Political scientists agree
The Russian oligarch Roman Abramovich participated in the negotiations in Istanbul as an intermediary, and with the approval of the presidents of Russia and Ukraine. The footage, where the oligarch is talking with Turkish President Recep Erdogan, was seen by the whole world. The Kremlin confirmed his special status “in ensuring certain contacts between the Russian and Ukrainian sides.” At the same time, the United States did not include Mr. Abramovich in the sanctions list, his yachts and planes were not arrested, his longtime friend Yevgeny Shvidler was excluded from the UK sanctions list … And on the eve of the talks in Istanbul, the British media unanimously told that they allegedly tried to poison Abramovich in Kyiv in early March, at the very beginning of the negotiation process, together with several members of the Ukrainian delegation.
Putin and Abramovich. 2005 year. Photo: RIA Novosti/AP
MK talked to experts about why billionaire Abramovich was needed in the negotiations and why he was chosen from all the Russian oligarchs to play the role of an unofficial mediator.
– Unlike Russia, where there is a fairly rigid vertical of power and an understandable subject, in Ukraine the power is very diversified. This is a joint-stock company where the packages are distributed among several groups. Group number one is the US, they have a blocking stake. Group number two – radical nationalists with a power roof, the second most influential group, probably today. Group number three is Zelensky's own team and his inner circle. And roughly comparable to it in terms of influence, group number four are representatives of Ukrainian big business. Among the representatives of the last group there are many Jews by nationality. They emphasize their national identity and commonality, although they may conflict with each other. Now among these people, the most influential is Igor Kolomoisky (Ukrainian billionaire. – “MK”), which at one time launched the political career of Volodymyr Zelensky. I think the Russian side is selecting negotiators who could speak with each of these groups in a language they understand. Lavrov also communicates with the Americans in a closed format – representatives of law enforcement agencies. With radical nationalists – Shoigu, using his tools. With President Zelensky – the actual negotiating group. With representatives of large Ukrainian business – please, Roman Arkadievich …
Why exactly him? There are several reasons. Firstly, he is a person who has been quite close to Vladimir Putin since the late 1990s. Secondly, unlike other representatives of big business, he has experience in government and in this sense has broader competencies: he was a State Duma deputy (from December 1999 to December 2000. – “MK” ), headed a very difficult region – Chukotka (from 2001 to 2008 – Governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, from 2008 to 2013 – Speaker of the Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. – “MK”). Another important point is that Abramovich has a very serious reputation in the West, he invested there for a long time both as a philanthropist and as the owner of one of the successful football teams (British Chelsea. – “MK”). He is a person affiliated with the world elite, and the factor of international reputation in such situations also matters …
– If we turn to the end of the 90s – the beginning of the 2000s, then Abramovich played a very significant role in President Yeltsin's entourage and, I think, also participated in the fate of our current president. I had acquaintances at the time who said that Abramovich would continue to give Putin advice. But Putin, as you know, does not need advice, he is a self-sufficient figure … One way or another, they have a long history of relations in which Abramovich, as a smart person, always took a position from below in relation to the president and eventually became one of the few influential in The 90s of people who managed to maintain such relations with Putin that allow them to communicate with him, albeit occasionally, but directly, which is very important for a person who plays the role of an intermediary. If he was closed to the second echelon, who needs him as an intermediary?
In addition, Abramovich is a Jew, which is also important, and can be a negotiator, using mutual acquaintances not only in the business environment, but also in the political environment too. And to the President of Ukraine Zelensky, who is also a Jew, he is not completely alien, and is built into the Western elite. Abramovich is a flexible, adequate and, of course, cunning person – I even expressed the opinion that he staged the recent alleged poisoning in Kyiv himself: it appeared on the front pages of British newspapers, he began to look as if he had suffered from “hawks” surrounded by Vladimir Putin …
In general, he has created a reputation for himself as a person who needs both the West and Putin. And the way Erdogan communicated with him today demonstrates that Abramovich is a serious figure and his political talents are now useful.
Abramovich found himself in a difficult situation. Sanctions are being imposed against Russian oligarchs all over the world, they are a priori considered to be influencing the policy of the authorities or benefiting from this policy… It is no longer possible to fight back by saying that you are a private person and have not been in power for a long time, something must be done. Each oligarch chooses his own strategy in such a situation. Abramovich, apparently realizing that the old mechanisms for establishing relations with state bodies in different countries do not work, and not wanting to live under sanctions, found a way out: peacekeeping. I think he offered himself as an intermediary, they hardly called him and asked: “Come, participate …” He decided to try.
I do not think that now he has the opportunity to personally convey something to President Putin. Abramovich was a special oligarch because of his role in the late 90s and early 2000s. But time passes quickly… And Abramovich is now completely different, and his level of influence is different. Therefore, I would be very careful with conclusions that he has some kind of exclusive relationship with President Putin. Abramovich is involved in the negotiations, but I would not exaggerate his role.
The real mediator in these negotiations is Turkish President Erdogan. He has repeatedly spoken with the President of Russia, and his position in the current situation is complex. He did not join the sanctions against Russia, on the one hand, and on the other hand, there are Turkish drones in Ukraine. And he also has experience in reaching difficult and working agreements with Russia on Syria, on Libya, on Karabakh …
Another thing is that Abramovich appeared in this story at the very beginning of the conflict, when Erdogan was not there yet as an intermediary. At that time, another president, Alexander Grigoryevich Lukashenko, proposed himself for this role, but Ukraine did not consider him a mediator, and the West does not consider him a president at all.
If the positive trend that has emerged during the negotiations strengthens, Abramovich will there is a chance to remain a legal figure in the West. But, even if nothing happens, the very attempt to do something will matter in the eyes of world public opinion.
Photo: Mikhail Verny
Washington believes that Russia's statements after the talks in Istanbul with the Ukrainian delegation on a radical reduction in military activity in Kiev and Chernihiv directions, is not evidence of the end of the special operation.
“They are changing tactics. Nobody should take this as Russia ending the conflict,” Reuters quoted an unnamed US administration official as saying.
The American official added that Washington still regards any movement of the Russian military around Kyiv not as a withdrawal, but as a regrouping.
The representative of the American authorities urged the world to prepare for “continuation of major offensives in other regions of Ukraine.”
Could be a breakthrough or a tragedy
The next stage of Russian-Ukrainian negotiations aroused controversial feelings among experts. The round ended with certain results. Russia has made two important steps towards Ukraine – in the military and political spheres. Many considered Russia's position to be too soft, especially against the backdrop of what is happening at the front.
Photo: Global Look Press
Negotiations have begun at two o'clock in Istanbul. They lasted three hours. This time the Ukrainian delegation was not only not late, but also arrived at the meeting point, at the Dolmabahce Palace, earlier than expected.
