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Fred again.. – Marco (And Everyone)* lyrics

Fred again..

Marco (And Everyone)* lyrics


Fred again.. – Marco (And Everyone)* lyrics

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Fred again.. – Tanya (Maybe Life)* lyrics

Fred again..

Tanya (Maybe Life)* lyrics


Fred again.. – Tanya (Maybe Life)* lyrics

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Fred again.. – Carlos (Interlude) * lyrics

Fred again..

Carlos (Interlude) * lyrics


Fred again.. – Carlos (Interlude) * lyrics

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Fred again.. – Carlos (Interlude) * lyrics
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Fred again.. – Tate (How I Feel)* lyrics

Fred again..

Tate (How I Feel)* lyrics


Fred again.. – Tate (How I Feel)* lyrics

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Fred again.. – Gigi (What You Went Through) * lyrics

Fred again..

Gigi (What You Went Through) * lyrics


Fred again.. – Gigi (What You Went Through) * lyrics

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Fred again.. – Roze (Forgive)* lyrics

Fred again..

Roze (Forgive)* lyrics


Fred again.. – Roze (Forgive)* lyrics

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Fred again.. – Catrin (The City) * lyrics

Fred again..

Catrin (The City) * lyrics


Fred again.. – Catrin (The City) * lyrics

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Kodak Black – Kahan (Last Year) lyrics

Kodak Black

Kahan (Last Year) lyrics

Featuring

Fred again..,


Kodak Black – Kahan (Last Year) lyrics

[Intro: FACESOUL]
It’s all love
Love
Heh, love is free
[Chorus: Kodak Black]
I was out my mind last year, ayy
Wonder where my mind had went, ayy
When I can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the drugs get between us
[Verse 1: Fred again..]
I was out of my mind last year
Wonder where my life half went
It was every night, it was evenings all fired up
Sleepin’ on the floor and stops
It was every night
Stay up, breathe in, breathe out
He learns to wear you down
I’m still tryna work it out, my God
[Pre-Chorus: Fred again..]
I was out my mind last year
It was every night last year
You were in my life last year
You were in my life last year
[Chorus: Kodak Black]
I was out my mind last year, ayy
Wonder where my mind had went, ayy
When I can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the drugs get between us
[Interlude]
I was there

It’s just hard to heal a wound when you’re in it
There’s gonna be someone out there that’s gonna see the beauty in me, that you don’t see
[Verse 2: Fred again..]
So, hold on, breathe in, breathe out
You learned to live without
And no light can change it now
Can I-
[Pre-Chorus: Fred again..]
I was out my mind last year
It was every night last year
You were in my life last year
You were in my life last year
[Chorus: Kodak Black]
I was out my mind last year, ayy
Wonder where my mind had went, ayy
When I can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the
When I can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the drugs get between us
[Outro: Fred again..]
It was every half mornin’
That I put my heart all in
You were in my life last year
You were in my life

Kodak Black – Kahan (Last Year) lyrics
lyrics.az

Fred again.. – Kahan (Last Year) lyrics

Fred again..

Kahan (Last Year) lyrics

Featuring

Kodak Black,


Fred again.. – Kahan (Last Year) lyrics

[Intro: FACESOUL]
It’s all love
Love
Heh, love is free
[Chorus: Kodak Black]
I was out my mind last year, ayy
Wonder where my mind had went, ayy
When I can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the drugs get between us
[Verse 1: Fred again..]
I was out of my mind last year
Wonder where my life half went
It was every night, it was evenings all fired up
Sleepin’ on the floor and stops
It was every night
Stay up, breathe in, breathe out
He learns to wear you down
I’m still tryna work it out, my God
[Pre-Chorus: Fred again..]
I was out my mind last year
It was every night last year
You were in my life last year
You were in my life last year
[Chorus: Kodak Black]
I was out my mind last year, ayy
Wonder where my mind had went, ayy
When I can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the drugs get between us
[Interlude]
I was there

It’s just hard to heal a wound when you’re in it
There’s gonna be someone out there that’s gonna see the beauty in me, that you don’t see
[Verse 2: Fred again..]
So, hold on, breathe in, breathe out
You learned to live without
And no light can change it now
Can I-
[Pre-Chorus: Fred again..]
I was out my mind last year
It was every night last year
You were in my life last year
You were in my life last year
[Chorus: Kodak Black]
I was out my mind last year, ayy
Wonder where my mind had went, ayy
When I can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the
When I can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the
Can’t believe I really let the drugs get between us
[Outro: Fred again..]
It was every half mornin’
That I put my heart all in
You were in my life last year
You were in my life

Fred again.. – Kahan (Last Year) lyrics
lyrics.az

The Kaliningrad Governor told how he transfers COVID-19

Photo: Still from video

Governor of the Kaliningrad Region Anton Alikhanov said that he was feeling well after receiving a positive test for coronavirus. He noted that he practically did not feel the symptoms of the disease.

Alikhanov went to self-isolation in his office. It is clarified that he passed the test before his business trip to Moscow.

The Governor shared information about his health on Instagram live. He said that he will be in self-isolation for the allotted time until he recovers.

Источник www.mk.ru

The first consignment of coal from the USA was delivered to Ukraine

Photo: pixabay.com

DTEK Energo reports that the first of seven ships with 60.5 thousand tons arrived in Ukraine coal on board from the United States.

The vessel docked at the port “Yuzhny”. It delivered coal destined for a state-owned thermal power plant.

It is planned that five of the seven ships will deliver coal from the United States and two from Colombia. DTEK Energo also expects supplies from Poland and Kazakhstan. All coal shipments are expected to arrive in Ukraine in November-January.

Источник www.mk.ru

Trump spoke out about the investigation of his administration’s fight against the pandemic

Photo: Still from video

Former US President Donald Trump called a” witch hunt ” pandemic coronavirus. This is stated in a statement released by the Republican's press service.

He also accused the Democrats of trying to “discredit the achievements” of his administration. According to him, in the period from January to October 2021, more people died from COVID-19 in the United States than in all of 2020.

Previously, Politico reported that a special committee of the House of Representatives summoned the former head of the National Trade Council under the White House of Peter Navarro to testify about the actions of the Trump administration in the context of the pandemic.

Источник www.mk.ru

Volodin responded to the US on Putin’s presidency after 2024

The change of power will lead to the destruction of the country, Volodin believes

State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin commented on the initiative of US congressmen not to recognize Vladimir Putin as president if he is re-elected to this post in 2024. According to Volodin, such a reaction from Washington is “the best assessment of the correctness of the path and choice.” Russians.

Photo: kremlin.ru

The parliamentarian recalled that Moscow does not interfere in the American elections and expects the same from the overseas authorities. He also noted that “it’s not up to the US congressmen to decide who is and who isn’t the president of our country.” The Russians themselves will decide, Volodin emphasized.

“They are doing everything to weaken and then destroy us,” the speaker writes on his Telegram channel. “To do this, they need to change our power.”

Volodin noted that the American authors of such initiatives in the past “ admired Gorbachev, applauded Yeltsin, '' while the citizens of Russia faced trials.

“ Due to the weakness of the leaders of the state and the betrayal of the elites '', – he added.

The initiative not to recognize Putin as the president of Russia after 2024 was previously made by Congressmen Steve Cohen and Joe Wilson. The corresponding resolution was submitted to the House of Representatives. The text, among other things, states that there were violations in the previous elections in the Russian Federation, “which kept Putin in power,” because “it is illegal to continue his stay in power.” Cohen and Wilson also called the amendments to the Russian Constitution adopted in 2020 illegal and considered them a violation of Russia's international obligations.

