hand, took one scarlet rose from a lush bouquet in a flowerpot, which was installed next to her chair during the ceremony, and with a flower in her hands got into the car. From the car window, she waved her hand several more times, occasionally touching her nose, after which the cortege took her away from the square.

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The target for undermining by agents of the special services of Ukraine on the territory of Russia has become known

Two of the detainees were sent by the Security Service of Ukraine to the territory of Russia in order to collect information and take photos and videos of strategically important life support enterprises and transport infrastructure.

The third detainee worked for the Main Intelligence Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. His tasks included the commission of a terrorist act by detonating two improvised explosive devices with a total mass of 1.5 kg in TNT.

The target of the terrorist was to be the mast of the Black Sea Fleet radio center, the Crimean television center tower and a mobile gas turbine power plant. p>

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Russia and San Marino agreed to abolish visas

Russia and San Marino have agreed to abolish visas between the two countries, the state secretariat for foreign affairs of the European republic reported.

SOURCE: PIXABAY

On Thursday, December 2, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, International Economic Cooperation and Telecommunications of San Marino Luca Beccari signed a corresponding agreement.

As noted in the message of the San Marino State Secretariat, the signed agreement testifies to “excellent relations” between states and “mutual desire to develop cooperation”.

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SpaceX rocket launched into orbit with Starlink internet satellites

It is reported that the launch was carried out on Thursday at 18:12 US East Coast time (Friday at 02:12 Moscow time) from the 40th complex at the cosmodrome at Cape Canaveral in Florida.

In addition to 48 Starlink Internet satellites, the rocket will launch into orbit two new geospatial reconnaissance satellites of the American company BlackSky, which, among other things, will perform tasks in the interests of the Pentagon and the US intelligence services.

Recall that the Starlink network is designed to provide residents Lands with broadband internet access. In total, the American company is going to deploy 11,000 satellites in orbit. The total cost of this project is estimated at ten billion dollars.

At the moment, the orbital group already consists of 1842 spacecraft.

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In the Khabarovsk Territory, residents met a lost tiger on the road

Press Service of the Amur Tiger Center reported that in the Khabarovsk Territory a red-book tiger cub without a mother came out on the road, Interfax reports.

It is reported that the lost cub was filmed on the road in the Lazo region of the Khabarovsk Territory.

In appearance, the baby is 8-10 months old. At this age, they are curious and inexperienced, and can walk for a long enough time without the accompaniment of their mother-tigress. This is under ideal circumstances, & mdash; the message says.

At the same time, scientists noted that there are now problems with the food supply, which are complicated by bad weather.

a hunting supervision group that will check that the tiger cub has left the area near the road and returned to its mother.

Earlier, FSB officers, in cooperation with the Amur Tiger Center, & nbsp; detained & nbsp; in the Primorsky Territory, members of a criminal group that for several years was engaged in shooting Amur tigers and selling their parts abroad.

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The head of “Vector” called the combination of coronavirus with Ebola as fiction

Plot of a new type of coronavirus pandemic that spread from China

Head of the Research Institute of Viral Infections FBSI SSC VB “ Vector '' Rospotrebnadzor Alexander Semenov said that the coronavirus cannot combine with Ebola due to the different genetic structure, RIA Novosti reports.

“ Combining Ebola with coronavirus '' this is something out of the realm of cheap Hollywood fiction. The coronavirus variant & mdash; neither omicron, nor alpha, delta, theta, nor any other future & mdash; will connect with the Ebola virus in the same way as a mermaid with a horse cannot give fruitful offspring, because they are arranged differently '', & mdash; he said.

At the same time, he noted that a person can get sick with both coronavirus and Ebola, it is impossible to predict the result in this case.

Recall that at the end of November he was in Botswana discovered a new variant of the coronavirus which was named the letter of the Greek alphabet “ omicron ''. Later it became known about the appearance of those infected with this type of virus in South Africa and other countries. It is assumed that changes in its genome indicate its high transmissibility and resistance to antibodies of those who have been ill and vaccinated.

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The Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation will clarify the list of medical cuts from vaccination against COVID-19 – Izvestia

Plot of a novel coronavirus pandemic that spread from China

The Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation is preparing an expanded list of contraindications for vaccination against coronavirus, the Izvestia newspaper writes.

According to a source familiar with the situation, the list may appear in mid-December. It is noted that an option is being discussed, according to which the list will become part of the temporary recommendations for vaccination.

“ Currently, a document is being developed at the ministry level. The project was sent to Rospotrebnadzor to clarify the algorithm for its application. Which diseases will be included in the list will be announced later '', & mdash; the source added.

Earlier, Tatyana Ruzhentsova, deputy director for clinical work of the Moscow Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology named after G. N. Gabrichevsky of the Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare, said that only a severe allergic reaction can be a contraindication to vaccination against coronavirus.

At the end of September, the American media wrote that those vaccinated with the Russian Sputnik V vaccine Since November, US authorities may refuse entry because the vaccine has not received WHO and US regulatory approval.

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Snow, ice and up to two degrees Celsius are expected in Moscow on Friday

Cloudy weather, snow and ice are expected in Moscow on Friday, December 3, according to the official website of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

According to meteorologists, during the day the air temperature in the capital will be from zero to plus two & nbsp; degrees. On Saturday night in the city it can get colder to minus three.

In the Moscow region during the day it is expected from minus two to plus three & nbsp; degrees. At nighttime, the thermometer can drop to minus six.

The wind is southwest, south at a speed of 6-11 meters per second. Atmospheric pressure will be 737 millimeters of mercury.

Previously, scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center, Roman Vilfand & nbsp; also told what will be the winter & nbsp; on the territory of European Russia.

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