Two concessions made by Russia are a stop of the offensive operation in the Kiev and Chernigov directions, as well as the possibility of a meeting between the leaders of the two countries to sign a peace treaty, after its readiness and detailed study, a personal discussion of territorial issues.
According to the head of the Russian negotiating group, Vladimir Medinsky, “Ukraine has clearly formulated its position on inclusion in the treaty,” and it will soon be reported to the president. According to him, the written proposals provided by Ukraine testify to its desire for a nuclear-free and neutral status. At the same time, Ukraine refuses to place and produce any types of mass destruction on its territory. Kyiv renounces membership in military alliances and the deployment of military bases and foreign contingents on its territory, but at the same time it can become a member of the European Union. Medinsky reports that Ukraine's proposals on security guarantees will not apply to Crimea and Donbass, while specifying that this “does not correspond to our position in any way.”
Famous political scientist and journalist, specialist in Russian-Ukrainian relations, Denis Denisov believes that the results of the negotiations raise more questions than answers.
“We know that the Ukrainian delegation handed over their proposals to their Russian colleagues, and several participants in the negotiations immediately said that they were not negotiable,” the expert says, “and these are “red lines”. Everything revolves around the security treaty with Ukraine. Its configuration is generally understandable – Ukraine wants it to be signed by about ten major states – global players, and the key point should be that these states can immediately provide assistance, including military assistance. According to the Ukrainian side, this agreement should be submitted to an all-Ukrainian referendum, and after that the process of its ratification by Ukraine and the guarantor countries will take place. And it is far from certain that the population of Ukraine will vote positively.
– A particularly interesting issue is related to the Crimea, as well as the DPR and LPR. As for the people's republics, the Ukrainian side proposes to resolve this issue during the presidential meeting. But with Crimea, the story is strange: here they proposed a 15-year format of bilateral negotiations on the status of Crimea and Sevastopol. There is an interesting stipulation there that Russia, entering into these negotiations, a priori recognizes Crimea as an occupied territory, and as a result, according to the Geneva Convention, Ukrainian legislation should apply on the territory of Crimea. But taking into account the fact that we have been saying for eight years that the topic of Crimea is not being discussed, and that this is a “red line” for Ukraine, we still have very long negotiations ahead, including on this issue. Well, the statement of the Turkish Foreign Minister, who said that the negotiations had reached agreements on establishing a ceasefire regime, remained completely unnoticed. And if so, this is certainly a breakthrough.
– She did not receive a reaction from the Ukrainian side, both delegations did not even mention this, and this causes a mixed reaction.
—… And they can be understood. And this is the scariest thing. I am not one of those people who are afraid of something, but the position should be clear and precise, especially on issues such as Crimea and Donbass. It should be immediate.
— Definitely. If we leave there, it will be a catastrophic, symbolic defeat for the Russian Federation. Well, you can't do that, you can't. We all remember what happened eight years ago with Mariupol. If the same thing happens to other regions, it will look terrible.
– This will not affect the negotiations, but we must already understand now that the sanctions will remain in any case and for a very long time. Sanctions are simply an extension of the foreign policy pursued by certain countries, in particular the United States of America. Sanctions are an element of containing the Russian Federation, so even if we sign this treaty and there is talk of a possible cancellation, these sanctions will be imposed on us under a different pretext.
— I completely agree with you – we will receive new sanctions.
The West is pulling groups to the borders of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine
The NATO military-political bloc led by the United States provided moral and material support to Ukraine, but did everything to avoid a direct armed clash with Russian troops during a special military operation. As explained in Washington, this was done to avoid a world thermonuclear war. At the same time, the United States and NATO have greatly increased their military forces on the eastern flank, in the territory of Eastern European countries, in recent months.
Photo: Global Look Press
NATO recently released an infographic showing the number of European and American troops in eastern NATO countries as of mid-March. On the territory of these states there are 40 thousand European soldiers, 100 thousand American military personnel, as well as 270 units of air equipment and warships.
Most of all, the group in Poland is 130 thousand soldiers, of which 10 thousand are American, British , Croatian and Romanian soldiers.
There are 15 thousand soldiers in Slovakia. On the territory of Hungary – 25 thousand soldiers. In Romania – 80 thousand. There are 27,000 soldiers in Bulgaria.
There are 9,000 NATO troops in Estonia, the same number in Latvia, and 21,000 soldiers in Lithuania.
In addition, there are anti-aircraft missile systems, helicopters in the Baltics, and 130 aircraft patrol the airspace and the seas adjacent to the eastern NATO countries. Naval group – 140 ships.
NATO continues to build up forces in the east. Thus, Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen said on March 29 that Denmark is ready to send another 800 troops to the Baltic countries.
“I see no reason to take on the responsibility of keeping someone there”
One of the largest groups of Ukrainian nationalists is blocked in the Azovstal industrial zone. The Azov militants (the organization was recognized as extremist and banned in the Russian Federation) turned the industrial giant into an impregnable fortress. What will it cost to clean up this territory, and how to avoid huge losses, veterans of the legendary Alpha special forces group told MK.
— It will be very difficult to take this fortified area, — says Colonel Vitaly Demidkin, who served in the legendary group “Alpha” 26 years. — All sorts of traps are possible there, ambushes on every corner, in every room. A lot of premises and approaches to them will be mined. At industrial facilities — thick concrete walls. Even if you throw a grenade in one room, the fragments will not spread to neighboring rooms. And they can be very diverse in terms of quadrature. Therefore, it will be very dangerous to enter there.
The colonel believes that the militants who settled in the industrial zone must have stocked up with weapons, water and food. It should not be discounted that the most frostbitten Nazis gathered there. They are well trained and trained. Behind them — eight years of war. They will fight to the last.
— At the plant — a large network of underground passages through which nationalists can move. They ran across, blocked something, then our guys got involved, they blocked the passage from the other side. The forecasts are the most serious regarding the losses of our soldiers. Significant resources are needed to clean up such a vast territory with concrete shelters, industrial areas, underground utilities. Of course, our guys will clean up, do everything, squeeze out the enemy, but I would not want losses among our servicemen. It makes no sense to clean up there, in my opinion. We must act in other ways.
How Ramzan Kadyrov has changed over the years: talking shots of the head of Chechnya
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Photo: Social networks
According to the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, he lost loved ones during a special operation in Ukraine.
“I lost my loved ones. The wounded, also those who fight there, the guys are not in the mood today, I told them not to worry at all, we will not let these shaitans leave, they will all be destroyed,” Kadyrov said in his Telegram channel.
Earlier, the head of Chechnya reported that Ruslan Geremeev was wounded in the battles for Mariupol, now he is in the hospital. Kadyrov also opposes negotiations with Kiev. He believes that the Ukrainian president is “a puppet, and the puppeteers are in the West.”
Kadyrov publicly asked Putin to “allow the military to finish what they started” during the military operation in Ukraine. “We, the warriors, do not agree to these negotiations, we call on the leadership of the state, represented by the president, to let us finish what he started,” Kadyrov said.