The Federation Council promptly responded to the resolution, calling it interference in internal affairs. “In its pure form”, – noted the vice-speaker of the Federation Council Konstantin Kosachev. In the Foreign Ministry, the idea of ​​the US Congress was considered an “ autumnal madness '', in the Kremlin – ridiculous, aggressive and unfriendly.

Источник www.mk.ru

“The law on foreign agents is bad not in details, but in general”

Those who entered the register doubt that the amendments made to the State Duma will ease their fate

This week the story of attempts to amend the legislation on foreign agents continued. The HRC under the President and the Union of Journalists submitted amendments to the State Duma concerning the media and organizations recognized by foreign agents. Quite quickly, some of these amendments received the status of draft laws – they were submitted to the chamber by the Just Russia faction. These events may turn out to be indicators of significant changes in the country's internal policy.

Photo: Gennady Cherkasov

The obvious context for the amended story was as follows. Last week, the Prosecutor General's Office sent a petition to the court to liquidate one of the oldest Russian human rights organizations, Memorial. He is included in the official register of NPO-foreign agents, and is accused, among other things, of not complying with the requirements of the relevant legislation.

Then amendments were submitted to the Duma Committee on Information Policy, the meaning of which is to remove the ambiguity in the norms that determine the procedure for entering citizens and organizations into the relevant registers. And there was information that the date of the traditional meeting of President Vladimir Putin with members of the Human Rights Council, who, most likely, will try to find out the attitude of the head of state to his initiatives, including the amendments, has been approved – December 9.

at the end of this week, two Nobel laureates, Mikhail Gorbachev and Dmitry Muratov, expressed their opposition to the possibility of closing Memorial in an appeal to the authorities.

As regards the actual amendments to the law on foreign agents, there is no certainty yet. The HRC and the Union of Journalists of Russia propose to introduce two important innovations concerning the media and journalists, as well as public and human rights organizations: before one or another appears in the registers of foreign agents, they must be warned of violations, and the very entry into the registers must take place not by a closed departmental decision, but a court decision.

In addition, criteria are proposed by which it is assessed that the “foreign agent” is supported by some foreign entities: for example, an amount of 200 rubles cannot be considered such content – we should talk about proportionate figures. It is also proposed not to count the participation of the same journalists at conferences or exchanges where foreigners were in some minor roles – for example, they paid for tea in a buffet.

However, neither the HRC, nor the SJ have the right to submit bills. Therefore, the fact that the Duma faction of “Fair Russia” has taken up the amendments is very significant. The number of amendments officially introduced by the Russian spravoes included only those that relate to foreign media agents and citizens referred to them, and the amount of amounts that the court may consider as foreign content was proposed to be determined separately. But it is not enough to introduce a bill, it is necessary for the majority of the deputies to vote for it.

Why spravorassy are interested in only a part of the proposed HRC and SJ amendments? The deputy head of the faction, Dmitry Gusev, explains this by the fact that the SR followed its own path to its decision, so there is no point in comparing the lists of amendments. “The faction has its own position. We are in favor of an absolutely fair judicial procedure adopted throughout the world, including for the inclusion of organizations in foreign agents. Now this is happening by the decision of the relevant body, and we propose to do this through a warning at the first stage, and at the second – through the courts, so that there is no accidental entry of people into this database. There are costs “, – said the representative of” SR “. In addition, Dmitry Gusev suggested that everyone who has additional proposals send them to the faction – they can be taken into account. He also urged to wait with assessments of the prospects for supporting the initiative by other factions – only a few days have passed since the introduction of the bill.

Representatives of two factions – the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and “New People” are still limited to expressing general support for individual ideas. However, with all due respect to them, the fate of the amendments will not be decided by them, but by the United Russia faction. But given that a direct assessment of the initiative from the president is expected quite soon, the United Russia faction will not confuse the matter with impromptu.

As for the “foreign agents” themselves, in their assessments of the proposed legislative changes, as well as the reality of their adoption in general, they are very restrained, and pay attention to the fact that the amendments that have reached the State Duma are related only to the media and journalists, without affecting NPO.

Maria Kravchenko, head of department at the SOVA center recognized by the foreign agent, believes: “Of course, we can say that both of these amendments can to some extent improve the situation for different categories of foreign agents, but you need to keep in mind that by itself this law is written in such a way that everything related to the definition of political activity is formulated in it in an extremely vague way. And this is a very important point.

Any statement regarding criticism of the state of affairs in the country, any proposals for changing legislation – all this, combined with the receipt of some funds, can still lead to inclusion in the register. And you should not expect that the participation of the court will significantly improve the situation. Although, probably, it can slow down the volume and speed of inclusion of new people and organizations into the registers. ”

Lev Ponomarev, included in the list of individuals performing the functions of a media foreign agent, believes that if the legislation is clarified consistently, it will affect not only journalists: “The amendments that may be adopted will mainly concern journalists. For human rights defenders – I looked – they do not bring anything significant. The journalists have gathered, they have strong points: HRC, SJ …

The more fully these amendments are adopted, the better. Here is an important amendment (from HRC – Avt), how much interest (foreign funding – “MK”) received. Now I got a dollar – and that's it, hello. There will almost certainly be amendments from the authorities: not to enter into the register any funds that deal with health and so on. ”

Alexander Cherkasov, chairman of the council of the Memorial center recognized as a foreign agent, is, for obvious reasons, more harsh in wording: “The law on foreign agents is bad not in details, but in general. It must be abolished as such. It is based on false messages. … Well, it's like there was an amendment to streamline corporal punishment. This concerns the details, not the essence.

The very categories of media-foreign agents, individuals-media-foreign agents are a phantom. The amendments may slightly facilitate someone's existence, but they do not touch upon the essence that brings the general nonsense of the situation to the level of the norm. ”

take funds from a specific foreign source. Lev Ponomarev, for example, recalls that not so long ago human rights defenders and other public organizations had a completely legitimate alternative – Russian grants, and therefore many of today's “foreign agents” did not use foreign funds. The curtailment of these programs and the recommendation to business also not to provide support, in fact, raised the issue of either closing or looking for other sources. In turn, Alexander Cherkasov clearly does not believe that government-sanctioned funding can be non-binding.

Источник www.mk.ru

Satanovsky warned of preemptive strike on US nuclear bases in Europe

“The past world war is not enough for Poland”

European countries that are ready to accept US nuclear arsenals on their territory are at great risk. Because these arsenals of weapons of mass destruction are the primary targets for Russian missiles. This was stated by the well-known political scientist Yevgeny Satanovsky.

On the eve of NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the nuclear arsenals, which are now located on the territory of Germany, can be moved to the territory of Eastern Europe. Commenting on this statement in his Telegram channel, Yevgeny Satanovsky wrote that it is time to end all conversations about cooperation between Russia and NATO after such words. “The topic of cooperation with NATO, dialogue with NATO and other pleasures of Russian politicians and pro-Western experts has been closed completely. Although the fact that we were cheated and bred like little children was clear to anyone, ”the political scientist wrote.

According to him, the site of a future nuclear war, which has not been removed from the agenda at all and may break out at any moment, “it is not at all excluded that the states where nuclear weapons appear.” And it will be preventive or whatever else is not the point, “- said Satanovsky.

It is no coincidence, he wrote, that the Germans are squeezing NATO's nuclear arsenals out of their territory as best they can. “The last war was enough for them. But Poland and other former “countries of people's democracies”, obviously, it was not enough. Although in the event of a new type of war, physically little will remain of them, despite any assurances from NATO officials and the Americans, “he concluded.

Satanovsky critically assessed the level of the leaders of Poland and some other Eastern European countries, ready to host US nuclear weapons.

