The authorities intend to create a new all-Russian movement of children and youth. The founders can be the Russian Movement of Schoolchildren, the Big Change project and regional youth movements
The Kremlin, Rosmolodezh and the Ministry of Education are planning to create a new all-Russian movement of children and youth, two sources familiar with the discussion of the issue told RBC. Officially, the possibility of a new structure may become known on May 19— on this day, as expected, a corresponding bill will be submitted to the State Duma, one of the interlocutors of RBC said. Another source clarified that the bill could be introduced later, but the date of May 19 is also being discussed.
May 13 “Moskovsky Komsomolets” said that the Kremlin decided to create an analogue of the Soviet pioneers, which will be announced on May 19— on this date the USSR celebrated the Day of the Pioneer Organization, which will turn 100 this year.
The experience of the pioneer organization was really studied, but calling the new organization an “analogue” would be wrong, if only because, unlike the pioneers, membership in the new structure will not be mandatory, and times are different now, emphasizes one of RBC's sources familiar with the discussion of the issue.
The idea of creating a movement that would unite all children, on April 20 at a meeting of the Supervisory Board of the ANO «Russia— land of opportunity supported by Vladimir Putin. A schoolgirl from Sevastopol, Diana Krasovskaya, approached him with the corresponding initiative. “As for the organization of the children’s movement, we have different directions,“ Yunarmiya ” there is and so on, but as for the all-Russian movement, we need to think about it, & mdash; said the president.
On Children's Day on June 1, a congress of children's movements of Russia is planned— it is expected to take place on the sidelines of the festival of childhood and youth in Moscow, at VDNKh. The congress participants can discuss the future movement and its name, which is not yet available, explains one of RBC's interlocutors.
It is discussed that the new structure will be created on the basis of existing ones working in the children's and youth direction: the Russian movement of schoolchildren, the Big Change project; and a number of regional organizations. They can become co-founders of a new movement. Perhaps among the founders will be the Yunarmiya movement, created on the initiative of Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in 2016.
The decree on the creation of the children's and youth organization “Russian Movement of Schoolchildren” Vladimir Putin signed in 2015. The task was defined as “improving the state policy in the field of educating the younger generation, promoting the formation of personality on the basis of the system of values inherent in Russian society.”
Project for schoolchildren «Big break» launched in 2020 on the platform «Russia— land of opportunity. Head of the Supervisory Board of ANO “Big Change” became the first deputy head of the presidential administration, Sergei Kiriyenko. The project, Kiriyenko explained at the launch, consists of two competitions— for tenth graders and pupils of the eighth & mdash; ninth grades. “Three hundred winners [tenth graders] receive 1 million rubles. on your education, — then the Kremlin official said. So many more winners from the eighth—ninth grade were entitled to 200 thousand rubles each, which, according to Kiriyenko, was enough to pay for tuition at the commercial department at a secondary specialized educational institution.
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As one of the main candidates for the post of leader of the movement, according to the interlocutor of RBC, the deputy head of Rosmolodezh Damir Fattakhov is considered; before joining the department, he headed the Ministry of Youth Affairs of Tatarstan, was the head of the KVN team “Four Tatars”.
It is assumed that the new children's and youth structure will cover both schoolchildren and students of secondary specialized educational institutions. Access to students of secondary specialized educational institutions is important, because children who leave school after the ninth grade study there, explains RBC's interlocutor familiar with the discussion of the issue.
The Ministry of Education will be responsible for building the work of the new organization in schools, for work in secondary specialized educational institutions— Rosmolodezh. It is planned that cells of the movement will appear both in schools and in secondary specialized educational institutions, RBC's interlocutors say.
RBC sent inquiries to the Ministry of Education and Rosmolodezh.
One of RBC's interlocutors explains the need to create a new movement with the task of educating patriotism, love for the motherland and citizenship among children and adolescents. According to another source, the key reason is that now the state in its work with schoolchildren “does not reach all children”: “[Therefore] it is necessary to create an infrastructure for each child, a kind of navigator for children and parents in terms of implementation child, development, career choice in the future. This is an attempt by the state to systematize what has been done [in work with children] and create new opportunities. We are talking, for example, about the participation of children and adolescents in various competitions, thematic shifts, sports competitions, etc., that is, the possibility of implementation in various formats, says RBC's interlocutor.
Recently, VTsIOM conducted a survey on the attitude of Russians to possible patriotic innovations in Russian schools— the introduction of a history lesson from the first grade, the raising of the flag and the singing of the anthem before the working week, etc.— and this survey revealed interesting trends, notes political analyst Alexei Makarkin. “The younger the respondent, the more skeptical he is about patriotic education in schools. At the same time, there is a consensus in different age groups about whether the school should educate moral qualities, — says the expert. Among the youngest, 69% answered positively to the relevant question, among the elderly— 68%.
The survey shows that the topic of patriotic education causes more skepticism among young people, and, apparently, there is a desire to correct this, Makarkin believes. “Through just one game of Zarnitsa, it is not advisable to do this, but you can also try through something else: the possibility of self-realization. Probably, they will try to combine patriotic education with the values of self-expression, the opportunity to gain additional knowledge, competencies, — the expert argues. Something similar existed in the Soviet era, Makarkin recalls, although in a much more comprehensive format.
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