How Ramzan Kadyrov has changed over the years: talking shots heads of Chechnya
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The network of building materials OBI, on the contrary, resumes its work.
On Tuesday, March 29, the list of companies that left the market in Russia was supplemented by new organizations. So, the supply of personal hygiene products to the Russian Federation decided to suspend the American company Johnson & Johnson.
The day before, the Danish beer company Carlsberg announced the sale of its assets in Russia. The company's release said that after the completion of sales, the company will not be present in the country. It was a “difficult and urgent decision.”
Meanwhile, Carlsberg owns 140 brands – the company is familiar to Russians from the beer Carlsberg, Tuborg, Kronenburg, etc. In Russia, in 2021, Carlsberg received revenue in the amount of $960 million.
At the same time, Baltika &# 8211; the Carlsberg subsidiary will remain on the Russian market.
Also, the Dutch brewing concern Heineken announced the transfer of business to a new owner and exit from the Russian market.
“We came to the conclusion that ownership business in Russia is no longer sustainable and expedient in the current conditions,” the company, which is the second largest beer producer in the world, made a statement.
According to RBC, they requested to suspend the license for the production and sale of the Bud beer brand in Russia. The brewing company Ab InBev addressed the shareholder with such a decision.
By the way, the media reported that the chain of OBI building and household goods stores, which also suspended work in March, decided to resume activities. After the technical failure is eliminated, allegedly stores in St. Petersburg and Moscow will start working. And in April, all 27 OBI stores operating in Russia will reopen.
Soon, OBI denied these data: all stores will remain closed for the long term.
At the same time, it will suspend operations Decathlon, a French chain of sporting goods stores. About 57 stores of this brand have been opened in Russia so far.
As Topnews wrote earlier, the expert told when global companies will start returning to Russia. They can do this by the summer, especially those who can be replaced by domestic companies in the Russian Federation.
According to Barbara Woodward, London wants “in every possible way” to help stop the hostilities in Ukraine. And if Kyiv asks, the British side is ready to act as a guarantor of security, she noted ” alt=”The Permanent Representative to the UN declared London's readiness to become a guarantor for Ukraine” />
British Permanent Representative to the UN Barbara Woodward expressed London's readiness to act as a guarantor of Ukraine's security. Her words are quoted on the UN website.
She recalled that the British side provides significant military support to Kiev, as well as humanitarian aid worth more than £400 million ($523.9 million). According to her, Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky “almost every day.”
Britain wants “in every possible way” help stop hostilities in Ukraine, the diplomat said. “And we would be happy to play our part in this (in becoming a guarantor. — RBC), if we are asked by the government of Ukraine”,— said Woodward.
When asked what guarantees the United States is ready to provide to ensure the sovereignty of Ukraine, White House Communications Director Kate Bedingfield, in turn, said she was not ready to talk about specific details regarding any discussions on this issue. According to her, the United States continues to provide security assistance to Ukraine, supply weapons and, together with allies and partners, increase sanctions pressure on Russia. Washington is committed to Ukraine “sovereign, independent and secure,” she said.
U.S. Secretary of State Anthony Blinken, speaking of security guarantees from Washington, expressed readiness to support Ukraine if Kyiv sees ” “signs of seriousness” in Russia's actions.
Earlier, the Pentagon called Russia's conscientious attitude to negotiations on Ukraine the only condition that the Ministry of Defense can put forward. “This settlement really [should be discussed] between Russia and Ukraine. We didn’t dictate terms and didn’t want to get ahead of ourselves, — said John Kirby, spokesman for the US military department.
When concluding a peace treaty, Kyiv requires clear security guarantees, similar to the fifth article of the NATO charter, said the head of the Ukrainian delegation at the talks with Russia, David Arakhamia. Among the potential guarantor states, Kyiv named the United States, Great Britain, Germany, France and Turkey. Subject to guarantees, the Ukrainian side will fix a non-aligned and non-nuclear status.
The head of the Russian delegation, Vladimir Medinsky, confirmed that the Ukrainian colleagues had submitted proposals for a neutral status to him. According to him, they contain a condition that Moscow will not oppose Ukraine's accession to the EU.
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Anatoly Antonov considered the statement of Deputy Secretary of State Bonnie Jenkins about the threat to the physical nuclear security regime from Russia “another attempt to transfer Russophobic rhetoric to multilateral platforms”
Russian Ambassador to the US Anatoly Antonov urged Washington to return to “non-politicized, professional dialogue” in the field of physical nuclear safety. His words are quoted by the embassy on Telegram.
The diplomat called the statement by Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Bonnie Jenkins about the threat to the nuclear security regime from Russia “another attempt to transfer Russophobic rhetoric to multilateral platforms.”
Antonov decided to remind Jenkins that Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky at the Munich conference in February threatened to reconsider the country's renunciation of nuclear weapons. It is enshrined in the Budapest Memorandum, which provides for guarantees of the security and territorial integrity of the Ukrainian state in exchange for a nuclear-free state.
“In the course of a special operation, the RF Armed Forces took control of nuclear facilities (Chernobyl and Zaporozhye nuclear power plants) on Ukrainian territory in order to to prevent nuclear provocations by nationalist or other terrorist formations, — he noted.
On February 27, after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, President Vladimir Putin ordered that the deterrence forces, which include nuclear ones, be placed on a special alert regime.
At the same time, the Kremlin stated that Russia could use nuclear weapons only in the event of a real threat to the country's existence. The press secretary of the head of state, Dmitry Peskov, noted that “the presence of an existential threat and a special military operation are in no way connected with each other.”
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They regarded Washington's welcome of the decision to expel Russian diplomats “as contrary to the statements of the US leadership about the commitment of diplomacy in resolving global problems”
Washington and its allies chose the line to “bleed” Russian diplomatic missions abroad, which once again confirms the impotence of the West in defending its point of view, the Russian embassy in the United States reports on Telegram in response to the statement by State Department spokesman Ned Price that the United States welcomes the expulsion of Russian diplomats from European countries.
“Ned Price's welcome of the decision to expel our employees is regarded as contradictory to the statements of the US leadership about the commitment to diplomacy in resolving global problems”,— The Russian diplomatic mission said in a statement.
They called on Washington and their partners to abandon “the destructive course of undermining diplomacy.”
The day before, the Netherlands announced its decision to send 17 “Russian intelligence officers seconded to Russian missions in the country under diplomatic cover.” 21 employees of the Russian diplomatic mission decided to expel Belgium on charges of espionage. Ireland announced that the work of four Russian diplomatic officials “does not meet international diplomatic standards.” The Czech Foreign Ministry announced the expulsion of one representative of the Russian diplomatic mission. On March 23, Poland demanded the expulsion of 45 Russian diplomats. On March 28, they left the country.
Moscow promised to respond to all unfriendly measures directed against its foreign agencies.