“Judging by what these people are doing, on command from the external control centers in Brussels and Washington, their present and any future prospects, be aware of this in the aforementioned leadership no one, – he wrote. – There is solid bone in the heads, no signs of thought processes and the presence of brains, as such, were found. Sorry. These countries, should something happen, the planet will miss. And we are used to them – not everyone likes to relax in Paris, London and Miami. ”

Источник www.mk.ru

Nuclear cruiser of the Northern Fleet fired in the Barents Sea

The Northern Fleet of the Russian Federation conducted anti-submarine exercises with firing, according to the press service of the Federation Council.

A nuclear submarine cruiser in the Barents Sea has worked out the use of torpedo weapons against an underwater target. “ Rival '' a submarine of one of the submarine forces of the Northern Fleet made a speech.

It is noted that the torpedo attack without a combat component of shells took place at a depth of about 100 meters. Later, a training torpedo was delivered to the Northern Fleet base. & Nbsp;

Also, the submarine's crew & nbsp; worked out evading an underwater & nbsp; attack of a simulated enemy. & Nbsp;

Last week, the Russian Black Sea Fleet conducted an exercise to find a submarine a conditional enemy against the background of the entry into the sea of ​​the US Navy ships. Crews of small anti-submarine ships 'Yeisk' and 'Kasimov' performed rocket and artillery fire at an aerial target.

Источник aif.ru

Russian cosmonauts will conduct training on manual docking of the new module

Cosmonauts Anton Shkaplerov and Pyotr Dubrov will conduct a training session on manual docking of the Nauka nodal module on the ISS.

“ On Monday we will have a training session. We will practice manual docking actions at the station with an instructor if something goes wrong, '' Shkaplerov said on the Soloviev Live YouTube channel.

He added that the crew members are practicing actions on manual docking before departure at the Cosmonaut Training Center on special simulators.

The Soyuz-2.1b rocket, which is to launch the Progress truck into orbit on November 24 with the 'Berth' module & nbsp; for the Russian segment of the ISS, is already at Baikonur.

The spacecraft is to dock at Nauka. November 26. 'Berth' will be the last module that Russia will add to its segment of the orbital station.

Источник aif.ru

How much will an air taxi cost?

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 46. Where will they not be allowed without a QR code? 11/17/2021

They say they want to launch an air taxi in big cities. How much will it cost?

Expert's answer 0 + –

The other day, the management of one of the companies that wants to provide air taxi services in the capital, named the prices: 200 rubles. for 1 km. 20-minute flight from the Kremlin to Moscow City will cost 4 thousand rubles. “ At first it will be a service for high-income citizens, but over time, prices may come down, & ndash; believes Fyodor Borisov, chief expert of the Institute for Transport Economics and Transport Policy at the Higher School of Economics. & ndash; But the problem is how to ensure safety and avoid collisions of air taxis with each other and other aircraft. I think it will take 5-7 years to implement this technology. I'm not even talking about the fact that flights over Moscow and other large cities are only possible with special permission. Next in & shy; asking & ndash; landing sites, because the drone will not land on the sidewalk, it needs a separate seat. This means that we need to make platforms on the roofs of houses or some kind of open spaces. ''

Источник aif.ru

Who is a Japanese policeman?

Japanese policeman & ndash; this is a phraseological unit that is used as an interjection (words that designate certain emotions and feelings in writing, but do not call them, – note AiF.ru). It is an exclamation expressing an extreme degree of surprise, says the Phraseological Dictionary of the Russian language (compiled by A.A. Legostaev, S.V. Loginov. & Ndash; Rostov n/D, 2003).

Where did the expression come from “ Japanese policeman? ''

This exclamation appeared in Russia at the end of the 19th century after the assassination attempt on the future Tsar Nicholas II in the Japanese city of Otsu. The local policeman attacked the Tsarevich. The assassination attempt had a strong resonance in Russia: people were surprised that a Japanese policeman, instead of ensuring the safety of people, attacked a man with a saber.

What is known about the assassination attempt?

In 1890-1891, the twenty-year-old Tsarevich Nikolai Alexandrovich went on a journey across Eurasia to get acquainted with the state structure and traditions of the Eastern & nbsp; countries. The trip lasted more than nine months, with Japan being the last destination.

The attempted assassination of the Tsarevich, dubbed the Otsu incident. happened on May 11 (April 29 old style) 1891. On this day, the Greek prince George , Tsarevich Nicholas and the Japanese prince Arisugawa Takehito departed from Kyoto to the city of Otsu, located on the shores of Lake Biwa. There they visited the Mii-dera temple, walked along the lake on a steamer and had breakfast at the governor's house.

At noon, the procession with representatives of the ruling dynasties headed for Kyoto. Due to the narrowness of the streets, they rode not in horse-drawn carriages, but in rickshaws. Nikolay was in the fifth wheelchair, Georg & ndash; in the sixth, and Arisugawa & ndash; in the seventh, other rickshaws were occupied by representatives of the Japanese authorities and members of the retinue. In Otsu, the procession was greeted by the Japanese waving flags, and the police followed the order.

As the rickshaws were driving along Shimo-Kogarasaki Street, one of the police officers, Tsuda Sanzo , suddenly rushed to Nikolai's carriage and managed to deliver two glancing blows with his saber. The Tsarevich jumped out of the carriage and started to run. Tsudu Sanzo was captured.

The Russian Tsarevich received wounds to his head, ear and hand. He was subsequently stitched. Although Nikolai's injuries were not severe, his father, Emperor Alexander III and the Russian Foreign Ministry decided to interrupt his trip to Japan.

Many members of the Japanese government feared that the assassination attempt could lead to war between the countries. Minister of the Interior Saigo Tsugumichi , Minister of Foreign Affairs Aoki Shuzo and Minister of Justice Yamada Akiyoshi have resigned, Governor of Shiga Prefecture where Otsu is located , Oki Morikata was fired.

Police Tsuda Sanzo wanted to be sentenced to death, but at that time there was no article that punished attacks on representatives of royal families and missions of foreign states accepted. As a result, the crime was qualified as attempted murder, and the court sentenced the policeman to hard labor for life. A few months after the judgment, Tsuda Sanzo died in a prison on the island of Hokkaido, according to the official version, from pneumonia. & Nbsp;

Источник aif.ru

Phone on your tongue. How smartphones affect children’s speech

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 46. Where will they not be allowed without a QR code? 17/11/2021

Why do more and more children record violations in the & nbsp; development of speech? When should I contact a & nbsp; speech therapist? What toys and & nbsp; activities to choose for a & nbsp; child?

About & nbsp; this AiF spoke to & nbsp; & laquo; Educator of the Year of Russia & nbsp; & ndash; 2021 '', a teacher-speech therapist of a kindergarten from & nbsp; Rybinsk, Yaroslavl region. Olga Khitrova.

& ndash; When I came to work in a kindergarten, 50% of preschoolers did not need the & nbsp; help of a speech therapist. Now only 1 & ndash; 2 children in the & nbsp; group have no violations in the & nbsp; development of speech, the rest need correction. And & nbsp; neurological conditions are not always to blame. One of the & nbsp; reasons & nbsp; & ndash; excessive passion for gadgets, an incredible amount of information that children are forced to perceive. Kids already at & nbsp; one year old are sitting with smartphones in & nbsp; hands. I & nbsp; understand parents who give their child a phone to be able to go about their business or get some rest. But when a child does not take any other toys in his & nbsp; hands, watches videos for hours and & nbsp; presses the & nbsp; buttons, then he has no need to communicate with the & nbsp; outside world. Hence the & nbsp; slowdown in speech development. In reality, a child can play on a & nbsp; tablet, watch cartoons for 15 & ndash; 20 minutes in a & nbsp; day. No more. & Nbsp;

You can play both & nbsp; with wallpaper and & nbsp; with threads

& ndash; When should you contact a & nbsp; speech therapist?

& ndash; At & nbsp; 4 years old, the child should get a & nbsp; consultation with a & nbsp; speech therapist. Of course, if there are explicit probes & shy; lems & nbsp; & ndash; a child in & nbsp; 2 & ndash; 3 years does not speak, pronounces only separate & shy; ny words or his speech until & nbsp; still resembles the humming of a baby, he does not hear the speech addressed to him, does not react to & nbsp; sounds, emotions, gestures & nbsp; & ndash; no need to wait four years. The sooner the correctional work begins, the more chances that it will be possible to achieve a successful result.

& ndash; What toys are useful?

& ndash; All objects in the & nbsp; surrounding space can be used for the & nbsp; development of children & nbsp; & ndash; carpet, wallpaper, threads. It turns out such a logo board, with the & nbsp; help of which the child turns on imagination and & nbsp; creates. I even use the popular toy pop-it & nbsp; in my & nbsp; & ndash; with its help, we automate and differentiate sounds, practice the skills of word formation and inflection, work on the syllable structure of the word. The child pronounces syllables by clicking on the & nbsp; pimples, literally feels them on the & nbsp; fingertips and & nbsp; memorizes the correct pronunciation. We use the mirror as a board, on which we and & nbsp; children paint with lipstick, create a foam field. So the motivation of children to & nbsp; use & shy; ration of speech disorders turns out to be much higher. & Nbsp;

I try to develop positive thinking in the & nbsp; classes. If something has not worked out now, you need not get upset, but & nbsp; analyze the reasons, look for other solutions. Then, in adulthood, there are more chances that, faced with & nbsp; probes & shy; lemma, they will not bury their heads in the & nbsp; sand, but & nbsp; try to find an alternative way out.

Do not project your ambitions onto the & nbsp; child

& ndash; Some parents, almost from & nbsp; year, drag their child along & nbsp; various developmental activities. Is it worth the rush?

& ndash; For a & nbsp; child of senior dosha & shy; age additional classes, for example, drawing, chess, will facilitate learning to write, counting. But you can't go too far, otherwise the child's fatigue increases, immunity decreases. And & nbsp; here with & nbsp; foreign you should not rush to & nbsp; school. You must first put on all the sounds of your native speech, and & nbsp; then learn another language.

Modern children are unique, they absorb new information like sponges. But you need to give the child the opportunity to understand what he wants to do. Do not project your ambitions onto & nbsp; him, giving to the & nbsp; sections in which you yourself were engaged in & nbsp; children & shy; st, but did not succeed.

& ndash; But many believe that children should be forced.

& ndash; Adults have more experience, they know their children, so they understand whether this or that activity will be useful. There are sports in & nbsp; which bring children from & nbsp; an early age. There is no point in waiting for the child to mature and & nbsp; wants. And & nbsp; nevertheless, if he cries before each lesson, then why force? Perhaps in a year he will change his mind, and & nbsp; it will be possible to try to return to & nbsp; this lesson. It is wiser to choose a direction in which you can give your child the maximum, based on & nbsp; your capabilities, what your region is famous for in & nbsp; sports or education, so that it shows abilities, and & nbsp; didn’t just spend time on & nbsp; general development. & Nbsp;

Tips for parents

  • Every day, find time that you can devote only to your child, without being distracted by & nbsp; phone, TV, work.
  • Use for & nbsp; communication time while walking together in & nbsp; kindergarten, shop. Ask what happened during the day, what you learned, who you didn’t make friends with, tell us what & nbsp; did you have at your & nbsp; job.
  • Go to the cinema, theater, museums and & nbsp; be sure to discuss what you see later.
  • Bake a cake or cookie with your child. Sculpting from & nbsp; dough develops fine motor skills, which is closely related to & nbsp; speech.
  • While the baby is not yet talking, speech therapists recommend that mothers paint their lips with bright lipstick so that the child focuses on & nbsp; them attention and & nbsp; learns correct articulation.

By the way

The child should:

  • at 3 months of age play different sounds. If he only speaks vowels, he probably & nbsp; has hearing problems;
  • after 1 year & nbsp; understand direction words and & nbsp; words & ndash; names of subjects;
  • by & nbsp; 2 years to understand speech addressed to & nbsp; and & nbsp; to answer it;
  • by & nbsp; 3 years to have in the lexicon all the main parts of speech and vocabulary up to & nbsp; 1 , 5 & nbsp; thous. words.

Источник aif.ru

Medical detective. Were there any medical detectives in history?

The first season of the Voskresensky TV series has ended. Not & nbsp; without reason, his hero was called the Russian Sherlock Holmes. I wonder if the detective doctor had a real prototype? And & nbsp; in general, were there & nbsp; in history, doctors who moonlight as detectives?

We & nbsp; conducted our own investigation and & nbsp; found something interesting. If we talk about & nbsp; Arkady Gavrilovich, this is the name of the main character of the series, then & nbsp; his image is tailored according to & nbsp; image and & nbsp; likeness not & nbsp; of some specific doctor, but & nbsp; the main detective of all times and & nbsp; peoples.

Elementary, Watson!

And & nbsp; the prototype of Holmes himself was a surgeon known in & nbsp; England & nbsp; & mdash; Professor Joseph Bell … Deductive method & nbsp; & mdash; his creative idea, he amazed all his contemporaries with it. Only after looking at the & nbsp; patient, and & nbsp; not asking & nbsp; a single question, Bell told the students what kind of & nbsp; man he was, who he & nbsp; works, where he lives and & nbsp; brought a lot of other facts from & nbsp; his life. Conan Doyle saw this many, many times, because while studying at the University of Edinburgh, he was Bell's assistant. Many such stories he & nbsp; included in his detective epic. The only demonstration of this method was not & nbsp; surgeon Bell, but & nbsp; Detective Holmes.

Remember his first meeting with & nbsp; Watson, when immediately after greeting Sherlock says: “ I see you & nbsp; came from & nbsp; Afghanistan. '' The doctor was shocked. But & nbsp; then he & nbsp; observed the accuracy of Holmes' deductive method all the time. Conan Doyle himself did not & nbsp; hide who was the prototype of the famous detective. In & nbsp; his memoirs, he & nbsp; wrote: “It is not surprising that, knowing a man like J. Bell, I used and & nbsp; developed his methods when I later tried to create the image of a detective.” So Holmes has the brains of a doctor. And & nbsp; this is understandable, because the deductive method is very close to & nbsp; so-called clinical thinking. By the & nbsp; will of the author, the detective owned it & nbsp; better than a professional doctor & nbsp; & mdash; Watson.

Dr. Joseph Bell. Source: Public Domain

There was a real detective doctor, and & nbsp; you & nbsp; know him

But & nbsp; was there a real doctor in the & nbsp; story who used this kind of thinking in & nbsp; detective investigations? Hardly & nbsp; were there a lot of them, we managed to find only one. And & nbsp; you & nbsp; know him. This is the greatest medics of all time and & nbsp; peoples & nbsp; & mdash; William Harvey … It was he & nbsp; in & nbsp; 1628 & nbsp; g. was the first to describe the systemic circulation, showing the delusional nature of all past ideas about the & nbsp; work of the heart and & nbsp; vessels. Experimental and deductive methods helped him to make a discovery. But & nbsp; his discovery was met with hostility, rational thought then was not & nbsp; in & nbsp; honor. Scientists continued to adhere to dogma, and & nbsp; not & nbsp; facts. And & nbsp; in & nbsp; that & nbsp; time there was a very active hunt for witches.