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More than 1,100 civilians, including 104 children, were killed in Ukraine. The number of refugees has reached almost 4 million people
One person killed, four injured
As a result of a Ukrainian shell hitting a residential building in the west of Donetsk, one person died, four, including a child, were injured, the DPR Ministry of Emergency Situations reported, the Donetsk News Agency reports.
In addition, the representative office of the Donetsk People's Republic in the Joint Center for Control and Coordination of a Ceasefire (JCCC) in its Telegram channel reported several shellings by Ukrainian forces. The republic claims that at night 20 shells were fired at Donetsk from the side of the city of Avdiivka, as well as ten shells from the side of the village of Peski, the DPR reported. In the morning there were two shelling of the city from Krasnogorovka— Ukrainian forces fired 12 shells, the report says.
The representative office of the Lugansk People's Republic in the JCCC reported on the Telegram channel that the Ukrainian armed forces fired a Tochka-U rocket early in the morning on March 30 across Lugansk. “On the part of the armed formations of Ukraine, 1 shelling was recorded: 05.25 a.m. Severodonetsk— Lugansk: «Point-U»,— the message says. As a result of the shelling, no one was injured, no damage was recorded, the message says.
Russia is conducting a special operation to “demilitarize” and “denazification” Ukraine since February 24, Moscow calls its goal, among other things, the protection of the population of Donbass from “genocide”; from the Kiev authorities. Before the start of the operation, Russia recognized the independence of the DPR and LPR, Russian President Vladimir Putin explained this by saying that the Ukrainian authorities did not want to comply with the Minsk agreements.
In response to the operation, Kyiv broke off diplomatic relations with Moscow, declared martial law and general mobilization.
On March 14, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported that from the territory controlled by Kiev, a strike was carried out on a residential area of Donetsk by a Tochka-U tactical missile equipped with cluster munitions. As a result, 20 people died and 28 were seriously injured. The ministry called it a “war crime”, and the Russian Investigative Committee opened a criminal case into the incident. The UN also called for an investigation into the incident.
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Russia and China will move towards a just and democratic world order, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said during talks with the head of the Chinese Foreign Ministry
Russia-China relations have stood the test in a changing world and are moving in the right direction, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said at a meeting with his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov. The talks are taking place in the city of Tunxi in eastern China, the Russian Foreign Ministry said.
“Since the beginning of this year, Chinese-Russian relations have withstood new tests of serious changes in the international situation, have maintained the right direction and a steady development trend,” said the head of the Chinese Foreign Ministry (quote from RIA Novosti).
According to Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, the world is now going through a serious stage in international relations, as a result of which the situation will “significantly clear up.”
«Together with you and with our other like-minded people we will move towards a multipolar, just and democratic world order»,— Lavrov said.
He also announced Russia's desire to develop relations with China in a sustainable and consistent manner.
The meeting between the Foreign Ministers of China and Russia took place as part of the third conference of foreign ministers of Afghanistan's neighboring countries, the report said. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia. The parties discussed the situation in Afghanistan and Central Asia, as well as the situation around the Iranian nuclear program. Lavrov told the Chinese Foreign Minister about the course of the Russian special operation in Ukraine and about the negotiations between Moscow and Kiev, the Russian Foreign Ministry reported.
China did not support Western sanctions against Moscow. Tough restrictive measures are unacceptable and harm countries that are not parties to the conflict, Wang Yi said earlier. In his opinion, such measures lead to a split in the world and cannot be used.
China stands for a diplomatic solution to the situation Ukraine, they said in the country's Foreign Ministry. “From the moment the conflict broke out, the Chinese side has always taken the initiative of reconciliation and negotiations,” — said the official representative of the department, Zhao Lijian.
In mid-March, The Wall Street Journal and CNN, citing sources, reported that Russia had requested military assistance from China. Moscow and Beijing have officially denied this information. US President Joe Biden, during negotiations with Chinese President Xi Jinping, said that China would face consequences if it assisted Russia in its special operation.
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Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Medvedev: sanctions against Russia are returning to the West like a boomerang Not all countries are successfully coping with the economic downturn resulting from sanctions against Russia, Medvedev believes. Russia, according to him, is struggling with real difficulties, but the West cannot globally limit it
Sanctions against Russia are returning to Western countries like a boomerang, without achieving results, Deputy Chairman of the Security Council Dmitry Medvedev wrote in his Telegram channel.
sanctions against Russia, as expected, it turned out that they are returning to the West as a boomerang, — he noted. According to Medvedev, global inflation is increasing, and a recession may be beginning in Europe.
“It becomes clear that not all states will successfully cope with such a recession, despite the hysterical statements of the national leaders of Western countries,” wrote Medvedev. At the same time, he pointed out, the blocking of Russian banks “did not bring a significant result”: the Russians retained access to the Russian payment system and use it.
However, the ban on the export of Russian energy resources hit ordinary Western citizens who own cars and living in houses with gas heating, the former prime minister believes.
“Of course, there are real difficulties that Russia has to contend with. Where they are still trying to isolate us from the global value chains, the international division of labor, increasing unemployment and plunging into economic chaos. Nevertheless, it is not possible to globally limit Russia,», — explained Medvedev.
According to the deputy chairman of the Security Council, the world is moving towards a new logic of economic relations and an updated financial system. “It is impossible to trust those who freeze the accounts of other states, steal other people's business assets and personal property, compromising the principles of absolute protection of the sacred right of private property,” he said.
Medvedev noted that confidence in currencies is “melting” and the abandonment of the dollar and the euro as the world's main reserves no longer seems fantastic. According to him, the era of regional currencies is coming, and countries will have to agree on a new financial order.
At the end of February, the European Union and the United States decided to block the assets of the Bank of Russia, freezing its transactions. The goal was to prevent the regulator from “using its own international reserves to dampen the impact of Western sanctions.” The head of the Ministry of Finance, Anton Siluanov, noted that Russia, due to restrictions, had lost access to almost half of its gold and foreign exchange reserves— $300 billion
In response to the freezing of reserves in dollars and euros, Russia limited the movement of funds that could be transferred to unfriendly countries by a comparable amount. Foreign investors were banned from selling securities and withdrawing funds from the Russian financial system.
The United States threatened Russia with sanctions back in December. The head of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Sergei Lavrov, then said that if “hellish sanctions” follow, Moscow will react. “This is a dead end path, and in the end it will turn against the very initiators of these illegitimate unilateral measures,” — said the minister.
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The Russian Defense Ministry announced the destruction of Ukraine's fuel depots in the Khmelnytsky region Russian troops hit two fuel depots in the Khmelnytsky region. During an air battle, a Ukrainian Su-24 fighter was shot down near the border with Belarus. In total, according to the department, the Armed Forces of Ukraine have lost 124 aircraft since the end of February. /71/756486281990710.jpg” alt=”The Russian Ministry of Defense announced the destruction of Ukraine's fuel depots” />
which supplied fuel for Ukrainian troops in the Donbass, the Defense Ministry said.