Rejection of Harvey's colleagues did not & nbsp; and & nbsp; from & nbsp; his views he did & nbsp; did & nbsp; refuse. His reputation remained high, and & nbsp; he & nbsp; became not & nbsp; just King Charles' medic & nbsp; I , but & nbsp; and & nbsp; close to & nbsp; man. As a doctor, he often accompanied the monarch on his trips around the country. In & nbsp; 1632, they arrived in the town of Newmarket, where they told Harvey about a & nbsp; local witch, who was helped in & nbsp; black affairs by her & nbsp; toad. The scientist did not & nbsp; very much believe in & nbsp; these miracles, and & nbsp; he had a plan for the most real detective investigation. He decided to check if this woman was really a witch or not.

Hunt for & nbsp; witches

In modern terms, William Harvey conducted a special operation, infiltrating the & nbsp; lair of the witch. He & nbsp; came to & nbsp; her and & nbsp; introduced himself as a sorcerer. The scientist played this role successfully, the woman believed him, and feeling a kindred spirit, she even showed her familiar (assistant). After clicking her tongue, she called the toad out from under the closet and & nbsp; gave her milk. Harvey suggested to “ wash '' acquaintance, and & nbsp; gave a shilling, asked her & nbsp; to bring beer. While she went after & nbsp; him, the great anatomist was engaged in a business well known to him. He & nbsp; opened the toad, and & nbsp; saw that it was completely ordinary. Exactly the same & nbsp; as & nbsp; dozens, if not & nbsp; hundreds of others that Harvey has dissected earlier.

I must say that he & nbsp; opened a huge number of various animals, sometimes still alive. By practicing vivisection, Harvey and & nbsp; laid the foundations of physiology. I understand that animal activists will not really & nbsp; like it, but & nbsp; it's a fact. I am not & nbsp; too & nbsp; delighted with & nbsp; this cruel method of research, but & nbsp; I am aware that without it modern medicine & nbsp; would not be & nbsp;. We can say that Harvey was the first physiologist: vivisectors were & nbsp; before & nbsp; but & nbsp; very few people did it with & nbsp; benefit for science and & nbsp; got as much important information about & nbsp; the work of the body as & nbsp; he did. However, and & nbsp; anatomy remained very close to him. For & nbsp; throughout his life, he almost & nbsp; did not & nbsp; dissect troupes every day, lecturing to students and & nbsp; doing his own research.

William Harvey. Photo: Public Domain

Scientific logic and & nbsp; common sense

The fact that the witch's familiar was no & nbsp; different from & nbsp; other toads, according to & nbsp; Harvey's opinion irrefutably testified that a woman does not & nbsp; possess any witchcraft, and & nbsp; to be afraid of her & nbsp; charms does not & nbsp; itself should she considered herself a witch). But & nbsp; he soon had to regret the & nbsp; results of his investigation, when the woman returned, she attacked the & nbsp; scientist and & nbsp; was ready to tear him to pieces in & nbsp; reality, no & nbsp; resorting to any & nbsp; & nbsp; any magic. Only his intellect saved him. Harvey managed to explain that he & nbsp; saved a woman from & nbsp; certain death, which she & nbsp; shone like a witch. And & nbsp; that & nbsp; he allegedly came to & nbsp; her on the & nbsp; assignment of the king to check whether she was a witch or not. And & nbsp; if & nbsp; would have really turned out to be a witch, then & nbsp; her days & nbsp; were numbered. These rational arguments reached the & nbsp; women, and & nbsp; she forgave the great scientist for the death of her beloved toad.

In the & nbsp; head of the commission for the & nbsp; search for witches

After that, Harvey no longer conducted active detective investigations. But & nbsp; in & nbsp; as a forensic scientist, he was involved in the & nbsp; investigation of crimes. So, in & nbsp; 1634 & nbsp; g. King Charles I & nbsp; involved Harvey in the & nbsp; examination of four women accused of & nbsp; witchcraft. It was necessary to find the secret signs of the witch on their & nbsp; body. It could be either skin areas that are insensitive to pain, or nipples, which, as it was believed, the witch used to feed a toad, rat, spider or some other helper. All these signs of a witch were given in the & nbsp; book Demonology, which was written by Charles' father & nbsp; I, ​​the King of England and & nbsp; Jacob I of Scotland . Harvey headed the commission, which included surgeons and midwives. & Nbsp; three women did not have any signs, and & nbsp; the fourth one found two such stigmata at once. One, as noted in the & nbsp; examination protocol, was similar to & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; nipple & raquo;, the second & nbsp; & mdash; on & nbsp; normal female nipple. That was enough to send her to the & nbsp; bonfire. But & nbsp; Harvey saved the woman by describing these formations in detail, and & nbsp; showing that their resemblance to & nbsp; nipples is only external, and & nbsp; that neither & nbsp; milk, nor & nbsp; any other juices they can not & nbsp; can emit.

Soon the witches' trials began to fade.

Источник aif.ru

Thousands of leagues from home. How Andrey Vorobets got stuck in Brazil for 1.5 years

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 46. Where will they not be allowed without a QR code? 17/11/2021

Pass Cape Horn & nbsp; & ndash; he dreamed of being a boy, running along the & nbsp; streets of tiny Yelizov in & nbsp; Kamchatka. But I could not even imagine that storms, fogs and & nbsp; “ violent forties. '' What epithets did the travelers give to the cursed place in the & nbsp; south of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago. Attractive and & nbsp; scary at the same time & hellip; Today Andrey Vorobets , who celebrated his 60th birthday in & nbsp; in August, and & nbsp; himself will not say why in his usual Soviet childhood a dream suddenly appeared to go around Cape Horn, which did not even succumb to Magellan and & nbsp; Drake. From & nbsp; Komsomolsk-on-Amur, where Andrei appeared on the & nbsp; world, his parents almost immediately transported him to & nbsp; washed by the seas and & nbsp; Kamchatka. But after school, he suddenly chose & hellip; sky.

& ndash; The first education at & nbsp; me aviation: helicopters, aircraft engines, & nbsp; & ndash; says Sparrow. & nbsp; & ndash; Graduated from the Vyborg School. Then at the & nbsp; Irkutsk Institute he studied to be a & nbsp; drilling foreman, worked in & nbsp; specialty. And & nbsp; further & nbsp; & ndash; 1990s. Free flight. Small business. It was necessary to somehow survive and & nbsp; feed the family. & Nbsp; & nbsp;

Ilha Grande island, where the traveler lived for almost a year. Photo: From personal archive/Andrey Vorobets.

Contrary to Fate

One story pushed the Sparrow's adventures to & nbsp; In & nbsp; 2003, on the & nbsp; day of the Navy, he decided to conquer one of the & nbsp; home volcanoes of Kamchatka & nbsp; & ndash; Koryaksky (3456 m). The company got together. We got up easily. We should have reached the & nbsp; peak, when suddenly a glacier blocked the path. And & nbsp; people in & nbsp; sneakers, some & nbsp; & ndash; so almost in & nbsp; slippers & hellip;

& ndash; It was an FAIL exam. I & nbsp; understood that mountains do not like amateurs. Enrolled in the & nbsp; alpine club and & nbsp; three years later conquered Lenin Peak. But that was one dream. The second & nbsp; & ndash; about & nbsp; around the world & nbsp; & ndash; I & nbsp; only voiced my friend, with & nbsp; and & nbsp; I was planning to make a hike. & Nbsp; he had a yacht, we started preparing it, collecting money.

Circumstances developed so that nothing came of that idea. “ Not destiny! '' & nbsp; & ndash; another would say. The sparrow is & nbsp; & ndash; like a shot sparrow. The dream remained. And & nbsp; it must come true.

& ndash; You know, & nbsp; & ndash; says Andrey on the & nbsp; phone, and & nbsp; I feel his wide smile across thousands of kilometers. & nbsp; & ndash; I have serious hypertension. So I & nbsp; and thought: what's the difference where died & hellip; sorry, to end the earthly path & nbsp; & ndash; on the & nbsp; couch at home or fighting for life in the & nbsp; sea? Well, really?