In addition, two warehouses with rocket and artillery weapons of the Ukrainian forces located in Kamenka, Donetsk region, were destroyed, the department added, they were hit with the help of the Iskander missile system. In the Rivne region, near the border with Belarus and the village of Tumen, a Ukrainian Su-24 fighter was shot down during an air battle.
“In a day [Russian air defense forces] destroyed ten Ukrainian unmanned aerial vehicles in the areas of the settlements of Izyum, New Kakhovka, Donetsk, Nikolaev, Berdyansk, Gorlovka, Lugansk and Rubizhne,— said in the message of the Ministry of Defense.
At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.
In total, over the previous day, Russian missile forces and aviation hit 64 Ukrainian military infrastructure facilities. The ministry clarified that among them are three anti-aircraft missile systems— two “Buk-M1” in the areas of Slavyansk and Ugledar, as well as one S-300 in the area of the city of Malin; three installations of multiple launch rocket systems; the headquarters of the Ukrainian forces in the area of Bereznigovatoy; two artillery batteries and 49 areas of concentration of strongholds and military equipment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
To this day, since the beginning of hostilities, Russian forces have destroyed 1,752 tanks, 734 field artillery pieces, 214 missile systems, 321 drones, 77 helicopters, 124 aircraft, 184 installations of multiple launch rocket systems and more than 1.6 thousand special military vehicles of Ukraine.
Russia launched a military operation in Ukraine on the night of February 24, this decision was made by President Vladimir Putin. He called such a step a necessary measure, saying that otherwise Russia would have faced an even greater threat. As the goals of the operation, he called the protection of the inhabitants of Donbass from “genocide”; by the authorities in Kyiv, “denazification” and the demilitarization of a neighboring country. A day later, he called on the Ukrainian military to “take power into their own hands.”
In Ukraine, they severed diplomatic relations with Russia, declared mobilization and martial law.
The Ministry of Defense stated that they did not strike at civilian targets, disabling only military infrastructure facilities. From March 29, the Russian military will significantly reduce military activity in the Kiev and Chernihiv directions, representatives of Moscow assured at the negotiation process with representatives of Kyiv. Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu announced on the same day that the goals of the main stage of the special operation had been achieved, forces would be concentrated on the “liberation of Donbass”.
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Businessman Oleg Deripaska published a message on his Telegram channel in which he quoted a fragment from an anti-war article by writer Leo Tolstoy
Navalny's cassation against the verdict in the Yves Rocher case was rejected by the Supreme Court. The probationary term of the oppositionist in this case was replaced by the Simonovsky Court of Moscow in February last year with a real one .jpg” alt=”The Supreme Court refused to consider Navalny's appeal in the Yves Rocher case” />
The Supreme Court refused to consider the cassation appeal against the decision to replace the suspended sentence originally imposed on him with a real one in the Yves Rocher case, Interfax reported. with reference to the press service of the court.
The court made the same decision on the oppositionist's complaint against the court decision, according to which he was placed in a pre-trial detention center after his return from Germany.
As part of the Yves Rocher case Navalny and his brother Oleg were accused of business fraud and embezzlement in the amount of 26.7 million rubles. at the company «Yves Rocher Vostok» and another 4.5 million rubles— from the “Diversified Processing Company”.
Oleg Navalny received a real term in the case (3.5 years in prison), Alexei Navalny— the same conditional period. The applicant in the case was the general director of Yves Rocher Vostok; Bruno Leproux, the events of the case date back to 2008-2013, when Oleg Navalny worked as a top manager of Russian Post.
Alexei Navalny's trial period was supposed to end at the end of 2019, but later it was extended until the end of 2020. During the probation period, the convict is required to regularly report to the FSIN inspection.
After returning from Germany to Russia in early 2021, Navalny was detained at Sheremetyevo Airport and sent to a pre-trial detention center due to the requirements of the FSIN to replace the probation in the Yves Rocher case. to the real one. The FSIN inspection put forward such a requirement due to the fact that Navalny was not noted in the inspection. In February 2021, the Simonovsky Court of Moscow, at the request of the Federal Penitentiary Service, replaced the suspended sentence in the Yves Rocher case. to the real one. Navalny was sentenced to imprisonment in a colony for 2 years and 8 months.
Now Navalny is in a penal colony in Pokrov (Vladimir region). On March 22, 2022, the Lefortovo Court of Moscow sentenced him to nine years in a strict regime colony for fraud and insulting the court, taking into account his punishments in a number of other cases.
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Photo source: video screenshot.
Near the border with Belarus, the Russian military shot down a Su-24 aircraft of the Ukrainian Air Force. This was announced at a briefing by the Russian Ministry of Defense, the official representative of the department, Major General Igor Konashenkov.
“A Su-24 of the Ukrainian Air Force was shot down in the area of the Tumen settlement in the Rivne region near the Ukrainian-Belarusian border during an air battle” , – Konashenkov said.
According to him, over the past 24 hours, 10 Ukrainian drones have been destroyed in densely populated areas of Donetsk, Luhansk, Nikolaev, Izyum and other points.
In total, since the beginning of the special operation on In Ukraine, the RF Armed Forces eliminated 124 aircraft, 321 drones, 184 multiple rocket launchers and 1,752 tanks of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.
It became known yesterday that large ammunition depots in the Zhytomyr region were destroyed by Kalibr missiles.
The British Foreign Office has released a statement saying it intends to impose sanctions against the DNR and LNR. In addition, today it is planned to submit for the consideration of deputies the next sanctions measures directed against individual Russians.
First of all, the statement says that sanctions of the type applied to Crimea “will be extended to non-government-controlled regions of Donetsk and Lugansk regions”.
The new personal sanctions are reported to affect “sanctioned Russian oligarchs and their businesses”, namely to make it difficult to maintain ships and aircraft owned by Russians previously included in the the so-called lists of “those close to the Russian authorities.”
In a statement from the British Foreign Office, this part of the measures is called an act “which will help limit the maintenance or provision of technical assistance to aircraft or ships of certain individuals or organizations.”
Photo: Mikhail Kovalev
In March, the Belarusian prosecutor's office opened 44 criminal cases on facts of crimes against citizens of the republic on the territory of Ukraine. This was reported in the department.
The Prosecutor General's Office reported that one criminal case was initiated under the article on murder, eight cases – under the article on robbery, and 35 more – on the fact of robbery.
According to the agency, the total value of property stolen from the victims amounted to more than $4 million. In most cases, the robbers threatened the victims with firearms.
Basically, the attackers encroached on commercial vehicles, in particular, 64 truck tractors with trailers were stolen. In addition, some of the victims lost their personal cars and cash.
The prosecutor's office also stated that, given the unfavorable situation in Ukraine, the stay of Belarusian citizens on its territory is unsafe.
The Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the United Nations, Serhiy Kyslytsya, stated following the meeting of the UN Security Council on Tuesday, March 29, under what conditions the Ukrainian side is ready to sign a joint document with Russia on security guarantees.
According to him, this is possible only if the Russian side fulfills the requirements of Kyiv.
“Signing of the agreement. ..possible only after the return of all armed formations of the Russian Federation to positions as of February 23, 2022,” the permanent representative of Nezalezhnaya said, whose words are quoted by TASS.
He also added that the parties participating in the relevant consultations on the preparation agreements will continue their work, including the development of a mechanism for the introduction of a ceasefire, the withdrawal of troops, safe functioning on a permanent basis of humanitarian corridors, as well as the exchange of dead and prisoners.
Moscow is preparing to defend the economy and citizens, and Europe is facing a global crisis
The West has accused Russia of the food crisis and the impending catastrophe in Europe. Banks are introducing a domestic payment system. Negotiations between the Ukrainian and Russian delegations took place in Istanbul. Political scientists evaluate their results as the first step towards a compromise. Moscow was offered to create a new payment unit for trade with friendly countries. Against the backdrop of anti-Russian sanctions, the minimum wage may exceed 14.5 thousand rubles. Follow us for the events of Wednesday, March 30th. Online of the previous day can be read here.
Photo: Global Look Press
12:23 NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called for a restrained assessment of the results of the negotiations between the Russian and Ukrainian delegations in Istanbul.
11:58 TV series star Mikhail Pshenichny, who disappeared from view, was found in Poland. He left to help the Ukrainians.
11:31 CIS Deputy Executive Secretary Leonid Anfimov said that the CIS countries can use the Chinese yuan as a reserve currency for mutual settlements instead of the dollar and the euro.
11:06 The Russian Ministry of Defense reported that 64 Ukrainian military facilities were hit by aviation and missile forces in a day, including the SOF headquarters in the area of the village of Bereznigovatoe, Mykolaiv region, three anti-aircraft missile systems – one S-300 near the town of Malin, Zhytomyr region and two – "Buk-M1" in the districts of Ugledar and Slavyansk.
11:03The official representative of the Russian Ministry of Defense, Major General Igor Konashenkov, said at a morning briefing on Wednesday that the Russian military attacked the Iskander missile system. destroyed two large warehouses of Ukrainian missile and artillery weapons in the village of Kamenka, Donetsk region.
10:56The Russian Defense Ministry denied the statement of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky that the Russian military allegedly attacked the city of Uman in the Cherkasy region, which is visited by thousands of Jewish pilgrims. At the same time, the report notes that they have evidence of the use by the Ukrainian side of the building of the synagogue in Uman as a collection and transportation point for weapons and fighters.
10:48 Syria expressed a desire to discuss offsets with Russia in rubles and abandon the dollar. The republic added the yuan and the ruble to its currency portfolio back in 2011.
10:30Deputy Chairman of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev predicted the coming of an era of regional currencies. He stressed that confidence in the dollar and the euro is melting like “morning fog”.
10:20 The euro exchange rate for the first time since February 23 fell below 91 rubles, to the level before the start of the special operation in Ukraine.
10:13Anti-Russian “hellish” sanctions did not have the desired effect. Especially in relation to the banking sector. This was stated by Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev. In his opinion, the world is gradually moving towards an updated financial system instead of a compromised one.
09:46 weapon. However, Prime Minister Boris Johnson did not say which one. According to experts, we are talking about heavy artillery or long-range firepower.
09:42 The German authorities said they would not violate the contract and pay Russia for gas in rubles. Berlin has launched an emergency plan for the event of a cessation of fuel supplies from the Russian Federation.
09:32 Rossiya Airlines transferred its entire fleet, which is 125 aircraft, to Russian jurisdiction. Earlier, the Ministry of Transport allowed to keep leased foreign-made airliners and pay for them in rubles.
09:27 Since the start of the military special operation, 492,000 people from the DPR, LPR and Ukraine have crossed the Russian border . Of these, 100 thousand – children. Refugees are accepted at 376 temporary accommodation centers in 35 regions of Russia.
09:16The Headquarters of the Territorial Defense of the DPR reported the death of two people as a result of the shelling of the Armed Forces of Gorlovka. In Donetsk, a Ukrainian shell killed one civilian and injured four more.
09:04 European politicians themselves are to blame for the fact that Russia introduced offsets in rubles. This was stated by State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin and proposed expanding the list of goods exported for the national currency.
08:46Most of the fighters of the Azov detachment banned in Russia and recognized as extremist “are patriotic and are nationalists.” This fact was recognized by its founder and ex-deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Andriy Biletsky. According to his calculations, there are about 1,500 extremists in Mariupol now.
08:43Footballer of the national team of Ukraine and the English “Manchester City” Alexander Zinchenko left an autograph on a postcard found at the base of the extremist nationalist detachment Azov, banned in Russia. He signed it “for a long memory” to one of the fighters.
08:27 Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi called tough anti-Russian sanctions unacceptable. In his opinion, such measures can strengthen existing contradictions, as well as complicate an already difficult situation.
08:21In the near future, “to protect civilians from illegal encroachments” militia bodies will be created in the territories liberated by the Russian military. We are talking about the republics of Donbass and Zaporozhye.
08:02 According to the head of the Belgorod region Vyacheslav Gladkov, the explosions in the village of Krasny Oktyabr were caused by a fire at an ammunition depot. Residential buildings and civilians were not damaged.
07:49 The Armed Forces of Ukraine continue to shell Donbass. Ukrainian troops from Severodonetsk launched a missile attack “Tochka-U” across Lugansk. During a night shelling, a Ukrainian shell hit a residential building in Donetsk, which was partially destroyed.
07:35 European companies have the right to decide on their own whether to pay them for Russian gas in rubles. The EU leadership made it clear that it would not approve such decisions. However, experts predicted that the refusal to pay in rubles would lead Europe to disaster.
07:20 As early as April 1, an analogue of Apple Pay and Google Pay could start working in Russia. The SBPey application will work on the basis of the Fast Payment System of the Bank of Russia (SPB RF).
Senator Rand Paul: America's president lives in an “alternative universe”
Joe Biden's verbal “blunders” are becoming a “threat to national security” of the United States, says US Senator Rand Paul. His remarks added to the wave of criticism against the sharp statements of the President of the United States against the Russian leadership.
Joe Biden's latest off-the-wall comments about Russian President Vladimir Putin are potentially dangerous for the United States, Senate Foreign Relations Committee member Rand Paul said Monday. said he supported his comment over the weekend that Putin “can't stay in power” and stated that this was not an official change in US policy in favor of a change of power in Russia.
On Jesse Watters Prime Time, Senator Rand Paul warned that President Biden's increasingly visible gaffes are not internationally acclaimed. Host Jesse Watters noted that the French government had already criticized Biden's remarks.