And & nbsp; Andrey bought his own boat & nbsp; & ndash; OE-32 “ Sea Sparrow '' And & nbsp; then flew to & nbsp; Kamchatka & nbsp; & ndash; prepare for & nbsp; around the world.

& ndash; My pension & nbsp; 18,000 rubles. (I went out at & nbsp; 55 years old). Yes, there were savings & nbsp; & ndash; in recent years he has been successfully working as a realtor. But looking at the & nbsp; map of South America hanging in the & nbsp; kitchen, I & nbsp; understood that a sea voyage & nbsp; & ndash; the event is unpredictable. & nbsp;

Yacht “ Sea Sparrow '', on which Andrey Vorobets sailed to Brazil. Photo: From personal archive/Andrey Vorobets

Andrey took courses, received a skipper's certificate, registration, callsign. There was only a fellow traveler. And & nbsp; he began to look for him in & nbsp; social networks. The sparrow was sure: like & nbsp; in the mountains, in the & nbsp; sea there are no random people. Replied Slava & nbsp; & ndash; guy from & nbsp; Ukraine. And & nbsp; 17 September 2019 & nbsp; g. a crew of & nbsp; composed of two people went out to the & nbsp; Baltic Sea, heading for & nbsp; the island of Gotland.

& ndash; Autumn storms began in the & nbsp; Baltic. And & nbsp; when we went to the Rhone (the river in front of Marseille), we got into the & nbsp; monstrous mistral. We barely dodged. & Nbsp;

“ We are not talking about politics! ''

Cities, countries, fellow travelers changed. And & nbsp; Andrey continued to go to & nbsp; his goal. To the & nbsp; dream that I carried in my heart for half a century.

& ndash; Citizens of Russia, Ukraine, Estonia visited the boat with me. But we have established an ironclad rule: we enjoy & nbsp; life, enjoy nature, the elements and & nbsp; do not talk about politics.

Nature, meanwhile, threw new surprises. Somehow I had to climb 300 km up the & nbsp; course of the Rhine. & Nbsp;

& ndash; I & nbsp; went on a yacht, and & nbsp; pedestrians overtook me, & nbsp; & ndash; laughs Andrey. & nbsp; & ndash; As a result, I got stranded on the & nbsp; not indicated on the & nbsp; map. Police appeared on the shore, flashing lights, the whole Bundeswehr seemed to be about to look at the & nbsp; boat stuck in the middle of the Rhine.

Storms, aground, a huge piece of cellophane wrapped around the & nbsp; screw & hellip; But every time Andrey was lucky with & nbsp; people who came to & nbsp; help on time. Then, in & nbsp; Germany, a police officer said: “ You ran aground in the & nbsp; right place & nbsp; & ndash; There's a crane nearby. '' And & nbsp; volunteers towed the yacht free of charge.

At & nbsp; Tenerife, Sparrow was joined by hitchhiker Yegor, who dreamed of & nbsp; South America. “ You're in luck, boy, here's a passing horse '', & nbsp; & ndash; said Sparrow. At the same time, the & nbsp; boat had neither a life raft, nor a satellite phone & hellip; Two on a & nbsp; boat. And & nbsp; one fate for & nbsp; two. “ I agree '', & nbsp; & ndash; the guy answered. & nbsp;

It was March 2020. In & nbsp; Tenerife, travelers out of their ears heard about the & nbsp; quarantine. But Andrei then was not up to & nbsp; this & nbsp; & ndash; he continued to move towards the & nbsp; dream. 7 days later, at night, the yacht was off the coast of Cape Verde, the port of Mindelo. The next morning Andrey planned to move the boat to the & nbsp; marina. He looks, and & nbsp; on the pontoon the worker waves his hands: “ No! No! Quarantine! '' Everywhere there are posters with & nbsp; the same inscriptions. And & nbsp; no parking.

& ndash; We were anchored first, then a buoy. Immediately a boat arrived with & nbsp; doctors & nbsp; & ndash; all in & nbsp; gloves, masks, stood against the wind, gave us alcohol & nbsp; & ndash; rub your hands. And & nbsp; they themselves say: a pandemic is & nbsp; all over the world, the shore cannot be & nbsp;

The yacht stood on the & nbsp; buoy for a week. Thanks to the local & nbsp; & ndash; the products were transferred to the & nbsp; pole and the hoses were thrown so that water and & nbsp; fuel could be poured. There was only one & nbsp; & ndash; continue on the way. Heading straight to & nbsp; Rio. And & nbsp; that's 3000 miles.

“I believe and & nbsp; hope!”

& ndash; After 28 days in the & nbsp; ocean, we reached the “ city of dreams ''. We stood at the & nbsp; guest pier. An employee of the yacht club immediately appeared. And & nbsp; we are already with a legend: they say, there is a problem with the & nbsp; engine, there is water in the hold. He: “ Stay calm, the director of the marina will come in the morning, we will decide everything. '' We are connected to & nbsp; electricity, water. The friendly Brazilians made us feel welcome. Very positive people, always ready to help.

By the & nbsp; word, & nbsp; Andrey has broken English, and & nbsp; has a google translator in his pocket. But he assures that there are no problems with & nbsp; understanding. Even though they look at & nbsp; here as an & nbsp; alien from & nbsp; another planet and & nbsp; a money bag looms in front of everyone's eyes. April 22, 2020 Andrey and & nbsp; Egor came to & nbsp; Rio. In & nbsp; May, on an export flight, a fellow traveler flew to & nbsp; Russia. The sparrow was left alone. With & nbsp; boat. And & nbsp; with a purpose that never & nbsp; did not reach & hellip; & nbsp;

First stood on the buoy in Rio, preparing the Sea Sparrow to & nbsp; onward journey, there he also made friends with & nbsp; local yachtsman Mauricio . And & nbsp; on the island of Ilya Grande, I met the owner of a yacht shop, 73-year-old Donna Alaid , and & nbsp; spent eight months there. He worked as a driver, security guard. Repaired generators, pumps, plumbing. Digging gardens & hellip;

& ndash; For this they fed me and & nbsp; allowed free parking. They even offered a salary, but I & nbsp; refused. Thanks and & nbsp; on that. Ilya-Grande & nbsp; & ndash; heavenly place & hellip;

Now Andrey is in & nbsp; the city of Guaruja, at the & nbsp; shipyard 'Pier 26'. I did all the dirty work on repairing the boat myself. But money is still not enough & nbsp; & ndash; the yacht is 44 & nbsp; years old, the last two she was in an & nbsp; aggressive marine environment, overcame storms. Repair of the hull, sails, rigging, parking & nbsp; & ndash; all this translates into & nbsp; thousands of dollars, which the dreamer does not have. But at the beginning of December Sparrow must leave the shipyard. To rush towards the dream again.

& ndash; Today I & nbsp; understand that I was not fully prepared for the & nbsp; hike. The route is very serious. I don’t know how it will turn out. But I believe and & nbsp; hope. What else remains? Sorry, the working day begins. People are going & hellip;

Andrey hangs up. And & nbsp; then sends a few emojis with & nbsp; thumbs up. Everything will be fine!

Источник aif.ru

Can a lie detector be tricked? Everything you didn’t know about the polygraph

AiF.ru spoke with forensic expert, polygraph examiner Dmitry Zinoviev and found out what kind of people turn to the help of a lie detector, and whether it is possible to deceive him.

Nadezhda Uvarova, AIF: Dmitry, who are they & mdash; your clients? & nbsp;

Dmitry Zinoviev: & nbsp; For research using a polygraph, investigating authorities and courts apply to & ndash; those whose competence is to establish truth and justice. And also employers who need to either select and screen candidates for the position, or conduct an internal investigation of significant events: theft, malpractice, disclosure of confidential information. Basically & nbsp; checks for the presence of various kinds of addictions, involvement in some types of crimes. Ordinary people also come when they select personnel to work in the house, on suspicion of adultery. Or if a child over 14 years of age is suspected of having addictions. Also, a polygraph may be required when entering military service.

It is important to say here that voluntary consent to verification is mandatory. Without this consent, the polygraph procedure will not be carried out. Also, you cannot carry out the procedure in relation to children under & nbsp; 14 years old, people with mental illness or disorders, with cardiovascular or respiratory diseases in the acute stage, as well as pregnant women.

For each call & mdash; & nbsp; history, which is to be clarified using the results of the polygraph examiner's work. Somewhere big money and the company's success are at stake, somewhere personal safety and comfort. But & nbsp; in general & nbsp; at the center is always human life.

& mdash; & nbsp; Does the detector have one hundred percent correct result?

& mdash; & nbsp; Science claims : The accuracy of the result ranges from 85% to 95%. Obviously, the results of a polygraph are more accurate than checking a job seeker or household helper using his natal chart or horoscope of the zodiac sign.

& mdash; & nbsp; How is the testing process going? Like on TV, fast and easy?

& mdash; & nbsp; Each research begins with a stage called the pre-test conversation. We establish contact, adapt the subject to the environment, clarify the person's condition and explain the testing procedure and rules. If a person agrees to be tested, then we talk about biography, health, hobbies, recall the topic of the research (what questions will be asked about). This conversation helps to relieve tension, relieve feelings of fear. After that, the polygraph examiner discusses the topics of the questions with the expert so that they are understandable and do not cause unexpected reactions: anger, surprise, misunderstanding. Then the specialist explains the procedure itself: during the polygraph test, all questions are asked only after a preliminary discussion; tests are voiced several times (from 3 to 5), the questions will be the same, but in a different order. Usually, during testing, several tests are presented, consisting of 5-15 questions, and all of them are discussed in advance with the subject. Then, instructions are given on the procedure for conducting polygraph testing, the polygraph examiner installs the sensors on the body and presents an introductory test, the questions of which were previously discussed. They must be answered clearly: yes or no. After each test, a break is taken for 1 to 2 minutes. During the test, the subject should get comfortable, sit quietly. A break is announced to satisfy natural needs so as not to overwork the person and not distort his reactions for the polygraph.

The entire testing procedure takes place using audio and video recording. This is necessary to record the study and its results. & Nbsp;

& mdash; How long does the testing process take?

& mdash; The optimal duration of the procedure is from 2 to 4 hours, on average about 2.5 hours.

If the research concerns a large volume of tasks, then it is carried out in stages on different days. The ideal conditions for polygraph testing are considered to be the morning after quality sleep and a light breakfast of the subject.

& mdash; & nbsp; How much does the service cost for the customer?

& mdash; & nbsp ; The cost of the study varies depending on the tasks: their number, volume, as well as the status of the polygraph examiner & mdash; & nbsp; expert or specialist. On average, research costs about 30,000 rubles.

& mdash; & nbsp; Which tests are the most difficult for you?

& mdash; & nbsp; The worst category of cases & mdash; & nbsp; cases of child abuse. But fear is replaced by a desire to help the investigating authorities and the court to sort out this case and find the truth. It is also difficult to seek the truth when people, after a while, change their testimony to the opposite. And here polygraph testing comes to the rescue, which can be combined with psychological and linguistic research. After one of these studies, my colleagues and I saw an expert on one of the TV shows, where he tried to prove that he had slandered an acquaintance who had been convicted of a crime. Although the research carried out indicated the involvement of the convicted person in the crime.

& mdash; & nbsp; Were there any funny stories?

& mdash; & nbsp; From a curious, I recall the following case: a woman asked for a polygraph test, whose husband found a video on a famous porn site allegedly with her participation in the interior of their apartment. In the video, the woman's face was not visible, only her body with her partner. But the curbstone in the corner and the color of the walls of the room in which the action took place became a reinforced concrete argument for the husband of the customer. The woman could not independently convince her husband of her innocence, and our experts in video technical expertise could not convince him either. Therefore, she applied for a polygraph test and was able to prove to her husband that the porn actress was not her. We do not know how their family life developed, but they left us holding hands.

Quite often, polygraph examiners are asked to investigate thefts. And sometimes it is enough for the security service of an organization to get our consent to research in order to uncover a whole chain of thefts: people themselves tell the truth, knowing that it will be revealed anyway. In this way, we have helped several businesses preserve their money and reputation.

I remember a case related to the investigation of the disappearance of a pet. The family was very worried that their dear dog was gone. Therefore, all family members were ready to undergo a polygraph. As a result, it turned out that the grandmother of the family knew about the disappearance of the pet. Subsequently, the customers said that they found the dog in one of the dog shelters.

& mdash; & nbsp; Are the subjects deceiving?

& mdash; & nbsp; I am always impressed by the dissonance of appearance and personality. For example, a person is being interviewed for an important position in a large company. Looks pretty decent, well-groomed. And during the study it turns out that he has long been addicted to alcohol or drugs. With this addiction, the interview does not end in his favor. It's always sad that addictions are destroying someone's dream.

There was one story that our company calls the Button Puncture. A large corporation was looking for a top manager. During the interview, the polygraph examiner had to ask questions from the HR department. But, as expected, control questions are asked first, to which the answer is known, in order to calibrate the equipment and set control points. At this moment, the polygraph recorded absolutely inadequate reactions. At first I thought it was a hardware problem, but some of the answers were fixing as they should & nbsp; under standard procedure. Then I asked the question head-on, is the candidate trying to deceive us by using an object that causes pain? And he explained: if he decided to use a movie trick such as a button in a boot under the heel, then without practice it will not work. To deceive, you need control of pain, pulse, knowledge of how to apply pressure, so that the polygraph would consider it a normal reaction, and most importantly – & mdash; repeated workouts, where every mistake is recorded, and then the person tries again and again. As a result, & nbsp; the subject gave a really honest answer: “ Yes, this is a button, sorry, in the movies it seemed easier than it really is. '' He did not receive the position. Although, as the employee of the company who was present at the interview later admitted, this candidate was one of the best. And if not for an attempt at deception, he had every chance. Since then, the “ Puncture on the button '' makes you smile.

& mdash; & nbsp; Dmitry, how widespread is the use of a polygraph in our country?

& mdash; & nbsp; The use of a polygraph is most common in operational-search work, during which the main circumstances of crimes are established. Courts also often turn to such studies in case of conflicting evidence or suspicions of a slander, the compulsion of this testimony. I think that the practice of using polygraph research will expand along with the growth of confidence in such examinations.

& mdash; & nbsp; Do courts accept the assessment of a polygraph examination as evidence?

& mdash; & nbsp; Courts certainly accept the opinions of polygraph examiners as admissible evidence.

However, you need to understand that in the course of the trial, the body of evidence is assessed. That is, it is extremely rare that everything happens like in a movie: a court participant came, slammed on the table with the conclusion of a polygraph examiner, and that's it, the course of the case turned upside down.

& mdash; & nbsp; So is it possible to deceive lie detector?

& mdash; & nbsp; The device itself cannot be deceived, but it is quite possible to try to deceive a specialist. It should be understood that psychophysiological studies using a polygraph have been carried out for a long time, therefore all methods of counteraction (this is how they are methodically called) are described in the methodological literature. The effectiveness of methods to deceive a polygraph depends on many factors: on the technique used by the polygraph examiner, the personal qualities of the subject, the qualifications of the specialist.