“I would not use such language because I continue to negotiate with President Putin,” President Emmanuel Macron said Sunday on to French television, adding that his goal is to stop the conflict in Ukraine: “Without escalation, that's our goal.”
Senator Rand Paul said he and most members of Congress are not trying to remove Russian President Putin from power.
Describing Biden's unprecedentedly harsh remarks, the U.S. senator from Kentucky said: “It's actually a national security threat because he's sending signals that no one in their right mind would be sending to Russia at this point in time. We are not trying to replace Putin in Russia. We do not send troops to Ukraine and we are not going to respond in the same way in the event of the use of chemical weapons.
Senator Paul went on to say that Joe Biden “lives in an alternative universe” where it is acceptable for him to say one thing , and then claim that the way the public has received this particular statement is not true.
Even the leftist media is picking up on these gaffes, Rand Paul said. “So I think it's a real problem, and there's a humorous aspect to it. But it's not really funny because we're concerned about what he's saying is accelerating the conflict in Ukraine or causing it to escalate into a world war. This is very serious.”
Earlier, President of the Council on Foreign Relations Richard Haas wrote on social networks that he was concerned about Biden’s remarks, since the words of the US President contain the risk that Moscow “refuses to compromise, escalates.” According to the expert, Biden's scandalous calls for a change of power in Russia are “incompatible” with the goals of the United States and the West as a whole to end the conflict in Ukraine.
They want to increase the number of Polish troops to 300,000
In response to the crisis in Ukraine, the Polish authorities intend to increase the number of the country's army to 300,000 people, and Warsaw also intends to put modern equipment into service. This was stated by the Minister of Defense of the Republic Mariusz Blaszczak.
The head of the Ministry of Defense said that the government intends to increase the number regular army up to 250 thousand people, and the composition of the regional defense forces — up to 50,000, Wiadomosci reports.
Blaschak added that this decision was caused by Russia's special operation in Ukraine. “The Polish army should be larger than before,” the minister said.
He also added that the Polish army should receive new weapons systems, including Turkish Bayraktar TB2 drones and HIMARS missile systems.
Earlier, the President of Poland, Andrzej Duda, approved the law “On the Defense of the Fatherland”, which involves an increase in the size of the Polish army from 111.5 thousand to 300 thousand soldiers.
Warsaw also intends to increase spending for defense to three percent of GDP in 2023. The document also provides for simplified recruitment mechanisms for military service.
At the same time, the Polish authorities do not hide the fact that they consider Russia as a potential adversary.
“The West seems to have gone too far”
In various Western countries, China called the “cancellation” of the symbol Z associated with the Russian operation in Ukraine a manifestation of Russophobia that has reached the stage of “madness” .
Photo: Frame from video
The Chinese edition of the Global Times published a cartoon mocking the West's “cancellation” of the letter Z, along with sanctioned cats, dogs and trees from Russia. And in an article published in the newspaper, Zhang Tengjun, deputy director of the Asia-Pacific Studies Department of the China Institute of International Studies, cites the example of Zurich Insurance removing its Z logo from social networks after this letter became a symbol of support for Russia in the current Russian-Ukrainian conflict. According to Reuters, the company said it did not want to be misinterpreted as being pro-Russian. The letter Z was used as markings on Russian military vehicles involved in the conflict, the report said.
“The West seems to have gone too far,” the Global Times writes further. – Apart from Zurich Insurance, some other parts of Europe also pointed the finger at the letter Z. For example, two German states reportedly said on Saturday that they had outlawed the public display of the “Z” symbol used by the Russian army. The two Lithuanian MPs also called on their country to ban the use of the Russian army symbol “Z”.
This practice regarding the letter Z has drawn ridicule from netizens. One of them joked that, based on this logic, it looks like Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky should change his last name, as it contains the letter Z.”
“The West’s ban on the symbol “Z” personifies its Russophobia,” writes a Chinese author. – The Ukrainian crisis has affected the culture, sports and arts associated with Russia. For example, the Russian composer Tchaikovsky is banned. Just like Russian cats. This time the target was the letter Z. Russophobia of the West has reached the level of “madness”. This is the West poisoning Russia in terms of culture. In such moods, one can hardly hear a reasonable and correct voice in the West.
“The West hopes to create a united front, thus arousing public opinion, seeking to isolate Russia,” continues the publication in the Global Times. “This is mainly because the power, status and international influence of the West is waning, and its anxiety towards Russia is growing. Contrary to perceived threats or challenges, Western countries are not strong enough to deal with Russia alone and need to have more countries on their side. The actions of the West are a manifestation of their concern. The essence of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict lies in the security tension between Russia and the US-led NATO. The US and Europe are now struggling to avoid direct military intervention. This indicates that they are afraid that if they start a war with Russia, they may bring disaster on themselves.
“Judging by the current situation, such petty tricks of the West, such as banning the letter Z, will not give any effect. The development of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict largely depends on the real battlefield. It is expected that it will end with certain compromises that will not be fully beneficial to the West. Western tricks will not disturb clear and determined Russians, sums up the author of an article in a Chinese edition. “It is pointless for the West to do such tricks. The Western public will also be misled by such opinions and sentiments. Relations between Russia and Europe may become more complicated in the future.”
True, he considers this scenario unlikely
Russia can return Alaska, but only in the event of the collapse of the United States. This point of view was expressed by Anatoly Vasserman, a repeated winner of intellectual TV games, State Duma deputy.
Photo: Gennady Cherkasov
In conversation with Ura.ru, the parliamentarian said that in the event of the collapse of the United States, it would be more profitable for Alaska to join Russia, not Canada.
At the same time, Wasserman stressed that he does not yet see any particular reason to consider this scenario seriously.
“There are no legal reasons to demand the return of Alaska, since we sold it in a completely legal way and for quite good reasons,” he said.
Wasserman added that over Alaska is always there was a threat of attack by the British fleet, so after another aggravation of relations with London, it was decided to sell this territory to the United States.
At that time no one suspected the presence of oil in Alaska. At the same time, the United States was not particularly eager to buy out this region.
“The resources that were mined there have practically exhausted themselves. Moreover, I even had to give bribes to some American politicians so that they agreed to buy it, ”the deputy noted.
The agreement on the sale of Alaska was signed on March 30, 1867. The United States paid Russia $7.2 million.
“The path to peace is possible”
On March 29, another round of talks between Russia and Ukraine took place in Istanbul. Vladimir Medinsky called them meaningful, and Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Fomin noted that the talks had moved into a practical direction. Domestic political scientists emphasize that this meeting of the Russian and Ukrainian sides gives hope for a peaceful solution to the situation in Ukraine.
The scientific director of the Institute of Regional Problems, political scientist Dmitry Zhuravlev, in an interview with Vechernyaya Moskva, said that these negotiations demonstrated that “the path to peace is possible.” At the same time, he noted that the harmonization of the agreements does not at all mean their implementation by the Ukrainian side. According to Zhuravlev, this is evidenced by the fate of the Steinmeier formula, according to which the provisions of the Minsk agreements were implemented.