There are mental (self-hypnosis, thought transfer), physical (muscle contraction, changes in breathing), physiological (lack of sleep, physical activity before the study), pharmacological ways of counteracting the PFI procedure (psychophysiological studies). All these methods are ineffective against most proven research methods and are always detected by experienced polygraph examiners. Therefore, I believe that it is almost impossible to deceive a qualified polygraph examiner and distort the results of a polygraph test.

& mdash; & nbsp; Where do they study to be a polygraph examiner?

& mdash; & nbsp; Basically & nbsp; become polygraph examiners after professional retraining. This specialized knowledge can be acquired in a variety of institutions, from departmental to private. After completing the training, the future polygraph examiner can receive a specialty bearing different names, but of the same content & mdash; a specialist in the field of application of methods of applied psychophysiology in order to assess the reliability of information provided by a person. And the expert specialty necessary for the production of forensic examinations is called “ Psychophysiological research in relation to a person using a polygraph. '' Also, a polygraph examiner can be awarded the qualification “ Forensic expert for conducting psychophysiological research using a polygraph. ''

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Mikhailov Day is celebrated in Russia

US plans to install hypersonic weapons on destroyers in 2025

Hypersonic weapons will begin to be supplied to the US Army in fiscal 2023, and in 2025 – to Zumwalt-class destroyers. From 2028, it will begin to appear on submarines

The United States will begin deploying hypersonic weapons to the military in fiscal 2023, then, over the next few years, destroyers and submarines, said US Navy Vice Admiral Johnny Wolfe, who oversees the Navy's strategic systems programs, reports Defense News. p>

“We're going to equip [hypersonic weapons] in the army in FY2023, and the first battery will be deployed there. We are also on track to [put it] on [class destroyers] Zumwalt in 2025. And then we're going to equip [submarines of the] Virginia class with them in 2028 when they get loading containers. We are exploring the possibility of doing it faster '', & mdash; said Wolfe.

Previously, the United States intended to supply hypersonic weapons to Ohio-class submarines by 2025, but this plan failed due to insufficient funding, the vice admiral explained.

In addition In fiscal 2022, the United States has planned two tests of hypersonic missiles.

At the end of September, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) reported on the successful launch of a hypersonic missile. It was launched from an airplane, after a few seconds its ramjet engine started.

A month later, the Pentagon reported three more launches. The US Navy explained that such missile launches “ fill the critical gap between ground tests and full-scale flight tests. '' the launch vehicle was out of order, so the launches had to be postponed.

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Источник rbc.ru

Russia and Israel to create a working group to combat COVID-19

The Israeli and Russian sides held talks in Moscow. They discussed coronavirus strains and vaccinations, and also agreed to create a working group on COVID-19 epidemiology

Russian Rospotrebnadzor and the Israeli Ministry of Health will create a special working group to more effectively counter coronavirus, Rospotrebnadzor said in a statement .

“ Given the large amount of accumulated data in Russia and Israel on countering COVID-19, an agreement was reached to create a special working group on the epidemiology of the new coronavirus infection '', & mdash; noted there.

The parties agreed on this during a meeting in Moscow between the head of the service Anna Popova and members of the Israeli delegation, which included the head of the headquarters for combating COVID-19, Professor Salmon Zarka and the director of the Department of Laboratory Diagnostics of the Ministry of Health of Israel, Yishai Ruth.

The meeting participants exchanged up-to-date data on the situation in Russia and Israel, as well as on the strains circulating in their territories.

“ The partners noted the wide coverage of testing for a new coronavirus infection in Russia and the high level of laboratory diagnostics, which makes it possible to obtain the results of a PCR test within 24 hours, as well as to carry out sequencing of strains, which is especially important in connection with the emergence of new variations of coronaviruses, '' & mdash; Rospotrebnadzor said in a statement.

Vaccination and its role in stopping the pandemic were also discussed at the meeting. “ It was thanks to large-scale vaccinations that Israel managed to avoid a lockdown during the fourth wave of the rise in the incidence (almost 70% of the total population is vaccinated in the country), '' & mdash; highlighted in the service.

In October, Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett visited Russia at the invitation of President Vladimir Putin. Bennett reported after the meeting that they discussed the situation in Syria, as well as the Iranian nuclear program. According to the prime minister, the meeting was “ great. ''

A few days later, it became known that Israel would start allowing tourists vaccinated by Sputnik V into the country. Initially, it was planned that the relief will begin in November, but later it was postponed until December. In this case, those who enter will still need to do a PCR test before the flight, as well as one more & mdash; after. In addition, tourists will need to undergo a serological test for the presence of antibodies.

In addition, the Israeli Minister of Health Nitzan Horowitz invited his Russian colleague, the head of the Ministry of Health, Mikhail Murashko, to form a working group to discuss the issue of mutual recognition of vaccination certificates.

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Источник rbc.ru

611 French officials expressed readiness to support Macron

Photo: Still from video

Journal de Dimanche reports that 611 French officials intend to support the candidacy of President Emmanuel Macron in the elections.

Officials noted that they are ready to support Macron, regardless of party interests.

Presidential elections in France will be held on April 10, 2022. So far, Macron has not officially announced the nomination.

Источник www.mk.ru

Russia and the United States confirmed their intentions to send a joint mission to Venus

Russia and the United States have confirmed their intention to send a joint mission to Venus. Dmitry Rogozin, the general director of Roscosmos, announced this on Saturday on the YouTube channel Soloviev Live.

“ We are going to put a mission there, it is called Venera-D. – a joint Russian-American mission, '' he said.

At the same time, the head of the state corporation noted that Venus was “ traditionally considered the Russian planet '', since it was the Soviet vehicles that landed there.

Po Rogozin believes that joint work will help simplify the task from the point of view of economics, technology and science. He stressed that it is easier to solve such complex issues together, crossing the talents of scientists and economic opportunities.

Earlier, the general director of Roscosmos also announced that the launch of the Proton-M launch vehicle. from the Baikonur cosmodrome was moved from December 6 to December 12.

Источник aif.ru

Who privatized Lenin’s log?

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 46. Where will they not be allowed without a QR code? 11/17/2021

They tell a story how, at the presentation of some kind of prize, people were handed out pieces of a log of Lenin, which he carried on a volunteer clean-up day. Is this a joke? & Nbsp;

Expert's answer 0 + –

On the first subbotnik on May 1, 1920, the leaders of the Soviet state went out to put in order the territory of the Kremlin, which not removed practically from the revolution. For barricades, the logs left over from the merchant ranks were then used. They were very heavy: 6 to 8 people could lift one. & Nbsp;

For 100 years there was no news about those logs until the Russian Jewish Congress decided to reward the members of its public council in an original way. “ We found a log of the main Soviet volunteer & ndash; Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, we sawed it and now we hand it over to those who deserve it bit by bit. Just don't ask where we found it. This is the Jewish secret & raquo ;, & ndash; answered “ AiF '' RJK President Yuri Kanner .

Tamara Gverdtsiteli, Andrey Makarevich, Leonid Yakubovich and other famous people now have pieces of Lenin's logs. & nbsp;

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Light rainfall and icy conditions are expected in Moscow on Sunday

Cloudy weather, light precipitation and ice in places are expected on Sunday, November 21, in Moscow, according to the official website of the Hydrometeorological Center of the Russian Federation.

According to meteorologists, the air temperature in the capital will be from zero to two degrees Celsius. On Monday night in the city it can get colder to minus two.

In the Moscow region during the daytime, it is expected from minus two to plus three degrees. At night, the temperature in the region can drop to minus four degrees.

West wind at a speed of up to ten meters per second. The atmospheric pressure will be 733 millimeters of mercury.

Recall that a record for low atmospheric pressure was set in the capital last Saturday.

Источник aif.ru