According to the political scientist, the current negotiations between Russia and Ukraine have given hope that “an agreement can be reached.” Zhuravlev stressed that after the first two meetings it seemed that the parties had nothing to agree on, and now the position is “more optimistic”. But the main issue, according to the expert, is not at all diplomatic, but real guarantees, otherwise it is a run on the spot.
Zhuravlev drew attention to some points of the negotiations. The political scientist was the first to highlight the provision on the countries that will guarantee compliance with the agreements to be signed by Russia and Ukraine. The expert noted that in 2014, the guarantor countries did not help former President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych avoid a coup, although he was promised immunity.
According to the political scientist, international guarantors are not, as such, guarantors. Zhuravlev explained that they are guarantors that “they will be offended” if the agreements are not fulfilled. The specialist recalled that Germany at one time was “offended” by Petro Poroshenko for non-compliance with the Minsk agreements, but this did not affect him. According to Zhuravlev, Russia's preferences should be guarantors. As an example, the political scientist cited the deployment of Russian military bases on the territory of Ukraine, at least for the duration of the agreements.
The expert also highlighted the point about the possibility of Ukraine joining the EU. Zhuravlev believes that in the current circumstances this issue is not important for Russia. The political scientist noted that this issue mattered in 2014, when Ukraine was still a member of the Eurasian Economic Community.
In conclusion, Zhuravlev noted that the meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky would mean the end of the conflict between the countries and “the end of the diplomatic marathon”. The political scientist added that this would be the point at which the final documents would be signed. According to the expert, there will be no discussions at the meeting of the presidents, but only decisions will be made that will be prepared by the Foreign Ministries of the two countries.
Read also:Russian special operation in Ukraine: online broadcast on March 30 .
Experts described scenarios of unemployment in the country.
The Center for Strategic Research of the Russian Federation issued a forecast according to which the number of jobs in Russia will decrease by 2 million by the end of this year.
As a result, unemployment will not be the current 4.4%, but 7.1 -7.8%. If acute consequences can be avoided, then it will only grow to 6.4–6.5%.
The CSR believes that the very structure of employment in the country may change. Reductions are expected in the automotive industry, metallurgy and construction. The need for workers in the light industry and the IT industry will increase.
As & # 8220; Kommersant & # 8221; clarifies, experts name two scenarios for the development of events. Either unemployment will rise to 6.4-6.5% and remain for the coming years, or due to job losses – to 7.1-7.8% by December, but by the summer of next year, the labor market will recover.
The CSR believes that the second scenario is more likely, because. many of the idle companies have retained their staff.
The publication reports that the Russian government has not yet announced its strategy, and has not given a GDP forecast for 2022. According to the head of the Ministry of Labor Anton Kotyakov, mass layoffs have not yet been registered.
We are talking about reductions of about 50,000 people, 14,000 – on unpaid leave.
The CSR predicts that the number of places will decrease in the automotive industry, the production of household appliances, metallurgy, the production of fertilizers, construction and the sales market. The demand for labor will affect the textile industry, the IT sector, the production of clothing, leisure goods, the production of microelectronics and telecom equipment.
Partly this demand will cover the closure of jobs, but will require Russians to update their labor skills.
The situation with unemployment will not affect the outflow of migrants, because the level of salaries in Russia remains high for them compared with incomes at home. They also have no problems with transferring their earnings abroad.
However, according to “Ъ”, the forecast of experts may be affected by changes in labor legislation.
The publication reports that amendments to the Labor Code of the Russian Federation and the Federal Law “On Employment of the Population” are being prepared.
Earlier, Topnews wrote about which periods of unemployment are included in the length of service for calculating pensions.
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The experts pointed out the countries that can make such a decision for Russia.
The media report on the proposal of economists from the Institute for Economic Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Center for Macroeconomic Analysis (CMASF) to create a new payment unit.
According to their plan, it should be used for settlements with “friendly countries&# 8221;.
According to RBC, which has an analytical note from the authors of the project, its creation was influenced by the imposition of unilateral anti-Russian sanctions by the West. In particular, we are talking about retaliatory measures within the framework of Moscow's demand for Europe to pay for gas in rubles.
Economists suggested that non-dollar payments may be of interest to the EAEU countries, as well as India, China, Iran, Turkey and a number of other countries.
Thus, they will be able to reduce their dependence on foreign exchange reserves through which they are influenced by the emitting countries.
The exchange rate of the new unit will depend on the weighted average price of resources in the world market, explains edition.
The process of converting a new unit into national currencies and vice versa will be carried out by the clearing center of the system. It is also likely that a secondary market for a new currency will appear, which will allow countries to use it as a reserve.
As Topnews wrote, the requirement for European countries to pay for gas supplies in rubles was put forward on March 23 by President Vladimir Putin.
The volume and cost of fuel will remain in line with the contracts. German Prime Minister Scholz replied that the price in the contract was indicated not in rubles, but in other monetary units.
State Duma Speaker Volodin, meanwhile, proposes to transfer some other exported goods to payment in rubles.
Against the backdrop of Russian President Vladimir Putin's statement about the need to charge for gas supplies to Europe in rubles, Russian gas supplies via the “Yamal-Europe” pipeline dropped to zero on the German-Polish border.
This happened on the afternoon of March 29.
According to Reuters, referring to the Gascade operator, at 13:00 local time (14:00 Moscow time) gas flows to Poland from Germany through Malnow amounted to 1,451,155 kWh/h, but then they dropped to zero.
Russian gas supplies to Europe via two other significant pipelines remain stable.
TASS notes that during the March 29 auction “Gazprom” booked part of the capacity for pumping gas through Poland to Germany for a full gas day, but the agency clarifies that the supply is still not guaranteed, since “Gazprom” does not use spare power every time.
Earlier, the head of the German Ministry of Economy said that Germany would not pay for gas in rubles, thereby violating contracts.
He was supported by French President Emmanuel Macron, who on the eve of a telephone conversation with Vladimir Putin announced the impossibility of paying for Russian gas in rubles.
The conversation between the leaders of the two countries took place before the next stage of negotiations between the Russian Federation and Ukraine in Turkey and lasted about an hour.
Meanwhile, the Liberal Democratic Party proposed before the end of Russia's special operation in Ukraine in general to stop the export of Russian gas to Europe through Ukraine.
In turn, State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin said that it is necessary to expand the list of goods exported for rubles.
“ It would be right, where it is beneficial for our country, to expand the list of goods exported for rubles: fertilizers, grain, oil, oil, coal, metals, timber & # 8221;, & # 8211; Telegram channel 112 cites his words.
Earlier, TopNews wrote that Europe refused to pay for Russian gas in rubles.
This statement was made by the head of the European Commission.